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Results 201 - 250 of 332
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Soubani Ayman O - - 2010
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an established treatment for a variety of malignant and nonmalignant conditions. Pulmonary complications, infectious and noninfectious, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. The recent advances in prophylaxis and treatment of infectious complications increased the significance of noninfectious pulmonary conditions. ...
Swailam Salwa - - 2010
Background: Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) is a fast-growing technology that permits a non-invasive, yet reliable, assessment of coronary atherosclerosis. We sought to explore the diagnostic accuracy of MSCT angiography in the detection of significant stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) in a series of patients with an intermediate ...
Swamy Brighu N BN From the *Sydney Eye Hospital and †Save Sight Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia; and ‡Retina Associates, Chatswood, New South Wales, - - 2010
To report 2 cases of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) that occurred within 24 hours of routine phacoemulsification cataract surgery using peribulbar anesthesia. Case 1: An otherwise well 76-year-old woman with right pseudoexfoliation syndrome and bilateral open angle glaucoma presented with right visual acuity of counting fingers on the first ...
Touw Catharina M L - - 2010
Touw CML, van de Ven AA, de Jong PA, Terheggen-Lagro S, Beek E, Sanders EAM, van Montfrans JM. Detection of pulmonary complications in common variable immunodeficiency. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2010: 21: 793-805. (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S Pulmonary complications are frequently observed in common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). We ...
Ruparelia Neil - - 2011
Migration of retained fractured pacemaker electrodes to the pulmonary artery is a rare but recognised complication. It is imperative that if this occurs the electrode is removed from this position due to the increased risk of associated infection and thrombus formation. Historically open surgery has been required to manage this ...
Chien J W - - 2010
Early non-infectious pulmonary complications represent a significant cause of mortality after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We tested the hypothesis that oral beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) is effective for preventing early non-infectious pulmonary complications after allogeneic HCT. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 120 patients, 60 in each treatment arm, to ...
Caceres Manuel - - 2009
Talc-induced pulmonary granulomatosis is an unusual condition resulting from the intravenous administration of medications intended for oral use. A patient with this condition who presented with a spontaneous tension pneumothorax is reported. Although the radiographic findings of a diffuse reticulonodular pattern are typical, this patient was found to have diffuse, ...
Yazkan Rasih - - 2009
Post-traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst is an uncommon cavitary lesion of the lung, which generally develops after blunt chest trauma. We saw a 22-year-old man with chest trauma, hemopneumothorax, and hemoptysis, on the day he fell from an electrical pylon. Intubation in the emergency department was followed by 4 days of mechanical ...
Jackson Benjamin M - - 2009
Since its first implementation in patients in 1991, endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms has gained wide acceptance and availability. This development has been fueled in great part by advances in stent-graft design and by a variety of devices for various anatomic features. This commentary will summarize some of ...
Balbir-Gurman Alexandra - - 2009
Pulmonary nodulosis and sterile pleural exudates are well-known extra-articular manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis patients with a positive rheumatoid factor. In some patients, treatment with methotrexate has been postulated as the trigger of these complications. We report a patient with psoriatic arthropathy, negative RF, negative anticyclic citrulinated peptide antibodies but positive ...
Evans D C - - 2009
Care for the critically ill patient requires maintenance of adequate tissue perfusion/oxygenation. Continuous hemodynamic monitoring is frequently utilized to achieve these objectives. Pulmonary artery catheters (PAC) allow measurement of hemodynamic variables that cannot be measured reliably or continuously by less invasive means. Inherent to every medical intervention are risks associated ...
Allen Timothy Craig - - 2008
CONTEXT: Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis is the most common and best known pulmonary histiocytic lesion; however, the realm of pulmonary histiocytic lesions also includes an assortment of uncommon diseases that may exhibit pulmonary involvement. OBJECTIVE: To review pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis and other pulmonary histiocytoses to better ensure correct diagnosis ...
Erdur BarĊŸ - - 2008
We evaluated the frequency, etiologic factors, outcome, and the comorbid conditions affecting the morbidity and mortality of pulmonary complications in acute childhood leukemia. Sixty-six (40.4%) out of 163 patients developed 79 pulmonary complications. Infectious etiology was the leading cause (92.4%). The most identified infectious agents were Gram (-) bacteria, followed ...
Spinello Irene M - - 2008
Coccidioidal infection can manifest as pulmonary or extrapulmonary disease. Pulmonary coccidioidomycosis occurs in 95% of all cases and can be divided into three main categories: primary, complicated, and residual pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. The primary infection occurs with inhalation of airborne arthroconidia. As few as 10 arthroconidia are capable of causing an ...
Yagi Shin-Ichi - - 2008
Recently, ultra-thin bronchoscopy has made it possible to observe smaller bronchi not visualized using standard techniques. We describe a case of pulmonary mucormycosis with cavitation, diagnosed using an ultra-thin bronchoscope. A 15-year-old girl with acute myeloid leukaemia had taken oral prednisolone, 60 mg/day, for graft versus host disease after haematopoietic ...
Tilluckdharry Lisa - - 2008
Thalidomide has regained value in the multimodality treatment of leprosy, multiple myeloma, prostate, ovarian and renal cancer. Complications related to arterial and venous complications are well described. However, pulmonary complications remain relatively uncommon. The most common pulmonary side-effect reported is non-specific dyspnea. We report a patient with multiple myeloma, who ...
Mistiaen Wilhelm - - 2008
QUESTION: What factors predict postoperative pulmonary and pleural complications following aortic valve replacement? DESIGN: Retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand consecutive patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with a pericardial valve between 1986 and 2006. Of these, 610 underwent also coronary artery surgery. OUTCOME MEASURES: Thirty putative predictors were investigated. Postoperative ...
Venner Monica - - 2009
The prophylactic application of azithromycin to prevent pulmonary abscesses in foals was evaluated on a stud with endemic Rhodococcus equi pneumonia. Forty-five foals served as untreated controls in two groups. Twenty-five foals were given azithromycin (10mg/kg) orally once daily for 4 weeks. The foals were examined once a week from ...
Aerni Michelle R - - 2008
Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon cause of interstitial lung disease. Corticosteroids and chemotherapeutic agents are frequently used to treat symptomatic patients but their efficacy is unclear. We describe a 66-year-old with biopsy-proven pulmonary and systemic LCH, whose pulmonary abnormalities responded dramatically to treatment with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA). We ...
Li Jungang - - 2007
The acute pulmonary toxicity induced by 3-nm TiO(2) primary particles was preliminary investigated after they were intratracheally instilled at doses of 0.4, 4 and 40mg/kg into lungs of mice. The biochemical parameters in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and pathological examination were used as endpoints to assess their pulmonary toxicity at ...
Turner D R - - 2007
Untreated thoracic aortic coarctation leads to early death predominantly because of hypertension and its cardiovascular sequelae. Surgical treatment has been available for > 50 years and has improved hypertension and survival. More recently, endovascular techniques have offered a minimally invasive alternative to traditional open repair. Early and intermediate results suggest angioplasty ...
Nguyen Elsie T - - 2007
The aim of this manuscript is to summarize an approach to the differential diagnosis of the pulmonary complications of illicit drug use based on the computed tomography findings. The various pulmonary complications of illicit drug use result in 5 main patterns of parenchymal abnormality: nodules, ground-glass opacities, consolidation, air trapping, ...
Berry Mark F - - 2007
Thoracoscopic strategies are becoming increasingly utilized in the management of patients with thoracic disease processes, including primary pulmonary malignancy, secondary pulmonary malignancy, granulomatous lung disease, and pleural processes. Although minimally invasive approaches have been demonstrated to improve outcomes and reduce complications, as compared to the conventional approach, the prevention, early ...
Balkhy Husam H - - 2007
: Autonomic ganglionated plexi (GP) in fat pads near the pulmonary veins may contribute to initiation and maintenance atrial fibrillation (AF). We attempted to localize these plexi in a canine model, and evaluate the efficacy of microwave ablation in eliminating their vagal reflexes. : 8 Mongrel dogs (25-31 kg), underwent ...
Freitas E R F S - - 2007
Following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), the main causes of postoperative morbidity and mortality are postoperative pulmonary complications, respiratory dysfunction and arterial hypoxemia. Incentive spirometry is a treatment technique that uses a mechanical device (an incentive spirometer) to reduce such pulmonary complications during postoperative care. To assess the effects of ...
Lorenz Jonathan M - - 2006
For patients dependent on permanent venous catheters for survival, the progressive loss of venous access sites should prompt a systematic approach to alternative sites and techniques to maximize patient survival and minimize complications. Interventional radiologists should be familiar with the appropriate use of both conventional and unconventional types of venous ...
Gregory N G - - 2006
Previous work in calves indicated that ballooning of the severed arteries is a potential concern in animals receiving a reversible stun before slaughter, and in animals not stunned before slaughter, as it could extend the duration of brain function before the animals die. This study determined the prevalence of ballooning ...
Schmidt W A - - 2006
Three patients-two with Wegener's granulomatosis and one with an overlap syndrome of rheumatoid vasculitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and antiphospholipid syndrome-are described. All patients experienced a sudden onset of Raynaud's phenomenon or acrocyanosis when they had a flare of their disease. Ultrasonography (US) showed dark (hypoechoic) arteries without colour signals, resembling ...
Maramattom Boby Varkey - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: There are no data on pulmonary complications in an selected population of patients with intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH). At present, most data is extrapolated from series of patients with stroke that combine patients with both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency, types ...
Deleu Dirk - - 2005
A 32-year-old man presented with left hemifacial spasm. Neurophysiological findings revealed an absent ipsilateral R1 on blink reflex. An MRI showed a dolichoectatic left vertebral artery impinging on the root exit zone of the left facial nerve. Botulinum toxin infections relieved the manifestations of hemifacial spasm. This case demonstrates that ...
Cordier Jean-François - - 2005
Amyloidosis is defined by tissue deposits of amyloid, a proteic substance with a characteristic spatial structure of beta-sheet fibrils assembled into bundles. This structure results in specific staining with Congo red dye, with green birefringence under polarized light microscope. AL amyloid forms from amyloidogenic immunoglobulins produced by clonal plasma cells. ...
Shoda Hirofumi - - 2005
Wegener's granulomatosis with eosinophilia both in blood and tissue samples has been rarely reported. A 25-year-old woman developed fever, granulomatous inflammation of nasal mucosa, pulmonary hemorrhage, suprascleritis, and cutaneous vasculitis. She showed eosinophilia in blood and biospy samples of skin, nasal mucosa, and lung. She was positive for proteinase 3-antineutrophil ...
Said Gérard - - 2005
Necrotizing vasculitis occurs as a primary phenomenon in connective tissue disorders and cognate fields, including polyarteritis nodosa and the Churg and Strauss syndrome variant, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus and Wegener's granulomatosis. In all these conditions focal and multifocal neuropathy occur as a consequence of destruction of the arterial wall and ...
Zhang J G - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study on the correlation between preoperative pulmonary function tests, preoperative pulmonary symptoms, and postoperative pulmonary complications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of immediate postoperative pulmonary complications and their correlation to pulmonary function tests, preoperative pulmonary symptoms, and surgical approaches. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The pulmonary function ...
Eikenberry Mark - - 2005
We sought, in children after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), (1) to determine the natural history and incidence of pulmonary complications, (2) to evaluate the diagnostic yield of fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL); and (3) to determine the effect of bronchoscopy with lavage on patient outcome. The study design was ...
Vicente M P - - 2004
Tuberous sclerosis is a neurocutaneous syndrome involving many tissues. Pulmonary involvement is rare. Pulmonary cases are usually women of child-bearing age who present with spontaneous pneumothorax or progressive dyspnea. In childhood and, even more, in male patients, pulmonary involvement by tuberous sclerosis is exceptional. We report on a 4-year-old male ...
Fang Wentao - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary complications are a major component of morbidity and mortality after esophagectomy, and have not been well studied after extended lymphadenectomy. METHODS: Four hundred forty-one patients underwent three-field lymph node dissection and were retrospectively reviewed. Pulmonary complications developed in 32 patients (7.3%) and resulted in 11 deaths (34.4% of ...
Wah T M - - 2003
Pulmonary complications account for significant morbidity and mortality in patients following bone marrow transplants (BMT). They are distinct from other immunosuppressed patients in that there is a predictable course of immunosuppresion and therefore of likely pulmonary complications. This is important when interpreting abnormal radiology as the predictable time course will ...
Oddo Mauro - - 2003
The antibiotic minocycline, which is used in the treatment of acne, has been associated with various pulmonary complications such as pulmonary lupus and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. We now report a particularly severe case of minocycline-related pulmonary toxicity that was characterized by a relapsing form of hypersensitivity eosinophilic pneumonia complicated by acute ...
Li Mu-Chun - - 2003
We report a case of amyloidosis localized to the medium-sized arteries of the face and presenting as prominent perioral swelling. The condition was identified as primary AL-type amyloidosis on the basis of immunohistochemical reactivity, predominantly for anti-lambda light chain antibody within amyloid deposits. Subsequent radiographic and laboratory evaluation of the ...
Barretto Simone N SN Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn 55905, - - 2002
Relapsing polychondritis is an uncommon disease of unknown etiology, usually manifested by inflammatory changes of cartilaginous tissues. Cardiovascular complications are rare but have been associated with adverse prognosis. Aortitis, vasculitis of large- and medium-sized arteries with aneurysm formation, valvulitis, pericarditis, and atrioventricular conduction disturbances have been reported as late complications ...
McClain Kenneth L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary involvement with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH, formerly known as histiocytosis-X) presents as an interstitial process in children and adults either with or without symptoms. In contrast to other manifestations of LCH, most patients with pulmonary disease are adults. PROCEDURES: We reviewed the literature on pulmonary LCH to determine ...
Simonds Anita K - - 2002
Pulmonary complications including chest infections, atelectasis, pulmonary hypoplasia and ventilatory failure are the leading cause of death in the muscular dystrophies and atrophies. Ventilatory insufficiency is virtually inevitable in Duchenne muscular dystrophy and type 1 spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), but more variable in limb-girdle, congenital, and facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. A ...
Khurshid I - - 2002
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a successful and recognised treatment option for patients with a number of haematological and non-haematological malignant and non-malignant conditions. Pulmonary complications both infectious and non-infectious are common after BMT. Multiple factors are thought to contribute to pulmonary complications, including the type and duration of immunological ...
de Roux-Serratrice Christine - - 2002
We describe a 47-year-old man who successively presented atheromatous coronary artery disease, cholesterol embolism after angioplasty, periaortitis with presence of c-ANCA, and finally typical pulmonary lesions caused by Wegener's granulomatosis. This case illustrates the link between atheromatous and inflammatory process and emphasizes that periaortitis may be a feature of Wegener's ...
Carucci J A - - 2001
Botulinum A exotoxin, derived from the gram-positive anaerobe Clostridium botulinum, has proven to be safe and effective in the temporary treatment of facial rhytides. In order to obtain reproducible results and avoid complications, it is necessary to understand the relevant physiology and anatomic relationships. Technical considerations including injection technique, dilution, ...
Bernstrand C - - 2000
Two patients with childhood Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) (aged 2 and 6 y at diagnosis) in whom pulmonary involvement was diagnosed in adulthood, 23 and 12 y later, respectively, are presented. In each patient, smoking preceded the diagnosis of pulmonary involvement by 3 y, providing further evidence that smoking is ...
Schuller D - - 2000
Pulmonary complications are common after coronary artery bypass grafting. Identifying those individuals with increased risk of respiratory complications allows for appropriate preoperative intervention. The most commonly seen pulmonary complications include pleural effusion, hemothorax, atelectasis, pulmonary edema, diaphragmatic dysfunction, and pneumonia. Clinical features and appropriate management of these common problems are ...
Huaringa A J - - 2000
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has proved valuable in the diagnosis of pulmonary complications in immunosuppressed patients. We evaluated the diagnostic yield of BAL in pulmonary complications in bone marrow transplantation (BMT) recipients. We reviewed sequentially the records of 89 patients during an 18-month period. BAL was diagnostic in 42 patients (47%). ...
Liu M F - - 2000
Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) may be complicated with serious cerebrovascular accidents and pulmonary alveolar haemorrhage. The authors report an autopsy-proven angioinvasive zygomycosis in a patient with SLE. The clinical features of systemic zygomycosis in this patient masqueraded as SLE-related stroke and pulmonary haemorrhage. The case demonstrates that the ...
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