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Results 151 - 200 of 1786
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Sepúlveda María - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the clinical profile and outcome of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM). METHODS: We prospectively studied adult patients who presented with LETM from January 2008 to December 2011. Information on demographic, clinical course, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and outcome was collected. HLA-DRB1 ...
Sapkas George - - 2012
One hundred fourteen patients (66 men and 48 women; mean age, 49 years) underwent spine stabilization using a dynamic neutralization system between January 1999 and August 2010 for degenerative disk disease, spinal instability, or spinal stenosis. Mean follow-up was 6.8 years (range, 1-11 years). Seven patients were lost to follow-up. ...
Henry Mark M Hand and Wrist Center of Houston, 1200 Binz Street, 13th Floor, Houston, TX 77004 - - 2013
Six patients (five male, one female) between 51 and 64 years of age sustained ruptures of the right dominant flexor carpi radialis (FCR) tendon. Prior to rupture, within the past 3 months to 1 year, each had received one or two corticosteroid injections of the FCR tendon sheath for stenosing tenosynovitis. Three of ...
Hassan Ameer E - - 2012
Because several new devices for mechanical thrombectomy have become available, the outcomes of patients undergoing endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke are expected to improve in the United States. We performed this analysis to evaluate trends in utilization of endovascular treatment and associated rates of death and disability among acute ...
Ataker Yaprak - - 2012
Retrospective case series. When conservative modalities and therapies fail to control symptoms of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis, surgery may be indicated. To present a rehabilitation protocol used in a series of patient cases after suspension arthroplasty and to evaluate outcomes. Twenty-seven patients with CMC osteoarthritis were treated by the ...
Santamato Andrea - - 2012
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) represents the gold standard therapy for focal spasticity after stroke, with low prevalence of complications, reversibility, and efficacy in reducing spastic hypertonia. Current guidelines suggest the employment of a dosage up to 600 units (U) of BTX-A to treat spasticity after stroke, to avoid important adverse ...
Kotwal Suhel - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE:: To determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients undergoing minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) with a minimum 2-year follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Minimally invasive LLIF is performed through a lateral, retroperitoneal, transpsoas approach. This procedure is characterized by the use ...
Buijze Geert A - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the functional outcome of corrective osteotomy for combined intra- and extra-articular malunions of the distal radius using multiple outcome scores. METHODS: We evaluated 18 skeletally mature patients at an average of 78 months after corrective osteotomy for a combined intra- and extra-articular malunion of the distal ...
Di Paola John - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Treatment of rotator cuff tears in injured workers is associated with poorer outcomes and abnormally high utilization of clinical services. This study evaluates the effect on impairment and disability rates after the implementation of an accelerated independent rehabilitation protocol on injured workers undergoing mini-open rotator cuff repair. MATERIALS AND ...
Navi Babak B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although there are extensive data on long-term disability after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), there are few data on the trajectory of functional recovery after hospital discharge. METHODS: From October 2009 to April 2010, we prospectively followed consecutive patients with non-traumatic SAH discharged from a university hospital. Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ...
Grande I - - 2012
Grande I, Goikolea JM, de Dios C, González-Pinto A, Montes JM, Saiz-Ruiz J, Prieto E, Vieta E, for the PREBIS group. Occupational disability in bipolar disorder: analysis of predictors of being on severe disablement benefit PREBIS study data). Objective:  Patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) are reported to have significant ...
Wille M - - 2012
Intermittent hypoxia (IH) is a promising approach to induce acclimatization and hence lower the risk of developing acute mountain sickness (AMS). We hypothesized that a short-term IH protocol in normobaric hypoxia (7 × 1 h to 4500 m) effectively increases the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) and reduces the incidence and severity of AMS. Therefore, ...
Chung Cy S - - 2012
PURPOSE. To evaluate the treatment outcome of wrist and elbow arthroscopic synovectomy for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS. 3 men and 18 women aged 27 to 71 (mean, 54) years underwent arthroscopic synovectomy for rheumatoid arthritis of the wrist (n=12) and elbow (n=13). All patients had received multiple medications including ...
Nyakale N E NE Nuclear Medicine Department, University of Pretoria, South - - 2012
A 27-year-old neurologically disabled but fully conscious male zolpidem-responder patient was investigated for blood brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction 5 years after a traumatic brain injury. A baseline single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) technetium-99m-labelled hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTcHMPAO) brain scan was performed and the patient was administered 10 mg zolpidem daily. ...
Collongues Nicolas - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Few data are available about the effect of rituximab (RTX) on refractory (RM) and non-refractory (NRM) myasthenia. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study involved 13 RM and 7 NRM patients treated with sequential RTX infusions over 2 years, on average. RTX was used as a substitute for corticosteroids in NRM ...
Atabey Cem - - 2012
The aim of this study is to evaluate results of surgery in Degenerative Spondylolisthesis (DS) patients over 70 years old. MATERIAL and This is a non-randomized retrospective analysis of the clinical outcome of 34 patients older than 70 years who underwent surgery. At the end of two-year follow-up period, preoperative ...
Iosa M - - 2012
Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability for adults in industrialized societies. Rehabilitation's efforts are tended to avoid long-term impairments, but, actually, the rehabilitative outcomes are still poor. Novel tools based on new technologies have been developed to improve the motor recovery. In this paper, we have taken into ...
Verelst Sandra - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to assess the reliability of an in-depth analysis on causation, preventability, and disability by two separate review teams on five selected adverse events in acute hospitals: pressure ulcer, postoperative pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis, postoperative sepsis, ventilator-associated pneumonia and postoperative wound infection. The ...
Marlow William J - - 2012
This study reports the safety, efficacy and functional and patient centred outcomes of the largest published series of patients treated with the Rockwood clavicle pin (intramedullary device) to date. A retrospective review of case notes, radiographs and follow-up by questionnaire was conducted. 86 patients were operated upon, 70 for acute ...
Postema Sietke G - - 2012
To describe upper body structures associated with upper limb reduction deficiency and the development of these structures over time, to examine the presence of physical complaints in this population, and to compare body structures and complaints between groups based on prosthesis use. Prospective cohort study with a follow-up period of ...
Manchikanti Laxmaiah - - 2012
A randomized, active control, double-blind trial. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of fluoroscopically directed caudal epidural injections with or without steroids in managing chronic low back and lower extremity pain secondary to post lumbar surgery syndrome. Summary of Background Data: There is a paucity of evidence concerning caudal epidural injections ...
Mittal Anupam - - 2012
The benefits of hemicraniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke may not be apparent in the 3- to 6-months in which final outcomes are assessed in research studies. We present the case of a 15-year-old who underwent hemicraniectomy for malignant MCA stroke and was significantly disabled 3 and 6 months ...
Thomas Dixon - - 2012
Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) is a widely used measure to quantify the burden of diseases or illness. DALYs for a disease is calculated as the sum of the Years of Life Lost (YLL) due to premature mortality in the population and the equivalent healthy Years Lost due to Disability ...
Adogwa Owoicho O Division of Neurosurgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2012
Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) versus open TLIF, addressing lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) or grade I spondylolisthesis (DS), are associated with shorter hospital stays, decreased blood loss, quicker return to work, and equivalent short- and long-term outcomes. However, no prospective study has assessed whether the extent of ...
Chua Nicholas Hl NH Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, - - 2012
Whiplash patients regard cervicogenic headache (CEH) as the most burdensome symptom of their condition. Sufferers experience a significant degree of disability from headache, associated neck pain and disability, and sleep disturbance. Lateral C1/2 joint pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) treatment has been shown to produce significant relief from headache in patients with ...
Mansouri Kaweh - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of flunarizine, a nonselective calcium channel blocker, on intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OH). Randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, cross-over phase II trial. Ten patients diagnosed with bilateral OAG or OH were included. Each patient served as his ...
Mesci Cem - - 2011
To evaluate bimatoprost versus latanoprost and timolol fixed combination (LTFC) over the 24-hour diurnal curve in patients who switched from timolol. In this prospective, observer-masked, randomized clinical trial, 64 patients whose intraocular pressures (IOPs) were not effectively controlled with timolol were enrolled. At pretrial visit IOPs and central corneal thickness ...
Yuen Darana - - 2011
To compare the effect of topical steroids versus nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on intraocular pressure (IOP) and the hypertensive phase (HP) after Ahmed glaucoma valve surgery. Prospective, randomized, double-masked controlled trial. Twenty-eight consecutive consenting patients scheduled for Ahmed glaucoma valve surgery were randomized to receive either postoperative topical dexamethasone or ketorolac. ...
Park Un Chul - - 2011
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Ahmed Glaucoma Valve implantation (AGVI) for the management of neovascular glaucoma (NVG) associated with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) in the vitrectomized eyes. We reviewed the medical records of patients with NVG associated with PDR who underwent AGVI for intraocular pressure (IOP) control and ...
Coote Michael A - - 2011
To report the long-term efficacy and safety of same site revision trabeculectomy with mitomycin application via a posterior approach. A noncomparative retrospective case series of consecutive revision trabeculectomies performed for inadequate bleb function between March 2003 and March 2007 by a single surgeon. Surgery involved a posterior/fornix incision with opening ...
Panday Manish - - 2011
To determine the outcomes of bleb excision with free autologous conjunctival patch grafting for bleb leak and hypotony after glaucoma filtering surgery. Retrospective, consecutive, noncomparative case series. Outcome measures were closure of bleb leak, intraocular pressure (IOP), and best corrected visual acuity after patch grafting and complications from intervention. Complete ...
Unal Metin - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of suprachoroidal silicone tube shunt implantation in glaucoma. Twenty-four glaucomatous eyes unresponsive to medical treatment were included, 7 of them had earlier trabeculectomy. After preparation of a limbus-based scleral flap, 1.5 mm deep sclerotomy was made adjacent to scleral flap opening. Posterior end of ...
Cheng Jin-Wei - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability between nonpenetrating glaucoma surgery with (NPGS-MMC) and without (NPGS-noMMC) intraoperative mitomycin C application in the treatment of patients with open angle glaucoma. Pertinent studies were selected through extensive searches of the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and Chinese Biomedicine Database. Eight controlled clinical trials meeting ...
Cankaya Ali Bulent - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the anterior chamber depth (ACD) in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients during latanoprost therapy. We carried out a prospective study in which we enrolled 66 newly diagnosed POAG patients treated with latanoprost 0.005% (group 1) and 50 ocular hypertensive and ...
Aalto Timo J - - 2011
The aim was to study if postoperative rehabilitation improves functional outcome in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Surgically treated LSS patients (n = 102) were randomized to rehabilitation-group (A) and "standard postoperative treatment"--group (B). Intervention for A-group started 3 months postoperatively, consisting of once a week outpatient visits for 12 weeks ...
Fusaro Isabella - - 2011
Calcific tendinopathy of the rotator cuff is a chronic disease that mostly in the acute phase compromises the articular function. The aim of this study is to estimate the effectiveness of the ultrasonic-guided percutaneous treatment (UGPT) in association with the rehabilitative treatment. We evaluated 106 patients with calcific tendinopathy, treated ...
Alm Albert - - 2011
To evaluate the safety of fixed-combination latanoprost/timolol (Xalacom) in patients requiring additional intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction over 5 years. This phase 3b, open-label, multicenter study included prostaglandin-naive participants with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension insufficiently responsive to β-blockers and requiring additional IOP reduction. Participants were evaluated at eleven 6-month visits. ...
Chen Philip P - - 2011
To examine effects of early postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) spike in patients undergoing primary trabeculectomy in the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study. We identified patients with IOP spike ≥5 mm Hg above the baseline IOP on postoperative day 1 and those without IOP increase. The mean deviation (MD), pattern standard ...
Sorkhabi Rana - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of diclofenac sodium 0.1% on reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) by latanoprost 0.005% in glaucoma patients. Twenty-two patients with bilateral primary open angle glaucoma were enrolled in this study. All patients had been given only latanoprost for at least 4 weeks. Topical diclofenac sodium was additionally applied ...
Miyai Ichiro - - 2011
BACKGROUND: A new interdisciplinary postacute rehabilitation unit, the Kaifukuki (convalescent) rehabilitation ward (KRW), has been incorporated into the Japanese medical insurance system since 2000. More than 57 000 beds (45 beds per 100 000 population) are currently available nationwide. The maximal coverage for therapy sessions increased from 2 to 3 ...
Naylor Justine M - - 2011
Objective  Knee range of motion (ROM) at discharge from acute care is used as a clinical indicator following total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. This study aimed to assess the clinical relevance of this indicator by determining whether discharge knee ROM predicts longer-term knee ROM and patient-reported knee pain and function. ...
Torpilliesi Tiziana - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Hip fractures (HF) are a growing cause of death and disability among older people, especially in the very old. Although the incidence of these events increases with age and nonagenarians represent a population at high risk, few studies selectively focused on these patients and on their potential to recover ...
Labraca Nuria Sánchez - - 2011
To compare the benefits of initiating rehabilitation treatment within 24 hours versus 48-72 hours after total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis. Experimental study with clinical trial design. Patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to experimental (n = 153) and control (n = 153) groups. Rehabilitation was started within 24 hours ...
Canbulat Nazan - - 2011
Canbulat N, Sasani M, Ataker Y, Oktenoglu T, Berker N, Ercelen O, Cerezci O, Ozer AF, Berker E. A rehabilitation protocol for patients with lumbar degenerative disk disease treated with lumbar total disk replacement. OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate the efficacy of the rehabilitation protocol designed by the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ...
Ang Ghee S - - 2011
Background:  To compare Pascal dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) measurements with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) readings after adjustment with correction formulae in a population of Caucasian glaucoma and glaucoma suspect patients. Design:  Retrospective cross-sectional case series in a specialist glaucoma practice. Participants:  Consecutive glaucoma and glaucoma suspect Caucasian patients. Methods:  Case ...
Chalupka Stephanie - - 2011
Outcomes achieved via telerehabilitation 6 weeks following total knee arthroplasty were comparable to those achieved via conventional rehabilitation.
Takihara Yuji - - 2011
To evaluate the effects of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) before mitomycin C trabeculectomy (MMCT) for neovascular glaucoma (NVG). The study is a retrospective, comparative, consecutive case series. The study group consisted of 57 eyes from 50 patients with NVG who underwent a first MMCT: 33 eyes were treated with MMCT alone ...
Pajic Bojan - - 2011
The goal of this study is to show the efficacy and safety of an innovative surgical procedure regarding the treatment of open-angle and juvenile glaucoma known as sclerothalamotomy ab interno (STT ab interno). Between February and July 2002 surgery was performed in 58 eyes of 58 consecutive patients, of which ...
Liu Wei - - 2011
Objective.  Postoperative pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is not well tolerated. We assessed postoperative pain relief and the need for opioid use after using a cocktail of local and intraarticular analgesic injection (LIA) after THA. Methods.  Eighty patients undergoing THA under spinal anesthesia were randomly assigned to receive either ...
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