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Rosso Federica F University of Turin, Turin, - - 2014
Meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) was developed as a means of treating the symptoms of compartmental overload after meniscectomy. Despite more than 20 years of research in this field, many controversies still exist regarding meniscal transplantation. The aims of this study were to assess (1) the quality of the published studies ...
Kessel Line L Department of Ophthalmology, Copenhagen University Hospital Glostrup, Glostrup, Denmark; Danish Health and Medicines Authority, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Favorable outcome after cataract surgery depends on proper control of the inflammatory response induced by cataract surgery. Pseudophakic cystoid macular edema is an important cause of visual decline after uncomplicated cataract surgery. We compared the efficacy of topical steroids with topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in controlling inflammation and preventing ...
Makino Takahiro T Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Osaka Minami Medical Center, 2-1 Kidohigashi, Kawachinagano, Osaka, 586-8521, Japan, - - 2014
Although delayed union or pseudoarthrosis after lumbar arthrodesis has been recognized as a major radiographic complication, little has been known about the effect of fusion status on the patient's quality-of-life (QOL) outcome. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of fusion status after posterior lumbar interbody fusion ...
Barbosa Fabiano T FT Department of Clinical Medicine, Hospital Geral do Estado Professor Osvaldo Brandão Vilela, Siqueira Campos Avenue, 2095, Trapiche da Barra, Maceió, Alagoas, Brazil, - - 2014
General anaesthesia causes atelectasis, which can lead to impaired respiratory function. Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is a mechanical manoeuvre that increases functional residual capacity (FRC) and prevents collapse of the airways, thereby reducing atelectasis. It is not known whether intraoperative PEEP alters the risks of postoperative mortality and pulmonary complications. ...
Kurbatov Dmitry D Andrological and Urological Department, Endocrinological Research Centre, Moscow, - - 2014
To investigate clinical benefits and safety of prostatic artery embolization (PAE) in patients with prostate volume ≥80 cm(3) and Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) ≥2 and affected by benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). From January 2009 to January 2012, PAE was performed in 88 consecutive patients affected by clinical BPO. Inclusion criteria were symptomatic BPO ...
Rief Harald - - 2014
To evaluate the local response according to stability after radiotherapy (RT) with a special focus on quality-of-life (QoL), fatigue, pain and emotional distress in patients with unstable spinal bone metastases. In this prospective trial, 30 patients were treated from September 2011 until March 2013. The stability of osteolytic metastases in ...
Verspoor Floortje G M FG Department of Orthopedics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Adequate documentation of the outcome of treatment of pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is sparse. Available case series show relatively short follow-up times and often combine locations or subtypes to increase patient numbers. This article describes the long-term follow-up of a single institution's large consecutive series of PVNS. Retrospectively, 107 PVNS ...
Adachi Nobuo N Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiographic outcome of fixation of unstable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions of the knee after a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. A total of 33 unstable juvenile osteochondritis dissecans lesions in 30 patients underwent fixation using bioabsorbable pins through ...
Ritch Chad R CR Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Urologic Surgery, Nashville, TN. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to determine the extent to which complications, as well as the number of "hospital-free days" (HFDs) within 30 and 90 days of surgery predicted HRQOL at one year following radical cystectomy (RC). We used data from a prospective HRQOL study using a validated instrument, the Vanderbilt Cystectomy Index-15 ...
Bogunovic Ljiljana L Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Periacetabular osteotomy is a well-described surgical intervention for symptomatic acetabular deformities in skeletally mature patients. Data regarding return to athletic activity or sport after this procedure are still limited. To evaluate the ability of patients to return to preoperative levels of activity after periacetabular osteotomy. Case series; Level of evidence, ...
Asari Sami Al SA Clinique de Chirurgie Digestive et Endocrinienne, Institut des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif (IMAD), University Hospital of Nantes, Hotel Dieu, Place Alexis Ricordeau, 44093, Nantes, - - 2014
The study assessed the initial experience with posterior tibila nerve stimulation (PTNS) for faecal incontinence and compared it to sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) performed in a single centre during the same timespan. A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database has been conducted at a colorectal Unit -University Hospital, Nantes, ...
Simsek Gokce G From the *Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery Department, School of Medicine, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale; and †ENT Clinic, Malatya State Hospital, Ministry of Health, Malatya, - - 2014
: Various methods of surgical treatment are defined in nasal deformities that cause nasal obstruction. Open technique septorhinoplasty is a method that is frequently used for this purpose. This study aims to compare surgical results of open technique septorhinoplasty operations with and without osteotomies. In addition, changes in the quality ...
Beesems Stefanie G SG Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) use Overall Performance Category (OPC)/Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) as outcome. We studied quality of life, neuro-cognitive functioning and independency in daily life of patients and strain of caregivers 6-12 months after cardiac arrest. 220 patients (>18 year) who survived 6-12 months after OHCA and ...
Bowyer A A Department of Anaesthesia and Pain Management, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
To date, postoperative quality of recovery lacks a universally accepted definition and assessment technique. Current quality of recovery assessment tools vary in their development, breadth of assessment, validation, use of continuous vs dichotomous outcomes and focus on individual vs group recovery. They have progressed from identifying pure restitution of physiological ...
Mearns Elizabeth S ES University of Connecticut School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Practice, 69N Eagleville Road, Storrs, CT, 06269-3092, USA; Hartford Hospital Division of Cardiology, 80 Seymour Street, Hartford, CT, 06102-5037, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) frequently require vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent recurrent events, but their use increases hemorrhage risk. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the quality of international normalized ratio (INR) control, identify study-level predictors of poor control and to examine the relationship between INR control and ...
Mummaneni Praveen V PV Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Object There is significant practice variation and uncertainty as to the value of surgical treatments for lumbar spine disorders. The authors' aim was to establish a multicenter registry to assess the efficacy and costs of common lumbar spinal procedures by using prospectively collected outcomes. Methods An observational prospective cohort study ...
Huang Lin L Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Circular excision by secondary intention healing is useful for small skin defects. The study compared the effect of the neighboring undermining on wound healing. Patients undergoing circular excision (diameters less than 20 mm) were divided into four groups in sequence by the range of neighboring subcutaneous undermining. Key outcome measures ...
Tekke N S - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the biomechanical qualities of the perichondrium and cartilage, and to determine the strength of the septal cartilage against bending forces. This paper describes an experimental cadaver study. The nasal septal cartilages of 14 fresh cadavers (8 hours postmortem) were excised from the cadavers and cut ...
Dos Santos Alves Vera Lucia VL Department of Physical Therapy, Hospital Santa Isabel, Sao Paulo, Brazil. - - 2014
Patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) have lower potential for physical activity because of lung dysfunction and lower muscle strength, which can be reversed by the cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal conditioning provided by standardized physical activities. We conducted a study to determine if a preoperative protocol of aerobic exercise would improve ...
Yu Yusheng Y Research Institute of Nephrology, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, PR - - 2014
♦ Objective: We evaluated the role of a quality improvement initiative in improving clinical outcomes in peritoneal dialysis (PD). ♦ Methods: In a retrospective analysis of 6 years of data from a hospital registry, the period between 1 July 2005 and 30 June 2008 (control group) provided baseline data from ...
Milne Richard J RJ Health Outcomes Associates Ltd.; University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
To establish the cost-effectiveness of long-term humidification therapy (LTHT) added to usual care for patients with moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or bronchiectasis. Resource usage in a 12-month clinical trial of LTHT was estimated from hospital records, patient diaries, and the equipment supplier. Health state utility values were ...
Costantini Elisabetta E Department of Medical-Surgical Specialties and Public Health, Urology and Andrology Section, University of Perugia, Perugia. - - 2014
Introduction: To evaluate the cost-utility of incontinence treatments, particularly anticholinergic therapy, by examining costs and quality-adjusted life years. Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study of women who were consecutively referred by general practitioners (GPs) to the Urology Department because of urinary incontinence. The primary outcome was evaluation of the ...
Freeman Jennifer J JJ Section of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Mott Children's Hospital, 1540 E. Hospital Dr., SPC 4211, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-4211, USA, - - 2014
A major research gap is determining the best age to perform an appendicostomy or cecostomy. This study hypothesizes that performance of appendicostomy/cecostomy prior to starting school (<6 years) would improve functional stooling and quality of life (QOL). Patients who underwent appendicostomy/cecostomy for bowel management between 2003 and 2013 were retrospectively identified. ...
Hsu Lin-Nei LN Department of Urology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, - - 2014
Best strategies for simultaneous urinary and stool diversion remain indeterminate. Here we present what is to our knowledge the longest outcome data on double-barreled colon conduit and colostomy (DBCCC) in a cohort of patients needing simultaneous urinary and fecal diversion. We identified 9 patients who underwent DBCCC between March 2002 ...
Cerruto Maria Angela MA Urology Clinic, Department of Surgery, University of Verona & AOUI, Verona - - - 2014
Functional aspects and quality of life (QOL) of patients with a urinary diversion (UD) represent important issues in Urology. Any form of UD has its specific problems. In experienced hands and with regular long-term follow-up, serious complications can be avoided and excellent long-term results can be achieved. Thus, the selection ...
Cho Hyun Hee HH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Catholic University Medical College, Seoul, - - 2014
Submucosal myomas are associated with subfertility and infertility, and hysteroscopic myomectomy is the most commonly recommended treatment for these tumors. However, large submucosal leiomyomas with deep intramural positioning cannot be treated by this method. In the present retrospective observational study, we report our experience with a group of patients who ...
Mencière Maxime L ML Orthopaedic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Hôpital Nord, University Hospital, 80000, Amiens, - - 2014
A full range of motion after total knee arthroplasty has become more and more requested by our patients, leading to novel designs of knee implants, the so-called "hyperflex" knees. The aim of the present study was to confirm whether or not hyperflexion of operated knees really improves the patients' quality ...
Koskenkorva T T Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Finland; Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of - - 2014
To assess health-related quality of life (QoL) and clinical factors predicting it after tonsillectomy among adult patients with recurrent pharyngitis. Prospective cohort design. Tertiary referral centre. Adults (n = 153) who underwent tonsillectomy for recurrent pharyngitis. QoL six months after tonsillectomy, measured by the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI). Factors predicting ...
Messer Jamie C JC Department of Urology, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, - - 2014
Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy (RARC) has been reported with potential benefits compared to the traditional Open Radical Cystectomy (ORC), though to date no study has compared health related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes between ORC and RARC in a prospective randomized fashion. Prospective Randomized Clinical trial evaluating the HRQOL ...
Urquhart D S DS Department of Paediatric Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, - - 2014
The effects of spinal surgery on lung function and quality of life (QoL) are important patient outcomes. Long-term follow-up of lung function and QoL in those undergoing combined anterior and posterior spinal fusion (A/PSF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is poorly documented with only one study extending beyond 2 years, though ...
Painter Ian I Northwest Center for Public Health Practice School of Public Health, University of Washington, USA 1107 NE 45(th) Street, Suite 400 Seattle, WA 98105. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dispatcher-assisted CPR (DA-CPR) canincrease rates of bystander CPR, survival,and quality of life following cardiac arrest. Dispatcher protocols designed to improve rapid recognition of arrest and coach CPR may increase survival by 1) reducing preventable time delaysto start of chest compressions and 2) improving the quality of bystander CPR. Methods:We conducted ...
Sanovich R R Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to report the subjective and objective outcomes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) replacement with Biomet stock prostheses at a single institution in Florida. In this retrospective study, patients who underwent TMJ replacement using a Biomet stock prosthesis from 2005 to 2012 were analyzed. Subjective (pain, ...
Arnold Suzanne V SV From Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, MO (S.V.A., Y.L., E.A.M., D.J.C.); University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, MO (S.V.A., E.A.M., D.J.C.); Harvard Clinical Research Institute, Boston, MA (M.R.R.); Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY (A.J.K., S.K.K., P.G., M.B.L.); Washington University, St. Louis, MO (A.Z.); Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (V.H.T.); Laval University, Quebec, Canada (J.R.-C.); Columbia University Division of Cardiology at Mount Sinai Medical Center, Miami Beach, FL (N.B.); and Baylor Healthcare System, Plano, TX (M.J.M.). - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a less invasive option for treatment of high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis. We sought to identify patients at high risk for poor outcome after TAVR using a novel definition of outcome that integrates quality of life with mortality. Among 2137 patients who underwent ...
Limongelli Paolo P Department of General Surgery, Second University of Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to critically review the incidence of venous thromboembolism and postoperative hemorrhage in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy without preoperative prophylaxis. A prospective electronic database of all patients undergoing total thyroidectomy over a six -year period within August 2013 in our medical unit was analyzed. ...
Hong Liu L State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology & Xijing Hospital of Digestive Diseases, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, Shaanxi Province, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of early oral feeding on postoperative short-term outcome of gastric cancer patients receiving laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. From Oct 1, 2011 to Mar 1, 2013, 84 consecutive patients with gastric cancer were involved in this retrospective study. Patients received either early oral feeding (early feeding group) or ...
Yilmaz Mahmut Sinan MS Sakarya University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Sakarya, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of septoplasty and the effects of septoplasty on the quality of life and to determine postoperative patient satisfaction in children using nose obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) and visual analog scale (VAS). Only pediatric patients who underwent septoplasty were included in ...
Kidher Emaddin E Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Aortic stiffness is an emerging risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The predictive value of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) for quality of life (QoL) and severity of surgical aortic valve stenosis (AS) have not been examined. PWV was measured in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) for AS. QoL [SF-36 ...
Mellgren A A Division of Colon & Rectal Surgery, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Injectable bulking treatment for fecal incontinence (FI) is intended to expand tissue in the anal canal and prevent fecal leakage. Use of injectable bulking agents is increasing because it can be performed in an outpatient setting and with low risk for morbidity. This study evaluated the long-term (36-month) clinical effectiveness ...
Wu Yao-Kuang YK 1 Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei Tzu Chi Hospital , Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, New Taipei City, Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Background: The chronic use of the long-acting anticholinergic agent, tiotropium, in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been linked in some reports to an increase in adverse cardiovascular effects. Decreased heart rate variability (HRV) is a condition seen in COPD patients that has also been linked to poor cardiovascular ...
Catarinella Fs F Department of Venous Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, the Netherlands - - 2014
Treatment of deep venous occlusive disease is gaining popularity, although the results and outcomes of various techniques are yet to be fully studied. Quality-of-Life (QoL) improvement is a valid and important outcome in medicine, but no specific QoL instruments for deep venous pathology exist up until now. We assessed the ...
Te Slaa Alexander A Amphia Hospital, Department of Surgery, Breda, the Netherlands - - 2014
In selected patients who suffer from severe peripheral artery disease (PAD) a revascularization with a peripheral bypass might be considered. Postoperative edema is a well-known phenomenon following peripheral bypass surgery and is probably caused by multiple factors. Although postoperative edema causes discomfort to patients, the effects on the quality of ...
Bosanquet D C DC South East Wales Regional Vascular Network, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate outcomes of direct revascularisation (DR) versus indirect revascularisation (IR) of infrapopliteal arteries to the affected angiosome for critical limb ischaemia. Both open and endovascular techniques were included. A systematic review of key electronic journal databases was undertaken from inception to 22 ...
Lubelski Daniel D Departments of Neurological Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA, - - 2014
To investigate the quality of life outcomes following surgical treatment of patients with coexisting multiple sclerosis (MS) and cervical stenosis with associated myelopathy (CS). A retrospective review of the medical records and of prospectively acquired quality of life (QOL) data was performed for all patients with symptoms of myelopathy and ...
Boström Windhamre Helena H Capio Artro Clinic, Stockholm Sports Trauma Research Center, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Capio St Gorans Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether the outcome after septic arthritis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is inferior compared with uncomplicated ACLR when treated promptly by use of a standard protocol. At Capio Artro Clinic, 4,384 primary ACLRs were performed during 2001-2009. All patients with postoperative septic arthritis were retrospectively reviewed, and ...
Cameron Hl H Cornerstone Research Group Inc., Burlington, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: In patients with significant mitral regurgitation (MR) at high risk of mortality and morbidity from mitral valve surgery, transcatheter mitral valve repair with the MitraClip System is associated with reduction in MR, and improved quality of life and functional status compared with baseline. The objective was to evaluate ...
Blanchard Claire C Clinique de Chirurgie Digestive et Endocrinienne (CCDE), Institut des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif (IMAD), Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Nantes-Hôtel Dieu, Nantes, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to evaluate, in mild primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) patients, the quality of life (QoL) using the SF-36 questionnaire before and after parathyroidectomy and to detect preoperatively patients who benefit the most from surgery. Most pHPT patients present a mild pHPT defined by calcemia ≤11.4 mg/dL. For ...
Macleod Angus D AD Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, - - 2014
This study was undertaken to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of mortality in Parkinson's disease (PD) and to investigate which factors were associated with mortality. We conducted comprehensive searches of studies reporting a ratio of mortality in PD versus controls, descriptive survival measures, or factors predicting survival; ...
Cheskes Sheldon S Sunnybrook Centre for Prehospital Medicine (S.C.), Toronto, ON, Canada, University of Toronto, Division of Emergency Medicine (S.C., L.J.M.),Toronto, ON, Canada; Rescu (S.C., M.R.C., A.B., C.Z., L.J.M.) Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michaels Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada; Institute of Medical Science (M.R.C.) University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have demonstrated significant relationships between shock pause duration and survival to hospital discharge from shockable out-of hospital (OHCA) cardiac arrest. Compressions during defibrillator charging (CDC) has been proposed as a technique to shorten shock pause duration. We sought to determine the impact of CDC on shock pause duration ...
Kontogianni Konstantina K Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Care Medicine, Thoraxklinik at the University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
Background: Treatment with lung volume reduction coils (LVRC) may be effective in patients with severe heterogeneous emphysema and incomplete fissures. Objective: We hypothesized that LVRC placement improves pulmonary function, exercise tolerance and quality of life in these patients. Methods: Twenty-six patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 13 males and ...
Harding Keith G KG Clinical Innovation, Welsh Wound Innovation Centre, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cardiff, - - 2014
A prospective, randomised, 12-week study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of two compression methods for venous leg ulcers (VLUs); a new adaptive compression therapy (ACT) system, combining intermittent and sustained pneumatic compression (n = 38) and a conventional four-layer bandage system (n = 52). Primary outcomes were ulcer healing and safety. ...
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