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Hraska Viktor - - 2009
Controversy persists regarding the management of patients suffering from tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve syndrome. Airway obstruction caused by the dilated pulmonary arteries is the determining factor in the mortality of symptomatic newborns and infants. A number of surgical techniques for the reduction of bronchial obstruction have been ...
Ishiguro Takashi - - 2009
A 68-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for indistinct consciousness, progressive dyspnea, night sweats and fever of 2 weeks duration. Hypoxemia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase were found. Computed tomography was negative except for a small bilateral pleural effusion. Chest perfusion scintigraphy showed inhomogeneous perfusion thought unlikely to ...
Juan Carlos Leandro Perez ...
We present the case of a 41-year-old woman who presented with chest pain. CT for possible pulmonary embolism showed a mass filling the left main pulmonary artery, with imaging features suggestive of pulmonary angiosarcoma. Open thoracotomy for excision of the mass revelaed no mass, only evidence of a chronic pulmonary ...
Springmeyer Steven C - - 2008
Pulmonary rehabilitation confers significant benefit to patients with COPD. The beneficial effects are seen in dyspnea and health-related quality of life. These measures are often considered in clinical trials as study endpoints. Pulmonary rehabilitation may affect the study population and study enrollment in clinical trials of other therapies in COPD, ...
Miyoshi K - - 2008
Primary chylopericardium is an uncommon entity, and its association with pulmonary lymphedema has been rarely reported.We describe a case of primary chylopericardium with pulmonary lymphedema developing into hypoxemia. The pulmonary lesions were histologically diagnosed as pulmonary lymphangiectasis and lymphedema on lung biopsies. Lymphedema seems to suggest the existence of chylous ...
He Wenxin - - 2008
Pulmonary blastoma is a rare malignant lesion with a poor prognosis. We described a case of a 47-year-old woman with a large biphasic pulmonary blastoma, involving the left pulmonary artery. Under cardiopulmonary bypass, it was treated with radical left intrapericardial pneumonectomy and pulmonary thromboendarterectomy. Subsequent chemotherapy and radiotherapy was used. ...
TANAE, Hidetsugu
この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。
Rodriguez Fausto J - - 2007
The Carney triad is the clinical association of gastric stromal sarcomas, pulmonary cartilaginous tumors, and extra-adrenal paragangliomas. The pulmonary tumors are its second commonest component and have been misinterpreted clinically and pathologically as metastases from the gastric tumors and pulmonary cartilaginous hamartomas, respectively. They have not been previously described in ...
Scott John W - - 2007
Left pulmonary artery hypoplasia in the setting of Fontan circulation predisposes to pulmonary artery discontinuity. We describe a novel approach to correct post-Fontan left pulmonary artery discontinuity by a strategy to produce isolated left pulmonary artery growth, followed by a catheter-based reincorporation of the left pulmonary artery into the Fontan ...
Imperato Jason - - 2006
The aging process results in changes in pulmonary physiology that make the elderly population more susceptible to pulmonary disease. These physiologic changes also alter the clinical presentation of such diseases, making the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary disorders particularly challenging for the clinician. It is important for the clinician to ...
Alba Augusta S AS Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. - - 2006
Pulmonary rehabilitation includes the rehabilitation of not only patients with respiratory failure in need of ventilatory support but also patients with primary pulmonary disease. New advances in medical management now offer treatment to patients with end-stage emphysema, pulmonary hypertension, and interstitial disease, and the principles of rehabilitation can add both ...
Bartels Matthew N MN Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA. - - 2006
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the most common form of primary pulmonary disability. Few effective treatment options exist for it, but recently, lung-volume reduction surgery (LVRS) has been shown to be effective in selected patients with emphysema. Pulmonary rehabilitation is an integral part of the preparation for and recovery ...
Kurkcuoglu Ibrahim Can - - 2005
Pulmonary hypoplasia is a bronchopulmonary foregut anomaly characterized by a decreased number of alveoli and decreased alveolar air space. At autopsy, pulmonary hypoplasia is one of the important causes of death in newborns and infants. Pulmonary hypoplasia is rare in adults. In this paper, we present a case of pulmonary ...
Kukulj Suzana - - 2004
A case is presented of pulmonary botryomycosis in a 61-year-old man with a massive right-side pulmonary infiltrate which looked like a tumor (on X-ray). Microscopic examination of a transbronchial biopsy specimen revealed chronic suppurative inflammation, which did not regress despite intensive antibiotic therapy for a period of two months. Histological ...
Azuma Arata - - 2003
Dendriform pulmonary ossification is an extremely rare disease, which is usually found and analysed postmortem. Pathogenesis of pulmonary ossification is therefore still unknown. We describe two males in the same family (a 29 year-old patients and his 58 year-old father) with pulmonary ossification. The young male was symptomatic pneumothorax but ...
Salanitri John - - 2002
Acute pulmonary schistosomiasis occurs in non-immune hosts, particularly visitors to regions where Schistosoma species are endemic. While radiological findings of acute pulmonary schistosomiasis might resemble neoplastic or granulomatous disease, an appropriate travel history might suggest the diagnosis. With rising popularity of travel to Africa and South-East Asia, the incidence of ...
Shelley J. Newman
A unique case of primary pulmonary leiomyosarcoma was diagnosed postmortem in an adult white Carneau pigeon (Columba livia) that had presented with respiratory distress, lethargy, and anorexia nonresponsive to antibiotic treatment. Histologically, the pulmonary mass was composed of multiple interlacing bands of malignant spindle cells. Prominent eosinophilic staining of these ...
Walker W C - - 2001
This self-directed learning module highlights assessment and therapeutic options in the rehabilitation of patients with pulmonary diseases and in the pulmonary management of neurologic disorders. It is part of the chapter on cardiovascular, pulmonary, and cancer rehabilitation in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine ...
Pruszczyk P - - 2001
It is suggested that transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), by detecting thromboemboli in the proximal parts of the pulmonary arteries, is useful in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. However, the data on visualization of the pulmonary arteries are limited. The extent of the pulmonary arteries that can be precisely visualized during biplane ...
Laudy J A - - 2000
This review describes the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypoplasia and highlights its clinical, radiological and pathologic features, with emphasis on oligohydramnios-related pulmonary hypoplasia. Since pulmonary hypoplasia may lead to severe respiratory distress immediately after birth and even to neonatal death, an accurate and patient-friendly prenatal test for early detection and distinction ...
Duchini A - - 2000
We describe the case of a 36-year-old woman with previous hepatopulmonary syndrome in which a focal pulmonary lesion developed after liver transplantation. Thoracoscopic resection showed a pulmonary infarction of the superior segment of the right lower lobe. The patient recovered and had no further thrombotic events after 2 years of ...
Perry L - - 2000
AIMS: Giant lamellar bodies (GLBs) are rare pulmonary inclusions, most frequently described in sclerosing haemangiomas. Following a recent report of their presence in a case of pulmonary lymphoma of MALT origin, our aims were to determine their frequency in pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders, examine their structure and investigate their aetiology further. ...
Bendayan D - - 2000
Pulmonary calcification is a common asymptomatic finding, usually discovered on routine chest X-ray or at autopsy. Pulmonary calcifications are caused mainly by two mechanisms: the dystrophic form and the metastatic form (1). Despite the different aetiologies, the pulmonary function and clinical manifestations are quite similar in both forms. We present ...
Gao J - - 2000
An analysis of pulsatile microcirculation in cat lung, with special attention to the pulmonary microvascular impedance, is presented. A theoretical calculation is made on the basis of a complete set of experimental data on the morphology and elasticity of cat's pulmonary capillary sheets. The transfer matrix of the pulmonary microvascular ...
Guntheroth W - - 1999
The Coanda effect (the tendency of a jet stream to adhere to a boundary wall), and the relevant anatomy, may explain the location of ductal jets within the main pulmonary artery. With the usual insertion of the duct close to the left pulmonary artery, during right ventricular ejection, the ductal ...
de Perrot M - - 1999
A benign primary pulmonary meningioma, an extremely rare tumour, was incidentally detected in a 57-year-old woman in association with a contralateral pulmonary adenocarcinoma. The meningioma was initially suspected to be a metastasis. Both tumours were excised, with excellent outcome. Anatomic features of primary pulmonary meningioma and differential diagnosis are discussed.
Lippert J L - - 1998
Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is a rare disorder that is characterized pathologically by formation of capillaries along alveolar walls that may ultimately invade the pulmonary parenchyma and pulmonary arteries. The clinic presentation overlaps that of primary pulmonary hypertension, but the natural history of pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is one of rapid deterioration. ...
Hochhaus G - - 1997
Glucocorticoids are predominantly prescribed in asthma therapy as aerosols to achieve high pulmonary effects with reduced systemic spill-over and pronounced pulmonary selectivity. A variety of pharmacokinetic parameters are potentially important for determining pulmonary selectivity. The intent of this article, is to provide a practice-relevant theoretical approach to put the importance ...
Hayasaki M - - 1996
An assessment was made of the capacity for re-migration of the 5th-stage juvenile canine heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis. Live, 5th-stage juvenile worms recovered from the pulmonary arteries of infected dogs were transplanted into the subcutaneous tissue of uninfected dogs, cats, and rabbits. A mean of 45%, 61%, and 18% of the ...
Kiss Zoltán - - 1996
We present a case report of isolated right pulmonary artery agenesis detected by multiplane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). A special emphasis is placed on its important role in the differential diagnosis and hemodynamic and functional evaluation of patients with unilateral pulmonary oligemia on chest radiograph. We also present a case report ...
Henry G - - 1996
A 12-year-old male presented with an acutely ischaemic leg following a laparotomy for a pelvic abscess secondary to acute appendicitis. A femoral angiogram revealed an embolus at the popliteal artery. Urgent embolectomy was performed with restoration of normal arterial flow. Subsequent investigation revealed a patent foramen ovale. We believe this ...
Cantwell J D - - 1996
A 29-year-old man was referred to a cardiologist after an irregular heartbeat was found on a preemployment physical examination. He had no cardiac or pulmonary symptoms.
Shannon H M - - 1995
Three cases of pulmonary actinomycosis are described. In all three cases, an initial diagnosis of pulmonary malignant neoplasia was made. The correct diagnosis was made histologically after the three patients underwent either lobectomy or pneumonectomy. All patients recovered after appropriate therapy. Pulmonary actinomycosis should always be considered in the differential ...
Kitagawa T - - 1995
In expectation of the growth of a new pulmonary arterial trunk in total correction of tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia, we used pedicled autologous pericardium combined with left atrial appendage as the posterior wall of a new pulmonary arterial trunk. In cases of long discontinuity between the right ventricular ...
Mason C M - - 1995
The development of pneumonia typically results from an overwhelming bacterial inoculum or a breakdown in the integrity of the host's pulmonary defense mechanisms. Augmentation of pulmonary defenses is one means of reducing the incidence, morbidity, and mortality from pneumonia. Strategies to enhance pulmonary or systemic defenses are actively being investigated. ...
Stice K A - - 1995
Pulmonary rehabilitation strives to relieve symptoms, improve functional status, and enhance quality of life for patients with pulmonary disease. This article describes the condition called postpolio syndrome and its associated pulmonary complications. Forty-two percent of the respondents to a national survey on the late effects of polio were experiencing new ...
Topol M - - 1995
The shape of the pulmonary alveoli in pulmonary acini was investigated in corrosion casts and in translucent slices. Five types of the pulmonary alveoli in corrosion casts were distinguished. Most of them were spherical or saucer-shaped. In slices, made translucent in methyl salicylate, the pulmonary alveoli filled with the air ...
Ayabe, Hiroyoshi
Postoperative pulmonary function is essential for ensuring the quality of life for aged lung cancer patients who underwent pulmonary resection. The operative procedures of bronchoplasty and pulmonary angioplasty are reliable for maintaining pulmonary function. The values of this procedures were evaluated on the basis of clinical experience. Pulmonary angioplasty which ...
Dehner L P - - 1994
Pulmonary blastoma was defined by Spencer and others as a neoplasm with histopathological features thought to be reminiscent of Wilms' tumor. Unlike the other embryonal-fetal neoplasms that typically occur in early childhood, the majority of pulmonary blastomas have been reported in adults. One explanation offered by Spencer for the delayed ...
Bach J R - - 1993
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or those with paralytic restrictive pulmonary syndromes caused by progressive neuromuscular disease, kyphoscoliosis or traumatic quadriplegia may require frequent hospitalization because of respiratory impairment and have increased morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary rehabilitation has been shown to decrease the frequency of hospitalization, ameliorate symptoms, ...
Nakamura Y - - 1993
Pulmonary disorders in infants are intimately related to the pulmonary development during the antenatal, neonatal and infantile period. In this review, normal pulmonary development is considered and several pulmonary disorders such as pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary sequestration, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, hyaline membrane disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, Wilson-Mikity syndrome and perinatal pneumonia ...
Okada K - - 1993
We successfully performed a total resection of the pulmonary artery trunk and replaced it with an equine pericardial xenograft roll in a patient with a recurrent leiomyosarcoma. We believe, based on anatomic and embryologic principles, total rather than partial resection of the pulmonary artery trunk should be the treatment of ...
Del Vecchio P J - - 1992
Surface proteins were compared in endothelial cells (EC) obtained from bovine peripheral lung, pulmonary artery and vein, and dorsal aorta using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Galactose-containing glycoproteins [molecular weight (M(r)) 160-220 and 40 kDa] binding to the Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA) and peanut agglutinin (PNA) were selectively ...
Cohen M - - 1991
Two fatal childhood cases of the rare pulmonary blastoma are reported. One was associated with a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation. Both neoplasms extended to involve visceral pleura and were entirely composed of blastemal and mesenchymal elements without recognizable neoplastic epithelial components. The mesenchymal component in both instances consisted of malignant ...
O'Neil K M - - 1991
Pulmonary involvement in leptospiral infection is common, usually mild, and often overlooked. When pulmonary manifestations are prominent in a patient with leptospirosis, there is the potential for diagnostic confusion. We present the case of a patient with adult respiratory distress syndrome secondary to leptospirosis and review the pulmonary manifestations of ...
Landreneau R J - - 1991
The neodymium:yttrium-aluminum garnet laser is a new approach to limited pulmonary resection. It avoids distortion of surrounding pulmonary tissue and potential pleural space problems, which can occur with mechanical stapler resections. We have recently used this laser to manage 39 pulmonary lesions in 20 patients. There were no major postoperative ...
Strong E B - - 1991
Schertel et al. (J. Appl. Physiol. 61: 1237-1240, 1984) reported that pulmonary C fibers initiate the prompt apnea followed by rapid shallow breathing evoked by pulmonary arterial injections of capsaicin. However, doubt has remained as to whether these changes in breathing pattern are induced exclusively by direct stimulation of pulmonary ...
Bach J R - - 1990
This self-directed learning module highlights advances in pulmonary rehabilitation. It is a section of the chapter on cardiovascular, pulmonary, and cancer rehabilitation for the Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program Study Guide for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This section reviews the anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, and clinical and ...
Oh K S - - 1988
Abnormal size and/or number of the pulmonary and bronchial vessels and lymphatics may mimic pulmonary parenchymal lesions (pseudofibrosis). Abnormalities of the central pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, thoracic aorta, and brachiocephalic branches may mimic intrathoracic mass lesions (pseudomass lesions). Radiologists should interpret these radiographic findings in the light of other accompanying ...
Chintapalli K - - 1988
The classic radiographic appearance of pulmonary aspergilloma is a solid, round, often mobile intracavitary mass. We describe an unusual "cavity-in-cavity" appearance seen on conventional roentgenograms and computed tomography studies in two patients with confirmed pulmonary aspergilloma. We are not aware of any previous report describing such appearance based on literature ...
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