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Schwab Frank J - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN.: Prospective multicenter study evaluating operative (OP) versus nonoperative (NONOP) treatment for adult spinal deformity (ASD). OBJECTIVE.: Evaluate correlations between spinopelvic parameters and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) scores in patients with ASD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Sagittal spinal deformity is commonly defined by an increased sagittal vertical axis ...
Ouss Lisa - - 2013
West syndrome (WS) is a rare epileptic encephalopathy with early onset and a high risk of autistic outcome. The PréAut grid assesses this risk following WS onset by taking into account synchrony and emotion in interactions and by evaluating the baby's active desire to engage in pleasant interactions (especially the ...
Jull Gwendolen - - 2013
Acute whiplash is a heterogeneous disorder that becomes persistent in 40-60% of cases. Estimates of recovery have not changed in recent decades. This randomized, single blind, controlled trial tested whether multidisciplinary individualized treatments for patients with acute whiplash (<4 weeks post-injury) could reduce the incidence of chronicity at 6-months by ...
Bolster Mireille - - 2013
Abstract Inversion of the wound edges is one of the potential causes of postoperative scar tenderness after open carpal tunnel release. When using vertical mattress sutures (also named Donati sutures), inversion of wound edges is less likely to occur compared with single interrupted sutures. The purpose of this study was ...
Hsieh Lin-Fen - - 2013
PURPOSE: Although ultrasound (US)-guided subacromial injection has shown increased accuracy in needle placement, whether US-guided injection produces better clinical outcome is still controversial. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the efficacy of subacromial corticosteroid injection under ultrasound guidance with palpation-guided subacromial injection in patients with chronic subacromial bursitis. METHODS: Patients ...
Comstock Bryan A BA Departments of Biostatistics, Pediatrics, Medicine, and Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Washington, 4333 Brooklyn Ave NE, Box 359461, Seattle, WA 98195-9461; Department of Radiology, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, - - 2013
To evaluate 1-year outcomes of the Investigational Vertebroplasty Safety and Efficacy Trial (INVEST), a blinded, randomized, controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of percutaneous vertebroplasty in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Patients were enrolled at 11 sites in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia by using ...
González-Iglesias Javier - - 2013
The purpose of this case series was to describe the outcomes of patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) treated with mobilization with movement (MWM) directed at the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the cervical spine, thoracic manipulation, and trigger point (TrP) dry needling. Fifteen patients with TMD completed the Steigerwald/Maher TMD disability ...
Lisbeth Mendoza - - 2013
Summary: Vertigo has a negative impact on quality of life; therefore, it is important to find an effective and convenient therapy that allows patients to continue their everyday tasks as soon as possible and to have a better quality of life. Methods: There were two formulations used to assess the ...
Anselmetti Giovanni Carlo - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study was designed to assess the clinical outcomes of patients treated by vertebral augmentation with nitinol endoprosthesis (VNE) to treat painful vertebral compression fractures. METHODS: Forty patients with one or more painful osteoporotic VCF, confirmed by MRI and accompanied by back-pain unresponsive to a minimum 2 months of conservative ...
Yao Jeffrey - - 2013
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review the results at a minimum of 2 years of suture-button plasty with partial or full trapeziectomy and suture-button suspensionplasty. METHODS: We evaluated 21 patients who received suture-button suspensionplasty at least 2 years after surgery. We measured postoperative pinch strength, grip strength, range of motion, and metacarpal ...
Shunzhi Yu - - 2013
The optimal surgical approach for 4-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy is controversial. The authors compared the clinical outcomes, radiographic changes, and complications of 53 patients who underwent either discontinuous corpectomy and fusion (DCF) with reservation of the middle vertebra (n=29) or laminectomy and fusion (n=24). Neurological function was measured using Nurick's ...
Rao P S S - - 2013
Background & objectives: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) have been accepted as a useful method to estimate the burden of disease, and can be adapted to determine the number of productive years lost due to the disability. DALY has been reported for many studies but not for leprosy. Hence this study ...
Tanoue Koji - - 2013
AIM: To evaluate the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values for predicting the long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of patients with abusive head trauma (AHT). METHODS: ADC maps were retrospectively reviewed for 14 patients who presented with AHT at a mean age of 6.7 months (range: one month to 18 months) and the ...
Zivadinov R - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Pathologic changes in GM have an important role in MS. We investigated the association between SDGM and cortical volume changes and disability progression in early RRMS.MATERIALS AND METHODS:One hundred eighty patients with RRMS had clinical assessment during 5 years and were divided into those with or without SDP ...
Moon Jee Youn - - 2013
BACKGROUND:An alternative technique involving a "distal approach" can be used for lumbar medial branch radiofrequency denervation (LMBRFD). We described and assessed this technique by comparing it with a conventional tunnel vision approach in a prospective randomized trial.METHODS:Eighty-two patients underwent LMBRFD by a distal (n = 41) or a tunnel vision ...
van den Broek Marianne - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether early swelling and tenderness in large joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is predictive of later local damage and whether this leads to functional disability. METHODS: Two-year clinical and 8-year radiological followup data from the BeSt study (trial numbers NTR262 and NTR265), a randomized controlled ...
Gum Jeffrey L - - 2013
The authors identified patients with an increase in their Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score after lumbar spine fusion to evaluate whether this is a plausible definition of deterioration and to determine whether any common patient characteristics exist.A total of 1054 patients who underwent lumbar spinal fusion and had 2-year follow-up ...
Schwab Frank J - - 2013
: Study Design: Prospective multi-center study evaluating operative (OP) vs. nonoperative (NON) treatment for adult spinal deformity (ASD).Objective: Evaluate correlations between spino-pelvic parameters and health related quality of life (HRQL) scores in ASD patients.Summary of Background Data: Sagittal spinal deformity is commonly defined by an increased sagittal vertical axis (SVA), ...
Kaszap Balázs - - 2013
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcome between secondary trapezial excision after failed total trapeziometacarpal joint replacement and primary trapeziectomy. METHODS: Between October 2003 and July 2008, we performed 16 revision procedures in our institution because of failed trapeziometacarpal joint replacements. Of these patients, 15 were followed up. We compared clinical ...
Wollenweber Frank Arne - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Subclinical hyperthyroidism is associated with adverse cardiovascular events, including stroke and atrial fibrillation. However, its impact on functional outcome after stroke remains unexplored. METHODS: A total of 165 consecutively recruited patients admitted for ischemic stroke were included in this observational prospective study. Blood samples were taken in ...
Mandl Lisa A - - 2013
Total hip and total knee replacements (THR and TKR respectively), the definitive treatments for end-stage arthritis, are both safe and extremely successful in relieving pain and improving function. However, physicians who care for patients with chronic hip and knee arthritis are often the 'gatekeepers' to total joint replacement (TJR) procedures ...
Archavlis Eleftherios E Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum Offenbach, Akademisches Lehrkrankenhaus der Universität Frankfurt, Starkenburgring 66, 63069 Offenbach, Germany. - - 2013
The object of this study was to compare minimally invasive surgery (MIS) with open surgery in a severely affected subgroup of degenerative spondylolisthetic patients with severe stenosis (SDS) and high-grade facet osteoarthritis (FJO). From January 2009 to February 2010, 49 patients with severe SDS and high-grade FJO were treated using ...
Rodriguez Rosendo A - - 2013
Uncertainty regarding the long-term functional outcome of patients who awaken from coma after cardiac operations is difficult for families and physicians and may delay rehabilitation. We studied the long-term functional status of these patients to determine if duration of coma predicted outcome. We followed 71 patients who underwent cardiac operations; ...
Kim Jae Kwang - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: The objective of this study was to determine whether intra-operative laxity of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes following volar plate fixation of a distal radius fracture (DRF) and 4 weeks of immobilization. DESIGNS;: Prospective study with clinical and radiographic assessment SETTING;: Level 1 ...
Becker S J E SJ Orthopaedic Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA. - - 2013
In patients with trapeziometacarpal arthrosis, we tested the hypothesis that there is no difference in arm-specific disability 5-15 weeks after prescription of a pre-fabricated neoprene or a custom-made thermoplast hand-based thumb spica splint with the metacarpophalangeal joint included and the first interphalangeal joint free. One hundred nineteen patients with a ...
Chopko Bohdan W - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this report was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of mild lumbar decompression for the treatment of neurogenic claudication associated with lumbar spinal stenosis. This technique uses a percutaneous dorsal approach to remove small portions of ligament and lamina, thereby restoring space and decompressing the ...
Bhatia Robin - - 2013
Object Over the past 40 years, various methods and instrumentation types have been developed for occipitocervical fixation (OCF) in the management of occipitocervical instability. This study reports indications, outcomes, and complications with rigid OCF using screw-rod and screw-plate instrumentation, which has comparatively less long-term data. Methods A prospectively maintained database ...
Raju Seshadri - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Iliac vein stenting technology is rapidly emerging as a minimally invasive alternative to traditional open venovenous bypass procedures for iliac vein stenoses and chronic total occlusions. METHODS: Peer-reviewed publications meeting eligibility criteria were retrieved and reviewed from public domain databases. RESULTS: Reviewed reports encompass ∼1500 patients. Evidence quality was ...
Rowland Kate - - 2013
QUESTION Does a clinical prediction rule based on data collected at hospital admission predict risk for death and severe disability after acute ischemic stroke? METHODS DESIGN Registry-based cohort study with individual patient linkage to administrative databases and separate derivation and validation cohorts. SETTING 11 regional stroke centers in Ontario, Canada. ...
Camacho Elizabeth M - - 2013
Cross-sectional studies have found that learned helplessness (LH) is associated with disease outcome in patients with RA. However, little is known about the longitudinal impact of LH. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LH is associated with future disease outcome (disability, pain and fatigue) and to investigate ...
Virtanen Kaisa J - - 2013
Long-term outcome after surgery for grade-V acromioclavicular joint dislocation has not been reported. We performed a retrospective analysis of functional and radiographic outcome 15-22 years after surgery. We examined 50 patients who were treated at our hospital between April 1985 and December 1993. Various methods of stabilization were used: K-wires ...
Ryan Barbara - - 2013
AIMS: To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of the community-based Low Vision Service Wales (LVSW). METHODS: A long-term observational study of the Government-funded, community-based, low-vision rehabilitation service which operates in over 180 optometry practices in Wales. Participants were recruited from the LVSW (n=342; 246 women; median age 82 years) at baseline ...
Yin Si S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Yantawest Road, Xi'an, - - 2013
As the current standard treatment for symptomatic cervical disc disease, anterior cervical decompression and fusion may result in progressive degeneration or disease of the adjacent segments. Cervical disc arthroplasty was theoretically designed to be an ideal substitute for fusion by preserving motion at the operative level and delaying adjacent level ...
Seabury Seth A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: To examine the association between impairment ratings and earnings losses. METHODS:: We conducted a case-control study of 21,663 workers' compensation claimants in California with impairment ratings under the AMA Guides, fifth edition. Earnings losses represented the percent difference between the earnings of cases and controls 3 years after disability ...
Ozasa Yasuhiro - - 2013
PURPOSE: Malunion is a complication of distal radius fractures and may be associated with a nonunion of the ulnar styloid. We tested the null hypothesis that there is no difference in outcome between patients without ulnar styloid fracture and those with the ulnar styloid nonunion after corrective radial osteotomy for ...
Shinohara Takaaki - - 2013
To give a detailed clinical outcome analysis of a consecutive series of patients treated arthroscopically for traumatic triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) foveal tears. This study was a consecutive case series of 11 patients who underwent arthroscopically assisted repair for traumatic TFCC foveal lesions. The mean age at the time of ...
Vemuri Chandu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the early effectiveness of isolated pectoralis minor tenotomy (PMT) in the surgical treatment of selected patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) compared with supraclavicular decompression (SCD; as scalenectomy, neurolysis, and first rib resection) plus PMT (SCD+PMT). METHODS: Data were obtained for 200 patients undergoing operative ...
Kim Young-Kyun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological and psychosocial status of patients prior to and after orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients (13 males and 9 females) who underwent orthognathic surgery were examined in this study. The bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) group included ...
Zairi F - - 2013
Background Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is an efficient technique which can achieve a fusion rate of up to 90%. Minimally invasive approaches have become increasingly popular because they appear to minimize iatrogenic soft tissue and muscle injury. As minimally invasive TLIF gains popularity, its effectiveness compared with open TLIF has ...
Witsch J - - 2013
We aimed to determine long-term disability and quality of life in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) who required mechanical ventilation (MV) in the acute phase. Our retrospective cohort study included 110 GBS patients admitted to an intensive care unit and requiring MV (01/1999-08/2010) in nine German tertiary academic medical centers. ...
Borhani Haghighi Afshin - - 2013
Background: Endovascular treatment of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) includes pharmacological and mechanical thrombolysis. Methods: The authors searched the English literature on CVST from 1990 to 2012 for all case reports or case series of mechanical thrombectomy. Results: A total of 64 patients were treated in all published studies. The ...
Poon Woei Bing - - 2013
Introduction: Neurodevelopmental outcome of borderline viability neonates have lagged behind improvement in survival fi gures. Accurate fi gures based on local outcome allow us to better counsel parents and to prognosticate with greater accuracy on both short- and longterm outcomes. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 101 consecutively ...
Otani Naoki - - 2013
It is well known that patients with poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have poor outcomes owing to significant mass effect and brain stem compression. On the other hand, decompressive craniectomy (DC) has shown efficacy in reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with intracranial hypertension. Here, we study the efficacy of ...
Chrysostomou Constantinos C Critical Care Medicine, Cardiac Intensive Care, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC , Pittsburgh, PA , - - 2013
To characterize the neurodevelopmental outcomes and identify factors associated with poor outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Five year retrospective review, including demographics, cardiac lesion, and surgical complexity, reason for ECMO, ECMO complications, and neurodevelopmental status at discharge and latest follow-up. Neurodevelopmental status was determined through ...
Juel Niels Gunnar - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish a method for injecting corticosteroid into the rotator interval under sonographic guidance and to measure the effect on function, pain and range of motion after 4 and 12 weeks. This study involved a multicenter cohort trial and carried out at outpatient clinics of ...
Lenssinck Marie-Louise B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the occurrence and magnitude of workplace productivity loss and sick leave in inflammatory arthritis (IA) patients and to identify determinants. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, PsycINFO and CINAHL articles to July 2012 on IA and workplace productivity loss or sick leave were reviewed. Methodological quality was assessed by a ...
Mallinson P I - - 2013
To evaluate grading of thumb carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) osteoarthritis (OA) using ultrasound, correlating findings with disability and treatment response. Patients with symptomatic thumb OA attending for ultrasound-guided CMCJ steroid injection and a group of asymptomatic controls were recruited prospectively. Thumb CMCJ ultrasound was graded (osteophytes, joint-space narrowing, capsule size, and ...
Tatebe Masahiro - - 2012
Previous studies have investigated the long-term outcomes of ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) in the treatment of ulnocarpal abutment syndrome (UCA), but none have used arthroscopic assessments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term clinical outcomes of USO with patient-based, arthroscopic, and radiographic assessments. We retrospectively reviewed 30 ...
Pekkanen Liisa - - 2012
Purpose: To assess the disability and relationship between functional status and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients in the early recovery phase following spinal fusion. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study. Since 2008 data of spinal fusion patients have been collected prospectively in two Finnish hospitals. In ...
Omary R - - 2012
Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) significantly reduces mortality in patients with large hemispheric ischemic strokes but has not been studied in intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Male Sabra mice were subjected to large experimental ICH. The animals then underwent DHC or sham surgery. Early (1 day post-op) and late (5 days post-op) mortality rates and neurological ...
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