Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 628
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Yamanouchi H - - 1998
The present study evaluated the clinical significance of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in patients with pulmonary fibrosis. Twenty-one patients with a diagnosis of pulmonary fibrosis [14 with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and seven with pulmonary fibrosis associated with a collagen vascular disorder (PF-CVD]) and 21 normal subjects as control were ...
Nunn J F - - 1998
During routine anesthesia, normal arterial oxygenation cannot be ensured by observation of the patient or by any practicable measurement technique. It is therefore essential to have an understanding of the factors which influence the arterial PO2. The factors influencing the alveolar PO2 are simple and the actual level may be ...
Zontsich T - - 1998
We demonstrate the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in a child before and after bronchoalveolar lavage. The CT pattern in our case differs from the pattern described in previous reports. We found a more homogeneous distribution of the pulmonary changes and a "crazy paving" pattern. High-resolution ...
Mikami T - - 1997
AIMS: For the diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis from bronchoalveolar lavage specimens it is normally necessary to make an ultrastructural examination. However, this is thought to be impractical for bronchoalveolar lavage specimens that have been routinely fixed in ethanol. In the present study, bronchoalveolar lavage cytology smears on slide glasses ...
Shimada T - - 1997
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and exacerbated pulmonary fibrosis presented concurrently in a 69-year-old woman with a 5-year history of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. The radiographic and histological examinations suggested usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) as a more likely diagnosis. Corticosteroid therapy resulted in relief of the patient's muscle symptoms and improvement in the ...
Li X - - 1997
The objective of this study was to determine whether 4-ipomeanol toxicosis in calves impairs alveolar macrophage functions important in pulmonary defense against infectious agents. Male Holstein calves were given either 4-ipomeanol (3 mg kg-1, i.v.) or vehicle (polyethylene glycol 400). Alveolar macrophages were recovered by pulmonary lavage 3 days later, ...
Mageto Y N - - 1997
The pulmonary parenchyma in interstitial fibrosis responds stereotypically to a variety of insults. The observation that only a small subset of persons exposed to known fibrogenic agents develop fibrosis and the induction of pulmonary fibrosis in genetically susceptible mice support a genetic predisposition. The description of familial idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis ...
Keane M P - - 1997
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and often fatal disorder. Fibroplasia and deposition of extracellular matrix are dependent, in part, on angiogenesis. We postulated that an imbalance exists in the expression of angiogenic (IL-8) vs angiostatic (IFN-gamma-inducible protein (IP-10)) CXC chemokines, which favors net angiogenesis in IPF. To test ...
Kuebler W M - - 1997
1. Sequestration of leucocytes in the lung is the net result of leucocyte rolling and sticking in pulmonary arterioles and venules and their retention in alveolar capillaries. 2. In order to investigate whether adhesion molecules of the selectin family contribute to these phenomena the effects of fucoidin (an inhibitor of ...
Kesavachandran C - - 1997
The present study attempts to investigate the pulmonary functions of snake boat rowers before and after rowing. This is made on 12 healthy traditional snake boat rowers ranging from age 16-23 years of Kavanattinkara boat race, Kottayam, Kerala, India. The pulmonary function tests were carried out with vitallograph compact-II spirometer. ...
Chiang C H - - 1997
We investigated the pulmonary function of male asthmatics with childhood-onset asthma. Our results revealed that adult asthmatics with mild symptoms apparently have abnormal pulmonary function. On the other hand, after a 3-6-month symptom-free period, and even after inhalation of bronchodilator, they still showed significant residual abnormalities in pulmonary function. Pulmonary ...
Green R J - - 1996
Pulmonary vascular inflammatory disorders may involve all components of the pulmonary vasculature, including capillaries. The principal histopathologic features of pulmonary capillaritis include capillary wall necrosis with infiltration by neutrophils, interstitial erythrocytes, and/or hemosiderin, and interalveolar septal capillary occlusion by fibrin thrombi. Immune complex deposition is variably present. Patients often present ...
Drent M - - 1996
A 30 year old man developed lipoid pneumonia after an injection of lamp oil. In addition to "foamy" alveolar macrophages, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid analysis showed an increased number of neutrophils. Moreover, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase activities were elevated. The increase seen in LDH activity both in serum ...
Sato K - - 1996
We describe an 18 year old male with pulmonary interstitial and intra-alveolar cholesterol granulomas (PICG), which developed to severe respiratory failure over 15 yrs. The histological diagnosis was made on the basis of open lung biopsy findings at the age of 3 yrs and autopsy at 18 yrs of age. ...
Park K H - - 1996
The pathophysiology of meconium aspiration syndrome(MAS) is related to mechanical obstruction of the airways and to chemical pneumonitis. Meconium is also suggested to cause functional deterioration of pulmonary surfactant. Recent studies have reported that meconium inhibits the physical surface properties of pulmonary surfactant, and that administration of exogenous surfactant may ...
Sharma O P - - 1996
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), or cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis as it is known in the United Kingdom and Europe, is perhaps one of the most complex and frustrating pulmonary disorders. The cause of this illness is unknown. Treatment often founders in a mire of discontent, dissatisfaction, and failure. In fact, the ...
Quismorio F P FP - - 1996
Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and tracheobronchial sicca are the most common presentation of pulmonary involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome. There is wide spectrum of less common manifestations, including pulmonary arterial hypertension, pseudolymphoma, pulmonary lymphoma, lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis, amyloidosis, and pleurisy. Pulmonary function test abnormalities showing a restrictive pattern and cellular abnormalities ...
Kee S T - - 1996
To examine whether diffuse pleural thickening (DPT) causes impairment of pulmonary function independent of other manifestations of asbestos-related disease, we studied individuals selected from 1,150 men with occupational asbestos exposure who had undergone pulmonary function testing and computed tomographic (CT) scanning. The CT scans revealed 84 subjects with DPT as ...
Bradley S P - - 1996
Right ventricular free wall biopsy specimens in 40 patients undergoing surgery for relief of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension were normal in 5%, disclosed only myocyte hypertrophy in 80%, mild focal fibrosis in 12.5%, and myocarditis in 2.5%. There was no relation between postsurgical functional or hemodynamic outcomes and the presence ...
Scherrer-Crosbie M - - 1996
Cigarette smoking increases the alveolar epithelial permeability to small solutes, as assessed by the pulmonary clearance of aerosolized 99mTc-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetate. The involvement of lipid peroxidation in this increased clearance was tested in eight asymptomatic young smokers by investigating the effects of a 3-wk supplementation with oral vitamin E (1,000 IU/day) ...
Young R C RC - - 1996
A prospective case-control study was undertaken to assess respiratory disability in 133 former coal miners who were claimants for "black lung" benefits. Consecutive assignment was made to either case or control group based on their chest radiograph having shown coal workers' pneumoconiosis or no coal workers' pneumoconiosis. A respiratory occupational ...
Fritz-Hansen T - - 1996
A noninvasive method using an inversion recovery turbo-FLASH for dynamic measurement of the arterial input function represented by the bolus passage of Gd-DTPA in the descending aorta is presented, and the results are compared with the input function obtained by arterial blood samples. A good accordance between the two input ...
Nagasaka Y - - 1996
Two cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis were treated with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) via a fibreoptic bronchoscope. Additional clinical improvement was seen when trypsin was added to the lavage fluid. Analysis of effluents in the BAL fluid showed marked reduction of protein constituents with clinical improvement after treatment with trypsin in ...
Avashia B - - 1996
An assessment of human pulmonary effects from long-term, low-level exposure to methyl isocyanate (MIC) has been undertaken. Serial pulmonary function data, cigarette smoking histories, and other information were available for over 400 workers from a large chemical facility. In addition, industrial-hygiene measurements had been made and were used to classify ...
Schnabel A - - 1996
Sustained cough is a frequent complaint in methotrexate (MTX) treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and can be a symptom of incipient MTX-induced pneumonitis. This study was performed to characterize MTX-associated cough clinically and to clarify by which means this condition can be distinguished from incipient MTX pneumonitis. Three patients with MTX-induced ...
Sinicco A - - 1996
A case of pulmonary sarcoidosis and idiopathic CD4+ T lymphocytopenia is reported. Pneumocystis carinii was detected in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of a young homosexual man who was asymptomatic without any evidence of congenital or acquired immunodeficiency but with a low CD4+ cell count. A clinical and histological diagnosis of ...
Tátrai E - - 1996
Cellulose after a single intratracheal dose (15 mg per animal) brought about fibrosing granulomatous alveobronchiolitis and an increase of IgA production in the bronchoalveolar lavage. Fibrosing alveolitis showed moderate progression as a function of time. With different morphological methods, injury of type I pneumocytes and the incomplete repair of type ...
Matsuse T - - 1996
The expression of activin A, one of the transforming growth factor-beta supergene family, was studied in various pulmonary conditions associated with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (3 cases with diffuse alveolar damage, 6 cases with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and 1 case with pulmonary fibrosis associated with rheumatoid arthritis) using immunohistochemical techniques on ...
Miyake H - - 1996
Infectious mononucleosis occurs most commonly among adolescents and young adults. Moreover, intrathoracic involvement by infectious mononucleosis, especially pulmonary consolidation, is uncommon. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) showed a massive pulmonary consolidation in the right lower lobe, multiple mediastinal lymphadenopathy, and pleural effusion in a 41-year-old man with infectious mononucleosis. Histopathology confirmed ...
Valls-i-Soler A - - 1996
Experimental and clinical findings indicate immaturity of pulmonary surfactant in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Lung histology has shown a decreased amount of lamellar bodies. A low lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio in the amniotic fluid, and decreased concentrations of surfactant protein A and disaturated phosphatidylcholine in the pulmonary tissue and the amniotic fluid ...
Betsuyaku T - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: The relation between pulmonary function and low attenuation areas (LAAs) on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is not clear in subclinical pulmonary emphysema. Accordingly we examined pulmonary function and HRCT in asymptomatic community-based volunteers. DESIGN: The existence of LAAs on CT was evaluated independently by three respiratory physicians who were ...
Jiva T M - - 1996
With the influx of immigrants from developing countries, deployment of American troops on foreign soil, and wide-ranging travel patterns of some United States citizens, one should expect an increase in the frequency of parasitic pulmonary diseases. We report a case of tropical pulmonary eosinophilia in a recent immigrant to Upstate ...
Salerno S M - - 1995
Drug-induced eosinophilic lung disease commonly presents as a simple pulmonary eosinophilia-like syndrome consisting of transient pulmonary infiltrates, peripheral eosinophilia, and mild pulmonary symptoms that disappear promptly upon withdrawal of the offending medication. However, a more fulminant presentation most resembling acute eosinophilic pneumonia has been recently described. We present a patient ...
Goupille P - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of technetium-99m J001X scintigraphy to image active pulmonary involvement in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). J001X is a fully characterized acylated poly(1,3)galactoside, isolated from Klebsiella membranes, which is able to bind recruited macrophages after aerosol administration. J001X scintigraphy was ...
Zaman S S - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To study the cytomorphologic findings in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in pulmonary sarcoidosis, relationship of the cytologic findings to radiologic stage and cytohistomorphologic correlation. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied the cytologic findings in BAL specimens from 26 patients who had clinical features and histologic findings consistent with pulmonary sarcoidosis. ...
Lin J L - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to investigate chest radiograms and respiratory function changes, including pulmonary function tests and alveolar-arterial oxygen difference, in survivors with paraquat intoxication. Chest radiograms and pulmonary function tests for 21 paraquat-poisoned patients were performed 10 d after paraquat intoxication; 3 mo later, the tests were ...
Valkila E H - - 1995
To determine the nature of respiratory functional impairment caused by asbestos-induced visceral pleural fibrosis (VPF) and to discover which pulmonary physiological variable best reveals it, we examined 59 asbestos-exposed construction workers having asbestos-related changes on chest radiographs. Computed tomography scans of the thorax were also performed. Visceral pleural fibrosis was ...
Tutor J D - - 1995
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH), a rare clinical entity, is characterized by bleeding into the alveoli and progressive pulmonary fibrosis. It is usually treated with systemic corticosteroids during acute bleeding episodes and with prolonged courses of oral corticosteroids and/or other immunosuppressant drugs for maintenance therapy. Because prolonged treatment with these agents ...
van der Veen M J - - 1995
We report the fatal disease course of 2 aged patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Both had respiratory complaints after 10-15 weeks of treatment with methotrexate (MTX). After withdrawal of MTX, and despite the use of corticosteroids and ventilatory support, both died of respiratory failure. Post mortem examination showed extensive pulmonary ...
Robertson D F - - 1995
Although tracheoesophageal fistula and esophageal atresia (TEF-EA) are surgically correctable, late respiratory complications have been reported. We administered a respiratory and gastrointestinal symptom questionnaire and performed standard pulmonary function tests (PF T's) and methacholine challenge testing on an unselected group of 25 subjects with TEF-EA who underwent surgery at our ...
Stettler L E - - 1995
This study was designed to examine the fibrogenic potentials of four coal slags that are being used as substitutes for silica sand in abrasive blasting. Six groups of 100 male Sprague-Dawley rats, including four coal slag groups, a vehicle control, and a positive control for fibrosis (Minusil quartz), were used. ...
Hall S J - - 1995
A potent man with early signs and symptoms of Peyronie's disease 3 months in duration received 1,200 rad of external beam radiation to the penis and presented 5 months later with impotence. Physical examination revealed diffusely woody indurated corporeal tissue. Nocturnal penile tumescence testing was abnormal and pharmaco-cavernosometry demonstrated diffuse ...
Zar H J - - 1995
We describe a rare case of bullous emphysema occurring in a young male with sarcoidosis. The patient had progressive pulmonary symptoms over 14 years. Chest radiology showed bilateral bullae predominantly of both upper and the left lower lobes and mild bronchiectasis. Pulmonary function tests revealed mild restrictive disease and a ...
Ikeda S - - 1995
To understand the significance of measured extravascular thermal volume of the lung (ETVL) in chronic pulmonary diseases, we measured ETVL using the double-indicator dilution technique in 17 emphysematous patients and 15 patients with pulmonary fibrosis. The level of ETVL in emphysema is significantly correlated with parameters reflecting the severity of ...
Barkley B - - 1994
Pulmonary function is predictive of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, in epidemiologic studies, researchers seek to measure pulmonary function with portable spirometers feasible for use in clinics or participants' homes. The purpose of this study was to validate a hand held spirometer, the Welch-Allyn Pneumocheck, against standard pulmonary function tests. The ...
Hanip M R - - 1994
A young East Malaysian lady presented with haemoptysis in 1989. Since then she had recurrent episodes of dyspnoea and two occasions of respiratory failure requiring assisted ventilation. An open lung biopsy showed intra-alveolar haemorrhage with diffuse interstitial fibrosis consistent with idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis after excluding secondary causes of pulmonary haemorrhage. ...
Bolton J W - - 1994
Physicians routinely discuss pulmonary function and its impact on prognosis or operative risk. Although many studies have related various measures of pulmonary function to postoperative outcome, there has been no study designed to determine which of the spirometric measures of pulmonary function tests reflects the actual abstract idea of pure ...
Mayorquin F J - - 1994
An 8-year-old girl presented with linear scleroderma, no evidence of systemic disease, and a negative antinuclear antibody (ANA) test. Over the next 12 months, she functioned normally. However, over the subsequent 5 months, she developed dyspnea, progressive pulmonary hypertension, a positive ANA test, and died 17 months after presentation. At ...
Meijer W G - - 1994
We describe a patient with multiple myeloma and respiratory insufficiency. Autopsy revealed accumulation of IgG-kappa paraprotein in the alveolar space. The clinical and pathological presentation are typical for secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Attention is focussed on the possibility of secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis as a cause for dyspnoea in patients ...
Johkoh T - - 1994
To estimate whether the lung abnormalities seen in collagen vascular diseases (CVD) were similar or distinct to those seen in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and to ascertain whether the extent of the abnormalities on high-resolution CT (HRCT) correlated with pulmonary function, we reviewed HRCT findings and pulmonary function test results ...
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