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Takei Hirofumi - - 2012
IgG4-related disease (IgG4RD) is a unique systemic lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by elevated serum IgG4 levels and IgG4-producing plasma cell expansion in the affected tissues, which are accompanied by fibrotic or sclerotic changes. Vascular lesions may also be a part of IgG4RD as a number of case reports have discussed inflammatory ...
Parikh Hardik - - 2012
Venous thrombosis has been described in patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis. This is especially common in portal vein, splenic vein and superior mesenteric vein. To the best of our knowledge, involvement of superior vena cava and subclavian vessel due to pancreatitis has not been reported. We present here a ...
Anderson Richard C E RC Columbia University, Department of Neurological Surgery, New York, New York, USA. - - 2012
Conventional cerebral angiography and treatment for ruptured arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in children are often performed in a delayed fashion. In adults, current literature suggests that AVM-associated aneurysms may be more likely to hemorrhage than isolated AVMs, which often leads to earlier angiography and endovascular treatment of associated aneurysms. The nature ...
Feier Horea - - 2011
The simultaneous existence of double orifice right and left atrioventricular valves in the absence of ostium primum defects is rare and scarcely reported. We present the case of a 20-month old boy diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia who was found to have associated double-orifice mitral and tricuspid ...
Park Joo Hyun - - 2011
Primary spindle cell sarcoma in the heart is a very uncommon disease. Although primary atrial or pulmonary vein spindle cell sarcomas have been sporadically reported, pericardial spindle cell sarcoma is rarely seen in currently available data. The commentary here is on a primary pericardial spindle cell sarcoma that was preliminarily ...
Arndt Jason - - 2011
Three eight-week-old golden retriever puppy littermates were evaluated because of left basilar systolic murmurs and were diagnosed with primary infundibular stenosis. Pedigree analysis in this line was also performed to identify a mode of inheritance. All dogs were asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis; two of the three had congenital ...
Fesslova Vlasta - - 2012
Cor triatriatum dexter is a rare congenital anomaly, caused by the persistence of the right valve of the sinus venosus, which divides the right atrium into two chambers and its diagnosis is rather difficult, due to the features often mimicking Ebstein's anomaly. We describe a case followed from the foetal ...
Schrijver E J M - - 2011
We report an unusual case of severe abdominal arterial thrombosis in a young woman using oral desmopressin. Only a few cases with cerebrovascular accidents and coronary syndromes have been described so far, which could be attributed to intravenous administration of desmopressin. Because extensive diagnostic and laboratory investigations for (un)common coagulation ...
Won Moon - - 2011
To date, there has been no report on duodenal intramural hematoma following transcatheter arterial embolization in bleeding duodenal ulcer refractory to endoscopic hemostasis. We experienced a case of obstructive cholangitis and pancreatitis secondary to duodenal intramural hematoma associated with transcatheter arterial embolization, following endoscopic hemostatic procedures for a bleeding duodenal ...
Son B - - 2011
Persistent carotid-vertebrobasilar anastomoses (PCVBA) include the primitive trigeminal artery (PTA), the primitive otic artery (POA), the primitive hypoglossal artery and proatlantal arteries (ProAs). The PTA is the most commonly seen of these accounting for approximately 80-85% of PCVBAs. The PTA which connects the internal carotid artery (ICA) to the basilar ...
Raboisson Marie-Josée - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether changes of uterine arteries and aortic isthmus Doppler blood flow recordings could enhance the prediction of necrotizing enterocolitis. STUDY DESIGN: Doppler characteristics of the uterine artery, umbilical and middle cerebral arteries, ductus venosus, and aortic isthmus were reviewed in 123 ...
Nazir Tahir - - 2011
We report the case of an 85-year-old male with platypnoea-orthodeoxia associated with patent foramen ovale (PFO) and ectatic ascending aorta, in the absence of any significant pulmonary pathology.
Sadahiro Hirokazu - - 2011
We report the case of a 67-year-old man with repeating cerebral embolism caused by a dolichoectatic right common carotid artery. The patient had a history of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, cigarette smoking, and a postoperative abdominal aortic aneurysm. He presented with a sudden onset of weakness of the left arm and leg. ...
Tamin Syahidah Syed - - 2011
This case report describes a 20-year-old woman with Turner's syndrome who presented with reduced effort tolerance limited by dyspnea. She had previously been on pediatric cardiology follow-up for congenital subvalvular aortic stenosis first diagnosed at age 7. Unfortunately she defaulted after two visits before any intervention could be done. Transthoracic ...
Ndiaye Assane - - 2011
The azygos lobe is a rare anomaly in broncho-pulmonary segmentation due to an unusual course of the azygos vein. Its radiological aspects are well known but there are few anatomical reports about its bronchial and vascular components. The authors describe the characteristic features in a particular case of the azygos ...
Iwata Shinichi - - 2012
It is unclear whether cardiovascular disease is present in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Aortic valve structure and function were compared in PHPT patients and population-based controls. This is a case-control study. The study was conducted in a university hospital metabolic bone disease unit. We studied 51 patients with PHPT and 49 ...
Mayer O O - - 2011
There is accumulating evidence that vitamin D exerts important pathophysiological effects on cardiovascular system. Low vitamin D was associated with increased cardiovascular risk in several reports. We studied the association between vitamin D and arterial stiffness in a random sample of 560 subjects selected from general population. Arterial stiffness was ...
Parsi Kurosh - - 2011
Reticulate eruptions of vascular origin may represent an underlying arterial, venous, microvascular or combined pathology. In the presence of arterial pathology, individual rings are centred around ascending arterial vessels that supply the corresponding area of skin within an arterial hexagon that clinically presents with a blanched centre. Confluence of multiple ...
Kharge Jayashree - - 2011
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare disease characterized by atrio-ventricular and ventriculo-arterial discordance (double discordance) and is associated with other cardiac anomalies in the majority of cases. The important associated anomalies include ventricular septal defect, abnormalities of left atrioventricular valve, subpulmonary stenosis, and conduction abnormalities. However, ...
Shields Lisa B E - - 2011
Classical polyarteritis nodosa (cPAN) refers to a rare, potentially fatal systemic transmural necrotizing vasculitis that usually affects medium-sized, and occasionally small, muscular arteries, primarily involves the kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, skin, nervous system, joints, and muscles, and is rarely, if ever, expressed in the lungs. The incidence of mortality has significantly ...
Siewiorek Gail M GM Biomedical Engineering Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, United - - 2012
Plaque composition is a potentially important diagnostic feature for carotid artery stenting (CAS). The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the reproducibility of manual border correction in intravascular ultrasound with virtual histology (VH IVUS) images. Three images each were obtained from 51 CAS datasets on which automatic border detection ...
Bourré-Tessier J - - 2011
Objectives. To determine the prevalence of echocardiographic abnormalities and identify associated clinical and laboratory features in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohort. Methods. Patients fulfilling ACR criteria for SLE underwent a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) between January 2005 and June 2006. Variables used as potential correlates included age, sex, ethnicity, ...
Cummings Matthew S - - 2011
With increasing use of transradial access (TRA) to perform coronary angiography, arterial anomalies of the upper extremity are more frequently encountered. We describe a patient with an aberrant right subclavian artery (RSCA) originating as the last major branch of the aortic arch, which eventually led to failure of the transradial ...
Grodin Justin L - - 2011
Prior reports have associated increased circulating levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), an endopeptidase active in the extracellular matrix, with the formation and rupture of aortic aneurysms, raising the possibility that MMP-9 may be a useful diagnostic or therapeutic target for aortic pathology. However, associations between MMP-9 and pathological abdominal aortic ...
Maroney Justin - - 2011
A 48-year-old man with past medical history of coronary artery disease, previous angioplasty, hyperlipidemia, and generalized anxiety disorder presented with atypical chest pain. Coronary angiography and CT angiography revealed a variant dual left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery not previously described. Spindola-Franco et al. have categorized dual LAD into four ...
Soler Artigas María M Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2011
Pulmonary function measures reflect respiratory health and are used in the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We tested genome-wide association with forced expiratory volume in 1 second and the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity in 48,201 individuals of European ancestry with follow ...
Kantake Masashi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has been considered to be caused by single or recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE) arising from deep vein thrombosis (DVT). In Japan, female predominance and association of HLA-B*5201 with CTEPH unrelated to DVT were reported. In acute PE residual proximal DVT is associated with larger ...
Bronshtein Moshe - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report fetal right-sided persistent ductus arteriosus (RPDA) in association with right aortic arch (RAA). STUDY DESIGN: Extensive sonographic fetal anatomical scans were consecutively performed on 19,874 private, self-referred pregnant women who wanted early sonographic detection of fetal anomalies. RESULTS: Of 19,874 transvaginal (TVS) sonographic examinations 40 fetuses had ...
Kim Jinkwon - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerosis. Measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV) is one of the most representative and noninvasive techniques for assessing arterial stiffness. We investigated the association of cerebral atherosclerosis with brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) in acute ischemic stroke patients. If present, we sought ...
Shimizu Yuzaburo - - 2012
A 61-year-old woman presented with painful ophthalmoplegia, Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. The patient had undergone a placement of dental implant 5 months before the presentation and had a local maxillary sinusitis 1 month later. She had not been aware of any preceding head trauma or infection. On examination, the patient showed serious ...
Bis Joshua C JC Cardiovascular Health Research Unit and Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2011
Carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and plaque determined by ultrasonography are established measures of subclinical atherosclerosis that each predicts future cardiovascular disease events. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association data in 31,211 participants of European ancestry from nine large studies in the setting of the Cohorts for Heart and ...
Veetil Bharath Manu Akkara - - 2011
  Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis of childhood. It is usually self-limiting and is characterized by an immune complex-mediated vasculitis associated with IgA deposition. We present an unusual case of HSP with mucosal lesions and coronary artery thickening.
Niknam Ramin - - 2011
Although gastrointestinal bleeding is common, hemobilia due to the rupture of hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm is uncommon. We report a case of hemobilia which was successfully treated via angiography.
Schultz Carl - - 2011
Aims: We compared the measurement of aortic leaflet calcification on contrast and non-contrast MSCT and investigated predictors of the need for balloon post-dilatation after TAVI. Methods and results: In 110 patients, who had TAVI with a Medtronic CoreValve prosthesis (MCS) for symptomatic aortic stenosis, calcification of the aortic root was ...
Challa Suresh - - 2011
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is an acute cardiac syndrome characterized by transient regional wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricular apex or midventricle. Patients often present with chest pain or dyspnoea, ST-segment elevation, and minor elevations of cardiac enzyme levels. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has been associated with severe emotional or physical stress such ...
Williamson J Ml - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Pancreaticoduodenal (PD) artery aneurysms account for less than 2% of all splanchnic aneurysms. A mycotic aetiology is extremely uncommon. INTRODUCTION: Two weeks following an episode of sepsis related to a prostatic biopsy, a 59-year-old man presented with abdominal pain and anaemia. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed an inferior PD ...
Kato Naoki - - 2011
A patient who presented with trigeminal neuralgia associated with a persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) is presented. A 62-year-old woman suffering from right orbital pain was admitted to the hospital. Medical treatment for three months was ineffective, and her neuralgia had deteriorated and gradually spread in the maxillary division. Magnetic ...
Lv Xianli X Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2011
To analyze the characteristics of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) associated with cerebral aneurysms. A total of 302 consecutive, retrospectively reviewed patients from the Beijing Tiantan Hospital were analyzed in this study. The presence of cerebral aneurysm was confirmed by pretherapeutic selective and superselective angiography. Clinical presentation was categorized as intracranial ...
Hook J L JL Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 622 W 168th Street, PH-14, Room 104, New York, NY 10032, - - 2012
The supplemental oxygen flow rate is a common bedside measure of gas exchange impairment. We aimed to determine whether a titrated oxygen requirement (TOR) predicted mortality in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We examined 104 adults with IPF enrolled in a prospective cohort study and a validation cohort of 151 adults ...
Conde Lucia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified associations with myocardial infarction and coronary artery disease (CAD), but the mechanisms underlying these associations remain largely unclear. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a measure of early arterial remodeling and arteriosclerosis. Therefore, if CAD associated SNPs are also associated with carotid IMT; ...
Bos Daniel - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Calcification in atherosclerotic plaques is a novel marker of atherosclerosis and is related to cardiovascular disease. However, its relationship with cerebrovascular disease has not been investigated extensively. We investigated the relationship between calcification in various vessel beds outside the brain and imaging markers of vascular brain disease. METHODS AND ...
Rutsch Frank F Department of General Pediatrics, Münster University Children's Hospital, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, D-48149 Münster, Germany. - - 2011
Artery calcification reflects an admixture of factors such as ectopic osteochondral differentiation with primary host pathological conditions. We review how genetic factors, as identified by human genome-wide association studies, and incomplete correlations with various mouse studies, including knockout and strain analyses, fit into "pieces of the puzzle" in intimal calcification ...
Kang Soo-Jin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The polygon of confluence (POC) represents the zone of confluence of the distal left main (LM), ostial left anterior descending [LAD], and ostial left circumflex [LCX] arteries. METHODS: We used intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to assess the POC pre and post-drug-eluting stent implantation for unprotected distal LM disease. Four segments ...
Sun Z D Y - - 2011
Isolated popliteal venous entrapment is unusual and often caused by variation or aberrant origins of the gastrocnemius muscle, thickened perivenous fascia or an abnormal vascular bundle. We report a unique case of a fit and well 35-year-old man with popliteal venous entrapment after presenting to the vascular unit with symptomatic ...
Dugat D - - 2011
Objectives: To quantitatively describe the intramedullary arterial supply of the adult feline tibia and determine if the arterial supply is significantly different from that of adult small dogs. Methods: Cadaveric feline and canine pelvic limbs were obtained to prospectively investigate the intramedullary arterial supply of the tibia. A microvascular injection ...
Moza Ankush - - 2011
A 29-year-old man with anginal chest pain and recurrent syncopal attacks was observed with invasive and noninvasive cardiodiagnostic techniques, which disclosed an anomalous origin of right coronary artery from the left coronary cusp and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. The authors report a very rare coexistence of these 2 clinical entities, both ...
Lee Seo-Young - - 2011
Parturition increases the risk of strokes of various types, including postpartum cerebral angiopathy (PCA), which is characterized by reversible multifocal vasoconstriction of the cerebral arteries. We describe an unusual presentation of PCA associated with postpartum non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 31-year-old multiparous woman complained of sudden headache 3hours after an ...
Ruder Thomas D - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive or virtual autopsies are being advocated as alternative to traditional autopsy, but have limited abilities to detect coronary artery disease. It was the objective of this study to assess if the occurrence of chemical shift artifacts (CSA) along the coronary arteries on non-contrast, post-mortem cardiac MR may ...
Bi Sheng - - 2011
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis caused by paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is uncommon. Our case is a 44-year-old woman who presented with a 2 day history of headaches, nausea, and seizures followed by a Todd`s paresis; she had been diagnosed as paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria for 4 years. A magnetic resonance venography revealed ...
Meel B L - - 2011
Coronary artery anomalies, after hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, are the second most common cause of exercise-related sudden cardiac deaths. These anomalies have been associated with myocardial ischaemia, arrhythmia and sudden death during exercise. Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva with anterior or posterior courses is ...
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