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Results 101 - 150 of 1232
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Shawesh M - - 2010
The aim of this trial was to compare two different orthodontic retention regimens: is night-only wear of upper and lower Hawley retainers for 1 year as effective as 6 months full-time followed by 6 months night-only wear? Sixty-seven consecutive patients attending for orthodontic debond were randomly allocated to wear upper ...
Alaedeen Diya - - 2009
Postoperative leaks after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) are a source of morbidity and mortality. Any intervention that would decrease leak rates after LRYGB would be useful. This investigation tested the hypothesis that postoperative leak rates are lower after LRYGB with the routine use of intraoperative endoscopy (EN). Consecutive patients ...
Cain Lauren E - - 2009
In 1996-1997, the AIDS Clinical Trial Group 320 study randomized 1156 HIV-infected U.S. patients to combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) or highly active ART with equal probability. Ninety-six patients incurred AIDS or died, 51 (4 per cent) dropped out, and 290 (= 51 + 239, 25 per cent) dropped out or ...
Young Frederick J - - 2009
The alphorns built and sold by the late Joseph Littleton of Hammondsport, NY are used in this study. His dimensions of bore as a function of position are used in solution of the Webster equation for impedance solved numerically earlier [F. J. Young, Acustica, 10, 91-97 (1960)]. The musical notation ...
Remzi F H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Turnbull-Cutait abdominoperineal pull-through procedure (T-C) is used as a last resort to avoid permanent diversion in patients with complex anorectal conditions. The aim was to evaluate short- and long-term outcomes after T-C. METHODS: Patients undergoing T-C from 1996 to 2007 were reviewed retrospectively in terms of demographics, diagnosis, ...
Dopchiz M C - - 2009
Hydatidosis is a zoonosis produced by the metacestode Echinococcus spp. The aims of this research are: to contribute to the knowledge of pediatric hydatidosis in the south-east of Buenos Aires province, to study its evolution from 1993 to 2002 at the Regional Maternity and Pediatric Hospital "Dr. Victorio Tetamanti", to ...
Lloyd S - - 2009
Between 30 and 70 per cent of horses at 18 stables had their anthelmintic treatments withdrawn for a year. Three of the stables (group 1) had used no anthelmintics for many years, 10 (group 2) had treated their horses with anthelmintics approximately twice a year, and five (group 3) had ...
Virnik Sascha - - 2009
This is a case series in which a new technique for the surgical treatment of periodontal recessions is presented along with the results of the first clinical trial. A new technique of periodontal flap surgery was performed on 30 patients with severe periodontal recessions of the upper or lower front ...
Firth P G - - 2009
To examine the relation between coins ingested by children and the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Observational study. Main outcome measures Total value of coins ingested and number of incidents of coins versus other objects swallowed, measured before and after the stock market crash of October 2008. Eighteen objects, including 11 ...
Neumann Frank - - 2008
This study evaluates response-adapted treatment of chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) in chronic phase using molecular response criteria. bcr-abl/G6PDH ratios were assessed by Light-Cycler quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR( in 277 peripheral blood samples from 33 patients, before and every 3 months during therapy. Sixty-six per cent (22/33) of the ...
Kyrodimos E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hearing results following intratympanic gentamicin perfusion in patients with Ménière's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Middle-ear perfusion of 0.4 ml of gentamicin 40 mg/ml solution was performed in Ménière's disease patients who had previously failed to respond to other medical treatment. RESULTS: Between May 1999 and November 2005, ...
Kinsler V A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The treatment of congenital melanocytic naevi (CMNs) has become controversial as better data on complications have been published. OBJECTIVES: To determine the longer-term risks and benefits of surgery in treatment of CMNs. METHODS: In this 19-year prospective study, 301 families completed yearly questionnaires about treatments and CMN changes. Forty ...
Disselhoff B C V M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this randomized single-centre trial was to compare the 2-year results of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and cryostripping for varicose veins. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with uncomplicated great saphenous varicose veins were randomized equally to one of the two treatments. Principal outcomes measures were: freedom ...
Parikh Janak A - - 2008
The rate of small bowel obstruction (SBO) after colectomy is unknown. Given the large number of colectomies performed in the United States, elucidating SBO rates, outcomes, and identifying predictors of readmission is important. Using the California Inpatient File, we identified all patients readmitted with a principle diagnosis of SBO at ...
Winterborn R J - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess different techniques of saphenofemoral ligation in the treatment of primary varicose veins. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-two patients (210 legs) with primary saphenofemoral junction incompetence were randomised to standard saphenofemoral ligation (transfixion with an absorbable suture) (SSL) or flush saphenofemoral ligation ...
Sharma Om P - - 2008
Patients with pelvic fractures (PF) have high incidences of associated injuries and mortality. To identify patients with PF at the highest risk for mortality on admission to a Level I trauma center, investigators analyzed 566 PF in 12,128 patients (1996 to 2005). PF were categorized on arrival as high risk ...
van Dam R M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Accelerated recovery from surgery has been achieved when patients are managed within a multimodal Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol. This study evaluated the benefit of an ERAS programme for patients undergoing liver resection. METHODS: The ERAS protocol of epidural analgesia, early oral intake and early mobilization was studied ...
Smithard A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of altered tongue sensation following tonsillectomy, and its relationship to different surgical techniques. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: District general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and four consecutive adults undergoing tonsillectomy, and 43 control patients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Altered tongue sensation. RESULTS: Twenty-eight of 100 patients described ...
Stein S - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe the perioperative complications and the six weeks and eight to 12 months outcome of cases of canine cranial cruciate ligament damage treated with a tibial tuberosity advancement. METHODS: The medical records including the six weeks' postoperative re-evaluation and radiographs of dogs with a tibial tuberosity advancement (70 ...
Taylor Spence M - - 2008
Functional success after below-knee amputation (BKA) has been poorly studied. The purpose of this study was to establish a consistent definition of "successful outcome" after BKA and to identify clinical variables influencing that definition. Three hundred nine consecutive patients undergoing BKA were evaluated postoperatively using the following definition for "successful ...
Hjern F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is controversy over whether patients presenting with a primary attack of acute diverticulitis at a younger age are more prone to complications and recurrence than older patients. METHODS: A review, including postal questionnaires, was undertaken of 234 patients who had a primary episode of acute diverticulitis. The diagnosis ...
Lim S-W - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although pelvic exenteration is frequently indicated during surgery for gynaecological malignancy, performing a colorectal anastomosis remains contentious because of concern about leakage. This study evaluated the safety of performing a low colorectal anastomosis during pelvic exenteration for gynaecological malignancy. METHODS: Between April 2001 and December 2006, 145 consecutive patients ...
Jones Wesley B - - 2008
Although linear surgical staple line reinforcement has been shown to increase anastomotic tensile strength in animal models and reduce the incidence of staple line bleeding and anastomotic leaks in colorectal surgery, the benefits of staple line reinforcement on circular stapled anastomoses in bariatric surgery remain unreported in the literature. The ...
Alves A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Temporary faecal diversion is recommended with a low colorectal, coloanal or ileoanal anastomosis (LA). This randomized study evaluated early (EC; 8 days) versus late (LC; 2 months) closure of the temporary stoma. METHODS: Patients undergoing rectal resection with LA were eligible to participate. If there was no radiological sign ...
Carsten Christopher G CG - - 2008
Current treatment of complex aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) includes the aortobifemoral bypass or the femoral-femoral bypass. However, because of bilateral groin exposure and associated risks, there is a significant morbidity associated with these procedures. In appropriate patients with unilateral AIOD, the iliofemoral bypass graft (IFBPG) via a lower abdominal retroperitoneal ...
Akgun D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical improvement and quality of life measures in patients who had undergone tonsillectomy for recurrent acute and chronic tonsillitis between March 2004 and March 2005. METHOD: A retrospective survey of all adults and children who had undergone tonsillectomy for recurrent acute and chronic tonsillitis. Patients were asked ...
Miller Aaron T - - 2008
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a severe soft tissue infection, which has a reported 25 per cent to 60 per cent mortality rate. In addition, NF has been reported to occur after invasive procedures. We present a 10-year retrospective study on postprocedural NF and its differences with community-acquired NF. A retrospective ...
Clarke S C E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In patients with penetrating abdominal injury (PAI), haemodynamic instability and peritonitis are indications for laparotomy, but it remains uncertain whether laparotomy is indicated for evisceration, retained foreign body and pneumoperitoneum. In 1989, a review of 107 patients with PAI revealed a 78.5 per cent laparotomy rate, with 35 per ...
Gangaram Poornima - - 2008
Section 5(2) of the Mental Health Act 1983 (MHA) deals with the compulsory detainment of a mentally unwell inpatient in hospital for a period of 72 hours. During this time the Responsible Medical Officer (RMO) must review the patient and either increase the duration of compulsory stay by converting it ...
Keshtgar M R S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of rapid molecular screening for hospital-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in surgical patients within a teaching hospital. METHODS: In 2006, nasal swabs were obtained before surgery from all patients undergoing elective and emergency procedures, and screened for MRSA using a ...
Lie Sam Foek D J - - 2008
The objectives of this study were to retrospectively evaluate the clinical survival rate of flexible, braided, rectangular bonded stainless steel lingual retainers, and to investigate the influence of gender, age of the patient, and operator experience on survival after orthodontic treatment at the Department of Orthodontics, University of Groningen, between ...
Rashid Ambreen - - 2008
The aim of this paper was to establish whether section 5(2) of the Mental Health Act 1983 was being used appropriately in an inpatient psychiatric unit in the UK. A clinical audit was conducted over three consecutive years. Peer review of decisions to use section 5(2) on the hospital's adult ...
Sarna A - - 2008
Very high levels of adherence are required for ART to be effective. There is limited information available from India on adherence to ART and its predictors. We carried out this study to examine adherence levels and to explore the factors associated with adherence among PLHA receiving ART in India. Using ...
Ali Syed O - - 2008
The objective of this study of a retrospective case series was to determine factors associated with survival after surgical intervention in pseudomembranous colitis (PMC). The study was conducted at a tertiary care medical center and comprised 36 patients who underwent colectomy for fulminant PMC from 1995 to 2006. Patients including ...
Bolliger D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischaemia is the leading cause of perioperative morbidity and mortality after surgery in patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of moxonidine, a centrally acting sympatholytic agent, on perioperative myocardial ischaemia and 1-year mortality in patients undergoing major vascular surgery. ...
Espeland Lisen - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of a scheme for provision of orthognathic surgery by examining whether patients' expectations were fulfilled as well as their opinions about the result of treatment and side-effects. Data were obtained during a pre-planned 3-year follow-up clinical examination which included the ...
Ribero D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the safety of portal vein embolization (PVE), its impact on future liver remnant (FLR) volume and regeneration, and subsequent effects on outcome after liver resection. METHODS: Records of 112 patients were reviewed. Standardized FLR (sFLR) and degree of hypertrophy (DH; difference between the sFLR before and ...
Joss Christof Urs - - 2008
The aim of the study was to conduct a long-term follow-up investigation of the stability of hard and soft tissues after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) with rigid internal (RIF) fixation to advance the mandible. Sixteen consecutive patients (12 females and 4 males, mean age 21.4 years) were available for ...
Rosing David K - - 2007
Acute cholangitis is a life-threatening complication of biliary obstruction that is exacerbated by delays in diagnosis and treatment. Since the introduction of endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and endoscopic therapeutic modalities, few investigations have addressed admission prognostic indicators of adverse outcomes. A retrospective review of all patients with a diagnosis of acute ...
Neary W D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim was to compare a number of risk scoring systems prospectively in a cohort of patients who underwent non-elective surgery. METHODS: This was a cohort study of 2349 consecutive patients who had urgent or emergency surgery in a district general hospital in the UK. All patients were scored ...
Bretagnol F - - 2007
BACKGROUND:: Eight randomized clinical trials and two meta-analyses recently questioned the value of preoperative mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) in colorectal surgery. However, very few patients having rectal surgery were included in these studies. The aim of this study was to assess whether rectal cancer surgery can be performed safely without ...
Casutt Christoph - - 2007
In a retrospective multicentre study, the success rate and efficiency of activator treatment were analysed. All patients from two University clinics (Giessen, Germany and Berne, Switzerland) that fulfilled the selection criteria (Class II division 1 malocclusion, activator treatment, no aplasia, no extraction of permanent teeth, no syndromes, no previous orthodontic ...
Carlisle J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary exercise (CPX) testing measures how efficiently subjects meet increased metabolic demand. This study aimed to determine whether preoperative CPX testing predicted postoperative survival following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. METHODS: Some 130 patients had CPX testing before elective open AAA repair. Additional preoperative, operative and postoperative variables ...
Jia X - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: Foam sclerotherapy is a potential treatment for varicose veins. A systematic review was undertaken to assess its safety and efficacy. RESULTS: Sixty-nine studies were included. The median rates of serious adverse events, including pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, were less than 1 per cent. The median ...
Toh S-T - - 2008
To determine the incidence of complications following temperature-controlled radiofrequency treatment of the soft palate, uvula and tongue base. Retrospective study. We included all patients who had received temperature-controlled radiofrequency treatment of the soft palate, uvula and tongue base, for sleep-disordered breathing, over a four-year period in a tertiary hospital. Patients' ...
You Christopher J - - 2007
Minimally invasive radioguided parathyroidectomy (MIRP) has been established as an alternative to bilateral neck exploration (BNE) for primary hyperparathyroidism. We investigate whether a diminished dose of technetium-99m sestamibi gives similar results to the standard dose. One hundred one patients were offered MIRP or diminished-dose MIRP (ddMIRP). Patients received intravenous Tc-99m ...
Munasinghe A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Varicose veins that recur after standard high tie and strip are often associated with venous reflux in the thigh, as shown by duplex ultrasonography. The aim of this study was to look for evidence of revascularization in the strip track after great saphenous vein (GSV) stripping. METHODS: A consecutive ...
Lorenz D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Typical side-effects of saphenous stripping for symptomatic varicose veins include painful thigh haematomas, which a new bipolar coagulating electric vein stripper (EVS) may reduce. METHODS: In a randomized, single-blind trial at three vascular centres, 99 patients were assigned to EVS and 101 to conventional stripping. The primary outcome was ...
Wong P F - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is common in the operating theatre and may increase susceptibility to postoperative complications. Intraoperative systemic warming has been shown to improve outcomes of surgery. This study aimed to examine the effects of additional perioperative systemic warming on postoperative morbidity. METHODS: All patients admitted for elective major abdominal surgery ...
Abd el-Fattah H - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Chronic inflammation of sinus mucosa is a multifactorial condition which sometimes results in irreversible pathological mucosal changes. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic radical antrectomy in treating chronic, hyperplastic, eosinophilic sinusitis, and to compare this procedure with classical endoscopic middle meatal antrostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised, controlled ...
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