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Lal Chitra - - 2011
Unilateral pulmonary artery aplasia is a rare anomaly. Case reports of this condition in pregnant patients are even more uncommon and the best approach to management of such patients is still unclear. We report a patient who presented with a history of dyspnea, chest pain, and hemoptysis. Imaging established the ...
Razeghinejad Mohammad-Reza - - 2011
To report a case of spontaneous direct carotid-cavernous fistula causing abrupt loss of vision. A 50-year-old woman with systemic hypertension but no history of ocular disease developed sudden proptosis, frozen eye, subconjunctival hemorrhage and loss of vision in her left eye over 2 hours. Imaging studies revealed a direct carotid-cavernous ...
Nunes Sara S - - 2011
Proper arterial and venous specification is a hallmark of functional vascular networks. While arterial-venous identity is genetically pre-determined during embryo development, it is unknown whether an analogous pre-specification occurs in adult neovascularization. Our goal is to determine whether vessel arterial-venous specification in adult neovascularization is pre-determined by the identity of ...
Mocan Lucian - - 2011
The process of laser-mediated ablation of cancer cells marked with biofunctionalized carbon nanotubes is frequently called "nanophotothermolysis". We herein present a method of selective nanophotothermolisys of pancreatic cancer (PC) using multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) functionalized with human serum albumin (HSA). With the purpose of testing the therapeutic value of these ...
Yuan Shi-Min - - 2011
The biological functions of transforming growth factor-β signaling that involves Smad proteins have not been previously investigated with respect to coronary artery bypass grafts. The aim of the present study was to observe the immunostaining of proteins that are related to this signaling pathway. Fifteen remnants of coronary artery bypass ...
Khalid Umair - - 2011
Hughes-Stovin Syndrome (HSS) is a very rare clinical disorder characterized by thrombophlebitis and multiple pulmonary and/or bronchial aneurysms. Less than 40 published cases of HSS have been described in English medical literature so far. The exact etiology and pathogenesis of HSS is unknown; possible causes include infections and angiodysplasia. HSS ...
Kokotsakis John - - 2011
We report a case of treating complex aortic pathology with the use of the Frozen Elephant Trunk technique in a patient with chronic type B aortic dissecting aneurysm associated with arch and ascending aorta dilatation, proximal aortic disease and coronary disease. The case was further complicated due to the involvement ...
Alvarez Jose Rubio - - 2011
The ideal surgical approach is unclear in adult patients with coarctation of the aorta that is associated with other cardiovascular pathologies that require intervention. Standard median sternotomy allows simultaneous, coronary revascularization surgery, valve replacement and repair of aortic coarctation. However the collateral circulation and the anatomy of the mammary arteries ...
Morcillo Serra Cèsar - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Multislice computerized tomographic scan can identify coronary artery disease (CAD) with quantification of coronary artery calcium (CAC) and computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTA). The utility of CAC in comparison with CTA in asymptomatic patients has not been assessed. METHODS: Patients with risk factors for CAD, who were referred for ...
Javalkar Vijayakumar - - 2011
Paraclinoid aneurysms originate from the internal carotid artery between the distal dural ring and the posterior communicating artery. Giant, multiple and bilateral aneurysms are more frequent in this group of aneurysms. Surgical clipping of these aneurysms is technically challenging due to the adjacent bony anatomy and neurovascular structures. Operative mortality ...
Mehta Manish - - 2010
Improvements in endovascular technology and techniques have allowed us to treat patients in ways we never thought possible. Today endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms is associated with markedly decreased morbidity and mortality when compared to the open surgical approach, yet there are several fundamental obstacles in our ability ...
Tendulkar Amod - - 2010
Coronary dissection during diagnostic catheterization presents a therapeutic challenge. Medical management or percutaneous intervention may be an option in a stable patient. Unstable patients should promptly undergo surgical revascularization. We report on a patient in whom dissection of the left main coronary artery, the left anterior descending artery, and a ...
Easo Jerry - - 2010
Abstract Purpose: To describe the use of a hybrid frozen elephant trunk technique to treat a patient suffering from a multisegmentally diseased, dextropositioned aortic arch and right descending aorta. Technique: The technique is illustrated in a 58-year-old woman who was diagnosed with chronic type A aortic dissection in a right ...
Hunter Kendall S - - 2010
The hemodynamic state of the pulmonary arteries is challenging to routinely measure in children due to the vascular circuit's position in the lungs. The resulting relative scarcity of quantitative clinical diagnostic and prognostic information impairs management of diseases such as pulmonary hypertension, or high blood pressure of the pulmonary circuit, ...
Ramsey Jennifer - - 2010
This review focuses on vasculitides with prominent pulmonary manifestations and discusses key contributions from the recent literature. Pulmonary vasculitis should be considered when clinical findings include alveolar hemorrhage, nodular and cavitary lung disease, airway stenosis, pulmonary artery aneurysms, or pulmonary artery stenosis. The differential diagnostic considerations for common clinical presentations ...
Sun Zhonghua Z Zhonghua Sun, Discipline of Medical Imaging, Department of Imaging and Applied Physics, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Western Australia 6845, - - 2010
To present our experience of using 3D virtual intravascular endoscopy (VIE) to characterize and evaluate the intraluminal appearances of aortic dissection. Ten patients with known aortic dissection underwent dual-source computed tomography angiography and were included in the study. In addition to 2D axial and multiplanar reformatted images as well as ...
Shinozaki Masaru - - 2010
Abstract Portal vein thrombosis is a rare and potentially lethal complication of laparoscopic colectomy. In this paper, we present a case of portal vein thrombosis and pulmonary artery thromboembolism on the 11(th) day after laparoscopic colectomy without an evident congenital thrombotic disorder. Laparoscopic surgeons and their patients should be aware ...
Hsu Shao-Jung - - 2011
Life-threatening hemoptysis due to bronchiectasis is an emergency and needs immediate bronchial angiographic embolization or surgical intervention. Most of the bleeding events arise from the bronchial artery. We report a very rare case of a patient who had bronchiectasis, but with bleeding from the left phrenic artery to pulmonary artery ...
Gabrielli Roberto - - 2011
The association of a retroaortic left renal vein and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) fistula is an infrequent event. We present two cases of AAA rupture into the retroaortic left renal vein. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) assessment showed retroperitoneal bleeding due to a large AAA rupture with an associated unusual ...
Sellmann Timur - - 2010
We report on a 27-year-old female patient who developed a progressive neurological disorder (anisocoria, dysarthria and facial nerve paresis) after participating in a marathon race. She was admitted to a maximum care level hospital after endotracheal intubation with a provisional diagnosis of intracranial bleeding. Imaging studies (computed tomography and computed ...
Mehta Sanjay - - 2010
Pulmonary embolism is a common condition. Some patients subsequently develop chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Many care gaps exist in the diagnosis and management of CTEPH patients including lack of awareness, incomplete diagnostic assessment, and inconsistent use of surgical and medical therapies. A representative interdisciplinary panel of medical experts undertook ...
Erdem Abdullah - - 2010
Anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery branch from the aorta in the presence of separate aortic and pulmonary valves is a rare but important entity necessitating early diagnosis and surgery to prevent irreversible vascular pulmonary disease. We evaluated our experience with seven infants having this anomaly. Between December 2003 and ...
Singal Rikki - - 2010
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is a life- threatening upper gastrointestinal disorder due to compression of duodenum as it poses a difficult diagnostic dilemma. Third part of duodenum is in fixed compartment bounded anteriorly by the root of mesentery and superior mesentery artery and posteriorly by the aorta and lumbar spine. ...
Kim Won Sung - - 2010
We present a case of combined general anesthesia with muscle relaxant and epidural analgesia for hemicolectomy in a 56-year-old woman with Pompe disease. Progressive pulmonary function loss predisposes Pompe disease patients to an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia, atelectasis, and all pulmonary infections. Given the impaired cough resulting from abdominal ...
Agarwal Vijay - - 2010
The window ductus represents a very rare anatomical anomaly. Only a few cases of successful surgical repair have been reported. We present a 12 year old boy in whom window ductus was diagnosed and successfully operated. The operation included closure of the large (2.5 cm×0.5 cm) connection between the main ...
Cunha Alexandre Martins - - 2010
We report two cases of complex middle cerebral artery aneurysms that were surgically treated using the orbitopterional approach in a two-piece method. The objective of this work is to discuss the usefulness of the orbitopterional approach in the surgical management of large and giant middle cerebral artery aneurysms. A 32-year-old ...
Aziz Zarina Abdul - - 2010
To study the role of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in evaluating various complications following endovascular stenting of aortic aneurysms. Over a period of 2 years (June 2005 to June 2007), 50 patients with aortic aneurysm on computed tomography (CT) angiogram were prospectively studied. Images were acquired on a 64 slice ...
Wang Huiying - - 2012
Methotrexate is effective in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Some reports have discussed the possible association between methotrexate and lymphoma. Here, we report a case of pulmonary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) developed after 11 years' methotrexate therapy for RA. Biopsy of the pulmonary mass demonstrated a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. After withdrawal of ...
Zhou Xin - - 2010
Bortezomib, a reversible proteasome inhibitor, is used for the treatment of hematologic malignancies. Common adverse events with bortezomib include gastrointestinal symptoms, thrombocytopenia, and neuropathy, whereas severe pulmonary complications have been rarely described. Herein, we present a case of rapid fatal pulmonary complications in a patient with ALK-negative anaplastic large-cell lymphoma ...
Rahimi-Rad Mohammad Hossein - - 2010
Traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst (TPPC) is a rare complication, which might be encountered after thoracic trauma. It is most often (75-100%) seen in children and young adults. A 53 year-old male presented with multiple bilateral pulmonary cysts after a motor vehicle accident. We evaluated the patient for abscess, tuberculosis, and Wegener's ...
Salmon A A - - 2010
Arterial catheterisation is used for continuous haemodynamic monitoring in patients undergoing surgery and in critical care units. Although it is considered a safe procedure, a major complication such as arterial occlusion and limb gangrene can occur. To determine the incidence, outcome and potential to avoid complications associated with arterial catheterisation. ...
Ryu Yon Ju - - 2010
There has been a steady increase in elective TKA in elderly Koreans. However, there are few reports about the incidence of and risk factors for pulmonary complications, including pulmonary thromboembolism in these patients. We evaluated retrospectively 338 patients aged 60 years and over (290 females, median age 69 years) to ...
Soubani Ayman O - - 2010
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an established treatment for a variety of malignant and nonmalignant conditions. Pulmonary complications, infectious and noninfectious, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. The recent advances in prophylaxis and treatment of infectious complications increased the significance of noninfectious pulmonary conditions. ...
Swailam Salwa - - 2010
Background: Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) is a fast-growing technology that permits a non-invasive, yet reliable, assessment of coronary atherosclerosis. We sought to explore the diagnostic accuracy of MSCT angiography in the detection of significant stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) in a series of patients with an intermediate ...
Touw Catharina M L - - 2010
Touw CML, van de Ven AA, de Jong PA, Terheggen-Lagro S, Beek E, Sanders EAM, van Montfrans JM. Detection of pulmonary complications in common variable immunodeficiency. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2010: 21: 793-805. (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S Pulmonary complications are frequently observed in common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). We ...
Ruparelia Neil - - 2011
Migration of retained fractured pacemaker electrodes to the pulmonary artery is a rare but recognised complication. It is imperative that if this occurs the electrode is removed from this position due to the increased risk of associated infection and thrombus formation. Historically open surgery has been required to manage this ...
Chien J W - - 2010
Early non-infectious pulmonary complications represent a significant cause of mortality after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We tested the hypothesis that oral beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) is effective for preventing early non-infectious pulmonary complications after allogeneic HCT. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 120 patients, 60 in each treatment arm, to ...
Caceres Manuel - - 2009
Talc-induced pulmonary granulomatosis is an unusual condition resulting from the intravenous administration of medications intended for oral use. A patient with this condition who presented with a spontaneous tension pneumothorax is reported. Although the radiographic findings of a diffuse reticulonodular pattern are typical, this patient was found to have diffuse, ...
Yazkan Rasih - - 2009
Post-traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst is an uncommon cavitary lesion of the lung, which generally develops after blunt chest trauma. We saw a 22-year-old man with chest trauma, hemopneumothorax, and hemoptysis, on the day he fell from an electrical pylon. Intubation in the emergency department was followed by 4 days of mechanical ...
Jackson Benjamin M - - 2009
Since its first implementation in patients in 1991, endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms has gained wide acceptance and availability. This development has been fueled in great part by advances in stent-graft design and by a variety of devices for various anatomic features. This commentary will summarize some of ...
Balbir-Gurman Alexandra - - 2009
Pulmonary nodulosis and sterile pleural exudates are well-known extra-articular manifestations in rheumatoid arthritis patients with a positive rheumatoid factor. In some patients, treatment with methotrexate has been postulated as the trigger of these complications. We report a patient with psoriatic arthropathy, negative RF, negative anticyclic citrulinated peptide antibodies but positive ...
Evans D C - - 2009
Care for the critically ill patient requires maintenance of adequate tissue perfusion/oxygenation. Continuous hemodynamic monitoring is frequently utilized to achieve these objectives. Pulmonary artery catheters (PAC) allow measurement of hemodynamic variables that cannot be measured reliably or continuously by less invasive means. Inherent to every medical intervention are risks associated ...
Allen Timothy Craig - - 2008
CONTEXT: Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis is the most common and best known pulmonary histiocytic lesion; however, the realm of pulmonary histiocytic lesions also includes an assortment of uncommon diseases that may exhibit pulmonary involvement. OBJECTIVE: To review pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis and other pulmonary histiocytoses to better ensure correct diagnosis ...
Erdur BarĊŸ - - 2008
We evaluated the frequency, etiologic factors, outcome, and the comorbid conditions affecting the morbidity and mortality of pulmonary complications in acute childhood leukemia. Sixty-six (40.4%) out of 163 patients developed 79 pulmonary complications. Infectious etiology was the leading cause (92.4%). The most identified infectious agents were Gram (-) bacteria, followed ...
Spinello Irene M - - 2008
Coccidioidal infection can manifest as pulmonary or extrapulmonary disease. Pulmonary coccidioidomycosis occurs in 95% of all cases and can be divided into three main categories: primary, complicated, and residual pulmonary coccidioidomycosis. The primary infection occurs with inhalation of airborne arthroconidia. As few as 10 arthroconidia are capable of causing an ...
Yagi Shin-Ichi - - 2008
Recently, ultra-thin bronchoscopy has made it possible to observe smaller bronchi not visualized using standard techniques. We describe a case of pulmonary mucormycosis with cavitation, diagnosed using an ultra-thin bronchoscope. A 15-year-old girl with acute myeloid leukaemia had taken oral prednisolone, 60 mg/day, for graft versus host disease after haematopoietic ...
Tilluckdharry Lisa - - 2008
Thalidomide has regained value in the multimodality treatment of leprosy, multiple myeloma, prostate, ovarian and renal cancer. Complications related to arterial and venous complications are well described. However, pulmonary complications remain relatively uncommon. The most common pulmonary side-effect reported is non-specific dyspnea. We report a patient with multiple myeloma, who ...
Mistiaen Wilhelm - - 2008
QUESTION: What factors predict postoperative pulmonary and pleural complications following aortic valve replacement? DESIGN: Retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: One thousand consecutive patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with a pericardial valve between 1986 and 2006. Of these, 610 underwent also coronary artery surgery. OUTCOME MEASURES: Thirty putative predictors were investigated. Postoperative ...
Venner Monica - - 2009
The prophylactic application of azithromycin to prevent pulmonary abscesses in foals was evaluated on a stud with endemic Rhodococcus equi pneumonia. Forty-five foals served as untreated controls in two groups. Twenty-five foals were given azithromycin (10mg/kg) orally once daily for 4 weeks. The foals were examined once a week from ...
Aerni Michelle R - - 2008
Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is an uncommon cause of interstitial lung disease. Corticosteroids and chemotherapeutic agents are frequently used to treat symptomatic patients but their efficacy is unclear. We describe a 66-year-old with biopsy-proven pulmonary and systemic LCH, whose pulmonary abnormalities responded dramatically to treatment with 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA). We ...
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