Search Results
Results 251 - 290 of 290
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Granström L - - 1984
Patients with incurable carcinoma of the esophagus or the cardia have a miserable life, without being able to swallow and with a risk for pulmonary complications secondary to aspiration of secretion from the esophagus. All efforts should be made to give these patients relief from dysphagia. Our experience indicates that ...
Pingleton S K - - 1983
Acute respiratory failure is frequently fatal. Attempts to decrease mortality must include attention to pulmonary and extrapulmonary complications. Pulmonary complications include pulmonary emboli, barotrauma, fibrosis, and pneumonia. Swan-Ganz catheters, tracheal intubation, and mechanical ventilation can also result in pulmonary complications. Extra-pulmonary complications such as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, renal failure, infection, and ...
Warlick M A - - 1983
In 26 patients with culture-proved pulmonary coccidioidomycosis, cytologic preparations of respiratory secretions were significantly more sensitive (38.5%) than potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparations (15.4%) in identifying spherules of Coccidioides immitis. Those patients able to produce sputum or having multiple-lobe pneumonitis on chest roentgenogram appeared to be more likely to have spherules ...
Gephardt G N - - 1983
A case of pulmonary vasculitis (Wegener's granulomatosis) is reported in which immunoperoxidase studies demonstrated that the vascular lymphoid infiltrates were composed predominantly of T cells and monocytes. Occasional T cells, B cells and monocytes were identified in the alveolar septa. IgG, IgA, IgM, and C3 were not identified in pulmonary ...
Del Campo C - - 1982
The most recent statistics clearly show that the incidence of amebiasis in Canada has increased progressively over the past 10 years. The authors review the incidence, pathophysiology and management of thoracic complications of amebiasis, including the experience from endemic countries. Complications include amebic liver abscess, best treated with metronidazole, and ...
Hurwitz S S - - 1982
Two patients with ankylosing spondylitis and fibrocavitating pulmonary disease are described. This rare extra-articular complication of spondylitis is briefly discussed.
Wirén J E - - 1982
The clinical consequences of postoperative complications as defined by signs and symptoms, chest radiography and measurements of the arterial oxygen tension were studied in 53 men, aged 40-75, who were electively operated for peptic ulcer or gallbladder disease. Clinical signs of a respiratory complication were detected in 4 patients. Of ...
Zeltner T B - - 1982
We present the morphological features of a case of fatal pulmonary granulomatosis from illicit intravenous injections of microcrystalline cellulose derived from pentazocine tablets. Extensive foreign body granulomas were found in the lumena and walls of pulmonary vessels and in the pulmonary interstitium. Previously unreported gaps containing foreign material were found ...
Pingleton S K - - 1982
The adult respiratory distress syndrome is frequently fatal. Attempts to decrease mortality must include attention to pulmonary and extrapulmonary complications of this syndrome. Pulmonary complications include pulmonary emboli, barotrauma, fibrosis, and pneumonia. Mechanical ventilation, Swan-Ganz catheters, and tracheal intubation also result in pulmonary complications. Extrapulmonary complications such as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, ...
Britton J C - - 1981
Large granulomas (greater than 2 millimeters in diameter), stimulated by the presence of and formed around necrotic larval tissue in the inner demibranchs of Corbicula fluminea, are eliminated by autotomy. Granulocytes invade and destroy ctenidial epithelium adjacent to the granuloma, causing it and the granuloma to slough away into the ...
Potgieter P D - - 1981
Postoperative pulmonary complications, the most common of which are atelectasis and pneumonia, are due largely to the pathophysiological effects on the lungs of anaesthesia and surgery as well as pre-existing disease, in particular chronic obstructive airways disease (COAD). Pre-operative assessment, including pulmonary function tests, will allow the prediction of the ...
Tomashefski J F JF - - 1981
Four persons had extensive pulmonary granulomatosis from intravenous injections of cellulose derived from tablets intended for oral consumption. Three of these persons were known abusers of pentazocine (Talwin). The principal vascular lesion induced by cellulose is thrombosis. Destruction of arterial elastic laminae and pulmonary vascular dilation commonly ensue. Two of ...
Wirén J E - - 1981
The incidence of postoperative chest X-ray abnormalities, arterial hypoxemia and clinically recorded pulmonary complications was studied in fifty-two 40-75-year-old men admitted for elective surgery for peptic ulcer or gallbladder disease. Twenty-eight (54%) patients had an abnormal chest X-ray and twenty-three (43%) arterial hypoxemia, whereas only four patients (8%) were identified ...
Catlin F I - - 1981
The incidence of pulmonary complications of tonsillectomy is very low today in comparison to the early part of the 20th Century. Much of the credit belongs to Samuel Crowe and his colleagues who demonstrated that pulmonary complications could be prevented by the use of improved instrumentation and techniques which were ...
Kortleve J W - - 1980
Two patients have been documented in whom a preexisting left ventricular aneurysm became complicated by myocardial abscess. Presumptive clinical diagnoses of infected pulmonary infarction and recurrent myocardial infarction were made. In each instance the abscess was revealed at necropsy. Histologic studies suggested that the abscess had occurred through direct spread ...
Wright R N - - 1980
Pulmonary mucormycosis (Phycomycetes) is an uncommon fungus infection complicating diabetes mellitus, leukemia, lymphoma, and other debilitating diseases. A review of the literature revealed that of 21 diabetic patients in whom Phycomycetes occurred without underlying malignancy, only 7 survived. These 7 underwent operation. This report concerns another patient with pulmonary mucormycosis ...
Khan F A - - 1980
Eighteen well-documented cases of pulmonary gangrene as a complication of bacterial pulmonary infections have been reported in the literature. These infections were due to Klebsiellapneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Hemophilus influenzae. We describe four patients with pulmonary tuberculosis who developed pulmonary gangrene. Vascular thrombosis and arteritis were found in three of ...
Collins W J - - 1979
A case of pulmonary vasculitis complicating ulcerative colitis is presented, and the literature is reviewed. Unexplained pulmonary problems complicating severe ulcerative colitis should prompt a review of rare etiologies to include pulmonary vasculitis, apical pulmonary fibrosis, and salicylazosulfapyridine-induced lung disease. Lung biopsy will establish a diagnosis of pulmonary vasculitis.
Desai R A - - 1979
Three cases of primary intrathoracic amyloidosis are reported. Two of these three patients initially had localized parenchymal pulmonary amyloid tumors (or pulmonary amyloidomas). The third patient developed bilateral enlargement of the hilar lymph nodes as a manifestation of primary amyloidosis. These rare manifestations of primary amyloidosis are illustrated, and their ...
Heisterberg L - - 1979
Blow-bottles were compared with conventional postoperative pulmonary physiotherapy in a randomized trial of 98 patients undergoing gastric or biliary tract surgery. Radiological evidence of postoperative pulmonary lesions found by "blind" evaluation of the films occurred with the same frequency in the two groups (30.6%). Blow-bottles were found preferable to physiotherapy ...
Rowe L D - - 1979
Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy with multiplanar fluoroscopic control is shown to be effective in the transbronchial drainage of pulmonary abscesses. A new technique which permits the intracavitary placement of brush forceps and fine arterial catheters is described. This has facilitated the rapid defervescence of fever and established immediate endobronchial drainage. Seventy ...
Alford B A - - 1978
Eight patients are presented who demonstrate many of the pulmonary complications seen in the prune-belly syndrome. The patients are divided into two major groups: Group I includes pulmonary hypoplasia; Group II includes lobar atelectasis and pneumonia. The etiology, pathogenesis, and radiographic features of these complications are discussed. Pulmonary complications become ...
Au F C - - 1978
BCG administered by the multiple-puncture technique has been used in a prospective, randomized study of the adjuvant treatment of patients with osteogenic sarcoma. Pulmonary granulomas were found in the lungs of four of five patients receiving BCG, that underwent thoracotomy for the diagnosis of pulmonary nodules within three weeks of ...
Singh G - - 1978
This article describes a case of lymphomatoid granulomatosis without active pulmonary involvement of stigmata of healed granulomatous lesions in the lungs. The patient had ischemic segmental colitis due to mesenteric arterial intimal fibrosis, which we interpreted as spontaneously regressed granulomatous involvement of the mesentery. The report deals with the lack ...
Ishikawa K - - 1978
Fifty-four Japanese patients with occlusive thromboaortopathy (OTAP), including four males, were classified according to evidence of complications attributed to OTAP at the time when the diagnosis was established: Group I, uncomplicated OTAP with or without the involvement of the pulmonary artery. Group II, mono-complicated OTAP: presence of a single complication ...
Yoshida T - - 1977
Ten of 40 patients who underwent major thoracic or abdominal operations developed postoperative pulmonary complications, consisting of six massive atelectasis, three pneumonias and one edema. They were mostly thoracotomy cases and cigarette smokers. Many of these complications would have been prevented, if reliable pulmonary function tests are available to predict ...
Sanders J S - - 1977
Four patients with pulmonary blastomycosis are reported. Their bronchial washings, submitted for cytologic evaluation and stained by the standard Papanicolau technique, yielded the diagnosis, subsequently confirmed by cultural identification of the fungus. In three additional cases, retrospective evaluation of cytologic material also revealed the organism, even though the diagnostic significance ...
Brown J F JF - - 1977
An ominous prognosis is associated with combined pulmonary and rhinocerebral mucormycosis (phycomycosis). We report the case of a diabetic patient with ketoacidosis who had extensive pulmonary and rhinocerebral mucormycosis that responded satisfactorily to amphotericin B and griseofulvin therapy. The affected lung is completely atelectatic and has remained so for 12 ...
Baylis H I - - 1977
The Wies procedure may be complicated by an overcorrection, which is in effect a cicatricial ectropion. Four cases of such a complication are presented. The mechanism of an overcorrection is related to the level of the incision in the lid and to the suture placement. Correction of this complication primarily ...
Kangarloo H - - 1977
The spectrum of pulmonary complications in 28 of 66 burn victims is analyzed according to time of onset and resultant radiographic features. Immediately recognizable pulmonary abnormalities are usually due to chemical pulmonary edema and inhalation pneumonitis. Complications manifested 2-5 days after injury include pulmonary microembolism, adult respiratory distress syndrome, and ...
Wheatley I C - - 1977
The effectiveness of three current regimes of preoperative respiratory care in reducing postoperative respiratory complications following herniorrhaphy was studied prospectively. No smoking for five days plus intensive physiotherapy, five days no smoking, and routine hospital admission two days preoperatively were the regimes. Clinical, bacteriological, chest X-ray, blood gas and respiratory ...
Hsu J T - - 1976
A 40-year-old man had a pathologically proved limited form of Wegener's granulomatosis complicating recurrent and massive hemoptysis from his cavitary pulmonary lesion. Of significant interest and clinical importance is the unusual location of the patient's pulmonary lesion, occurring in the posterior segment of the right upper lobe. This experience demonstrates ...
Eng A M - - 1976
A generalized form of primary cutaneous amyloidosis was found in two siblings when microscopic examination was carried out on areas of scattered hypopigmentation. Multiple biopsies from different sites of the skin suggested that the pigmentary disorder was probably a process independent of the amyloidosis. One of the siblings died of ...
Breznock A W - - 1975
Coccidioidomycosis was diagnosed after necropsy of a young adult male rhesus monkey obtained from El Paso, Tx. Clinical signs were confined to the respiratory tract and included tachypnea and dyspnea. Radiographic findings included multiple air-filled cavities and evidence of severe diffuse pulmonary disease. Pathologic changes were confined to the respiratory ...
Connors J P - - 1975
A major indication for bronchoscopy in patients with pulmonary abscess is the need to establish adequate drainage. Often, associated bronchial swelling precludes direct entry into the cavity with standard suctioning devices. Satisfactory drainage may require numerous bronchoscopic procedures, prolonging hospitalization and subjecting the patient to the complications of pyogenic pulmonary ...
Gelfand E T - - 1974
The cases are described of two patients with pulmonary eosinophilic granuloma who presented with spontaneous pneumothorax. Prolonged air leak and recurrence of the pneumothorax after initial re-expansion of the lung occurred in both patients. In one of the patients the pneumothorax was simultaneously bilateral and almost complete.Thoracotomy, with aggressive and ...
Moore V L - - 1973
The role of local pulmonary delayed hypersensitivity in accelerated pulmonary granuloma formation was investigated using cortisone acetate, an immunosuppressive drug that appears to preferentially eliminate committed lymphocytes at appropriate doses. Data are presented showing that cortisone acetate suppressed local pulmonary delayed hypersensitivity at the time of and subsequent to challenge ...
Moore V L - - 1973
The specificity of Bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG)-induced accelerated pulmonary granuloma formation has been evaluated in rabbits by cross sensitization-challenge experiments by using another granulomagenic organism, Corynebacterium granulosum. BCG-sensitized rabbits responded to challenge with homologous but not heterologous antigen, indicating that BCG-induced accelerated granuloma formation displays specificity characteristic of immunological reactions. ...
Moore V L - - 1972
The role of cord factor in BCG-induced pulmonary granulomas and local pulmonary delayed hypersensitivity (DH) was evaluated. Cord factor did not induce pulmonary granulomas comparable to those induced by killed BCG. The compound did not induce pulmonary DH that could be elicited by itself, purified protein derivative, or BCG. Cord ...
Moore, V. L.
The role of cord factor in BCG-induced pulmonary granulomas and local pulmonary delayed hypersensitivity (DH) was evaluated. Cord factor did not induce pulmonary granulomas comparable to those induced by killed BCG. The compound did not induce pulmonary DH that could be elicited by itself, purified protein derivative, or BCG. Cord ...
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