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Matsubara Osamu O 1The Cancer Institute 2Hiratsuka Kyosai Hospital 3National Defense Medical College, - - 2014
Vasculitis is defined as inflammation of a vessel wall. Hemorrhage is defined as the escape of blood from vessels. If pulmonary vasculitis and pulmonary hemorrhage are directly connected that inflammation of blood vessels leads to rupture and then hemorrhage, the classification of the pulmonary vasculitis and pulmonary hemorrhage syndromes would ...
O'Byrne Michael L ML Division of Cardiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa, - - 2014
Deficient retro-aortic rim has been identified as a risk factor for device erosion following trans-catheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the primary screening method for subjects for possible device closure of ASD, but its reliability in measuring retro-aortic rim size has not been assessed previously. ...
Assmann Alexander A Research Group for Experimental Surgery, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany; Department of Medicine, Center for Biomedical Engineering, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, - - 2014
Neurologic complications during on-pump cardiovascular surgery are often induced by mobilization of atherosclerotic plaques, which is directly related to enhanced wall shear stress. In the present study, we numerically evaluated the impact of dispersive aortic cannulas on aortic blood flow characteristics, with special regard to the resulting wall shear stress ...
Chalouhi Nohra N Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University and Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Object Aneurysm recurrence after coil therapy remains a major shortcoming in the endovascular management of cerebral aneurysms. The need for long-term imaging follow-up was recently investigated. This study assessed the diagnostic yield of long-term digital subtraction angiography (DSA) follow-up and determined predictors of delayed aneurysm recurrence and retreatment. Methods Inclusion ...
Mezes Peter P Department of Interventional Radiology, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK North Bristol NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK - - 2014
Type III endoleaks are rare late complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. The aneurysm sac is pressurised either through disconnection of modular components (type IIIA) or a defect in the graft fabric (type IIIB). We report the endovascular treatment of a ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm five years after elective ...
Wang Lin C LC Department of Surgery, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, San Antonio, TX, 78234, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endovascular techniques used in the management of renal artery stenosis (RAS) have unique complications, to include stent facture, thrombosis, aneurysm formation, migration, and in-stent restenosis. Described here is an unusual complication of renal artery obstruction and recurrent hypertension without progressive loss of renal function, secondary to intermittent arterial kinking with ...
Makhija Zeena Z Division of Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Fortis Escorts Heart Research Institute, Delhi, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
A concomitant double-switch procedure and unifocalization were performed in a child with congenital corrected transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, pulmonary atresia, absence of central pulmonary arteries and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Predischarge echocardiography showed no residual shunts with laminar flow in baffles and outflow tracts. Follow-up computed ...
Zou Junjie J 1 Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Abstract We present a case undergoing successful laparoscopic ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) and internal iliac artery (IIA) for the treatment of a symptomatic type II endoleak (T2E) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The patient presented with abdominal and back pain 1 year after EVAR. Subsequent enhanced computed ...
Surasi Devaki Shilpa DS Department of Radiology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA, - - 2014
Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a serious pulmonary vascular complication in patients with chronic liver disease. It constitutes a triad of chronic liver disease, increased alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient, and evidence of intrapulmonary shunt (IPS). The diagnosis of IPS can be made by bubble echocardiography, technetium-99m-labeled macroaggregated albumin ((99m)Tc-MAA) scintigraphy or pulmonary arteriography. ...
Duan Qun-Jun QJ Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China, Department of Cardiovascular - - 2014
We present an eight year-old girl who required an operation for moderate mitral insufficiency associated with partial atrioventricular septal defect. Echocardiography disclosed an ostium primum atrial septal defect and double-orifice mitral valve with moderate mitral regurgitation secondary to a cleft in the anterior leaflet and prolapse of the anterior leaflet. ...
Ugurlucan Murat M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aortic aneurysms and stenosis are widely treated with endovascular procedures in the current era. In this report, we present endovascular stent grafting for symptomatic treatment of severe thoracic aortic stenosis caused by an aortic sarcomatoid carcinoma in a 73-year-old female. The peri- and post-operative courses were complicated with tumor embolisms ...
Doi Toshio T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyushu University Beppu Hospital, 4546 Tsurumi, Beppu, Oita 874-0838, - - 2014
Right thoracic curvature, rib cage deformities and aortic left shift are features of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis that are correlated with each other. We recently reported that disturbance of ribcage development results in progressive thoracic scoliosis in mice. Recently, it has been confirmed that the normal spine exhibits right thoracic curvature ...
Adam Shaun S Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service and Department of Surgery, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. - - 2014
New endoscopic and endovascular therapies have revolutionised the management of complex traumatic visceral aneurysms. A pseudoaneurysm of the gastroduodenal artery following penetrating abdominal trauma was successfully managed by selective angiographic embolisation.
Cortés-Franco Severiano - - 2013
Anomalous branches from the internal carotid artery (ICA) have been reported rarely in the literature. We report three cases of ascending pharyngeal arising from the ICA. It is essential to be aware of these variations in carotid artery surgery.
Kwiecinski Jakub - - 2012
Examination of ancient Egyptians' depictions of the respiratory tract, dating back to the 30th century BC, reveals their awareness of the pulmonary anatomy: reinforced with cartilaginous rings, the trachea is split into two main bronchi, which then enter the lungs (lungs being divided into pulmonary lobes).
Everett T R - - 2012
The uterine artery Doppler waveform has been extensively investigated, though its widespread clinical use as a predictor of adverse pregnancy outcome remains under debate. The determinants of the waveform have classically been ascribed to transformation of the spiral arteries and the development of a low resistance uteroplacental circulation, failure of ...
Jiao Hong-Sheng - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effective distribution of blood supply in jejunal graft with the 3rd intestinal artery as pedicle and to afford a reliable theoretic base for clinical esophageal reconstruction. METHODS: Thirty-two formalin-preserved and 21 fresh cadaver specimens were studied with anatomic measurement, acetic ester perfusion, and Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ...
Osol George - - 2012
During pregnancy the mammalian uterine circulation undergoes significant expansive remodelling necessary for normal pregnancy outcome. The underlying mechanisms are poorly defined. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that myometrial stretch actively stimulates uterine vascular remodelling by developing a new surgical approach to induce unilateral uterine distension ...
Yi S W - - 2012
The aim of this retrospective case study was to evaluate the role of transcatheter arterial embolisation in the management of delayed postpartum haemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm leakage, and present the angiographic findings with multidetector computed tomography (CT) along angiography as a diagnostic tool. Delayed postpartum haemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm leakage ...
Bereza Tomasz - - 2012
The aim of this study was to visualize and describe the vascular architecture of the vaginal and supravaginal parts of the human uterine cervix. Uteri collected at autopsy (n = 42) were perfused via the afferent vessels with fixative followed by Mercox resin. After polymerization of the resin, corrosion was performed. The ...
Pérez W - - 2012
To describe the macroscopic anatomy of the genital organs of the female pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus), organs from animals dead in a captive breeding station were dissected. A total of twenty females, 17 adults and 10 pre-puberal approximately 1 year old were studied by gross dissection. The ovaries of adult ...
Makino Hiroshi - - 2012
An increasing number of unruptured intracranial aneurysms are being detected, partly due to the increased use of brain imaging techniques. Pharmacological stabilization of aneurysms for the prevention of aneurysmal rupture could potentially be an attractive alternative approach to clipping or coiling in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms. We have developed ...
Hamaguchi Shingo - - 2012
A 29-year-old woman with placenta increta with hemorrhage underwent uterine artery embolization using 12.5% NBCA (N-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate) diluted with iodized oil (Lipiodol). Complete resolution of placenta increta without performing curettage was obtained. The uterus returned to its normal shape, with restored endometrium, junctional zone, and myometrium. Menstruation resumed after 3 ...
Nguyen N C NC Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
To examine the association of physical activity on maternal-fetal circulation measured by uterine and umbilical artery Doppler flow velocimetry waveforms. Participants included 781 pregnant women with Doppler ultrasounds of the uterine and umbilical artery and who self-reported past week physical activity. Linear and generalized estimating equation regression models were used ...
Johannesson Liza - - 2012
: To estimate uterine vessel lengths and diameters recovered at radical hysterectomy to assess prospects for direct vascular anastomosis bilaterally to the external iliacs in uterus transplantation, and thereby the feasibility of live uterus donation as a future treatment of absolute uterine factor infertility. : Patients (n=19; study group) undergoing ...
Mihara Makoto - - 2012
BACKGROUNDFor women with congenital uterine infertility, or for those who have undergone hysterectomy, uterine transplantation is one of the potential treatments to regain fertility. In this study, we utilized a primate model of uterine transplantation, and evaluated the patency of our microsurgical anastomoses, and the perfusion of the transplanted uterus.METHODSTwo ...
Rajaii-Khorasani Ahmad - - 2012
Abstract  Intravenous leiomyomatosis is a rare tumor arising either from a uterine leiomyoma or from uterine vessel walls with extension into venous channels. Although intravenous leiomyomatosis is considered histologically "benign," intrusion to the cardiac chambers is almost malignant given its possibility for destruction of heart valves, extending into the pulmonary ...
Nishijima Koji - - 2012
Although vernix caseosa is known to be a natural biofilm at birth, human pulmonary surfactant commences to remove the vernix from fetal skin into the amniotic fluid at gestational week 34, i.e. well before delivery. To explain this paradox, we first produced two types of fluorescently labelled liposomes displaying morphology ...
Baril Donald T - - 2012
Surveillance following lower extremity bypass, carotid endarterectomy, and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair has become the standard of care at most institutions. Conversely, surveillance following lower extremity endovascular interventions is performed somewhat sporadically in part because the duplex criteria for recurrent stenoses have been ill defined. It appears that duplex surveillance ...
Kwon Joon Ho - - 2012
We report a case of a 35-year-old woman who underwent uterine artery embolization (UAE) for symptomatic multiple uterine fibroids with collateral aberrant right ovarian artery that originated from the right external iliac artery. We believe that this is the first reported case in the literature of this collateral uterine flow ...
Harloff Andreas A Department of Neurology, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2012
Internal carotid artery (ICA) plaques constitute one major source of retinal and cerebral brain embolism. Current guidelines recommend optimal treatment of cardiovascular risk factors and recanalization based on the degree of ICA stenosis. However, ICA plaque composition, motion, vascularization, and local hemodynamics have only received limited attention as potential and ...
Iacovella C - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate if increased first-trimester uterine artery Doppler resistance indices (RI) are related to stillbirth. Uterine artery Doppler indices were assessed prospectively during a routine first-trimester ultrasound scan. Patients were categorised as having a high uterine artery mean Doppler RI if the index was ...
Kalder Johannes - - 2012
Despite its presumed effectiveness and clinical use, the physiology of selective visceral perfusion combined with distal aortic perfusion during open thoracoabdominal aortic surgery has not been characterized. Thus, the aim of this study was to establish a translatable model of thoracic aortic-clamping to assess the effect of selective visceral perfusion ...
Chalajour Fariba - - 2012
In this case report, we evaluated cellular structure and the growth potential of a porcine small intestinal submucosal patch used for pulmonary artery augmentation in a 20-day-old newborn with pulmonary atresia. The patch was resected 2 months postoperatively due to apparent abnormal wall thickening and evaluated by histologic and immunohistologic ...
Johannesson L - - 2012
BACKGROUNDUterus transplantation (UTx) may provide the first available treatment for women affected by uterine infertility. The present study aimed to further develop a surgical technique for autologous UTx in a non-human primate species and to assess long-term function.METHODSFemale baboons (n= 16) underwent autologous transplantation of the uterus with the Fallopian ...
Stanley Joanna L JL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. - - 2012
Preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction are responsible for the majority of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with complicated pregnancies. Although their etiologies are complex and multifactorial, both are associated with increased uterine artery resistance. Sildenafil citrate is able to rescue the dysfunction observed ex vivo in uterine arteries ...
Gerek Mustafa - - 2012
Objective. It is well known that the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses affect the acoustic characteristics of the voice as resonators. Any expansion in nasal valve area, the narrowest segment of the nasal cavity, affects the nasal resistance and therefore has the potential to alter the nasalance. The aim of ...
Dixon Shaheen - - 2012
A 47-year-old woman with a history of myomectomies and uterine artery embolization 15 years previously presented with increasing menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated multiple enhancing fibroids, extensive uterine supply from what appeared to be patent uterine arteries, and significant supply from what appeared to be the left ...
Pellerin Olivier - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of superselective embolization of the uterine arteries in a postpartum hemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between November 2004 and January 2011, a total of 44 consecutive women (median ± standard deviation age 34 ± 3 years, range 23-41 years) were referred to our institution for postpartum intractable hemorrhage management. All ...
Sathyendran Vani - - 2012
Extra-intestinal infections caused by Clostridium difficile are uncommon. We report a case of a mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm in an 86-year old male. Tissue and pus swabs from the aneurysmal sac grew a pure growth of C. difficile. The identity of the isolate was determined by phenotypic methods and confirmed ...
Nezic Dusko D Department of Cardiac Surgery, Dedinje Cardiovascular Institute, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2012
Mitral valve replacement (MVR) in the presence of the extensive calcification of the mitral annulus is a technical challenge. The heavily calcified annulus can cause great difficulty in the insertion of a prosthetic valve and periprosthetic leakage later on. Vigorous annular decalcification may cause circumflex coronary artery injury, atrioventricular rupture ...
Reynolds Tyler S - - 2012
Background. Uterine leiomyomas are commonly reported to cause deep venous thrombosis and rarely arterial compression. Case. A 48-year-old woman was transferred to our institution with acute right lower limb ischemia and tissue loss. She underwent urgent iliac thrombectomy and was subsequently found to have right common iliac artery compression by ...
Gezginç K - - 2012
To evaluate the effectiveness of bilateral uterine arteries and ovarian artery ligation followed by B-Lynch compression suturing in controlling atonic postpartum hemorrhage. In this retrospective study, the data of eight patients that had uterine atony during cesarean section and treated by bilateral uterine and ovarian artery ligation followed by B-Lynch ...
Parker Noah P - - 2012
To define (1) at-risk structures during the orthodromic temporalis tendon transfer and (2) achievable tendon length without temporal releasing incisions or perioral lengthening materials. Ten fresh cadavers provided 20 hemifaces for dissection. Measurements and photographic documentation were used to examine the parotid duct, masseteric artery, inferior alveolar nerve, internal maxillary ...
Nishida Yoshihiro - - 2012
A 37-year-old primigravida at 35 weeks of gestation presented with known anterior wall dominant placenta previa totalis and suspected placenta accreta was successfully treated with transfundal uterine (transverse) incision performed with prophylactic common iliac artery balloon occlusion. This new surgical approach could be an alternative procedure for avoiding excessive blood ...
Chen Yun-Feng - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the location of the anterior humeral circumflex artery and axillary nerve based on bony landmarks, and to provide anatomical information that enables a safe approach when treating a proximal humeral fractures. Thirty cadavers were included. The distances of both the anterior humeral ...
Joo Wonil - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The carotid cave was first described more than 20 years ago, but itsrelationships to the dural rings defining theclinoid segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA), the carotid collar, and the adjacent osseous structures need further definition. OBJECTIVE: To further define the microanatomy of the carotid cave and its ...
Hollenbeck S T - - 2011
Patients with extensive loss of abdominal wall tissue have few options for restoring the abdominal cavity. Composite tissue allotransplantation has been used for limited abdominal wall reconstruction in the setting of visceral transplantation, yet replacement of the entire abdominal wall has not been described. The purpose of this study was ...
Kim Young Jun - - 2011
The authors experienced a case with ocular ischemia with hypotony following injection of a dermal filler for augmentation rhinoplasty. Immediately after injection, the patient demonstrated a permanent visual loss with typical fundus features of central retinal artery occlusion. Multiple crusted ulcerative patches around the nose and left periorbit developed, and ...
Ayajiki Kazuhide - - 2011
The functional roles of the nitrergic nerves innervating the monkey cerebral artery were evaluated in a tension-response study examining isolated arteries in vitro and cerebral angiography in vivo. Nicotine produced relaxation of arteries by stimulation of nerve terminals innervating isolated monkey arteries irrigating the cerebrum, cerebellum and brain stem. Relaxation ...
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