Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2011
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Halimi Franck - - 2008
The OEDIPE trial examined the safety and efficacy of an abbreviated hospitalization after implantation or replacement of dual-chamber pacemakers (PM) using a telecardiology-based ambulatory surveillance programme. Patients were randomly assigned to (i) an active group, discharged from the hospital 24 h after a first PM implant or 4-6 h after ...
Gulbins Helmut - - 2008
BACKGROUND: One major advantage of biologic aortic valve prostheses is their low thrombogenicity compared with mechanical prostheses. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of cerebrovascular events during long-term follow-up after stentless aortic valve replacement. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2005, 1,014 patients (mean age, 73 years; range, ...
Favaloro Roberto R - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to assess the long-term results of the Ross procedure in the treatment of aortic valve disease. METHODS: Between July 1995 and May 2006, a total of 165 patients (131 males, 34 females; mean age 39 +/- 13 years) underwent the ...
Toumpoulis Ioannis K - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Patients with heart valve surgery may have a periprocedural mortality extending up to one year after surgery. The study aim was to determine independent predictors for in-hospital and long-term mortality after heart valve surgery. METHODS: A total of 1,376 consecutive patients who underwent isolated ...
Manchikanti Kavita N - - 2008
To assess the prevalence of opioid-related deaths in patients in an interventional pain management tertiary referral center. Patient deaths from March 2003 to February 2007 were evaluated. From March 2003 to February 2007, 2,179 patients were receiving opioids in 2003, 2,445 in 2004, 2,804 in 2005, and 2,965 in 2006, ...
Tanaka Keizo - - 2008
PURPOSE: The Edwards Prima Plus stentless valve bioprosthesis (EPPSV) is a porcine aortic root cylinder with resected coronary ostia, fixed in glutaraldehyde at low pressure, and chemically treated to prevent calcification. Utilization of this valve was approved in January 2005 in Japan. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ...
Otten Amber M - - 2008
AIMS: An increasing number of patients are referred for percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR). Although case studies are available on outcome of selected patients, little is known about the demographics, treatment assignment and survival of the total referred population. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a prospective observational cohort study. From ...
Kato Yasuyuki - - 2008
PURPOSE: Controversy still exists about the influence of prosthesis-patient mismatch on outcomes after aortic valve replacement in the elderly. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of prosthesis-patient mismatch on survival and the extent of left ventricular (LV) mass regression after aortic valve replacement for aortic stenosis in Japanese patients ...
Miller Matthew M - - 2008
We report a case of a 57-year-old patient with a history of a Starr-Edwards mitral valve prosthesis and DeBakey-Surgitool aortic valve prosthesis implanted 30 years ago who presented with symptoms consistent with class IV heart failure. The patient had been on no anticoagulation for approximately 30 years secondary to recurrent ...
Filsoufi Farzan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Few previous studies have reported on the outcome of patients with renal failure (RF) undergoing valvular surgery, particularly with regard to choice of valve prosthesis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed prospectively collected data from 155 patients with RF (mean age 62 +/- 14, 42% female) who underwent left-sided valve surgery ...
Ryomoto Masaaki - - 2008
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) on survival and left ventricular mass regression in elderly patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on patients >65 years old who underwent isolated AVR from 1990 and 2007 were analyzed retrospectively. ...
Reyes-Cerezo Esteban - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the impact and safety of fibrinolytic therapy (FT) in left - side prosthetic valve acute thrombosis (PVAT). Study objective: To improve our knowledge about the FT role in left -side PVAT. DESIGN: Bibliographic search and analysis. METHODS: MEDLINE search from January 1970 to January ...
Snygg-Martin Ulrika - - 2008
Background. @nbsp; Cerebrovascular complications (CVCs) have remained a major therapeutic and prognostic challenge associated with infective endocarditis, and definite risk factors have not been fully elucidated. This prospective study was designed to the evaluate the total incidence of CVC associated with infective endocarditis and major risk factors. Methods. @nbsp; During ...
Guenther Thomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Tricuspid valve (TV) surgery is usually performed as a concomitant reconstruction procedure in addition to the correction of other cardiac pathologies. Isolated tricuspid procedures are exceptionally rare. Prosthetic valve replacement is also seldom required. Generally, these patients face a high risk of operative mortality and long-term outcome is poor. ...
Musci Michele - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We investigated outcomes after surgical therapy in patients with active infective endocarditis (AIE) with regard to survival in relation to surgical urgency, valve position, number of valves implanted and abscess formation. We aimed to identify independent risk factors for early mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-five patients ...
van Galen G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Few studies exist about factors affecting the outcome of horses with tetanus. ANIMALS: 31 equids (30 horses and 1 donkey) with a clinical diagnosis of tetanus admitted to the Equine Clinic of the University of Liege between 1991 and 2006. The cases were divided into two groups according to ...
Benhameid O - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to carry out a current assessment of the Mitroflow pericardial bioprosthesis (model 11) according to the durability of the prosthesis after 15 years in patients aged 60 years or older. METHODS: This bioprosthesis was implanted in 161 patients (mean age 69.5 +/- 6.3 ...
Piazza Nicolo - - 2008
In this retrospective study, we examined the incidence of post-procedural conduction abnormalities and the need for pacing in patients undergoing percutaneous implantation of the aortic valve. Safety and feasibility studies have suggested anecdotally the occurrence of conduction abnormalities and requirements for pacing after percutaneous implantation of the aortic valve. We ...
Duncan Andra Ibrahim - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Severe left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy increases risk for adverse outcome after aortic valve replacement. Whether LV geometry influences mortality risk after aortic valve replacement is unclear. And, whether LV mass or relative wall thickness (RWT) better predicts risk for adverse postoperative outcomes is unknown. The purpose of this investigation ...
Benjacholamas Vichai - - 2008
Primary repair is preferable to palliation in infants with truncus arteriosus. At our institute, an appropriately small homograft valved conduit is not available for every patient; a bicuspidized pulmonary valve homograft is an alternative. Between December 1996 and August 2005, 24 patients aged 28 days to 21 months with truncus ...
Masuda Munetaka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Intermediate/long-term results after aortic valve replacement using bileaflet mechanical valve in children should be clarified as a standard of treatment of aortic valve disease in children. METHODS: Forty-five patients aged under 15 years underwent 46 aortic valve replacements using bileaflet mechanical prosthetic valve. Patients' ages ranged from 1 to ...
Ghanbari Hossein - - 2008
Valvular heart disease continues to be an important health care problem. Although surgical valve replacement remains the standard treatment, minimally invasive approaches for valve repair and replacement are becoming attractive alternatives among physicians and patients. In fact, percutaneous procedures can extend treatment to the increasing population of elderly patients with ...
Kohsaka Shun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the relationship between the degree of prosthesis-patient mismatch and long-term survival after mechanical aortic valve replacement. METHODS: Prospectively collected long-term follow-up data from 469 consecutive patients who underwent aortic valve replacement between 1995 and 1998 were reviewed. The indexed effective orifice area was derived from ...
Steger Volker - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Following mechanical heart valve replacement, patients may require a form of 'bridging' anticoagulation to prevent valve-associated thromboembolism until oral vitamin K antagonists take effect. In 2000, the present authors changed their bridging protocol to a fixed dose of 40 mg enoxaparin twice daily (b.i.d., ...
Brown Morgan L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to review the long-term outcomes of patients with Ebstein anomaly who underwent cardiac surgery at our institution. METHODS: Patient records were reviewed, and all patients were mailed a medical questionnaire or contacted by means of telephone. Patients who had pulmonary atresia with an intact ventricular septum, ...
Sadler Kate - - 2008
AIM: To assess the clinical outcomes of a combined approach to the treatment of severe acute malnutrition in an area of high HIV prevalence using: (i) an initial inpatient phase, based on WHO guidelines and (ii) an outpatient recovery phase using ready-to-use therapeutic food. METHODS: An operational prospective cohort study ...
Mascherbauer J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The importance of moderate patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) for the prognosis of patients who undergo aortic valve replacement is unclear. METHODS: The presence of PPM was assessed in 361 consecutive patients undergoing valve replacement for isolated severe aortic stenosis and related to perioperative and postoperative mortality. Indexed effective orifice areas ...
Basarici Ibrahim - - 2008
A 35-year-old woman with a previously repaired atrial septal defect was referred for preoperative evaluation before laparoscopic surgery. The patient was asymptomatic, and a transesophageal echocardiographic examination revealed a probable thrombus attached to the tricuspid valve. The patient's history included therapy with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue and deep venous thrombosis ...
Lorenzoni José - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In spite of great technological advances in diagnostic and therapeutic tools, survival in patients with HGG has not changed significantly in the last years. Judicious management in each case needs survival estimation after surgery. We used a simple stratification system evaluating the histology, patient's age, and the KPS. METHODS: ...
Kojodjojo P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) can be performed safely in selected elderly patients with aortic stenosis (AS). However, the survival benefits of AVR over conservative treatment have not been convincingly demonstrated in AS patients aged above 80. AIM: To investigate the outcomes of patients aged 80 and over with symptomatic, ...
Busseuil D - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aortic valve stenosis (AVS) is the most common valvular heart disease, and standard curative therapy remains open heart surgical valve replacement. The aim of our experimental study was to determine if apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-I) mimetic peptide infusions could induce regression of AVS. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Fifteen New Zealand ...
Pande Shantanu - - 2008
Organic involvement of the tricuspid valve is uncommon. Valve repair is preferred over replacement as it results in a low gradient across the valve and obviates the risk of prosthesis-related complications. From October 2002 to October 2004, 37 patients who required tricuspid valve repair for organic involvement were included in ...
Colao Annamaria - - 2008
CONTEXT: Excess GH and IGF-I in acromegaly are associated with reduced life expectancy due to cardiovascular complications. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence, incidence, and severity of cardiac valve regurgitation before and after somatostatin-analog treatment in acromegaly. DESIGN: This was a prospective, observer-blinded, multicenter, 12-month ...
Tanigawa Kazuyoshi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Short (< or =3 months)- and middle (> or =4 months)-term results of aortic valve replacement (AVR) using 19-mm Carpentier-Edwards Perimount (CEP) bioprosthetic valves and 19-mm Medtronic Mosaic (MM) bioprosthetic valves in patients with small aortic annulus were compared. PATIENTS AND METHODS: At our facility, AVR was performed using ...
Greffe G - - 2008
The French Cardiology Society (SFC) systematically recommends (Class I) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) after any mitral valve replacement with a mechanical prosthesis (MMVR). Taking into account the increasing workload of echocardiography laboratories, our attitude was to propose that only post-operative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is performed. The purpose of this study was ...
Vicchio Mariano - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether changes in prognosis and quality of life (QOL) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) in octogenarians differ depending on the choice of mechanical (MP) or tissue (BP) valves. METHODS: Between July 1992 and September 2006, 160 consecutive octogenarians underwent AVR with ...
Gillinov A Marc - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to identify characteristics differentiating patients undergoing valve replacement versus valve repair for degenerative mitral valve disease and to use this information to compare survival and reoperation after each procedure. METHODS: From 1985 to 2005, 3286 patients underwent isolated primary operation for degenerative mitral valve disease. ...
Brown Morgan L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Improved durability of bioprostheses has led some surgeons to recommend biologic rather than mechanical prostheses for patients younger than 65 years. We compared late results of contemporary bioprostheses and bileaflet mechanical prostheses in patients who underwent aortic valve replacement between 50 and 70 years old. METHODS: In this retrospective ...
Wu Grace Hsiao - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine whether not treating chronic dental infection during the admission for cardiac valve surgery would increase the morbidity and mortality of patients. Patients were divided into three groups: dentally unhealthy and untreated (Group A), dentally healthy not requiring treatment (Group B), and dentally ...
Ngaage Dumbor L - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The average age of cardiac patients continues to increase. As more octogenarians undergo surgery during the current era, the outcome of valve surgery was investigated to determine the operative risk in these patients. METHODS: Among 350 patients aged > or = 80 years who ...
Cianciulli Tomás F - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: At present, no reports are available regarding the hemodynamic assessment and survival of patients undergoing valve replacement with HP-Biplus prostheses. Hence, the present study was designed to acquire this information. The aim was to assess: (i) any potential hemodynamic differences between the HP-Biplus prosthesis ...
Kapetanakis Emmanouil I - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: Prompted by anecdotal evidence and observations by surgeons, an investigation was undertaken into the potential differences in implanted aortic valve prosthesis sizes, during aortic valve replacement (AVR) procedures, between northern and southern European countries. METHODS: A multi-institutional, non-randomized, retrospective analysis was conducted among 2,932 ...
Vicchio Mariano - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to evaluate left ventricular mass (LVM) regression, survival and quality of life in elderly patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with small-sized bileaflet prostheses. METHODS: Between September 1988 and September 2005, a total of 147 patients aged > 70 years ...
Guerrieri Wolf Lorenzo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral microembolization is a well-recognized phenomenon after cardiac valve replacement, but the relative proportion of solid and gaseous emboli is uncertain. Particulate microemboli are thought to be the most damaging. With the use of multifrequency transcranial Doppler ultrasound, we compared the number and nature of microemboli in recipients of ...
Pirouzian Amir - - 2008
To describe clinical findings after Ahmed valve drainage implantation in children. All records in one practice were reviewed to identify and describe clinical findings in all children who had undergone Ahmed Glaucoma Valve S2 model insertion for uncontrolled primary or secondary glaucoma. A total of 6 patients were identified, ranging ...
Walther Thomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of minimally invasive transapical beating heart aortic valve implantation (TAP-AVI) for high-risk patients with aortic stenosis. METHODS: TAP-AVI was performed via a small anterolateral minithoracotomy in 50 patients from February 2006 to March 2007. A balloon expandable transcatheter xenograft (Edwards SAPIEN THV, Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, ...
Verhagen Dominique W M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of left-sided native valve infective endocarditis varies from uncomplicated disease to fulminant infection. Although several factors are known to affect clinical outcome, it is difficult to predict morbidity and mortality in individual patients. The objective of this study was to determine the value of serial C-reactive ...
Hill Evelyn E - - 2008
This study analyzed the profile and outcome of surgically versus medically treated patients with prosthetic valve infective endocarditis (PVE). From 2000 to 2006, 80 patients >16 years of age (median 71) with definite PVE according to modified Duke criteria were included. The medically treated group was separated into deliberately conservative ...
Ansari M S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of delayed presentation of posterior urethral valves in children. METHODS: We divided 194 children with posterior urethral valve (PUV) who underwent surgical ablation into group I (less than 2 years old) and group II (greater than 2 years old) according to age at presentation. We ...
Ennker Juergen A C - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We compared the midterm outcome after aortic valve replacement with the Freestyle stentless bioprosthesis for the full-root or subcoronary implantation technique, while adjusting for patient and disease characteristics by a propensity score. METHODS: Between 1996 and 2005, 1,014 patients underwent aortic valve replacement with the stentless Medtronic Freestyle bioprosthesis, ...
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