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Results 351 - 400 of 606
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Tarish J - - 1993
The involvement of thromboxane and lipoxygenase in the regulation of pulmonary lesions and immune responses was investigated in dogs given ketoconazole and exposed to dead adult Dirofiliara immitis. Immunopathological reactions to the dead filariae were monitored by light and transmission electron microscopy and serology. When compared with control tissues, ketoconazole ...
Stromatt S C - - 1993
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that leads to a defect in chloride ion transport and results in pancreatic and pulmonary insufficiency. The pulmonary disease is characterized by bacterial colonization and inflammation with excessive levels of neutrophils and neutrophil elastase within the lung. Neutrophil elastase is considered to be ...
Hadjiivanova N - - 1993
The effect of experimental bovine herpes virus (BHV) type I rhinotracheitis on the surfactant system phospholipids in calves was examined. A stimulated exocytosis of pulmonary surfactant phospholipids in the acute phase of the disease was documented biochemically and ultrastructurally. The data presented were assumed as an evidence of the involvement ...
Poulin E C - - 1992
Historically, values of pulmonary function tests, when taken on the day after open upper abdominal surgery and cholecystectomy, show decreases of 45% to 60% compared with preoperative determinations. In a group of 54 consecutive patients in whom many pulmonary function parameters were studied, forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory ...
Andoh Y - - 1992
We performed a morphometric analysis of peribronchiolar and perivascular fibrosis in lungs obtained at autopsy from six patients with chronic bronchitis, six with pulmonary emphysema, and four normal control subjects. The areas of fibrosis outside the smooth muscle layer of bronchioles and outside the external elastic lamina of muscular pulmonary ...
Auchincloss J H - - 1992
Forty two of 125 former workers in a factory in Syracuse, New York, which manufactured hard metal parts from tungsten carbide and cobalt, were studied by chest radiographs, spirometry, and plethysmographically determined lung volumes. The plant was closed in 1982 and the studies were performed in 1983-5. Recorded measurements of ...
Leaker B - - 1992
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis remains a diagnosis of exclusion in patients who present with pulmonary alveolar haemorrhage. Systemic vasculitis developed in a patient with an eight year history of idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by a rising titre of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies directed against myeloperoxidase. Treatment with immunosuppressive agents ...
Abramowicz M J - - 1992
We report a case of pulmonary sarcoidosis, which initially presented as a left apical infiltrate. The later course mimicked a pulmonary neoplasm, with left upper lobe atelectasis secondary to bronchial stenosis, resulting from both endobronchial sarcoidosis and extrinsic compression by enlarged lymph nodes. Extrinsic pressure from sarcoid nodes on the ...
Lee J H - - 1992
Variety of pulmonary lesions are thought to be associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These lesions traditionally have included pleurisy with or without effusion, Caplan's syndrome, pulmonary rheumatoid nodules, diffuse interstitial fibrosis, and pulmonary arteritis and hypertension. But little attention has been paid to the airways in RA. Recently, several reports ...
Bridges A J - - 1992
Pulmonary involvement in scleroderma is characterized by interstitial fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension. Although bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) may be associated with a variety of connective tissue diseases and their treatment, there are only rare reports of bronchiolitis associated with scleroderma. We describe 2 patients with scleroderma and rapidly evolving ...
Marcer G - - 1992
Two hundred and sixty seven workers employed in the manufacture of silicon carbide (SiC) were examined to determine the effects of exposure to contaminants (SiC, quartz, and SO2) in the workplace on pulmonary function. No exposure concentrations exceeded the current permissible limits. Ten subjects (3.7%) showed rounded opacities (profusion greater ...
Slabbynck H - - 1992
Patients with HES and pulmonary infiltrates may pose certain diagnostic problems as the infiltrates may be attributed to infection, infarction, congestive heart failure, or HES itself. We report an 87-year-old woman with idiopathic HES presenting with bibasal alveolar infiltrates. Differential cell count in BAL fluid yielded a very high percentage ...
Guntheroth W G - - 1992
The microscopic anatomy of the pulmonary circulation was reviewed, comparing the evidence for two competing models, the sheet-and-post paradigm and the tubular paradigm. Implications of the two paradigms were analyzed for function, including flow, recruitment, distension, and diffusion. We conclude that the pulmonary microcirculation is not essentially different from the ...
Moulton S L - - 1992
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, a rare disease in neonates, is characterized by the accumulation of insoluble amorphous material within the alveoli. We describe two pairs of siblings with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in two otherwise unaffected families. All four patients were term neonates in whom severe pulmonary failure developed within hours after ...
Kaplan E B - - 1992
Pneumonopathies in association with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) are known, but the evolution of biopsy-proven interstitial pneumonitis (IP) to pulmonary fibrosis as a major pulmonary manifestation in an individual patient with chronic GVHD has not been previously reported. We present a patient with chronic GVHD who developed IP and then pulmonary ...
Papandreou L - - 1992
A 45-year-old officer, working for a period of 18 years at a military radar base, presented with progressive exertional dyspnea, dry cough, and hemoptysis. Subsequent evaluation demonstrated a left pulmonary artery occlusion as well as a left upper lobe bronchus stenosis, due to a dense fibrotic mediastinal mass. Histologically, this ...
Ray M D - - 1992
The study was conducted in a large cotton textile mill in Surat City. A selected number of 278 employees were evaluated for social, anthropological and pulmonary functions. No parameters except the period of exposure to dust reduced pulmonary function; it was statistically significant in the case of vital capacity and ...
Domingo C - - 1992
We describe a case of pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis in a 60-year-old woman with a 1-year history of progressive exertional dyspnea. Four years before admission a diagnosis of breast cancer was made, and she underwent mastectomy plus radiation therapy and treatment with oral antiestrogens. The chest X-ray showed bilateral interstitial infiltrates. ...
Collie D D - - 1992
The mechanics of ventilation were assessed in 25 normal conscious crossbred calves and immature cattle, aged 24-406 days and weighing 60-360 kg. An oesophageal balloon was used to measure transpulmonary pressure and a pneumotachograph attached to a face mask measured respiratory flows. A regression analysis with body weight as the ...
Ottesen E A - - 1992
Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is one of the many PIE syndromes [pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia (of the peripheral blood)]. It is caused by immunologic hyperresponsiveness to the filarial parasites Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia malayi. Its clinical presentation includes nocturnal cough, dyspnea, wheezing, fever, weight loss, fatigue, interstitial mottling on chest radiograph, ...
Pérez-Arellano J L - - 1992
Diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage syndromes occasionally present diagnostic problems if the clinical picture is not very typical. The presence of hemosiderin-laden alveolar macrophages in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid is a useful diagnostic criterion for this entity. However, in many diffuse interstitial pulmonary diseases (DIPD) there is a lesion at the alveolocapillary ...
Edmonds L C LC Division of Thoracic Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN - - 1992
A 37-year-old man was referred to our institution for assessment of possible sarcoidosis with involvement of the central nervous system. Before referral, he experienced a systemic illness that persisted for several months, during which time ocular and pulmonary noncaseating granulomas were identified. Sarcoidosis with involvement of the central nervous system ...
Haley P J - - 1991
The pulmonary toxicity of inhaled lanthanides has been the subject of debate. In question have been the relative contributions of radioactive vs. stable elements in the development of lanthanide-associated progressive pulmonary interstitial fibrosis. The central question of this debate is: Are lanthanide dusts that are devoid of radioactive contaminants capable ...
O'Donnell A E - - 1991
A 33-year-old woman developed acute bilateral pulmonary infiltrates after the intense use of rock cocaine (crack). She subsequently had progressive deterioration of pulmonary function to the point of being ventilator-dependent. Open lung biopsy showed a chronic interstitial pneumonia with extensive accumulation of free silica within histiocytes associated with mild pulmonary ...
Landas S K - - 1991
We present the clinical and biopsy findings of a 63-yr-old white male with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and a long history of extensive exposure to mica while working in the rubber industry. The patient presented 30 yr after the initial exposure with complaints of progressive shortness of breath and a chronic ...
Wang Q J - - 1991
Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin (BL) involves the production of reactive oxygen species and the impairment of repair of damaged epithelial cells. We have shown previously that taurine or niacin treatment partially attenuates BL-induced lung fibrosis in hamsters and that the two agents probably act through different mechanisms. In ...
Berry C R - - 1991
Clinical records and thoracic radiographs of 19 horses with a confirmed pathologic diagnosis of silicosis were reviewed. These horses had histories of varying degrees of chronic weight loss, exercise intolerance, and respiratory distress. At the time of presentation, two horses were asymptomatic. Ten horses were geldings and nine were female. ...
Bartter T - - 1991
Despite suspicion that inhalation of zirconium should be capable of causing human pulmonary disease, documentation of zirconium pneumoconiosis in humans has been lacking. We studied a likely case of zirconium compound-induced pulmonary fibrosis. The diagnosis was based on the following: (1) a history of gradual increase in symptoms and slowly ...
Liu C T - - 1991
Pulmonary function was studied in sixty patients with pleural effusion and seventy patients with fibrothorax. The patients with pleural effusion were divided into three groups according to the extent of the effusion. The patients were submitted to spirometry and arterial blood gas analysis. The effects of pleural effusion on pulmonary ...
Johnson G L - - 1991
The onset of cor pulmonale is a common terminal finding in patients with cystic fibrosis. Since Doppler echocardiography can detect changes in diastolic filling patterns prior to the onset of either systolic dysfunction or clinical symptoms, we utilized this technique to determine whether detectable changes in left ventricular diastolic filling ...
Martínez-López M A - - 1991
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare idiopathic diffuse airspace disease characterized by intra-alveolar accumulation of large quantities of lipoproteinaceous material, with preservation of the lung interstitium. The clinical course of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is variable. Spontaneous resolution is known to occur in up to a quarter of the cases. We ...
Coticchia J M - - 1991
It has been demonstrated that the eustachian tube and middle ear epithelium produce Tubal Surface Active Substances (TSAS), which facilitate the opening of the eustachian tube. In order to characterize the biochemical contents of chinchilla TSAS, the tubal washings were analyzed using 2-D thin layer chromatography. The results indicate that ...
Morgan S J - - 1991
Histological and morphometric evaluation of equine cranial mesenteric arteries was performed on 239 and 89 arteries, respectively. Histological examination revealed that thrombosis and the severity of inflammation varied on a seasonal basis and were directly associated with larval presence. Intimal and adventitial fibrosis were generally of greater severity than medial ...
Snyder D E - - 1991
Two of five bobcats (Felis rufus) from southwestern Arkansas had natural pulmonary infections of Paragonimus kellicotti and Filaroides rostratus. Pairs of P. kellicotti were found in spherical cyst-like structures approximately 1 cm in diameter. Filaroides rostratus were seen as serpentine pale white areas on the pleural surface and also firmly ...
Pronk L C - - 1991
Patients with connective tissue disease (CTD) who are prone to developed isolated pulmonary hypertension (PH) are primarily young females with a history of Raynaud's phenomenon associated with an exertional dyspnoea. From the start of the disease, pulmonary function tests show a decreased diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, while X-ray examination ...
Rosenstock L - - 1991
Pleural thickening is the most common roentgenographic manifestation of past asbestos exposure. In addition to pleural thickening serving as a specific market of exposure, discrete (plaques) and diffuse pleural fibrosis are important abnormalities because they have been found to be associated with increased risk for other asbestos-related sequelae and to ...
Driscoll K E - - 1991
Studies comparing pulmonary responses to crystalline silica (SiO2) and titanium dioxide (0.3 microns diameter, TiO2-F) demonstrated a positive correlation between alveolar macrophage (AM) release of interleukin-1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and fibronectin and, pulmonary granuloma formation, inflammation and fibrosis, respectively. AM IL-1 release was associated with the development of ...
Morris P D - - 1991
To evaluate the respiratory consequences of working in poultry confinement units, we completed a cross-sectional epidemiologic study of respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function in 59 chicken catchers. The results were compared to a published reference standard of nonexposed blue-collar workers. Chicken catchers reported a high rate of acute symptoms associated ...
Lilis R - - 1991
Pleural fibrosis due to asbestos exposure was fully appreciated considerably later than pulmonary interstitial fibrosis due to similar exposure. This is well exemplified by the fact that pleura face on was included in the International Labour Office's International Classification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses only in the last revision of the ...
Elliott C G - - 1990
A spectrum of pulmonary impairment may follow an episode of the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). At one end of the spectrum is normal pulmonary function; at the opposite is severe impairment. The late pulmonary effects of ARDS usually lie between these two extremes. This article describes the pulmonary sequelae ...
Akino T - - 1990
The case of a 53-year-old female with interstitial pneumonitis is described with special regard to biochemical characterization of pulmonary corpora amylacea which were found in the lung specimen obtained by bronchial biopsy from the patient. The main protein component in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid of the patient was albumin, but ...
Silver M A - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim was to compare the temporal sequence and structural relationship between perivascular and interstitial fibrosis and microscopic scarring seen in the left ventricle in response to either a transient or sustained stimulus to fibrosis. DESIGN: In 72 male Wistar rats (250-350 g) the transient stimulus model was ...
Becker G L - - 1990
A young black man presented with simultaneous nasal and laryngeal sarcoidosis, each uncommon entities. Despite severe upper airway obstruction and emergent tracheostomy, there was an uncharacteristic rapid response to oral steroids alone. The patient's predominant initial complaint of early mouth breathing during routine army physical training demonstrates a symptom complex ...
Sorden S D - - 1990
Airway eosinophilia has been proposed as a major pathogenetic event in bronchial asthma and airway hyperresponsiveness. Intravenous injection of Sephadex G200 in rats induces pulmonary and blood eosinophilia and alters pulmonary responsiveness to 5-hydroxytryptamine. To characterize the early pulmonary inflammatory responses following Sephadex administration, and to determine the timing of ...
Sargent E V - - 1990
A study was performed to determine the relationship between the handling of xanthan gum powder and reported symptoms. Nose and throat irritation was the most prevalent symptom, and the group with the greatest exposure reported the highest prevalence of nose and throat irritation as well as work-related illness. Employees who ...
Nogami M - - 1990
The transnasal administration of an extract of the parasite Ascaris suum (Asc) to C57BL/6 mice for 3 wk produced marked eosinophilia in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. This pulmonary eosinophilia was not accompanied by blood eosinophilia. The oral administration of cyclosporin, 50 mg/kg body weight, every other day significantly suppressed ...
Pochis W T - - 1990
A case of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis with multiple areas of mismatch on ventilation-perfusion lung imaging in the absence of pulmonary embolism is presented. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is one of the few nonembolic diseases producing a pulmonary ventilation-perfusion mismatch. In this condition, chest radiographs may not detect the full extent of ...
Fogarty U - - 1990
The bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) technique described produced no detectable gross or histopathological lesions. Airway fluid accumulation was observed for up to 4 h post lavage. There was good qualitative correlation between BAL cytopathological and diffuse pulmonary pathological changes. The technique provided an accurate assessment of the presence and extent of ...
Rosenow E C EC - - 1990
Diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in the immunocompromised host in the majority represent an opportunistic infection. However, in about 25 to 30%, they represent complications of an adverse drug reaction, recurrence of the underlying disease such as leukemia or lymphoma involving the lung, or an idiopathic "fibrosis," and in a small percentage ...
Maeda C J - - 1990
Pulmonary function (vital capacity) was measured in ten quadriplegics and ten normal subjects in the following situations: supine, sitting, supine with a halovest, and sitting with a halovest. When changing from the supine to sitting positions, vital capacity decreased in the quadriplegics and increased in normal subjects. The halovest significantly ...
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