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Feldman Jeremy J Arizona Pulmonary Specialists, 3330 N. 2nd street Ste 300, Phoenix, AZ 85012, - - 2014
The approval of oral treprostinil is a landmark event in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Nineteen years after epoprostenol was approved we now have an oral prostanoid available in the USA. Although the current data in prostanoid naïve patients are unimpressive, emerging data suggest that in carefully selected patients ...
Kato Wataru W Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, 2-9, Myoken-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 466-8650, Japan, - - 2014
Treatment of visceral ischemia complicated with acute type A aortic dissection is controversial. We had two cases of acute type A aortic dissection complicated by superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ischemia and successfully treated them with direct SMA perfusion during central aortic repair followed by SMA plasty. The presented procedures can ...
Bakoyiannis C C 1st Department of Surgery, Vascular Surgery Unit, Laikon General Hospital, MedicalSchool of Athens, Athens, Greece - - - 2014
Homocysteine (Hcy) has been identified as a potential risk factor for vascular disease. This study investigates the role of serum Hcy as clinical risk factor for restenosis after carotid endarterectomy. In a prospective design, we studied patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy with venous patch closure technique with respect to alterations ...
Tansatit Tanvaa T Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, The Chula Soft Cadaver Surgical Training Center, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, 1873 Rama 4 Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330, - - 2014
Anatomical knowledge of the vascular supply to the upper- and lower-lip vermilion is essential for lip augmentation. The soft tissues of the whole face, including arterial latex injection, were peeled off as a facial flap and turned down for dissection. The mucosal flap was elevated away from the orbicularis oris ...
Hussain M A MA Department of Vascular Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5B 1W8; Department of Interventional Radiology, Toronto General Hospital, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2C4. Electronic address: - - 2014
A patent false lumen with persistent flow following endovascular repair of type B aortic dissection (TBAD) is associated with an ongoing risk of aortic dilation and rupture. We describe the case of a 64-year-old man who initially underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for acute complicated TBAD, but continued to ...
Neiva Neto E C EC Serviço de Cirurgia Vascular Integrada of the Beneficencia, Portuguesa Hospital, São Paulo, - - 2014
Compare the intima--media thickness (IMT) of the internal carotid artery with the IMT of the common and external carotid, vertebral and femoral arteries and the abdominal aorta to assess the possibility of using these arteries as markers of atherosclerotic disease. Fifty patients with atherosclerosic risk factors were examined and the ...
Ernst M M Center for Radiology and Endoscopy Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Haus Ost 22 (O 22) Martinistr 52, 20246, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
This study aims to investigate diagnostic sensitivity and reliability for the detection of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) on non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography (NECT) by visual assessment (VA), Hounsfield unit (HU) measurement, calculation of the Hounsfield unit/hematocrit (HU/Hct) ratio, and combination of visual assessment and attenuation measurement (VA + HU). NECT of 18 ...
Prasad Deepa D Case Western Reserve University,Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital,Cleveland,Ohio,United States of - - 2014
We present a case of a 2-year-old girl who presented with respiratory distress and umbilical abscess, and was found to have an inferior sinus venosus defect, malposition of the atrial septum primum, absent septum secundum, and anomalous drainage of the right upper and lower pulmonary veins to the right atrium.
Matsubara Osamu O 1The Cancer Institute 2Hiratsuka Kyosai Hospital 3National Defense Medical College, - - 2014
Vasculitis is defined as inflammation of a vessel wall. Hemorrhage is defined as the escape of blood from vessels. If pulmonary vasculitis and pulmonary hemorrhage are directly connected that inflammation of blood vessels leads to rupture and then hemorrhage, the classification of the pulmonary vasculitis and pulmonary hemorrhage syndromes would ...
Jia X-J XJ Department of Neurology, No. 264 Hospital, Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, China. - - 2014
To observe the serum inflammatory and coagulation factors changes and clinical significance following carotid artery stenting. The expressions of serum inflammatory factors including IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, sICAM-1, hs-CRP, and TNF-α and serum coagulation factors including prothrombin time (PT), active partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (DD), and fibrin degradation ...
Niizuma Kuniyasu K Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of - - 2014
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is intended to remove atheromatous plaque by dissecting a plane between the intima and the media (circular medial fibers), but this may not be the optimal dissection plane. The present technique is based on identifying the plane that divides the media from the plaque, so preserving the ...
Li Xiaofei X Department of Pathology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Room M2-129, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) is a crucial factor in progression and destabilization of an atherosclerotic plaque. Anti-thromboembolic drugs are widely used as prophylactic treatment against arterial and venous thrombotic diseases, but a major complication is bleeding. We investigated the association between exposure to anti-thromboembolic therapy and IPH in postmortem coronary arteries. ...
Nezami Nariman N Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, - - 2014
We aimed to study the relationship of peripheral arteries' atherosclerosis with serum and tissue endothelin-1 in chronic kidney disease patients. Ninety patients were enrolled, including 35 patients with chronic kidney disease (case group), 31 patients with coronary artery diseases who were candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting (positive control group), ...
Mannelli Giuditta G First Clinic of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Via Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several connective tissue disorders are associated with vascular wall abnormalities, including spontaneous dissection of the cervical arteries. Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary disorder, with rare neurovascular complications, which potentially lead to life-threatening events. We presented a case of spontaneous internal carotid artery (ICA) rupture that occurred in a 52-year-old-woman, ...
O'Byrne Michael L ML Division of Cardiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa, - - 2014
Deficient retro-aortic rim has been identified as a risk factor for device erosion following trans-catheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs). Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the primary screening method for subjects for possible device closure of ASD, but its reliability in measuring retro-aortic rim size has not been assessed previously. ...
Assmann Alexander A Research Group for Experimental Surgery, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany; Department of Medicine, Center for Biomedical Engineering, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, - - 2014
Neurologic complications during on-pump cardiovascular surgery are often induced by mobilization of atherosclerotic plaques, which is directly related to enhanced wall shear stress. In the present study, we numerically evaluated the impact of dispersive aortic cannulas on aortic blood flow characteristics, with special regard to the resulting wall shear stress ...
Chalouhi Nohra N Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University and Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Object Aneurysm recurrence after coil therapy remains a major shortcoming in the endovascular management of cerebral aneurysms. The need for long-term imaging follow-up was recently investigated. This study assessed the diagnostic yield of long-term digital subtraction angiography (DSA) follow-up and determined predictors of delayed aneurysm recurrence and retreatment. Methods Inclusion ...
Mezes Peter P Department of Interventional Radiology, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, St Thomas' Hospital, London, UK North Bristol NHS Trust, Department of Radiology, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, UK - - 2014
Type III endoleaks are rare late complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. The aneurysm sac is pressurised either through disconnection of modular components (type IIIA) or a defect in the graft fabric (type IIIB). We report the endovascular treatment of a ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm five years after elective ...
Wang Lin C LC Department of Surgery, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, San Antonio, TX, 78234, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endovascular techniques used in the management of renal artery stenosis (RAS) have unique complications, to include stent facture, thrombosis, aneurysm formation, migration, and in-stent restenosis. Described here is an unusual complication of renal artery obstruction and recurrent hypertension without progressive loss of renal function, secondary to intermittent arterial kinking with ...
Makhija Zeena Z Division of Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Fortis Escorts Heart Research Institute, Delhi, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
A concomitant double-switch procedure and unifocalization were performed in a child with congenital corrected transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, pulmonary atresia, absence of central pulmonary arteries and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries. Predischarge echocardiography showed no residual shunts with laminar flow in baffles and outflow tracts. Follow-up computed ...
Zou Junjie J 1 Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
Abstract We present a case undergoing successful laparoscopic ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) and internal iliac artery (IIA) for the treatment of a symptomatic type II endoleak (T2E) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The patient presented with abdominal and back pain 1 year after EVAR. Subsequent enhanced computed ...
Han Seongwook S Central Utah Clinic-Cardiology, Utah Valley Regional Medical Center, Provo, UT, USA. ; Department of Cardiology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University, Daegu, - - 2014
The efficacy and safety of catheter ablation for the management of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been improved in recent years. Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation for maintaining sinus rhythm is superior to the current antiarrhythmic drug therapy in selected patients. Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the cornerstone of various catheter ablation ...
Costa André Falcão Pedrosa AF Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de - - 2014
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in terminal patients with chronic kidney failure (CKF). Diverse risk factors are involved in the pathogenesis, and are classified as traditional, which affect the general population; and non-traditional, which are peculiar to patients with CKF. Secondary hyperparathyroidism, a non-traditional and ...
Kaya C C Anesthesiology and Reanimation Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, - - 2014
Haemodialysis catheters used in the treatment of renal failure can cause very serious complications. Therefore, selection of the appropriate vein, and application of the intervention under ultrasound (US) guidance, carry vital importance. In this study, we aimed to present a potentially fatal complication of temporary haemodialysis catheter.
Park Chang Kyu CK Department of Neurosurgery, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
A 66-year-old man presented with typical trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed a primitive trigeminal artery (PTA) that came into contact with the trigeminal nerve. Based on MRA, we performed microvascular decompression (MVD). In the operational field, we confirmed the PTA location and performed MVD successfully. Postoperatively, the ...
Surasi Devaki Shilpa DS Department of Radiology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA, - - 2014
Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a serious pulmonary vascular complication in patients with chronic liver disease. It constitutes a triad of chronic liver disease, increased alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient, and evidence of intrapulmonary shunt (IPS). The diagnosis of IPS can be made by bubble echocardiography, technetium-99m-labeled macroaggregated albumin ((99m)Tc-MAA) scintigraphy or pulmonary arteriography. ...
Duan Qun-Jun QJ Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China, Department of Cardiovascular - - 2014
We present an eight year-old girl who required an operation for moderate mitral insufficiency associated with partial atrioventricular septal defect. Echocardiography disclosed an ostium primum atrial septal defect and double-orifice mitral valve with moderate mitral regurgitation secondary to a cleft in the anterior leaflet and prolapse of the anterior leaflet. ...
Ugurlucan Murat M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul University Istanbul Medical Faculty. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aortic aneurysms and stenosis are widely treated with endovascular procedures in the current era. In this report, we present endovascular stent grafting for symptomatic treatment of severe thoracic aortic stenosis caused by an aortic sarcomatoid carcinoma in a 73-year-old female. The peri- and post-operative courses were complicated with tumor embolisms ...
Sharma Prafulla Kumar - - 2014
A 33-year-old female, presented with fever, lower limb ulcers and severe backache. The present history evolved four weeks after the complaints of claudication of buttocks, thighs and calves. Lower limb arterial pulsations were not detectable. Colour Doppler and Computed Tomograph (CT) Angiography revealed blockage of abdominal aorta below the origin ...
Battisti Daniela D Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", "Policlinico Tor Vergata" Foundation, Rome, - - 2014
ankle arthroscopy increased its role in the diagnosis and treatment of pathology of the ankle since 1970s. Although the benefits are well established, ankle arthroscopy is associated with a definite risk of complications, especially neurological. The incidence rate of vascular complication after anterior ankle arthroscopy has been reported. we review ...
Doi Toshio T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyushu University Beppu Hospital, 4546 Tsurumi, Beppu, Oita 874-0838, - - 2014
Right thoracic curvature, rib cage deformities and aortic left shift are features of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis that are correlated with each other. We recently reported that disturbance of ribcage development results in progressive thoracic scoliosis in mice. Recently, it has been confirmed that the normal spine exhibits right thoracic curvature ...
Adam Shaun S Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service and Department of Surgery, Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. - - 2014
New endoscopic and endovascular therapies have revolutionised the management of complex traumatic visceral aneurysms. A pseudoaneurysm of the gastroduodenal artery following penetrating abdominal trauma was successfully managed by selective angiographic embolisation.
Bilici Muhammet M Department of Internal Medicine, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, - - 2014
Behcet's disease (BD) is a systemic inflammatory disorder characterised by oral/genital ulcers, ocular lesions, and gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, neurological and major vessel involvements. Venous manifestations are more common than arterial involvements. In this case report, we present a patient with internal jugular vein thrombosis, which is a very rare complication of ...
Fukuda Tetsuya T Department of Radiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Suita, Osaka, - - 2014
To identify the computed tomography (CT) findings of persistent type II endoleak from the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) which indicate the need for preoperative IMA embolization. Included were 120 patients (96 males, 49-93 years old, mean: 77.7) who underwent endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) between June 2007 and October 2010. ...
Chikazawa Genta G Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Sakakibara Heart Institute of Okayama, Okayama, Okayama, - - 2014
We previously reported effectiveness of coil embolization (CE) to aortic branched vessels before endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) because of significant shrinkage of aneurysmal sac. In this study, we investigated EVAR cases to clarify influential factors of aneurysmal shrinkage and enlargement. 148 consecutive cases before the ...
Kinoshita Yoshiaki Y Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, National Hospital Organization, Kokura Medical Center, Kitakyushu, - - 2014
Chyloptysis and chylous pulmonary congestion are extremely rare complications of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). We report a case of a 50-year-old woman with tuberous sclerosis complex-associated LAM, who presented with expectorating milky-white bronchial casts. She was diagnosed with chyloptysis and chylous pulmonary congestion by sputum analysis. Her symptoms and lung infiltration were ...
Desai Shachi S Vitreo-Retina Department, Aditya Jyot Eye Hospital, Mumbai, - - 2014
To study the underlying factors in a young patient having central retinal venous obstruction with central retinal arterial obstruction and its effects on visual outcome. A 33-year-old man presented with a complaint of sudden loss of vision in his right eye. A complete ophthalmic evaluation with fundus angiography showed combined ...
Reed David C DC Jules Stein Eye Institute, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, - - 2014
To report a case of multiple bilateral branch retinal artery occlusions associated with vancomycin infusion in an African American patient in acute sickle crisis. Single case report. A 30-year-old man with complicated sickle cell disease presented with pain, fever, and hypoxia. During infusion of vancomycin, he became diaphoretic, hypotensive, and ...
Lamparello Brooke M BM St George's University, Grenada, West - - 2014
A previously healthy 21-year-old man presented with back pain, bilateral extremity pain, and right lower extremity weakness, paresthesias, and swelling. Sonographic examination revealed diffuse deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the femoral and popliteal venous system. CT imaging revealed hypoplasia of the hepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) segment with formation of ...
Cortés-Franco Severiano - - 2013
Anomalous branches from the internal carotid artery (ICA) have been reported rarely in the literature. We report three cases of ascending pharyngeal arising from the ICA. It is essential to be aware of these variations in carotid artery surgery.
Jiao Lei L Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Affiliated to Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 215002, Jiangsu Province, - - 2012
Surgery or interventional therapy has some risks in the treatment of cerebral aneurysm. We established an internal carotid artery aneurysm model by dripping elastase in the crotch of the right internal and external carotid arteries of New Zealand rabbits. Following model induction, lentivirus carrying basic fibroblast growth factor was injected ...
Kwiecinski Jakub - - 2012
Examination of ancient Egyptians' depictions of the respiratory tract, dating back to the 30th century BC, reveals their awareness of the pulmonary anatomy: reinforced with cartilaginous rings, the trachea is split into two main bronchi, which then enter the lungs (lungs being divided into pulmonary lobes).
Everett T R - - 2012
The uterine artery Doppler waveform has been extensively investigated, though its widespread clinical use as a predictor of adverse pregnancy outcome remains under debate. The determinants of the waveform have classically been ascribed to transformation of the spiral arteries and the development of a low resistance uteroplacental circulation, failure of ...
Jiao Hong-Sheng - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the effective distribution of blood supply in jejunal graft with the 3rd intestinal artery as pedicle and to afford a reliable theoretic base for clinical esophageal reconstruction. METHODS: Thirty-two formalin-preserved and 21 fresh cadaver specimens were studied with anatomic measurement, acetic ester perfusion, and Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ...
Osol George - - 2012
During pregnancy the mammalian uterine circulation undergoes significant expansive remodelling necessary for normal pregnancy outcome. The underlying mechanisms are poorly defined. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that myometrial stretch actively stimulates uterine vascular remodelling by developing a new surgical approach to induce unilateral uterine distension ...
Yi S W - - 2012
The aim of this retrospective case study was to evaluate the role of transcatheter arterial embolisation in the management of delayed postpartum haemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm leakage, and present the angiographic findings with multidetector computed tomography (CT) along angiography as a diagnostic tool. Delayed postpartum haemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm leakage ...
Bereza Tomasz T Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to visualize and describe the vascular architecture of the vaginal and supravaginal parts of the human uterine cervix. Uteri collected at autopsy (n = 42) were perfused via the afferent vessels with fixative followed by Mercox resin. After polymerization of the resin, corrosion was ...
Pérez W - - 2012
To describe the macroscopic anatomy of the genital organs of the female pampas deer ( Ozotoceros bezoarticus), organs from animals dead in a captive breeding station were dissected. A total of twenty females, 17 adults and 10 pre-puberal approximately 1 year old were studied by gross dissection. The ovaries of adult ...
Makino Hiroshi - - 2012
An increasing number of unruptured intracranial aneurysms are being detected, partly due to the increased use of brain imaging techniques. Pharmacological stabilization of aneurysms for the prevention of aneurysmal rupture could potentially be an attractive alternative approach to clipping or coiling in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms. We have developed ...
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