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Stern Seth J SJ The Hospital for Sick Children, Labatt Family Heart Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Background: Foetuses with simple tetralogy of Fallot almost universally have a patent ductus arteriosus. Two recently identified cases had an absent patent ductus arteriosus, requiring emergent intervention at birth. The objective of this study was to determine whether foetuses diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot and no patent ductus arteriosus have ...
Lewis Mark - - 2014
The primary purpose of this study is to examine whether use of source data is effective in increasing the number of arterial segments that can be interpreted from maximum intensity projections of lower limb MR angiograms. Correlation between sites of arterial disease and venous contamination was also measured. Interpretation of ...
Omar Hesham R HR Internal Medicine Department, Mercy Medical Center, Clinton, IA 52732, - - 2014
We describe a case of a giant left anterior descending coronary artery pseudoaneurysm presenting with acute coronary syndrome and projecting as a paracardiac mass on chest X-ray.
Kim Seon Hee SH Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Pusan National University School of Medicine, - - 2014
A 50-year-old female was admitted to Pusan National University Hospital with complaints of fatigue and sweating. Echocardiography showed a small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and highly mobile vegetations on the aortic valve. Emergency operation was performed due to the high risk of embolization and severe aortic regurgitation. When the pulmonary ...
Sirsikar S S - - 2014
Pulmonary opacities have many causes we are presenting a case of pulmonary opacity in a patient of breathlessness; who was on amiodarone for atrial fibrillation (AF).
Marinakis Sotirios S *Cardiovascular Surgery, CHUV, Lausanne, - - 2014
In extreme situations, like hyperacute rejection of heart transplant or major heart trauma, heart preservation may not be possible. Our experimental team works on a project of peripheral ECMO support in acardia as a bridge to heart transplantation or artificial heart implantation. An extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support was established ...
Tang Liang L Department of Cardiology, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410011, People's Republic of - - 2014
Percutaneous closure of patent arterial ducts with the Amplatzer Ductal Occluder has become an effective and widely accepted alternative to surgical management. Although rarely, the occluder can be dislodged after an initially successful deployment, and with catastrophic consequences. We describe such a case in a 12-month-old girl who underwent transcatheter ...
Ozdemir Mevci M From the *Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Pamukkale University, Denizli; and Departments of †Anatomy, and ‡Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey; and §Pediatric Neurosurgery, Children's Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Head positioning and the degree of rotation for anterior communicating artery aneurysm surgery is controversial. With this anatomic study, we aimed to give a broad description of head positioning for various aneurysm dome projections. In addition, with the use of a corrosion-cast technique, a three-dimensional arterial tree was demonstrated, an ...
Zhang Hongming H Department of Cardiology, The General Hospital of Jinan Military Region Jinan, 250031, - - 2014
We report a case of sudden death in Takayasu arteritis after coronary artery bypass. A 22-year-old girl visited our hospital in June 2009 because of paroxysmal chest tightness and shortness of breath for 2 years. She was diagnosed as Takayasu arteritis, the limited stenosis of upper aorta ventralis, low perfusion ...
Azzalini Lorenzo L Cardiac Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, GRB-295, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Interventional Cardiology, Heart Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Departament de Medicina, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The C-arm used for fluoroscopy during transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) may also be used to acquire 3-dimensional data sets similar to multidetector row CT (MDCT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of C-arm CT (CACT) for aortic annulus and root (AoA/R) measurements in TAVR planning ...
Subramanian Venkateshwaran V Department of Cardiology, Sreechitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, - - 2014
A nineteen-month-old girl was taken up for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) device closure. A diagnostic catheter from the right femoral venous access entered the superior vena cava (SVC), through the azygos vein suggesting interruption of inferior vena caval with azygos continuity. Therefore, the PDA device was closed from the right ...
Tefera Endale E Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Cardiology Unit, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University and Cardiac Center, Addis Ababa, - - 2014
Percutaneous closure of the patent arterial duct in patients with interrupted inferior caval vein poses a technical challenge. A 12-year-old girl with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and interrupted inferior caval vein is described in this report. The diagnosis of interrupted inferior caval vein and azygos continuation was made in ...
Kitagawa Atsushi A Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ako Central Hospital, Ako, Hyogo, - - 2014
We report the anatomical similarity of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) regarding morphology and visceral vessel relations with three-dimensional computed tomography in monozygotic twins, both of whom had the left accessory renal artery, patent inferior mesenteric artery and bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms without aortic wall calcification and mural thrombus in ...
Ishisone Takenori T Iwate Medical University School of Medicine, Morioka, - - 2014
A 17-year-old man underwent clinical evaluation of exercise-induced syncope. Routine exercise stress test did not show any myocardial ischaemic changes or arrhythmias on the ECG recording. However, multidetector CT (MDCT) angiography of the coronary arteries revealed an abnormal origin of the left coronary artery from the right coronary sinus. The ...
Walker Rachel J RJ Department of Vascular Surgery, Worcestershire Royal Hospital, Worcester WR5 1DD, UK - - 2014
We present a case of a 61-year-old male presenting with post-prandial epigastric pain and marked weight loss. Investigation revealed calcific atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta, coeliac axis, superior mesenteric (SMA) and renal arteries. He had undergone radiotherapy for testicular teratoma 34 years previously. Percutaneous mesenteric revascularization by primary stenting of ...
Deng Chun-Yu CY Medical Research Center of Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou, P.R. China; Guangdong Provincial Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, P.R. - - 2014
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a powerful constrictor of coronary arteries and is considered to be involved in the pathophysiological mechanisms of coronary-artery spasm. However, the mechanism of enhancement of coronary-artery constriction to 5-HT during the development of coronary artery disease remains to be elucidated. Organ culture of intact blood-vessel segments has ...
Nagamine Yuito Y Department of Neurology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, - - 2014
A 58-year-old woman developed agraphia and mild right hemiparesis approximately one month after undergoing coil embolization of an unruptured left internal carotid artery aneurysm. MRI performed on day 39 post-coil embolization showed multiple lesions in the white matter with signal hyperintensity on T2-weighted and FLAIR images in the left middle ...
Agarwal Gaurav G 0000-0002-0186-8245 Division on Nephrology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, MC 7882, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229, - - 2014
We report a case of hydralazine-induced ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis with pulmonary hemorrhage. A 62-year-old Hispanic man with hypertension, who was being treated with hydralazine 100 mg three times a day for four and half years, presented to the hospital with severe anemia. He had acute kidney injury and urinalysis showed proteinuria, dysmorphic ...
Nevzati Edin E 0000-0001-8943-0290 Department of Neurosurgery, Kantonsspital Aarau, Tellstraße, 5001 Aarau, - - 2014
Unilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) thrombosis is frequent. However, bilateral PICA thrombosis is rare. Herein we report about an intraoperative visualization of a bilateral thrombosis of the telovelomedullary segment of the PICA. A 74-year-old woman was admitted to our department on day two of a bilateral PICA thrombosis with ...
Pellegrini Marco - - 2014
A 17-month-old girl referred for a suspected ciliary body medulloepithelioma was found to have persistent fetal vasculature. Fluorescein angiography showed perfused hyaloid artery posterior tunica vasculosa lentis with brittle star appearance and nonperfused anterior pupillary membrane. Ultrasound biomicroscopy confirmed absence of iris or ciliary body solid tumor. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol ...
Wei Chuanyu C Division of Molecular Cardiology, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Texas A & M Health Science Center and Scott & White, Central Texas Veterans Health Care System, Temple, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a progressive vascular disease of pulmonary arteries that impedes ejection of blood by the right ventricle. As a result there is an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary arterial pressure causing right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) and RV failure. The pathology of PAH involves vascular cell ...
Li Qian Q Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, College of Pharmacy, Harbin Medical University, Nangang District, Harbin 150081, China. - - 2014
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the pathologic process of pulmonary arterial hypertension as either mediators or inducers. Rutin is a type of flavonoid which exhibits significant scavenging properties on oxygen radicals both in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we proposed that rutin attenuated hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery ...
Badagabettu Satheesha Nayak SN Melaka Manipal Medical College. Manipal, India. - - 2014
Knowledge of variations of the vessels closely related to the pancreas adds greatly to the success of pancreatic surgery. Splenic vein is one of the vessels that are closely related to the pancreas. Its variations might not only change the haemodynamics in the vein but also cause unexpected bleeding during ...
Morales-Cano Daniel D Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University Complutense of Madrid, Madrid, Spain; Ciber Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Madrid, - - 2014
Quercetin is a dietary flavonoid which exerts vasodilator, antiplatelet and antiproliferative effects and reduces blood pressure, oxidative status and end-organ damage in humans and animal models of systemic hypertension. We hypothesized that oral quercetin treatment might be protective in a rat model of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Three weeks after injection ...
Cui Kui - - 2014
Naja naja atra venom (NNAV) displays diverse pharmacological actions including analgesia, anti-inflammation and immune regulation.In this study, we investigated the effects of NNAV on pulmonary fibrosis and its mechanisms of action. To determine if Naja naja atra venom (NNAV) can produce beneficial effects on pulmonary fibrosis, two marine models of ...
Auboire Laurent L Department of Vascular Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen, Caen, - - 2013
Popliteal vein aneurysm (PVA) is a very uncommon cause of stroke. We present the case of a 63-year-old, right-handed man who presented to the emergency department with transitory ischemic accident (left superior extremity regressive monoplegia). Complete etiologic work-up led to the discovery of both a patent foramen ovale associated with ...
Ghent Finn F Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, - - 2013
First demonstrated on echocardiography in 1985, impending paradoxical embolism refers to a thrombus traversing an atrial septal defect, usually a patent foramen ovale (PFO) [1]. Estimates of the prevalence of PFO range from 15% to 35% but impending paradoxical embolism is rare, with fewer than 200 cases reported in the ...
Da Col Uberto U Department of Cardiac Surgery, S. Maria Della Misericordia Hospital, Perugia, - - 2013
The most widely used technique for chronic dissection of the aortic arch and thoracoabdominal aorta is the "elephant trunk" (ET). A technique, in which an original modification of the ET technique was necessary to avoid visceral malperfusion due to the obliteration of the patent false lumen from where splanchnic arteries ...
Verma Roshan Kumar RK Department of Otolarngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India; Department of Histopathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Splaying of carotid bifurcation on imaging, known as Lyre sign, is seen characteristically in carotid body tumors. Is positive Lyre sign always confirmatory of carotid body tumor? Here we discuss two cases of cervical sympathetic chain schwannoma. The first case presented radiologically as an enhancing lesion with splaying of external ...
Uehara Kyokun K Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2013
We describe a redo mitral valve replacement operation in a 71-year-old man with a tracheostoma and patent bypass grafts to the coronary arteries. Preoperative investigations revealed that the patent right internal thoracic artery graft ran directly under the sternum just anterior to the ascending aorta, and a saphenous vein graft ...
Darsaut Tim E - - 2013
Flow diverters (FDs) are increasingly used to treat difficult intracranial aneurysms. To test whether treatment challenges posed by giant curved sidewall (cSW) and endwall bifurcation (EwB) aneurysms can be overcome using very low porosity devices. Large and giant EwB (n=12) and cSW aneurysms (n =5) were constructed in 17 dogs. ...
Doshi Arpan R - - 2013
A patient who had transcatheter closure of a large patent ductus arteriosus in early infancy developed aortic coarctation during follow-up. Initially, balloon angioplasty and subsequent stent implantation successfully relieved the aortic obstruction. Avoidance of use of large devices in small babies and modification of current devices so that they do ...
Prota Costantina - - 2013
We present a case of a 67-year-old male with pulmonary embolism. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed the presence of a mobile thrombus straddling the patent foramen ovale (PFO) and prolapsing into both atria. Treatment with heparin was started. Five days after admission, repeat TEE revealed a reduction in thrombus dimensions, so ...
Makonkawkeyoon Krit - - 2013
Iatrogenic arteriovenous fistula is not a common complication of central venous catheterization. Duct occluder devices have been developed for Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) occlusions but they may be used for arteriovenous fistula closures. We report a case of iatrogenic brachiocephalic-jugular and aortopulmonary artery fistulas after central venous catheter insertion. The ...
Cheema Faisal H - - 2013
Valvular heart disease affects millions of Americans yearly and currently requires surgical intervention to repair or replace damaged or defective valves. Through a close-knit collaboration between physicians, scientists and biomedical engineers, a vast degree of research and development has been aimed towards the optimization of prosthetic heart valves. Although various ...
Chambers John - - 2013
The relationship between migrainous aura and patent foramen ovale (PFO) remains uncertain METHODS: We performed 'bubble' contrast transthoracic echocardiography on 80 migraineurs with 4-15 headache days per calendar month, mean age 45 (75% female) with mean 9.4 headache days. A large PFO was defined by passage of an uncountable bolus ...
Ishihara Takayuki - - 2013
A 74-year-old woman complained of claudication due to in-stent restenosis of bare-metal stents in the right superficial femoral artery, and two Zilver PTXs were deployed. However, hemarthrosis developed, and aspirin and clopidogrel were discontinued. Thirty-six days later, she suddenly felt rest pain in her right leg. Angiography revealed total occlusion ...
Nakata Tomohiro T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2013
A 5-day-old girl who had pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, intralobar pulmonary sequestration of the right lower lobe, and retroesophageal innominate vein, was referred to our institution. We successfully performed a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt. During cardiopulmonary bypass, the arteries supplying the sequestrated lung were ligated above the ...
Moreno Nuno - - 2013
Non-occlusion of the internal mammary artery side branches may cause ischemia due to flow diversion after coronary artery bypass grafting. The authors present the case of a 67-year-old man with recurrent angina after undergoing myocardial revascularization with a left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending bypass. He presented with ...
Pahkala Katja - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Vascular intima-media thickness (IMT) and elasticity are surrogate markers of atherosclerosis. Data on the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness on these measures of vascular health in adolescence are scarce. The aim was to examine the association of fitness with aortic and carotid artery IMT and elasticity in adolescents.METHODS:Aortic (n = 449) ...
Jonker I De Villiers - - 2013
Double aortic arch is a congenital anomaly that rarely presents in adults. We describe the case of a 69-year-old male who presented with a double aortic arch, right arch dominant, left arch patent, experiencing progressive dysphagia since childhood.
Rodrigues Mark Alexander MA Mark Alexander Rodrigues, Gillian Ritchie, John Tallach Murchison, Department of Radiology, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland EH16 4SA, United - - 2013
We report a case of an anomalous pulmonary vein on chest X-ray resembling a scimitar sign in an 80-year-old female undergoing investigation of syncope. Multislice computed tomography (CT) with multiplanar reformatting and maximum intensity projections demonstrated an aberrant right inferior pulmonary vein coursing inferomedially towards the diaphragm before turning superiorly ...
Papakostas John C - - 2013
In this report we present a case of a ruptured celiac artery aneurysm (CAA) with a thrombosed distal neck, which was treated as an emergently with a deployment of a tube thoracic endograft to the descending thoracic and upper abdominal aorta. The initial treatment was assisted with a second stage ...
Harraz A M - - 2013
To determine risk factors for and the effects of impaired perfusion (IP)-"reduced or non-perfusion"-of graft areas supplied by an accessory artery on allograft function. One hundred five consecutive grafts with multiple renal arteries were prospectively evaluated using Doppler ultrasound (US) to detect the perfusion of allograft segments supplied by the ...
Lenoir Vincent - - 2013
The azygos fissure is typically visible on chest radiography as a right paramediastinal supernumerary line in projection of the right lung apex. The azygos vein, located at the bottom of the fissure, is visible as a teardrop- shaped opacity. The empty azygos fissure is a rare finding. It is the ...
Byun Jun Soo - - 2013
The authors describe the use of a self-expandable stent in a temporary deployment for treatment of a very wide-neck A1 segment of anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysm following incomplete clipping. A 39-year-old hypertensive man presenting with seizure-like movement underwent computed tomography, which showed acute subarachnoid hemorrhage and an A1 segment ...
Clyman Ronald I RI Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
A persistent left-to-right shunt through a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) increases the rate of hydrostatic fluid filtration into the lung's interstitium, impairs pulmonary mechanics, and prolongs the need for mechanical ventilation. In preclinical trials, pharmacologic PDA closure leads to improved alveolarization and minimizes the impaired postnatal alveolar development that is ...
Shibano Tomoki T Department of General Thoracic Surgery and Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2013
Surgery for complex pulmonary aspergilloma is known to be technically challenging, often for indurated hilar structures and obliterated pleural space. We report a case of left pneumonectomy for pulmonary aspergilloma with a history of patent ductus arteriosus ligation via anterolateral thoracotomy and aortopexy via median sternotomy and pericardiotomy. Left pneumonectomy ...
Pagni Sebastian S Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA. - - 2013
Fistulization between the aorta and the right atrium is a rare complication of ascending aortic dissection. Because of the typical haemodynamic unstability, the diagnosis is often made by bedside or intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography. The treatment is surgical, but with very high mortality. We describe a case of type A aortic ...
Ellis Dana L - - 2013
Frequent causes of premature ductal closure include spontaneous idiopathic closure in utero and maternal use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs late in pregnancy. We describe a case of a preterm infant born to a mother treated with lithium throughout pregnancy who presented with right-sided cardiac enlargement at 18 weeks' gestation. Immediately ...
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