Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 319
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Spinello Irene M - - 2008
Coccidioidal infection can manifest as pulmonary or extrapulmonary disease. Pulmonary coccidioidomycosis occurs in 95% of all cases and can be divided into three main categories: primary, complicated, and residual pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. The primary infection occurs with inhalation of airborne arthroconidia. As few as 10 arthroconidia are capable of causing an ...
Yagi Shin-Ichi - - 2008
Recently, ultra-thin bronchoscopy has made it possible to observe smaller bronchi not visualized using standard techniques. We describe a case of pulmonary mucormycosis with cavitation, diagnosed using an ultra-thin bronchoscope. A 15-year-old girl with acute myeloid leukaemia had taken oral prednisolone, 60 mg/day, for graft versus host disease after haematopoietic ...
Tilluckdharry Lisa - - 2008
Thalidomide has regained value in the multimodality treatment of leprosy, multiple myeloma, prostate, ovarian and renal cancer. Complications related to arterial and venous complications are well described. However, pulmonary complications remain relatively uncommon. The most common pulmonary side-effect reported is non-specific dyspnea. We report a patient with multiple myeloma, who ...
Mistiaen Wilhelm - - 2008
QUESTION: What factors predict postoperative pulmonary and pleural complications following aortic valve replacement? DESIGN: Retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand consecutive patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with a pericardial valve between 1986 and 2006. Of these, 610 underwent also coronary artery surgery. OUTCOME MEASURES: Thirty putative predictors were investigated. Postoperative ...
Venner Monica - - 2009
The prophylactic application of azithromycin to prevent pulmonary abscesses in foals was evaluated on a stud with endemic Rhodococcus equi pneumonia. Forty-five foals served as untreated controls in two groups. Twenty-five foals were given azithromycin (10mg/kg) orally once daily for 4 weeks. The foals were examined once a week from ...
Aerni Michelle R - - 2008
Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon cause of interstitial lung disease. Corticosteroids and chemotherapeutic agents are frequently used to treat symptomatic patients but their efficacy is unclear. We describe a 66-year-old with biopsy-proven pulmonary and systemic LCH, whose pulmonary abnormalities responded dramatically to treatment with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA). We ...
Li Jungang - - 2007
The acute pulmonary toxicity induced by 3-nm TiO(2) primary particles was preliminary investigated after they were intratracheally instilled at doses of 0.4, 4 and 40mg/kg into lungs of mice. The biochemical parameters in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and pathological examination were used as endpoints to assess their pulmonary toxicity at ...
Turner D R - - 2007
Untreated thoracic aortic coarctation leads to early death predominantly because of hypertension and its cardiovascular sequelae. Surgical treatment has been available for > 50 years and has improved hypertension and survival. More recently, endovascular techniques have offered a minimally invasive alternative to traditional open repair. Early and intermediate results suggest angioplasty ...
Nguyen Elsie T - - 2007
The aim of this manuscript is to summarize an approach to the differential diagnosis of the pulmonary complications of illicit drug use based on the computed tomography findings. The various pulmonary complications of illicit drug use result in 5 main patterns of parenchymal abnormality: nodules, ground-glass opacities, consolidation, air trapping, ...
Berry Mark F - - 2007
Thoracoscopic strategies are becoming increasingly utilized in the management of patients with thoracic disease processes, including primary pulmonary malignancy, secondary pulmonary malignancy, granulomatous lung disease, and pleural processes. Although minimally invasive approaches have been demonstrated to improve outcomes and reduce complications, as compared to the conventional approach, the prevention, early ...
Balkhy Husam H - - 2007
: Autonomic ganglionated plexi (GP) in fat pads near the pulmonary veins may contribute to initiation and maintenance atrial fibrillation (AF). We attempted to localize these plexi in a canine model, and evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation in eliminating their vagal reflexes. : 8 Mongrel dogs (25-31 kg), underwent ...
Freitas E R F S - - 2007
Following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), the main causes of postoperative morbidity and mortality are postoperative pulmonary complications, respiratory dysfunction and arterial hypoxemia. Incentive spirometry is a treatment technique that uses a mechanical device (an incentive spirometer) to reduce such pulmonary complications during postoperative care. To assess the effects of ...
Lorenz Jonathan M - - 2006
For patients dependent on permanent venous catheters for survival, the progressive loss of venous access sites should prompt a systematic approach to alternative sites and techniques to maximize patient survival and minimize complications. Interventional radiologists should be familiar with the appropriate use of both conventional and unconventional types of venous ...
Gregory N G - - 2006
Previous work in calves indicated that ballooning of the severed arteries is a potential concern in animals receiving a reversible stun before slaughter, and in animals not stunned before slaughter, as it could extend the duration of brain function before the animals die. This study determined the prevalence of ballooning ...
Schmidt W A - - 2006
Three patients-two with Wegener's granulomatosis and one with an overlap syndrome of rheumatoid vasculitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and antiphospholipid syndrome-are described. All patients experienced a sudden onset of Raynaud's phenomenon or acrocyanosis when they had a flare of their disease. Ultrasonography (US) showed dark (hypoechoic) arteries without colour signals, resembling ...
Maramattom Boby Varkey - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: There are no data on pulmonary complications in an selected population of patients with intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH). At present, most data is extrapolated from series of patients with stroke that combine patients with both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency, types ...
Deleu Dirk - - 2005
A 32-year-old man presented with left hemifacial spasm. Neurophysiological findings revealed an absent ipsilateral R1 on blink reflex. An MRI showed a dolichoectatic left vertebral artery impinging on the root exit zone of the left facial nerve. Botulinum toxin infections relieved the manifestations of hemifacial spasm. This case demonstrates that ...
Cordier Jean-François - - 2005
Amyloidosis is defined by tissue deposits of amyloid, a proteic substance with a characteristic spatial structure of beta-sheet fibrils assembled into bundles. This structure results in specific staining with Congo red dye, with green birefringence under polarized light microscope. AL amyloid forms from amyloidogenic immunoglobulins produced by clonal plasma cells. ...
Shoda Hirofumi - - 2005
Wegener's granulomatosis with eosinophilia both in blood and tissue samples has been rarely reported. A 25-year-old woman developed fever, granulomatous inflammation of nasal mucosa, pulmonary hemorrhage, suprascleritis, and cutaneous vasculitis. She showed eosinophilia in blood and biospy samples of skin, nasal mucosa, and lung. She was positive for proteinase 3-antineutrophil ...
Said Gérard - - 2005
Necrotizing vasculitis occurs as a primary phenomenon in connective tissue disorders and cognate fields, including polyarteritis nodosa and the Churg and Strauss syndrome variant, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus and Wegener's granulomatosis. In all these conditions focal and multifocal neuropathy occur as a consequence of destruction of the arterial wall and ...
Zhang J G - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study on the correlation between preoperative pulmonary function tests, preoperative pulmonary symptoms, and postoperative pulmonary complications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of immediate postoperative pulmonary complications and their correlation to pulmonary function tests, preoperative pulmonary symptoms, and surgical approaches. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The pulmonary function ...
Eikenberry Mark - - 2005
We sought, in children after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), (1) to determine the natural history and incidence of pulmonary complications, (2) to evaluate the diagnostic yield of fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL); and (3) to determine the effect of bronchoscopy with lavage on patient outcome. The study design was ...
Vicente M P - - 2004
Tuberous sclerosis is a neurocutaneous syndrome involving many tissues. Pulmonary involvement is rare. Pulmonary cases are usually women of child-bearing age who present with spontaneous pneumothorax or progressive dyspnea. In childhood and, even more, in male patients, pulmonary involvement by tuberous sclerosis is exceptional. We report on a 4-year-old male ...
Fang Wentao - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary complications are a major component of morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy, and have not been well studied after extended lymphadenectomy. METHODS: Four hundred forty-one patients underwent three-field lymph node dissection and were retrospectively reviewed. Pulmonary complications developed in 32 patients (7.3%) and resulted in 11 deaths (34.4% of ...
Wah T M - - 2003
Pulmonary complications account for significant morbidity and mortality in patients following bone marrow transplants (BMT). They are distinct from other immunosuppressed patients in that there is a predictable course of immunosuppresion and therefore of likely pulmonary complications. This is important when interpreting abnormal radiology as the predictable time course will ...
Oddo Mauro - - 2003
The antibiotic minocycline, which is used in the treatment of acne, has been associated with various pulmonary complications such as pulmonary lupus and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. We now report a particularly severe case of minocycline-related pulmonary toxicity that was characterized by a relapsing form of hypersensitivity eosinophilic pneumonia complicated by acute ...
Li Mu-Chun - - 2003
We report a case of amyloidosis localized to the medium-sized arteries of the face and presenting as prominent perioral swelling. The condition was identified as primary AL-type amyloidosis on the basis of immunohistochemical reactivity, predominantly for anti-lambda light chain antibody within amyloid deposits. Subsequent radiographic and laboratory evaluation of the ...
Barretto Simone N SN Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2002
Relapsing polychondritis is an uncommon disease of unknown etiology, usually manifested by inflammatory changes of cartilaginous tissues. Cardiovascular complications are rare but have been associated with adverse prognosis. Aortitis, vasculitis of large- and medium-sized arteries with aneurysm formation, valvulitis, pericarditis, and atrioventricular conduction disturbances have been reported as late complications ...
McClain Kenneth L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary involvement with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH, formerly known as histiocytosis-X) presents as an interstitial process in children and adults either with or without symptoms. In contrast to other manifestations of LCH, most patients with pulmonary disease are adults. PROCEDURES: We reviewed the literature on pulmonary LCH to determine ...
Simonds Anita K - - 2002
Pulmonary complications including chest infections, atelectasis, pulmonary hypoplasia and ventilatory failure are the leading cause of death in the muscular dystrophies and atrophies. Ventilatory insufficiency is virtually inevitable in Duchenne muscular dystrophy and type 1 spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), but more variable in limb-girdle, congenital, and facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. A ...
Khurshid I - - 2002
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a successful and recognised treatment option for patients with a number of haematological and non-haematological malignant and non-malignant conditions. Pulmonary complications both infectious and non-infectious are common after BMT. Multiple factors are thought to contribute to pulmonary complications, including the type and duration of immunological ...
de Roux-Serratrice Christine - - 2002
We describe a 47-year-old man who successively presented atheromatous coronary artery disease, cholesterol embolism after angioplasty, periaortitis with presence of c-ANCA, and finally typical pulmonary lesions caused by Wegener's granulomatosis. This case illustrates the link between atheromatous and inflammatory process and emphasizes that periaortitis may be a feature of Wegener's ...
Carucci J A - - 2001
Botulinum A exotoxin, derived from the gram-positive anaerobe Clostridium botulinum, has proven to be safe and effective in the temporary treatment of facial rhytides. In order to obtain reproducible results and avoid complications, it is necessary to understand the relevant physiology and anatomic relationships. Technical considerations including injection technique, dilution, ...
Bernstrand C - - 2000
Two patients with childhood Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) (aged 2 and 6 y at diagnosis) in whom pulmonary involvement was diagnosed in adulthood, 23 and 12 y later, respectively, are presented. In each patient, smoking preceded the diagnosis of pulmonary involvement by 3 y, providing further evidence that smoking is ...
Schuller D - - 2000
Pulmonary complications are common after coronary artery bypass grafting. Identifying those individuals with increased risk of respiratory complications allows for appropriate preoperative intervention. The most commonly seen pulmonary complications include pleural effusion, hemothorax, atelectasis, pulmonary edema, diaphragmatic dysfunction, and pneumonia. Clinical features and appropriate management of these common problems are ...
Huaringa A J - - 2000
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has proved valuable in the diagnosis of pulmonary complications in immunosuppressed patients. We evaluated the diagnostic yield of BAL in pulmonary complications in bone marrow transplantation (BMT) recipients. We reviewed sequentially the records of 89 patients during an 18-month period. BAL was diagnostic in 42 patients (47%). ...
Liu M F - - 2000
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may be complicated with serious cerebrovascular accidents and pulmonary alveolar haemorrhage. The authors report an autopsy-proven angioinvasive zygomycosis in a patient with SLE. The clinical features of systemic zygomycosis in this patient masqueraded as SLE-related stroke and pulmonary haemorrhage. The case demonstrates that the ...
Chadow H L - - 1999
Since the introduction of pulmonary artery catheterization for hemodynamic monitoring, several complications associated with its use have been described. Pulmonary artery rupture is an infrequent complication of flow-directed pulmonary artery catheters. We report a case of pulmonary artery rupture complicating rescue PTCA in the presence of systemic platelet inhibition with ...
Kremer M J - - 1998
Postoperative pulmonary complications most often involve atelectasis followed by pneumonia and arterial hypoxemia. The severity of these complications is related to the decreases that occur in vital capacity and functional residual capacity. Astute anesthetists can prospectively identify patients and surgical procedures likely to be associated with pulmonary complications. Upper abdominal ...
Simpson F G - - 1998
Pulmonary haemorrhage as a manifestation of leptospirosis is rarely diagnosed in developed countries. Five patients with proven leptospirosis associated with severe pulmonary haemorrhage presented to one hospital in Far North Queensland between January 1994 and June 1997. Four required admission to the intensive care unit and one patient died. Pulmonary ...
Kasuga I - - 1998
We describe a rare case of pulmonary blastoma complicated with systemic sclerosis. The serum alpha-fetoprotein level was elevated at presentation and the biopsied tumour stained positively against anti-alpha-fetoprotein antibody. The alpha-fetoprotein produced autonomously by tumour cells was of yolk-sac origin. Although the pathogenesis of pulmonary blastoma has not been clarified, ...
Zatloukal P - - 1998
We present a case of AL-type amyloidosis involving pulmonary parenchyma and hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes in a patient with Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Direct infiltration of pulmonary parenchyma by lymphocytes and plasma cells is an important factor in the etiology and pathogenesis of pulmonary manifestations of the disease. Despite detailed examination, ...
Kirchner J - - 1998
Primary pulmonary amyloidosis is a rare disorder that appears in three forms: tracheobronchial, nodular parenchymal, and diffuse parenchymal. We report the case of a 46-year-old women with extensive tracheobronchial amyloidosis which presented with a 2-year history of dyspnea and with signs of severe fixed obstruction in pulmonary function tests. Computed ...
Raudat C W - - 1996
Pneumoscrotum occurred in a 53-year-old man as a complication after pulmonary resection for carcinoma. Recognition of this entity and its conservative management are crucial to a positive outcome and prevention of unnecessary interventions based on the differential diagnosis. A review of the literature is included with this description of an ...
Zuckerman D A - - 1996
PURPOSE: To examine the safety of pulmonary angiography with low-osmolar contrast material and modern angiographic techniques and to analyze periprocedural complications with respect to potential predictors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of data from 547 consecutive patients who underwent pulmonary angiography. Minor and major complications were analyzed ...
Okten A - - 1996
Pulmonary involvement of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon but important cause of pulmonary fibrosis and honeycombing in young adults. Rarely, pulmonary LCH may be complicated by spontaneous pneumothorax. It may be isolated or associated with multiple organ involvement. We describe here a case of LCH with diabetes insipidus, ...
Aoki N - - 1995
Wegener's granulomatosis is a distinct clinicopathologic entity characterized by granulomatous vasculitis of the upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys. A 56-year-old Japanese man with Wegener's granulomatosis died of intraperitoneal hemorrhage from a ruptured aneurysm of his left gastric artery. Histological findings revealed necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis involving this artery. No ...
O'Donnell A E - - 1995
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In earlier years, nonopportunistic infectious pulmonary complications of illicit drug use were most common. We designed this study to update the pulmonary complications associated with illicit drug use in the 1990s. DESIGN: Concurrent and retrospective chart review. SETTING: Inner-city municipal hospital. PATIENTS: All illicit drug users with pulmonary ...
Hsu H S - - 1995
Pulmonary gangrene is a rare complication of severe pulmonary infection in which a pulmonary segment or lobe is sloughed. In the English literature, pulmonary gangrene secondary to bacterial infection is uncommon, and fewer to other etiologies. Characteristic roentgen patterns of a mass within a cavity is the hallmark of this ...
Schulz C - - 1995
Pulmonary and laryngeal manifestations of localized and organ-limited amyloidosis are sometimes seen, although pulmonary and laryngeotracheal amyloidosis are not always associated. Diagnosis can only be established histologically by the characteristic green birefringence in polarized light after Congo red staining and by immunohistochemical techniques. We describe the case of a 77-year-old ...
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