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Bourré-Tessier J - - 2011
Objectives. To determine the prevalence of echocardiographic abnormalities and identify associated clinical and laboratory features in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohort. Methods. Patients fulfilling ACR criteria for SLE underwent a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) between January 2005 and June 2006. Variables used as potential correlates included age, sex, ethnicity, ...
Cummings Matthew S - - 2011
With increasing use of transradial access (TRA) to perform coronary angiography, arterial anomalies of the upper extremity are more frequently encountered. We describe a patient with an aberrant right subclavian artery (RSCA) originating as the last major branch of the aortic arch, which eventually led to failure of the transradial ...
Grodin Justin L - - 2011
Prior reports have associated increased circulating levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), an endopeptidase active in the extracellular matrix, with the formation and rupture of aortic aneurysms, raising the possibility that MMP-9 may be a useful diagnostic or therapeutic target for aortic pathology. However, associations between MMP-9 and pathological abdominal aortic ...
Maroney Justin - - 2011
A 48-year-old man with past medical history of coronary artery disease, previous angioplasty, hyperlipidemia, and generalized anxiety disorder presented with atypical chest pain. Coronary angiography and CT angiography revealed a variant dual left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery not previously described. Spindola-Franco et al. have categorized dual LAD into four ...
Soler Artigas María M Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2011
Pulmonary function measures reflect respiratory health and are used in the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We tested genome-wide association with forced expiratory volume in 1 second and the ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity in 48,201 individuals of European ancestry with follow ...
Kantake Masashi - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has been considered to be caused by single or recurrent pulmonary embolism (PE) arising from deep vein thrombosis (DVT). In Japan, female predominance and association of HLA-B*5201 with CTEPH unrelated to DVT were reported. In acute PE residual proximal DVT is associated with larger ...
Bronshtein Moshe - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To report fetal right-sided persistent ductus arteriosus (RPDA) in association with right aortic arch (RAA). STUDY DESIGN: Extensive sonographic fetal anatomical scans were consecutively performed on 19,874 private, self-referred pregnant women who wanted early sonographic detection of fetal anomalies. RESULTS: Of 19,874 transvaginal (TVS) sonographic examinations 40 fetuses had ...
Kim Jinkwon - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Arterial stiffness is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerosis. Measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV) is one of the most representative and noninvasive techniques for assessing arterial stiffness. We investigated the association of cerebral atherosclerosis with brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV) in acute ischemic stroke patients. If present, we sought ...
Shimizu Yuzaburo - - 2012
A 61-year-old woman presented with painful ophthalmoplegia, Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. The patient had undergone a placement of dental implant 5 months before the presentation and had a local maxillary sinusitis 1 month later. She had not been aware of any preceding head trauma or infection. On examination, the patient showed serious ...
Bis Joshua C JC Cardiovascular Health Research Unit and Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2011
Carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) and plaque determined by ultrasonography are established measures of subclinical atherosclerosis that each predicts future cardiovascular disease events. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association data in 31,211 participants of European ancestry from nine large studies in the setting of the Cohorts for Heart and ...
Veetil Bharath Manu Akkara - - 2011
  Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is the most common vasculitis of childhood. It is usually self-limiting and is characterized by an immune complex-mediated vasculitis associated with IgA deposition. We present an unusual case of HSP with mucosal lesions and coronary artery thickening.
Niknam Ramin - - 2011
Although gastrointestinal bleeding is common, hemobilia due to the rupture of hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm is uncommon. We report a case of hemobilia which was successfully treated via angiography.
Schultz Carl - - 2011
Aims: We compared the measurement of aortic leaflet calcification on contrast and non-contrast MSCT and investigated predictors of the need for balloon post-dilatation after TAVI. Methods and results: In 110 patients, who had TAVI with a Medtronic CoreValve prosthesis (MCS) for symptomatic aortic stenosis, calcification of the aortic root was ...
Challa Suresh - - 2011
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is an acute cardiac syndrome characterized by transient regional wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricular apex or midventricle. Patients often present with chest pain or dyspnoea, ST-segment elevation, and minor elevations of cardiac enzyme levels. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has been associated with severe emotional or physical stress such ...
Williamson J Ml - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Pancreaticoduodenal (PD) artery aneurysms account for less than 2% of all splanchnic aneurysms. A mycotic aetiology is extremely uncommon. INTRODUCTION: Two weeks following an episode of sepsis related to a prostatic biopsy, a 59-year-old man presented with abdominal pain and anaemia. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed an inferior PD ...
Kato Naoki - - 2011
A patient who presented with trigeminal neuralgia associated with a persistent primitive trigeminal artery (PPTA) is presented. A 62-year-old woman suffering from right orbital pain was admitted to the hospital. Medical treatment for three months was ineffective, and her neuralgia had deteriorated and gradually spread in the maxillary division. Magnetic ...
Lv Xianli X Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2011
To analyze the characteristics of brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) associated with cerebral aneurysms. A total of 302 consecutive, retrospectively reviewed patients from the Beijing Tiantan Hospital were analyzed in this study. The presence of cerebral aneurysm was confirmed by pretherapeutic selective and superselective angiography. Clinical presentation was categorized as intracranial ...
Hook J L JL Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 622 W 168th Street, PH-14, Room 104, New York, NY 10032, - - 2012
The supplemental oxygen flow rate is a common bedside measure of gas exchange impairment. We aimed to determine whether a titrated oxygen requirement (TOR) predicted mortality in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We examined 104 adults with IPF enrolled in a prospective cohort study and a validation cohort of 151 adults ...
Conde Lucia - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified associations with myocardial infarction and coronary artery disease (CAD), but the mechanisms underlying these associations remain largely unclear. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a measure of early arterial remodeling and arteriosclerosis. Therefore, if CAD associated SNPs are also associated with carotid IMT; ...
Bos Daniel - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Calcification in atherosclerotic plaques is a novel marker of atherosclerosis and is related to cardiovascular disease. However, its relationship with cerebrovascular disease has not been investigated extensively. We investigated the relationship between calcification in various vessel beds outside the brain and imaging markers of vascular brain disease. METHODS AND ...
Rutsch Frank F Department of General Pediatrics, Münster University Children's Hospital, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, D-48149 Münster, Germany. - - 2011
Artery calcification reflects an admixture of factors such as ectopic osteochondral differentiation with primary host pathological conditions. We review how genetic factors, as identified by human genome-wide association studies, and incomplete correlations with various mouse studies, including knockout and strain analyses, fit into "pieces of the puzzle" in intimal calcification ...
Kang Soo-Jin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The polygon of confluence (POC) represents the zone of confluence of the distal left main (LM), ostial left anterior descending [LAD], and ostial left circumflex [LCX] arteries. METHODS: We used intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to assess the POC pre and post-drug-eluting stent implantation for unprotected distal LM disease. Four segments ...
Sun Z D Y - - 2011
Isolated popliteal venous entrapment is unusual and often caused by variation or aberrant origins of the gastrocnemius muscle, thickened perivenous fascia or an abnormal vascular bundle. We report a unique case of a fit and well 35-year-old man with popliteal venous entrapment after presenting to the vascular unit with symptomatic ...
Dugat D - - 2011
Objectives: To quantitatively describe the intramedullary arterial supply of the adult feline tibia and determine if the arterial supply is significantly different from that of adult small dogs. Methods: Cadaveric feline and canine pelvic limbs were obtained to prospectively investigate the intramedullary arterial supply of the tibia. A microvascular injection ...
Moza Ankush - - 2011
A 29-year-old man with anginal chest pain and recurrent syncopal attacks was observed with invasive and noninvasive cardiodiagnostic techniques, which disclosed an anomalous origin of right coronary artery from the left coronary cusp and hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy. The authors report a very rare coexistence of these 2 clinical entities, both ...
Lee Seo-Young - - 2011
Parturition increases the risk of strokes of various types, including postpartum cerebral angiopathy (PCA), which is characterized by reversible multifocal vasoconstriction of the cerebral arteries. We describe an unusual presentation of PCA associated with postpartum non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 31-year-old multiparous woman complained of sudden headache 3hours after an ...
Ruder Thomas D - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive or virtual autopsies are being advocated as alternative to traditional autopsy, but have limited abilities to detect coronary artery disease. It was the objective of this study to assess if the occurrence of chemical shift artifacts (CSA) along the coronary arteries on non-contrast, post-mortem cardiac MR may ...
Bi Sheng - - 2011
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis caused by paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is uncommon. Our case is a 44-year-old woman who presented with a 2 day history of headaches, nausea, and seizures followed by a Todd`s paresis; she had been diagnosed as paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria for 4 years. A magnetic resonance venography revealed ...
Meel B L - - 2011
Coronary artery anomalies, after hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, are the second most common cause of exercise-related sudden cardiac deaths. These anomalies have been associated with myocardial ischaemia, arrhythmia and sudden death during exercise. Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the right sinus of Valsalva with anterior or posterior courses is ...
McDermott Mary M MM Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, USA. - - 2011
We studied associations of magnetic resonance imaging measurements of plaque area and relative percent lumen reduction in the proximal superficial femoral artery with functional performance among participants with peripheral arterial disease. The clinical significance of directly imaged plaque characteristics in lower extremity arteries is not well established. A total of ...
Obara Hideaki - - 2011
Hemosuccus pancreaticus, which is generally due to the rupture of a splenic artery aneursym into the pancreatic duct, is a rare cause of intermittent upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a rare arteriopathy. We report a 53-year-old man with hemosuccus pancreaticus due to a splenic artery aneurysm associated ...
Brown Alexa L - - 2011
A 13-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat presented with an acute onset of dyspnoea. Thoracic radiographs revealed marked, bilateral, caudal lung lobe consolidation. A diagnosis of anatomically mixed T-cell lymphoma with pulmonary, renal and alimentary involvement was confirmed on histopathology. Pulmonary involvement in cases of feline lymphoma is uncommon and ...
Tobon Miguel T - - 2011
Tricuspid atresia is a congenital cardiac anomaly that is most commonly associated with normally related great vessels and less commonly with transposition of the great vessels. When tricuspid atresia is associated with dextro-transposition of the great vessels, there is a high incidence of coarctation of the aorta. This report documents ...
Pavlisa Goran - - 2011
We present a patient with the combination of persistent primitive hypoglossal artery and the origin of left common carotid artery from the brachiocephalic trunk, who had subarachnoid haemorrhage caused by a ruptured aneurysm. The aneurysm was on distal anterior inferior cerebellar artery which was a feeder to cerebellar arterio-venous malformation.
Korol Renee M - - 2011
Erosion and rupture of surface layers in atherosclerotic plaque can cause heart attack and stroke; however changes in luminal surface composition are incompletely defined. Laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (LIFS), with limited tissue penetration, was used to investigate the surface of unstable carotid plaque and correlated with microscopy, birefringence and gene expression. ...
Uchino Akira - - 2011
PURPOSE: The type 2 proatlantal intersegmental artery (PIA) is a rare anastomosis between the external carotid artery (ECA) and vertebral artery (VA) that passes through the foramen magnum. The persistent trigeminal artery (TA) is the most common anastomosis between the internal carotid artery (ICA) and basilar artery. The purpose of ...
Tarumi Takashi - - 2011
BackgroundCentral elastic artery stiffness can increase vascular resistance and induce hypertrophic remodeling of cerebral arterioles and, in turn, may increase the risk of cerebral hypoperfusion. In this study, we examined whether central artery stiffness was directly associated with cerebral perfusion.MethodsThirty-five adults (15 men and 20 women; 49 ± 7 years) ...
Nakao Masakazu - - 2011
An 11-year-old girl with Takayasu arteritis was presented with recurrent chest pain. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed moderate to severe aortic regurgitation with impaired cardiac function. Cardiac catheterization revealed the total occlusion of the small right coronary artery and left main stenosis of 40%. An intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram showed a redundant ...
Calık Ali Nazmi - - 2011
Aerococcus viridans is not a common pathogen, and endocarditis due to A. viridans is very rare. A 44-year-old woman with persistent atrial fibrillation and rheumatic valvular heart disease was admitted with fever, sweating, weakness, and progressive shortness of breath. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) demonstrated a 8x9-mm vegetation attached to the right ...
Yamada Hidehiro - - 2011
The possible link between pulmonary fibrosis, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) positivity, and vasculitis is poorly understood. During the past 6 years, five retrospective case-control studies have been published. These studies suggest that pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is an underestimated manifestation of ANCA-associated vasculitis. Common clinical characteristics include older age (around 70 ...
S Miyachi E - - 2011
Dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) can be separated into two types: DAVF which drains through an affected sinus (sinus type) and DAVF with direct reflux to the cortical vein (non-sinus type). The present report attempted to clarify the mechanism of formation and development of DAVF focusing on the emissary vein (EV) ...
Aguilar Pérez M - - 2011
We describe the case of a patient who presented with ocular symptoms (chemosis, proptosis, increased intra-ocular pressure, impaired visual acuity) eight months after the transvenous coil occlusion of an ipsilateral sigmoid sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF). Digital substraction angiography revealed a partial occlusion of the left sigmoid sinus with coils. ...
Elmalem Valerie I - - 2011
Expert interpretation of modern noninvasive neuroimaging such as computed tomographic angiography (CTA) or MRA should detect nearly all aneurysms responsible for an isolated third nerve palsy. Whether a catheter angiogram should still be obtained in cases with negative CTA or MRA remains debated and mostly relies on whether the noninvasive ...
Kwon Hyung-Min - - 2011
Dolichoectasia is a dilatation and elongation of the arteries, usually affecting intracranial basilar and vertebral arteries. It may cause posterior circulation stroke or transient ischemic attacks independent of atherosclerotic disease. Compression of cranial nerves or brainstem leads to hemifacial spasm, trigeminal neuralgia, or brainstem dysfunction (temporary or permanent). Intracranial bleeding ...
Burton Rebecca A B RA Department of Physiology, Anatomy andGenetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2011
A second right coronary artery is not at all unusual, as described here from Oxford, England.
Cognet Thomas - - 2011
We report the case of a 1-month-old boy with an unusual association of supraventricular tachycardia and anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. Although signs of infarction were visible on the first electrocardiogram, the presence of an arrhythmia did not immediately suggest a coronary anomaly. Echocardiography ...
Heldenberg Eitan - - 2011
Blue toe syndrome (BTS), is a well-known entity of toe gangrene and rest pain secondary to micro emboli lodged within the digital arteries. BTS among young patients should alert physicians to look for causes such as trauma, connective tissue disease, hypercoagulability state, and others. We hereby describe a 32-year-old female ...
Okuyama Yusuke - - 2011
A 74-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with upper abdominal pain and bloody vomiting. An abdominal aneurysm compressed the third portion of the duodenum and the second portion of duodenum was distended with thickened walls as in superior mesenteric artery syndrome. Endoscopic examination showed an edematous mucosa with hemorrhagic ...
Wolfe Stacey Quintero - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE -: Cavernous malformations of the cranial nerves are exceedingly rare. The classic radiographic appearance of cavernous malformations may not be obvious when located in a cranial nerve. CLINICAL PRESENTATION -: We present two cases of acute oculomotor paresis due to cavernous malformations of the oculomotor nerve that ...
Brigo Francesco - - 2011
Ischemic oculo-pyramidal crossed syndrome, i.e. amaurosis fugax contralateral to hemiparesis, is caused by an embolus from internal carotid artery occluding the retinal or the ophthalmic artery as well as the middle cerebral artery. We report on a patient with an oculopyramidal crossed syndrome due to internal carotid artery dissection and ...
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