Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2010
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Everaerts Frank - - 2004
Glutaraldehyde fixation of bioprosthetic tissue has been used successfully for almost 40 years. However, it is generally recognized that glutaraldehyde fixation of bioprostheses is associated with the occurrence of calcification. Accordingly, many efforts have been undertaken to develop techniques for the fixation of bioprostheses, which will not lead to calcification. ...
Hvass Ulrik - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: If stentless devices--with their physiological advantages--are to remain attractive, their long-term durability must equate with that of reference stented valves. METHODS: Between August 1991 and August 2001, 650 patients (mean age 72.0+/-4.2 years) received a Cryo-Life O'Brien Stentless aortic porcine bioprosthesis. The mean follow ...
Maleszka Ariane - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Acquired isolated tricuspid valve insufficiency (TVI) is a rare condition, and tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) is reserved for those patients in whom operative repair is not possible. The long-term follow up of patients who underwent isolated TVR at the authors' institution was analyzed. METHODS: ...
Kumar Pankaj - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Late reoperation for failed aortic homograft is widely regarded as a high-risk procedure. A review is presented of the authors' experience of redo-aortic valve replacement (re-do AVR) examining factors which affect, and whether a previous aortic homograft replacement influences, operative outcome. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Misawa Yoshio - - 2004
This study was designed to evaluate the long-term clinical results of the Omniscience tilting disc valve. Omniscience valves were implanted in 51 patients (mean age, 50 +/- 10 years); 18 had aortic valve, 24 had mitral valve, and 9 had both aortic and mitral valve replacements. Oral warfarin potassium and ...
El-Khally Ziad - - 2004
There is controversy concerning the prognostic significance of conduction delays that occur after aortic valve replacement (AVR). We retrospectively reviewed 389 consecutive patients who underwent AVR at our institution between April 1995 and March 1997. Adverse events were defined as the occurrence of complete atrioventricular block, syncope, or sudden cardiac ...
Salazar Eduardo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Aortic valvular disease is the most common valvular lesion among elderly patients. Because of changing demographics, it has become increasingly frequent. Aortic valve replacement (AVR) is the only effective treatment for aortic valvular disease. HYPOTHESIS: This study was undertaken to evaluate the results of AVR in an elderly population. ...
Boethig Dietmar - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Contegra is a bovine jugular vein graft for pediatric RVOT reconstruction. Regular blood draws belong to a (controlled phase I) study protocol aiming at FDA-admission that included the first 60 patients. After 3.3 years we found not a single case of clinically relevant hemolysis and looked for reasons to ...
Genevois O - - 2004
To compare the indications, surgical techniques, and operative outcome between two 100-patient populations operated on for evisceration or enucleation with a 10-year interval. This retrospective study involved 100 patients operated on between 1987 and 1990 (Group 1) compared with another 100 patients operated on between 1996 and 2000 (Group 2). ...
John Alexander - - 2004
During a five-year period from 1996 to 2000, the Medtronic Freestyle stentless bioprosthesis was implanted in 310 patients of advanced age. Age at operation ranged from 60 to 90 years (mean, 76 +/- 4 years). 191 patients were female and 119 male. All implants were done by the modified subcoronary ...
Remadi J P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We prospectively evaluated a newly introduced minimal extracorporeal circulation system (Jostra MECC System; Jostra AG, Hirrlingen, Germany) for aortic valve surgery. METHOD: In a prospective, randomized study, 100 patients underwent aortic valve replacement either with standard cardiopulmonary bypass (n = 50, group B) or with the MECC System (n ...
Crestanello Juan A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of mitral and tricuspid valve repair after mediastinal radiation therapy. METHODS: From 1976 to 2001, 22 patients (mean age 61 +/- 14 years) underwent mitral (n = 14), tricuspid (n = 6), or both (n = 2) valve repairs 15 ...
Collinson Julian - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Longstanding aortic regurgitation (AR) can result in left ventricular (LV) dysfunction that may reverse after aortic valve replacement (AVR). Stentless valves may result in a more rapid recovery in function due to a more physiological flow and lower outflow resistance. METHODS: The effect of ...
Masters Roy G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Hancock II bioprosthetic valve, which was first introduced to clinical use in 1978, differs from its predecessor in several ways. This study was designed to evaluate the durability and outcomes with this valve in patients who had isolated aortic or mitral valve replacements. METHODS: From 1991 to 1999, ...
Mihaljevic Tomislav - - 2004
We sought to evaluate the potential benefits of minimally invasive approaches for treatment of isolated aortic and mitral valve disease. From 7/96 to 04/03, we performed 1000 minimally invasive valve operations: 526 aortic (AV) procedures (64 years; mean, 25-95) and 474 mitral (MV) procedures (58 years; mean, 17-90). In the ...
Clavadetscher Sandra C - - 2004
There are limited data on long-term treatment efficacy, and almost none on predictors of treatment response in patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS). To assess: (1) long-term efficacy of RLS treatment in a clinical setting, (2) predictors of a good treatment response, and (3) the value of the RLS-severity score ...
Vanoverbeke H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: to determine the advantages and/or risks of minimal access aortic valve replacement compared to standard sternotomy procedure. METHODS: from January 1997 to December 2001, 271 consecutive adult patients underwent isolated aortic valve replacement of which 174 underwent a minimal access procedure (Group 1) and 97 a standard procedure (Group ...
Shapira Yaron - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The role of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (IOTEE) in valve replacement surgery is not well established. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of immediate postpump IOTEE in valve replacement surgery at a single tertiary medical center. METHODS: The departmental database was screened for valve replacement operations ...
Chiappini Bruno - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The advancing age of the population in the western world and improvements in surgical techniques and postoperative care have resulted in an increasing number of very elderly patients undergoing cardiac operations. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the surgical outcome in 115 octogenarians after aortic valve ...
Cosmi John E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Paravalvular abscess is a complication of endocarditis that may lead to persistent infection, conduction abnormalities, fistula formation, worsening congestive heart failure, and death. METHODS: Between 1991 and 2001, paravalvular abscess was identified on transesophageal echocardiography in 24 patients who subsequently underwent surgical treatment. Echocardiographic findings were reviewed for location ...
Ozeren Murat - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) is a multifunctional protein which plays a role in smooth muscle cell growth, wound healing, tissue repair and angiogenesis. FGF-2 is also released by mechanically wounded cells. Herein, the importance of FGF-2 release from periannular tissue in the mechanism of ...
Watanabe Masazumi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of valve surgery is very important. In patients who are severely symptomatic, the marked improvement in symptomatic status observed following successful valve surgery. However, in patients with no or only mild symptoms, the decision is more difficult. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine ...
Langiulli Michael - - 2004
In 82 patients with infective endocarditis, including 11 with a perivalvular abscess detected by transesophageal echocardiography, age was a significant predictor of in-hospital mortality (p <0.001). At 3.8-year follow-up, 5 of 7 patients with an abscess who had valve replacement and 2 of 4 patients with an abscess who did ...
Potter D Dean - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Advances in tissue prosthetic valve design and manufacturing have stimulated renewed interest in the use of biological valves in younger patients. This approach, however, risks reoperation. We therefore reviewed our recent experience with repeat mitral valve replacement to better define its contemporary risks. METHODS: Using a computerized database, we ...
Vitale Nicola - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Sorin Bicarbon (SB) and Baxter Mira (BM) are almost identical bileaflet prostheses that share the same mechanical design, the only difference being in the sewing cuff. Hence, the long-term clinical performance of the two prostheses, when implanted in the aortic position, was evaluated in ...
Snow Stephen N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is an uncommon tumor of the skin. Clinically, it often masquerades as a benign, indolent tumor on the trunk and extremities. Microscopically, it extends far beyond assessed clinical margins, spreading locally in the dermis, subcutaneous tissue, and muscle. The local recurrence rate in patients with DFSP ...
Aksöyek Aysen - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Recent data regarding the performance of mechanical prostheses in patients aged > or =65 years are scant. Hence, the outcome of mechanical prosthesis implantation in this age group has been retrospectively evaluated. METHODS: Between January 1990 and October 2002, 253 patients (163 males, 90 ...
Sallehuddin Ahmad - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, impact and outcome of repair of atrioventricular valve regurgitation (AVVR) in Fontan patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 340 Fontan patients from 1986 to 2001. Twelve patients with valve closure or replacements were excluded. AVVR was graded by transthoracic echocardiography. Patients were divided into group O ...
Bottio Tomaso - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the 8-year experience, survival, prosthetic complications, and hemodynamics of patients who received the Biocor valve, a new-generation tissue valve, in the aortic position. METHODS: From May 1992 through May 2001, 257 consecutive patients (129 women and 128 men; mean age, 75 ...
Suenaga Etsuro - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The practice of minimally invasive valve surgery remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and postoperative course of aortic valve replacement through limited upper sternotomy compared to conventional full sternotomy. METHODS: From May 1998 to August 2000, we performed 24 cases of isolated ...
Loupa C - - 2004
The epidemiology, and clinical and microbiological spectrum, of infective endocarditis (IE) in Greece was analysed in a prospective 4-year study in a tertiary hospital and a heart surgery centre in Athens. In total, 101 cases of IE (71 men, 30 women, aged 54.4 +/- 17.1 years) were studied, with a ...
Plaisance Patrick - - 2004
AIMS: The purpose of this multicentre clinical randomized controlled blinded prospective trial was to determine whether an inspiratory impedance threshold device (ITD), when used in combination with active compression-decompression (ACD) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), would improve survival rates in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients were randomized to ...
Popovtzer Aron - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Cancer of the tongue is reported with increasing frequency in young people. The objective of this work was to study the biologic and clinical course of the disease in this group. The clinical course of the disease in this patient group remains controversial. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective 30-year review ...
Talwar Sachin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: [corrected] Prosthetic valve thrombosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality following heart valve replacement with a mechanical valve. METHODS AND RESULTS: 538 patients who underwent mechanical valve replacement between April 1999 and June 2003 were included in the study. They were divided into two groups. Group A ...
Driever Rudolf - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The Edwards MIRA mechanical heart valve is designed to optimize hemodynamics, reduce thrombogenicity, and avoid mechanical failure with a special hinge mechanism. The purpose of the study was to investigate the clinical performance and postoperative hemodynamic results of the first European patients receiving Edwards MIRA mechanical heart valves. METHODS: ...
Bergler-Klein Jutta - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of natriuretic peptides in aortic stenosis (AS) remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), N-terminal BNP (NtBNP), and N-terminal atrial natriuretic peptide (NtANP) were determined in 130 patients with severe AS (mean age, 70+/-12 years; mean gradient, 64+/-21 mm Hg; valve area, 0.64+/-0.15 cm2) ...
Laplace Guillaume - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of early thrombosis, its prognostic significance, and the therapeutic implications. BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is the method of choice for detecting symptomless early postoperative thrombosis of prosthetic valves. However, the clinical significance is not yet known. METHODS: Between June ...
Bozbuga Nilgün - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The encouraging results of valve repair in the atrioventricular valves have influenced a decision about aortic valve (AV) reconstruction. We report our experience with pericardial cusp extension to repair rheumatic AV disease. METHODS: From 1993 to 1998, 46 patients (25 women, 21 men) with a mean age of 31.5 ...
Casali Gianluca - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In order to compare the long-term outcome of stented vs stentless aortic xenografts, a non-randomized, concurrent case-match trial was conducted on all consecutive patients operated between January 1992 and April 2000. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-two patients had stented (group 1) and 376 stentless (group 2) xenograft aortic valve ...
Cecchi Enrico - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The clinical and epidemiological profiles of infective endocarditis (IE) are continuously evolving. We report the results of a 2-year multicenter prospective survey that investigated new trends in the epidemiology, microbiological and clinical features and the prognosis of IE. METHODS: From January 2000 through December 2001, a prospective multicenter survey ...
Gelsomino Sandro - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of patient-prosthesis mismatch (P-PM) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) with a small-size Cryolife O'Brien (CLOB) bioprosthesis and to evaluate its clinical and hemodynamic implications. METHODs: Sixty-two patients (mean age 70.9 +/- 5.2 years, 77.8% females), receiving a labeled 21-23 ...
Fradet Guy - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The Mosaic valve is a third-generation stented porcine bioprosthesis built upon the historical durability of the Hancock II valve in an attempt to improve hemodynamic performance and durability. METHODS: This multicenter trial was prospective and non-randomized in design. Between February 1994 and October 1999, ...
Bermudez Christian A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary ventricle to pulmonary artery conduits have made repairing many complex congenital cardiac anomalies possible. Late patient outcome is adversely affected by the hemodynamic consequences of conduit failure and the need for reoperation for conduit replacement. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 102 patients (65 males, 37 females) who underwent operation ...
David Tirone E - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to assess the safety and efficacy of the Toronto Root bioprosthesis for aortic root or valve replacement during the early postoperative stages. METHODS: Between November 2000 and December 2002, the Toronto Root was implanted in 191 patients in 17 institutions. ...
Minakata Kenji - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcome of valve repair in patients with aortic valve regurgitation with emphasis on incidence and risk of reoperation. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 160 consecutive patients (127 men) who underwent aortic valve repair between 1986 and 2001. Ages ranged from 14 to 84 years (mean 55 +/- 17 ...
Kejriwal Nand K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: To date there has been only one published report pertaining to the outcomes following open-heart surgery in Australian aboriginal patients. METHODS: The records of 57 consecutive aboriginal patients who underwent open-heart surgery at our institution over a 6-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Attempts were made to contact the patient ...
Botzenhardt F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Our study aim was to evaluate the hemodynamic and clinical performance of the Mosaic bioprosthesis in aortic position. METHODS: The stented porcine bioprosthesis combines zero pressure glutaraldehyde fixation and amino oleic acid antimineralization treatment for improved hemodynamics and durability. Between 2/1994 and 5/1999, 100 patients underwent aortic valve replacement. ...
Tos Mirko - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To present the incidence of vestibular schwannoma (VS) in Denmark, compare the incidence with that of previous periods, and discuss the real incidence of VS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Prospective registration of all diagnosed VS in Denmark, with a population of 5.1 to 5.2 million, during the 6 years ...
Giannice Raffaella - - 2004
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the morbidity and mortality associated with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classes III and IV versus ASA classes I and II in elderly women (>/= 70 years) undergoing gynecological oncological surgery. METHODS: From 1986 to 2000, we retrospectively collected patients >/= 70 years of age undergoing oncological ...
Meier Ullrich - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Especially in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), conventional differential-pressure valves are known to create nonphysiological negative intraventricular pressure values (IVP) when the patient moves into the upright position, with the consequence of numerous, sometimes severe, complications. The recently presented gravitational devices promise improvement, primarily in respect to this ...
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