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Garcin B - - 2012
Brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) often present with epileptic seizures, but prospective data on the risk of seizures with respect to morphologic AVM characteristics are scarce. We studied 155 consecutive patients with AVMs from a prospective, single-center database using demographic and morphologic factors based on prospectively coded MRI and digital subtraction ...
Falkensammer J - - 2012
While carotid endarterectomy is an established method for the treatment of symptomatic as well as high-grade asymptomatic carotid artery stenoses, there is a considerable variation concerning the kind of anesthesia used as well as technical details of the operation. In the present article differing arguments on local versus general anesthesia ...
Nakanishi Kinya - - 2012
Subarachnoid blood has been reported as a cause of chronic spinal arachnoiditis. Although syringomyelia has been thought to be caused by spinal arachnoiditis, reports of syringomyelia following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are very rare. We describe two patients with syringomyelia associated with chronic spinal arachnoiditis following SAH. From January 2001 ...
Cohen José E - - 2012
We report a patient with a giant unruptured supraclinoid aneurysm treated by endovascular embolization by means of bare coils and implantation of a flow diverterstent. Eight weeks after the embolization, she presented with uncinate seizures. Neuroradiological examination revealed de novo postembolization perianeurysmal edema, which has been described only rarely. A ...
Gajjar Trushar - - 2012
Duplication of the atrioventricular valves is a rare anomaly and is more commonly seen in the mitral position. We report the case of a 14-year old child with a large inlet muscular ventricular septal defect, who had a double-orifice tricuspid valve, which was detected incidentally during surgery.
Kuo Hsing-Ching - - 2012
A congenital pulmonary malformation, such as pulmonary sequestration or congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, should be suspected in infants with recurrent lower respiratory symptoms or unifocal infiltrations. The possibility of congenital pulmonary malformation associated with additional abnormalities, such as diaphragmatic hernia, is relatively high and can lead to misdiagnosis. We report ...
de Buhr Wiebke - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Malpositioning is one of the major problems in transcatheter aortic valve implantation. To evaluate the influence of mechanical balloon inflation on aortic valve stent positioning, the expansion process and the impact on the valve leaflet's structure were investigated. METHODS: Custom-made stents were laser cut from a 22-mm diameter stainless ...
Wang Shangping - - 2012
In this study, structure and biomechanical properties of freeze-dried decellularized porcine pulmonary heart valves were investigated. Heart valves were dissected from porcine hearts. The tissues were decellularized and separated in three groups: (1) without lyoprotectant, (2) with 5% sucrose and (3) with a mixture of 2.5% sucrose and 2.5% hydroxyl ...
Tanaka Hiroki - - 2012
Recent studies suggest that biologic changes in the vein wall associated with varicose veins (VVs) occur not only in valvular tissue but also in nonvalvular regions. We previously used imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) to determine the distribution of lipid molecules in incompetent valve tissue. In this study, we used IMS ...
Kalava Arun - - 2012
Arrhythmias resulting in cardiac arrest during electroconvulsive therapy have been reported. Most reported cases of cardiac arrest had asystole as the initial rhythm. Pulseless electrical activity as an initial rhythm of cardiac arrest during electroconvulsive therapy has never been reported. Also, thromboembolism after inflation of pneumatic tourniquet during lower limb ...
Luo Zhi-Qiang - - 2012
Abstract  A case of persistent left with absent right superior vena cava accompanied with atrial septal defect in a six-year-old girl is presented. This rare venous malformation was diagnosed incidentally during surgery when the pericardium was incised. An L-shape cannula was directly inserted into the left superior vena cava for ...
Takai Keisuke - - 2012
A 49-year-old male presented with a rare case of acute lower extremity paresis caused by spontaneous thrombosis of a spinal conus perimedullary arteriovenous fistula (AVF) after a subacute myelopathic course. Magnetic resonance imaging obtained after deterioration showed that the flow voids around the conus medullaris had changed from hypointense to ...
Dutta Gaurav - - 2012
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) can result from various central nervous system disorders such as brain malignancies, traumatic brain injuries, infections, and seizures. Although the pathogenesis is not completely understood, NPE creates an increase in pulmonary interstitial and alveolar fluid. It has been reported with prolonged seizure activity. Treatment for NPE ...
Durga Padmaja - - 2012
A variety of central nervous system lesions like stroke, subarachnoid haemorrhage, trauma and seizure activity can result in neurogenic pulmonary oedema (NPE). Unilateral neurogenic pulmonary oedema is very rare. There are no reports of unilateral NPE with aneurysmal vasospasm. We present the case of a 55-year-old female who developed respiratory ...
Lazar David - - 2012
We report the case of a man with a carotid dissection who had relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) that persisted throughout his hospital course. Other causes for RAPD were quickly ruled out. Carotid dissections often have ophthalmic manifestations-including RAPD, which, although uncommon as a presenting sign, can be tested for ...
Thinda Sumeer - - 2012
Carotid cavernous fistulas are abnormal communications between the cavernous sinus and the external or internal carotid arteries. Although rare, closure of carotid cavernous fistulas can lead to immediate ocular complications. To our knowledge, our case represents the first report of worsening angle closure glaucoma and choroidal detachments over an extended ...
Foote A P - - 2011
Ergovaline has been extensively used to study vasoactive effects of endophyte- (Neotyphodium coenophialum) infected tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum). However, initial results indicated that an extract of toxic tall fescue seed (E+EXT) is more potent than ergovaline alone in a right ruminal artery and vein bioassay. The E+EXT induced a greater ...
Feigl G C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Small numbers of investigated specimens might lead to misinterpretations. Different classifications can change results dramatically. This is demonstrated by an investigation of the superficial palmar arch and the palmar median artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 702 upper limbs were investigated. Data were collected during eight dissection courses ...
Reddy Taryn L - - 2011
Diffuse dendriform pulmonary ossification is a rare disorder characterized by widespread pulmonary ossification distributed in a characteristic branching pattern. It is usually associated with chronic interstitial inflammation and fibrosis but may occasionally be idiopathic. The underlying pathogenesis remains uncertain. Computed tomography findings characteristically show fine branching heterotopic bone formation within ...
Kim Hyoung Seop - - 2011
Crossed aphasia refers to language disturbance due to right-hemisphere lesions in right-handed individuals, while magnetic apraxia is described as 'forced grasping and groping' caused by lesions in the contralateral frontal lobe. This is a case report of a 70-year-old right handed woman who suffered from crossed transcortical motor aphasia and ...
Kim Ick Hee - - 2011
We report a 72-year-old female patient with spontaneous rupture of the left external iliac vein. She visited our hospital for abdominal and back pain. She had the abnormal finding of hemoperitoneum. We performed an emergency operation with diagnosis of left ovarian cyst rupture though she suffered from spontaneous rupture of ...
Barber Nicholas A - - 2011
Pulmonary toxicity is rarely seen with most commonly used targeted therapies. The endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) gefitinib and erlotinib can cause interstitial lung disease (ILD). BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib and dasatinib can cause pleural effusions. Infusion-related bronchospasm is common with the monoclonal antibodies ...
Eyjolfsson Atli - - 2011
Abstract Objective. Lipid embolizations from retransfused shed blood during cardiac surgery have been shown to enter the circulation and end up in different organs. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate differences in the kinetics and deposition between emulsified and non-emulsified lipid emboli in a porcine model. Design. Twelve ...
Díaz-Flores Lucio - - 2011
Background: Myopericytomas with intravascular growth have been reported and have been occasionally documented as intraarterial. In a retrospective study, we assessed intraarterial growth in myopericytomas, co-existence with arterial intimal thickening (IT) and the relationship between the two. Methods: This retrospective study was undertaken using 11 myopericytomas evaluated in serial microscopical ...
Johnson Matthew L - - 2012
The shuttling of intermediary metabolites such as lactate through the vasculature contributes to the dynamic energy and biosynthetic needs of tissues. Tracer kinetic studies offer a powerful tool to measure the metabolism of substrates like lactate that are simultaneously taken up from and released into the circulation by organs, but ...
Pu Jun - - 2011
AimsTo test the hypothesis that near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) would provide novel information of human coronary plaque characterization.Methods and resultsGreyscale-IVUS, virtual histology (VH)-IVUS, and NIRS were compared in 131 native lesions (66 vessels) that were interrogated during catheterization by all three modalities. Greyscale-IVUS detected attenuated and ...
Munnelly Amy E AE Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, - - 2012
Percutaneous heart valves are revolutionizing valve replacement surgery by offering a less invasive treatment option for high-risk patient populations who have previously been denied the traditional open chest procedure. Percutaneous valves need to be crimped to accommodate a small-diameter catheter during deployment, and they must then open to the size ...
Siegel Robert J - - 2011
It has been found that ultrasound has a unique effect on arterial and venous dilation as well as tissue perfusion. Our group found that low frequency ultrasound (20 kHz, 0.1 w/cm(2)) results in coronary arterial and coronary venous dilation in dogs. The magnitude of vasodilation is similar to that seen ...
Sun Hyung-Suk - - 2011
A 53-year-old man abruptly developed headache and unconsciousness. Brain computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography showed subarachnoid hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage, and multiple tortuous vascular structures on the brain stem and upper cervical spinal cord. Four-vessel angiography displayed intradural ventral arteriovenous fistula, supplied by the left vertebral and occipital arteries. Drainage ...
Rosca Monica - - 2011
AIMS: In aortic stenosis (AS), both reduced systemic arterial compliance and increased valvular load have been shown to contribute to impaired left ventricular (LV) function. However, the relationship between LV function and aortic stiffness has not yet been investigated. We aimed to assess the relationship between aortic stiffness and LV ...
Huang H - - 2011
We previously observed that focal hepatic venous outflow obstruction recovered spontaneously by the formation of sinusoidal canals in a rat model of portal hyperperfusion. We aimed to investigate whether the lack of hepatic arterial perfusion aggravates parenchymal damage, decelerates recovery and influences the formation of sinusoidal canals after focal hepatic ...
Xiao Juan J Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2011
A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 repeats-13 (ADAMTS13) inhibits platelet aggregation and arterial thrombosis by cleavage of von Willebrand factor. However, the structural components of ADAMTS13 required for inhibition of arterial thrombosis are not fully defined. Using recombinant proteins and a murine model, we demonstrated that an ADAMTS13 ...
Coates Stephanie - - 2011
Lenalidomide is a derivative of thalidomide and is FDA-approved for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome and, in combination with dexamethasone, for the treatment of relapsed multiple myeloma. Pulmonary toxicity with thalidomide is a recognized potential complication; however, there have only been two case reports in the literature of lenalidomide-associated pulmonary ...
Quaini Annalisa - - 2011
Left Ventricular Assist Devices (LVADs) are implantable mechanical pumps that temporarily aid the function of the left ventricle. The use of LVADs has been associated with thrombus formation next to the aortic valve and close to the anastomosis region, especially in patients in which the native cardiac function is negligible ...
Grandi Claudio - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of a decellularization protocol on the structure and the mechanical behavior of small-diameter (<6 mm) tibial calf arteries and veins. Calf vessels were decellularized by a detergent-enzymatic method (DEM), partially hydrolyzed with trypsin and subsequently cross-linked using poly(ethylene glycol) diglycidyl ...
Tsuji Yoshihiko - - 2011
Stent fracture with pseudoaneurysm formation in the femoropopliteal artery has uncommonly been reported. We present the case of a 72-year-old man with a fracture of self-expanding nitinol stent and a pseudoaneurysm formation in the suprageniculate popliteal artery. The popliteal artery was successfully reconstructed with a small saphenous vein graft interposition.
Head Stuart J - - 2011
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was introduced in 2006 as an alternative for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) as treatment for patients with aortic stenosis. Endocarditis after TAVI has been anecdotally reported, but concerns aroused because SAVR is often needed to explant the endocarditic valve in a high risk patient ...
Babic Srdjan - - 2011
Unlike high-grade stenosis, dissections of craniocervical arteries are a rare cause of cerebrovascular infarction. If the internal carotid artery (ICA) dissection is verified by duplex scanning or computed tomography angiography (CTA), the therapies of choice are antiplatelet and anticoagulation drugs, and surgical treatment is rarely performed. However, despite distinct clinical ...
Caputo Ronald P - - 2011
In response to growing U.S. interest, the Society for Coronary Angiography and Interventions recently formed a Transradial Committee whose purpose is to examine the utility, utilization, and training considerations related to transradial access for percutaneous coronary and peripheral procedures. With international partnership, the committee has composed a comprehensive overview of ...
Moghaddam Mahsa Bidgoli - - 2011
Splenic artery and vein aneurysm with splenic arteriovenous fistula (SAVF) is a rare entity. We report the case of a 72-year-old woman who presented with signs and symptoms of portal hypertension after a laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. The diagnosis of a 37-mm SAVF was confirmed by a computed tomographic angiogram. The ...
Bichi Samuele - - 2011
We report a 62-year-old man with an atherosclerotic Crawford type II aneurysm involving both common iliac arteries who underwent surgical revascularization of the visceral vessels and renal arteries from the ascending aorta and subsequent endovascular aneurysmal exclusion. Computed tomography imaging at 2 years showed complete exclusion of the aneurysm throughout ...
Kunizaki Masaki - - 2011
A 77-year-old woman with a history of coronary artery bypass grafting 5 years earlier presented with anemia and was diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer involving the pylorus. Preoperative angiography revealed that the right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) graft was patent. Multidetector-row computed tomography showed the running pattern of the RGEA graft ...
Chan Lap Ki - - 2011
This article describes a representation formed by a waltzing couple of two students that can be used to teach the asymmetrical anatomical relationships among the trachea, bronchi, pulmonary trunk, and the pulmonary arteries in the mediastinum.
Faggian Giuseppe - - 2011
Diagnostic delay in patients suffering massive pulmonary embolism (PE) on chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has inevitably fatal consequences. Indications to pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are limited by severe comorbid conditions, some of which, as neurologic disease, absolutely contraindicate these procedures. We reported the clinical course ...
Dengler Julius - - 2011
Giant intracranial aneurysms have a poor prognosis mainly due to their high risk of rupture. Because their incidence is low, clinical trial evidence for adequate treatment is lacking. The Giant Intracranial Aneurysm Registry is designed to document current treatment strategies in giant aneurysm care and to monitor the course of ...
Kondoh Haruhiko - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Total arch replacement with an elephant trunk is a standard treatment for arch aneurysm, but serious complications, such as paraplegia and peripheral embolization caused by flapping of the elephant trunk, remain. Moreover, dilation of the descending aorta and retrograde flow into the peri-graft space at the distal elephant trunk ...
Leipsic Jonathon - - 2011
Aortic stenosis is a common disorder. Aortic valve replacement is indicated in symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis, as the prognosis of untreated patients is poor. Nevertheless, many patients pose a prohibitively high surgical risk and are not candidates for surgical valve replacement. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a ...
Cascales Campos P - - 2011
A 41-year-old man, who had undergone liver retransplantation, was admitted to our institution complaining of rectorraghia. Gastroscopy and colonoscopy failed to detect the source of bleeding. Computed tomographic angiography detected a stenosis at the portal anastomosis. Capsule endoscopy showed the presence of multiple small bowel angiodysplasias. After a surgical failure, ...
Ravari H - - 2011
Spontaneous aortocaval fistula is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We describe two cases of spontaneous aortocaval fistula. The first patient is a woman who was admitted with abdominal pain and pulsatile abdominal mass. Another patient was a man admitted with progressive abdominal pain and hypotension. Computed tomography (CT) ...
Hua Zhongdong - - 2011
Objectives: To assess the operative and mid-term outcome of a very aggressive pulmonary annulus preservation strategy and pulmonary valve leaflet plasty technique which achieved 95% freedom of transannular patch (TAP) in complete tetralogy repair. Methods: From August 2006 through May 2010, 139 consecutive patients underwent repair of tetralogy of Fallot ...
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