Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2108
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Serra-Sutton V - - 2013
To assess the health related quality of life (HRQOL) and associated factors of patients before, and one year after, total knee (TKA) and hip (THA) arthroplasty. A quasi-experimental prospective study conducted in hospitals with different levels of complexity and volume in Catalonia, and on patients with an indication of a ...
Lubahn Jessica D JD Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
We assessed patient perceptions of regular intermittent self-dilation in men with urethral stricture. We constructed and distributed a visual analog questionnaire to evaluate intermittent self-dilation via catheterization by men referred for urethral stricture management at a total of 4 institutions. Items assessed included patient duration, frequency, difficulty and pain associated ...
Donker Jeroen M W - - 2013
Peripheral bypass surgery is an important treatment option for patients with peripheral arterial disease. Short-term results of quality of life (QoL) after peripheral bypass surgery showed an increase in QoL at 3 months. Little is known about QoL at more than 2 years of follow-up. This study was performed to ...
Reisenauer Christl - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomical and functional outcomes, as well as patients' satisfaction and morbidity associated with modified LeFort colpocleisis. Between 7/2007 and 6/2011 58 patients underwent a modified LeFort colpocleisis. Thirty-eight were available for follow-up visit. Records were reviewed for patients' characteristics, operative data ...
Aznar J A - - 2013
Retrospective publications show a decrease in the bleeding frequency and an improvement in the quality of life (QoL) in severe adult haemophilia A (SAHA) after switching from the on-demand treatment (DT) to secondary prophylaxis (SP). But there are no prospective studies which demonstrate, using a haemophilia-specific questionnaire, an improvement in ...
Pfiester Mary P - - 2013
Localized acquired hypertrichosis (LAH) is a condition characterized by increased hair growth and is frequently seen after cast removal in children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine the natural history of LAH and its potential impact on patients' quality of life. Patients between the ages of ...
Hanna Waël C - - 2013
Chest wall remodeling by substernal placement of a Nuss bar is the treatment of choice for children with pectus excavatum; however, it has not yet gained widespread acceptance in adults. We demonstrate that thoracoscopic Nuss bar insertion in young adults is safe and leads to excellent results. Adult patients who ...
Sacks Peta-Lee - - 2013
Osteitic bone is a feature of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), potentially playing a role in pathogenesis. Although seen after previous endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), it is also a de novo feature in patients without prior interventions. In these patients, osteitis is associated with high tissue and serum eosinophilia. However, the impact ...
Zeldenryk Lynne - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to conduct focus groups to operationalise the construct of quality of life (QOL) for people living with lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Bangladesh to develop culturally valid items for a Bangladeshi LF QOL tool. Ten focus groups were conducted with a stratified purposeful sample (n = 60) ...
Kim Young-Woo - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) compared to open distal gastrectomy (ODG) in the treatment of early gastric cancer with respect to survival, surgical outcomes, complications, and quality of life (QOL). One hundred sixty-four patients with cT1N0M0 and cT1N1M0 distal gastric cancer were randomly ...
McAlinden Colm - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the interchangeability of the three subscales of the Quality of Vision (QoV) questionnaire: Frequency, Severity and Bothersome. This will indicate if any of the subscales are predictive of one another and whether respondents need to complete all three subscales. Data from four ...
Yuo Theodore H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: and OBJECTIVE: Asymptomatic stenosis of the carotid arteries is associated with stroke. Carotid revascularization can reduce the future risk of stroke but can also trigger an immediate stroke. The objective was to model the generic relationship between immediate risk, long-term benefit, and life expectancy for any one-time prophylactic treatment ...
Parker Scott L - - 2013
To date, there has been no study to comprehensively assess the effectiveness of suboccipital craniectomy (SOC) for Chiari Malformation I (CMI) using validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures. We set out to determine the effectiveness and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) thresholds of SOC for treatment of adult patients with CMI ...
Li Yutao - - 2013
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of one-shot versus gradual dilation technique for tract creation in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). A systematic research of Pubmed, Embase and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify all relevant studies. The quality of the included trials was assessed ...
Tanny Sharman P Tan - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous economic studies outside Australia have demonstrated that patients treated with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) within 4.5 hours of stroke onset have lower healthcare costs than those not. We aim to perform cost-effectiveness analysis of intravenous tPA in an Australian setting. METHODS: Data on clinical outcomes and ...
Gholam Patrick - - 2013
Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an excellent treatment option for actinic keratosis. However the side effects lead to an impairment of the patients' quality of life. Objectives: To evaluate the impact of PDT on patients' quality of life and to determine the frequency and intensity of side effects over the ...
Wilson Colin H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Major urological complications (MUCs) after kidney transplantation contribute to patient morbidity and compromise graft function. The majority arise from the vesicoureteric anastomosis and present early after transplantation. Ureteric stents have been successfully used to treat such complications. A number of centres have adopted a policy of universal prophylactic stenting, ...
Woodcock Malcolm - - 2013
To assess the outcomes of small optical zone (OZ) ablations used in conjunction with large transition zones (TZ) and a highly aspheric treatment profile. Interventional case series of 39 consecutive patients with myopia or myopic astigmatism. Patient data included pre and postoperative refraction and visual acuities, laser treatment settings and ...
Raghuwanshi Shiv Kumar SK Department of ENT, LN Medical College and JK Hospital, Kolar Road, Bhopal, MP 462042 - - 2014
This prospective double blind randomized study evaluated the effect of clonidine when used as an adjuvant to local anaesthetic agents for infiltration block and measured its impact on the quality of anaesthesia, intraoperative bleeding and post-operative pain. We recruited 60 patients needing tympanoplasty, which were randomized them into two groups; ...
Poch Michael A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine short-term health-related quality of life (HRQL) outcomes after robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) using the Bladder Cancer Index (BCI) and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Body Image Scale (BIS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing RARC were enrolled in a quality assurance database. The ...
Geavlete Bogdan - - 2013
To evaluate in a prospective, randomized trial the surgical efficiency and safety of a new energy source enabling a continuous bipolar plasma vaporization of the prostate (C-BPVP) to be achieved by comparison to the standard vaporization (S-BPVP) and monopolar TURP in medium size BPH cases. To comparatively assess the short ...
Biemans Anke A M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Many case series have been published on treatments of varicose veins, but comparative randomized controlled trials remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: To compare the anatomic success rate, frequency of major complications, and quality-of-life improvement of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA), ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS), and conventional surgery (CS), after 1-year follow-up. METHODS: ...
Rasmussen Lars - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This is the first randomized controlled trial with a 5-year follow-up comparing endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) with high ligation and pin-stripping in patients with great saphenous vein (GSV) incompetence. METHODS: One hundred twenty-one consecutive patients (137 legs) with GSV incompetence were randomized to EVLA (980 nm bare fiber) or ...
Lashen Hany - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND AIM: On the basis of retrospective studies, hysterectomy has been considered a risk factor for functional bowel disorders. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the patients' bowel function and general health-related quality of life (QoL) before and after hysterectomy. Our hypothesis was that hysterectomy in ...
Tuomi Lisa - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of voice rehabilitation regarding acoustically measured voice quality as well as self-perceived function after radiotherapy for laryngeal cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective intervention study. METHODS: Twenty male patients irradiated for laryngeal cancer participated in the study. Voice recordings and self-assessment of voice function (hoarseness, vocal fatigue, ...
Mukka Sebastian S - - 2013
Dislocation remains a major concern after hip arthroplasty. We asked whether dual mobility cups (DMC) would improve early hip stability in patients with high risk of dislocation. We followed 34 patients (21 females, 13 males) treated between 2009 and 2012 with cemented DMC for hip revisions caused recurrent hip prosthetic ...
Bae Suh Eun - - 2013
Polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based gut lavage solutions are safe and effective, but require the intake of large volumes of fluid. The use of 2 L PEG plus 45 mL sodium phosphate (PEG2 plus NaP) was compared with 4 L PEG (PEG4) for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy. Patients were randomized to the ...
Ferrari Julia - - 2013
Despite its widespread availability and known safety and efficacy, a therapy with intravenous thrombolysis is still undergiven. We aimed to identify whether nationwide quality projects-like the stroke registry in Austria-as well as online benchmarking and predefined target values can increase rates of thrombolysis. Therefore, we assessed 6,394 out of 48,462 ...
Ihemelandu Chukwuemeka U - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CS+HIPEC) is associated with significant perioperative morbidity. One goal of our ongoing patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL) program is to describe the prognostic value of HRQoL measures for predicting postoperative morbidity and mortality following CS+HIPEC. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively ...
Brown Lindsay C - - 2013
PURPOSE: Pelvic radiotherapy (PRT) is known to adversely affect bowel function (BF) and patient well-being. This study characterized long-term BF and evaluated quality of life (QOL) in patients receiving PRT. METHODS: Data from 252 patients were compiled from two North Central Cancer Treatment Group prospective studies, which included assessment of ...
Pujol Nicolas - - 2013
PURPOSE: The mean reported healing rate after meniscal repair is 60 % of complete healing, 25 % of partial healing and 15 % of failure. However, partially or incompletely healed menisci are often asymptomatic in the short term. It is unknown whether the function of the knee with a partially or incompletely healed ...
Lundström Mats - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze three models of how patient-reported outcome measures can be connected to clinical outcome measures in cataract surgery to identify opportunities for improvement of quality of care. METHODS: Three models were used to analyze the following questions: Is there a relationship between ...
Ballester Francisco Sánchez - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study was aimed at determining the prophylactic efficacy of American cranberry (AC) extract (Cysticlean(R)) in women with recurrent symptomatic postcoital urinary tract infections (PCUTI), non-consumer of AC extract in the past 3 months before inclusion, and to determine changes in their quality of life (QoL). METHODS: This ...
Gringeri A - - 2013
Patients with haemophilia A and inhibitors are at high risk for severe bleeding, progression of joint disease and deterioration of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To determine the impact of prophylaxis with an activated prothrombin complex concentrate (aPCC) on HRQoL, HRQoL was assessed using the Short-Form (SF)-36 Health Survey and ...
Guner Ali - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although various methods have been described for surgical treatment of pilonidal sinus disease, which is best is under debate. Tension-free techniques seem to be most ideal. We aimed to evaluate the effects of two tension-free methods in terms of patient satisfaction, postoperative complications, and early recurrence. METHODS: A group ...
Rosenstock Steffen J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:The treatment of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) is complex, and mortality remains high. We present results from a nationwide initiative to monitor and improve the quality of care (QOC) in PUB.METHODS:All Danish hospitals treating PUB patients between 2004 and 2011 prospectively registered demographic, clinical, and prognostic data. QOC was evaluated ...
Briceño Fernando F Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá D.C., - - 2013
Background Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) total replacement with alloplastic prostheses has been performed since 1960s. Research in these last two decades has achieved important improvement in the development of biomaterials, design, adaptation, and fixation of the prosthesis components. Objective To evaluate total TMJ replacement with alloplastic prostheses. Methods We studied 27 ...
Paganotto M C - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this paper was to assess the feasibility and utility of adding a preventive trans obturatory tape (TOT) during the same intervention for anterior prolapse repair, in patients with masked urinary incontinence and massive cystocele. Methods: A retrospective trial was conducted in a Tertiary care University Hospital. ...
Marano Salvatore - - 2013
: Barrett esophagus (BE) is a complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease. We wish to determine the effects of surgery on the histology of the esophageal mucosa and evaluate Quality of Life. : Twenty-seven patients with columnar-lined esophagus (CLE) metaplasia underwent laparoscopic Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication. Patients were submitted to close follow-up. : ...
Ono M - - 2013
Contemporary continuous-flow ventricular assist devices (CFVADs) have greatly improved patient survival for indications of bridge to transplantation (BTT) and destination therapy. In Japan, CFVAD is limited for BTT use. The waiting period for heart transplantation (HT) is long owing to donor shortage. We examined the results of CFVAD for BTT ...
Tellez Marisol - - 2013
Cariogram validity in schoolchildren: a two-year follow-up study. Campus G, Cagetti MG, Sale S, Carta G, Lingstrom P. Caries Res 2012;46(1):16-22. Marisol Tellez, BDS, MPH, PhD PURPOSE/QUESTION: The study sought to assess the effectiveness of the Cariogram to predict caries increment over a 2-year period Information not available Cohort study ...
Aggarwal Vivek - - 2013
Efficacy of articaine versus lidocaine in block and infiltration anesthesia administered in teeth with irreversible pulpitis: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Ashraf H, Kazem M, Dianat O, Noghrehkar F. J Endod 2013;39(1):6-10. Vivek Aggarwal, MDS PURPOSE/QUESTION: To determine whether inferior alveolar nerve block (with 4% articaine) combined with supplemental articaine ...
Zhang M - - 2013
To compare the health-related quality of life in patients with narrow gastric tube and whole stomach reconstructions after oncologic esophagectomy. In a prospective randomized single-center study from 2007 to 2008, 104 patients underwent esophagectomy for cancer. To assess health-related quality of life, the questionnaire (European Organization for Research and Treatment ...
Cho Kang Jun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the preoperative factors related to early quality of life (QoL) in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) during the surgeon's learning curve. The medical records of 82 patients with a follow-up period of at least ...
Zhou Ji-Bo - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the changes in visual function (VF) and quality of life (QOL) among patients following blindness prevention surgery in a rural area of Eastern China. The prospective study selected cataract patients via mobile eye screening camps. VF and QOL questionnaires originally developed by ...
Hadlock Shane S Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2013
Open-access (OA) colonoscopy may increase efficiency and decrease wait times; however, because the patient is seen for the first time at the endoscopy appointment, previous processes, such as information about the procedure, preparation and appropriate triage, may be suboptimal. To identify factors associated with OA colonoscopy and to determine the ...
Karanicolas Paul J PJ Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2013
Gastrectomy remains a major operation with potential for significant deterioration in patients' health-related quality of life (QOL). This study assessed differences in QOL among patients after distal (DG), proximal (PG), or total (TG) gastrectomy. We prospectively enrolled patients undergoing gastrectomy at our institution between 2002 and 2007. Participants completed the ...
Jacobs Jeffrey P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Short postoperative ventilation times are accepted as a marker of quality. This analysis assesses center level variation in postoperative ventilation time in a subset of patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: In 2009 and 2010, 325,129 patients in the STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database underwent isolated ...
Biondo Sebastiano - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: We compare the results of 2 different strategies for the management of patients with uncomplicated left colonic diverticulitis and to analyze differences in quality of life and economic costs. BACKGROUND:: The most frequent standard management of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis still is hospital admission both in Europe and United States. ...
Rodríguez-Pérez M - - 2013
Purpose: Alveolar osteitis (AO) is the most common postoperative complication of dental extractions. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 1% versus 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gel in reducing postoperative AO after surgical extraction of mandibular third molars, and assess the impact of treatment on the Oral ...
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