Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1924
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Eisenstein Eric L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Positive Impact of EndoVascular Options for Treating Aneurysms Early (PIVOTAL) trial enrolled individuals with small (4.0- to 5.0-cm diameter) abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) and reported no difference in rupture or aneurysm-related death for patients who received early endovascular repair (EVAR) vs surveillance with serial imaging studies. We evaluated ...
Liu Hmin - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: We performed a meta-analysis to compare the efficacies of entecavir and telbivudine in treatment-naive hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg)-positive Asian patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS:: Randomized controlled trials (January 1, 2000 to March 30, 2012) directly comparing entecavir 0.5 mg/d and telbivudine 600 mg/d, used for a minimum ...
Dähnhardt-Pfeiffer Stephan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The skin barrier plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis. The quality of the skin barrier can be assessed using a new semi-quantitative method to measure intercellular lipid lamellae. This procedure was used to evaluate the influence of the topical application of the calcineurin inhibitor tacrolimus ...
Borges Edson E - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the results of intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection (IMSI) between cycles in which the swim-up (SUP) or the density gradient centrifugation (DGC) techniques were used for sperm preparation. METHODS: We evaluated 70 IMSI cycles performed in women with age ≤ 37 years, undergoing IMSI as result of male ...
Modesto Paulo Cesar - - 2013
Objective: To compare the functional electrical stimulation associated with functional kinesiotherapy alone in patients after ischemic cerebrovascular accident. Methods: The study included 20 patients who were divided into two groups: Group I (GI): functional electrical stimulation plus functional kinesiotherapy and Group II (GII): functional kinesiotherapy. We evaluated active and passive ...
Ahammad M U - - 2013
Abstract 1. The objective of this study was to examine whether addition of plumping fluid (PF) to Lake's solution (LS) for storage of fowl spermatozoa in vitro at 4°C can prolong survival and improve the quality of spermatozoa. 2. In experiment 1, aliquots of spermatozoa were stored in vitro in ...
Tan B Y - - 2013
PURPOSE. To report 18 patients who underwent tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using a retrograde intramedullary nail or cannulated screws. METHODS. 10 men and 8 women (19 ankles) aged 36 to 70 (mean, 52) years underwent tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using a retrograde intramedullary nail (n=13) or cannulated screws (n=6). Indications for arthrodesis were severe ...
Bayraktar Onur - - 2013
PURPOSE:: To present the authors' preliminary experience with covered self-expandable metallic stents in the palliation of malignant cervical esophageal strictures. METHODS:: Covered self-expandable metallic stents were placed into the cervical esophagus of 6 patients with malignant cervical esophageal strictures under fluoroscopic guidance. RESULTS:: Stent placement was technically successful in all ...
Schiebler Mark L - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of MR angiography for pulmonary embolism (MRA-PE) in symptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients whom were evaluated for possible pulmonary embolism (PE) using MRA-PE. A 3-month and 1-year from MRA-PE electronic medical record (EMR) review was performed. Evidence for venous thromboembolism ...
Alentorn-Geli Eduard - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the short-term changes in quality of life for patients younger than 80 years with those 80 years and older undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It was hypothesized that patients 80 years and older had a similar quality of life after TKA compared ...
Zacharias Céline - - 2013
Quality of life data after digestive surgery in malnourished, elderly patients are rarely reported. What can we expect as 1-year outcomes in these high-risk patients after digestive surgery? We conducted a prospective observational study in a digestive surgery department in a tertiary, nonacademic hospital in Mulhouse, France. Malnourished, older patients ...
Gavrilescu Simona S Discipline of Pediatric Surgery and Orthopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy ''Grigore T. Popa", - - 2013
To assess the long-term quality of life (QoL) and symptoms experienced by patients who underwent esophageal replacement for congenital and acquired children esophageal pathology. The study group comprised 71 patients divided into 2 groups, group I: 34 patients who underwent gastric tube esophagoplasty, and group II: 37 patients who underwent ...
Ravinsky Robert A RA Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, - - 2013
Study Design Systematic review. Study Rationale To seek out and assess the best quality evidence available comparing opening wedge osteotomy (OWO) and closing wedge osteotomy (CWO) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis to determine whether their results differ with regard to several different subjective and objective outcome measures. Objective The aim of this study ...
Pellicer-Chover Hilario H Student of the Master's Degree in Surgery and Implant Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Valencia, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of articaine at 4% (epinephrine 1:100,000) with bupivacaine at 0.5% (epinephrine 1:200,000) for surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. This was a randomized, double blind, split-mouth, clinical trial. Thirty-six patients took part and underwent extraction of 72 lower ...
Thompson R - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare patient-reported quality-of-life scores after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) compared to conventional surgery using the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ). METHODS: A postal questionnaire based on the AVVQ was sent out to 105 patients who underwent RFA and 50 patients who underwent surgery ...
Yanagawa Bobby - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The Cox-Maze procedure (CM) for atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a high rate of sinus restoration. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of concomitant CM using an argon-based cryosurgical platform only. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively for 250 consecutive patients undergoing concomitant cryosurgical CM. We examined baseline ...
Lozano Sánchez F S - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Chronic venous disease (CVD) is a frequent disorder with a high socioeconomic impact. Little is known about the possible differences between healed ulcer (C5 group) and active ulcer (C6 group) in terms of disease severity and quality of life (QoL). Our aim was to determine the possible differences in ...
Vecchioli-Scaldazza Carlo - - 2013
Aims: This study compared the effectiveness of solifenacin succinate (SS) versus percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) in women with overactive bladder syndrome (OABS). Methods: A randomized controlled crossover study of 40 women with OABS was performed. Patients were randomized into two groups. In group A, patients received SS and then ...
Hinterseher Irene - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the long-term quality of life (QOL) in patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) undergoing surveillance or after operative treatment. METHODS: 249 patients with AAAs completed the WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) test and Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) survey: ...
Wittbrodt Piotr - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: The effects of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) on patient-centered outcome measures have not been fully described in patients with severe sepsis. We assessed health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and the occurrence of pruritus in patients with severe sepsis randomized to resuscitation with HES 130/0.42 or Ringer's acetate. METHODS: We did ...
Kim Mia - - 2013
AIM: For any surgical treatment of full thickness rectal prolapse little attention has been given to quality of life (QoL). This study prospectively evaluated continence, constipation and QoL after perineal rectosigmoidectomy for full-thickness rectal prolapse in young and elderly patients in the long term. METHOD: From May 2003 to May ...
Toeg Hadi D - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative neurocognitive deficits (POCDs) have been found to occur frequently after cardiac surgery. Although POCDs have received significant attention in the medical literature and public media, the true clinical impact of these deficits on patient outcomes and quality of life (QOL) is not well defined. METHODS: Neuropsychometric testing was ...
Turcot Katia - - 2013
The objective of this study was to investigate how gait and clinical outcomes contribute to patients' satisfaction three months following a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Seventy-eight patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and a control group of twenty-nine subjects were evaluated. The gait parameters, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index ...
Kim S Y - - 2013
BACKGROUND: /st>Emergence agitation is common after nasal surgery. We investigated the effects of intraoperative dexmedetomidine infusion on emergence agitation and quality of recovery after nasal surgery in adult patients. METHODS: /st>One hundred patients undergoing nasal surgery were randomized into two groups. The dexmedetomidine group (Group D, n=50) received dexmedetomidine infusion ...
de Aquino Marcello Simão - - 2013
There are increasingly more patients seeking minimally invasive procedures, which have become more effective and safer in reducing the signs of facial aging. This study included 40 female adult patients who voluntarily underwent selected minimally invasive procedures (filling with hyaluronic acid and botulinum toxin injection) for facial rejuvenation. All patients ...
Nafteux Philippe - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate baseline health-related quality of life (HRQL) factors that influence short-term outcome after oesophagectomy for cancer of the oesophagus and gastro-oesophageal junction and the effects of postoperative length of hospital stay on postoperative HRQL, as perceived by the patients themselves. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty-five patients operated on ...
Robert Maud - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Gastric banding remains a common procedure worldwide. Improving health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has become a major goal in the treatment of patients with chronic diseases, yet there are few comprehensive data regarding the effect of gastric banding on HRQOL. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ...
Rashid Hisham - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of pedal arch quality on the amputation-free survival and patency rates of distal bypass grafts and its direct impact on the rate of healing and time to healing of tissue loss after direct angiosome revascularization in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: Between ...
Nguyen Jesse T - - 2013
PURPOSE: There is controversy about performing reduction mammaplasty in younger patients. Although no studies show poor surgical outcomes, a paucity of data exists on long-term outcomes and satisfaction. METHODS: A single center mixed-mode mail and telephone surveyed 203 women who underwent reduction mammaplasty for symptomatic macromastia between 1985 and 2005, ...
Bedrosian Jeffrey C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic skull-base surgery (ESBS) is a minimal access approach to cranial base pathology; however, it significantly disrupts the intranasal mucosa and intranasal structures, the long-term effects of which are still being studied. We prospectively assessed postoperative changes in sinonasal QOL symptoms following ESBS. METHODS: Eighty-five patients were prospectively assessed ...
Carlson Josh J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) secondary to a neurogenic pathology, including spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis, is termed neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO). Patients with NDO experience decreased quality of life and are at risk for upper urinary tract damage. Two recent trials demonstrated that onabotulinumtoxinA significantly reduced UI, improved urodynamic ...
Castricini Roberto - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Modern semiconstrained reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has shown a great improvement in function and range of motion (ROM) in different etiologies, including revision surgery, sequelae of fractures, or tumors. Few studies have evaluated RSA for primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis, massive rotator cuff tear, or cuff tear arthropathy excluding any other ...
Impellizzeri Franco M - - 2013
Outcome is best assessed with both generic and disease-specific instruments, but using many, lengthy questionnaires increases the burden, quality, and cost of data collection.We evaluated a short, hip-oriented Core Outcome Measures Index (COMI-hip), comprising six items (pain, function, symptom-specific well-being, quality of life, and disability) extracted from established full-length questionnaires; ...
Effer Brian R - - 2013
Summary For Salmo salar, there is a lack of information on the morphology of the first blastomeres formed during embryonic development and which could be used as a diagnostic tool for the first stages of development. The purpose of this investigation, therefore, was to characterize morphometrically the first blastomeres of ...
Liu Xiaodong - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in bowel preparation methods, the quality of bowel preparation in some patients undergoing colonoscopy remains unsatisfactory. The effect of telephone re-education (TRE) on the day before colonoscopy on the quality of bowel preparation and other outcome measures had not been studied. METHODS: A prospective colonoscopist-blinded study was ...
Grant John A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: It is currently unclear as to whether there is a difference in the clinical effectiveness of an arthroscopic capsular release compared to a manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA) in patients with recalcitrant idiopathic adhesive capsulitis. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using computerized keyword searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the ...
Barclay Robert L - - 2013
To compare the quality and tolerance of esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)-assisted and conventional split-dose polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution for inpatient colonoscopy. The study was a randomized controlled trial in hospitalized patients. Hospitalized patients undergoing colonoscopy the day following EGD for evaluation of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding or other symptoms. Patients randomized to either ...
Tang Xiang - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patient quality of life and sexual function are improved after the tension-free vaginal tape SECUR (TVT-S) procedure (H-type). DESIGN: Prospective study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Single-center hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty-three women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) (high urethral mobility) and no concomitant pelvic floor ...
Livbjerg Anna Emilie - - 2013
The purpose was to investigate risk factors for postoperative stiffness and long-term outcome following manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA). In one of the five Danish regions, all patients in a 4-year period who received MUA following total knee arthroplasty (N=36) were included in two case-control studies. Data on potential risk factors ...
Kluth Luis Alex - - 2013
Objective: Only few comparative reports about different urethroplasties have been published, addressing success rate (SR), adverse events (AE) and quality of life (QoL). Purpose: To evaluate SR, AE, and QoL in a contemporary cohort of patients undergoing urethroplasty in the short-term follow-up (FU). Material and methods: Between 12/2008 and 06/2010, ...
Gorphe Philippe - - 2013
Endoscopic laser medial arytenoidectomy for bilateral vocal fold paralysis has the advantage of preserving the structure and the position of the vocal fold, contrary to a transverse cordotomy or total arytenoidectomy. Our objective was to evaluate the functional results of this procedure. This is a prospective non-randomized study. Twenty patients ...
Abrams Geoffrey D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Anecdotal evidence from second-look hip arthroscopies and animal studies has suggested spontaneous labral regrowth may occur after débridement. However, these observations have not been systematically confirmed. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We (1) determined whether labral regrowth occurs after débridement in human hips; (2) if so, described the characteristics of the reconstituted labrum; ...
Wallace Sarah K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: <0.001]; n=6 studies; I(2)=0.0%; P for heterogeneity=0.9). Likewise, survivors were significantly more likely to have received chest compression rates closer to 85 to 100 compressions per minute (cpm) than nonsurvivors (absolute mean difference from 85 cpm, -4.81 cpm; 95% confidence interval, -8.19 to -1.43 [P=0.005]; from 100 cpm, -5.04 ...
Zeitani Jacob - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare early and long-term results of pectoralis muscle flap reconstruction with those of sternal rewiring following failed sternal closure. Primary outcomes of the study were survival and failure rate. Respiratory function, chronic pain and quality of life were also evaluated. METHODS: In ...
Kroll Tobias - - 2013
Sialendoscopy is an established, minimally invasive technique to diagnose and treat obstructive disorders of major salivary glands. Knowledge about patient satisfaction and quality of life is limited. All patients who underwent sialendoscopy were prospectively followed and evaluated. To determine the quality of life after sialendoscopy, an established questionnaire was evaluated ...
Moreno Pablo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the potential advantages and outcomes of the new Harmonic Focus™ (Focus) device compared to the Harmonic Scalpel™ ACS-14C in benign thyroid surgery. METHODS: A controlled randomised study was conducted in which the Focus was compared to former ACS-14C device in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy for multinodular goitre. ...
Vyas Deepti - - 2013
To describe a quality improvement initiative to improve deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis rates among hospitalized medicine patients. A standardized admission order-set with an embedded risk-assessment tool and DVT prophylaxis orders was developed. An audit 2 months after the intervention showed the use of optimal DVT prophylaxis was 91%, an increase ...
Forest Stephen J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Scarce literature exists describing the patterns of readmission after continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) implantation. These carry significant cost and quality of life implications. We sought to describe the etiology and pattern of readmission among patients receiving CF-LVADs. METHODS: Frequency, reason, urgency, and duration of readmission as ...
Lavinsky-Wolff Michelle - - 2013
ObjectiveTo assess quality-of-life outcomes in patients undergoing nasal tip surgery with the vertical dome division technique using validated instruments (Rhinoplasty Outcome Evaluation [ROE] and Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation [NOSE]).Study DesignCase series with planned data collection.SettingTertiary university center.Subject and MethodsPatients undergoing primary cosmetic and functional rhinoseptoplasty using vertical dome division were ...
Mashour George A - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Superiority of the modified Brice interview over quality assurance techniques in detecting intraoperative awareness with explicit recall has not been demonstrated definitively.METHODS:We studied a single patient cohort to compare the detection of definite awareness using a single modified Brice interview (postoperative day 28-30) versus quality assurance data (postoperative day 1).RESULTS:The ...
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