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Sattiraju Srinivasan - - 2012
The substrate of paradoxic embolization is a patent foramen ovale allowing right-to-left passage of embolic material. A thrombus in transit entrapped by a patent foramen straddling an atrial septal aneurysm is an exceedingly transient condition rarely documented on imaging studies. We present the case of a 67-year-old man with acute ...
Alqahtani Saad - - 2012
Retrograde or combined retrograde and antegrade recanalization should be considered when antegrade recanalization has failed in selected patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Retrograde recanalization is typically attempted through a patent segment of the popliteal artery or an infrapopliteal artery. The challenge arises, however, when there are no patent popliteal ...
Hajsadeghi Shokoufeh - - 2012
The patent foramen ovale (PFO) usually is a very small potential opening in the atrial septum. Under the conditions of normal hemodynamics with higher left atrial than right atrial pressures, the septum primum is forced against the foramen by the higher left atrial pressure and there is no actual persistent ...
Kim Hyun Beom - - 2012
We investigated tissue responses to endoskeleton stent grafts for saccular abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in canines. Saccular AAAs were made with Dacron patch in 8 dogs, and were excluded by endoskeleton stent grafts composed of nitinol stent and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene graft. Animals were sacrificed at 2 months (Group 1; n ...
Devendran Vimalarani - - 2012
It is well known that the vertical vein (VV) may have to be left open after repair of a total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in children with preoperative obstruction, whose left heart chambers are small (Cope et al. in Ann Thorac Surg 64:23-29, 3). An unligated VV has been ...
Harris L L - - 2012
This report discusses a premature complex newborn with persistent pulmonary difficulties following the clipping of the PDA. Bronchoscopy was critical in revealing a metallic clip obstructing the bronchus. Thoracothomy revealed that the clip had been placed across the bronchus. This case illustrates the importance of bronchoscopy in the face of ...
Maleux Geert - - 2012
BackgroundSuboptimal stent-graft placement at the lower anastomosis during transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) may result in early shunt stenosis and occlusion owing to incomplete covering of the parenchymal tract by the covered part of the stent-graft.PurposeTo determine the optimal portal venous projection view for stent-graft placement during TIPS and the ...
Lappas D - - 2012
The purpose of this project is to study and analyse the anatomical variations of the infrapopliteal vessels concerning their branching pattern. A reliable sample of one hundred formalin-fixed adult cadavers was dissected by the Anatomical Laboratory of Athens University. The variations can be classified in the following way: the normal ...
Warrier Dhanya - - 2012
Persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA), also known as congenital double-lumen aortic arch, is a rare developmental anomaly of the aortic arch. A 5-month-old baby who presented with congestive cardiac failure was diagnosed to have a large patent ductus arteriosus with PFAA. Although this arch anomaly had no hemodynamic relevance in ...
Lee Hwa Yeon - - 2013
We present a case of paradoxical air embolism (PAE) in the distal right coronary artery identified by coronary CT angiography. The underlying cause of PAE in the distal right coronary artery was a patent foramen ovale because the typical CT findings of a patent foramen ovale (i.e., combination of findings ...
Aung S M - - 2012
Longitudinal compression (accordion effect) of modern thinner-strut stents has been recently recognised. We report a typical case of longitudinal stent compression caused by a post-dilatation balloon.
Mizuno S - - 2012
It is difficult to reconstruct the portal vein (PV) using a long interpositional venous graft in living donor liver transplant (LDLT) patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT), which involves the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and splenic vein (SV). We successfully performed LDLT for three patients with PVT ...
Ullah Maad - - 2012
We report a 5-year-old boy weighing 11 kg, with severe mitral valve stenosis of rheumatic aetiology, who underwent successful percutaneous transluminal mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) with valvuloplasty balloon. Postprocedural mean pressure gradient across the mitral valve decreased to 6 mmHg from an initially recorded value of 22 mmHg. In addition to symptomatic improvement, the ...
Khositseth Anant - - 2012
We present the cases of three children with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and desaturation. One of them had desaturation associated with atrial septal defect (ASD). His ASD, PAH, and desaturation improved after successful device closure of the PDA. The other two had desaturation associated with Down ...
Saberi Hooshang - - 2011
Conventional angiography, generally referred to as intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography, still remains the gold standard reference method for the diagnosis of intracranial aneurysms, helical computed tomography angiography (CTA) is a new non-invasive volumetric imaging method. This study was conducted to screen patients presenting with subarachnoidhemorrhage by CTA before conventional digital ...
Grech V - - 2011
It is accepted practice to close large patent arterial ducts (PDA) with Amplatzer duct occluder devices, with extremely low rates of residual PDA. We report a child who required device closure of PDA with two Amplatzer PDA devices on two separate occasions, despite the first device deployment being a standard ...
Lohchab Shamsher Singh - - 2011
A 3-year-old male child was diagnosed with patent ductus arteriosus. The evaluation of this patient by computed tomography (CT) angiography revealed a big tortuous patent ductus arteriosus and proximal left pulmonary artery stenosis. Successful elective surgical repair was undertaken.
Nagai Toshiyuki - - 2011
Sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) had been implanted in the left anterior descending artery of a 77-year-old male. Three years later, he was admitted for ST elevation myocardial infarction caused by stent thrombosis accompanied with incomplete stent apposition (ISA), and balloon angioplasty had to be performed on him. However, 6 months later, he ...
Engel Odilo - - 2011
Stroke is among the most frequent causes of death and adult disability, especially in highly developed countries. However, treatment options to date are very limited. To meet the need for novel therapeutic approaches, experimental stroke research frequently employs rodent models of focal cerebral ischaemia. Most researchers use permanent or transient ...
Kamat Niharika - - 2011
To develop an ex-vivo arterial perfusion model to evaluate vascular responses to bare metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES) in porcine carotid arteries. Porcine carotid arteries with BMS or DES were cultured under hemodynamic stimuli for 24 hours and 72 hours. Vascular responses of arteries with stents were assessed ...
Mücke T - - 2011
The aim of the study was to develop a reliable and reproducible arterial aneurysm model for microsurgical training and further research with dimensions comparable to those encountered in aneurysms in humans. The arterial aneurysm models were created microsurgically at the bifurcation of the abdominal aorta using a graft of the ...
Muthialu Nagarajan - - 2010
Idiopathic pulmonary artery aneurysms are rare and need a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. Surgery is the treatment of choice, especially when the aneurysms are large and when they are associated with pulmonary regurgitation. This report highlights a case in which successful surgical repair preserved the native pulmonary valve ...
Mazensky D - - 2010
Study design:The study was carried out in rabbit.Objective:To investigate the arterial blood supply of the spinal cord in rabbit as model in experimental spinal cord ischemia surgery.Setting:The study was carried out in the Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Kosice, Slovak Republic.Methods:The study ...
Hashi Craig K - - 2010
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the NanoVasc Vascular Graft in comparison with a marketed expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) graft, both in vitro and in vivo. The graft was evaluated for use as both a bypass and arteriovenous (AV) access graft. Early-stick capabilities and patency were the primary ...
Bassi Patrizia - - 2010
A newborn male Romagnola calf, who had died a few hours after birth, was submitted for postmortem examination. Necropsy revealed a 23 cm × 22 cm × 5 cm, pale pink, lobulated, elastic, partially fluctuant mass that protruded from the dorsal retroperitoneal space into the abdominal cavity, extending from the diaphragm to the ...
Oliveira Cintia - - 2010
A 5-year-old female spayed Labrador Retriever dog was referred to the Louisiana State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital for treatment of pneumothorax. Thoracic radiographs and computed tomography showed spontaneous pneumothorax, thoracic lymphadenopathy, pulmonary hypertension, and multifocal pulmonary bulla lesions. At surgery, numerous adult nematodes protruded from the parenchyma of the left ...
Shankarappa Ravindranath Khandenahally - - 2011
Arteriovenous malformations arising from iliac arteries are rare anomalies. Percutaneous embolization of such malformations is an established therapeutic option. In this paper, we will describe a case, wherein the internal iliac artery feeding a giant arteriovenous fistula was closed using a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) duct occluder percutaneously. The PDA ...
Mimae Takahiro - - 2010
The applicability of absorbable materials as ligatures of pulmonary vessels has not been described. The present study compares tissue reactions around sites of pulmonary arteries ligated with absorbable material (Vicryl) and with nonabsorbable material (silk). Beagle dogs underwent thoracotomy and the pulmonary artery branches were ligated with silk or Vicryl ...
Nici Linda - - 2010
Pulmonary rehabilitation is a nonpharmacologic therapy that has emerged as a standard of care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary, patient-centered intervention that includes patient assessment, exercise training, self-management education, and psychosocial support. In the United States, pulmonary rehabilitation is usually given in outpatient, ...
LaBelle Michael F - - 2010
Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital vascular anomaly that typically presents in the first month of life with severe respiratory symptoms. In this condition, the left pulmonary artery originates off the right pulmonary artery and courses between the trachea and esophagus, causing compression of both structures. Of those patients ...
Nakajima Jun - - 2010
The indication for pulmonary metastasectomy has been postulated based on nonrandomized clinical experiences. The postoperative survival rate of selected patients with pulmonary metastasis is acceptable; nevertheless, pulmonary metastasectomy might cure patients if the neoplastic cells are located only in the lung parenchyma. Computed tomography has been the most reliable preoperative ...
Yu J - - 2010
The aim of this study was to develop an improved binary logistic regression model for predicting the risk of intracranial aneurysm rupture. A cohort of patients (n=37) with aneurysms underwent three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography examination to measure several morphological parameters of the aneurysm. The aspect ratio (height/neck size) and the ...
Navarro Paula - - 2011
Tularemia is a rare zoonotic disease caused by Francisella tularensis, a Gram-negative bacteria. The clinical manifestations of pulmonary tularemia resemble those of other airways infections. Recently, a case of pulmonary tularemia was diagnosed at Tufts Medical Center. The purpose of the current report is to document the utility of applying ...
Erdo─čan Ilkay - - 2010
This study aimed to compare the results of angiocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in the assessment of pulmonary regurgitation following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. We prospectively studied 37 patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. After routine examination cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and cardiac catheterization and angiography were ...
Nakatsu Taro - - 2010
A 65-year-old woman with a 9-year surgical history of a left breast phyllodes tumor was admitted with progressive chest pain on effort. Computed tomography showed severe stenosis of the main pulmonary artery, with the mass originating from the ventricular septum. We planned to resect the tumor the next day. However, ...
Warheit David B - - 2010
This brief discussion provides an overview of current concepts and perceptions regarding the pulmonary toxicity of ultrafine or nanoparticles. These aspects include, but are not limited to comparisons of fine particle vs. ultrafine particle effects and the unique response of pulmonary effects in rats vs. other rodent species, particularly at ...
Hiramatsu Takeshi - - 2010
A 2-year-old girl with isolated unilateral absence of right pulmonary artery is described. Catheterization at 5 months demonstrated hypoplastic right pulmonary artery by pulmonary venous wedge angiography, and the patient underwent right Blalock-Taussig shunt and angioplasty of right pulmonary artery with autologous pericardial roll as an initial step. At 2 ...
Goyal Jatinder - - 2011
A 50-year-old man, with a history of right lower lobectomy for pulmonary adenocystic carcinoma, presented with chronic flank pain due to a large mass in the right kidney. He also had bilateral pulmonary nodules and cardiac masses, indicating metastatic disease. Simultaneous metastatic involvement of the kidney and the heart from ...
Zhong Yu-Min M - - 2010
The left pulmonary artery sling (LPAS) is a rare vascular anomaly where the left pulmonary artery arises from the right pulmonary artery, passes over the right bronchus, and goes posteriorly between the trachea and esophagus. The LPAS is frequently associated with cardiac and non-cardiac defects including tracheobronchial abnormalities. To evaluate ...
Pandya Rajul - - 2010
We present a very unusual case of giant infantile pulmonary hemangioma presenting as a large solitary pulmonary mass. This was successfully managed with surgical resection. Histological examination revealed that the mass was positive for GLUT-1 receptor, a marker for infantile hemangioma. To our knowledge only a few cases of pulmonary ...
Inoue Miki - - 2010
We describe systemic-to-pulmonary collateral arteries that developed after bilateral pulmonary artery banding in a patient with hypoplastic left cardiac syndrome. The growth of collateral arteries should be evaluated carefully because bilateral pulmonary artery banding under prostaglandin E1 administration is considered an initial palliative option.
Newman Beverley - - 2010
Distinctive imaging findings are present when the left pulmonary artery (LPA) arises from the right pulmonary artery and forms a sling around the airway passing between airway and esophagus to reach the left lung. It is important to recognize the 2 distinct types of pulmonary sling. The less complex type ...
Seiler Gabriela S - - 2010
Evolution of pulmonary arterial and parenchymal changes as assessed with computed tomography (CT) is described in a dog experimentally infected with Dirofilaria immitis. The dog was imaged 125, 168, 216, and 402 days after infection. Initial changes during the prepatent phase of infection included enlargement of the peripheral caudal lobar ...
Yorgun Hikmet - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence of pulmonary abnormalities and document early follow-up results in subjects undergoing multislice computed tomography coronary angiography for the assessment of coronary artery disease. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, 1206 patients including 701 men (58.1%) with a mean age of 58.75 ...
Yamashita Suguru - - 2010
We recommend thoracoscopic enucleation with the aid of a video-assisted thoracic surgery marker to treat pulmonary hamartoma, even when it stays in the center of pulmonary lobe. We report how we were able to enucleate a pulmonary hamartoma safely and manage the patient during hospitalization.
Bourbeau J - - 2010
A truly successful pulmonary rehabilitation entails implementing physical activity maintenance. This article reviews the current knowledge on pulmonary rehabilitation and the expected benefits, the setting, the relationship between self-management and pulmonary rehabilitation, in order to develop and implement clinically-effective physical activity maintenance interventions. The effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation is well-established. ...
Lee Paul - - 2010
Hyponatremia is among the most common biochemical abnormalities in hospital inpatients. The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is one of several causes of hyponatremia, particularly in patients with pulmonary diseases. The mechanism of SIADH associated with pulmonary infection is, however, poorly understood. We report an unusual case of ...
van Teeffelen Augustinus S P - - 2010
Prediction of pulmonary hypoplasia after midtrimester preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) is important for optimal management. We performed a systematic review to assess the capacity of clinical parameters to predict pulmonary hypoplasia. A systematic literature search in EMBASE and MEDLINE was performed to identify articles published on pulmonary hypoplasia ...
Chen S - - 2010
Primary pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare, usually lethal, condition presenting only after birth without other congenital abnormalities. We describe the first case of fraternal twins diagnosed prenatally with primary pulmonary hypoplasia. Both had diffuse hypoplasia of the pulmonary arteries initially identified by fetal echocardiography and confirmed at autopsy following termination. ...
El Ghannam Hesham - - 2010
Pulmonary actinomycosis presented as a mass-like consolidation. The diagnosis was not established until clinical suspicion prompted special staining of the pathology material. Response to antibiotics was facilitated by a removal of the airway plug through bronchoscopy. Airway obstruction may contribute to the prolonged medical treatment of pulmonary actinomycosis.
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