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Walker W C - - 2001
This self-directed learning module highlights assessment and therapeutic options in the rehabilitation of patients with pulmonary diseases and in the pulmonary management of neurologic disorders. It is part of the chapter on cardiovascular, pulmonary, and cancer rehabilitation in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine ...
Pruszczyk P - - 2001
It is suggested that transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), by detecting thromboemboli in the proximal parts of the pulmonary arteries, is useful in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. However, the data on visualization of the pulmonary arteries are limited. The extent of the pulmonary arteries that can be precisely visualized during biplane ...
Laudy J A - - 2000
This review describes the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypoplasia and highlights its clinical, radiological and pathologic features, with emphasis on oligohydramnios-related pulmonary hypoplasia. Since pulmonary hypoplasia may lead to severe respiratory distress immediately after birth and even to neonatal death, an accurate and patient-friendly prenatal test for early detection and distinction ...
Duchini A - - 2000
We describe the case of a 36-year-old woman with previous hepatopulmonary syndrome in which a focal pulmonary lesion developed after liver transplantation. Thoracoscopic resection showed a pulmonary infarction of the superior segment of the right lower lobe. The patient recovered and had no further thrombotic events after 2 years of ...
Perry L - - 2000
AIMS: Giant lamellar bodies (GLBs) are rare pulmonary inclusions, most frequently described in sclerosing haemangiomas. Following a recent report of their presence in a case of pulmonary lymphoma of MALT origin, our aims were to determine their frequency in pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorders, examine their structure and investigate their aetiology further. ...
Bendayan D - - 2000
Pulmonary calcification is a common asymptomatic finding, usually discovered on routine chest X-ray or at autopsy. Pulmonary calcifications are caused mainly by two mechanisms: the dystrophic form and the metastatic form (1). Despite the different aetiologies, the pulmonary function and clinical manifestations are quite similar in both forms. We present ...
Gao J - - 2000
An analysis of pulsatile microcirculation in cat lung, with special attention to the pulmonary microvascular impedance, is presented. A theoretical calculation is made on the basis of a complete set of experimental data on the morphology and elasticity of cat's pulmonary capillary sheets. The transfer matrix of the pulmonary microvascular ...
Guntheroth W - - 1999
The Coanda effect (the tendency of a jet stream to adhere to a boundary wall), and the relevant anatomy, may explain the location of ductal jets within the main pulmonary artery. With the usual insertion of the duct close to the left pulmonary artery, during right ventricular ejection, the ductal ...
de Perrot M - - 1999
A benign primary pulmonary meningioma, an extremely rare tumour, was incidentally detected in a 57-year-old woman in association with a contralateral pulmonary adenocarcinoma. The meningioma was initially suspected to be a metastasis. Both tumours were excised, with excellent outcome. Anatomic features of primary pulmonary meningioma and differential diagnosis are discussed.
Lippert J L - - 1998
Pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is a rare disorder that is characterized pathologically by formation of capillaries along alveolar walls that may ultimately invade the pulmonary parenchyma and pulmonary arteries. The clinic presentation overlaps that of primary pulmonary hypertension, but the natural history of pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis is one of rapid deterioration. ...
Hochhaus G - - 1997
Glucocorticoids are predominantly prescribed in asthma therapy as aerosols to achieve high pulmonary effects with reduced systemic spill-over and pronounced pulmonary selectivity. A variety of pharmacokinetic parameters are potentially important for determining pulmonary selectivity. The intent of this article, is to provide a practice-relevant theoretical approach to put the importance ...
Hayasaki M - - 1996
An assessment was made of the capacity for re-migration of the 5th-stage juvenile canine heartworm, Dirofilaria immitis. Live, 5th-stage juvenile worms recovered from the pulmonary arteries of infected dogs were transplanted into the subcutaneous tissue of uninfected dogs, cats, and rabbits. A mean of 45%, 61%, and 18% of the ...
Kiss Zoltán - - 1996
We present a case report of isolated right pulmonary artery agenesis detected by multiplane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). A special emphasis is placed on its important role in the differential diagnosis and hemodynamic and functional evaluation of patients with unilateral pulmonary oligemia on chest radiograph. We also present a case report ...
Henry G - - 1996
A 12-year-old male presented with an acutely ischaemic leg following a laparotomy for a pelvic abscess secondary to acute appendicitis. A femoral angiogram revealed an embolus at the popliteal artery. Urgent embolectomy was performed with restoration of normal arterial flow. Subsequent investigation revealed a patent foramen ovale. We believe this ...
Cantwell J D - - 1996
A 29-year-old man was referred to a cardiologist after an irregular heartbeat was found on a preemployment physical examination. He had no cardiac or pulmonary symptoms.
Shannon H M - - 1995
Three cases of pulmonary actinomycosis are described. In all three cases, an initial diagnosis of pulmonary malignant neoplasia was made. The correct diagnosis was made histologically after the three patients underwent either lobectomy or pneumonectomy. All patients recovered after appropriate therapy. Pulmonary actinomycosis should always be considered in the differential ...
Kitagawa T - - 1995
In expectation of the growth of a new pulmonary arterial trunk in total correction of tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia, we used pedicled autologous pericardium combined with left atrial appendage as the posterior wall of a new pulmonary arterial trunk. In cases of long discontinuity between the right ventricular ...
Mason C M - - 1995
The development of pneumonia typically results from an overwhelming bacterial inoculum or a breakdown in the integrity of the host's pulmonary defense mechanisms. Augmentation of pulmonary defenses is one means of reducing the incidence, morbidity, and mortality from pneumonia. Strategies to enhance pulmonary or systemic defenses are actively being investigated. ...
Stice K A - - 1995
Pulmonary rehabilitation strives to relieve symptoms, improve functional status, and enhance quality of life for patients with pulmonary disease. This article describes the condition called postpolio syndrome and its associated pulmonary complications. Forty-two percent of the respondents to a national survey on the late effects of polio were experiencing new ...
Topol M - - 1995
The shape of the pulmonary alveoli in pulmonary acini was investigated in corrosion casts and in translucent slices. Five types of the pulmonary alveoli in corrosion casts were distinguished. Most of them were spherical or saucer-shaped. In slices, made translucent in methyl salicylate, the pulmonary alveoli filled with the air ...
Ayabe, Hiroyoshi
Postoperative pulmonary function is essential for ensuring the quality of life for aged lung cancer patients who underwent pulmonary resection. The operative procedures of bronchoplasty and pulmonary angioplasty are reliable for maintaining pulmonary function. The values of this procedures were evaluated on the basis of clinical experience. Pulmonary angioplasty which ...
Dehner L P - - 1994
Pulmonary blastoma was defined by Spencer and others as a neoplasm with histopathological features thought to be reminiscent of Wilms' tumor. Unlike the other embryonal-fetal neoplasms that typically occur in early childhood, the majority of pulmonary blastomas have been reported in adults. One explanation offered by Spencer for the delayed ...
Bach J R - - 1993
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or those with paralytic restrictive pulmonary syndromes caused by progressive neuromuscular disease, kyphoscoliosis or traumatic quadriplegia may require frequent hospitalization because of respiratory impairment and have increased morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary rehabilitation has been shown to decrease the frequency of hospitalization, ameliorate symptoms, ...
Nakamura Y - - 1993
Pulmonary disorders in infants are intimately related to the pulmonary development during the antenatal, neonatal and infantile period. In this review, normal pulmonary development is considered and several pulmonary disorders such as pulmonary hypoplasia, pulmonary sequestration, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, hyaline membrane disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, Wilson-Mikity syndrome and perinatal pneumonia ...
Okada K - - 1993
We successfully performed a total resection of the pulmonary artery trunk and replaced it with an equine pericardial xenograft roll in a patient with a recurrent leiomyosarcoma. We believe, based on anatomic and embryologic principles, total rather than partial resection of the pulmonary artery trunk should be the treatment of ...
Del Vecchio P J - - 1992
Surface proteins were compared in endothelial cells (EC) obtained from bovine peripheral lung, pulmonary artery and vein, and dorsal aorta using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Galactose-containing glycoproteins [molecular weight (M(r)) 160-220 and 40 kDa] binding to the Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA) and peanut agglutinin (PNA) were selectively ...
Cohen M - - 1991
Two fatal childhood cases of the rare pulmonary blastoma are reported. One was associated with a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation. Both neoplasms extended to involve visceral pleura and were entirely composed of blastemal and mesenchymal elements without recognizable neoplastic epithelial components. The mesenchymal component in both instances consisted of malignant ...
O'Neil K M - - 1991
Pulmonary involvement in leptospiral infection is common, usually mild, and often overlooked. When pulmonary manifestations are prominent in a patient with leptospirosis, there is the potential for diagnostic confusion. We present the case of a patient with adult respiratory distress syndrome secondary to leptospirosis and review the pulmonary manifestations of ...
Landreneau R J - - 1991
The neodymium:yttrium-aluminum garnet laser is a new approach to limited pulmonary resection. It avoids distortion of surrounding pulmonary tissue and potential pleural space problems, which can occur with mechanical stapler resections. We have recently used this laser to manage 39 pulmonary lesions in 20 patients. There were no major postoperative ...
Strong E B - - 1991
Schertel et al. (J. Appl. Physiol. 61: 1237-1240, 1984) reported that pulmonary C fibers initiate the prompt apnea followed by rapid shallow breathing evoked by pulmonary arterial injections of capsaicin. However, doubt has remained as to whether these changes in breathing pattern are induced exclusively by direct stimulation of pulmonary ...
Bach J R - - 1990
This self-directed learning module highlights advances in pulmonary rehabilitation. It is a section of the chapter on cardiovascular, pulmonary, and cancer rehabilitation for the Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program Study Guide for practitioners and trainees in physical medicine and rehabilitation. This section reviews the anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, and clinical and ...
Oh K S - - 1988
Abnormal size and/or number of the pulmonary and bronchial vessels and lymphatics may mimic pulmonary parenchymal lesions (pseudofibrosis). Abnormalities of the central pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, thoracic aorta, and brachiocephalic branches may mimic intrathoracic mass lesions (pseudomass lesions). Radiologists should interpret these radiographic findings in the light of other accompanying ...
Chintapalli K - - 1988
The classic radiographic appearance of pulmonary aspergilloma is a solid, round, often mobile intracavitary mass. We describe an unusual "cavity-in-cavity" appearance seen on conventional roentgenograms and computed tomography studies in two patients with confirmed pulmonary aspergilloma. We are not aware of any previous report describing such appearance based on literature ...
Panicek D M - - 1987
The classic features of six common pulmonary developmental anomalies have been presented. In addition, several overlap cases, each demonstrating features of more than one anomaly, have been illustrated. Such cases serve to emphasize that pulmonary developmental anomalies exist as a continuum, often frustrating our attempts at discrete classification. Future advances ...
Lecklitner M L - - 1985
Diffuse pulmonary uptake by bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals has been reported previously but, in the same patient, would pulmonary uptake of Ga-67 citrate yield clinically meaningful results? A patient with hypercalcemia and renal failure in whom bone scintigraphy demonstrated striking diffuse bilateral pulmonary uptake, but subsequent gallium imaging demonstrated no evidence of ...
Varma D G - - 1984
A case of a subpleural pulmonary hamartoma demonstrated by computed tomography is presented. The literature on subpleural pulmonary lesions demonstrated by computed tomography is reviewed. Although peripheral pulmonary hamartomas have been well documented, we believe this is the first demonstration of a subpleural location by computed tomography scanning. In the ...
Daughton D M - - 1984
A retrospective study analyzed medical and psychosocial factors associated with the three-year survival rates of clinically stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients enrolled in a pulmonary rehabilitation program. The 69 percent three-year survival rate was similar to rates reported in previous studies. Neither continued cigarette smoking nor psychological variables were ...
Herrera G A - - 1984
We have attempted to summarize current concepts pertaining to the ultrastructural evaluation of epithelial pulmonary neoplasms, with an emphasis in potential clinicopathological correlations. Routine ultrastructural evaluation of the most commonly encountered pulmonary carcinomas seems to provide, in a significant number of cases, additional information that may be of help in ...
Buoro I B - - 1983
Latex casts were made of the pulmonary arteries in 10 normal dogs. These casts were used to measure the angles of deviation of the right and left pulmonary arteries from the pulmonary trunk. The measurements were made in three projections. In both craniocaudal and dorsoventral projections the right pulmonary artery ...
Chan J S - - 1983
Levels of immunoreactive (IR) human NH2 terminal (HNT) of pro-opiomelanocortin were determined serially in 80 patients with various pulmonary carcinomas, 20 patients with various pulmonary diseases without proven carcinoma, and 32 normal control subjects. Sixty +/- 14% (S.E.) (95% confidence interval) of the patients with proven pulmonary carcinoma had elevated ...
Stevenson R G - - 1982
Sheep pulmonary adenomatosis has recently been reported in Canada. The literature is briefly reviewed and an account of the present status of the disease in Canada is described.Sheep pulmonary adenomatosis was first diagnosed in Canada in December 1979 in a first generation descendent of sheep imported from Great Britain. In ...
Miller J I - - 1981
Pulmonary function criteria for pulmonary resection, other than pneumonectomy, have not been previously described. A series of 500 consecutive pulmonary resections to which specific pulmonary function criteria were applied in determining the amount and the extent of feasible resection of the lung are presented. By application of these criteria, an ...
McAlister D S - - 1981
Transcatheter electrocoagulation (TCEC) has been shown to produce permanent arterial occlusion. This study was performed to evaluate the potential of using TCEC of the pulmonary artery as an experimental model of pulmonary thromboembolism. Fourteen lobar or first-order pulmonary arteries were occluded in ten dogs in the acute studies. Eight pulmonary ...
Minty B D - - 1981
A new, non-invasive method of measuring pulmonary epithelial damage in man was compared with traditional tests of small-airway function. Pulmonary epithelial permeability was expressed as the half-time clearance from the lung into blood of (99m)Tc-diethylene triaminepenta-acetic acid ((99m)Tc-DTPA) deposited predominantly in the alveoli from an inhaled aerosol.Recovery from abnormal pulmonary ...
Dalal P R - - 1980
Leukemoid reaction with pulmonary carcinoma has been a rare observation. Three cases are presented in detail with possible mechanisms contributing to the production of a leukemoid blood picture.
Clark R A - - 1980
Two cases of pulmonary lymphatic opacification during lymphangiography in the presence of a normal thoracic duct are reported. The most likely route of filling of the pulmonary lymphatics in the lower lobes is by reversed flow from the thoracic duct through the inferior pulmonary ligament lymphatics. Retrograde flow from the ...
Jacobsen M - - 1980
Eleven cases of pulmonary blastoma are presented, the largest series reported from one department to date. The frequency of pulmonary blastoma was found to be 0.5 per cent of all primary lung cancers. The variegated histologic appearance of the tumour and the diverging metastatic pattern are described in detail. In ...
Adams F G - - 1979
The rationale for a simplified approach to the reporting of intensive therapy unit chest radiographs is presented. Pulmonary shadowing should be reported simply as pulmonary shadowing; histological predictions are unreliable and potentially misleading. One should concentrate on the detection of pneumothorax and the differentiation between pulmonary shadowing, pleural effusion and ...
Todorov T - - 1979
The part played by certain factors in determining the antibody response in pulmonary echinococcosis has been studied. Five immunodiagnostic procedures were used-complement fixation, latex agglutination, bentonite flocculation, passive haemagglutination, and intradermal tests-and parasitological and pathological examinations were carried out. The number of hydatid cysts had only a small influence on ...
Kotas R V - - 1979
The pregnant baboon feto-placental unit responded to intra-amniotic dexamethasone by a rise in the lecithin-sphingomyelin ratio (L/S ratio) and accelerated pulmonary maturity with evidence of increased amounts of pulmonary surfactant. Metyrapone 11 beta-hydroxylase inhibition of corticoid synthesis prevented the expected rise in the L/S ratio without influencing the normal development ...
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