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Results 351 - 400 of 1242
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Saenghirunvattana S - - 1997
Ten asthmatic patients were enrolled in our study of the effects of dry powder formoterol fumarate. The onset was 2-5 minutes and a long duration of action (over 12 hours) appeared. The mean baseline FEV1 was 1.67 liters (49-74%). Mean reversibility was 17 per cent (range 15-19%). There was no ...
Kusunoki M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Coloanal anastomosis and radiotherapy for the treatment of lower rectal carcinoma have been receiving increasing attention. METHODS: Patients with rectal cancer were divided into two groups: anoabdominal rectal resection and colonic J pouch-anal anastomosis (CAA) plus preoperative intraluminal brachytherapy (IBT) (group 1; 68 patients) and CAA without IBT (group ...
Chugh S N - - 1997
The anti-peroxidant effect of intravenous magnesium was evaluated in 50 patients with acute aluminium phosphide poisoning. The patients were divided into two groups, one who received magnesium sulphate therapy (Group I) and the other who did not (Group II). The clinical and biochemical parameters in both groups were comparable. Finding ...
Sochart D H - - 1997
We determined the long-term results of total hip replacement in a series of young patients who had ankylosing spondylitis. Between 1966 and 1978, forty-three Charnley low-friction arthroplasties were performed in twenty-four patients who had an average age of 28.8 years (range, nineteen to thirty-nine years) at the time of the ...
Mackay C A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A few patients with critical limb ischaemia are believed to be too unfit for an attempt at revascularization using conventional anaesthesia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken of 46 revascularization procedures performed in high-risk patients for critical limb ischaemia between 1989 and 1995, in which local anaesthetic techniques were ...
Tschill P - - 1997
In this study the occlusal characteristics of the deciduous dentition in a sample of young children were investigated to determine whether consensual trends exists, and if the occlusal characteristics in the primary dentition may be considered as acceptable predictors for occlusal relationships in the permanent dentition. Four hundred and seven ...
Schneeberger A G - - 1997
Forty-one consecutive patients were managed for post-traumatic osteoarthrosis or dysfunction of the elbow with use of a non-customized semiconstrained Coonrad-Morrey total elbow prosthesis. The average age at the time of the operation was fifty-seven years (range, thirty-two to eighty-two years). The patients were followed for an average of five years ...
Ma S K - - 1997
Seventy-three consecutive cases of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed and managed in Queen Mary Hospital over a 10-year period from 1985 to 1994 were retrospectively analysed for their presenting features and treatment outcome. The 48 boys and 25 girls ranged in age from 0.4 to 14.2 years (median: 4.3 ...
Gilliland R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to determine outcome and to identify predictors of success for biofeedback for constipation. METHODS: Patients who had at least one biofeedback session were evaluated whether or not they completed a treatment course. Parameters assessed included use of cathartics, number of spontaneous bowel movements per week, ...
Angyo I A - - 1997
The clinical predictors of outcome in children admitted into the Emergency Paediatric Unit at the Jos University Teaching Hospital with meningococcal infection during an out-break of the disease (between February-April 1996) were studied. Eighty seven children were admitted with meningococcal infection during the period. There were 60 males and 27 ...
Singh V - - 1997
Prior to flexible transnasal endoscopy (FTE) topical intranasal agents such as cocaine or combinations of a local anaesthetic and vasoconstrictor agent are generally recommended for local anaesthesia, easier access, and better examination of the interior of the nose, especially the middle meatus. This double-blind study involved 60 patients. Each had ...
Carragee E J - - 1997
I retrospectively reviewed the records of 111 patients who had pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis unrelated to an open procedure on the spine. The mean age at the time of the diagnosis was sixty years (range, eighteen to eighty-four years); sixty-one patients (55 per cent) were sixty years old or more. Forty-four ...
Peltola M K - - 1997
The effect of complete denture renewal on oral health was evaluated both subjectively and clinically at follow-up 30 months (range 19-36 months) after completion of treatment in 42 edentulous patients (31 women and 11 men, aged 34-76 years) treated by dental students during 1989-1992. Ninety per cent of the patients ...
Berger G - - 1997
This retrospective study was undertaken to review the short- and long-term results of 70 revision and 16 re-revision myringoplasty operations. Of the former, 43 cases (61.4 per cent) had initial success, six weeks following surgery. The leading causes of immediate failure (27 cases) were associated with a complete no-take of ...
Romanos J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Restorative proctocolectomy is now the operation of choice for the definitive management of ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). METHODS: A total of 200 patients (117 male, 83 female) underwent restorative proctocolectomy over a 12-year period. Information in a dedicated prospective database was supplemented by chart review. Some ...
Morrison D S - - 1997
We performed a retrospective study of 616 patients (636 shoulders) who had subacromial impingement syndrome to assess the results of non-operative treatment. The diagnosis was made on the basis of a positive impingement sign and the absence of other abnormalities of the shoulder, such as full-thickness tears of the rotator ...
Colterjohn N R - - 1997
We compared the donor site morbidity in fifty-seven consecutive patients in whom a bone graft had been procured from the iliac crest through an incision parallel to the superior cluneal nerves and perpendicular to the posterior iliac crest (the study group) with that in fifty-three consecutive patients in whom the ...
Paddle-Ledinek J E - - 1997
We have prepared and supplied cultured epithelial autografts (CEA) to treat 37 burn patients around Australia. The method is a modification of the original methods of Green et al. The confluent 75 cm2 secondary cultures, obtained after less than 3 weeks, are 8-10 cell layers thick after detachment and have ...
Hepworth M J - - 1997
The principal modalities available to manage endodontic treatment failures are orthograde retreatment and apical surgery. Both modalities have specific advantages, clinical implications, and risks, and their selection involves a complex decision-making process. A review of the literature pertaining to the treatment outcome of each modality was undertaken to establish an ...
Ambrosetti P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The use of computed tomography (CT) in acute left colonic diverticulitis remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to define the value of CT both during the acute phase of inflammation and, later, to indicate secondary complications after successful medical treatment. METHODS: Some 423 patients with radiologically or ...
Dawson I - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) has been described as a 'sinister harbinger of sudden catastrophe'. This review seeks to provide data regarding the epidemiological aspects, natural history, clinical presentation and results of treatment to help clinicians make appropriate decisions. METHODS: A systematic review of data in the English language ...
Tan N W - - 1997
There were at least 56 local and 42 foreign patients seen in Singapore between 1976 and 1995 inclusively. The local incidence rate is 1 in 15789 live-births, and there appears to be no predilection for sex and race. Ninety-eight per cent presented before the age of five with the average ...
Green M J - - 1997
During a three-year study, 54 cows with toxic mastitis were allocated randomly to one of three treatment groups (A, B and C). Each cow was re-examined within 24 hours of the initial examination, and, during this time, group A received fluid therapy (45 liters of intravenous isotonic electrolyte solution) and ...
Abdullah A M - - 1997
During a period of 5 years, 42 cases of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease were studied. An outstanding finding in our patients was occult bacteraemia, which was detected in 13 (31 per cent) patients. Other clinical conditions encountered were nine (21 per cent) patients with pneumonia, nine (21 ...
Prakanrattana U - - 1997
The study of tracheal extubation time in pediatric patients who underwent open heart surgery was performed in the period of 1990-1991 (group 1) and 1992-May 1994 (group 2), composed of 174 and 208 cases in group 1 and group 2 respectively. The criteria for extubation in these patients are convention ...
Koval K J - - 1997
One hundred and four patients who had a minimally displaced fracture of the proximal part of the humerus (a so-called one-part fracture) were managed with a standardized therapy regimen and followed for more than one year. The clinical outcome was assessed on the basis of pain, function, and the range ...
Kaneda K - - 1997
One hundred and fifty consecutive patients who had a burst fracture of the thoracolumbar spine and associated neurological deficits were managed with a single-stage anterior spinal decompression, strut-grafting, and Kaneda spinal instrumentation. At a mean of eight years (range, five years to twelve years and eleven months) after the operation, ...
Mäkelä J T - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study was aimed to evaluate the late complications of ostomy surgery in a strictly followed patient population of a university hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An actuarial analysis of the complications of 156 patients with permanent ostomies using the life-table method was performed. RESULTS: The crude and ...
Moore M M - - 1997
Fibrin sealant (FS) has been used successfully as an effective adhesive and hemostatic agent in a variety of surgical procedures. At the University of Virginia, autologous fibrin sealant is used to reduce the potential accumulation of serous fluid after axillary dissection in patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy (MRM) for carcinoma ...
Barber M D - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The existence of appendiceal inflammation which resolves spontaneously without surgical intervention has long been controversial. This study was undertaken, therefore, to determine the existence and incidence of recurrent appendicitis. METHODS: The existence of a large database of patients with abdominal pain enabled a retrospective study of the casenotes of ...
Vasquez J C - - 1997
We present a review of 240 patients with penetrating thoracic injuries seen in a period of 10 years at a general university hospital in Lima, Peru. The majority of the patients were young males who suffered stab wounds (76.2 per cent). The most frequent symptoms were thoracic pain (N = ...
Splavski B - - 1996
Between 1991 and 1994, 21 patients with war missile injuries of the spine and spinal cord were treated; there were 17 men and four women, with a mean age 30.7 years; 52.4 per cent were civilians. The wounds were caused by shells (54.6 per cent) and bullets (45.4 per cent). ...
Hunt J P - - 1996
Although splenectomy was the preferred method of treating the injured spleen in the past, the methods of splenorrhaphy and nonoperative management have appeared to gain in popularity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the management of splenic injuries has changed over the course of time and if ...
Schreck P - - 1996
Varicella, commonly known as chickenpox, is a common viral infection in children. An estimated 3.5 million cases occur annually in the United States. Serious musculoskeletal complications such as osteomyelitis and necrotizing fasciitis, although uncommon, can be life and limb-threatening. The purpose of the current study was to determine the association ...
Ranger W R - - 1996
A total of 325 patients, aged 80 to 92 (mean 82), underwent cardiac operations with cardiopulmonary bypass over a 4-year period (1991-1995). Hypothermia (22 degrees C) and hyperkalemic cardioplegia were used in each. Coronary bypass procedures only (Group I) were performed in 255 patients with 22 early deaths (8.6%), and ...
Kitaoka H B - - 1996
Two hundred and four primary Mayo total ankle arthroplasties were performed in 179 patients at the Mayo Clinic from 1974 through 1988. We evaluated the clinical result after 160 arthroplasties in 143 patients who had been followed for two years or more (mean, nine years; range, two to seventeen years). ...
Parikh D - - 1996
A 3-year prospective study of the learning curve for D2 gastrectomy was carried out by one surgeon beginning to perform the operation independently after intensive specialist training. Some 38 patients were treated; there were four postoperative deaths and 22 patients had complications. Postoperative morbidity decreased significantly with time (rS = ...
Levi N - - 1996
A total of 59 (13.5 per cent) of 437 patients with cervical hip fractures died within the first 3 months, compared with an expected mortality rate of 2.6 per cent in the comparable general population (P < 0.05). The average age at death was 86 years (range, 62-98). The 3-months ...
Bang R L - - 1996
The burns intensive care unit at IBN Sina Hospital reopened in July 1991, following the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait and the Gulf War. Epidemiology and mortality of 162 burn patients with 30 per cent and over total body surface area (TBSA) burns, treated from July 1991 to December 1994, is ...
Milheiro A - - 1996
The results of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a group of 52 patients older than 69 years (group 1) were compared with the results of the same operation in a group of 338 younger patients (group 2). In group 1, 23 per cent of patients had acute cholecystitis and 13 per cent ...
Kum C K - - 1996
The 'French' and 'American' techniques of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, which differ in the position of the surgeon and ports, have not been compared directly. The authors' hypothesis was that the 'French' technique results in better postoperative pulmonary function than the 'American' technique. Patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy were randomized, 25 patients to ...
Piotrowski J J - - 1996
Colonic ischemia is an often fatal complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. In elective AAA repair, patency of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) has been shown to be an important contributing factor. The purpose of this study was to determine which clinical and operative factors are important in the ...
McAuliffe F - - 1996
Menorrhagia affects 20-30% of healthy women, many of whom undergo hysterectomy. In recent years, transcervical resection of the endometrium (TCRE) has become an alternative surgical option. This observational study assesses patient satisfaction following TCRE. The case notes of 55 patients who had a TCRE in the Coombe Womens' Hospital, Dublin, ...
Poduri K R - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes in stroke patients with two different methods of admission to an inpatient unit. Patients' outcomes were studied for 3 years. Admission screening was performed either by a physiatrist (group I, n = 93) or by a nurse practitioner (group II, n ...
Hastings H H - - 1996
We retrospectively reviewed the records of eighty-nine consecutive patients (ninety wrists) who had had a total arthrodesis of the wrist for the treatment of a post-traumatic disorder at one center. Fifty-six patients (fifty-seven wrists) had the arthrodesis with plate fixation, and thirty-three patients (thirty-three wrists) had the arthrodesis with a ...
Madsen M S - - 1996
The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of prophylactic penicillin treatment on the infection rate in patients with traumatic wounds of hands or feet with underlying lesions of bone, tendon or joint. A total of 599 patients were randomized to double-blind treatment with either (A) one injection ...
Robertson G S - - 1996
Thoracoscopically assisted Ivor-Lewis oesophagectomy potentially combines the pulmonary advantages of transhiatal oesophageal dissection, with the visibility and control permitted by thoracotomy. This study reviewed 17 patients who underwent this procedure with an intrathoracic anastomosis. Five patients required conversion to thoracotomy, four because of technical difficulties with the anastomosis. After operation ...
Giardiello F M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Sulindac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, causes regression of colorectal adenomas in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) but the response is variable. Specific clinical factors predictive of sulindac induced regression have not been studied. METHODS: 22 patients with FAP were given sulindac 150 mg orally twice a day. Polyp ...
Tong M C - - 1996
Active chronic suppurative otitis media poses a management problem when patients are being considered for surgical treatment. Topical antibiotics have demonstrated varying degrees of success in the management of discharging ears. The introduction of quinolones has revived interest in these topical agents. This double-blind study compares two antibiotics, namely ofloxacin ...
Wong W K - - 1996
This study evaluated early postoperative serum calcium concentration as a predictor of hypocalcaemic symptoms and the need for calcium supplements. A total of 64 consecutive patients undergoing curative parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism were studied. Twenty patients (31 per cent) developed hypocalcaemic symptoms requiring calcium supplements. Plasma calcium levels in the ...
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