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Chong Terry J - - 2011
Over the last decade, catheter-based interventions on lower extremity arteries have been used with increasing frequency. However, the effect of racial background on the outcome of lower extremity endovascular interventions for peripheral arterial disease is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of patients' race on ...
Adami C - - 2011
A goat was scheduled for experimental surgery under general anesthesia. The first attempt of performing endotracheal intubation failed and provoked laryngeal spasm. After repeated succesful intubation of inhalation anesthesia was delivered in high concentrations of sevoflurane. Suddenly hypertension and tachycardia were observed, followed by foamy airway secretion and then severe ...
Morikawa Hiromasa - - 2011
We present a case of intralobar pulmonary sequestration (IPS) and pulmonary aspergillosis (PA) in a 32-year-old Japanese man. Immunological examination indicated an initial diagnosis of PA and an antifungal agent was administered. Since an abnormal chest shadow persisted, another causative lung disease was suspected to exist. Further inspection revealed the ...
Petersen Johannes - - 2011
PURPOSE: To objectify the influence of the atherosclerotic burden in the proximal landing zone on the development of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) or thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) using objective aortic calcium scoring (ACS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observation study included 267 patients who received ...
Park Chan B - - 2011
The optimal myocardial preservation strategy at re-operation for aortic valve replacement (AVR) after prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the presence of a patent internal thoracic artery (ITA) remains undefined. Patients undergoing AVR after prior CABG at our institution between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2007 were identified; ...
Walvick Matthew D - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To identify laboratory predictors of a positive temporal artery biopsy. DESIGN:: Cross-sectional study using retrospective electronic data base review. PARTICIPANTS:: There were 3001 patients who had a temporal artery biopsy. METHODS:: The electronic database of a large health maintenance organization was searched for all patients who had a temporal ...
Badal John J - - 2011
Pulmonary dead space is the volume of gas that is delivered to the lungs but does not participate in gas exchange. Knowing pulmonary dead space in patients under general anesthesia is clinically useful because it can aid in detecting disease processes such as pulmonary emboli or low cardiac output states. ...
Kitahara Tomoko - - 2011
Cases of retained products of conception (RPOC) with marked vascularity present a clinical challenge because simple dilation and curettage (D&C) can lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. We describe here two cases of hypervascular RPOC that were successfully managed with two different approaches. Case 1: A 26-year-old woman with history of 3 ...
Londoño Juan C - - 2011
Chronic total occlusions remain a technical challenge for interventional cardiologists. This group of lesions carries a decreased rate of success and continues to be an important reason for surgical revascularization. Recently, retrograde percutaneous coronary intervention of total occlusions via epicardial and septal perforators was introduced as an alternative approach when ...
Zakynthinos E - - 2011
The incidence of mild to moderate pulmonary hypertension (PH) is highly prevalent, reaching to 50% in advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, a subpopulation (1-4% in most studies) with grim prognosis despite moderate airflow limitation, present with "out-of-proportion" severe PH, is arbitrarily defined by a mean PH≥40 mmHg, at ...
Shoji Hirokazu - - 2011
We report a duodenal gastrinoma in a 50-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital with tarry stools. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed multiple ulcers in the duodenal bulb and a submucosal tumor in the descending duodenum. His serum gastrin level was 1400pg/ml. We suspected Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and performed selective arterial calcium injection ...
Hata Mitsumasa - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to assess the long-term graft patency rate of the radial artery (RA), in comparison to the saphenous vein (SV) in patients harvested for both vessels. RA and SV were concomitantly used for coronary artery bypass grafting in 318 patients in an 8-year period ...
Waldron James S - - 2011
: Practice patterns regarding the preoperative embolization of skull base tumors vary widely among institutions and are driven by surgeon preference and concerns about safety. : We present a recent experience at our institution with a specific focus on procedural decision-making, embolization of vessels arising from the internal carotid circulation, ...
Olabe Jon - - 2011
The authors developed a simple reproducible technique for aneurysm creation and adapted it to mimic intracranial dissection conditions using glue application as a pseudo-arachnoid type layer. Ten 1-2-month-old healthy domestic swine were employed under general anesthesia. A novel technique for bifurcation aneurysm creation was developed using two arteries and a ...
Ahmadi Naser - - 2011
It was previously reported that event-free survival rates of symptomatic patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnosed by computed tomographic angiography decreased incrementally from normal coronary arteries to obstructive CAD. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of symptomatic patients with nonobstructive CAD with luminal stenoses ...
Irie Yoko - - 2011
Carotid atherosclerosis assessed by ultrasound is an established surrogate marker for systemic atherosclerosis. This study aimed to evaluate the association between coronary artery stenosis assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and intima-media thickness (IMT) in asymptomatic type 2 diabetic patients. In a cross-sectional study, carotid IMT was measured by ...
Ohba Shigeo - - 2011
Perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) at the craniocervical junction are uncommon, and are often fed by the anterior spinal artery, with only a few cases fed by the intradural vertebral artery (VA). A 55-year-old man presented with a case of perimedullary AVF fed by the VA at the craniocervical junction manifesting ...
Kokkonouzis Ioannis - - 2011
A 51-year-old man, with a history of severe COPD and bilateral pneumothorax, who was under treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis due to mycobacterium avium, was admitted due to high-grade fever, weight loss, cough, and production of purulent sputum, for almost one month without any special improvement despite adequate antibiotics treatment in ...
Pierce Gregory - - 2011
A complex right internal mammary to right pulmonary artery fistula resulting in hemoptysis was successfully treated by embolization with a liquid, nonadhesive, embolic agent - ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx). There were no procedural complications and no recurrence of symptoms has been seen after 2 years of follow-up.
Taha Nima - - 2011
Biventricular (Biv) pacemaker echo optimization has been shown to improve cardiac output however is not routinely used due to its complexity. We investigated the role of a simple method involving computerized pre-ejection time (PEP) assessment by radial artery tonometry in guiding Biv pacemaker optimization. Blinded echo and radial artery tonometry ...
Demirsoy Ergun - - 2011
Congenital analbuminemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the absence of serum albumin, or by its presence in very low concentrations. Up to now, only 43 cases have been reported. There is little information about analbuminemia, and no operation on an analbuminemic patient has been reported. This, we ...
O'Brien Stephen - - 2011
A 63-year-old woman with a previous episode of Streptococcus agalactiae endocarditis requiring a bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement presented with a short history of malaise, a right panopthalmitis with a Roth spot on funduscopy of the left eye and Streptococcus pneumoniae grown from vitreous and aqueous taps as well as blood ...
Lansac Emmanuel E Cardiac Surgery, Institut Mutualiste Montsouris, Paris, - - 2011
Aortic root aneurysms are characterized by dilation of both functional aortic annulus diameters (aortic annular base and sino-tubular junction), preventing coaptation of otherwise pliable valves often associated with cusp prolapse. Multiple techniques of aortic valve sparing procedures try to restore the complex interplay of aortic valve and root function in ...
Mathews Santhosh Jay SJ Cardiovascular Imaging and Clinical Research Core Laboratory and Cardiovascular Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo., - - 2011
Vascular calcification is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis. The objective of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility, safety and efficacy of sodium thiosulfate (STS) in the progression of vascular calcification in hemodialysis patients. Chronic hemodialysis patients underwent a battery of cardiovascular tests. Those with ...
Seki Mamiko - - 2010
A 13 year-old neutered female Shi Tzu was referred for the investigation of a cranial abdominal mass. Investigations including conventional radiography, abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography confirmed the mass in the caudate lobe of the liver. As a collateral vein originated from the caudal vena cava (CVC) communicated with the ...
Yu Simon C H - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: It is hypothesized that a venographic-based operational classification of dural carotid-cavernous fistula (DCCF) will facilitate early selection of the optimal venous route and enhance the efficacy of transvenous catheterization and embolization of the cavernous sinus. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on 97 patients who presented with symptomatic DCCF. ...
Barnett Brad P - - 2011
To evaluate the embolic properties of an alginate-based embolic biomaterial (EmboGel) and its solvent (EmboClear) in treatment of aneurysms. EmboGel is a mixture of iohexol and alginate that polymerizes into a hydrocoil when delivered through a coaxial catheter with a distal mixing tip, exposing alginate to a calcium chloride solution. ...
Zhang Lin-Hua - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous work in our laboratory has demonstrated that the anti-DNA antibody-immobilized stent results in highly site-specific gene delivery in a rabbit carotid model. As a result of the similarity in the anatomy and physiology of the pig and human cardiovascular systems, the porcine coronary stent model was used in ...
Zhang Wendy - - 2010
Objectives. To determine whether renal function predicts the development of cardiovascular disease and other arterial vascular events in patients with SLE. Method. An inception cohort of 437 females was studied. Baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using serum creatinine and the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease ...
Kakkos Stavros K - - 2010
Objective: To test the hypothesis that routine preoperative mapping and transposed brachial-basilic vein fistula (TBBVF) increases arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) construction rates, without altering maturation rate. Patients: Over a 4-year period, 709 vascular accesses were performed, including 467 AVFs (radial-cephalic fistula [RCF], n = 217, brachial-cephalic fistula [BCF], n = 139, ...
Brook Olga R - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe radiological appearances of systemic air emboli versus intravascular air from putrefaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hospital trauma database was searched for patients who underwent computed tomography (CT) autopsy. The studies were reviewed and evaluated for intravascular gas. The appearances and location of intravascular air were characterised. RESULTS: ...
de Lima Sanches Priscila - - 2011
The aim of this study was to verify whether a 1-year interdisciplinary weight-loss program improved common carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and whether insulin resistance and/or inflammation (as measured by the markers plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 and adiponectin) might underlie obesity in adolescents. A group of 29 post-pubescent obese adolescents ...
Stanisic M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess morphological and immunohistochemical differences in arterial wall inflammation during primary and secondary vascular reconstructions. Forty patients with lower extremities ischemia underwent vascular reconstruction: Group I included patients undergoing primary vascular reconstruction with 25 minor arterial reconstructive procedures; Group II included patients undergoing ...
Enouri Saad - - 2011
Mechanisms of mechanically induced venous tone and its interaction with the endothelium and key vasoactive neurohormones are not well established. We investigated the contribution of the endothelium, l-type voltage-operated calcium channels (l-VOCCs), and PKC and Rho kinase to myogenic reactivity in mesenteric vessels exposed to increasing transmural pressure. The interaction ...
Miyayama Shiro - - 2011
To evaluate the origins of feeders of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the caudate lobe (S1). Eighty-eight HCCs (mean diameter 21.4 mm) were treated by chemoembolization. The tumor-feeding caudate artery was confirmed when a tumor stain was demonstrated on angiogram and iodized oil was accumulated into the HCC and S1 on computed ...
Matsuse Shinji - - 2011
Sevoflurane is widely used for its rapid onset and offset due to a lower blood/gas coefficient. However, involuntary movements, tachycardia, and hypertension have been observed in some patients despite a continuing constantly delivered concentration of sevoflurane during 1-lung ventilation (OLV), indicating the possibility of insufficient depth of anesthesia. We observed ...
Filova Elena - - 2011
Autologous vein grafts are often used for treating damaged vessels, e.g. arteriovenous fistulas or arterial bypass conduits. Veins have a different histological structure from arteries, which often leads to intimal hyperplasia and graft restenosis. The aim of this study was to develop a perivascular sirolimus-delivery system that would release the ...
Weenink Robert P - - 2011
Cerebral arterial gas embolism is a risk in diving and occurs as a complication in surgery and interventional radiology. Swine models for cerebral arterial gas embolism have been used in the past. However, injection of air into the main artery feeding the pig brain - the ascending pharyngeal artery - ...
Stolić Radojica - - 2010
Vascular endothelium plays an important role in atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to estimate the correlation of endothelium malfunction and arteriosclerosis in patients on hemodialysis. The investigation was designed as a clinical, non-randomized, five-year study in the "Kragujevac" Clinical Center and included 146 patients. We evaluated demographic characteristics, ...
Iwasa Shizuko - - 2011
The congenital bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is recognized as a cause of acute aortic dissection (AAD) and also as a risk factor for infective endocarditis (IE) especially ring abscess. We experienced a case of all these combined and operated emergently. A 59-year-old man was transferred to us, and emergent operation ...
Eddleman Christopher S - - 2010
The natural history of cerebral aneurysms derived from metastatic spread of cardiac myxomas is not well known, and their management presents many dilemmas. Case report and literature review. An 18-year-old man presented with an intraparenchymal hemorrhage several months after resection of an atrial myxoma. Angiography showed several myxomatous aneurysms, one ...
Khan Moinuddin - - 2010
To determine the safety and success of transradial coronary angiography and angioplasty in a Pakistani population. This was a prospective study on 264 consecutive patients undergoing transradial coronary angiography (TRCAG) and angioplasty (TRCAP) at Tabba Heart Institute, Karachi between November to December 2008. All patients enrolled in the study underwent ...
Ryu C G - - 2010
This study was designed to assess the dose-related effects of remifentanil on arterial oxygenation during one-lung ventilation (OLV) under total intravenous anaesthesia with propofol. A total of 104 patients scheduled for elective lung resection surgery requiring OLV were randomly assigned to one of four groups with a target effect-site concentration ...
Ege T - - 2010
This study assessed the efficacy of iloprost in relieving vasospasm in coronary artery bypass grafts. Radial artery (RA), left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and saphenous vein (SV) grafts were taken from 20 patients (13 men and seven women, mean age 63.8 years [range 48-74 years]) scheduled to undergo coronary artery ...
Durie Inge - - 2010
Little information is available on medical imaging of the adrenal glands in horses. We investigated the feasibility of transrectal ultrasonography to characterize the normal equine adrenal gland. Transrectal ultrasonography was performed in 25 healthy horses using a 7.5 MHz linear array probe at a displayed depth of 8 cm. Transrectal ...
Sharma Shikha - - 2011
It is commonly postulated that neurologic complications of atrial myxomas are due to either direct tumor embolization or mycotic aneurysm of cerebral vasculature or rupture of mycotic aneurysms of cerebral arteries. However, the authors report the case of 63-year-old woman with a large left atrial myxoma whose progressive left-sided weakness ...
Nand Nitya - - 2010
Cystatin C and microalbuminuria, the new markers of atherosclerosis, have been shown to predict cardiovascular outcome in older individuals. However there is limited data regarding their role in middle aged individuals with preserved renal functions. Hence this study. Patients aged 45 to 65 years irrespective of presence or absence of ...
Blackmon Shanda H - - 2010
Cardiac myxoma represents the most common primary cardiac tumor, which accounts for 75% of all benign cardiac tumors. Embolization is a well-known hazard of myxoma and can be a presenting feature. Resection is generally recommended for cardiac myxomata; once identified but less understood is what to do with systemic emboli. ...
Nakanishi Tomoyuki - - 2010
A 66-year-old man underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Coronary angiography showed a diffuse lesion with lotus root appearance and severe stenosis in the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Multiple channels were observed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Different channels were connected to the first diagonal branch, the first septal branch and ...
Bullock-Palmer Renee P - - 2010
A 49-year-old male with chronic kidney disease and history of renal transplantation in 2006 on chronic immunosuppressant therapy presented with a 1-week history of chills and generalized myalgia. He had a temperature of 101 degrees F. One set of blood cultures grew methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. Transesophageal echo (TEE) revealed a ...
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