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Reddy Taryn L - - 2011
Diffuse dendriform pulmonary ossification is a rare disorder characterized by widespread pulmonary ossification distributed in a characteristic branching pattern. It is usually associated with chronic interstitial inflammation and fibrosis but may occasionally be idiopathic. The underlying pathogenesis remains uncertain. Computed tomography findings characteristically show fine branching heterotopic bone formation within ...
Kim Hyoung Seop - - 2011
Crossed aphasia refers to language disturbance due to right-hemisphere lesions in right-handed individuals, while magnetic apraxia is described as 'forced grasping and groping' caused by lesions in the contralateral frontal lobe. This is a case report of a 70-year-old right handed woman who suffered from crossed transcortical motor aphasia and ...
Kim Ick Hee - - 2011
We report a 72-year-old female patient with spontaneous rupture of the left external iliac vein. She visited our hospital for abdominal and back pain. She had the abnormal finding of hemoperitoneum. We performed an emergency operation with diagnosis of left ovarian cyst rupture though she suffered from spontaneous rupture of ...
Barber Nicholas A - - 2011
Pulmonary toxicity is rarely seen with most commonly used targeted therapies. The endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) gefitinib and erlotinib can cause interstitial lung disease (ILD). BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib and dasatinib can cause pleural effusions. Infusion-related bronchospasm is common with the monoclonal antibodies ...
Eyjolfsson Atli - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Lipid embolizations from retransfused shed blood during cardiac surgery have been shown to enter the circulation and end up in different organs. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate differences in the kinetics and deposition between emulsified and non-emulsified lipid emboli in a porcine model. Design. Twelve ...
Díaz-Flores Lucio - - 2011
Background: Myopericytomas with intravascular growth have been reported and have been occasionally documented as intraarterial. In a retrospective study, we assessed intraarterial growth in myopericytomas, co-existence with arterial intimal thickening (IT) and the relationship between the two. Methods: This retrospective study was undertaken using 11 myopericytomas evaluated in serial microscopical ...
Johnson Matthew L - - 2012
The shuttling of intermediary metabolites such as lactate through the vasculature contributes to the dynamic energy and biosynthetic needs of tissues. Tracer kinetic studies offer a powerful tool to measure the metabolism of substrates like lactate that are simultaneously taken up from and released into the circulation by organs, but ...
Pu Jun - - 2011
AimsTo test the hypothesis that near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) would provide novel information of human coronary plaque characterization.Methods and resultsGreyscale-IVUS, virtual histology (VH)-IVUS, and NIRS were compared in 131 native lesions (66 vessels) that were interrogated during catheterization by all three modalities. Greyscale-IVUS detected attenuated and ...
Munnelly Amy E AE Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, - - 2012
Percutaneous heart valves are revolutionizing valve replacement surgery by offering a less invasive treatment option for high-risk patient populations who have previously been denied the traditional open chest procedure. Percutaneous valves need to be crimped to accommodate a small-diameter catheter during deployment, and they must then open to the size ...
Siegel Robert J - - 2011
It has been found that ultrasound has a unique effect on arterial and venous dilation as well as tissue perfusion. Our group found that low frequency ultrasound (20 kHz, 0.1 w/cm(2)) results in coronary arterial and coronary venous dilation in dogs. The magnitude of vasodilation is similar to that seen ...
Sun Hyung-Suk - - 2011
A 53-year-old man abruptly developed headache and unconsciousness. Brain computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography showed subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage, and multiple tortuous vascular structures on the brain stem and upper cervical spinal cord. Four-vessel angiography displayed intradural ventral arteriovenous fistula, supplied by the left vertebral and occipital arteries. Drainage ...
Rosca Monica - - 2011
AIMS: In aortic stenosis (AS), both reduced systemic arterial compliance and increased valvular load have been shown to contribute to impaired left ventricular (LV) function. However, the relationship between LV function and aortic stiffness has not yet been investigated. We aimed to assess the relationship between aortic stiffness and LV ...
Huang H - - 2011
We previously observed that focal hepatic venous outflow obstruction recovered spontaneously by the formation of sinusoidal canals in a rat model of portal hyperperfusion. We aimed to investigate whether the lack of hepatic arterial perfusion aggravates parenchymal damage, decelerates recovery and influences the formation of sinusoidal canals after focal hepatic ...
Xiao Juan J Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2011
A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeats-13 (ADAMTS13) inhibits platelet aggregation and arterial thrombosis by cleavage of von Willebrand factor. However, the structural components of ADAMTS13 required for inhibition of arterial thrombosis are not fully defined. Using recombinant proteins and a murine model, we demonstrated that an ADAMTS13 ...
Coates Stephanie - - 2011
Lenalidomide is a derivative of thalidomide and is FDA-approved for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome and, in combination with dexamethasone, for the treatment of relapsed multiple myeloma. Pulmonary toxicity with thalidomide is a recognized potential complication; however, there have only been two case reports in the literature of lenalidomide-associated pulmonary ...
Quaini Annalisa - - 2011
Left Ventricular Assist Devices (LVADs) are implantable mechanical pumps that temporarily aid the function of the left ventricle. The use of LVADs has been associated with thrombus formation next to the aortic valve and close to the anastomosis region, especially in patients in which the native cardiac function is negligible ...
Grandi Claudio - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a decellularization protocol on the structure and the mechanical behavior of small-diameter (<6 mm) tibial calf arteries and veins. Calf vessels were decellularized by a detergent-enzymatic method (DEM), partially hydrolyzed with trypsin and subsequently cross-linked using poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ...
Tsuji Yoshihiko - - 2011
Stent fracture with pseudoaneurysm formation in the femoropopliteal artery has uncommonly been reported. We present the case of a 72-year-old man with a fracture of self-expanding nitinol stent and a pseudoaneurysm formation in the suprageniculate popliteal artery. The popliteal artery was successfully reconstructed with a small saphenous vein graft interposition.
Head Stuart J - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was introduced in 2006 as an alternative for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) as treatment for patients with aortic stenosis. Endocarditis after TAVI has been anecdotally reported, but concerns aroused because SAVR is often needed to explant the endocarditic valve in a high risk patient ...
Babic Srdjan - - 2011
Unlike high-grade stenosis, dissections of craniocervical arteries are a rare cause of cerebrovascular infarction. If the internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection is verified by duplex scanning or computed tomography angiography (CTA), the therapies of choice are antiplatelet and anticoagulation drugs, and surgical treatment is rarely performed. However, despite distinct clinical ...
Caputo Ronald P - - 2011
In response to growing U.S. interest, the Society for Coronary Angiography and Interventions recently formed a Transradial Committee whose purpose is to examine the utility, utilization, and training considerations related to transradial access for percutaneous coronary and peripheral procedures. With international partnership, the committee has composed a comprehensive overview of ...
Moghaddam Mahsa Bidgoli - - 2011
Splenic artery and vein aneurysm with splenic arteriovenous fistula (SAVF) is a rare entity. We report the case of a 72-year-old woman who presented with signs and symptoms of portal hypertension after a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. The diagnosis of a 37-mm SAVF was confirmed by a computed tomographic angiogram. The ...
Bichi Samuele - - 2011
We report a 62-year-old man with an atherosclerotic Crawford type II aneurysm involving both common iliac arteries who underwent surgical revascularization of the visceral vessels and renal arteries from the ascending aorta and subsequent endovascular aneurysmal exclusion. Computed tomography imaging at 2 years showed complete exclusion of the aneurysm throughout ...
Kunizaki Masaki - - 2011
A 77-year-old woman with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting 5 years earlier presented with anemia and was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer involving the pylorus. Preoperative angiography revealed that the right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) graft was patent. Multidetector-row computed tomography showed the running pattern of the RGEA graft ...
Chan Lap Ki - - 2011
This article describes a representation formed by a waltzing couple of two students that can be used to teach the asymmetrical anatomical relationships among the trachea, bronchi, pulmonary trunk, and the pulmonary arteries in the mediastinum.
Faggian Giuseppe - - 2011
Diagnostic delay in patients suffering massive pulmonary embolism (PE) on chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has inevitably fatal consequences. Indications to pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are limited by severe comorbid conditions, some of which, as neurologic disease, absolutely contraindicate these procedures. We reported the clinical course ...
Dengler Julius - - 2011
Giant intracranial aneurysms have a poor prognosis mainly due to their high risk of rupture. Because their incidence is low, clinical trial evidence for adequate treatment is lacking. The Giant Intracranial Aneurysm Registry is designed to document current treatment strategies in giant aneurysm care and to monitor the course of ...
Kondoh Haruhiko - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Total arch replacement with an elephant trunk is a standard treatment for arch aneurysm, but serious complications, such as paraplegia and peripheral embolization caused by flapping of the elephant trunk, remain. Moreover, dilation of the descending aorta and retrograde flow into the peri-graft space at the distal elephant trunk ...
Leipsic Jonathon - - 2011
Aortic stenosis is a common disorder. Aortic valve replacement is indicated in symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis, as the prognosis of untreated patients is poor. Nevertheless, many patients pose a prohibitively high surgical risk and are not candidates for surgical valve replacement. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a ...
Cascales Campos P - - 2011
A 41-year-old man, who had undergone liver retransplantation, was admitted to our institution complaining of rectorraghia. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy failed to detect the source of bleeding. Computed tomographic angiography detected a stenosis at the portal anastomosis. Capsule endoscopy showed the presence of multiple small bowel angiodysplasias. After a surgical failure, ...
Ravari H - - 2011
Spontaneous aortocaval fistula is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We describe two cases of spontaneous aortocaval fistula. The first patient is a woman who was admitted with abdominal pain and pulsatile abdominal mass. Another patient was a man admitted with progressive abdominal pain and hypotension. Computed tomography (CT) ...
Hua Zhongdong - - 2011
Objectives: To assess the operative and mid-term outcome of a very aggressive pulmonary annulus preservation strategy and pulmonary valve leaflet plasty technique which achieved 95% freedom of transannular patch (TAP) in complete tetralogy repair. Methods: From August 2006 through May 2010, 139 consecutive patients underwent repair of tetralogy of Fallot ...
Melloni Giulio - - 2011
Intercostal artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare but life-threatening complication. Herein we report an unusual case of an intercostal artery pseudoaneurysm caused by computed tomography-guided percutaneous fine needle aspiration lung biopsy and successfully treated with endovascular embolization. Radiologists performing percutaneous fine needle aspiration lung biopsies should be aware of this rare ...
Londoño Juan Carlos - - 2011
Percutaneous intervention of chronic limb ischemia is often limited by vascular access especially in patients with previous surgical interventions. This warrants development of alternative endovascular techniques, particularly for patients in whom traditional ipsilateral antegrade or contralateral retrograde access has failed or is not possible. We describe a novel approach to ...
Agrifoglio Marco - - 2011
Surgical treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm after previous pneumonectomy is a challenge because of the impaired respiratory function and increased surgical risks. Endovascular aneurysm repair in anatomically suited high-surgical-risk patients offers excellent short-term results and provides good protection from aneurysm-related death. In this article, we report a successful endovascular aneurysm ...
Hage Fadi G - - 2011
Aortic stenosis is currently the most predominant valvular pathology in older adults. Signs and symptoms of aortic stenosis in this age-group may be difficult to recognize due to the decreased activity associated with aging and attribution of symptoms to other conditions. Echocardiography can be very helpful in the assessment of ...
Nazzal Mustafa D - - 2011
Takayasu's arteritis is a rare form of aortic vasculitis, typically described in young Asian females. In this article, we report a unique presentation of type V Takayasu's arteritis in a Hispanic male. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of Takayasu's arteritis presenting with the triad ...
Pluchinotta Francesca R - - 2011
Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare congenital defect. We describe the case of an infant with anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in association with tetralogy of Fallot. This patient had a pre-operative echocardiographic diagnosis, which was ...
Moullec Grégory - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pulmonary rehabilitation plays a key role in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although the American Thoracic Society recently provided a grade of 1A for evidence of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) benefits related to pulmonary rehabilitation, knowledge about the psychological and behavioral processes explaining ...
Roselli E E - - 2011
In recent years transcatheter approaches to treat heart valve disease have played an increasingly important role. This has been especially true for aortic stenosis, with two valves commercially available in Europe and several others under investigation in man. These least invasive therapies have expanded treatment options for the highest surgical ...
Headley Carol M - - 2011
Nephrology nurses are often faced with the responsibility of triage. Shortness of breath in a patient receiving chronic dialysis is a frequently heard complaint. Clinicians, at first glance, will consider volume expansion as the probable cause for the shortness of breath, and most often, they are correct. However, for some, ...
Menon Ashvini - - 2011
Aneurysmal dissection of the ascending aorta and arch may be associated with polycystic kidney disease. We report a case of massive polycystic kidneys leading to respiratory and gastrointestinal embarrassment in combination with aneurysmal dilatation of a chronic arch dissection managed by simultaneous bilateral nephrectomy and arch replacement.
Lemaire Scott A - - 2011
Aortic arch replacement remains among the most technically challenging cardiovascular operations, incurring considerable risk for perioperative death and stroke. The trifurcated graft technique, in which a double Y-graft is used to connect brachiocephalic branches to the main aortic graft, was recently developed to simplify arch reconstruction, reduce embolization, and minimize ...
Borsari Thomas E - - 2011
Patients who have had an esophagectomy with gastric pull-up are at a higher risk for perioperative pulmonary aspiration due to loss of the esophageal sphincter. Altered neck anatomy following esophagectomy may render the conventional cricoid pressure maneuver unreliable in preventing pulmonary aspiration during induction of general anesthesia. Two patients who ...
Spiliotopoulos Konstantinos - - 2011
A 22-year-old woman suffering from Behcet's disease and severe angina was diagnosed with a left anterior descending coronary artery giant pseudoaneurysm. Preoperative investigations, surgical management, and its principles, as well as specific postoperative follow-up considerations are described.
Rodríguez-Palomares José F - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Multislice computed tomography is an excellent technique for the detection of significant coronary artery lesions. Our purpose was to assess whether computed tomography could replace routine invasive coronariography before valvular surgery. METHODS: We studied 106 consecutive patients (mean age: 67 [10]): 76% aortic valvular disease (62% stenosis, ...
Zweig Bryan M - - 2011
This study sought to determine the association of abdominal aortic calcium (AAC) with coronary artery calcium (CAC) and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). We included 58 patients (mean age 54.4 years, 40% males) without known CAD who underwent a non-contrast abdominal computed tomography (CT) scan and 64-slice coronary computed tomography angiography ...
Gaudelli C - - 2011
A case of pulmonary embolus after elective hip arthroscopy is reported. The incidence of thromboembolic events after such procedures is currently unknown, and the decision regarding whether to provide prophylaxis rests on anecdotal evidence. Level of evi,dence IV.
Fedullo Peter - - 2011
Over the past 4 decades, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension has evolved from an autopsy curiosity to a potentially correctable form of pulmonary hypertension. Advances in surgical techniques along with the introduction of pulmonary hypertension disease-modifying therapies provide a therapeutic option for the majority of patients afflicted with the disease. Approximately ...
Darwazah Ahmad K - - 2011
Abstract  Intrathoracic kidney is a rare congenital anomaly. It appears as a posterior mediastinal mass on chest X-ray. Most cases are asymptomatic and are discovered accidentally. We present a 48-year-old male patient with intrathoracic kidney discovered during routine investigation for coronary artery bypass surgery. (J Card Surg 2011;**:***-***).
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