Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2011
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Knipp Stephan C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Following coronary artery bypass graft surgery, some studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have demonstrated new small ischemic brain lesions in patients without apparent neurological deficits. We aimed to prospectively evaluate brain injury after cardiac valve replacement using MRI and to determine the relationship to neurocognitive function. METHODS: Thirty ...
De Santo Luca Salvatore - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A follow-up study was performed to assess long-term survival, valve-related complications, and pregnancy outcomes in young rheumatic women undergoing isolated mitral mechanical replacement. The influence of prosthetic type on outcomes was also investigated. METHODS: Between 1975 and 2003, 267 isolated mitral mechanical prostheses were implanted. Follow-up reached 3707.8 patient-years. ...
Giannopoulos Nicolaos M - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot is associated with low early morbidity and mortality. However, there may be late morbidity and mortality due to right ventricular dysfunction. The transatrial/transpulmonary technique may ameliorate these long-term complications. Here we present the results from our use of this approach. METHODS: A hundred ...
Mykén Pia S - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Bioprostheses in heart surgery have been investigated in recent years to reduce the long-term anticoagulant administration associated with mechanical devices. Positive results have been achieved, particularly in elderly patients who have a supposed delayed fibrocalcification and reduced life expectancy. Herein are reported 17-year data ...
Pomerantzeff Pablo Maria Alberto PM Heart Institute, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2005
Endocarditis associated with ring abscess is a pathology with high morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to analyze hospital mortality risk factors in patients with ring abscess due to endocarditis. From January 1982 to December 2000, 104 patients underwent surgical intervention at the Heart Institute of the ...
Zhang Xi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although the results of surgical treatment in cardiac valve disease continue to improve, the postoperative mortality rate and the rate of complications in patients with advanced valvular heart disease (AVHD) are still very high. We did this retrospective study to summarize the surgical experience of heart valve replacement for ...
Koch Colleen Gorman - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prosthesis-patient size mismatch results when an implanted prosthetic aortic valve is of insufficient size for a patient's body surface area. The relation between prosthesis-patient size and functional capacity and adverse postoperative outcome is inconsistent. Our objectives were to examine the impact of valve replacement, continuous prosthesis-patient size, and other ...
Morris Arthur J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There has been no systematic evaluation of outcome after surgery for infective endocarditis with respect to duration of antibiotic treatment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of episodes of valve surgery for active infective endocarditis at Green Lane Hospital (Auckland, New Zealand) for 1963-1999. We recorded the duration ...
Stefanidis Constantin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The ATS Medical Open Pivot mechanical heart valve was introduced in 1992. Previous reports have focused on the low rate of thromboembolic complications in the aortic position. The purpose of this retrospective study is to analyze the rate of midterm thromboembolic events and other valve-related complications when the ATS ...
Aramendi José Ignacio - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Antiplatelet agents are used for prevention of thromboembolism in surgical patients and in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. Up to date, however, results of randomized studies comparing antiplatelet agents and oral anticoagulation have not been reported. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of ...
Erdil Nevzat - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pericardial effusion (PE) after cardiac surgery is frequent. It is more frequently seen after valve replacement or other types of heart surgery. Oral anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents may induce effusion development after open heart surgery. Our objective was to determine the efficiency of posterior pericardiotomy (PP) after cardiac valve ...
Zamorano José - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The study aim was to analyze the mid-term prognosis of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients managed with medical therapy during the in-hospital phase and who had a good initial outcome. Comparison was made with the prognosis of patients treated surgically during this period. METHODS: ...
Tornos P - - 2005
To describe the characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of active infective endocarditis (IE) in Europe. Prospective survey of medical practices in Europe. 92 centres from 25 countries. The EHS (Euro heart survey) on valvar heart disease (VHD) enrolled 5001 adult patients between April and July 2001. Of those, 159 had active ...
Schelbert Erik B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hospital volume has been linked to quality of care. The relation between hospital volume and recommended use of bioprosthetic valves in older patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 80,470 patients aged > or =65 years undergoing isolated AVR (with or without bypass ...
Yankah Abraham Charles - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to evaluate the long-term results of homograft reconstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract with a cryopreserved aortic homograft in the presence of aortic root abscess associated with a biofilm bacterial infection. METHODS: Between January 1987 and December 2003, 161 patients with aortic root abscess ...
Eggum Rune - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Complex obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOTO) in children may be treated with surgical procedures like the Ross-Konno or Koncz-Konno procedures, or modifications thereof. We present our results from the last 10 years. MATERIAL AND METHOD: During the period from December 1991 to April 2002, 17 patients/children ...
Yu Hsi-Yu - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Asians may be less vulnerable to thrombotic disease than Caucasians. Optimum international normalized ratio (INR) anticoagulant therapy guidelines for Asian populations remain to be established. This study investigated the risk factors for major bleeding or thromboembolism (TE) in Taiwanese patients receiving mechanical aortic and/or mitral valve replacement, ...
da Costa Francisco Diniz Affonso - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Compare the immunological and echocardiographic data of decellularized versus cryopreserved allografts used for RVOT reconstruction during Ross operation. METHODS: From 16/01/03 thru 07/10/03, 20 Ross operations were performed using decellularized (n=11) or cryopreserved (n=9) allografts. Echocardiography was done at discharge, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months and annually thereafter. ...
Remadi J P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We present here the clinical features and outcome of 54 patients affected by a Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis at the Amiens hospital between 1990 and 2000. The patients operated-on, group A (20 patients), were compared to the population of patients treated by exclusive antibiotherapy, group B (34 patients). PATIENTS ...
Shanmugam Ganesh - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Predictors of survival and reintervention in children undergoing mitral valve replacement (MVR) were assessed. METHODS: A total of 37 children underwent MVR, with a mean prosthesis size of 22.5 mm. RESULTS: Six patients died during the study. Actuarial and event-free survivals (including operative mortality) ...
Chen Jonathan M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed our experience with repair of truncus arteriosus to assess the effect of type of right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction on perioperative morbidity, survival, and freedom from catheter-based interventions and reoperation. METHODS: Patients undergoing repair of truncus arteriosus from June 1990 through February 2004 were evaluated on the ...
Yankah Charles A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: It is generally believed that the pericardial tissue valve is associated with a greater propensity to early structural failure and subsequent valve-related complications. However, a modified valve design during recent years has considerably improved the clinical durability of this bioprosthesis. METHODS: Between April 1986 ...
Shanmugam Ganesh - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Early and late outcomes following mechanical aortic valve replacement (AVR) in children were analyzed. METHODS: Between January 1980 and December 2003, 55 patients underwent mechanical AVR at the authors' institution. Of these patients, 12 had aortic regurgitation (AR), 31 had aortic stenosis (AS), and ...
Bechtel J F Matthias - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The immune response against human-leucocyte-antigens on donor-cells may be an important factor contributing to the degeneration of allograft-valves. We have previously reported that the use of the decellularized allograft SynerGraft (CryoLife) reduces the immunologic response of the allograft-recipient. In this study we compare the echocardiographic and computed tomography angiographic ...
Tominaga Ryuji - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There are few reports on the long-term results of Carbomedics prosthetic heart valves. METHODS: Five hundred five patients who underwent valve replacement with this prosthesis in the aortic or mitral position were chosen for this study. Patients' mean age was 57 years. There were 173 aortic (AVR), 253 mitral ...
Urbanski Paul P - - 2005
The aim of this study was to compare the hemodynamic characteristics and early clinical results of a commercially available standard aortic conduit with those of a modified valved composite graft, which consists of a mechanical valve prosthesis sewn into a vascular tube and placed in a supraannular position. The modified ...
Kyle Robert A - - 2005
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) of the immunoglobulin M (IgM) class was diagnosed at our institution in 213 patients who resided in the 11 counties of southeastern Minnesota from 1960 to 1994. The median age at diagnosis was 74 years and the median concentration of serum M-protein was 1.2 ...
Rashid Haroon - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for high altitude pulmonary oedema. DESIGN: A case control study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted in the Department of Medicine, Military Hospital, Rawalpindi during October 1998 to October 2000. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred serving army personnel between 20 to ...
Bourry Olivier - - 2005
The Primate Centre of the International Center for Medical Research in Franceville, Gabon (CIRMF) has had a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) colony for more than 20 years. A contraceptive policy was started in 1990, following a rapid increase in the number of individuals in the 1980s. Intrauterine devices were first used ...
Siniawski Henryk - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Mortality in active infective endocarditis (AIE) is substantial and reinfection can strongly influence outcome. Assessment of factors influencing mortality is important. We studied 108 (33%) patients suffering from root abscess out of a total of 327 AIE patients admitted to the Deutsches Herzzentrum Berlin for surgical treatment between 1996 ...
Ladis Vassilis - - 2005
Iron-induced organ degeneration is the main factor of mortality in patients with thalassemia major. Since chelation therapy is at a turning point, from the laborious parenteral route to the use of new promising oral agents, we investigated the current status of survival of these patients to present reliable data that ...
Concha Manuel - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The best option for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in young adults and middle-aged patients remains controversial. A longitudinal comparison between the Ross procedure (RP) and mechanical prosthesis (MP) was conducted in this group of patients. METHODS: Between January 1997 and January 2003, 125 consecutive ...
Saito Shunei - - 2005
Cardiovascular involvements in antiphospholipid antibody syndrome have been recognized as a major complication of this disease. Furthermore, some papers report bioprosthetic heart valve also seems to be affected. A 32-year-old female with aortic regurgitation presented to our hospital. Further examination revealed high titer of anticardiolipin beta 2 glycoprotein 1 antibody, ...
Saito Tsutomu - - 2005
At Jichi Medical School Hospital, three types of mechanical prosthetic valves (CarboMedics, Omnicarbon, Bicarbon) were used without randomization from 1991 to 2000. A retrospective study of valve replacements done between June 1991 and November 2000 utilizing 180 CarboMedics valves in 145 patients who had not previously undergone prosthetic valve replacement ...
Balasubramanian Sendhil K - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Cardiac surgery for active infective endocarditis remains a challenging and high-risk procedure. The outcome from early surgical intervention for active native valve endocarditis (ANVE) was studied, the aim being to identify significant predictors of mortality and the relationship between duration of preoperative antibiotics and ...
Aagaard Jan - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The CarboMedics bileaflet prosthetic heart valve was first implanted as part of a prospective clinical study at the authors' institution in November 1987. The patient cohort included was part of a multicenter trial set up by the manufacturer for an FDA application. The present ...
Ozkokeli Mehmet - - 2005
We report a single center experience of surgical treatment of 30 cases of left-sided prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT). In our series, a diagnosis of PVT was established based on clinical and echocardiographic examinations. Thrombosis was the major etiologic factor in 25 patients (83.3%), while 22 of 25 patients (88%) had ...
Meier U - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Are hydrostatic valves superior to conventional differential pressure shunts in patients with normal-pressure hydrocephalus, with regard to the postoperative results of treatment and possible complications? METHODS: From September 1997 to January 2002, 60 patients with idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus were treated by surgical implantation of hydrostatic valve at the Unfallkrankenhaus ...
Ozsöyler Ibrahim - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Brucella endocarditis is a disease that is hard to treat medically and has a high mortality. Immediate surgery after medical treatment is very important because delaying surgery may lead to that are difficult to repair. METHODS: Five patients who were admitted to our institution with a diagnosis of Brucella ...
Aybek Tayfun - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Aortic valve resuspension for ascending aortic aneurysm repair is associated with removal of the sinus of Valsalva. This may cause changes in leaflet motion and thus impact on long-term durability. The opening and closing characteristics of the aortic valve leaflets after reimplantation were studied ...
Elahi Maqsood M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The incidence of conduction disorders requiring permanent pacing (PPM) in patients operated on for aortic valve replacement (AVR) has been reported to be 5.7%. However, perioperative risk predictors for PPM following AVR are not well characterized and debate exists regarding selection of the prosthesis-type most likely to minimize this ...
Hadjinikolaou Leonidas - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Clinical results of this multicenter study of the Aspire porcine valve were reported previously at eight years; the present report provides an update of valve performance to 10 years postoperatively. METHODS: A total of 749 patients (60% males; mean age 73+/-7 years) underwent implantation ...
Ali Ayyaz - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Stentless prostheses in the aortic position produce a superior hemodynamic profile in comparison to that with stented valves. To determine whether routine use of stentless valves in an elderly population is justified, a 10-year retrospective review was performed of a consecutive series of patients ...
Alpers Michael P - - 2005
Kuru is an encephalopathy or neuro-degenerative disease found only in the Okapa District of the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. It is always fatal, with a subacute course, on average, of about 12 months from onset to death. In the 9-year period 1987 to 1995 there were 66 ...
Ruel Marc - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To examine the multiple impacts of valve replacement on the lives of young adults. METHODS: Patients (N=500) between age 18 and 50 who had aortic valve replacement (AVR) and/or mitral valve replacement (MVR) with contemporary prostheses were followed annually. Events, functional status, and quality of life were examined with ...
Kolsi K - - 2004
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of drainage with a Redon drain versus a conventional drain on postoperative pain and blood loss after valve replacements. METHODS: After approval by the local Ethics Committee and written informed consent, 30 patients, 20-60 years of age, scheduled for ...
Raja Shahzad G - - 2004
The Ross procedure is being used increasingly to treat aortic valve disease in pediatric patients; however, there is an ongoing dispute about the durability of the autograft. From November 1996 to September 2003, 32 pediatric patients (mean age, 11 +/- 4.5 years) underwent the Ross procedure for various aortic valve ...
Collinson Julian - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Long-standing aortic stenosis (AS) causes significant progressive left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and may result in subendocardial ischaemia. Following aortic valve surgery, LV function may improve and this may be accompanied by reversal of ischaemia. There is debate about the differential effects of valve substitutes. METHODS: We studied 33 patients ...
Saleh Akram - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the surgical indication in the treatment of infective endocarditis. SETTING: Retrospective study in a tertiary care--Wessex Cardiothoracic--Centre. SUBJECTS AND DESIGN: Case records of patients admitted with infective endocarditis for surgical treatment between 1984 to 1994 at Wessex Cardiothoracic Centre were analysed. ...
Martinovic I - - 2004
AIM: Improved hemodynamics with stentless bioprosthesis compared to stented valves have been well documented. It has been suggested that a simplified implant model, the Cryolife-O'Brien, offers less satisfactory outcomes compared with standard stentless models. This study was conducted to prospectively evaluate the midterm results after aortic valve replacement with the ...
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