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Kanamaru Kenji K Department of Neurosurgery, Suzuka Kaisei Hospital, Suzuka, - - 2015
Vasospasm-induced cerebral infarct is still a significant cause of poor outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In 537 patients of the Prospective Registry of Subarachnoid Aneurysms Treatment cohort, ruptured aneurysms were treated either microsurgically or endovascularly judged by the attending neurosurgeon to be appropriate for the individual patient within 3 ...
Tansatit Tanvaa T The Chula Soft Cadaver Surgical Training Center and Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, 1873 Rama 4 Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand, - - 2014
Ocular complications following cosmetic filler injections are serious situations. This study provided scientific evidence that filler in the facial and the superficial temporal arteries could enter into the orbits and the globes on both sides. We demonstrated the existence of an embolic channel connecting the arterial system of the face ...
Fujita Koji K Department of Neurological Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, - - 2014
Objectives Radiation-induced aneurysm is a rare complication for head and neck tumors. Only seven cases of an aneurysm after stereotactic radiosurgery and/or stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) have been described. We report two patients with a ruptured internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm presenting with catastrophic epistaxis after repeated SRT for an anterior skull ...
Yang Pil-Sung - - 2014
BackgroundHigh mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), a proinflammatory cytokine, plays a pivotal role in tissue remodeling and angiogenesis, both of which are crucial for the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension. In this study, we explored the relationship between HMGB1 and pulmonary hypertension and whether glycyrrhizin, an inhibitor of HMGB1, attenuates disease ...
Tang Bing B Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is characterized by vascular remodeling, high pulmonary blood pressure, and right ventricular hypertrophy. Oxidative stress, inflammation and pulmonary artery remodeling are important components in PAH. Ellagic acid (EA) is a phenolic compound with anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative properties. This study aimed to investigate whether EA could ...
Xiao Xue X Department of Pharmacology, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, Shaanxi, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the optimal initial tension for the rat basilar artery when using wire myography. Rat basilar arteries were mounted in myograph baths. A normalization procedure was performed. K(+)-rich (60mM) buffer solution-induced tension was measured in different initial tensions. The initial tension of ...
Nagai Hisashi H From the Departments of *Forensic Medicine, and †Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
Pulmonary air embolisms due to the removal of a central venous catheter are rare, but catheter removal is known to be a high risk factor for air embolism. In particular, the removal of a large catheter, such as a double-lumen hemodialysis catheter, can allow a large amount of air to ...
Silav G G Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine Department of Neurosurgery, İstanbul,Turkey - - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the systemic administration of dipyrone in a triple subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) model of cerebral vasospasm in rabbits. Experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage was induced in rabbits by injecting autologous arterial blood into the cisterna magna. Digital subtraction angiographies (DSA) were performed ...
Nough Hossein H Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran - - 2014
Aneurysm can develop in all arteries of the human body. Pseudoaneurysm induced by trauma is known as a rare condition in peripheral arteries. This complication is known as late sequelae of trauma. The incidence of pseudoaneurysm in upper extremities artery is less than lower extremities. Atherosclerotic aneurysms are often seen ...
Blose Kory J KJ Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Demonstrate that periadventitial delivery of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) slows aneurysm progression in an established murine elastase-perfusion model of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). AAAs were induced in C57BL/6 mice using porcine elastase. During elastase perfusion, a delivery device consisting of a subcutaneous port, tubing and porous scaffold was implanted. ...
Verma Shyam S Nirvana Skin Clinic, Makarpura Main Road, Vadodara, Gujarat, - - 2014
A 47-year-old Indian woman with dark hair developed dramatic alopecia of the occipito-vertical area two weeks after a fluoroscopically-guided endovascular procedure for treatment of cerebral aneurysm. There was spontaneous repopulation of hair in 14 weeks. Neuro-radiological intervention procedures are becoming commoner by the day in India, and the rare but ...
Costa Ana A Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, P.O. Box 647060, Pullman, WA 99164-7060, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A dog evaluated for acute onset of neurologic clinical signs was discovered to have a porcupine quill traversing the left atrium with fungal endocarditis. The dog had been quilled by a porcupine one month prior to presentation and had had several quills removed from the thoracic inlet and left dorsal ...
Kashiyama Noriyuki N Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Yamadaoka 2-2, Suita, Osaka, 565-0087, - - 2014
We performed successful off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) in a patient with unstable angina caused by triple-vessel disease, who had undergone esophagectomy with substernal gastric tube reconstruction for esophageal cancer 40 years earlier. Preoperative multidetector-row computed tomography was done to evaluate the course of the gastric tube and also that ...
Danson Ej E Royal North Shore Hospital, Cardiology Dept. Reserve Road, St. Leonards, NSW, Australia, - - 2014
We present a case of a 58 year old woman with a history of angina, coronary artery bypass 24 years previously and diabetes who underwent retrieval of a fractured coronary buddy wire from the right brachial artery following attempted coronary intervention to a saphenous vein graft via the right radial ...
Fukuda Miyuki M Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Innovation Center, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, - - 2014
Intracranial aneurysm (IA) and aortic dissection are both complications of hypertension and characterized by degeneration of the media. Given the involvement of prostaglandin F2α and its receptor, FP, in extracellular matrix remodeling in a mouse model of pulmonary fibrosis, here we induced hypertension and IA in rats by salt loading ...
Nicolescu M I MI "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, "Victor Babeș" National Institute of Pathology, Bucharest, - - 2014
Erst von Romberg was the first one to describe, in 1891, the pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), as a "pulmonary vascular sclerosis". Since than, several groups and sub-groups of the condition were defined, mostly based on clinical features. The latest classification was established in 2013 in Nice, France (Simonneau et al., 2013). ...
Zhao Hui H Second Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
A recent report showed that unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling was activated during bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Phenylbutyric acid (PBA) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chemical chaperone that inhibits the UPR signaling. The present study investigated the effects of PBA on BLM-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and pulmonary fibrosis. For induction ...
Mannacio Vito V Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Federico II, School of Medicine, Naples, Italy - - 2014
Composite grafts allow complete arterial revascularization with minimal aortic manipulations. The Y-T configuration supplies all distal branches adequately, whereas it is unclear whether complex composite configurations (K, Π or double-Y) are equally at rest or when challenged by maximal requirements. Forty-seven patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery revascularization by multiple ...
Yamaoka Y Y From the Stroke Center, NTT Medical Center Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
Head rotation can cause occlusion of the vertebral artery most commonly at the atlas loop, and repetitive compression from head turning induces vertebral artery dissection (VAD). Although ultrasound examinations are useful in diagnosis, dissected lesions unaccompanied by hemodynamic changes can be overlooked. Because the narrowed, dissected vessel in the atlas ...
Hiram Roddy R Université de - - 2014
Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) is a rare and progressive disease characterized by an inflammatory status and vessel wall remodeling, resulting in increased pulmonary artery resistance. Hence PH remains associated with significant morbidity. We hypothesize that inflammation plays a crucial role in the severity of the abnormal vasoconstriction in PH. The goal ...
Awasthy Neeraj N Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Diseases, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, India - - 2014
Management of vascular ring is always a matter of great concern. There is limited literature on management of carbon dioxide retention in mechanically ventilated patients with vascular rings due to double aortic arch, while awaiting corrective cardiac surgery. A 29-day-old girl with complete duplicated double aortic arch, left descending aorta, ...
Lei Yang Y Department of Bioengineering, Clemson - - 2014
Elastin-specific medial arterial calcification (MAC) is an arterial disease commonly referred as Monckeberg's sclerosis. It causes significant arterial stiffness, and as yet, no clinical therapy exists to prevent or reverse it. We developed albumin nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with disodium ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) that were designed to target calcified elastic ...
Luo Li L Fujian Hypertension Research Institute, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University , Fuzhou , P.R. - - 2014
Abstract We investigated the effect of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) transplantation effects on structural remodeling and pulmonary artery pressure in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertensive rats. In the first experiment, 32 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8/group): 3 ADSCs treated groups and normal control (Ctrl). ADSCs ...
Barbero Cristina C PhD Programme in Applied Technologies to Surgical Science, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, "Molinette", University of Torino, Torino, Italy; Division of Cardiac Surgery, Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, "Molinette", University of Torino, Torino, - - 2014
Iatrogenic left main coronary artery and aortic root dissection are rare complications during coronary catheterization. A case of catheter-induced left main coronary artery dissection with subsequent retrograde progression into the ascending aorta wall is reported. The patient was surgically managed with an ascending aorta replacement and left coronary ostial repair ...
Khemasuwan Danai D Department of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Endobronchial involvement is a relatively uncommon but well-described presentation in Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMs) should be reserved for the malignant airway disorder to maintain airway patency, but have been used for benign disease in specific cases. We present a case of longstanding endobronchial GPA with recurrent ...
Murkute Amol A Department of Paediatric Critical Care, Narayana Health, Bommasandra, Bengaluru, Karnataka, - - 2014
Pulmonary haemorrhage is an uncommon symptom in paediatrics with the etiology varying among the series by age, location, and the diagnostic tests employed. Once airway protection and volume resuscitation are ensured, localization of the anatomic site of bleeding, isolation of the involved airway, control of haemorrhage and treatment of the ...
Alihanoglu Yusuf Izzettin YI Department of Cardiology, Pamukkale University Medical Faculty, Denizli, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronary artery fistulas are the second most frequently seen coronary anomaly following abnormalities of coronary artery origin and distribution. A coronary fistula is defined as a direct communication between a coronary artery and any cardiac chamber or vessel. Treatment options include percutaneous embolization and surgical intervention. Herein, we present a ...
Arii T T Department of Anaesthesiology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Medical radiation exposure increases the likelihood of cataract formation. A personal dosimeter was attached to the left temple of 77 anaesthetists during 45 endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs and 32 interventional neuroradiology procedures. Compared with interventional neuroradiology, the median (IQR [range]) total radiation dose emitted by fluoroscopic equipment was significantly lower ...
Akaihata Hidenori H Department of Urology, Fukushima Medical University of School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effect of pelvic arterial occlusive disease on the RhoA/Rho-kinase (ROK) pathway in a rat model of chronic bladder ischemia. Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats (16 weeks old) were divided into arterial endothelial injury (AI) and control groups. The AI group underwent balloon endothelial injury of the bilateral iliac ...
Jin Haifeng H Institute of Cancer Stem Cell, Dalian Medical University Cancer Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, Dalian Medical University Cancer Center, Dalian, China; Department of Anatomy, Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar, - - 2014
Hypoxia-induced inflammation and excessive proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) play important roles in the pathological process of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH). Melatonin possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative properties. However, the effect of melatonin on HPH remains unclear. In this study, adult Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to intermittent chronic ...
Tsai Shirling S Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Tex; Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Tex. Electronic address: - - 2014
A 65-year-old man presented with right arm and face weakness associated with severe coughing fits. A computed tomography angiogram revealed an occlusion of the left common and internal carotid arteries and an incomplete circle of Willis. An arch angiogram demonstrated reconstitution of the left external carotid artery, which collateralized with ...
Rebibo L L Department of Digestive Surgery, Amiens North Hospital, Jules-Verne University of Picardie, place Victor Pauchet, 80054 Amiens, - - 2014
We report a variation of an aberrant right hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery and crossing into pancreatic head without other hepatic artery substitution. The variant was discovered during radiological examinations in a patient with symptomatic chronic pancreatitis requiring Frey's procedure with reinsertion of the common bile duct ...
Nat Amritpal Singh AS SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY - - 2014
An 81-year-old man presented with suprapubic pain and urinary retention. Echocardiography showed aneurysmal dilatation and a dissection flap in the ascending aorta, shown in a short video. CT angiography revealed an ascending aortic aneurysm and a type I DeBakey aortic dissection.
Tokuda Michifumi M Department of Cardiology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8, Nishi-shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan, - - 2014
A 57-year-old male with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) was referred for catheter ablation. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) revealed that a membrane divided the left atrium into two chambers, thus indicating the presence of cor triatriatum sinister. A 3D image reconstructed by MDCT showed that the accessory atrium received the left ...
Yamamoto Takumi T Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Plastic Surgery, Noda Hospital, Chiba, - - 2014
Supermicrosurgical lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) has been reported to be useful for the treatment of obstructive lymphedema. However, LVA has a potential risk of anastomosis site thrombosis. It is more physiological to use a lymphatic vessel as a recipient vessel of lymphatic bypass surgery, because there is no chance for blood ...
Yavuz Veysel V Cardiology Department, Akhisar State Hospital, Manisa, - - 2014
Coronary artery anomalies are among the neglected topics in cardiology. Anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery from the right sinus of valsalva is a rare coronary anomaly observed in 0.15% of patients. During exercise, the distended aorta and pulmonary artery with increased blood flow may squeeze the Left ...
More Amar S AS *WCU program, Department of BIN Fusion Technology, Chonbuk National University, Chonju, Korea; †CNS Diseases Research, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Biberach, Germany; and ‡Department of Pharmacology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
: This study examined the vascular effects of bradykinin in health and vascular inflammation comparing responses of isolated pig coronary arteries in the absence and presence of endotoxins. Bradykinin induced contractions in lipopolysaccharide-treated, but not untreated, arterial rings without endothelium. The B2-receptor antagonist HOE140, but not the B1-receptor inhibitor SSR240612, ...
Matsumoto Hiroaki H Department of Neurosurgery, Eisyokai Yoshida Hospital; Kobe, Japan - - - 2014
Radiation-induced cerebral aneurysms are rare. We describe a case of radiation-induced cerebral aneurysm successfully treated with endovascular coil embolization. A 39-year-old man received 60 Gy of radiation to a pineal germinoma at eight years old. The left internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm which developed within the irradiated field and stenotic ...
Ahmad Tanveer T Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sagar Hospital-DSI, Bangalore, India - - 2014
Less-invasive methods for nonsurgical closure of a patent ductus arteriosus have gained popularity as first-line therapy. An 11-year-old girl underwent percutaneous patent ductus arteriosus closure with a device. The device embolized into the descending aorta. An attempt at catheter retrieval was complicated by iliofemoral arterial injury. Subsequent device extraction was ...
Yoshimatsu Rika R Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Institute and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan ; Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
We experienced a case with a gastric varix that did not have a catheterizable main drainage vein and had multiple afferent veins. For this case we successfully performed percutaneous transhepatic sclerotherapy using the following procedure. After the drainage vein was embolized by metallic coils and n-butyl cyanoacrylate from a microcatheter ...
D'Alto Michele M 1Department of Cardiology,Second University of - - 2014
A 4.5-year-old child with severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension underwent right-heart catheterisation, showing suprasystemic pulmonary pressure and a tiny patent ductus arteriosus with trivial right-to-left shunting. The ductus arteriosus was successfully stented with a bare metal stent. At 1-year follow-up, a remarkable improvement was observed in clinical status, functional capacity, ...
Restrepo Paula P Patient Care Services (Ms Restrepo), Treadwell Library (Ms Jameson), and Institute for Patient Care, Yvonne L. Munn Center for Nursing Research (Dr Carroll), Massachusetts General Hospital, - - 2014
Deep vein thrombosis remains a source of adverse outcomes in surgical patients. Deep vein thrombosis is preventable with prophylactic intervention. The success of noninvasive mechanical modalities for prophylaxis relies on compliance with correct application. The goals of this project were to create a guideline that reflected current evidence and expert ...
Dohi Masahiro M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We present a case of redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in which a single internal thoracic artery (ITA) graft was upgraded to a bilateral ITA graft by recycling a left ITA graft, anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery in primary CABG performed 17 years previously. During redo CABG, ...
Gitkind Andrew I - - 2014
To identify and categorize anatomical anomalies of the vertebral artery and determine the relationship of these unexpected variations to the site for cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injections (CTESI). The cervical region and course of the vertebral arteries was dissected in 10 cadavers. Anatomical anomalies of the vertebral arteries were identified ...
Egashira Toru T Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan, - - 2014
This is the first report of rare simultaneous complication of three cardiac malformations: bicuspid aortic valve with annuloaortic ectasia, single coronary artery, and patent foramen ovale. We successfully operated to replace the aortic valve and ascending aorta, and to close the patent foramen ovale.
Marshall Amanda M AM Phoenix Children's Hospital/Maricopa Medical Center Residency Program, Phoenix, - - 2014
We present one of the first reported cases of a neonate with a prenatal diagnosis of large left ventricular rhabdomyoma obstructing the outflow tract that underwent a hybrid procedure with stenting of the patent duct arteriosus and bilateral pulmonary artery banding.
Kang Sok-Leng - - 2014
Type B interrupted aortic arch results in the left subclavian artery being perfused by a patent ductus arteriosus and antegrade flow is usually seen in the left subclavian artery. We describe a case of retrograde perfusion of the left subclavian artery through the circle of Willis in the presence of ...
Oh Hyun Kong HK Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, - - 2014
A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with aortic stenoinsufficiency with periannular abscess, which involved the aortic root of noncoronary sinus (NCS) that invaded down to the central fibrous body, whole membranous septum, mitral valve (MV), and tricuspid valve (TV). The open complete debridement was executed from the aortic annulus at NCS ...
Pandit Bhagya Narayan BN Department of Cardiology, G.B. Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India, - - 2014
Treatment for superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) by percutaneous interventions has become established as a definitive therapy. However, there is a significant risk of rupture during SVC intervention. We describe an uncommon case that developed SVC rupture during percutaneous intervention for idiopathic SVCS. This was managed successfully with pericardiocentesis and ...
Stein Paul D PD Department of Osteopathic Medical Specialties, Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
The anatomy of the sinuses of Valsalva has not been considered from the viewpoint of a converging nozzle. Converging nozzles reduce turbulence. We reviewed computed tomographic images of the left and right sinuses of Valsalva in 20 consecutive patients. The sinuses of Valsalva were shown to have a shape in ...
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