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Moreno Nuno - - 2013
Non-occlusion of the internal mammary artery side branches may cause ischemia due to flow diversion after coronary artery bypass grafting. The authors present the case of a 67-year-old man with recurrent angina after undergoing myocardial revascularization with a left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending bypass. He presented with ...
Pahkala Katja - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:Vascular intima-media thickness (IMT) and elasticity are surrogate markers of atherosclerosis. Data on the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness on these measures of vascular health in adolescence are scarce. The aim was to examine the association of fitness with aortic and carotid artery IMT and elasticity in adolescents.METHODS:Aortic (n = 449) ...
Jonker I De Villiers - - 2013
Double aortic arch is a congenital anomaly that rarely presents in adults. We describe the case of a 69-year-old male who presented with a double aortic arch, right arch dominant, left arch patent, experiencing progressive dysphagia since childhood.
Rodrigues Mark Alexander MA Mark Alexander Rodrigues, Gillian Ritchie, John Tallach Murchison, Department of Radiology, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland EH16 4SA, United - - 2013
We report a case of an anomalous pulmonary vein on chest X-ray resembling a scimitar sign in an 80-year-old female undergoing investigation of syncope. Multislice computed tomography (CT) with multiplanar reformatting and maximum intensity projections demonstrated an aberrant right inferior pulmonary vein coursing inferomedially towards the diaphragm before turning superiorly ...
Papakostas John C - - 2013
In this report we present a case of a ruptured celiac artery aneurysm (CAA) with a thrombosed distal neck, which was treated as an emergently with a deployment of a tube thoracic endograft to the descending thoracic and upper abdominal aorta. The initial treatment was assisted with a second stage ...
Harraz A M - - 2013
To determine risk factors for and the effects of impaired perfusion (IP)-"reduced or non-perfusion"-of graft areas supplied by an accessory artery on allograft function. One hundred five consecutive grafts with multiple renal arteries were prospectively evaluated using Doppler ultrasound (US) to detect the perfusion of allograft segments supplied by the ...
Lenoir Vincent - - 2013
The azygos fissure is typically visible on chest radiography as a right paramediastinal supernumerary line in projection of the right lung apex. The azygos vein, located at the bottom of the fissure, is visible as a teardrop- shaped opacity. The empty azygos fissure is a rare finding. It is the ...
Byun Jun Soo - - 2013
The authors describe the use of a self-expandable stent in a temporary deployment for treatment of a very wide-neck A1 segment of anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysm following incomplete clipping. A 39-year-old hypertensive man presenting with seizure-like movement underwent computed tomography, which showed acute subarachnoid hemorrhage and an A1 segment ...
Clyman Ronald I RI Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
A persistent left-to-right shunt through a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) increases the rate of hydrostatic fluid filtration into the lung's interstitium, impairs pulmonary mechanics, and prolongs the need for mechanical ventilation. In preclinical trials, pharmacologic PDA closure leads to improved alveolarization and minimizes the impaired postnatal alveolar development that is ...
Shibano Tomoki T Department of General Thoracic Surgery and Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke-shi, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2013
Surgery for complex pulmonary aspergilloma is known to be technically challenging, often for indurated hilar structures and obliterated pleural space. We report a case of left pneumonectomy for pulmonary aspergilloma with a history of patent ductus arteriosus ligation via anterolateral thoracotomy and aortopexy via median sternotomy and pericardiotomy. Left pneumonectomy ...
Pagni Sebastian S Division of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40202, USA. - - 2013
Fistulization between the aorta and the right atrium is a rare complication of ascending aortic dissection. Because of the typical haemodynamic unstability, the diagnosis is often made by bedside or intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography. The treatment is surgical, but with very high mortality. We describe a case of type A aortic ...
Ellis Dana L - - 2013
Frequent causes of premature ductal closure include spontaneous idiopathic closure in utero and maternal use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs late in pregnancy. We describe a case of a preterm infant born to a mother treated with lithium throughout pregnancy who presented with right-sided cardiac enlargement at 18 weeks' gestation. Immediately ...
Pilgrim Thomas - - 2013
A 34-year-old male patient was referred for primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock and was found to have embolic left coronary artery occlusion and subsegmental pulmonary artery emboli as a consequence of venous thrombosis to trauma to the thigh in the presence of a ...
Ota Takahiro - - 2013
Anterior clinoidectomy is an essential manoeuvre for clipping paraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms. However, the use of a drill or an ultrasonic bone curette in an anterior clinoidectomy involves a high risk for heat or mechanical injury of the superior projecting paraclinoid aneurysm. We report our technique for microscopic ...
Shimamura Junichi - - 2013
ABSTRACT: A 78-year-old man, who had previously undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery, was admitted to our department for treatment of a distal aortic arch aneurysm. A total aortic arch replacement with a patent left internal thoracic artery (LITA) graft was successfully performed without cardiac ischemic or neurological complications. Use ...
Hascoet Sebastien - - 2013
Percutaneous transcatheter closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) remains challenging when femoral venous approach is not available. We describe the successful closure of a PFO using the right internal jugular venous approach and a deflectable catheter delivery system in a patient with a PFO, recurrent stroke and an inferior ...
Gökdeniz Tayyar - - 2013
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a frequent condition. It usually does not pose any threat to life, but in certain circumstances, it can open and serve as a conduit for thrombi causing paradoxical embolism. Herein, we report a case of PFO in a patient with ischemic cerebrovascular accident, due to ...
Jiang Hai-Bin - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate a new type of occluder for patent ductus arteriosus. Patent ductus arteriosus was established in a canine model by anastomosing a length of autologous jugular vein to the descending aorta and the left pulmonary artery in an end-to-side fashion. Transcatheter closure of ...
Saito Masaya - - 2013
The patient was a 60-year-old man with encephalopathy without liver cirrhosis. CT angiography revealed a patent ductus venosus between the anterior segmental branch of the portal vein and the middle hepatic vein. Coils were framed in the patent ductus venosus and then used to fill in the frame. After treatment, ...
Duggal Bhanu - - 2013
We present a case of patent ductus arteriosus with severe pulmonary hypertension with the rare association of absent right pulmonary artery.
Nii Kouhei - - 2013
An 87-year-old man presented with extracranial vertebral artery (VA) occlusion and progressive vertebrobasilar ischemia despite maximal medical management. Cerebral angiography showed left proximal VA occlusion, termination of the right VA at the ipsilateral posterior inferior cerebellar artery, and hypoplastic bilateral posterior communicating arteries. Although the stump of the left VA ...
Ay Yasin - - 2013
Pulmonary artery dissection associated with patent ductus arteriosus is usually seen in patients with pulmonary hypertension and Eisenmenger's syndrome. This paper presents a case with pre-Eisenmenger patent ductus arteriosus complicated by pulmonary artery dissection, and explains how she was surgically treated. The transthoracic echocardiography of a 21-year-old woman complaining of ...
McLaughlin Nancy N Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2013
The identification of infundibula on noninvasive imaging modalities may be challenging. Because these lesions have generally been viewed as nonpathological, distinguishing them from small or micro-aneurysms is important. A 39-year-old male was diagnosed with recurrence of typical orgasmic headache. An outpoutching arising from the distal part of the right P1 ...
Higuchi Kazuhiko K Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, NTT Medical Center Tokyo, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, - - 2013
We report a modified intercostal artery implantation using the tube of the aortic wall alternative to the Crawford inclusion and Carrel Patch techniques for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Intercostal and lumbar arteries were isolated within a full-thickness excised aortic cuff and tailored into a tube. An 8-mm limb was sewn ...
Mormile Raffaella - - 2012
Pediatric Cardiology as a discipline has been proposed to have been born on August 26, 1938, when Robert Gross at the age of 33 years, successfully ligated a patent ductus arteriosus of a 7 years girl at the Children's Hospital in Boston. In November 1944, Helen Taussig convinced Alfred Blalock ...
Huang Wei-Chun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Neointima formation and atherosclerosis compromise long-term graft patency in aortocoronary vein bypass grafts. We investigated the effect on neointima formation in porcine saphenous vein grafts of periadventitial application of immortalized human mesenchymal stem cells transduced with the gene for the peptide glucagon-like peptide-1, which have been shown to induce ...
Unzué Vallejo Leire - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coronary angiography (CA) has been the gold standard technique for studying coronary artery disease. It is based on the analysis of bidimensional orthogonal projections that may not be optimal to estimate determinate coronary segments. Rotational angiography "Xperswing" (DARCA) is a new technique that allows the visualization of the coronary ...
Chalouhi Nohra - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Giant and complex aneurysms are increasingly treated with the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED). However, clinical experience with the device remains preliminary. OBJECTIVE:: To report the first case of a delayed migration of an intracranial PED. METHODS:: A 61-year-old woman with a known large right cavernous internal carotid artery aneurysm ...
Jittapiromsak Pakrit - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Endovascular treatment of dural arteriovenous malformation is challenging especially if the related dural venous sinus is patent and might be usable for normal venous drainage. METHODS: A new particular venous balloon remodeling technique was described in the treatment of transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous malformation by using transarterial Onyx. The goal ...
Razak Anmar - - 2012
Elongated styloid process (ESP) is an anatomical variant that has been described as the cause of Eagle syndrome. Until recently, the styloid process has not been appreciated as a significant contributor to carotid artery dissection (CAD), which is not part of Eagle syndrome. We present a case of a 41-year-old ...
Aggarwal Sanjeev - - 2012
We present an infant who had an anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) and a large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), who was diagnosed before a potentially catastrophic closure of PDA. In the presence of normal left ventricular function and the absence of coronary artery collaterals, it ...
Miyoshi T - - 2012
Although there are some reports of pulmonary artery thrombosis in a non-patent ductus arteriosus aneurysm(1-3) , to our knowledge, this is a first report of fetal pulmonary thrombosis with a structurally normal heart. We report a rare case of fetal pulmonary thrombosis during the period of treatment with thoracoamniotic shunting ...
Sattiraju Srinivasan - - 2012
The substrate of paradoxic embolization is a patent foramen ovale allowing right-to-left passage of embolic material. A thrombus in transit entrapped by a patent foramen straddling an atrial septal aneurysm is an exceedingly transient condition rarely documented on imaging studies. We present the case of a 67-year-old man with acute ...
Alqahtani Saad - - 2012
Retrograde or combined retrograde and antegrade recanalization should be considered when antegrade recanalization has failed in selected patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Retrograde recanalization is typically attempted through a patent segment of the popliteal artery or an infrapopliteal artery. The challenge arises, however, when there are no patent popliteal ...
Hajsadeghi Shokoufeh - - 2012
The patent foramen ovale (PFO) usually is a very small potential opening in the atrial septum. Under the conditions of normal hemodynamics with higher left atrial than right atrial pressures, the septum primum is forced against the foramen by the higher left atrial pressure and there is no actual persistent ...
Kim Hyun Beom - - 2012
We investigated tissue responses to endoskeleton stent grafts for saccular abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in canines. Saccular AAAs were made with Dacron patch in 8 dogs, and were excluded by endoskeleton stent grafts composed of nitinol stent and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene graft. Animals were sacrificed at 2 months (Group 1; n ...
Devendran Vimalarani - - 2012
It is well known that the vertical vein (VV) may have to be left open after repair of a total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in children with preoperative obstruction, whose left heart chambers are small (Cope et al. in Ann Thorac Surg 64:23-29, 3). An unligated VV has been ...
Harris L L - - 2012
This report discusses a premature complex newborn with persistent pulmonary difficulties following the clipping of the PDA. Bronchoscopy was critical in revealing a metallic clip obstructing the bronchus. Thoracothomy revealed that the clip had been placed across the bronchus. This case illustrates the importance of bronchoscopy in the face of ...
Maleux Geert - - 2012
BackgroundSuboptimal stent-graft placement at the lower anastomosis during transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) may result in early shunt stenosis and occlusion owing to incomplete covering of the parenchymal tract by the covered part of the stent-graft.PurposeTo determine the optimal portal venous projection view for stent-graft placement during TIPS and the ...
Lappas D - - 2012
The purpose of this project is to study and analyse the anatomical variations of the infrapopliteal vessels concerning their branching pattern. A reliable sample of one hundred formalin-fixed adult cadavers was dissected by the Anatomical Laboratory of Athens University. The variations can be classified in the following way: the normal ...
Warrier Dhanya - - 2012
Persistent fifth aortic arch (PFAA), also known as congenital double-lumen aortic arch, is a rare developmental anomaly of the aortic arch. A 5-month-old baby who presented with congestive cardiac failure was diagnosed to have a large patent ductus arteriosus with PFAA. Although this arch anomaly had no hemodynamic relevance in ...
Lee Hwa Yeon - - 2013
We present a case of paradoxical air embolism (PAE) in the distal right coronary artery identified by coronary CT angiography. The underlying cause of PAE in the distal right coronary artery was a patent foramen ovale because the typical CT findings of a patent foramen ovale (i.e., combination of findings ...
Aung S M - - 2012
Longitudinal compression (accordion effect) of modern thinner-strut stents has been recently recognised. We report a typical case of longitudinal stent compression caused by a post-dilatation balloon.
Mizuno S - - 2012
It is difficult to reconstruct the portal vein (PV) using a long interpositional venous graft in living donor liver transplant (LDLT) patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT), which involves the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and splenic vein (SV). We successfully performed LDLT for three patients with PVT ...
Ullah Maad - - 2012
We report a 5-year-old boy weighing 11 kg, with severe mitral valve stenosis of rheumatic aetiology, who underwent successful percutaneous transluminal mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) with valvuloplasty balloon. Postprocedural mean pressure gradient across the mitral valve decreased to 6 mmHg from an initially recorded value of 22 mmHg. In addition to symptomatic improvement, the ...
Khositseth Anant - - 2012
We present the cases of three children with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and desaturation. One of them had desaturation associated with atrial septal defect (ASD). His ASD, PAH, and desaturation improved after successful device closure of the PDA. The other two had desaturation associated with Down ...
Saberi Hooshang - - 2011
Conventional angiography, generally referred to as intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography, still remains the gold standard reference method for the diagnosis of intracranial aneurysms, helical computed tomography angiography (CTA) is a new non-invasive volumetric imaging method. This study was conducted to screen patients presenting with subarachnoidhemorrhage by CTA before conventional digital ...
Grech V - - 2011
It is accepted practice to close large patent arterial ducts (PDA) with Amplatzer duct occluder devices, with extremely low rates of residual PDA. We report a child who required device closure of PDA with two Amplatzer PDA devices on two separate occasions, despite the first device deployment being a standard ...
Lohchab Shamsher Singh - - 2011
A 3-year-old male child was diagnosed with patent ductus arteriosus. The evaluation of this patient by computed tomography (CT) angiography revealed a big tortuous patent ductus arteriosus and proximal left pulmonary artery stenosis. Successful elective surgical repair was undertaken.
Nagai Toshiyuki - - 2011
Sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) had been implanted in the left anterior descending artery of a 77-year-old male. Three years later, he was admitted for ST elevation myocardial infarction caused by stent thrombosis accompanied with incomplete stent apposition (ISA), and balloon angioplasty had to be performed on him. However, 6 months later, he ...
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