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McDermott Mary M MM Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA. - - 2011
We studied associations of magnetic resonance imaging measurements of plaque area and relative percent lumen reduction in the proximal superficial femoral artery with functional performance among participants with peripheral arterial disease. The clinical significance of directly imaged plaque characteristics in lower extremity arteries is not well established. A total of ...
Obara Hideaki - - 2011
Hemosuccus pancreaticus, which is generally due to the rupture of a splenic artery aneursym into the pancreatic duct, is a rare cause of intermittent upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a rare arteriopathy. We report a 53-year-old man with hemosuccus pancreaticus due to a splenic artery aneurysm associated ...
Brown Alexa L - - 2011
A 13-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat presented with an acute onset of dyspnoea. Thoracic radiographs revealed marked, bilateral, caudal lung lobe consolidation. A diagnosis of anatomically mixed T-cell lymphoma with pulmonary, renal and alimentary involvement was confirmed on histopathology. Pulmonary involvement in cases of feline lymphoma is uncommon and ...
Tobon Miguel T - - 2011
Tricuspid atresia is a congenital cardiac anomaly that is most commonly associated with normally related great vessels and less commonly with transposition of the great vessels. When tricuspid atresia is associated with dextro-transposition of the great vessels, there is a high incidence of coarctation of the aorta. This report documents ...
Pavlisa Goran - - 2011
We present a patient with the combination of persistent primitive hypoglossal artery and the origin of left common carotid artery from the brachiocephalic trunk, who had subarachnoid haemorrhage caused by a ruptured aneurysm. The aneurysm was on distal anterior inferior cerebellar artery which was a feeder to cerebellar arterio-venous malformation.
Korol Renee M - - 2011
Erosion and rupture of surface layers in atherosclerotic plaque can cause heart attack and stroke; however changes in luminal surface composition are incompletely defined. Laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (LIFS), with limited tissue penetration, was used to investigate the surface of unstable carotid plaque and correlated with microscopy, birefringence and gene expression. ...
Uchino Akira - - 2011
PURPOSE: The type 2 proatlantal intersegmental artery (PIA) is a rare anastomosis between the external carotid artery (ECA) and vertebral artery (VA) that passes through the foramen magnum. The persistent trigeminal artery (TA) is the most common anastomosis between the internal carotid artery (ICA) and basilar artery. The purpose of ...
Tarumi Takashi - - 2011
BackgroundCentral elastic artery stiffness can increase vascular resistance and induce hypertrophic remodeling of cerebral arterioles and, in turn, may increase the risk of cerebral hypoperfusion. In this study, we examined whether central artery stiffness was directly associated with cerebral perfusion.MethodsThirty-five adults (15 men and 20 women; 49 ± 7 years) ...
Nakao Masakazu - - 2011
An 11-year-old girl with Takayasu arteritis was presented with recurrent chest pain. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed moderate to severe aortic regurgitation with impaired cardiac function. Cardiac catheterization revealed the total occlusion of the small right coronary artery and left main stenosis of 40%. An intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram showed a redundant ...
Calık Ali Nazmi - - 2011
Aerococcus viridans is not a common pathogen, and endocarditis due to A. viridans is very rare. A 44-year-old woman with persistent atrial fibrillation and rheumatic valvular heart disease was admitted with fever, sweating, weakness, and progressive shortness of breath. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) demonstrated a 8x9-mm vegetation attached to the right ...
Yamada Hidehiro - - 2011
The possible link between pulmonary fibrosis, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) positivity, and vasculitis is poorly understood. During the past 6 years, five retrospective case-control studies have been published. These studies suggest that pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is an underestimated manifestation of ANCA-associated vasculitis. Common clinical characteristics include older age (around 70 ...
S Miyachi E - - 2011
Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) can be separated into two types: DAVF which drains through an affected sinus (sinus type) and DAVF with direct reflux to the cortical vein (non-sinus type). The present report attempted to clarify the mechanism of formation and development of DAVF focusing on the emissary vein (EV) ...
Aguilar Pérez M - - 2011
We describe the case of a patient who presented with ocular symptoms (chemosis, proptosis, increased intra-ocular pressure, impaired visual acuity) eight months after the transvenous coil occlusion of an ipsilateral sigmoid sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF). Digital substraction angiography revealed a partial occlusion of the left sigmoid sinus with coils. ...
Elmalem Valerie I - - 2011
Expert interpretation of modern noninvasive neuroimaging such as computed tomographic angiography (CTA) or MRA should detect nearly all aneurysms responsible for an isolated third nerve palsy. Whether a catheter angiogram should still be obtained in cases with negative CTA or MRA remains debated and mostly relies on whether the noninvasive ...
Kwon Hyung-Min - - 2011
Dolichoectasia is a dilatation and elongation of the arteries, usually affecting intracranial basilar and vertebral arteries. It may cause posterior circulation stroke or transient ischemic attacks independent of atherosclerotic disease. Compression of cranial nerves or brainstem leads to hemifacial spasm, trigeminal neuralgia, or brainstem dysfunction (temporary or permanent). Intracranial bleeding ...
Burton Rebecca A B RA Department of Physiology, Anatomy andGenetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2011
A second right coronary artery is not at all unusual, as described here from Oxford, England.
Cognet Thomas - - 2011
We report the case of a 1-month-old boy with an unusual association of supraventricular tachycardia and anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Although signs of infarction were visible on the first electrocardiogram, the presence of an arrhythmia did not immediately suggest a coronary anomaly. Echocardiography ...
Heldenberg Eitan - - 2011
Blue toe syndrome (BTS), is a well-known entity of toe gangrene and rest pain secondary to micro emboli lodged within the digital arteries. BTS among young patients should alert physicians to look for causes such as trauma, connective tissue disease, hypercoagulability state, and others. We hereby describe a 32-year-old female ...
Okuyama Yusuke - - 2011
A 74-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with upper abdominal pain and bloody vomiting. An abdominal aneurysm compressed the third portion of the duodenum and the second portion of duodenum was distended with thickened walls as in superior mesenteric artery syndrome. Endoscopic examination showed an edematous mucosa with hemorrhagic ...
Wolfe Stacey Quintero - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE -: Cavernous malformations of the cranial nerves are exceedingly rare. The classic radiographic appearance of cavernous malformations may not be obvious when located in a cranial nerve. CLINICAL PRESENTATION -: We present two cases of acute oculomotor paresis due to cavernous malformations of the oculomotor nerve that ...
Brigo Francesco - - 2011
Ischemic oculo-pyramidal crossed syndrome, i.e. amaurosis fugax contralateral to hemiparesis, is caused by an embolus from internal carotid artery occluding the retinal or the ophthalmic artery as well as the middle cerebral artery. We report on a patient with an oculopyramidal crossed syndrome due to internal carotid artery dissection and ...
Michel Patrik - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Currently, there is no reliable method to differentiate acute from chronic carotid occlusion. We propose a novel CTA-based method to differentiate acute from chronic carotid occlusions that could potentially aid clinical management of patients. METHODS: We examined 72 patients with 89 spontaneously occluded extracranial internal carotids with CT angiography ...
Chen H - - 2011
A 58-year-old woman presented with acute onset of global aphasia. Imaging studies revealed a left frontotemporal enhancing tumor and ischemic stroke in the territory of the middle cerebral artery. The patient was operated on, and the diagnosis of glioblastoma multiforme was confirmed. At the time of surgery, several branches of ...
Cho Hyun-Ji - - 2011
Background: Evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD) and aortic atherosclerosis has been performed in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We investigated the usefulness of a dual-source CT (DSCT) protocol enabling the comprehensive evaluation of CAD and aortic atherosclerosis. The clinical characteristics of those patients who would benefit more from this ...
Muramatsu Chisako - - 2011
An automated method for measurement of arteriolar-to-venular diameter ratio (AVR) is presented. The method includes optic disc segmentation for the determination of the AVR measurement zone, retinal vessel segmentation, vessel classification into arteries and veins, selection of major vessel pairs, and measurement of AVRs. The sensitivity for the major vessels ...
Richard Sébastien - - 2011
This case describes the treatment of an 84-year-old male patient with acute bi-frontal ischemic stroke, due to thromboembolic occlusion of the A1 segment of the left anterior cerebral artery (ACA) only. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was 11. Intravenous fibrinolysis was performed with a good outcome. Repermeabilization ...
Osada S - - 2011
We report a patient with cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa, who had a 3-year history of recurrent leg and foot ulcers. Symptoms of ischaemia in the left foot, including severe pain, coldness, paraesthesia and violaceous discoloration, deteriorated abruptly, because of complete occlusion of the left anterior tibial artery. The occluded segment was ...
Salazar Richard R Department of Neurology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, - - 2011
To demonstrate varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in an asymptomatic extracranial (temporal) artery in a patient with ischemic optic neuropathy produced by VZV vasculopathy in whom the pathological changes were mistakenly identified as giant cell arteritis. Case report. Teaching hospital, pathology and virology laboratory. An 80-year-old man with left ophthalmic ...
Ohba Shigeo - - 2011
Several studies have shown the relation between Graves' disease and stenosis/occlusion of intracranial arteries. To our knowledge, only 31 cases, including our case, of concurrent Graves' disease and moyamoya syndrome or intracranial arterial stenosis/occlusion have been described. The patients were predominantly women, and their ages ranged from 10 to 54 years ...
Yamamoto Shigeyuki - - 2011
N-[(11) C]Methyl-3-piperidyl benzilate ([(11) C](+)3-MPB) was developed as a positron emission tomography (PET) ligand for muscarinic cholinergic receptor (mAChR). The aim of the present study was to validate a Logan reference tissue method as an analytical method for in vivo binding of [(11) C](+)3-MPB to mAChR. Seven monkeys (Macaca mulatta) ...
Cho Sung Ki - - 2011
Background Many collateral pathways to the liver are dissected during hepatobiliary pancreatic surgery and, if the arterial bleeding is massive and a hematoma becomes larger, the adjacent portal vein can be compressed with impairment of the portal venous flow. Purpose To evaluate the frequency and severity of ischemic liver injuries ...
Malek Brigitte N - - 2011
Carotid artery stenosis is a major risk factor leading to cerebral infarct, transient ischemic attack (TIA), and ischemic stroke in the United States. While carotid endarterectomy (CEA) surgery has been established as an effective treatment option for severe carotid artery stenosis, many risks remain inherent in performing this procedure. Surgeons ...
Cheong Jin Hwan - - 2011
Isolated hypoglossal nerve paresis due to mechanical compression from a vascular lesion is very rare. We present a case of a 32-year-old man who presented with spontaneous abrupt-onset dysarthria, swallowing difficulty and left-sided tongue atrophy. Brain computed tomographic angiography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brainstem demonstrated an abnormal course ...
Bhat Dhananjaya I - - 2011
Anterior communicating artery (AcomA) aneurysm presenting with rapidly progressing monocular visual loss is rare. We present one such case masquerading as retrobulbar optic neuritis, with no improvement following steroid therapy. Monocular blindness was due to compression of the optic nerve by a large AcomA aneurysm, which was detected after rupture.
Chien Tsu-Ming - - 2011
Abstract  Hemathorax is an uncommon but well-described complication of type B acute aortic dissection. Due to the location and anatomic relations of the descending aorta, aortic rupture of acute type B aortic dissection usually causes a left hemathorax. We now report the case of a 42-year-old male who presented with ...
Ibukuro Kenji - - 2011
PURPOSE: To clarify the variations of the intrahepatic artery and portal vein and to verify the proper segmentation for the right anterior section of the liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT during arterial portography and CT angiography were performed on 64-slice multi detector row CT in 147 patients. All images were ...
Brunner Michael - - 2011
Platypnea-orthodeoxia is a rare syndrome characterized by dyspnea and arterial deoxygenation, which is exacerbated in an upright position and relieved with recumbency. We report a case of platypnea-orthodeoxia in a 56-year-old male who was found to have bilateral lower-lobe pulmonary emboli. He did not have any evidence of an intracardiac ...
Wang Shou-Sen - - 2011
Microanatomical dissection was performed on 14 formalin-fixed human cadaveric head specimens to provide information relevant for surgical procedures involving the cistern of the lamina terminalis (LT). The cistern of the LT was located in the midline of the telencephalon and was tent-shaped. The superior wall was located between the septal ...
Fusco Matthew R - - 2011
Traumatic cerebrovascular injury (TCVI) is present in approximately 1% of all blunt force trauma patients and is associated with injuries such as head and cervical spine injuries and thoracic trauma. Increased recognition of patients with TCVI in the past quarter century has been because of aggressive screening protocols and noninvasive ...
Gharacholou S Michael - - 2011
The presence of aortic valve sclerosis has been suggested as a marker of increased cardiovascular risk, including increased mortality. However, it remains unclear whether aortic valve sclerosis is independently associated with risk or merely a marker of coexistent cardiovascular risk factors. Aortic valve sclerosis is usually diagnosed on transthoracic echocardiography, ...
Birns J - - 2011
This article describes a case of an acute left anterior cerebral artery territory stroke presenting as mutism with abulia for contralateral function. The brain imaging demonstrated an acute left parasagittal infarct associated with focal narrowing of the A3 segment of the left anterior cerebral artery. The images highlight the location ...
Ryu Chang-Woo - - 2011
The intra-arterial administration of nimodipine (IAN) is commonly used for cerebral vasospasm refractory to medical treatments. We report two cases of vasogenic edema after IAN. Our patients with aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage presented with vasospasm, which was treated by IAN. Consequently, vasogenic edema developed in the basal ganglia. Reperfusion following IAN ...
Cohen José E - - 2011
Endovascular techniques for acute stroke have evolved from a pharmacological to a mechanical approach. We report illustrative cases of successful anterior circulation recanalization in patients with large arterial occlusions, using a stent-based technique to perform arterial recanalization and thrombectomy, without permanent stent implantation. Four patients (mean age 59years), presented with ...
Lee Cheol Young - - 2011
We report a patient with a rare dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar vein, who presented with unusual clinical symptoms due to the anomalous venous drainage. The patient had progressive ocular signs, a dilated venous pouch at the skull base and, on angiography, retrograde venous drainage into the superior ...
Olin Jeffrey W - - 2011
Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a nonatherosclerotic noninflammatory vascular disease that primarily affects women from age 20 to 60, but may also occur in infants and children, men, and the elderly. It most commonly affects the renal and carotid arteries but has been observed in almost every artery in the body. ...
Menon Bijoy K - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Quicker recanalization results in better clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic strokes. We describe our experience with the use of a self-expanding, fully retrievable stent in acute intracranial occlusions. METHODS: Patients who underwent intra-arterial procedures with a self-expanding, fully retrievable stent for acute ischemic strokes at our center ...
Eid N - - 2011
The persistent median artery (PMA) may compress the median nerve (MN) and may be a significant supply of blood to the hand. Two cases of unilateral PMA (4%) were detected during the dissection of 50 upper limbs. The first case was a 75-year-old, right-handed male who suffered from chronic pain ...
Menon Bijoy K - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Mortality in acute ischemic middle cerebral artery (MCA) stroke ranges from 5% to 45%. We identify a vascular imaging sign, presence of "prominent anterior temporal artery" on computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA) and investigate whether it predicts mortality in acute M1-MCA occlusions. METHODS: One hundred and two patients with ...
McMahon Rebecca E - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential of hydrogel-electrospun mesh hybrid scaffolds as coronary artery bypass grafts. The circumferential mechanical properties of blood vessels modulate a broad range of phenomena, including vessel stress and mass transport, which, in turn, have a critical impact on cardiovascular function. ...
Huo Gang - - 2011
To discuss predisposing factors of chronic hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid space hemorrhage (aSAH). Clinical data of treating 32 patients with chronic hydrocephalus after aSAH through operations was retrospectively analyzed and processed. The incidence rate of chronic hydrocephalus of patients with an age above 60 years, Hunt-Hess III-IV level, posterior circulation ...
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