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Results 151 - 200 of 1243
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Neary W D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare a number of risk scoring systems prospectively in a cohort of patients who underwent non-elective surgery. METHODS: This was a cohort study of 2349 consecutive patients who had urgent or emergency surgery in a district general hospital in the UK. All patients were scored ...
Bretagnol F - - 2007
BACKGROUND:: Eight randomized clinical trials and two meta-analyses recently questioned the value of preoperative mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) in colorectal surgery. However, very few patients having rectal surgery were included in these studies. The aim of this study was to assess whether rectal cancer surgery can be performed safely without ...
Casutt Christoph - - 2007
In a retrospective multicentre study, the success rate and efficiency of activator treatment were analysed. All patients from two University clinics (Giessen, Germany and Berne, Switzerland) that fulfilled the selection criteria (Class II division 1 malocclusion, activator treatment, no aplasia, no extraction of permanent teeth, no syndromes, no previous orthodontic ...
Carlisle J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing measures how efficiently subjects meet increased metabolic demand. This study aimed to determine whether preoperative CPX testing predicted postoperative survival following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. METHODS: Some 130 patients had CPX testing before elective open AAA repair. Additional preoperative, operative and postoperative variables ...
Jia X - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: Foam sclerotherapy is a potential treatment for varicose veins. A systematic review was undertaken to assess its safety and efficacy. RESULTS: Sixty-nine studies were included. The median rates of serious adverse events, including pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, were less than 1 per cent. The median ...
Toh S-T - - 2008
To determine the incidence of complications following temperature-controlled radiofrequency treatment of the soft palate, uvula and tongue base. Retrospective study. We included all patients who had received temperature-controlled radiofrequency treatment of the soft palate, uvula and tongue base, for sleep-disordered breathing, over a four-year period in a tertiary hospital. Patients' ...
You Christopher J - - 2007
Minimally invasive radioguided parathyroidectomy (MIRP) has been established as an alternative to bilateral neck exploration (BNE) for primary hyperparathyroidism. We investigate whether a diminished dose of technetium-99m sestamibi gives similar results to the standard dose. One hundred one patients were offered MIRP or diminished-dose MIRP (ddMIRP). Patients received intravenous Tc-99m ...
Munasinghe A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Varicose veins that recur after standard high tie and strip are often associated with venous reflux in the thigh, as shown by duplex ultrasonography. The aim of this study was to look for evidence of revascularization in the strip track after great saphenous vein (GSV) stripping. METHODS: A consecutive ...
Lorenz D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Typical side-effects of saphenous stripping for symptomatic varicose veins include painful thigh haematomas, which a new bipolar coagulating electric vein stripper (EVS) may reduce. METHODS: In a randomized, single-blind trial at three vascular centres, 99 patients were assigned to EVS and 101 to conventional stripping. The primary outcome was ...
Wong P F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is common in the operating theatre and may increase susceptibility to postoperative complications. Intraoperative systemic warming has been shown to improve outcomes of surgery. This study aimed to examine the effects of additional perioperative systemic warming on postoperative morbidity. METHODS: All patients admitted for elective major abdominal surgery ...
Abd el-Fattah H - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammation of sinus mucosa is a multifactorial condition which sometimes results in irreversible pathological mucosal changes. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic radical antrectomy in treating chronic, hyperplastic, eosinophilic sinusitis, and to compare this procedure with classical endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised, controlled ...
Montaño A M - - 2007
Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA; Morquio A disease) is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase. The natural history of this disease is incompletely understood. To study which variables influence the clinical outcome, we conducted a study in which MPS IVA patients were asked to fill out a ...
Takwoingi Y M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the introduction of a 14-day post-tonsillectomy analgesic regime would be associated with a statistically significant decrease in readmission rate. METHOD: A comparative study of tonsillectomy patients over two study periods. A retrospective review was undertaken of 342 patients (group one, five-day analgesic regime) who had undergone ...
Hofmeister E H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To document the power and required sample sizes to achieve certain treatment objectives in the veterinary analgesia literature. METHODS: Pubmed's MEDLINE database and selected journals were searched. Only publications produced between 1994 and 2004 that reported 'no difference' between experimental groups in the abstract, results or conclusion sections and ...
Labarere J - - 2007
It is unknown whether data from observational studies can assist guideline developers in areas where scientific evidence is lacking. The purpose of this study is to develop a local clinical guideline for prophylaxis against venous thromboembolism based on observational study results. The authors performed a classification tree analysis on original ...
Nagino M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although intrahepatic cholangiojejunostomy is technically difficult, with recent improvements in surgery it should be possible to perform the anastomosis safely. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of anastomotic leak after intrahepatic cholangiojejunostomy and to identify risk factors for such leakage. METHODS: Intrahepatic cholangiojejunostomy was performed ...
Clements Ronald H - - 2006
Vitamin deficiency after gastric bypass surgery is a known complication. The purpose of this study was to measure the incidence of vitamin deficiency after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a university hospital setting. All patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass from January 2002 to December 2004 and completed a ...
Saluja Karan - - 2006
Pre-operative autologous blood donation (PABD) in elective orthopaedic surgeries is a well known procedure in the West. We initiated this programme at a tertiary care hospital in north India to study its feasibility in Indian patients. In a prospective case-control study, 144 patients undergoing primary total hip or knee replacement, ...
Bajaj Y - - 2006
Subglottic haemangioma is a potentially life-threatening condition for which various treatment modalities are available. The objective of this study was to evaluate our results for open excision of subglottic haemangioma. The study assessed 18 patients who had been treated at a paediatric tertiary referral centre. Most of these patients (83.3 ...
Jóhannsson H O - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Studies of haemorrhoidectomy usually report postoperative pain, healing and complications, but rarely consider anal function in the longer term. The primary aim of this randomized trial was to compare long-term changes in anal function after open (Milligan-Morgan) and closed (Ferguson) haemorrhoidectomy. METHODS: A total of 225 patients were included ...
Kalbaugh Corey A - - 2006
Limited information is available concerning the effects of obesity on the functional outcomes of patients requiring major lower limb amputation because of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive ability of body mass index (BMI) to determine functional outcome in the dysvascular amputee. ...
Iyngkaran T - - 2006
Laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP) is an established treatment for snoring. Our institution has been using a modification of the Kamami technique since 1995. Between January 1995 and December 2001, 469 patients underwent LAUP for snoring. A telephone survey of these patients and their partners was conducted retrospectively. One hundred and sixty-eight ...
Sharif M A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endovenous laser treatment is a percutaneous technique used for the treatment of long saphenous vein (LSV) incompetence. This paper presents the results of an uncontrolled case series undertaken to assess the feasibility, safety and efficacy of this technique. METHODS: Some 145 incompetent LSVs in 136 patients with saphenofemoral reflux ...
Sissener T R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of short duration 1 per cent clotrimazole flush when combined with 1 per cent clotrimazole cream instilled into the frontal sinuses for the treatment of nasal aspergillosis in 14 dogs. METHODS: Fourteen dogs with clinical, radiological, serological and rhinoscopic findings consistent with nasal aspergillosis were ...
Tahir Mohammad - - 2006
The past decade has seen a rapid expansion of directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS) centers throughout India, under the guidance of the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP). While expansion has been rapid and extensive, few reports exist detailing individual DOTS centers' experiences, their challenges, and their successes. We present ...
Ng K K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for perivascular (up to 5 mm from the major intrahepatic portal vein or hepatic vein branches) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is unclear because of possible incomplete tumour ablation and potential vascular damage. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of RFA for ...
INOKUMA, YOSHIHIKO
1, In 200cases of chronic hoarseness, the occurrence of chronic non-specific laryngitis was the largest number accounted for 50 per cent. 2,There was an unusually close ratio, 41 to 25, of beingn to malignant new growths. 3, Carcinoma and tuberculosis were about equal in their occurrence, theformer being found in ...
Lee Geraldine - - 2006
A significant number of patients leave the emergency department (ED) before being treated or after treatment has been initiated but not completed. This paper reports the findings of a study examining the demographics and characteristics of those who did not wait for treatment in an ED in Melbourne. A telephone ...
Ainsworth Gillian - - 2006
DESIGN: This was a randomised controlled trial (RCT) conducted in the US. INTERVENTION: People were recruited to the trial who required surgical removal of at least two impacted third molars under intravenous sedation on an outpatient basis. They were treated by board-certified oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Participants were divided randomly ...
Oktay Mehmet F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of medical antituberculous treatment in patients with tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis (TCL). METHODS: In the period 1996-2002, 73 TCL patients were reviewed and the results of clinical and laboratory testing were documented. The efficacy of a four-drug chemotherapy regimen was investigated. RESULTS: Purified protein derivatives (PPD) ...
Nelson Lana G - - 2005
Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are frequent in patients with clinically significant obesity and are reported to improve after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). The purpose of this study is to determine timing and duration of improvement of GERD symptoms in patients undergoing RYGB. Prospectively collected data from patients who ...
Morgan Joe H JH - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the patentcy rates and physiological effectiveness of angioplasty and stenting as a primary therapy for superficial femoral (SFA), popliteal (POP), and tibial (TIB) arterial occlusive disease. Seventy-eight patients had stents placed in the infra-inguinal vessels between January 1, 2001, and July 31, ...
Agnelli G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess whether the synthetic factor Xa inhibitor fondaparinux reduced the risk of venous thromboembolism more efficiently than the low molecular weight heparin dalteparin in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. METHODS: In a double-blind double-dummy randomized study, patients scheduled for major abdominal surgery ...
Pinho Teresa - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical manifestation of developmental absence of maxillary permanent lateral incisors in the Portuguese population. The study group comprised 16 771 patients observed between 1993 and 2000 at the Faculty clinic. Two hundred and nineteen patients were found to have ...
Haye Rolf - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previously we treated patients with insect sting allergy with venom immunotherapy (IT) using whole body insect extracts. From 1980 we changed to insect venoms. The purpose of this study was to analyse data from the patients in order to improve our treatment. METHODS: This is an open, single centre ...
Novick William M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Paediatric cardiovascular services are frequently absent or poorly developed in many countries around the world. Our foundation made 83 trips in support of cardiovascular services between April 1993 and March 2003 to help alleviate this problem. In this study, we present an analysis of our results over these period ...
Hacimustafaoglu Mustafa - - 2006
We studied 80 children with parapneumonic effusion (PPE) with respect to the clinical manifestations and treatment alternatives as well as prospective follow-up for 1 year. Out of the 80 patients, 59 per cent were male. The mean age of the patients was 4.0 +/- 3.1 years. Mild effusion was successfully ...
Blomgren L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Duplex imaging is used increasingly for preoperative evaluation of varicose veins, but its value in terms of the long-term results of surgery is not clear. METHODS: Patients with primary varicose veins were randomized to operation with or without preoperative duplex imaging. Reoperation rates, clinical and duplex findings were compared ...
Pursell R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine how often femorofemoral crossover grafting for critical ischaemia or intermittent claudication gives an ideal result. An ideal result is an uncomplicated operation with primary wound healing, relief of ischaemic symptoms without recurrence and no need for further intervention. METHODS: All patients ...
Bass M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate indications for and outcome of perineal urethrostomy in cats. METHODS: The medical records of 59 cats that had undergone perineal urethrostomy were evaluated. Short-term follow up information (for a period of four weeks following surgery) was available for all of the cats. Long-term follow up information (for ...
Reinhardt S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the specific cytological criteria of osteosarcomas in dogs. METHODS: Significant cytological characteristics of osteosarcoma and benign mesenchymal bone proliferations were determined from imprint smears of 25 dogs with osteosarcoma (group 1) and 20 dogs admitted for removal of surgical bone implants after uncomplicated healing of bone fractures ...
El-Nawawy Ahmed - - 2004
This prospective study over 24 months aimed to evaluate the outcome of early management of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) among high-risk patients (n = 50) admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). It also included all cases presenting with overt DIC (OD) concomitantly (n = 30). The high-risk group ...
Marks D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Screening for familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) through family tracing of relatives is cost-effective, but access to the index patient through specialist lipid clinics is a determinant of the programme's success. This paper reports on numbers of FH patients and on specialist lipid clinic provision in the United Kingdom. RESULTS: One ...
Turner Immanuel I - - 2004
Surgical resection continues to be the mainstay of treatment for rectal cancer. Neoadjuvant therapy (chemotherapy and radiation) has also been shown to be efficacious. The impact of preoperative chemotherapy and radiation on postoperative complications is unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship of neoadjuvant therapy on ...
Heriot A G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Rectoceles are traditionally repaired transvaginally and sexual dysfunction can be a significant complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional and physiological outcome following transanal repair of rectoceles. METHODS: Forty-five patients of mean age 57.1 (range 34-78) years with a symptomatic anterior rectocele, selected by contrast ...
Nodarse-Cuní Hugo - - 2004
Respiratory papillomatosis is a life-spoiling disease due to its high recurrence rate. Interferon (IFN)alpha-2b treatment, adjuvant to surgery, was assessed for its contribution to disease control and patient quality of life improvement. One hundred and sixty-nine patients (85 children and 84 adults) were included after surgical removal of the lesions ...
Tekkis P P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to develop a dedicated colorectal Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (CR-POSSUM) equation for predicting operative mortality, and to compare its performance with the Portsmouth (P)-POSSUM model. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from 6883 patients undergoing colorectal ...
Jamieson G G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There have been three previous reviews of the world literature describing postoperative mortality rate following oesophagectomy. The first documented rates in the first half of the last century, the second the period 1960-1979 and the third the interval 1980-1988. The aim of this review was to document the rate ...
Fung L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the accuracy of the DIAGNOdent laser device (DD) for detecting occlusal fissure caries when used by three groups of examiners. METHODS: Three final-year dental students (S), three General Dental Practitioners (G), and three Academic Clinicians (A) individually examined the non-cavitated occlusal surfaces of 25 extracted permanent molars ...
Downing A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The NHS Plan has a target that no patient should spend longer than 4 hours in Accident and Emergency (A & E) by the end of 2004. The aim of this study is to describe the attendance characteristics of patients spending less than and more than 4 hours total ...
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