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Results 101 - 150 of 1758
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Ozasa Yasuhiro - - 2013
PURPOSE: Malunion is a complication of distal radius fractures and may be associated with a nonunion of the ulnar styloid. We tested the null hypothesis that there is no difference in outcome between patients without ulnar styloid fracture and those with the ulnar styloid nonunion after corrective radial osteotomy for ...
Shinohara Takaaki - - 2013
To give a detailed clinical outcome analysis of a consecutive series of patients treated arthroscopically for traumatic triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) foveal tears. This study was a consecutive case series of 11 patients who underwent arthroscopically assisted repair for traumatic TFCC foveal lesions. The mean age at the time of ...
Vemuri Chandu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the early effectiveness of isolated pectoralis minor tenotomy (PMT) in the surgical treatment of selected patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) compared with supraclavicular decompression (SCD; as scalenectomy, neurolysis, and first rib resection) plus PMT (SCD+PMT). METHODS: Data were obtained for 200 patients undergoing operative ...
Kim Young-Kyun - - 2013
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological and psychosocial status of patients prior to and after orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients (13 males and 9 females) who underwent orthognathic surgery were examined in this study. The bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) group included ...
Zairi F - - 2013
Background Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is an efficient technique which can achieve a fusion rate of up to 90%. Minimally invasive approaches have become increasingly popular because they appear to minimize iatrogenic soft tissue and muscle injury. As minimally invasive TLIF gains popularity, its effectiveness compared with open TLIF has ...
Witsch J - - 2013
We aimed to determine long-term disability and quality of life in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) who required mechanical ventilation (MV) in the acute phase. Our retrospective cohort study included 110 GBS patients admitted to an intensive care unit and requiring MV (01/1999-08/2010) in nine German tertiary academic medical centers. ...
Borhani Haghighi Afshin - - 2013
Background: Endovascular treatment of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) includes pharmacological and mechanical thrombolysis. Methods: The authors searched the English literature on CVST from 1990 to 2012 for all case reports or case series of mechanical thrombectomy. Results: A total of 64 patients were treated in all published studies. The ...
Poon Woei Bing - - 2013
Introduction: Neurodevelopmental outcome of borderline viability neonates have lagged behind improvement in survival fi gures. Accurate fi gures based on local outcome allow us to better counsel parents and to prognosticate with greater accuracy on both short- and longterm outcomes. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 101 consecutively ...
Otani Naoki - - 2013
It is well known that patients with poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have poor outcomes owing to significant mass effect and brain stem compression. On the other hand, decompressive craniectomy (DC) has shown efficacy in reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with intracranial hypertension. Here, we study the efficacy of ...
Chrysostomou Constantinos C Critical Care Medicine, Cardiac Intensive Care, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC , Pittsburgh, PA , - - 2013
Purpose: To characterize the neurodevelopmental outcomes and identify factors associated with poor outcomes in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Methods: Five year retrospective review, including demographics, cardiac lesion, and surgical complexity, reason for ECMO, ECMO complications, and neurodevelopmental status at discharge and latest follow-up. Neurodevelopmental status was ...
Juel Niels Gunnar - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish a method for injecting corticosteroid into the rotator interval under sonographic guidance and to measure the effect on function, pain and range of motion after 4 and 12 weeks. This study involved a multicenter cohort trial and carried out at outpatient clinics of ...
Lenssinck Marie-Louise B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To review the occurrence and magnitude of workplace productivity loss and sick leave in inflammatory arthritis (IA) patients and to identify determinants. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, PsycINFO and CINAHL articles to July 2012 on IA and workplace productivity loss or sick leave were reviewed. Methodological quality was assessed by a ...
Mallinson P I - - 2013
To evaluate grading of thumb carpometacarpal joint (CMCJ) osteoarthritis (OA) using ultrasound, correlating findings with disability and treatment response. Patients with symptomatic thumb OA attending for ultrasound-guided CMCJ steroid injection and a group of asymptomatic controls were recruited prospectively. Thumb CMCJ ultrasound was graded (osteophytes, joint-space narrowing, capsule size, and ...
Tatebe Masahiro - - 2012
Previous studies have investigated the long-term outcomes of ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) in the treatment of ulnocarpal abutment syndrome (UCA), but none have used arthroscopic assessments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term clinical outcomes of USO with patient-based, arthroscopic, and radiographic assessments. We retrospectively reviewed 30 ...
Pekkanen Liisa - - 2012
Purpose: To assess the disability and relationship between functional status and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients in the early recovery phase following spinal fusion. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study. Since 2008 data of spinal fusion patients have been collected prospectively in two Finnish hospitals. In ...
Omary R - - 2012
Decompressive hemicraniectomy (DHC) significantly reduces mortality in patients with large hemispheric ischemic strokes but has not been studied in intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Male Sabra mice were subjected to large experimental ICH. The animals then underwent DHC or sham surgery. Early (1 day post-op) and late (5 days post-op) mortality rates and neurological ...
Kristensen Lars Erik - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To study long-term work disability before and after tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-antagonist therapy in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Using the population-based South Swedish Arthritis Treatment Group Register, we identified 191 patients with PsA (median age 43 years, range 18-58 years, 54% men), who between January 2003 and ...
Cabre Philippe - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of mitoxantrone (MTX) on clinical and neuroradiological parameters of patients who had a relapse of neuromyelitis optica spectrum (NMOS) within the 12 previous months. METHODS: MTX (12 mg/m(2)) combined with methylprednisolone 1 g as three monthly courses followed by three quarterly courses was administered during ...
Mühldorfer-Fodor Marion - - 2012
To evaluate the differences between radioscapholunate (RSL) arthrodesis alone versus RSL arthrodesis with additional distal scaphoidectomy. We retrospectively evaluated 61 patients who were treated with RSL arthrodesis for painful posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Thirty patients had an RSL arthrodesis with additional resection of the distal scaphoid pole (group A), and 31 had ...
Wolf Maya B - - 2012
To compare short- and midterm functional and subjective outcomes of arthroscopically repaired Palmer 1B tears. At 2 time points, we evaluated 49 patients with Palmer 1B tears who underwent arthroscopic repair. We examined 46 patients (23 males and 23 females) in the short-term at an average of 11 months (range, ...
Licina Paul - - 2012
Study design:  A prospective case series of patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery. Objective:  Is there a correlation between patients' expectations before lumbar surgery, postoperative outcomes, and satisfaction levels? Methods:  A prospective study of 145 patients undergoing primary, single-level surgery for degenerative lumbar conditions was conducted. Oswestry Disability Index, back Visual ...
Ballotta Enzo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although aortoiliofemoral bypass grafting is the optimal revascularization method for patients with severe aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD), previous studies have documented poor patency rates in young adults. This study investigated whether young patients with AIOD have worse outcomes in patency, limb salvage, and long-term survival rates after reconstructive surgery ...
Gum Jeffrey L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. Propensity-matched case control study.Objective. To examine the impact of compensation status on clinical outcomes following lumbar spine fusion.Summary of Background Data. Workers' compensation has been associated with inferior outcomes after treatment of low back pain. However, patients receiving other forms of compensation, such as long-term disability or ...
Ames James B - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the association between the acromial index and full-thickness rotator cuffs and to determine if the size of the acromial index was associated with outcomes in a cohort of patients who had had arthroscopic repair of full-thickness rotator cuff tears. The acromial index ...
Sepúlveda María - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the clinical profile and outcome of longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM). METHODS: We prospectively studied adult patients who presented with LETM from January 2008 to December 2011. Information on demographic, clinical course, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and outcome was collected. HLA-DRB1 ...
Sapkas George - - 2012
One hundred fourteen patients (66 men and 48 women; mean age, 49 years) underwent spine stabilization using a dynamic neutralization system between January 1999 and August 2010 for degenerative disk disease, spinal instability, or spinal stenosis. Mean follow-up was 6.8 years (range, 1-11 years). Seven patients were lost to follow-up. ...
Henry Mark M Hand and Wrist Center of Houston, 1200 Binz Street, 13th Floor, Houston, TX 77004 - - 2013
Six patients (five male, one female) between 51 and 64 years of age sustained ruptures of the right dominant flexor carpi radialis (FCR) tendon. Prior to rupture, within the past 3 months to 1 year, each had received one or two corticosteroid injections of the FCR tendon sheath for stenosing tenosynovitis. Three of ...
Hassan Ameer E - - 2012
Because several new devices for mechanical thrombectomy have become available, the outcomes of patients undergoing endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke are expected to improve in the United States. We performed this analysis to evaluate trends in utilization of endovascular treatment and associated rates of death and disability among acute ...
Ataker Yaprak - - 2012
Retrospective case series. When conservative modalities and therapies fail to control symptoms of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis, surgery may be indicated. To present a rehabilitation protocol used in a series of patient cases after suspension arthroplasty and to evaluate outcomes. Twenty-seven patients with CMC osteoarthritis were treated by the ...
Santamato Andrea - - 2012
Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) represents the gold standard therapy for focal spasticity after stroke, with low prevalence of complications, reversibility, and efficacy in reducing spastic hypertonia. Current guidelines suggest the employment of a dosage up to 600 units (U) of BTX-A to treat spasticity after stroke, to avoid important adverse ...
Kotwal Suhel - - 2012
STUDY DESIGN:: Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE:: To determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients undergoing minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) with a minimum 2-year follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA:: Minimally invasive LLIF is performed through a lateral, retroperitoneal, transpsoas approach. This procedure is characterized by the use ...
Buijze Geert A - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the functional outcome of corrective osteotomy for combined intra- and extra-articular malunions of the distal radius using multiple outcome scores. METHODS: We evaluated 18 skeletally mature patients at an average of 78 months after corrective osteotomy for a combined intra- and extra-articular malunion of the distal ...
Di Paola John - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Treatment of rotator cuff tears in injured workers is associated with poorer outcomes and abnormally high utilization of clinical services. This study evaluates the effect on impairment and disability rates after the implementation of an accelerated independent rehabilitation protocol on injured workers undergoing mini-open rotator cuff repair. MATERIALS AND ...
Navi Babak B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although there are extensive data on long-term disability after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), there are few data on the trajectory of functional recovery after hospital discharge. METHODS: From October 2009 to April 2010, we prospectively followed consecutive patients with non-traumatic SAH discharged from a university hospital. Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ...
Grande I - - 2012
Grande I, Goikolea JM, de Dios C, González-Pinto A, Montes JM, Saiz-Ruiz J, Prieto E, Vieta E, for the PREBIS group. Occupational disability in bipolar disorder: analysis of predictors of being on severe disablement benefit PREBIS study data). Objective:  Patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) are reported to have significant ...
Wille M - - 2012
Intermittent hypoxia (IH) is a promising approach to induce acclimatization and hence lower the risk of developing acute mountain sickness (AMS). We hypothesized that a short-term IH protocol in normobaric hypoxia (7 × 1 h to 4500 m) effectively increases the hypoxic ventilatory response (HVR) and reduces the incidence and severity of AMS. Therefore, ...
Chung Cy S - - 2012
PURPOSE. To evaluate the treatment outcome of wrist and elbow arthroscopic synovectomy for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS. 3 men and 18 women aged 27 to 71 (mean, 54) years underwent arthroscopic synovectomy for rheumatoid arthritis of the wrist (n=12) and elbow (n=13). All patients had received multiple medications including ...
Nyakale N E NE Nuclear Medicine Department, University of Pretoria, South - - 2012
A 27-year-old neurologically disabled but fully conscious male zolpidem-responder patient was investigated for blood brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction 5 years after a traumatic brain injury. A baseline single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) technetium-99m-labelled hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (99mTcHMPAO) brain scan was performed and the patient was administered 10 mg zolpidem daily. ...
Collongues Nicolas - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Few data are available about the effect of rituximab (RTX) on refractory (RM) and non-refractory (NRM) myasthenia. METHODS: This retrospective multicenter study involved 13 RM and 7 NRM patients treated with sequential RTX infusions over 2 years, on average. RTX was used as a substitute for corticosteroids in NRM ...
Atabey Cem - - 2012
The aim of this study is to evaluate results of surgery in Degenerative Spondylolisthesis (DS) patients over 70 years old. MATERIAL and This is a non-randomized retrospective analysis of the clinical outcome of 34 patients older than 70 years who underwent surgery. At the end of two-year follow-up period, preoperative ...
Iosa M - - 2012
Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability for adults in industrialized societies. Rehabilitation's efforts are tended to avoid long-term impairments, but, actually, the rehabilitative outcomes are still poor. Novel tools based on new technologies have been developed to improve the motor recovery. In this paper, we have taken into ...
Verelst Sandra - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to assess the reliability of an in-depth analysis on causation, preventability, and disability by two separate review teams on five selected adverse events in acute hospitals: pressure ulcer, postoperative pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis, postoperative sepsis, ventilator-associated pneumonia and postoperative wound infection. The ...
Marlow William J - - 2012
This study reports the safety, efficacy and functional and patient centred outcomes of the largest published series of patients treated with the Rockwood clavicle pin (intramedullary device) to date. A retrospective review of case notes, radiographs and follow-up by questionnaire was conducted. 86 patients were operated upon, 70 for acute ...
Postema Sietke G - - 2012
To describe upper body structures associated with upper limb reduction deficiency and the development of these structures over time, to examine the presence of physical complaints in this population, and to compare body structures and complaints between groups based on prosthesis use. Prospective cohort study with a follow-up period of ...
Manchikanti Laxmaiah - - 2012
A randomized, active control, double-blind trial. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of fluoroscopically directed caudal epidural injections with or without steroids in managing chronic low back and lower extremity pain secondary to post lumbar surgery syndrome. Summary of Background Data: There is a paucity of evidence concerning caudal epidural injections ...
Mittal Anupam - - 2012
The benefits of hemicraniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke may not be apparent in the 3- to 6-months in which final outcomes are assessed in research studies. We present the case of a 15-year-old who underwent hemicraniectomy for malignant MCA stroke and was significantly disabled 3 and 6 months ...
Thomas Dixon - - 2012
Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) is a widely used measure to quantify the burden of diseases or illness. DALYs for a disease is calculated as the sum of the Years of Life Lost (YLL) due to premature mortality in the population and the equivalent healthy Years Lost due to Disability ...
Adogwa Owoicho O Division of Neurosurgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2012
Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) versus open TLIF, addressing lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) or grade I spondylolisthesis (DS), are associated with shorter hospital stays, decreased blood loss, quicker return to work, and equivalent short- and long-term outcomes. However, no prospective study has assessed whether the extent of ...
Mansouri Kaweh - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of flunarizine, a nonselective calcium channel blocker, on intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OH). Randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, cross-over phase II trial. Ten patients diagnosed with bilateral OAG or OH were included. Each patient served as his ...
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