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Results 301 - 350 of 1232
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Leary A C - - 1999
We investigated the long-term outcome of treatment in 159 patients with hyperthyroidism first seen between 1979 and 1992. Median duration of follow-up was 10 1/2 years. We also inquired into current practice for the follow-up of hyperthyroidism by other endocrinologists in Ireland. Seven cases of unrecognised hyperthyroidism (4 per cent) ...
Chiou T S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: This report examines the intermediate-term results of endoscopic transaxillary T2 sympathectomy for palmar hyperhidrosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was carried out of 91 consecutive patients, 38 men and 53 women, with a mean age of 23 years. Attention was focused on patient satisfaction, late complications and morbidity. RESULTS: After ...
Güney E - - 1998
In this study, the cure and functional results of 133 functional neck dissections performed between 1992-1997 in Erciyes University Medical Faculty were evaluated. The overall recurrence rate was three per cent. This rate was 1.4 per cent for elective functional neck dissections and five per cent for curative functional neck ...
Marufu T - - 1998
It has been observed that the occurrence of respiratory complications and diarrhoea among measles cases has changed over time but this change has not been quantified. A study was carried out in the city of Gweru, Zimbabwe, to quantify these changes. Rates of respiratory complications and diarrhoea among measles cases ...
Gormley N - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To examine the safety and efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients over the age of 75 years. METHOD: Retrospective study of all patients over 75 years treated with ECT in three hospitals between 1995 and 1997. RESULTS: Ninety-three ECT courses were administered during the study period. Ten patients ...
Poon R T - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Emergency colorectal surgery in the elderly has been associated with a high mortality rate. Although the current trend for the management of obstructing left-sided colorectal carcinoma favours primary resection and anastomosis, the safety and benefits of this approach in the elderly have not been studied. METHODS: Some 57 elderly ...
Mortimore S - - 1998
Thirty patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the laryngopharynx were treated with surgery (total laryngectomy and hemithyroidectomy) and radiotherapy. Group 1 (n = 7) patients had surgery only; Group 2 (n = 7) had radiotherapy followed by salvage surgery while Group 3 (n = 16) had surgery followed by radiotherapy. ...
Serna D L - - 1998
The success of "fast-track" accelerated recovery pathways in improving patient outcomes after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) has prompted expanded application. Although initially used only in routine cases, higher-risk cohorts may also benefit from this collection of management techniques. Twenty-seven consecutive patients with ejection fractions (EFs) less than or ...
Kavanagh E G - - 1998
Ninety-six consecutive above-knee femoropopliteal bypasses, using polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) preferentially, were performed for limb-threatening ischaemia. Cumulative primary graft patency was 68 per cent, 49 per cent and 36 per cent and limb salvage 93 per cent, 85 per cent and 75 per cent at 1, 3 and 5 yr respectively. As ...
Beredjiklian P K - - 1998
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records, operative reports, and preoperative and postoperative radiographs of thirty-nine patients who had been managed operatively for malunion of a fracture of the proximal aspect of the humerus. The malunions were categorized according to the presence of osseous abnormalities, including malposition of the greater or ...
Wilson M S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify patients admitted with adhesional obstruction to determine if there was an identifiable pattern to the type of initial operation, the type of treatment used for the obstructive episode and the subsequent need for further treatment. METHODS: Patients with adhesional obstruction were ...
Ghauri A S - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of a vascular-led community service on the outcome of chronic leg ulcers. DESIGN: Before and after study. METHOD: Healing and recurrence were compared between ulcerated limbs (n = 149) from a random sample of 200 patients treated in the community and consecutive limbs (n = ...
Warwick D - - 1998
We conducted a prospective, randomized trial to compare the safety and effectiveness of the A-V Impulse System foot pump with that of low-molecular-weight heparin for reducing the prevalence of deep-vein thrombosis after total hip replacement. Of 290 patients who were to have a primary total hip replacement, 143 were randomized ...
Wareing M J - - 1998
Our ongoing evaluation of the results of laser assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP) for snoring is presented. Follow-up between 18 and 24 months post-treatment completion, of patients with a successful result at six months, reveals that 22 per cent of these patients suffer failure of snoring control between these two evaluation points. ...
Meagher A P - - 1998
AIM: The purpose of the study was to determine the risk of postoperative complications and the functional outcome after a hand-sewn ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis using a single J-shaped pouch design. METHODS: Preoperative function, operative morbidity and long-term functional outcome were assessed prospectively in 1310 patients who ...
Soltani K - - 1998
In order to assist with the prevention of burn injuries the epidemiology of burns in Tehran was investigated. In a retrospective study, 1239 files of patients who were living in Tehran and were injured between March 1994 and March 1995 were studied. Sixty-three per cent of patients were male and ...
Bartels H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Postoperative mortality after oesophagectomy for oesophageal cancer depends largely on the preoperative physiological status of the patient. METHODS: A composite scoring system to predict the risk of oesophagectomy based on objective preoperative parameters was developed based on a retrospective review of patients operated on and evaluated prospectively in two ...
Fabre J M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The advantages of pancreatogastrostomy over pancreatojejunostomy after pancreaticoduodenectomy are still debated. This study analyses the results of pancreatogastrostomy to identify factors that could influence immediate outcome. METHODS: During a 10-year period, 160 consecutive patients underwent a pancreatogastrostomy. There were 109 men (68 per cent) and 51 women (32 per ...
Noonan K J - - 1998
We reviewed the results of distraction osteogenesis of 114 femora and 147 tibiae that had been lengthened to treat a variety of diagnoses. The femora had been lengthened an average of eleven centimeters (range, 3.5 to 17.0 centimeters), or 48 per cent (range, 8 to 86 per cent) of the ...
Sheldon I M - - 1998
Three commercial preparations for the treatment of bovine endometritis were compared: an intrauterine infusion of 1500 mg oxtytetracycline hydrochloride solution, an intramuscular injection of 500 micrograms cloprostenol (a synthetic analogue of prostaglandin F2 alpha), and an intramuscular injection of 3 mg oestradiol benzoate/500 kg estimated bodyweight. A total of 300 ...
Papagelopoulos P J - - 1998
We retrospectively reviewed the cases of seventy-two consecutive patients who had a lumbar discectomy, between 1950 and 1983, when they were sixteen years of age or younger. There were forty boys and thirty-two girls. At the time of the lumbar discectomy, twelve patients (17 per cent) also had a spinal ...
Galland R B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to define the cause of death in patients undergoing elective infrarenal aortic reconstruction. METHODS: Members of the Joint Vascular Research Group who had collected details prospectively of patients undergoing elective aortic reconstruction provided information on those who died. RESULTS: Details of 3786 patients were obtained. Some ...
Sperling J W - - 1998
Seventy-eight Neer hemiarthroplasties and thirty-six Neer total shoulder arthroplasties were performed at our institution, between January 1, 1976, and December 31, 1985, in ninety-eight patients who were fifty years old or less. Two patients (two shoulders) died, and four patients (four shoulders) were lost to follow-up. The remaining seventy-four hemiarthroplasties ...
Chamania S - - 1998
Early excision and skin grafting (EEG) is an established and accepted procedure for deep burn management. This is a retrospective analysis of 100 patients treated with early excision and grafting in burns of all types and up to 65 per cent TBSA. Excisional surgery was performed in the period from ...
Körner H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Structured preoperative data collection and computer-assisted methods are claimed to improve diagnostic accuracy in patients with acute abdominal pain. The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible age- and sex-related effect of using structured data collection in the preoperative diagnosis of patients with suspected acute appendicitis. METHODS: ...
Al-Mahroos F - - 1998
To identify the incidence and evaluate the causes of high mortality among Bahraini children with cystic fibrosis, we studied, retrospectively, 25 patients diagnosed as proven cases of cystic fibrosis at Sulmaniya Medical Center, the main referral center on the island, from January 1978 to December 1995. With extrapolation of the ...
Zeitlin R E - - 1998
Ninety-one patients with at least 5 per cent (median 10 per cent, maximum 50 per cent) total body surface area (TBSA) burns were clinically re-examined on average 17.3 yr after primary injury. The patients had sustained mostly superficial dermal scalds. The most common long-term functional sequelae were impaired tanning (n ...
Braithwaite B D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Peripheral thrombolysis is advocated by some as the best initial treatment for acute leg ischaemia; but this may not be true for elderly patients. This study reviewed the management of acute leg ischaemia in patients aged over 75 years. METHODS: Over a 5-year interval, 91 events of acute leg ...
Schmalzried T P - - 1998
Accumulating data suggest that the amount of use, and not simply the duration in situ, influences the wear and survival of total joint replacements. An electronic, digital pedometer was used to record the number of steps taken by 111 non-randomized volunteers who had had at least one total hip or ...
Botha S J - - 1998
Lactobacilli that are most frequently associated with active caries lesions in dentine were isolated and identified as part of a research project which aims to determine the role of the predominant species of these organisms in the carious process. Samples of carious dentine were collected from 12 patients with open ...
Rissam H S - - 1998
A centre for trans-telephonic electrocardiographic monitoring (TTEM) was established at the Escorts Heart Institute in May 1996. We have reviewed our experience in the first 398 patients. There were 321 males (81%) and 77 females (19%); their age range was 1 month to 95 years. Sixty-five per cent of patients ...
Heyworth P - - 1998
AIMS/BACKGROUND: Recurrent erosion syndrome encompasses a group of mixed aetiologies for which there are a number of methods of management which may influence the course of the disease. METHODS: The outcomes of a cohort of patients initially treated with topical lubricants were studied. 117 consecutive patients presenting over 1 year ...
Elisaf M - - 1997
The aim of our study was the determination of fractional excretion of magnesium (FEMg++) in both normal subjects and hypomagnesemic patients. 142 subjects aged 26-72 years, recruited from our lipid clinic (control population) and 74 hypomagnesemic patients, aged 36-75 years, were studied. The mean FEMg++ in the control population was ...
Sochart D H - - 1997
We present the long-term results of 226 Charnley low-friction arthroplasties that were performed with use of cement in 161 patients between 1966 and 1978. Forty-four patients (sixty hips) had congenital dislocation of the hip, fifty-four patients (sixty-six hips) had degenerative osteoarthrosis, and sixty-three patients (100 hips) had rheumatoid arthritis. There ...
Tedstone J E - - 1997
Research on the psychological impact of burn injuries has concentrated on major burns, while small burns have been largely neglected. In a prospective study, 45 patients with burn injuries ranging from 1 per cent or less up to 40 per cent total body surface area were assessed using semi-structured interviews ...
Neoptolemos J P - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have suggested that the mortality rate from pancreatic resection for cancer is high in the UK compared with that in published series. A survey of specialist units was conducted to determine whether the results differed from those in general units. METHODS: The postoperative outcome following resection of ...
Heaney A - - 1997
Sixty-two women (mean age 68.7 +/- 0.9 yr) with postmenopausal spinal osteoporosis were treated with cyclical etidronate therapy (400 mg for 2 weeks alternating with 12 weeks of 1 gm elemental calcium and 400 IU Vitamin D3) for a minimum of 2 yr. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar ...
Fong Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The operative mortality rate for hepatic resection in the elderly has been reported to be as high as 40 per cent for extended resection. METHODS: An increasing need to justify use of limited healthcare resources prompted a prospective assessment of 133 consecutive hepatic resections performed in 30 months in ...
Madiba T E - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The preferred method of proximal aortic anastomosis (end to end or end to side) in aortobifemoral bypass remains controversial. METHODS: This is a study of 492 patients who had an aortobifemoral bypass for aortoiliac disease over 9 years in which end-to-end (166 patients) and end-to-side (326 patients) proximal aortic ...
Wong F S - - 1997
This study aimed to provide evidence for future planning of general anaesthetic services in Paediatric Dentistry. An audit was carried out on children (< or = 17 years) with special needs who were treated under general anaesthesia in the Day Stay Centre at The Royal Hospitals NHS Trust, London, between ...
Saenghirunvattana S - - 1997
Ten asthmatic patients were enrolled in our study of the effects of dry powder formoterol fumarate. The onset was 2-5 minutes and a long duration of action (over 12 hours) appeared. The mean baseline FEV1 was 1.67 liters (49-74%). Mean reversibility was 17 per cent (range 15-19%). There was no ...
Kusunoki M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Coloanal anastomosis and radiotherapy for the treatment of lower rectal carcinoma have been receiving increasing attention. METHODS: Patients with rectal cancer were divided into two groups: anoabdominal rectal resection and colonic J pouch-anal anastomosis (CAA) plus preoperative intraluminal brachytherapy (IBT) (group 1; 68 patients) and CAA without IBT (group ...
Chugh S N - - 1997
The anti-peroxidant effect of intravenous magnesium was evaluated in 50 patients with acute aluminium phosphide poisoning. The patients were divided into two groups, one who received magnesium sulphate therapy (Group I) and the other who did not (Group II). The clinical and biochemical parameters in both groups were comparable. Finding ...
Sochart D H - - 1997
We determined the long-term results of total hip replacement in a series of young patients who had ankylosing spondylitis. Between 1966 and 1978, forty-three Charnley low-friction arthroplasties were performed in twenty-four patients who had an average age of 28.8 years (range, nineteen to thirty-nine years) at the time of the ...
Mackay C A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A few patients with critical limb ischaemia are believed to be too unfit for an attempt at revascularization using conventional anaesthesia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken of 46 revascularization procedures performed in high-risk patients for critical limb ischaemia between 1989 and 1995, in which local anaesthetic techniques were ...
Tschill P - - 1997
In this study the occlusal characteristics of the deciduous dentition in a sample of young children were investigated to determine whether consensual trends exists, and if the occlusal characteristics in the primary dentition may be considered as acceptable predictors for occlusal relationships in the permanent dentition. Four hundred and seven ...
Schneeberger A G - - 1997
Forty-one consecutive patients were managed for post-traumatic osteoarthrosis or dysfunction of the elbow with use of a non-customized semiconstrained Coonrad-Morrey total elbow prosthesis. The average age at the time of the operation was fifty-seven years (range, thirty-two to eighty-two years). The patients were followed for an average of five years ...
Ma S K - - 1997
Seventy-three consecutive cases of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed and managed in Queen Mary Hospital over a 10-year period from 1985 to 1994 were retrospectively analysed for their presenting features and treatment outcome. The 48 boys and 25 girls ranged in age from 0.4 to 14.2 years (median: 4.3 ...
Gilliland R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to determine outcome and to identify predictors of success for biofeedback for constipation. METHODS: Patients who had at least one biofeedback session were evaluated whether or not they completed a treatment course. Parameters assessed included use of cathartics, number of spontaneous bowel movements per week, ...
Angyo I A - - 1997
The clinical predictors of outcome in children admitted into the Emergency Paediatric Unit at the Jos University Teaching Hospital with meningococcal infection during an out-break of the disease (between February-April 1996) were studied. Eighty seven children were admitted with meningococcal infection during the period. There were 60 males and 27 ...
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