Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 640
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Ray M D - - 1992
The study was conducted in a large cotton textile mill in Surat City. A selected number of 278 employees were evaluated for social, anthropological and pulmonary functions. No parameters except the period of exposure to dust reduced pulmonary function; it was statistically significant in the case of vital capacity and ...
Domingo C - - 1992
We describe a case of pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis in a 60-year-old woman with a 1-year history of progressive exertional dyspnea. Four years before admission a diagnosis of breast cancer was made, and she underwent mastectomy plus radiation therapy and treatment with oral antiestrogens. The chest X-ray showed bilateral interstitial infiltrates. ...
Collie D D - - 1992
The mechanics of ventilation were assessed in 25 normal conscious crossbred calves and immature cattle, aged 24-406 days and weighing 60-360 kg. An oesophageal balloon was used to measure transpulmonary pressure and a pneumotachograph attached to a face mask measured respiratory flows. A regression analysis with body weight as the ...
Ottesen E A - - 1992
Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is one of the many PIE syndromes [pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia (of the peripheral blood)]. It is caused by immunologic hyperresponsiveness to the filarial parasites Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia malayi. Its clinical presentation includes nocturnal cough, dyspnea, wheezing, fever, weight loss, fatigue, interstitial mottling on chest radiograph, ...
Pérez-Arellano J L - - 1992
Diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage syndromes occasionally present diagnostic problems if the clinical picture is not very typical. The presence of hemosiderin-laden alveolar macrophages in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid is a useful diagnostic criterion for this entity. However, in many diffuse interstitial pulmonary diseases (DIPD) there is a lesion at the alveolocapillary ...
Edmonds L C LC Division of Thoracic Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1992
A 37-year-old man was referred to our institution for assessment of possible sarcoidosis with involvement of the central nervous system. Before referral, he experienced a systemic illness that persisted for several months, during which time ocular and pulmonary noncaseating granulomas were identified. Sarcoidosis with involvement of the central nervous system ...
Haley P J - - 1991
The pulmonary toxicity of inhaled lanthanides has been the subject of debate. In question have been the relative contributions of radioactive vs. stable elements in the development of lanthanide-associated progressive pulmonary interstitial fibrosis. The central question of this debate is: Are lanthanide dusts that are devoid of radioactive contaminants capable ...
O'Donnell A E - - 1991
A 33-year-old woman developed acute bilateral pulmonary infiltrates after the intense use of rock cocaine (crack). She subsequently had progressive deterioration of pulmonary function to the point of being ventilator-dependent. Open lung biopsy showed a chronic interstitial pneumonia with extensive accumulation of free silica within histiocytes associated with mild pulmonary ...
Landas S K - - 1991
We present the clinical and biopsy findings of a 63-yr-old white male with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and a long history of extensive exposure to mica while working in the rubber industry. The patient presented 30 yr after the initial exposure with complaints of progressive shortness of breath and a chronic ...
Wang Q J - - 1991
Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin (BL) involves the production of reactive oxygen species and the impairment of repair of damaged epithelial cells. We have shown previously that taurine or niacin treatment partially attenuates BL-induced lung fibrosis in hamsters and that the two agents probably act through different mechanisms. In ...
Berry C R - - 1991
Clinical records and thoracic radiographs of 19 horses with a confirmed pathologic diagnosis of silicosis were reviewed. These horses had histories of varying degrees of chronic weight loss, exercise intolerance, and respiratory distress. At the time of presentation, two horses were asymptomatic. Ten horses were geldings and nine were female. ...
Bartter T - - 1991
Despite suspicion that inhalation of zirconium should be capable of causing human pulmonary disease, documentation of zirconium pneumoconiosis in humans has been lacking. We studied a likely case of zirconium compound-induced pulmonary fibrosis. The diagnosis was based on the following: (1) a history of gradual increase in symptoms and slowly ...
Liu C T - - 1991
Pulmonary function was studied in sixty patients with pleural effusion and seventy patients with fibrothorax. The patients with pleural effusion were divided into three groups according to the extent of the effusion. The patients were submitted to spirometry and arterial blood gas analysis. The effects of pleural effusion on pulmonary ...
Johnson G L - - 1991
The onset of cor pulmonale is a common terminal finding in patients with cystic fibrosis. Since Doppler echocardiography can detect changes in diastolic filling patterns prior to the onset of either systolic dysfunction or clinical symptoms, we utilized this technique to determine whether detectable changes in left ventricular diastolic filling ...
Martínez-López M A - - 1991
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare idiopathic diffuse airspace disease characterized by intra-alveolar accumulation of large quantities of lipoproteinaceous material, with preservation of the lung interstitium. The clinical course of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is variable. Spontaneous resolution is known to occur in up to a quarter of the cases. We ...
Coticchia J M - - 1991
It has been demonstrated that the eustachian tube and middle ear epithelium produce Tubal Surface Active Substances (TSAS), which facilitate the opening of the eustachian tube. In order to characterize the biochemical contents of chinchilla TSAS, the tubal washings were analyzed using 2-D thin layer chromatography. The results indicate that ...
Morgan S J - - 1991
Histological and morphometric evaluation of equine cranial mesenteric arteries was performed on 239 and 89 arteries, respectively. Histological examination revealed that thrombosis and the severity of inflammation varied on a seasonal basis and were directly associated with larval presence. Intimal and adventitial fibrosis were generally of greater severity than medial ...
Snyder D E - - 1991
Two of five bobcats (Felis rufus) from southwestern Arkansas had natural pulmonary infections of Paragonimus kellicotti and Filaroides rostratus. Pairs of P. kellicotti were found in spherical cyst-like structures approximately 1 cm in diameter. Filaroides rostratus were seen as serpentine pale white areas on the pleural surface and also firmly ...
Pronk L C - - 1991
Patients with connective tissue disease (CTD) who are prone to developed isolated pulmonary hypertension (PH) are primarily young females with a history of Raynaud's phenomenon associated with an exertional dyspnoea. From the start of the disease, pulmonary function tests show a decreased diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, while X-ray examination ...
Rosenstock L - - 1991
Pleural thickening is the most common roentgenographic manifestation of past asbestos exposure. In addition to pleural thickening serving as a specific market of exposure, discrete (plaques) and diffuse pleural fibrosis are important abnormalities because they have been found to be associated with increased risk for other asbestos-related sequelae and to ...
Driscoll K E - - 1991
Studies comparing pulmonary responses to crystalline silica (SiO2) and titanium dioxide (0.3 microns diameter, TiO2-F) demonstrated a positive correlation between alveolar macrophage (AM) release of interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and fibronectin and, pulmonary granuloma formation, inflammation and fibrosis, respectively. AM IL-1 release was associated with the development of ...
Morris P D - - 1991
To evaluate the respiratory consequences of working in poultry confinement units, we completed a cross-sectional epidemiologic study of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function in 59 chicken catchers. The results were compared to a published reference standard of nonexposed blue-collar workers. Chicken catchers reported a high rate of acute symptoms associated ...
Lilis R - - 1991
Pleural fibrosis due to asbestos exposure was fully appreciated considerably later than pulmonary interstitial fibrosis due to similar exposure. This is well exemplified by the fact that pleura face on was included in the International Labour Office's International Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses only in the last revision of the ...
Elliott C G - - 1990
A spectrum of pulmonary impairment may follow an episode of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). At one end of the spectrum is normal pulmonary function; at the opposite is severe impairment. The late pulmonary effects of ARDS usually lie between these two extremes. This article describes the pulmonary sequelae ...
Akino T - - 1990
The case of a 53-year-old female with interstitial pneumonitis is described with special regard to biochemical characterization of pulmonary corpora amylacea which were found in the lung specimen obtained by bronchial biopsy from the patient. The main protein component in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of the patient was albumin, but ...
Silver M A - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the temporal sequence and structural relationship between perivascular and interstitial fibrosis and microscopic scarring seen in the left ventricle in response to either a transient or sustained stimulus to fibrosis. DESIGN: In 72 male Wistar rats (250-350 g) the transient stimulus model was ...
Becker G L - - 1990
A young black man presented with simultaneous nasal and laryngeal sarcoidosis, each uncommon entities. Despite severe upper airway obstruction and emergent tracheostomy, there was an uncharacteristic rapid response to oral steroids alone. The patient's predominant initial complaint of early mouth breathing during routine army physical training demonstrates a symptom complex ...
Sorden S D - - 1990
Airway eosinophilia has been proposed as a major pathogenetic event in bronchial asthma and airway hyperresponsiveness. Intravenous injection of Sephadex G200 in rats induces pulmonary and blood eosinophilia and alters pulmonary responsiveness to 5-hydroxytryptamine. To characterize the early pulmonary inflammatory responses following Sephadex administration, and to determine the timing of ...
Sargent E V - - 1990
A study was performed to determine the relationship between the handling of xanthan gum powder and reported symptoms. Nose and throat irritation was the most prevalent symptom, and the group with the greatest exposure reported the highest prevalence of nose and throat irritation as well as work-related illness. Employees who ...
Nogami M - - 1990
The transnasal administration of an extract of the parasite Ascaris suum (Asc) to C57BL/6 mice for 3 wk produced marked eosinophilia in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. This pulmonary eosinophilia was not accompanied by blood eosinophilia. The oral administration of cyclosporin, 50 mg/kg body weight, every other day significantly suppressed ...
Pochis W T - - 1990
A case of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis with multiple areas of mismatch on ventilation-perfusion lung imaging in the absence of pulmonary embolism is presented. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is one of the few nonembolic diseases producing a pulmonary ventilation-perfusion mismatch. In this condition, chest radiographs may not detect the full extent of ...
Fogarty U - - 1990
The bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) technique described produced no detectable gross or histopathological lesions. Airway fluid accumulation was observed for up to 4 h post lavage. There was good qualitative correlation between BAL cytopathological and diffuse pulmonary pathological changes. The technique provided an accurate assessment of the presence and extent of ...
Rosenow E C EC - - 1990
Diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in the immunocompromised host in the majority represent an opportunistic infection. However, in about 25 to 30%, they represent complications of an adverse drug reaction, recurrence of the underlying disease such as leukemia or lymphoma involving the lung, or an idiopathic "fibrosis," and in a small percentage ...
Maeda C J - - 1990
Pulmonary function (vital capacity) was measured in ten quadriplegics and ten normal subjects in the following situations: supine, sitting, supine with a halovest, and sitting with a halovest. When changing from the supine to sitting positions, vital capacity decreased in the quadriplegics and increased in normal subjects. The halovest significantly ...
Jules-Elysee K - - 1990
Bleomycin is recognized to cause an interstitial pneumonitis that can lead to fibrosis. Although its occurrence may be sporadic, some factors may increase the risk of such a pulmonary reaction. In this article the clinical setting and presentation, radiographic manifestations, pathologic findings, and the prognosis of bleomycin-induced interstitial fibrosis are ...
Rodman D M - - 1990
We report a case of sarcoidosis presenting with cor pulmonale of a greater severity than would be expected from the degree of hypoxia and pulmonary fibrosis. Right heart catheterization revealed that mean pulmonary artery pressure was markedly increased (42 mm Hg), was not reduced by supplemental oxygen, but was reduced ...
Feinberg L - - 1990
A report is presented of an 85-yr-old woman who developed severe pulmonary fibrosis while receiving tocainide for treatment of ventricular arrhythmias. Severe bilateral interstitial fibrosis was documented in this patient by open lung biopsy and at autopsy. Review of the literature revealed other cases with an association between the use ...
Arai K - - 1990
We present two cases of transient subpleural curvilinear shadows (SCSs) on CT caused by pulmonary congestion. Subpleural curvilinear shadows, which are usually visible in the middle or lower dorsal lung field on CT, have been reported as the initial finding of pulmonary fibrosis. But SCS is not a specific finding ...
Goyal R - - 1990
Abnormalities in pulmonary functions in a group of ten patients with tropical pulmonary eosinophilia were analysed. Mild obstruction was observed in four, restrictive pattern in three, combined defect in one and two had normal study. Except in one patient in whom mild obstructive defect persisted, functions in all others reverted ...
Ulfvarson U - - 1990
A statistically significant temporary reduction on pulmonary function was measured with spirometry in stevedores on a roll-on-roll-off ro-ro ship who were exposed to diesel exhausts from trucks during a work shift. When all trucks were equipped with specially designed microfilters mounted on the exhaust pipes, this impairment in pulmonary function ...
Parikh J R - - 1990
An epidemiological study was carried out in three textile mills of Ahmedabad. A total of 214 cotton dust exposed and 184 control subjects were examined for pulmonary function tests. Pulmonary function tests included forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second. The pulmonary function tests were carried out ...
Doblas A - - 1990
We describe the case of a 17-year-old woman noted to have idiopathic alveolar hypoventilation, with multiple Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admissions because of acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to respiratory infections. After two years of diaphragmatic pacing arterial blood gases have substantially improved, without obstructive apnoea. Signs of right ventricular ...
Specks U - - 1990
In this study we evaluated the disease specificity of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid angiotensin-converting enzyme (BALF-ACE), its correlation with cellular constituents of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and for sarcoidosis, with other proposed markers of disease activity. Furthermore, the question of the clinical value of BALF-ACE determinations in in interstitial lung diseases ...
Demers R Y - - 1990
Boilermakers are skilled building tradesmen who construct, repair, and dismantle boilers. The present study reports on the evaluation of members of a Michigan boilermaker's union for the presence of signs and symptoms of chronic pulmonary disease. Study variables included standardized evaluations of chest x-ray findings, pulmonary function testing, physical examination, ...
Valletta E A - - 1989
Two episodes of acute iron deficiency anemia with blood-stained sputum and symptoms of severe acute pulmonary exacerbation were observed in a child with cystic fibrosis (CF). Hemosiderin laden macrophages (siderophages) were repeatedly found in sputum and gastric juice, suggesting the coexistence of pulmonary hemosiderosis (PH). The possibility that pulmonary immune-mediated ...
Weissler J C - - 1989
Diffuse involvement of the pulmonary interstitium with abnormal fibrous tissue is a process that occurs in many settings. There are many possible etiologies for pulmonary fibrosis, but in the majority of individuals, a clear cause cannot be determined and a diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) results. Despite limited knowledge ...
Burkhardt A - - 1989
"Alveolitis", as opposed to "pneumonia" sensu strictiori, is a term used to denote diffuse inflammatory changes of the pulmonary parenchyma, excluding those that result from local bacterial, fungal or other extracellular microbial growth. The various types of alveolitis are classified according to their histological characteristics and range from "luminal phagocytic" ...
Bredin C P - - 1989
Pulmonary function was assessed in 15 patients who had undergone thoracoplasty (TPL) approximately 30 years previously. Relation was noted to extent of TPL performed, side of TPL, age at TPL, and degree of secondary scoliosis. Test results showed mixed restrictive and obstructive defects. Although extent of TPL did not correlate ...
Ammitzbøll T - - 1988
The urinary excretion of collagen metabolites (hydroxylysine, hydroxyproline and proline) was significantly increased in 10 patients with cystic fibrosis and chronic broncho-pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection as compared with 14 age matched controls. The increase was significantly correlated to impaired pulmonary function (FVC and FEV1). The results indicate that urinary collagen ...
Valenzuela G J - - 1988
Management of a patient with cystic fibrosis who started her pregnancy in a state of pulmonary insufficiency, as defined by arterial blood gas values and a chest x-ray film, is described. A systematic approach to evaluation of patients with cystic fibrosis, including serial assessments of pulmonary functions, screening for diabetes, ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >