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Nicolescu M I MI "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, "Victor BabeČ™" National Institute of Pathology, Bucharest, - - 2014
Erst von Romberg was the first one to describe, in 1891, the pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), as a "pulmonary vascular sclerosis". Since than, several groups and sub-groups of the condition were defined, mostly based on clinical features. The latest classification was established in 2013 in Nice, France (Simonneau et al., 2013). ...
Mannacio Vito V Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Federico II, School of Medicine, Naples, Italy - - 2014
Composite grafts allow complete arterial revascularization with minimal aortic manipulations. The Y-T configuration supplies all distal branches adequately, whereas it is unclear whether complex composite configurations (K, Π or double-Y) are equally at rest or when challenged by maximal requirements. Forty-seven patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery revascularization by multiple ...
Yamaoka Y Y From the Stroke Center, NTT Medical Center Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
Head rotation can cause occlusion of the vertebral artery most commonly at the atlas loop, and repetitive compression from head turning induces vertebral artery dissection (VAD). Although ultrasound examinations are useful in diagnosis, dissected lesions unaccompanied by hemodynamic changes can be overlooked. Because the narrowed, dissected vessel in the atlas ...
Hiram Roddy R Université de - - 2014
Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) is a rare and progressive disease characterized by an inflammatory status and vessel wall remodeling, resulting in increased pulmonary artery resistance. Hence PH remains associated with significant morbidity. We hypothesize that inflammation plays a crucial role in the severity of the abnormal vasoconstriction in PH. The goal ...
Awasthy Neeraj N Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Congenital Heart Diseases, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, India - - 2014
Management of vascular ring is always a matter of great concern. There is limited literature on management of carbon dioxide retention in mechanically ventilated patients with vascular rings due to double aortic arch, while awaiting corrective cardiac surgery. A 29-day-old girl with complete duplicated double aortic arch, left descending aorta, ...
Lei Yang Y Department of Bioengineering, Clemson - - 2014
Elastin-specific medial arterial calcification (MAC) is an arterial disease commonly referred as Monckeberg's sclerosis. It causes significant arterial stiffness, and as yet, no clinical therapy exists to prevent or reverse it. We developed albumin nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with disodium ethylene diaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) that were designed to target calcified elastic ...
Luo Li L Fujian Hypertension Research Institute, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University , Fuzhou , P.R. - - 2014
Abstract We investigated the effect of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) transplantation effects on structural remodeling and pulmonary artery pressure in monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertensive rats. In the first experiment, 32 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8/group): 3 ADSCs treated groups and normal control (Ctrl). ADSCs ...
Barbero Cristina C PhD Programme in Applied Technologies to Surgical Science, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, "Molinette", University of Torino, Torino, Italy; Division of Cardiac Surgery, Città della Salute e della Scienza Hospital, "Molinette", University of Torino, Torino, - - 2014
Iatrogenic left main coronary artery and aortic root dissection are rare complications during coronary catheterization. A case of catheter-induced left main coronary artery dissection with subsequent retrograde progression into the ascending aorta wall is reported. The patient was surgically managed with an ascending aorta replacement and left coronary ostial repair ...
Khemasuwan Danai D Department of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
Endobronchial involvement is a relatively uncommon but well-described presentation in Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMs) should be reserved for the malignant airway disorder to maintain airway patency, but have been used for benign disease in specific cases. We present a case of longstanding endobronchial GPA with recurrent ...
Murkute Amol A Department of Paediatric Critical Care, Narayana Health, Bommasandra, Bengaluru, Karnataka, - - 2014
Pulmonary haemorrhage is an uncommon symptom in paediatrics with the etiology varying among the series by age, location, and the diagnostic tests employed. Once airway protection and volume resuscitation are ensured, localization of the anatomic site of bleeding, isolation of the involved airway, control of haemorrhage and treatment of the ...
Arii T T Department of Anaesthesiology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
Medical radiation exposure increases the likelihood of cataract formation. A personal dosimeter was attached to the left temple of 77 anaesthetists during 45 endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs and 32 interventional neuroradiology procedures. Compared with interventional neuroradiology, the median (IQR [range]) total radiation dose emitted by fluoroscopic equipment was significantly lower ...
Akaihata Hidenori H Department of Urology, Fukushima Medical University of School of Medicine, Fukushima, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the effect of pelvic arterial occlusive disease on the RhoA/Rho-kinase (ROK) pathway in a rat model of chronic bladder ischemia. Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats (16 weeks old) were divided into arterial endothelial injury (AI) and control groups. The AI group underwent balloon endothelial injury of the bilateral iliac ...
Jin Haifeng H Institute of Cancer Stem Cell, Dalian Medical University Cancer Center, The First Affiliated Hospital, Dalian Medical University Cancer Center, Dalian, China; Department of Anatomy, Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar, - - 2014
Hypoxia-induced inflammation and excessive proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) play important roles in the pathological process of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH). Melatonin possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative properties. However, the effect of melatonin on HPH remains unclear. In this study, adult Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to intermittent chronic ...
Tsai Shirling S Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Tex; Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Tex. Electronic address: - - 2014
A 65-year-old man presented with right arm and face weakness associated with severe coughing fits. A computed tomography angiogram revealed an occlusion of the left common and internal carotid arteries and an incomplete circle of Willis. An arch angiogram demonstrated reconstitution of the left external carotid artery, which collateralized with ...
Rebibo L L Department of Digestive Surgery, Amiens North Hospital, Jules-Verne University of Picardie, place Victor Pauchet, 80054 Amiens, - - 2014
We report a variation of an aberrant right hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery and crossing into pancreatic head without other hepatic artery substitution. The variant was discovered during radiological examinations in a patient with symptomatic chronic pancreatitis requiring Frey's procedure with reinsertion of the common bile duct ...
Nat Amritpal Singh AS SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY - - 2014
An 81-year-old man presented with suprapubic pain and urinary retention. Echocardiography showed aneurysmal dilatation and a dissection flap in the ascending aorta, shown in a short video. CT angiography revealed an ascending aortic aneurysm and a type I DeBakey aortic dissection.
Tokuda Michifumi M Department of Cardiology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8, Nishi-shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan, - - 2014
A 57-year-old male with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) was referred for catheter ablation. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) revealed that a membrane divided the left atrium into two chambers, thus indicating the presence of cor triatriatum sinister. A 3D image reconstructed by MDCT showed that the accessory atrium received the left ...
Yamamoto Takumi T Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Plastic Surgery, Noda Hospital, Chiba, - - 2014
Supermicrosurgical lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) has been reported to be useful for the treatment of obstructive lymphedema. However, LVA has a potential risk of anastomosis site thrombosis. It is more physiological to use a lymphatic vessel as a recipient vessel of lymphatic bypass surgery, because there is no chance for blood ...
Yavuz Veysel V Cardiology Department, Akhisar State Hospital, Manisa, - - 2014
Coronary artery anomalies are among the neglected topics in cardiology. Anomalous origin of the left main coronary artery from the right sinus of valsalva is a rare coronary anomaly observed in 0.15% of patients. During exercise, the distended aorta and pulmonary artery with increased blood flow may squeeze the Left ...
More Amar S AS *WCU program, Department of BIN Fusion Technology, Chonbuk National University, Chonju, Korea; †CNS Diseases Research, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Biberach, Germany; and ‡Department of Pharmacology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
: This study examined the vascular effects of bradykinin in health and vascular inflammation comparing responses of isolated pig coronary arteries in the absence and presence of endotoxins. Bradykinin induced contractions in lipopolysaccharide-treated, but not untreated, arterial rings without endothelium. The B2-receptor antagonist HOE140, but not the B1-receptor inhibitor SSR240612, ...
Matsumoto Hiroaki H Department of Neurosurgery, Eisyokai Yoshida Hospital; Kobe, Japan - - - 2014
Radiation-induced cerebral aneurysms are rare. We describe a case of radiation-induced cerebral aneurysm successfully treated with endovascular coil embolization. A 39-year-old man received 60 Gy of radiation to a pineal germinoma at eight years old. The left internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm which developed within the irradiated field and stenotic ...
Ahmad Tanveer T Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sagar Hospital-DSI, Bangalore, India - - 2014
Less-invasive methods for nonsurgical closure of a patent ductus arteriosus have gained popularity as first-line therapy. An 11-year-old girl underwent percutaneous patent ductus arteriosus closure with a device. The device embolized into the descending aorta. An attempt at catheter retrieval was complicated by iliofemoral arterial injury. Subsequent device extraction was ...
Yoshimatsu Rika R Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Institute and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan ; Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
We experienced a case with a gastric varix that did not have a catheterizable main drainage vein and had multiple afferent veins. For this case we successfully performed percutaneous transhepatic sclerotherapy using the following procedure. After the drainage vein was embolized by metallic coils and n-butyl cyanoacrylate from a microcatheter ...
D'Alto Michele M 1Department of Cardiology,Second University of - - 2014
A 4.5-year-old child with severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension underwent right-heart catheterisation, showing suprasystemic pulmonary pressure and a tiny patent ductus arteriosus with trivial right-to-left shunting. The ductus arteriosus was successfully stented with a bare metal stent. At 1-year follow-up, a remarkable improvement was observed in clinical status, functional capacity, ...
Restrepo Paula P Patient Care Services (Ms Restrepo), Treadwell Library (Ms Jameson), and Institute for Patient Care, Yvonne L. Munn Center for Nursing Research (Dr Carroll), Massachusetts General Hospital, - - 2014
Deep vein thrombosis remains a source of adverse outcomes in surgical patients. Deep vein thrombosis is preventable with prophylactic intervention. The success of noninvasive mechanical modalities for prophylaxis relies on compliance with correct application. The goals of this project were to create a guideline that reflected current evidence and expert ...
Dohi Masahiro M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We present a case of redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in which a single internal thoracic artery (ITA) graft was upgraded to a bilateral ITA graft by recycling a left ITA graft, anastomosed to the left anterior descending artery in primary CABG performed 17 years previously. During redo CABG, ...
Gitkind Andrew I - - 2014
To identify and categorize anatomical anomalies of the vertebral artery and determine the relationship of these unexpected variations to the site for cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injections (CTESI). The cervical region and course of the vertebral arteries was dissected in 10 cadavers. Anatomical anomalies of the vertebral arteries were identified ...
Egashira Toru T Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Keio University, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 160-8582, Japan, - - 2014
This is the first report of rare simultaneous complication of three cardiac malformations: bicuspid aortic valve with annuloaortic ectasia, single coronary artery, and patent foramen ovale. We successfully operated to replace the aortic valve and ascending aorta, and to close the patent foramen ovale.
Marshall Amanda M AM Phoenix Children's Hospital/Maricopa Medical Center Residency Program, Phoenix, - - 2014
We present one of the first reported cases of a neonate with a prenatal diagnosis of large left ventricular rhabdomyoma obstructing the outflow tract that underwent a hybrid procedure with stenting of the patent duct arteriosus and bilateral pulmonary artery banding.
Kang Sok-Leng - - 2014
Type B interrupted aortic arch results in the left subclavian artery being perfused by a patent ductus arteriosus and antegrade flow is usually seen in the left subclavian artery. We describe a case of retrograde perfusion of the left subclavian artery through the circle of Willis in the presence of ...
Oh Hyun Kong HK Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, - - 2014
A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with aortic stenoinsufficiency with periannular abscess, which involved the aortic root of noncoronary sinus (NCS) that invaded down to the central fibrous body, whole membranous septum, mitral valve (MV), and tricuspid valve (TV). The open complete debridement was executed from the aortic annulus at NCS ...
Pandit Bhagya Narayan BN Department of Cardiology, G.B. Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India, - - 2014
Treatment for superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) by percutaneous interventions has become established as a definitive therapy. However, there is a significant risk of rupture during SVC intervention. We describe an uncommon case that developed SVC rupture during percutaneous intervention for idiopathic SVCS. This was managed successfully with pericardiocentesis and ...
Stein Paul D PD Department of Osteopathic Medical Specialties, Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
The anatomy of the sinuses of Valsalva has not been considered from the viewpoint of a converging nozzle. Converging nozzles reduce turbulence. We reviewed computed tomographic images of the left and right sinuses of Valsalva in 20 consecutive patients. The sinuses of Valsalva were shown to have a shape in ...
Stern Seth J SJ The Hospital for Sick Children, Labatt Family Heart Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background: Foetuses with simple tetralogy of Fallot almost universally have a patent ductus arteriosus. Two recently identified cases had an absent patent ductus arteriosus, requiring emergent intervention at birth. The objective of this study was to determine whether foetuses diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot and no patent ductus arteriosus have ...
Lewis Mark - - 2014
The primary purpose of this study is to examine whether use of source data is effective in increasing the number of arterial segments that can be interpreted from maximum intensity projections of lower limb MR angiograms. Correlation between sites of arterial disease and venous contamination was also measured. Interpretation of ...
Omar Hesham R HR Internal Medicine Department, Mercy Medical Center, Clinton, IA 52732, - - 2014
We describe a case of a giant left anterior descending coronary artery pseudoaneurysm presenting with acute coronary syndrome and projecting as a paracardiac mass on chest X-ray.
Kim Seon Hee SH Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, - - 2014
A 50-year-old female was admitted to Pusan National University Hospital with complaints of fatigue and sweating. Echocardiography showed a small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and highly mobile vegetations on the aortic valve. Emergency operation was performed due to the high risk of embolization and severe aortic regurgitation. When the pulmonary ...
Sirsikar S S - - 2014
Pulmonary opacities have many causes we are presenting a case of pulmonary opacity in a patient of breathlessness; who was on amiodarone for atrial fibrillation (AF).
Marinakis Sotirios S *Cardiovascular Surgery, CHUV, Lausanne, - - 2014
In extreme situations, like hyperacute rejection of heart transplant or major heart trauma, heart preservation may not be possible. Our experimental team works on a project of peripheral ECMO support in acardia as a bridge to heart transplantation or artificial heart implantation. An extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support was established ...
Tang Liang L Department of Cardiology, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410011, People's Republic of - - 2014
Percutaneous closure of patent arterial ducts with the Amplatzer Ductal Occluder has become an effective and widely accepted alternative to surgical management. Although rarely, the occluder can be dislodged after an initially successful deployment, and with catastrophic consequences. We describe such a case in a 12-month-old girl who underwent transcatheter ...
Ozdemir Mevci M From the *Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli; and Departments of †Anatomy, and ‡Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey; and §Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Head positioning and the degree of rotation for anterior communicating artery aneurysm surgery is controversial. With this anatomic study, we aimed to give a broad description of head positioning for various aneurysm dome projections. In addition, with the use of a corrosion-cast technique, a three-dimensional arterial tree was demonstrated, an ...
Zhang Hongming H Department of Cardiology, The General Hospital of Jinan Military Region Jinan, 250031, - - 2014
We report a case of sudden death in Takayasu arteritis after coronary artery bypass. A 22-year-old girl visited our hospital in June 2009 because of paroxysmal chest tightness and shortness of breath for 2 years. She was diagnosed as Takayasu arteritis, the limited stenosis of upper aorta ventralis, low perfusion ...
Azzalini Lorenzo L Cardiac Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, GRB-295, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Interventional Cardiology, Heart Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The C-arm used for fluoroscopy during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may also be used to acquire 3-dimensional data sets similar to multidetector row CT (MDCT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of C-arm CT (CACT) for aortic annulus and root (AoA/R) measurements in TAVR planning ...
Subramanian Venkateshwaran V Department of Cardiology, Sreechitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, - - 2014
A nineteen-month-old girl was taken up for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) device closure. A diagnostic catheter from the right femoral venous access entered the superior vena cava (SVC), through the azygos vein suggesting interruption of inferior vena caval with azygos continuity. Therefore, the PDA device was closed from the right ...
Tefera Endale E Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Cardiology Unit, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University and Cardiac Center, Addis Ababa, - - 2014
Percutaneous closure of the patent arterial duct in patients with interrupted inferior caval vein poses a technical challenge. A 12-year-old girl with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and interrupted inferior caval vein is described in this report. The diagnosis of interrupted inferior caval vein and azygos continuation was made in ...
Kitagawa Atsushi A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ako Central Hospital, Ako, Hyogo, - - 2014
We report the anatomical similarity of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) regarding morphology and visceral vessel relations with three-dimensional computed tomography in monozygotic twins, both of whom had the left accessory renal artery, patent inferior mesenteric artery and bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms without aortic wall calcification and mural thrombus in ...
Ishisone Takenori T Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, Morioka, - - 2014
A 17-year-old man underwent clinical evaluation of exercise-induced syncope. Routine exercise stress test did not show any myocardial ischaemic changes or arrhythmias on the ECG recording. However, multidetector CT (MDCT) angiography of the coronary arteries revealed an abnormal origin of the left coronary artery from the right coronary sinus. The ...
Walker Rachel J RJ Department of Vascular Surgery, Worcestershire Royal Hospital, Worcester WR5 1DD, UK - - 2014
We present a case of a 61-year-old male presenting with post-prandial epigastric pain and marked weight loss. Investigation revealed calcific atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta, coeliac axis, superior mesenteric (SMA) and renal arteries. He had undergone radiotherapy for testicular teratoma 34 years previously. Percutaneous mesenteric revascularization by primary stenting of ...
Deng Chun-Yu CY Medical Research Center of Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou, P.R. China; Guangdong Provincial Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, P.R. - - 2014
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a powerful constrictor of coronary arteries and is considered to be involved in the pathophysiological mechanisms of coronary-artery spasm. However, the mechanism of enhancement of coronary-artery constriction to 5-HT during the development of coronary artery disease remains to be elucidated. Organ culture of intact blood-vessel segments has ...
Nagamine Yuito Y Department of Neurology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, - - 2014
A 58-year-old woman developed agraphia and mild right hemiparesis approximately one month after undergoing coil embolization of an unruptured left internal carotid artery aneurysm. MRI performed on day 39 post-coil embolization showed multiple lesions in the white matter with signal hyperintensity on T2-weighted and FLAIR images in the left middle ...
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