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Macierewicz J A - - 2011
Reliable models of aortic aneurysms are required to test endovascular stent-graft technology prior to human use. We describe the creation of a standardized prosthetic aneurysm in an ovine model to assess endovascular technology. In an adult ovine model under general anesthesia, a polyester sphere measuring 6 cm across was sutured ...
Grudtner Marco Aurélio - - 2011
This study evaluated the arterial response to cobalt-chromium stents with and without polymer coating (Camouflage(®), Hemoteq AG, Wuerselen, Germany) implanted in pigs. Cobalt-chromium balloon-expandable stents (4 × 16 mm) were implanted in the common carotid arteries of nine pigs. Histological analysis of endothelialization, inflammation and injury was performed one month ...
von Bary Christian - - 2011
The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and in-stent restenosis. Elastin is an essential component of the ECM. ECM degradation can lead to plaque destabilization, whereas enhanced synthesis typically leads to vessel wall remodeling resulting in arterial stenosis or in-stent restenosis after stent implantation. ...
Orlik Jason - - 2011
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) with subsequent pulmonary embolus (PE) is frequently fatal if untreated. Athletes may be susceptible to DVT following minor blunt trauma to the popliteal fossa. We report an adult male hockey player with no "classic" risk factors for DVT who presented with a DVT and bilateral PE ...
Smalberg Jasper H - - 2011
In this review, we provide an overview of the risk factors for venous thromboembolism, focusing on hypercoagulability and hypofibrinolysis. In the first part of this review, we discuss the risk factors for commonly occurring venous thrombosis, in particular deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. In the second part, we provide ...
Chang Il Soo - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of transauricular arterial access and compare the procedure time needed for hepatic artery angiography via transfemoral versus transauricular arterial access in a rabbit model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the research animal care and use committee. Twenty rabbits were divided into transfemoral ...
Nakarai Asuka - - 2011
A 40-year-old woman with ulcerative colitis (UC) was admitted to our hospital because of diminution of consciousness and left palsy. UC had been diagnosed 6 years before, but had not been treated. MRI revealed complete obstruction of the superior sagittal sinus. Cerebral sinus thrombosis, as a complication of UC, was ...
Ghaddar Rasha Kamel - - 2011
A 49-year-old female presented with autoimmune hemolytic anemia and positive warm antibodies. She was diagnosed with chronic pulmonary sarcoidosis. The patient was given prednisolone after which she had complete remission of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and stabilization of her pulmonary status. A review will follow on association of sarcoidosis with autoimmune ...
Darling Edward E Department of Perfusion, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA. - - 2011
Novel COstatus system (Transonic Systems, Inc., NY), based on ultrasound dilution (UD), works off in situ arterial and central venous catheters in pediatric patients to measure cardiac output (CO). The purpose of the present study was to validate CO measurement by UD (COUD) with pulmonary artery (PA) thermodilution (COTD) in ...
Turk Aquilla S - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Parent artery occlusion is sometimes required to treat cerebrovascular lesions. OBJECTIVE:: We evaluated the Nfocus LUNA™ Parent Vessel Occlusion (PVO) Device in comparison to the Amplatzer Vascular Plug (AVP) used in the peripheral vasculature for large vessel occlusion in a canine animal model. METHODS:: The subclavian arteries were targeted ...
Gluhovschi Gheorghe - - 2011
We present a case of idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) in a female patient of 45 years, obese (BMI = 39 kg/sqm), hypertensive since 2005, with diabetes mellitus treated with diet and diabetes insipidus in whom, during a routine control, the following has been found: serum creatinine 1.74 mg/dl, and an ...
Marbacher S - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite rapid advances in the development of materials and techniques for endovascular intracranial aneurysm treatment, occlusion of large broad-neck aneurysms remains a challenge. Animal models featuring complex aneurysm architecture are needed to test endovascular innovations and train interventionalists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven adult female New Zealand rabbits ...
Ferrer E - - 2011
Cigarette smoke (CS) and chronic hypoxia (CH) can produce pulmonary hypertension. Similarities and differences between both exposures and their interaction have not been explored. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of CS and CH, as single factors or in combination, on the pulmonary circulation in ...
Baglin T - - 2011
See also Baglin T. Fifty per cent of patients with pulmonary embolism can be treated as outpatients. J Thromb Haemost 2010; 8: 2404-5; Girard P. Hemodynamic consequences of pulmonary embolism: a rebuttal. This issue, pp 412-3.
Zhang Renteng - - 2011
Reducing lung injury during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is important for patients' recovery. The present study was designed to research convenient and effective pulmonary artery perfusion mode during CPB in an animal model. Twelve healthy mongrel dogs were randomly divided into 2 groups: a control group and a perfusion group designed ...
Girard P - - 2011
See also Baglin T. Fifty per cent of patients with pulmonary embolism can be treated as outpatients. J Thromb Haemost 2010; 8: 2404-5; Baglin T. Hemodynamic consequences of pulmonary embolism: reply to a rebuttal. This issue, pp 413-4.
Lapointe Anie - - 2011
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn may occur with perinatal asphyxia, either because of direct effects of hypoxia/ischemia on pulmonary arterial function or indirectly because both are associated with meconium aspiration syndrome or perinatal sepsis/pneumonia. Therapies for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn have the potential to affect cerebral function ...
Watts John A - - 2011
Pulmonary embolism (PE) causes pulmonary hypertension by mechanical obstruction and constriction of non-obstructed vasculature. We tested if experimental PE impairs pulmonary vascular endothelium-dependent dilation via activation of arginase II. Experimental PE was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by infusing 25μm microspheres in the right jugular vein, producing moderate pulmonary hypertension. ...
Zeng Z Z Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 15261, - - 2011
Animal models provide a mechanism for fundamental studies of the coupling between hemodynamics and pathophysiology in diseases such as saccular aneurysms. In this work, we evaluated the capability of an elastase-induced saccular aneurysm model in rabbits to reproduce the anatomic and hemodynamic features typical for human intracranial aneurysms. Saccular aneurysms ...
Wideman Robert F RF - - 2011
Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is a disease of unknown cause that is characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance attributable to vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling of small pulmonary arteries. Vascular remodeling includes hypertrophy and hyperplasia of smooth muscle (medial hypertrophy) accompanied in up to 80% of ...
Safdar Zeenat - - 2011
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive, fatal disease characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure ≥25mmHg and normal pulmonary capillary wedge pressure ≤15mmHg. Physiological features of pulmonary arterial hypertension are characterized clinically by the presence of pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension not caused by other conditions such as lung diseases or chronic thromboembolic ...
Bass John L - - 2011
OBJECTIVES:: This study assessed the feasibility and efficacy of implanting a new miniaturized nitinol device to occlude the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in a newborn porcine model. BACKGROUND:: Transcatheter device closure is the standard of care for PDA in older children and adults. Currently available technology is not designed for ...
Turpie A G G - - 2011
Thromboembolic disorders are major causes of morbidity and mortality. It is well-recognised that the pathogenesis is different for arterial and venous thrombosis; however, both involve coagulation activation. Anticoagulants are used for the prevention and treatment of a wide variety of thromboembolic and related conditions. Agents with anti-inflammatory properties in addition ...
Chan Andrew L - - 2011
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a disease of the elderly with a mean age at presentation of 66 years. It is the most common type of idiopathic lung fibrosis, and the most lethal, with a median survival of 3 to 5 years after diagnosis. Abnormalities in fibroblast and humoral response mechanisms may ...
Onal Mehmet Bulent - - 2011
cerebral vasospasm (CVS) is one of the most considerable complications of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The aim of this study was to assess and to compare the ability of intrathecal dotarizine and nimodipine to prevent and treat vasospasm in a rabbit model of subarachnoid hemorrhage. thirty male New Zealand white rabbits ...
Vaglio Augusto - - 2011
Chronic periaortitis is characterized by a fibro-inflammatory process spreading from the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries. Originally, chronic periaortitis was considered a localized inflammatory response to severe aortic atherosclerosis. However, subsequent studies have shown that chronic periaortitis may also involve other arteries and present with features of auto-immune diseases. ...
Clevert D A - - 2011
Purpose: To evaluate neovascularisation within carotid atherosclerotic plaques with contrast enhanced ultrasound. Methods: We used contrast-enhanced ultrasound to examine 33 patients with carotid atherosclerotic plaques. Plaque size and echogenicity were analyzed and we correlated neovascularization within the plaques. Results: There were 41 atherosclerotic plaques, 27 plaques enhanced after the injection ...
Lazoura Olga - - 2011
ABSTRACT Purpose: To develop a new rabbit model of arterial stenosis using endovascular radiofrequency (RF) energy. Materials and Methods: Ten rabbits were used for multiple endovascular RF applications to the aorta and left common carotid artery through the Habib™ VesCoag™ catheter. Angiography and color Doppler ultrasound were used to assess ...
Civelek Erdinc - - 2011
the aim of this study was to assess and to compare the ability of intrathecal flunarizine and nimodipine to prevent vasospasm in a rabbit model of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). forty male New Zealand white rabbits were allocated into 5 groups randomly. The treatment groups were as follows: (1) control (no ...
Lefèvre Arnaud - - 2011
Patients with ulcerative colitis are at increased risk for venous thrombosis. We report herein the case of a 28-year-old woman who developed multiple intraabdominal venous thrombosis, including partial Budd-Chiari syndrome in association with intracranial venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism during the relapse of a known ulcerative colitis. Multidetector-row computed tomography ...
Skóra Jan - - 2011
In order to determine the processes arising during the healing in vascular grafts the following experiment was desinged in 16 dogs. The animals underwent implantation of unilateral bypass aorto-femoral (straight prosthesis from politetrafluoroethylrne--PTFE). After the 6 months all the animals sacrificed and vascular grafts were dissected and exam in electron ...
Dasari Papa - - 2011
A 30-year-old woman, para 2, who underwent an uneventful repeat elective lower segment caesarean section with sterilisation presented on the 23rd postnatal day to our Obstetric Emergency department with profuse bleeding per vaginum. She had a similar bout of bleeding on the 19th postnatal day and was treated elsewhere with ...
Chiang Terrance - - 2011
Stroke is the most common fatal neurological disease in the United States. The majority of strokes (88%) result from blockage of blood vessels in the brain (ischemic stroke). Since most ischemic strokes (~80%) occur in the territory of middle cerebral artery (MCA), many animal stroke models that have been developed ...
Blanco Ignacio - - 2011
Up to now alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) augmentation therapy has been approved only for commercial use in selected adults with severe AAT deficiency-related pulmonary emphysema (i.e. PI*ZZ genotypes as well as combinations of Z, rare and null alleles expressing AAT serum concentrations <11 μmol/L). However, the compassionate use of augmentation therapy ...
Moatti Zoe Z Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Barnet General Hospital, London, UK. - - 2011
A 29-year-old woman (gravida 1, para 1) had an uneventful first pregnancy and a delivery by emergency caesarean section at term. The caesarean section was complicated by a massive obstetric haemorrhage of 5000 ml. After closure, an immediate re-laparotomy was indicated due to heavy vaginal bleeding. The site of bleeding ...
Sharma Ankur M AM College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2011
Postpartum hemorrhage is a major cause of maternal mortality. Though uncommon, uterine artery pseudoaneurysm can follow uterine dilatation and curettage (D + C) and needs to be considered in the differential diagnosis. This 30-year-old G1P1 woman presented with right upper quadrant pain and vaginal bleeding. She was afebrile but her ...
Hiraki Takao T Takao Hiraki, Department of Radiology, Okayama University Medical School, Shikatacho 2-5-1, Okayama 700-8558, - - 2010
Dr. Takao Hiraki is a scientist carrying out interventional radiology research in the Department of Radiology at Okayama University Medical School, Japan. He has conducted animal and human clinical studies on interventional radiology for various conditions. For example, he clarified the hepatic hemodynamic changes caused by hepatic venous occlusion. He ...
Reynolds Paul N - - 2011
The management and understanding of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has undergone something of a revolution in the last 10 years, with new pharmacological agents entering routine clinical practice and significantly improving outcomes. Nevertheless many patients ultimately progress, and additional new treatment approaches are needed. There is now greater understanding of ...
Chaib E - - 2011
The swine is an essential model for carrying out preclinical research and for teaching complex surgical procedures. There is a lack of experimental models describing anatomical and surgical aspects of total pancreatectomy in the pig. The experiments were performed on 10 white male swine weighing 27-33 kg. The animals were ...
Schwartz Arthur E - - 2010
Hypothermia is known to provide neuroprotection from focal ischemia. However, lethal cardiovascular complications resulting from total body cooling have greatly restricted hypothermia as a therapy for stroke. This study determined whether selective cerebral cooling induced after reversible cerebral artery occlusion would decrease the infarct volume. Under general anesthesia, 8 baboons ...
Xavier S G - - 2011
Thrombotic complications are a main concern in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms. Recently, a gain-of-function mutation of the gene encoding the JAK2 tyrosine kinase that results in a valine-to-phenylalanine substitution at position 617 (V617F) has been described. Since the description of the JAK2-V617F mutation and its finding in patients with splanchnic ...
Bălăceanu Alice - - 2010
During the virus C infection the presence of cirrhosis is the major risk factor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. In the absence of cirrhosis the estimated prevalence hepatocellular carcinoma ranged from 6.7% to 50.1%. We present the case of a 64 year-old-man admitted to the hospital with 3-days history ...
Ryerson Lindsay M - - 2010
We present the clinical course and management of two infants with idiopathic infantile arterial calcification. Both had coronary artery involvement and presented with ischaemic cardiac failure. Neither responded well to conventional therapy with inotropic agents, glyceryl trinitrate, diuretic and mechanical ventilation, nor to short-term biphosphonates. One was treated with levosimendan ...
Detering Sabine M - - 2011
Central venous lines are of particular importance in seriously ill children that require parenteral nutrition, chemotherapy, or other medications. The jugular or subclavian veins are ordinarily used for primary access. Alternatives include the femoral veins, the intercostal veins, and transhepatic approaches. If the use of these standard sites of placement ...
de Oliveira Ivanilson Alves - - 2011
Experimental saccular aneurysms can be created with surgical techniques of the arterial wall or by injecting pancreatic elastase. Papain is an enzyme with properties similar to those of elastase, and it has not been tested for this purpose. The objective of this study was to determine whether papain produces saccular ...
Zwirner Kerstin - - 2010
In acute liver failure (ALF) hyperammonemia plays a mayor role in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) but does not always correlate with the severity of mental deterioration and intracranial pressure (ICP). The aim of our study was to evaluate the association with extracellular brain ammonia, ICP and the therapeutical ...
Bai Yuan - - 2010
Pulmonary regurgitation leads to progressive right ventricular dysfunction, susceptibility to arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. Percutaneous valve replacement has been developed in recent years, providing patients with an alternative option. Percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement has been recently introduced into clinical practice. The goal of this study was to evaluate the ...
Rasmussen Randall L - - 2010
Tunneled dialysis catheters (TDC) become dysfunctional because of placement problems, infection, thrombosis, and fibrin sheath formation. Occasional patients who are catheter dependant develop frequent catheter dysfunction because of thrombosis or thrombosis associated with fibrin sheath formation. This article attempts to define which dysfunctional catheters because of thrombosis and thrombosis associated ...
Kundu Somenath - - 2010
Arteriovenous malformations of the lung are rare pulmonary vascular disorders which can suddenly lead to life threatening complications. Haemothorax due to rupture of a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is very rare. We report here a case of a 39 year-old lady who presented with an acute onset of shortness of ...
Kansal Mayank M - - 2011
In patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy and dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstructions, an additional fixed obstruction may uncommonly coexist. In these situations, flow through the aortic valve is usually delayed but typically still throughout the entire ejection period. We describe a case of marked reduction in aortic flow during ...
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