Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1232
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Liu Jerome H - - 2003
Between 1991 and 2000, the prevalence of obesity increased 65 per cent. As a result, increasing research is being directed at gastric bypass (GB) surgery, an operation that appears to achieve long-term weight reduction. Despite the rapid proliferation of this surgery, the quality of care at a population level is ...
Arat Z Mirzen - - 2003
It is commonly believed that upward/backward forces applied to the condyle by a chin-cap cause temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). In the current study the long-term follow-up (2-11 years) of patients treated with a chin-cap was investigated regarding signs and symptoms of TMD. The treatment group consisted of 32 individuals who had ...
Gazit-Rappaport Talia - - 2003
The objectives of this study were to quantitate lip symmetry/asymmetry from clinical photographs; to demonstrate that asymmetry due to functional side shifts (functional asymmetry) leading to unilateral crossbites including the canines, results from measurable thinning of the upper lip and thickening of the lower lip on the side of the ...
Bhattacharya V - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: the diagnosis of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) relies heavily on subjective rather than objective assessment criteria. Subsequently, published results after surgical decompression vary considerably. This study aimed to use a symptom-based patient-directed questionnaire to assess the outcome after decompression for TOS. METHODS: sixty patients who underwent decompression procedures were ...
Ratanachu-Ek Suntaree - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the dietary factors, clinical findings, plasma vitamin C level and post-treatment outcome of scurvy in pediatric patients at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. METHOD: The medical and radiographic records of pediatric patients, diagnosed with scurvy at Queen Sirikit National Institute ...
Sviri S - - 2003
Percutaneous tracheostomy is commonly performed in the intensive care unit. This study assesses the long-term outcomes following percutaneous tracheostomy using the Griggs technique. We carried out a prospective observational cohort study. Two hundred and eight patients who had undergone percutaneous tracheostomy between 1 September 1996 and 31 July 2000 and ...
Neruntarat C - - 2003
Successful results of genioglossus advancement and hyoid myotomy with suspension (GAHM) in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) have been reported. However, there have been few studies of long-term results. Forty-six patients with hypopharyngeal obstruction underwent GAHM. Patients had a mean age of 40.1 +/- 4.2 years and a ...
Sohn Richard L - - 2003
Although there have been many reports on the use of cryosurgery to ablate hepatic malignancies none have specifically examined the relationship of complication rates to the extent of cryoablation. A retrospective review from January 1997 to May 2002 identified 98 patients treated with hepatic cryotherapy. The extent of the cryosurgery ...
Zimmerman D D E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to identify variables affecting the outcome of transanal advancement flap repair (TAFR) for perianal fistulas of cryptoglandular origin. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2000, a consecutive series of 105 patients (65 women, 40 men), with a median age of 44 (range 19-72) years was ...
Ozcan K Murat - - 2003
Otomycosis usually requires long-term treatment and tends to recur. This study was performed on 87 patients with the clinical diagnosis of otomycosis and 20 controls in order to determine the pathogenic agents, predisposing factors and a cost-effective treatment. The predisposing factors included wearing head clothes (74.7 per cent), presence of ...
Price Amy - - 2003
Korean red ginseng (Panax ginseng) is a safe, widely available alternative remedy that improves patients' ability to achieve and maintain an erection sufficient for intercourse, even in a population with severe erectile dysfunction. It is a reasonable, nonprescription treatment, especially for men with reservations about taking sildenafil (Viagra). A 500-mg ...
Elton C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Total colectomy with an ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) is a commonly performed operation. Postoperative mortality and morbidity are reported to be low and functional outcome is generally rated as good to excellent. The aim of this study was to review postoperative mortality, morbidity and functional results in an effort to ...
Chen L Q - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Intestinal metaplasia persists in Barrett's mucosa despite control of reflux. Tissue homeostasis is maintained by the balance between apoptosis and proliferation. There is an unexplained temporary increase in proliferation in patients with Barrett's mucosa after antireflux surgery, and the long-term effect of any therapy in altering this balance remains ...
Demetriades D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Despite significant injuries elderly patients (aged 70 years or more) often do not exhibit any of the standard physiological criteria for trauma team activation (TTA), i.e. hypotension, tachycardia or unresponsiveness to pain. As a result of these findings the authors' TTA criteria were modified to include age 70 years ...
Kazmers Andris - - 2002
The objective of this study was to define outcomes of 151 patients who underwent insertion of 152 Greenfield filters in the operating room by general and vascular surgery residents with supervision by one attending vascular surgeon. Each patient was taken to the operating room for inferior vena cava (IVC) interruption ...
Singhi Pratibha - - 2002
Ceftriaxone is recommended in children with acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) for 10 days. However, the drug is expensive, and shorter duration of therapy, if equally effective, would cut costs of therapy and hospitalization. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome of 7 days vs. 10 days' ceftriaxone ...
Biondo S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: There is ongoing controversy concerning the virulence and management of diverticulitis in young patients. This study reports on the management of acute diverticulitis with reference to the virulence and outcome of the disease with respect to age. METHODS: Between January 1994 and June 1999, 327 patients were treated for ...
Owens David - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal self-harm frequently leads to non-fatal repetition and sometimes to suicide. We need to quantify these two outcomes of self-harm to help us to develop and test effective interventions. AIMS: To estimate rates of fatal and non-fatal repetition of self-harm. METHOD: A systematic review of published follow-up data, from ...
Toomtong Patiparn - - 2002
The causes and consequences of failed extubation in postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) patients were prospectively collected by clinical observation study in the surgical ICU Siriraj Hospital from 1st October 2000 to 31st March 2001. The failure rate was 1.7 per cent (9/477). Patients underwent the following types of surgery: ...
Prakanrattana Ungkab - - 2002
Anesthetic management of cardiac patients with complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA) undergoing arterial switch operation (ASO) is challenging. The anesthetic course and perioperative problems were studied. A prospective data collection study of 87 patients was performed between January 1991 and February 2002. The patients were divided into 3 ...
Zafirellis K D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The Physiogical and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) has been used to produce a numerical estimate of expected mortality and morbidity after a variety of general surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of POSSUM to predict mortality ...
Laohaprasitiporn Duangmanee - - 2002
Transcatheter coil occlusion of small-to-moderate-size patent ductus arteriosus (PDA, < 3.5 mm) is well established as a procedure of first choice in many institutions. Its much lower cost compared with surgical ligation or other devices makes it an attractive option, especially in Thailand. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Between September 1995 and ...
Toursarkissian Boulos - - 2002
Our objective is to describe our current experience with major lower-extremity amputation secondary to vascular disease. We conducted a retrospective review of sequential amputations over a 3-year period at one Veterans Affairs institution. One hundred thirteen amputations were performed in 99 men (age 70 +/- 11 years). Seventy-five per cent ...
Lucas Victoria S - - 2002
The purpose of this research was to estimate the prevalence and intensity of bacteraemia associated with orthodontic treatment procedures. The four procedures investigated were: an upper alginate impression, separator placement, band placement, and adjustment of an archwire on a fixed appliance. Eighty-one children undergoing general anaesthesia (GA) for dento-alveolar surgery ...
Kidd J A - - 2002
The medical records of 80 horses treated for left laryngeal hemiplegia by prosthetic laryngoplasty, ventriculectomy and vocal cordectomy were examined, first to compare the subjective and objective success rates for groups of horses of different ages and used for different purposes, and secondly, to compare the efficacy of including vocal ...
Kocher H M - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ointment (0 small middle dot2 per cent) has an efficacy of up to 68 per cent in healing chronic anal fissure, but with headache as a major side-effect. Diltiazem hydrochloride (DTZ) cream (2 per cent) is expected to have fewer side-effects. METHODS: A prospective double-blind randomized ...
Vichayanrat Apichati - - 2002
Two hundred and twenty two hyperlipidemic patients were recruited for a 12-week prospective, multicenter, open-label, titrate-to-goal study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 20 to 40 mg per day of simvastatin in a Thai population. The efficacy on lipid lowering was evaluated at 4 weeks and 8 weeks after ...
Jayne D G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Haemorrhoidectomy is frequently associated with postoperative pain and prolonged hospital stay. A new technique of haemorrhoidectomy using the Ligasure device suited to day-case surgery is described. This technique was compared with conventional open diathermy haemorrhoidectomy. METHODS: Forty patients with grade III or IV haemorrhoids were randomized to Ligasure (group ...
Amadasun J E O - - 2002
Controversies of how best to treat fresh tympanic membrane perforations have always existed. While some otolaryngologists prefer the paper patch method, others prefer modified myringoplasty. A prospective study is needed to investigate the most effective and least expensive management of this common ear trauma. This study examined prospectively, in three ...
Trotter M I - - 2002
The aim of this study was to retrospectively survey patients who had undergone radiofrequency ablation of the soft palate for snoring complaints. Fifty-nine patients who had undergone radiofrequency ablation were sent an anonymous questionnaire to assess snoring (using visual analogue scales), pain and satisfaction with the procedure. Sixty-one per cent ...
Assantachai Prasert - - 2002
Instability or falls are one of the important warning symptoms of underlying serious illness among the elderly, so many studies have concentrated on the risk factors for falls. However, a study involving a strategic method to reduce the incidence of falls is the next step and is the main objective ...
Sule-Odu A O - - 2002
A review of cases of induced abortion managed at Ogun State University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu from January 1988 to December 1997 is presented. One hundred and two cases were treated for various complaints and complications of induced abortion during the period of review. The mean age in years was 24.6+/-5.8. ...
Crane S D - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study categorised syncopal patients, in a British accident and emergency (A&E) department, into three prognostic groups, using American College of Physicians (ACP) guidelines. The one year mortality of the three groups was studied to see if risk stratification using these guidelines is applicable to these patients and also ...
Patlas Michael - - 2002
With the advent of enzyme replacement therapy for Gaucher disease, there was a need to assess response to treatment repeatedly over relatively short periods of time; hence abdominal ultrasound was used in our referral clinic because it was convenient, safe and inexpensive. In 100 treated patients monitored for 2-7 years, ...
Vassiliu P - - 2001
Residual post-traumatic hemothorax (RPTH) occurs in 3 to 8 per cent of patients with tube thoracostomy and may cause serious infectious complications. Surgical evacuation is recommended, and thoracoscopic evacuation (THEVA) tends to replace open thoracotomy for this purpose. The objective of this study is to evaluate the optimal timing, safety, ...
Koss W G - - 2001
Nosocomial pneumonia (NP) is the leading cause of death from hospital-acquired infection in intubated surgical intensive care unit (SICU) patients. To determine whether protective contact isolation would lower the incidence of NP in intubated patients we performed a prospective, randomized, and controlled study in two SICUs in a tertiary medical ...
Maurer C A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The introduction of total mesorectal excision (TME) has been shown to improve local recurrence rates in rectal cancer. The present study investigated the impact of this more extensive and radical procedure with regard to autonomic pelvic nerve function. METHODS: Patients with resected primary rectal cancer were interviewed by means ...
Sharp H R - - 2001
We present the ongoing results of the series of 53 consecutive patients who underwent laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP) for snoring at the Kent and Canterbury Hospital. Twenty-nine patients (55 per cent) were completely satisfied with their surgery 18 to 24 months following LAUP when previously questioned via telephone questionnaire. We have ...
McDonald G P - - 2001
The frequency of computed tomography (CT) ordered by emergency department physicians at our facility was noted to sharply increase in early 1998 after a New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) article recommending routine CT in patients with suspected appendicitis. Numerous studies have proven the accuracy of CT for detecting acute ...
Marusch F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of hospital caseload on the short-term postoperative outcome of patients with rectal carcinoma. METHODS: A multicentre study involving 75 German hospitals was carried out between January and December 1999. Some 1463 patients with rectal carcinoma were studied. RESULTS: The ...
Watson H R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Graft patency is usually the primary endpoint in studies of peripheral arterial bypass surgery, but gives only a limited indication of clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate reintervention as a study endpoint after femorodistal bypass surgery. METHODS: The database from a multicentre, prospectively planned study ...
Bunyaratavej N - - 2001
A prospective, open trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral meloxicam 7.5 mg once daily over a period of 28 days in Thai patients with osteoarthritis was conducted in 3 major hospitals in Bangkok, Thailand. A total of 137 patients were enrolled and completed the study protocol. The ...
Sharief N M - - 2001
The rate of breastfeeding initiation and continuation through the first 6 months of life were assessed via interview and telephone follow-up in a prospective study of 130 mothers who consecutively delivered in hospital in Fujairah, UAE. The rate of initiation (83.2 per cent) and continuation at 2 months (72.6 per ...
Manomaipiboon A - - 2001
Esophageal malignancy is one of the most aggressive malignancies. Unfortunately, the majority of patients present with incurable disease. Then palliative treatment to relieve dysphagia is the mainstay of treatment. We compared the mortality, procedure-related complications, hospital stay, intervention time, improvement of dysphagia and survival time between esophageal stent and surgery. ...
Talmon Y - - 2001
We present the results of the insertion of self-made polyethylene T-tubes for a period of 15-24 months for the treatment of chronic middle-ear effusion. We compare the outcome of our patients to the reported outcome of patients treated with other commonly used ventilation tubes for either shorter or longer periods ...
Zarzaur B L - - 2001
Despite antiulcer prophylaxis 19 severely injured patients at our institution developed stress ulceration (SU) between 1989 and 1999 requiring surgery for perforation (n = 4) or bleeding (n = 15). A herald bleed (HB) 10.7 +/- 1.2 days after admission, 7.2 +/- 1.2 days before definitive operative therapy, and requiring ...
Löwe B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Given our poor understanding of the very long-term course of anorexia nervosa. many questions remain regarding the potential for recovery and relapse. The purpose of the present study was to investigate long-term outcome and prognosis in an anorexic sample 21 years after the initial treatment. METHOD: A multidimensional and ...
Rios G A - - 2001
Lateral pancreaticojejunostomy (LPJ) is the cornerstone of surgical management of pain associated with chronic pancreatitis (CP) and ductal dilation. The pathologic key to failure of LPJ is disease confined to the head of the pancreas. Intraoperative pancreatoscopy with electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL) is a novel technique that avoids resection and eradicates ...
Kearney C R - - 2001
We evaluated our patients' own assessment of the cosmetic outcome of minor dermatological surgery procedures. A postal questionnaire was sent to patients who had undergone surgery between 12 and 18 months previously. Patient satisfaction was correlated with variables, including age, sex, lesion size and site, indication for excision, histological diagnosis ...
Muñoz-Villasmil J - - 2001
Despite improvements in the supportive care of immunosuppressed patients controversy still surrounds the surgical management and outcome of anorectal sepsis in these patients. We reviewed 83 immunocompromised patients with diagnosis of perianal sepsis from 1995 to 1997. Sixty-six patients (80%) were followed for a mean of 15 months. Mean age ...
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