Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 2136
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Tekke N S - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the biomechanical qualities of the perichondrium and cartilage, and to determine the strength of the septal cartilage against bending forces. This paper describes an experimental cadaver study. The nasal septal cartilages of 14 fresh cadavers (8 hours postmortem) were excised from the cadavers and cut ...
Dos Santos Alves Vera Lucia VL Department of Physical Therapy, Hospital Santa Isabel, Sao Paulo, Brazil. - - 2014
Patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have lower potential for physical activity because of lung dysfunction and lower muscle strength, which can be reversed by the cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal conditioning provided by standardized physical activities. We conducted a study to determine if a preoperative protocol of aerobic exercise would improve ...
Yu Yusheng Y Research Institute of Nephrology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, PR - - 2014
♦ Objective: We evaluated the role of a quality improvement initiative in improving clinical outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD). ♦ Methods: In a retrospective analysis of 6 years of data from a hospital registry, the period between 1 July 2005 and 30 June 2008 (control group) provided baseline data from ...
Milne Richard J RJ Health Outcomes Associates Ltd.; University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
To establish the cost-effectiveness of long-term humidification therapy (LTHT) added to usual care for patients with moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or bronchiectasis. Resource usage in a 12-month clinical trial of LTHT was estimated from hospital records, patient diaries, and the equipment supplier. Health state utility values were ...
Costantini Elisabetta E Department of Medical-Surgical Specialties and Public Health, Urology and Andrology Section, University of Perugia, Perugia. - - 2014
Introduction: To evaluate the cost-utility of incontinence treatments, particularly anticholinergic therapy, by examining costs and quality-adjusted life years. Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study of women who were consecutively referred by general practitioners (GPs) to the Urology Department because of urinary incontinence. The primary outcome was evaluation of the ...
Thoma Achilleas A Hamilton and Toronto, Ontario, Canada From the Division of Plastic Surgery and the Surgical Outcomes Research Center, Department of Surgery, the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and the Offord Center for Child Studies, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, McMaster University; and the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of - - 2014
The present study was undertaken to assess the health-related quality of life in patients with Dupuytren's disease who undergo palmar fasciectomy. A prospective cohort of patients with Dupuytren's disease undergoing palmar and/or digital fasciectomy was recruited from the practice of three plastic surgeons in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. After written informed ...
Freeman Jennifer J JJ Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Mott Children's Hospital, 1540 E. Hospital Dr., SPC 4211, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-4211, USA, - - 2014
A major research gap is determining the best age to perform an appendicostomy or cecostomy. This study hypothesizes that performance of appendicostomy/cecostomy prior to starting school (<6 years) would improve functional stooling and quality of life (QOL). Patients who underwent appendicostomy/cecostomy for bowel management between 2003 and 2013 were retrospectively identified. ...
Hsu Lin-Nei LN Department of Urology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, - - 2014
Best strategies for simultaneous urinary and stool diversion remain indeterminate. Here we present what is to our knowledge the longest outcome data on double-barreled colon conduit and colostomy (DBCCC) in a cohort of patients needing simultaneous urinary and fecal diversion. We identified 9 patients who underwent DBCCC between March 2002 ...
Cerruto Maria Angela MA Urology Clinic, Department of Surgery, University of Verona & AOUI, Verona - - - 2014
Functional aspects and quality of life (QOL) of patients with a urinary diversion (UD) represent important issues in Urology. Any form of UD has its specific problems. In experienced hands and with regular long-term follow-up, serious complications can be avoided and excellent long-term results can be achieved. Thus, the selection ...
Cho Hyun Hee HH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University Medical College, Seoul, - - 2014
Submucosal myomas are associated with subfertility and infertility, and hysteroscopic myomectomy is the most commonly recommended treatment for these tumors. However, large submucosal leiomyomas with deep intramural positioning cannot be treated by this method. In the present retrospective observational study, we report our experience with a group of patients who ...
Mencière Maxime L ML Orthopaedic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Hôpital Nord, University Hospital, 80000, Amiens, - - 2014
A full range of motion after total knee arthroplasty has become more and more requested by our patients, leading to novel designs of knee implants, the so-called "hyperflex" knees. The aim of the present study was to confirm whether or not hyperflexion of operated knees really improves the patients' quality ...
Koskenkorva T T Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Finland; Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of - - 2014
To assess health-related quality of life (QoL) and clinical factors predicting it after tonsillectomy among adult patients with recurrent pharyngitis. Prospective cohort design. Tertiary referral centre. Adults (n = 153) who underwent tonsillectomy for recurrent pharyngitis. QoL six months after tonsillectomy, measured by the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Factors predicting ...
Messer Jamie C JC Department of Urology, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, - - 2014
Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy (RARC) has been reported with potential benefits compared to the traditional Open Radical Cystectomy (ORC), though to date no study has compared health related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes between ORC and RARC in a prospective randomized fashion. Prospective Randomized Clinical trial evaluating the HRQOL ...
Urquhart D S DS Department of Paediatric Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, - - 2014
The effects of spinal surgery on lung function and quality of life (QoL) are important patient outcomes. Long-term follow-up of lung function and QoL in those undergoing combined anterior and posterior spinal fusion (A/PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is poorly documented with only one study extending beyond 2 years, though ...
Painter Ian I Northwest Center for Public Health Practice School of Public Health, University of Washington, USA 1107 NE 45(th) Street, Suite 400 Seattle, WA 98105. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dispatcher-assisted CPR (DA-CPR) canincrease rates of bystander CPR, survival,and quality of life following cardiac arrest. Dispatcher protocols designed to improve rapid recognition of arrest and coach CPR may increase survival by 1) reducing preventable time delaysto start of chest compressions and 2) improving the quality of bystander CPR. Methods:We conducted ...
Sanovich R R Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to report the subjective and objective outcomes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) replacement with Biomet stock prostheses at a single institution in Florida. In this retrospective study, patients who underwent TMJ replacement using a Biomet stock prosthesis from 2005 to 2012 were analyzed. Subjective (pain, ...
Arnold Suzanne V SV From Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, MO (S.V.A., Y.L., E.A.M., D.J.C.); University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO (S.V.A., E.A.M., D.J.C.); Harvard Clinical Research Institute, Boston, MA (M.R.R.); Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY (A.J.K., S.K.K., P.G., M.B.L.); Washington University, St. Louis, MO (A.Z.); Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (V.H.T.); Laval University, Quebec, Canada (J.R.-C.); Columbia University Division of Cardiology at Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL (N.B.); and Baylor Healthcare System, Plano, TX (M.J.M.). - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a less invasive option for treatment of high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. We sought to identify patients at high risk for poor outcome after TAVR using a novel definition of outcome that integrates quality of life with mortality. Among 2137 patients who underwent ...
Limongelli Paolo P Department of General Surgery, Second University of Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to critically review the incidence of venous thromboembolism and postoperative hemorrhage in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy without preoperative prophylaxis. A prospective electronic database of all patients undergoing total thyroidectomy over a six -year period within August 2013 in our medical unit was analyzed. ...
Hong Liu L State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology & Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of early oral feeding on postoperative short-term outcome of gastric cancer patients receiving laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. From Oct 1, 2011 to Mar 1, 2013, 84 consecutive patients with gastric cancer were involved in this retrospective study. Patients received either early oral feeding (early feeding group) or ...
Yilmaz Mahmut Sinan MS Sakarya University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Sakarya, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of septoplasty and the effects of septoplasty on the quality of life and to determine postoperative patient satisfaction in children using nose obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) and visual analog scale (VAS). Only pediatric patients who underwent septoplasty were included in ...
Kidher Emaddin E Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Aortic stiffness is an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The predictive value of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) for quality of life (QoL) and severity of surgical aortic valve stenosis (AS) have not been examined. PWV was measured in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) for AS. QoL [SF-36 ...
Mellgren A A Division of Colon & Rectal Surgery, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Injectable bulking treatment for fecal incontinence (FI) is intended to expand tissue in the anal canal and prevent fecal leakage. Use of injectable bulking agents is increasing because it can be performed in an outpatient setting and with low risk for morbidity. This study evaluated the long-term (36-month) clinical effectiveness ...
Wu Yao-Kuang YK 1 Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital , Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City, Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Background: The chronic use of the long-acting anticholinergic agent, tiotropium, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been linked in some reports to an increase in adverse cardiovascular effects. Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) is a condition seen in COPD patients that has also been linked to poor cardiovascular ...
Catarinella Fs F Department of Venous Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, the Netherlands - - 2014
Treatment of deep venous occlusive disease is gaining popularity, although the results and outcomes of various techniques are yet to be fully studied. Quality-of-Life (QoL) improvement is a valid and important outcome in medicine, but no specific QoL instruments for deep venous pathology exist up until now. We assessed the ...
Te Slaa Alexander A Amphia Hospital, Department of Surgery, Breda, the Netherlands - - 2014
In selected patients who suffer from severe peripheral artery disease (PAD) a revascularization with a peripheral bypass might be considered. Postoperative edema is a well-known phenomenon following peripheral bypass surgery and is probably caused by multiple factors. Although postoperative edema causes discomfort to patients, the effects on the quality of ...
Caro-Tarragó Aleidis A General and Digestive Surgery Department, Parc Taulí University Hospital, Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of using prophylactic meshes to achieve abdominal wall closure, decreasing the risk of incisional hernia. However, the effect of prophylactic mesh placement on a patient's quality of life has not yet been evaluated. A controlled, prospective, randomized, and blind study was carried out. The ...
Bosanquet D C DC South East Wales Regional Vascular Network, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate outcomes of direct revascularisation (DR) versus indirect revascularisation (IR) of infrapopliteal arteries to the affected angiosome for critical limb ischaemia. Both open and endovascular techniques were included. A systematic review of key electronic journal databases was undertaken from inception to 22 ...
Lubelski Daniel D Departments of Neurological Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA, - - 2014
To investigate the quality of life outcomes following surgical treatment of patients with coexisting multiple sclerosis (MS) and cervical stenosis with associated myelopathy (CS). A retrospective review of the medical records and of prospectively acquired quality of life (QOL) data was performed for all patients with symptoms of myelopathy and ...
Boström Windhamre Helena H Capio Artro Clinic, Stockholm Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Capio St Gorans Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether the outcome after septic arthritis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is inferior compared with uncomplicated ACLR when treated promptly by use of a standard protocol. At Capio Artro Clinic, 4,384 primary ACLRs were performed during 2001-2009. All patients with postoperative septic arthritis were retrospectively reviewed, and ...
Cameron Hl H Cornerstone Research Group Inc., Burlington, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: In patients with significant mitral regurgitation (MR) at high risk of mortality and morbidity from mitral valve surgery, transcatheter mitral valve repair with the MitraClip System is associated with reduction in MR, and improved quality of life and functional status compared with baseline. The objective was to evaluate ...
Blanchard Claire C Clinique de Chirurgie Digestive et Endocrinienne (CCDE), Institut des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif (IMAD), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nantes-Hôtel Dieu, Nantes, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to evaluate, in mild primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) patients, the quality of life (QoL) using the SF-36 questionnaire before and after parathyroidectomy and to detect preoperatively patients who benefit the most from surgery. Most pHPT patients present a mild pHPT defined by calcemia ≤11.4 mg/dL. For ...
Macleod Angus D AD Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, - - 2014
This study was undertaken to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of mortality in Parkinson's disease (PD) and to investigate which factors were associated with mortality. We conducted comprehensive searches of studies reporting a ratio of mortality in PD versus controls, descriptive survival measures, or factors predicting survival; ...
Cheskes Sheldon S Sunnybrook Centre for Prehospital Medicine (S.C.), Toronto, ON, Canada, University of Toronto, Division of Emergency Medicine (S.C., L.J.M.),Toronto, ON, Canada; Rescu (S.C., M.R.C., A.B., C.Z., L.J.M.) Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michaels Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada; Institute of Medical Science (M.R.C.) University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have demonstrated significant relationships between shock pause duration and survival to hospital discharge from shockable out-of hospital (OHCA) cardiac arrest. Compressions during defibrillator charging (CDC) has been proposed as a technique to shorten shock pause duration. We sought to determine the impact of CDC on shock pause duration ...
Kontogianni Konstantina K Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care Medicine, Thoraxklinik at the University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Background: Treatment with lung volume reduction coils (LVRC) may be effective in patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema and incomplete fissures. Objective: We hypothesized that LVRC placement improves pulmonary function, exercise tolerance and quality of life in these patients. Methods: Twenty-six patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 13 males and ...
Harding Keith G KG Clinical Innovation, Welsh Wound Innovation Centre, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, - - 2014
A prospective, randomised, 12-week study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of two compression methods for venous leg ulcers (VLUs); a new adaptive compression therapy (ACT) system, combining intermittent and sustained pneumatic compression (n = 38) and a conventional four-layer bandage system (n = 52). Primary outcomes were ulcer healing and safety. ...
O'Dowd V V Departments of Colorectal Surgery, Limerick University Hospital, Limerick, - - 2014
To obtain a clear surgical margin, abdominoperineal excision (APE) for rectal cancer frequently leaves a large perineal defect surrounded by irradiated tissue. A vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous (VRAM) flap may facilitate healing of this wound. The current study aims to determine the effect of VRAM flap perineal reconstruction following APE ...
Hossne Nelson Americo NA Jr Cardiovascular Surgery Division, Surgery Department, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
Mononuclear stem cells have been studied for their potential in myocardial ischemia. In our previous published paper, ReACT phase I/II clinical trial, our results suggest that a certain cell population, promonocytes, directly correlated with the perceived angiogenesis in refractory angina patients. This study is ReACT's clinical update, assessing long-term sustained ...
Awad Ziad T ZT Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine Jacksonville, 633 W 8th Street, Jacksonville, FL, 32209, USA, - - 2014
Conventional laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (LRH) involves making an abdominal incision to remove the specimen and perform the anastomosis. Totally laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) may lead to better outcomes compared to LRH. Forty consecutive female patients total were reviewed: 20 LRH and 20 NOSE. The two ...
Berman Jay M JM Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
Radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation of fibroids has been reported in the literature, the procedure has been cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, but mid- to-long-term quality-of-life results in a heterogeneous population of premenopausal and symptomatic women are lacking. Our objective was to analyze the clinical success of radiofrequency ...
Alder Ls L East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust, - - 2014
Endovenous ablation of saphenous varicose veins has decreased morbidity and recovery time compared with open surgery. This study assessed the outcome and mid-term patient satisfaction of single-visit endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) alone, EVLT combined with phlebectomies and endovenous chemical ablation. A retrospective review was conducted of all patients (n=91) in ...
Tempel Zachary J ZJ Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Object A hybrid approach of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) followed by supplementary open posterior segmental instrumented fusion (PSIF) has shown promising early results in the treatment of adult degenerative scoliosis. Studies assessing the impact of this combined approach on correction of segmental and regional coronal angulation, sagittal ...
Lindgren J V JV Karolinska Institutet, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Section of Orthopaedics, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden and the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register, Gothenburg, - - 2014
The effects of surgical approach in total hip replacement on health-related quality of life and long-term pain and satisfaction are unknown. From the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register, we extracted data on all patients that had received a total hip replacement for osteoarthritis through either the posterior or the direct lateral ...
Fleshman James W JW 1Department of Surgery, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 2Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Ochsner Clinic, New Orleans, Louisiana 3University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont 4Department of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida, Weston, Florida 5Department of Surgery, Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York, New York 6Department of Surgery, Indiana University, Indianapolis, - - 2014
A large proportion of patients with a colostomy or an ileostomy develop parastomal hernias. The placement of a reinforcing material at the stoma site may reduce parastomal hernia incidence. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of stoma reinforcement with sublay placement of non-cross-linked porcine-derived acellular dermal matrix at ...
Miao Huamao - - 2014
To investigate objective optical quality and changes in light scatter after femtosecond laser small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for moderate to high myopia correction. Prospective clinical study of 66 eyes of 66 patients (23 males, 43 females) with a mean age of 28.67 ± 6.62 years, mean spherical refraction of ...
Iester Michele M 1 Laboratorio Clinico Anatomo-Funzionale per la Diagnosi e il Trattamento del Glaucoma e Della Malattie Neurooftalmologiche, Clinica Oculistica, DiNOGMI, University of Genoa , Genoa, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine whether there were ocular surface changes in glaucomatous patients treated with preservatives beta-blockers who switched to preservative-free beta-blockers. Methods: This was a prospective, longitudinal, open-labeled study. One hundred thirty-two patients with primary open angle glaucoma treated with a preserved beta-blocker were enrolled. All the patients underwent ...
Bona Veronica V Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, United - - 2014
Aims: To evaluate the effects of access route upon clinical results and quality of life (QoL) in patients undergoing either transfemoral (TF-TAVI) or transapical balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TA-TAVI) in the real world. Methods and results: A prospective analysis was performed upon 264 consecutive patients receiving TF-TAVI or TA-TAVI. ...
Kulendra Nicola Jayne NJ Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the outcome of cats with ureteric obstruction managed with double pigtail ureteric stents and to document the incidence of lower urinary tract signs at long-term follow-up. Data were obtained retrospectively from the medical records (2009-2012) of 26 cats that underwent ureteric stent ...
Marion B B Service de chirurgie orthopédique, hôpital Bichat-Claude-Bernard, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75877 Paris cedex 18, France; EA REMES, université Paris-Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 75010 Paris, - - 2014
Highly congruent total knee prostheses were introduced in the 1990s in the hope of decreasing polyethylene wear, thereby minimising loosening and particle-induced peri-prosthetic osteolysis. Despite promising long-term outcomes, substantial rates of aseptic loosening were reported with conventional gamma-irradiated polyethylene inserts, suggesting that highly reticulated polyethylene should be used instead. We ...
Mineo Tommaso Claudio TC Department of Experimental Medicine and Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Policlinico Tor Vergata University , Rome, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Background: Malignant pleural effusion can be treated successfully by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) talc pleurodesis. This procedure can also be performed using local anesthesia on nonintubated patients. Objectives: To evaluate quality of life and major outcomes after VATS talc pleurodesis performed under local anesthesia in nonintubated patients with malignant ...
Tadwalkar Rigved R Cedars Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8631 West Third Street, Ste, 1017 East, Los Angeles, CA, 90048, - - 2014
To ascertain the beneficial role of spiritual counseling in patients with chronic heart failure. This is a pilot study evaluating the effects of adjunct spiritual counseling on quality of life (QoL) outcomes in patients with heart failure. Patients were assigned to "religious" or "non-religious" counseling services based strictly on their ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >