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O'Brien Stephen - - 2011
A 63-year-old woman with a previous episode of Streptococcus agalactiae endocarditis requiring a bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement presented with a short history of malaise, a right panopthalmitis with a Roth spot on funduscopy of the left eye and Streptococcus pneumoniae grown from vitreous and aqueous taps as well as blood ...
Lansac Emmanuel E Cardiac Surgery, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, - - 2011
Aortic root aneurysms are characterized by dilation of both functional aortic annulus diameters (aortic annular base and sino-tubular junction), preventing coaptation of otherwise pliable valves often associated with cusp prolapse. Multiple techniques of aortic valve sparing procedures try to restore the complex interplay of aortic valve and root function in ...
Seki Mamiko - - 2010
A 13 year-old neutered female Shi Tzu was referred for the investigation of a cranial abdominal mass. Investigations including conventional radiography, abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography confirmed the mass in the caudate lobe of the liver. As a collateral vein originated from the caudal vena cava (CVC) communicated with the ...
Yu Simon C H - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: It is hypothesized that a venographic-based operational classification of dural carotid-cavernous fistula (DCCF) will facilitate early selection of the optimal venous route and enhance the efficacy of transvenous catheterization and embolization of the cavernous sinus. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 97 patients who presented with symptomatic DCCF. ...
Barnett Brad P - - 2011
To evaluate the embolic properties of an alginate-based embolic biomaterial (EmboGel) and its solvent (EmboClear) in treatment of aneurysms. EmboGel is a mixture of iohexol and alginate that polymerizes into a hydrocoil when delivered through a coaxial catheter with a distal mixing tip, exposing alginate to a calcium chloride solution. ...
Zhang Lin-Hua - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous work in our laboratory has demonstrated that the anti-DNA antibody-immobilized stent results in highly site-specific gene delivery in a rabbit carotid model. As a result of the similarity in the anatomy and physiology of the pig and human cardiovascular systems, the porcine coronary stent model was used in ...
Zhang Wendy - - 2010
Objectives. To determine whether renal function predicts the development of cardiovascular disease and other arterial vascular events in patients with SLE. Method. An inception cohort of 437 females was studied. Baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using serum creatinine and the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease ...
Kakkos Stavros K - - 2010
Objective: To test the hypothesis that routine preoperative mapping and transposed brachial-basilic vein fistula (TBBVF) increases arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) construction rates, without altering maturation rate. Patients: Over a 4-year period, 709 vascular accesses were performed, including 467 AVFs (radial-cephalic fistula [RCF], n = 217, brachial-cephalic fistula [BCF], n = 139, ...
Brook Olga R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe radiological appearances of systemic air emboli versus intravascular air from putrefaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hospital trauma database was searched for patients who underwent computed tomography (CT) autopsy. The studies were reviewed and evaluated for intravascular gas. The appearances and location of intravascular air were characterised. RESULTS: ...
de Lima Sanches Priscila - - 2011
The aim of this study was to verify whether a 1-year interdisciplinary weight-loss program improved common carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and whether insulin resistance and/or inflammation (as measured by the markers plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 and adiponectin) might underlie obesity in adolescents. A group of 29 post-pubescent obese adolescents ...
Stanisic M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess morphological and immunohistochemical differences in arterial wall inflammation during primary and secondary vascular reconstructions. Forty patients with lower extremities ischemia underwent vascular reconstruction: Group I included patients undergoing primary vascular reconstruction with 25 minor arterial reconstructive procedures; Group II included patients undergoing ...
Enouri Saad - - 2011
Mechanisms of mechanically induced venous tone and its interaction with the endothelium and key vasoactive neurohormones are not well established. We investigated the contribution of the endothelium, l-type voltage-operated calcium channels (l-VOCCs), and PKC and Rho kinase to myogenic reactivity in mesenteric vessels exposed to increasing transmural pressure. The interaction ...
Miyayama Shiro - - 2011
To evaluate the origins of feeders of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the caudate lobe (S1). Eighty-eight HCCs (mean diameter 21.4 mm) were treated by chemoembolization. The tumor-feeding caudate artery was confirmed when a tumor stain was demonstrated on angiogram and iodized oil was accumulated into the HCC and S1 on computed ...
Matsuse Shinji - - 2011
Sevoflurane is widely used for its rapid onset and offset due to a lower blood/gas coefficient. However, involuntary movements, tachycardia, and hypertension have been observed in some patients despite a continuing constantly delivered concentration of sevoflurane during 1-lung ventilation (OLV), indicating the possibility of insufficient depth of anesthesia. We observed ...
Filova Elena - - 2011
Autologous vein grafts are often used for treating damaged vessels, e.g. arteriovenous fistulas or arterial bypass conduits. Veins have a different histological structure from arteries, which often leads to intimal hyperplasia and graft restenosis. The aim of this study was to develop a perivascular sirolimus-delivery system that would release the ...
Weenink Robert P - - 2011
Cerebral arterial gas embolism is a risk in diving and occurs as a complication in surgery and interventional radiology. Swine models for cerebral arterial gas embolism have been used in the past. However, injection of air into the main artery feeding the pig brain - the ascending pharyngeal artery - ...
Stolić Radojica - - 2010
Vascular endothelium plays an important role in atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to estimate the correlation of endothelium malfunction and arteriosclerosis in patients on hemodialysis. The investigation was designed as a clinical, non-randomized, five-year study in the "Kragujevac" Clinical Center and included 146 patients. We evaluated demographic characteristics, ...
Iwasa Shizuko - - 2011
The congenital bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is recognized as a cause of acute aortic dissection (AAD) and also as a risk factor for infective endocarditis (IE) especially ring abscess. We experienced a case of all these combined and operated emergently. A 59-year-old man was transferred to us, and emergent operation ...
Eddleman Christopher S - - 2010
The natural history of cerebral aneurysms derived from metastatic spread of cardiac myxomas is not well known, and their management presents many dilemmas. Case report and literature review. An 18-year-old man presented with an intraparenchymal hemorrhage several months after resection of an atrial myxoma. Angiography showed several myxomatous aneurysms, one ...
Khan Moinuddin - - 2010
To determine the safety and success of transradial coronary angiography and angioplasty in a Pakistani population. This was a prospective study on 264 consecutive patients undergoing transradial coronary angiography (TRCAG) and angioplasty (TRCAP) at Tabba Heart Institute, Karachi between November to December 2008. All patients enrolled in the study underwent ...
Ryu C G - - 2010
This study was designed to assess the dose-related effects of remifentanil on arterial oxygenation during one-lung ventilation (OLV) under total intravenous anaesthesia with propofol. A total of 104 patients scheduled for elective lung resection surgery requiring OLV were randomly assigned to one of four groups with a target effect-site concentration ...
Ege T - - 2010
This study assessed the efficacy of iloprost in relieving vasospasm in coronary artery bypass grafts. Radial artery (RA), left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and saphenous vein (SV) grafts were taken from 20 patients (13 men and seven women, mean age 63.8 years [range 48-74 years]) scheduled to undergo coronary artery ...
Durie Inge - - 2010
Little information is available on medical imaging of the adrenal glands in horses. We investigated the feasibility of transrectal ultrasonography to characterize the normal equine adrenal gland. Transrectal ultrasonography was performed in 25 healthy horses using a 7.5 MHz linear array probe at a displayed depth of 8 cm. Transrectal ...
Sharma Shikha - - 2011
It is commonly postulated that neurologic complications of atrial myxomas are due to either direct tumor embolization or mycotic aneurysm of cerebral vasculature or rupture of mycotic aneurysms of cerebral arteries. However, the authors report the case of 63-year-old woman with a large left atrial myxoma whose progressive left-sided weakness ...
Nand Nitya - - 2010
Cystatin C and microalbuminuria, the new markers of atherosclerosis, have been shown to predict cardiovascular outcome in older individuals. However there is limited data regarding their role in middle aged individuals with preserved renal functions. Hence this study. Patients aged 45 to 65 years irrespective of presence or absence of ...
Blackmon Shanda H - - 2010
Cardiac myxoma represents the most common primary cardiac tumor, which accounts for 75% of all benign cardiac tumors. Embolization is a well-known hazard of myxoma and can be a presenting feature. Resection is generally recommended for cardiac myxomata; once identified but less understood is what to do with systemic emboli. ...
Nakanishi Tomoyuki - - 2010
A 66-year-old man underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Coronary angiography showed a diffuse lesion with lotus root appearance and severe stenosis in the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Multiple channels were observed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Different channels were connected to the first diagonal branch, the first septal branch and ...
Bullock-Palmer Renee P - - 2010
A 49-year-old male with chronic kidney disease and history of renal transplantation in 2006 on chronic immunosuppressant therapy presented with a 1-week history of chills and generalized myalgia. He had a temperature of 101 degrees F. One set of blood cultures grew methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. Transesophageal echo (TEE) revealed a ...
Seya Tomoko - - 2010
We report the case of a patient with paraduodenal hernia diagnosed incidentally during an operation for transverse colon cancer. The patient was a 77-year-old woman who complained of dizziness. Laboratory data revealed no abnormal findings except slight anemia. Barium enema and colonoscopic examination revealed an irregular surfaced mass, about 5.0 ...
Gupta Sanjay - - 2010
We report on a case where a temporary pacing wire that was inserted through the left internal jugular vein was subsequently noted to follow an unusual course on the chest radiograph. A 12-lead electrocardiogram showed right bundle branch block pattern during pacing, suggesting that the lead was pacing the left ...
Libman Jamie L - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine and compare the left and right spermatic cord arterial and lymphatic anatomy identified at primary and redo microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy. METHODS: We reviewed the operative reports of 335 consecutive microsurgical varicocelectomies performed by a single surgeon: 325 primary repairs and 10 reoperations. We recorded number of testicular ...
Oztürk N C - - 2010
A malposition of the left suprarenal gland with varied relations and vasculature was observed in a 50-year-old male cadaver during the routine dissection of the abdominal region. The gland was partly situated over the hilum of the left kidney. Its posterior surface was related to the left crus of the ...
Gomes Otoni M - - 2010
Percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial alcohol ablation (PTSMAA) is not a procedure without complications. It may produce heart arrhythmias, especially those due to disturbances of atrioventricular (AV) and interventricular (IV) electrical conduction. The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the anatomical patterns of the right coronary artery ...
Rüegger Christoph - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Over the past few years, great efforts have been made to screen duct-dependent congenital heart diseases in the newborn. Arterial pulse oximetry screening (foot and/or right hand) has been put forth as the most useful strategy to prevent circulatory collapse. The left hand, however, has always been ignored, as ...
Chokesuwattanaskul Warangkana - - 2010
We report the case of a 26-year-old man who experienced progressive left-sided chest pain and 2 episodes of near-syncope. Studies revealed a 15-cm mass in the upper left lung, a 10-cm mass in the medial base of the left lung, and a 5-cm left atrial mass that involved the left ...
Nallasivan Mani - - 2010
A 40-year-old man with Wegener's granulomatosis with renal and ocular involvement was admitted with symptoms of fever, malaise and cough not responding to oral antibiotics. On initial assessment, he had patchy consolidation but was also found to have a new cardiac murmur. He was mildly anaemic. Within 2 days of ...
Ghafoori M - - 2009
Intracavernosal injection of a vasodilating agent, followed by color Doppler ultrasonography of the penis, is used to diagnose vascular impotence. The vasodilating agent is usually injected into one of the corpora cavernosa and the peak systolic velocity (PSV) of the cavernosal arteries is measured on both sides, presuming that the ...
Takanami I - - 2009
Airway obstruction by retropharyngeal or cervicomediastinal hematomas following stellate ganglion block is life-threatening. The onset of the initial symptoms of retropharyngeal or cervicomediastinal hematoma usually occurs 2 hours or more after stellate ganglion block. We report the rare complication of airway obstruction leading to respiratory arrest caused by retropharyngeal and ...
Pau Biswajit - - 2009
We present a patient of mitral stenosis with a left atrial ball valve thrombus. The diagnosis was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiogram. No clot was detected in the left atrium or the left atrial appendage at surgery. At completion of surgery, the distal pulses of lower limbs were not palpable. Vascular ...
Canale Leonardo Secchin - - 2009
Myxomas are the most common type of cardiac benign tumors and most of them are located in the left atrium, followed by the right atrium. Myxomas in the right atrium may rarely embolize to the pulmonary arterial vasculature. Here, we present a case report of a patient with right atrial ...
Bouzas-Mosquera Alberto - - 2009
We present the case of a 63-year-old man who underwent surgical closure of a paravalvular mitral leak. Immediately after surgery, transesophageal echocardiography revealed the appearance of a mediastinal hematoma encroaching on the left atrium and separating the esophageal probe from the posterior left atrial wall. The cause was an inadvertent ...
Kasmani Rahil - - 2009
Pulmonary embolism may result in permanent or transient electrocardiographic abnormalities. New onset left bundle branch block (LBBB) is usually associated with myocardial ischemia. However, nonischemic mechanisms are also known to account for some cases of LBBB. Tachycardia, a common finding in pulmonary embolism, is one such mechanism. This is illustrated ...
Gogas Bill D - - 2011
Tumours of the heart are rare, and in the vast majority of cases are myxomas that have a benign profile. According to their location, their clinical manifestations differ but there are cases that are completely asymptomatic [M. Yuce, S. Dagdelen, M. Ergelen, N. Eren, N. Caglar, A huge obstructive myxoma ...
Izci Yusuf - - 2009
The aim of this study is to investigate the sulcal and the gyral anatomy of the orbitofrontal cortex with its arterial supply. Ten gross formaline fixed adult brains (20 hemispheres) were used to show the gyral and sulcal anatomy of the inferior frontal lobe, and its arterial supply. The arteries ...
Vogt Günter - - 2009
The internal anatomy of freshwater crayfish is strictly bilaterally symmetric, with the conspicuous exception of the vertically oriented descending artery (sternal artery), which originates from the heart and terminates in the subneural artery. Serial sectioning of 133 juveniles of the parthenogenetic marbled crayfish revealed that the descending artery was bilaterally ...
El-Maasarany Shirley H - - 2010
Radiofrequency catheter ablation treats resistant nodal re-entrant tachycardia but carries a risk to AV conduction system and its vessels. We aimed to study the origin of the A-V nodal artery (AVNA) and its course within the posterior septal space (PSS). Twenty embalmed human hearts of both sexes (16 males) age, ...
Kim Yoon Kyung - - 2009
Two patients with a left atrial mass underwent preoperative cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) to rule out coronary artery disease. CCTA revealed an anomalous tortuous vascular structure originating from the coronary artery to the left atrial tumor suggestive of neovascularization. Preoperative CCTA was useful for coronary artery evaluation and provided ...
Pehlivan Yavuz - - 2009
Extrinsic left atrial compression is an uncommon source of hemodynamic compromise that can be caused by many mediastinal structures including bronchogenic cysts, carcinoma, lymphoma, thymoma, aortic aneurysm and diaphragmatic hernia. We describe an unusual case of a 26-year-old man presenting with symptoms of left heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated extrinsic ...
Pollock J Whitcomb - - 2009
PURPOSE: The role of the posterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament in stability of the elbow remains poorly defined. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sectioning the posterior bundle of the medial collateral ligament on the stability of the elbow. METHODS: Varus and valgus ...
Saremi Farhood - - 2009
Major components of the cardiac conduction system including the sinoatrial node (SAN), atrioventricular node (AVN), the His Bundle, and the right and left bundle branches are too small to be directly visualized by multidetector CT (MDCT) given the limited spatial resolution of current scanners. However, the related anatomic landmarks and ...
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