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Petersen Jakob J Hydrocephalus Research Unit, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
Object To investigate the impact of shunt surgery on the activity, participation, autonomy, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) as well as the effect on caregiver burden. Methods Thirty-seven patients (median age 70 years, range 50-89 years) with iNPH were evaluated before and ...
Wang Szu-Heng SH Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, - - 2014
This study evaluated the risk of non-fatal ischaemic stroke associated with increased long-term cumulative duration of atrial tachycardia (AT). We retrospectively reviewed the records of 260 patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices capable of monitoring AT. Patients were separated into zero, low and high AT burden groups. The cut-off point ...
Soileau Michael J MJ Department of Neurology, University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Background: Little is known about caregiver burden in Parkinson disease (PD) patients undergoing brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. Objective: The aim of this exploratory analysis was to evaluate whether caregiver burden improves after bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) DBS for PD patients and identify baseline factors associated with caregiver burden. Methods: We ...
Morgenstein Aaron A *Atlanta Medical Center, Atlanta, GA †Shriners Hospital ‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
The treatment of clubfoot by the Ponseti method requires the utilization of a foot abduction orthosis (FAO) after manipulation and casting. Adherence to this protocol, specifically FAO wear rates, has been postulated to improve treatment outcomes. Our hypothesis was that caregiver-reported wear rates were significantly less than actual wear rates ...
Palmer Pamela P PP AcelRx Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Redwood City, CA, USA; University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Moderate-to-severe postoperative pain is usually controlled using a multimodal approach, including opioids. Intravenously administered patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) with opioids, popular for over 40 years, enables patients to control their level of analgesia and has advantages over a nurse-administered approach, including more satisfied patients and improved pain relief. Unfortunately, IV ...
Lewis Catharine J CJ Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
Quality of life (QoL) improves under subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease (PD), whereas social functioning may be disrupted. This disruption could negatively influence the family dynamic, leading to different perceptions of the STN-DBS outcome by patients and caregivers. We recruited 34 PD patients for this prospective, controlled ...
Boriani Giuseppe G Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, Institute of Cardiology, University of Bologna, S.Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Via Massarenti 9, Bologna 40138, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the association between maximum daily atrial fibrillation (AF) burden and risk of ischaemic stroke. Cardiac implanted electronic devices (CIEDs) enhance detection of AF, providing a comprehensive measure of AF burden. A pooled analysis of individual patient data from five prospective studies was ...
Onur Ozge E OE Department of Emergency Medicine, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, - - 2013
Aspiration pneumonia is a potentially preventable illness requiring attention to small details of patient care. The type, management, and care of feeding should be carried out properly. This is a prospective clinical study of enteral feeding on patients admitted to hospital with aspiration pneumonia. The known enteral nutritional methods, advantages, ...
Dasgupta Monidipa - - 2013
Despite treatment of the associated condition, delirious persons do not always recover for unknown reasons. We sought to determine early prognostic indicators of poor recovery following an episode of delirium in older medical in-patients. Between October 2009 and July 2011, consecutively admitted older (≥70 years old) medical in-patients at the London ...
Chen Pin-Liang - - 2013
The potential relationship between anaesthesia, surgery and onset of dementia remains elusive. To determine whether the risk of dementia increases after surgery with anaesthesia, and to evaluate possible associations among age, mode of anaesthesia, type of surgery and risk of dementia. The study cohort comprised patients aged 50 years and ...
Tan C - - 2013
To explore the use of the Risk Assessment and Predictor Tool (RAPT) as a pre-operative tool to predict postoperative discharge destination and length of stay for patients undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) in Singapore. A cohort of 569 patients undergoing primary TKR at the Singapore General Hospital were recruited prospectively ...
Bryson Gregory L - - 2013
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this prospective cohort study was to assess the impact of ambulatory surgery on patient function one week and one month following surgery among surgical patients ≥ 65 yr of age. Secondary objectives were to determine whether changes in patient function were correlated with increased burden of care in ...
Barry Gerard P - - 2013
To determine the effectiveness of a series of policy changes designed to increase the attendance rate for outpatient retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening examinations. We retrospectively reviewed the records of consecutive neonatal intensive care unit patients before and after the implementation of policy changes. Policy changes included parent education forms, ...
Bloch Scott A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies demonstrate that patients often have difficulty understanding their discharge instructions. Video discharge instructions have the potential to mitigate factors such as illiteracy and limited physician time, which may affect comprehension. Our goal is to determine if adding video discharge instructions affects caregivers' understanding of their child's emergency ...
Luck Raemma - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare cosmetic outcomes, complication rates, and patient/caregiver satisfaction of absorbable versus nonabsorbable sutures in children. METHODS: Healthy patients, 1 to 18 years old, with facial lacerations 1 to 5 cm, were randomized to repair with fast-absorbing catgut (FAC) or nylon (NYL) sutures. Patients returned in 4 ...
Ostwald Sharon K SK Center on Aging, School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2013
To identify the incidence of adverse events (AE) that occurred in stroke survivors during the first year following discharge from inpatient rehabilitation and to determine the type and patterns of AE. Data were collected for 12 months on events resulting in admissions to the emergency department, hospital, long-term care facility, or ...
Santos Paulo Sérgio da Silva - - 2013
To evaluate the effectiveness of a tongue cleaner in the removal of tongue biofilm in mechanically ventilated patients. Tongue biofilm and tracheal secretion samples were collected from a total of 50 patients: 27 in the study group (SG) who were intubated or tracheostomized under assisted ventilation and treated with the ...
Agashe Mandar - - 2013
Subtrochanteric valgus osteotomy has been used for painful hip joint dislocation in patients with severe cerebral palsy. The goal of this study was to evaluate 11 patients (17 hips) with severe cerebral palsy who had chronically dislocated and painful hips treated with subtrochanteric valgus osteotomy using a monolateral external fixator.A ...
Mochari-Greenberger Heidi - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Patients who have undergone cardiac surgery, especially those with greater comorbidities, may be cared for by family members or paid aides. OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between having a caregiver among patients who underwent cardiac surgery and clinical outcomes at 1 year. We ...
Maynard Steven Douglas - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of caprylic triglyceride (CT) in patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) in routine clinical practice via review of medical records and caregiver questionnaires. Participants were outpatients aged ≥50 years with a diagnosis of probable mild-to-moderate AD who had received CT ...
Fischer-Tenhagen C - - 2012
Yellowish discharge after application of intravaginal progesterone releasing inserts is frequently observed in cows. The objective of this study was to compare the bacteriological contamination of the vagina and uterus before and after a treatment with a progesterone insert in heifers. Forty-two Holstein heifers received a progesterone releasing insert [Eazi-Breed ...
Giannelli Marco - - 2012
AIM: Comparing the efficacy of photoablative and photodynamic diode laser in adjunct to scaling -root planing (SRP) and SRP alone for the treatment of chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients were studied. Maxillary left or right quadrants were randomly assigned to sham-laser treatment + SRP or laser + SRP. This consisted of photoablative ...
Javed Amit - - 2012
A majority of patients with esophageal cancer present with inoperable disease and require rapid and long-lasting palliation of dysphagia. To compare the duration of relief of dysphagia in patients with inoperable esophageal cancer treated with esophageal stenting alone or a combination of esophageal stenting and external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), and ...
Wessely Rainer - - 2011
Patients that receive coronary bare-metal or drug-eluting stents have to be maintained on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for at least 4 weeks or 12 months, respectively. The prolonged time period required for drug-eluting stents is the result of delayed vascular healing that is associated with the drug and the polymeric ...
Young C J - - 2011
Aim  Large bowel obstruction (LBO) is a surgical emergency that requires urgent operative intervention and often a stoma. The introduction of a self-expanding metallic stent provides an alternative for this group of patients. The aim of this study was to assess prospectively the results in the first 100 consecutive patients ...
West Malcolm - - 2011
There is an increasing evidence base to support the use of self-expanding metallic gastrointestinal stents. In patients with colorectal cancer, they are used as a bridge to surgery and for palliation. The purposes of this study are to assess technical success, clinical outcome, complication rate and patency following colonic stent ...
Karabay Can Yücel - - 2011
Despite significant benefits including mortality advantage demonstrated with antiplatelet therapy in large clinical trials, the occurrence of adverse ischemic events, including stent thrombosis after percutaneous coronary intervention has been the challenging and devastating complication. Clopidogrel as a monotherapy, or more common in combination with aspirin, represents a cornerstone of modern ...
Du Zhiyu - - 2011
Purpose: To observe the inhibitory effect of tetrandrine on haze formation after Epi-LASIK surgery in rabbits. Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven healthy New Zealand rabbits were selected and underwent Epi-LASIK surgery. According to a self comparison principle, these rabbits were randomly divided into three groups. The first group was treated with ...
La Manna Alessio - - 2011
Strut coverage represents the most powerful morphometric predictor of stent thrombosis and the best surrogate indicator of endothelization. The aim of this study was to get new insights on temporal patterns of vessel healing after stenting with different types of stent. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to investigate the ...
Carlin-Menter Shannon - - 2011
: Previous studies have found that offering additional callback counseling support to smokers calling a telephone quit line increases quit rates. However, what is less certain is the most cost-efficient protocol for offering such a service. : This study compares the efficacy of offering 2 versus 4 counseling callbacks after ...
Balduyck Bram - - 2011
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of smoking status on quality of life (QoL) after non-small-cell lung cancer surgery with the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QoL Questionnaire-C30 and LC13. Methods: QoL was prospectively recorded in 70 consecutive patients undergoing lobectomy or pneumonectomy. Questionnaires ...
Nakata Isao - - 2011
PURPOSE: To investigate whether photodynamic therapy (PDT) outcomes of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) are related to baseline clinical characteristics, smoking history, or genetic factors by analyzing the retreatment-free period after the first PDT. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: The study consisted of 167 patients with PCV who underwent PDT as ...
Planer David - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Smokers hospitalized with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are at high risk for subsequent ischemic events. Nevertheless, over two-thirds of patients continue to smoke after an acute myocardial infarction. Bupropion hydrochloride has proven efficacy as a smoking cessation aid, but data regarding its safety and efficacy in ACS patients are ...
Klomp Margo M Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2011
We assessed the 1-year clinical outcome in a large cohort of unselected patients treated with an endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) capturing coronary stent. The novel EPC capturing stent is coated with CD34+ antibodies that bind circulating EPCs to the stent surface, thereby accelerating endothelialization of the stent struts; it is ...
Gandhi Nainesh K - - 2011
Few studies have described the frequency and risk of surgery after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. The medical records of 827 consecutive patients who received a DES at our institution between January 1, 2005 and July 1, 2008 were retrospectively reviewed to determine the outcomes of patients who subsequently underwent noncardiac ...
Magro Michael M Department of Interventional Cardiology, Thoraxcenter, Erasmus University MC, Rotterdam, The - - 2011
Treatment of bifurcation lesions with the Tryton Sidebranch stent has been shown to be feasible with an acceptable clinical outcome and low side branch late loss in the first in man trial. To report acute procedural and six month clinical follow-up after the use of the Tryton Sidebranch stent in ...
Walker Natalie - - 2011
Aims:  To determine the effect of offering smokers who want to quit easy access to nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), a period of familiarisation, and choice of product, on smoking abstinence at six months. Design:  Single-blind, randomised controlled trial. Setting:  New Zealand. Participants:  1,410 adult smokers who called the national Quitline ...
Hui Jennifer I - - 2011
To describe a stent placement method that eliminates stent prolapse in external dacryocystorhinostomy. A retrospective, institutional review board- approved case series of patients undergoing external dacryocystorhinostomy with an alternative stenting method. Following anastomosis of the posterior flaps, one arm of a Crawford silicone stent is passed through each canaliculus. Both ...
Czarnetzki Christoph - - 2011
There is empirical evidence that smokers are less likely to suffer from postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). We sought to investigate whether transcutaneus nicotine prevents PONV. Non-smokers receiving general anaesthesia for surgery were randomly allocated to Nicotinell Patch 10cm(2) (TTS 10), containing 17.5mg of nicotine (average delivery rate, 7mg 24h(-1) ) ...
Warner David O - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Telephone quitlines that provide counseling support are efficacious in helping cigarette smokers quit and have been widely disseminated; currently, they are underused. Surgery represents a teachable moment for smoking cessation, which can benefit surgical outcomes; however, few surgical patients receive smoking cessation interventions. This study developed and tested a ...
Williams Jerneen H - - 2011
Background: Cigarette smoking remains a health issue despite declining prevalence in Australia. The burden of tobacco related morbidity affects hospitals, particularly those in lower socioeconomic areas where prevalence is highest. We have shown that NRT use during hospitalisation increases motivation to quit post-discharge. We postulated that subjects using the nicotine ...
Prisman Eitan - - 2011
Congenital bilateral vocal fold paralysis (BVP) is a rare but serious condition often requiring a tracheostomy to temporize the airway. In cases of idiopathic BVP, studies suggest waiting twelve months prior to laryngeal surgery because of a high rate of spontaneous recovery. Therefore a less invasive and reversible intervention would ...
Giannarini Gianluca - - 2011
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Although it has long been known that ureteric stenting is associated with significant morbidity in a high proportion of patients, predictors of morbidity remain largely elusive. In a multivariable analysis ...
Hatano Taketo - - 2011
: Although it is thought to be a safe treatment option, the main concerns related to treating vertebral artery ostium (VAO) stenosis with stents have been the rate of restenosis and the uncertain long-term results. : To evaluate the angiographic and clinical results of stent placement for atherosclerotic stenosis of ...
Hu Bing - - 2011
Antireflux stents that prevent duodenal biliary reflux may improve biliary drainage and prolong stent patency. However, the use of antireflux metal stents (ARMSs) in the human biliary system has not been reported. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ARMSs for the palliation of unresectable distal biliary malignancies. A retrospective ...
Wang Wu - - 2011
We report our single-center experience using detachable balloons (DB), coils and Willis covered stents (MicroPort, Shanghai, China) to treat post-traumatic direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (DCCFs), focusing on preservation of the internal carotid artery (ICA). We retrospectively reviewed the records of 51 patients who received endovascular treatment (EVT). EVT with DBs was ...
Hussain Hafiz G - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of carotid cell design on duplex ultrasound velocity readings in the immediate postoperative period and over time. A prospective database encompassing all patients treated with carotid artery stents between 2003 and 2008 was established and analyzed for stent type (closed-cell ...
Chen Xinpu - - 2011
Atherosclerotic stenosis originating from the vertebral artery (VA) is a well-known cause of stroke in the posterior circulation. Stent-assisted angioplasty using a bare metal stent is safe but used in a limited number of patients due to high rates of in-stent restenosis (ISR). A drug-eluting stent (DES) is an alternative ...
Cantor Jerome O - - 2011
Aerosolized hyaluronan (HA) has been previously shown to prevent cigarette smoke-induced airspace enlargement and elastic fiber injury in mice when given concurrently with smoke. In the present study, a more stringent test of the therapeutic potential of HA was performed by delaying treatment with this agent for 1 month. After treatment ...
Ahmed Waqar H - - 2011
The TAXUS OLYMPIA registry is a prospective, global, post-approval program designed to collect clinical outcome data through 1 year from patients receiving the TAXUS Liberté paclitaxel-eluting stent in routine interventional cardiology practice. The thin-strut TAXUS Liberté stent has been studied in ongoing clinical trials with specific inclusion/exclusion criteria. Between September ...
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