Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1232
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Faris P M - - 1996
Two hundred patients who were scheduled for a major elective orthopaedic operation were enrolled in a prospective study and were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Group 1 consisted of sixty patients who received recombinant human erythropoietin, 300 international units per kilogram of body weight per day; Group ...
Williams D L - - 1995
Thirty dogs with chronic superficial keratitis (CSK) were randomly assigned to treatment with 0.2 per cent cyclosporin ointment or 0.1 per cent dexamethasone drops. They were treated for six weeks and examined before and after three and six weeks of treatment, and then every three weeks without treatment until the ...
el Danaf A - - 1995
This review assess the influence of burn variables on patients' survival using epidemiological analysis of 144 patients admitted over a 2-year period, the overall mortality rate was 9.7 per cent. The risk of mortality in patients with 30-50 and 50-80 per cent total body surface area (TBSA) burns was 16 ...
Hussmann J - - 1995
Electrical injuries are unique with respect to low mortality rates, but very high rates of short- and long-term morbidity, and overall outcome. Controversy still exists regarding the advantages of one-stage debridement versus early serial debridement of necrotic tissue. The purpose of this study was a retrospective evaluation of treatment, morbidity ...
Desai D - - 1995
The clinical profile of patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PP-CMO) seen in the patient population in Durban, South Africa, is documented. Parameters such as age, multiparity, time of presentation and the role of hypertension in PP-CMO were evaluated. The study comprised 97 patients seen over a 4 year period. Group 1 ...
Olsson M - - 1995
To determine the influence of orthodontic treatment on mandibular function, a longitudinal study was initiated on 245 consecutive prospective orthodontic patients before and after the orthodontic treatment. Of the 245 referred patients, eight declined treatment and 27 moved to other parts of the country before the treatment was completed. Thus, ...
Cant P J - - 1995
A 7-9-year study was undertaken in 99 female patients (median age 20 years), 56 of whom had single and 43 multiple fibroadenomas (total 279). Thirty-four women with 58 masses (21 per cent) were lost to follow-up. Twenty-eight women with 73 masses (26 per cent) subsequently underwent excision at a median ...
Maziah W - - 1995
In this study, 31 cases of childhood empyema thoracis admitted over 4 1/2 years to the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, in Kelantan, Malaysia, were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-two males and nine females were included, with a mean age of 1.9 years (range: 26 days to 7 years). Frequent symptoms were fever, ...
Nachemson A L - - 1995
In a prospective study by the Scoliosis Research Society, 286 girls who had adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, a thoracic or thoracolumbar curve of 25 to 35 degrees, and a mean age of twelve years and seven months (range, ten to fifteen years) were followed to determine the effect of treatment with ...
Raine N M - - 1995
We report the results of a prospective pilot study of 54 adult patients undergoing tonsillectomy using the KTP-532 laser, designed to assess whether the technique would facilitate day-case adult tonsillectomy. Subjective and objective assessment at six hours post-operatively showed that only 43 per cent could, in our judgement, have been ...
Gilling-Smith G L - - 1995
Between 1983 and 1993, a total of 110 patients underwent elective repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. Mortality rate varied with the extent of repair: 26 per cent (five of 19) after type I repair, 42 per cent (eight of 19) after type II repair, 24 per cent (four of 17) ...
Nilner M - - 1995
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that the outcome of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is not influenced by condylar position, asymmetry, angle or structural bone changes. METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients (60 women, 20 men) with an age range of 6-81 years, referred to the Department of Stomatognathic Physiology, were included in the ...
Cirocco W C - - 1995
We present the sixth reported case of endoscopic electrocoagulation to successfully treat postoperative hemorrhage from a stapled colorectal anastomosis. A literature review revealed 17 patients with postoperative hemorrhage from a combined total of 775 patients (1.8 per cent) after stapled colorectal anastomosis requiring blood transfusion and/or emergency surgery. Twelve of ...
Thomas R - - 1995
The incidence, severity and pattern of post-intubation laryngotracheal sequelae in a 12 bed multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) were assessed in this prospective study. One-hundred and fifty consecutive patients requiring intubation for more than 24 hours for various indications were studied. Evaluation of the larynx and trachea was done using ...
Ballard W T - - 1995
Twenty-seven revision total hip arthroplasties were performed in patients who were at least eighty years old. The average duration of follow-up was five years. There were no perioperative deaths, and only 11 per cent (three) of the patients had a major complication; all of the complications resolved. The only re-revision ...
Singh B - - 1995
The place of conservative treatment in sinogenic orbital complications has not been fully explained in the literature. The question that remains unresolved is--at which stage of the disease is surgery indicated? A study was undertaken in 240 patients with sinogenic orbital complications, to determine this. The patients were divided into ...
Nather A - - 1995
Patients above the age of 60 with displaced femoral neck fractures are treated by hemiarthroplasty in Singapore because of our low life expectancy. This study evaluates the morbidity and mortality of 110 such patients operated on in our department between January 1990 and December 1992. It has clinical significance because ...
Patterson T - - 1995
BACKGROUND: High default rates have been reported from the Fife colposcopy clinic in recent years. However, it was felt that this rate was misleading, as many patients who defaulted initially attended subsequent appointments. It was therefore decided to determine the default rate of a cohort of new patients given appointments ...
Guo Z R - - 1995
In order to reduce excessive plasma loss, to alleviate the effects of devitalized tissues on the body, and to shorten the time in hospital, we attempted to perform extensive escharectomy during the shock period in extensively burned patients. Group A consisted of 21 patients, aged 9-45 years, with a mean ...
Nord K D - - 1995
We compared the effectiveness of antibiotics alone and in combination with arthroscopy, arthroscopy with debridement, arthrotomy, or needle aspiration for the treatment of septic arthritis. Each modality has its proponents, but, to our knowledge, no comparative studies have been conducted in animals. We used biochemical and histological analysis to compare ...
Alman B A - - 1995
A retrospective review was performed of the results of all allograft reconstructions that had been done after the resection of an osteosarcoma or an Ewing sarcoma in a skeletally immature patient between 1982 and 1989 at The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto. There were twenty-six patients. Six reconstructions were ...
Wigmore S J - - 1995
Restoration of intestinal continuity following Hartmann's procedure is associated with high morbidity (anastomotic leak rates 4-16 per cent) and mortality (0-4 per cent) rates. A total of 178 patients, under the care of seven different surgical units, underwent reversal of Hartmann's procedure during a 5-year period, representing the largest series ...
Chugh S N - - 1994
The results of an open randomized study on magnesium status and parenteral magnesium sulphate therapy in acute aluminium phosphide intoxication are presented. The study was conducted on 105 patients divided into two group (I & II). Patients of Group I did not receive parenteral magnesium and acted as blank. Magnesium ...
Saies A D - - 1994
The rates of survival of the amputated part and the functional outcomes were studied retrospectively after seventy-three replantations and eighty-nine revascularizations in the upper extremity in 120 children. All operations were performed between January 1974 and December 1988 after partial and complete amputations at various levels. The ages of the ...
Gurtner G C - - 1994
Between 1984 and 1992, 131 patients underwent two-team synchronous oesophagectomy for carcinoma. Some 95 per cent of tumours were successfully resected by this technique. In 5 per cent of patients the tumour was found to be irresectable at operation and gastric bypass was performed. The overall operative mortality rate was ...
Santos J C JC - - 1994
A total of 149 patients admitted for elective colorectal surgery were randomly allocated to receive preoperative mechanical bowel preparation (group 1) or no mechanical bowel preparation (group 2). All patients received antimicrobial prophylaxis with cephalothin and metronidazole. The overall incidence of wound infection was 17.4 per cent (24 per cent ...
McGrory B J - - 1994
Forty-two patients who had had an arthrodesis for instability of the cervical spine resulting from trauma were followed clinically for a minimum of seven years (median, seventeen years and six months). The ages of the patients at the time of the injury ranged from one year and eleven months to ...
Klevmark B - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of plication surgery for patients with congenital and acquired curvature of the penis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients with congenital curvature of the penis and 57 with induratio penis plastica were treated by plication of the tunica albuginea. Their average age was 23 and 56 ...
Farid H - - 1994
Hepatic resections have been associated with high mortality and morbidity; therefore, this procedure was not used frequently. With increasing safety, acceptance of the procedure grew. A review of recent series still reveals a strikingly high incidence of complications. However, in a review of the last 100 hepatic resections performed at ...
Henriksen F W - - 1994
During the years 1984-1992, 74 patients of mean age 45 (range 6-71) years with chronic pancreatic pseudocyst were treated by percutaneous cystogastrostomy. They comprised 45 men and 29 women. A diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis was verified in 55 patients (74 per cent); pain was the indication for treatment in all ...
Roberts E E - - 1994
Over a 1-year period, all patients attending a consultant orthodontist's new patient clinics in North Derbyshire and whose treatment plans involved active appliance treatment, were accepted into a prospective longitudinal study. In all 294 patients were included in the study. Subsequent to the consultant's new patient clinic the patients' active ...
Schmale G A - - 1994
We established a database of hereditary multiple exostoses for the state of Washington, on the basis of a retrospective review of the medical records and a clinical evaluation of family members, to determine the prevalence, clinical range of expression, and rate of malignant degeneration. The database comprised forty-six kindreds with ...
Nagawa H - - 1994
Postoperative pulmonary complications are often fatal in patients with oesophageal cancer. The influence of various preoperative and perioperative risk factors in the prediction of such complications was analysed. Some 170 oesophageal resections performed through a thoracotomy between January 1977 and December 1991 were reviewed. Twenty-two parameters generated from various medical ...
Abbott P V - - 1994
A survey of 100 patients referred to a specialist endodontic practice was undertaken to determine the frequency of various factors associated with continuing pain after endodontic treatment had been commenced by the patient's general dental practitioner. Information was obtained by questioning the patient, examining the tooth, reviewing information supplied by ...
Bunt T J - - 1994
An aggressive posture toward limb salvage in the elderly was assessed by retrospective review of a 5 year experience. A total of 302 primary lower extremity revascularizations and 465 primary major amputations were performed; of these, 62 per cent (472/767) were performed in patients 70 years or older (range 70-104, ...
Leong A P - - 1994
Stomal complications of ileostomy may occur many years after construction. An actuarial analysis of complications of 150 permanent end ileostomies constructed over a 10-year period is reported. By 20 years the incidence of stomal complications approached 76 per cent in patients operated on for ulcerative colitis and 59 per cent ...
Nel J H - - 1994
The role of thoracoscopy in assessing the status of the diaphragm in penetrating knife wounds of the left lower chest was studied prospectively in 55 patients. Those with positive thoracoscopic findings (n = 22) proceeded to exploratory laparotomy and those with an uninvolved diaphragm (n = 32) were observed. Thoracoscopy ...
Sumboonnanonda A - - 1994
Nephrotic syndrome in children is a very common disease in Thailand. Most of the patients respond well to oral prednisolone treatment but side effects of the drug especially adrenal insufficiency remains a threat to all. We studied the adrenal function by studying the response to ACTH stimulation test in 14 ...
Dawes P J - - 1994
Informed consent is an important aspect of surgery, yet there has been little inquiry as to what patients want to know before their operation. This study has questioned 50 patients within 3 months of an ENT (ear, nose and throat) operation. We found that most were happy to allow doctors ...
Yassin Y M - - 1994
Between 1975 and 1984, 419 patients with bleeding oesophagogastric varices were subjected to the simplified operation of highly selective devascularization. All but three were available for follow-up at 5-10 years. The overall mortality rates for urgent and elective operation were 8 and 2 per cent respectively. The overall recurrent bleeding ...
Frist W H - - 1994
Single lung transplantation (SLT) has emerged as routine therapy for selected patients with end-stage lung disease. This study examines the incidence of rejection, infection, and survival during the first posttransplant year. Twenty-one patients (12 male, 9 female; mean age 46 +/- 13 years) underwent 23 SLT procedures (12 left, 11 ...
Billing A - - 1994
Early prognostic evaluation of abdominal sepsis is desirable to select high-risk patients for more aggressive therapeutic procedures and to provide objective classification of the severity of disease. The reliability of the Mannheim peritonitis index was assessed and its predictive power for different populations examined in a study of 2003 patients ...
Braga M - - 1994
The effectiveness of perioperative administration of thymopentin in preventing postoperative infection was evaluated in 206 patients with cancer (54 gastric, 152 colorectal) who underwent elective major surgery. Comparable subsets of patients were obtained with respect to age (proportion over 65 years) and nutritional status (patients with serum albumin level less ...
Reig A - - 1994
This study describes the epidemiology and mortality of patients with burns involving over 30 per cent of the body surface who were hospitalized between 1 January 1988 and 1 January 1990. During this period 302 patients were hospitalized (8.1 per cent of those treated); of these, 52 (16.7 per cent) ...
McIlroy B - - 1994
A total of 148 patients of mean age 61 years with acute gastrointestinal disease who were assessed as requiring preoperative resuscitation were studied. Overall, the mortality rate was 14.2 per cent and the morbidity rate 50.7 per cent. Resuscitation was associated with a mean(s.e.m.) improvement in predicted mortality rate of ...
Ramirez P - - 1994
Over a 10-year period, 2610 patients underwent operation for biliary lithiasis. Exploratory choledochotomy was indicated in 591 patients (22.6 per cent). This was followed by simple choledochorrhaphy over a T tube in 240 patients (40.6 per cent), transduodenal sphincterotomy and choledochorrhaphy over a T tube in 126 (21.3 per cent), ...
Bartoov B - - 1994
The aim of the study described here was to determine the possible contribution of the acrosin activity test to routine semen analysis in enhancing the precision of the prognosis of IVF success in a group of patients in which the contribution of the egg factor to infertility was ruled out ...
Jibril J A - - 1994
To assess changes in the pattern of admission and operation for duodenal ulcer in Scotland, data recorded on Scottish Medical Records forms for the years 1975-1990 were analysed. The overall admission rate fell by 38 per cent from 157 to 98 per 100,000 population while the number of operations per ...
Brans T A - - 1994
A retrospective study followed by a clinical examination was carried out 2-5 years postburn to analyse the long-term results of the treatment of scalds in children (n = 45) with glycerol-preserved allografts. In 21 patients (47 per cent), the wounds healed spontaneously. In 24 patients, remaining defects were closed by ...
Hickerson W L - - 1994
Cultured epidermal autografts (CEA) have been shown to be an effective permanent skin replacement for major burn injuries, but are more sensitive to adverse conditions than split thickness grafts (Clarke et al., 1988). Cuono et al. (1986, 1987) have described the successful use of engrafted allodermis as a wound bed ...
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