Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 618
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Chiang C H - - 1997
We investigated the pulmonary function of male asthmatics with childhood-onset asthma. Our results revealed that adult asthmatics with mild symptoms apparently have abnormal pulmonary function. On the other hand, after a 3-6-month symptom-free period, and even after inhalation of bronchodilator, they still showed significant residual abnormalities in pulmonary function. Pulmonary ...
Green R J - - 1996
Pulmonary vascular inflammatory disorders may involve all components of the pulmonary vasculature, including capillaries. The principal histopathologic features of pulmonary capillaritis include capillary wall necrosis with infiltration by neutrophils, interstitial erythrocytes, and/or hemosiderin, and interalveolar septal capillary occlusion by fibrin thrombi. Immune complex deposition is variably present. Patients often present ...
Drent M - - 1996
A 30 year old man developed lipoid pneumonia after an injection of lamp oil. In addition to "foamy" alveolar macrophages, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid analysis showed an increased number of neutrophils. Moreover, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase activities were elevated. The increase seen in LDH activity both in serum ...
Sato K - - 1996
We describe an 18 year old male with pulmonary interstitial and intra-alveolar cholesterol granulomas (PICG), which developed to severe respiratory failure over 15 yrs. The histological diagnosis was made on the basis of open lung biopsy findings at the age of 3 yrs and autopsy at 18 yrs of age. ...
Park K H - - 1996
The pathophysiology of meconium aspiration syndrome(MAS) is related to mechanical obstruction of the airways and to chemical pneumonitis. Meconium is also suggested to cause functional deterioration of pulmonary surfactant. Recent studies have reported that meconium inhibits the physical surface properties of pulmonary surfactant, and that administration of exogenous surfactant may ...
Sharma O P - - 1996
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), or cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis as it is known in the United Kingdom and Europe, is perhaps one of the most complex and frustrating pulmonary disorders. The cause of this illness is unknown. Treatment often founders in a mire of discontent, dissatisfaction, and failure. In fact, the ...
Quismorio F P FP - - 1996
Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and tracheobronchial sicca are the most common presentation of pulmonary involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome. There is wide spectrum of less common manifestations, including pulmonary arterial hypertension, pseudolymphoma, pulmonary lymphoma, lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis, amyloidosis, and pleurisy. Pulmonary function test abnormalities showing a restrictive pattern and cellular abnormalities ...
Kee S T - - 1996
To examine whether diffuse pleural thickening (DPT) causes impairment of pulmonary function independent of other manifestations of asbestos-related disease, we studied individuals selected from 1,150 men with occupational asbestos exposure who had undergone pulmonary function testing and computed tomographic (CT) scanning. The CT scans revealed 84 subjects with DPT as ...
Bradley S P - - 1996
Right ventricular free wall biopsy specimens in 40 patients undergoing surgery for relief of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension were normal in 5%, disclosed only myocyte hypertrophy in 80%, mild focal fibrosis in 12.5%, and myocarditis in 2.5%. There was no relation between postsurgical functional or hemodynamic outcomes and the presence ...
Scherrer-Crosbie M - - 1996
Cigarette smoking increases the alveolar epithelial permeability to small solutes, as assessed by the pulmonary clearance of aerosolized 99mTc-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetate. The involvement of lipid peroxidation in this increased clearance was tested in eight asymptomatic young smokers by investigating the effects of a 3-wk supplementation with oral vitamin E (1,000 IU/day) ...
Young R C RC - - 1996
A prospective case-control study was undertaken to assess respiratory disability in 133 former coal miners who were claimants for "black lung" benefits. Consecutive assignment was made to either case or control group based on their chest radiograph having shown coal workers' pneumoconiosis or no coal workers' pneumoconiosis. A respiratory occupational ...
Fritz-Hansen T - - 1996
A noninvasive method using an inversion recovery turbo-FLASH for dynamic measurement of the arterial input function represented by the bolus passage of Gd-DTPA in the descending aorta is presented, and the results are compared with the input function obtained by arterial blood samples. A good accordance between the two input ...
Nagasaka Y - - 1996
Two cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis were treated with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) via a fibreoptic bronchoscope. Additional clinical improvement was seen when trypsin was added to the lavage fluid. Analysis of effluents in the BAL fluid showed marked reduction of protein constituents with clinical improvement after treatment with trypsin in ...
Avashia B - - 1996
An assessment of human pulmonary effects from long-term, low-level exposure to methyl isocyanate (MIC) has been undertaken. Serial pulmonary function data, cigarette smoking histories, and other information were available for over 400 workers from a large chemical facility. In addition, industrial-hygiene measurements had been made and were used to classify ...
Schnabel A - - 1996
Sustained cough is a frequent complaint in methotrexate (MTX) treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and can be a symptom of incipient MTX-induced pneumonitis. This study was performed to characterize MTX-associated cough clinically and to clarify by which means this condition can be distinguished from incipient MTX pneumonitis. Three patients with MTX-induced ...
Sinicco A - - 1996
A case of pulmonary sarcoidosis and idiopathic CD4+ T lymphocytopenia is reported. Pneumocystis carinii was detected in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of a young homosexual man who was asymptomatic without any evidence of congenital or acquired immunodeficiency but with a low CD4+ cell count. A clinical and histological diagnosis of ...
Tátrai E - - 1996
Cellulose after a single intratracheal dose (15 mg per animal) brought about fibrosing granulomatous alveobronchiolitis and an increase of IgA production in the bronchoalveolar lavage. Fibrosing alveolitis showed moderate progression as a function of time. With different morphological methods, injury of type I pneumocytes and the incomplete repair of type ...
Matsuse T - - 1996
The expression of activin A, one of the transforming growth factor-beta supergene family, was studied in various pulmonary conditions associated with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (3 cases with diffuse alveolar damage, 6 cases with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and 1 case with pulmonary fibrosis associated with rheumatoid arthritis) using immunohistochemical techniques on ...
Miyake H - - 1996
Infectious mononucleosis occurs most commonly among adolescents and young adults. Moreover, intrathoracic involvement by infectious mononucleosis, especially pulmonary consolidation, is uncommon. Thoracic computed tomography (CT) showed a massive pulmonary consolidation in the right lower lobe, multiple mediastinal lymphadenopathy, and pleural effusion in a 41-year-old man with infectious mononucleosis. Histopathology confirmed ...
Valls-i-Soler A - - 1996
Experimental and clinical findings indicate immaturity of pulmonary surfactant in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Lung histology has shown a decreased amount of lamellar bodies. A low lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio in the amniotic fluid, and decreased concentrations of surfactant protein A and disaturated phosphatidylcholine in the pulmonary tissue and the amniotic fluid ...
Betsuyaku T - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: The relation between pulmonary function and low attenuation areas (LAAs) on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is not clear in subclinical pulmonary emphysema. Accordingly we examined pulmonary function and HRCT in asymptomatic community-based volunteers. DESIGN: The existence of LAAs on CT was evaluated independently by three respiratory physicians who were ...
Jiva T M - - 1996
With the influx of immigrants from developing countries, deployment of American troops on foreign soil, and wide-ranging travel patterns of some United States citizens, one should expect an increase in the frequency of parasitic pulmonary diseases. We report a case of tropical pulmonary eosinophilia in a recent immigrant to Upstate ...
Salerno S M - - 1995
Drug-induced eosinophilic lung disease commonly presents as a simple pulmonary eosinophilia-like syndrome consisting of transient pulmonary infiltrates, peripheral eosinophilia, and mild pulmonary symptoms that disappear promptly upon withdrawal of the offending medication. However, a more fulminant presentation most resembling acute eosinophilic pneumonia has been recently described. We present a patient ...
Goupille P - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine the ability of technetium-99m J001X scintigraphy to image active pulmonary involvement in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA). J001X is a fully characterized acylated poly(1,3)galactoside, isolated from Klebsiella membranes, which is able to bind recruited macrophages after aerosol administration. J001X scintigraphy was ...
Zaman S S - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To study the cytomorphologic findings in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in pulmonary sarcoidosis, relationship of the cytologic findings to radiologic stage and cytohistomorphologic correlation. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied the cytologic findings in BAL specimens from 26 patients who had clinical features and histologic findings consistent with pulmonary sarcoidosis. ...
Lin J L - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to investigate chest radiograms and respiratory function changes, including pulmonary function tests and alveolar-arterial oxygen difference, in survivors with paraquat intoxication. Chest radiograms and pulmonary function tests for 21 paraquat-poisoned patients were performed 10 d after paraquat intoxication; 3 mo later, the tests were ...
Valkila E H - - 1995
To determine the nature of respiratory functional impairment caused by asbestos-induced visceral pleural fibrosis (VPF) and to discover which pulmonary physiological variable best reveals it, we examined 59 asbestos-exposed construction workers having asbestos-related changes on chest radiographs. Computed tomography scans of the thorax were also performed. Visceral pleural fibrosis was ...
Tutor J D - - 1995
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH), a rare clinical entity, is characterized by bleeding into the alveoli and progressive pulmonary fibrosis. It is usually treated with systemic corticosteroids during acute bleeding episodes and with prolonged courses of oral corticosteroids and/or other immunosuppressant drugs for maintenance therapy. Because prolonged treatment with these agents ...
van der Veen M J - - 1995
We report the fatal disease course of 2 aged patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Both had respiratory complaints after 10-15 weeks of treatment with methotrexate (MTX). After withdrawal of MTX, and despite the use of corticosteroids and ventilatory support, both died of respiratory failure. Post mortem examination showed extensive pulmonary ...
Robertson D F - - 1995
Although tracheoesophageal fistula and esophageal atresia (TEF-EA) are surgically correctable, late respiratory complications have been reported. We administered a respiratory and gastrointestinal symptom questionnaire and performed standard pulmonary function tests (PF T's) and methacholine challenge testing on an unselected group of 25 subjects with TEF-EA who underwent surgery at our ...
Stettler L E - - 1995
This study was designed to examine the fibrogenic potentials of four coal slags that are being used as substitutes for silica sand in abrasive blasting. Six groups of 100 male Sprague-Dawley rats, including four coal slag groups, a vehicle control, and a positive control for fibrosis (Minusil quartz), were used. ...
Hall S J - - 1995
A potent man with early signs and symptoms of Peyronie's disease 3 months in duration received 1,200 rad of external beam radiation to the penis and presented 5 months later with impotence. Physical examination revealed diffusely woody indurated corporeal tissue. Nocturnal penile tumescence testing was abnormal and pharmaco-cavernosometry demonstrated diffuse ...
Zar H J - - 1995
We describe a rare case of bullous emphysema occurring in a young male with sarcoidosis. The patient had progressive pulmonary symptoms over 14 years. Chest radiology showed bilateral bullae predominantly of both upper and the left lower lobes and mild bronchiectasis. Pulmonary function tests revealed mild restrictive disease and a ...
Ikeda S - - 1995
To understand the significance of measured extravascular thermal volume of the lung (ETVL) in chronic pulmonary diseases, we measured ETVL using the double-indicator dilution technique in 17 emphysematous patients and 15 patients with pulmonary fibrosis. The level of ETVL in emphysema is significantly correlated with parameters reflecting the severity of ...
Barkley B - - 1994
Pulmonary function is predictive of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, in epidemiologic studies, researchers seek to measure pulmonary function with portable spirometers feasible for use in clinics or participants' homes. The purpose of this study was to validate a hand held spirometer, the Welch-Allyn Pneumocheck, against standard pulmonary function tests. The ...
Hanip M R - - 1994
A young East Malaysian lady presented with haemoptysis in 1989. Since then she had recurrent episodes of dyspnoea and two occasions of respiratory failure requiring assisted ventilation. An open lung biopsy showed intra-alveolar haemorrhage with diffuse interstitial fibrosis consistent with idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis after excluding secondary causes of pulmonary haemorrhage. ...
Bolton J W - - 1994
Physicians routinely discuss pulmonary function and its impact on prognosis or operative risk. Although many studies have related various measures of pulmonary function to postoperative outcome, there has been no study designed to determine which of the spirometric measures of pulmonary function tests reflects the actual abstract idea of pure ...
Mayorquin F J - - 1994
An 8-year-old girl presented with linear scleroderma, no evidence of systemic disease, and a negative antinuclear antibody (ANA) test. Over the next 12 months, she functioned normally. However, over the subsequent 5 months, she developed dyspnea, progressive pulmonary hypertension, a positive ANA test, and died 17 months after presentation. At ...
Meijer W G - - 1994
We describe a patient with multiple myeloma and respiratory insufficiency. Autopsy revealed accumulation of IgG-kappa paraprotein in the alveolar space. The clinical and pathological presentation are typical for secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Attention is focussed on the possibility of secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis as a cause for dyspnoea in patients ...
Johkoh T - - 1994
To estimate whether the lung abnormalities seen in collagen vascular diseases (CVD) were similar or distinct to those seen in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and to ascertain whether the extent of the abnormalities on high-resolution CT (HRCT) correlated with pulmonary function, we reviewed HRCT findings and pulmonary function test results ...
Wright J L - - 1994
To assess the pulmonary structural and functional effects of smoking cessation, we exposed groups of guinea pigs to cigarette smoke for 4 and 8 mo and included a group of animals in which smoke exposure was stopped at 4 mo (ex-smokers). We found that, compared with control nonsmokers, the smokers ...
Leader W G - - 1994
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To characterize the effect of smoking cessation and nicotine replacement on pulmonary symptomatology, baseline pulmonary function and response to terbutaline, and purified T lymphocyte beta 2-receptor regulation; and the relationship between T lymphocyte beta 2-receptor density and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Open-label, longitudinal, 28-week study. SETTING: A university clinical ...
Mermolja M - - 1994
Cytological patterns of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) and amiodarone pulmonary toxicity (APT) are presented together with light and electron microscopy (EM). The differential cell count of BAL in both diseases is similar in that alveolar macrophages predominate. However, the cytology of PAP is characterized by scanty ...
Orens J B - - 1994
The pleuropulmonary manifestation of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) are pleuritis, acute lupus pneumonitis, chronic interstitial lung disease with fibrosis, alveolar hemorrhage, respiratory muscle and diaphragmatic dysfunction, atelectasis, bronchiolitis obliterans, pulmonary vascular disease with pulmonary hypertension, and pulmonary embolism. This article reviews these specific pleuropulmonary consequences of SLE while focusing on ...
Panos R J - - 1994
IPF is one of the most common causes of ILD of unknown etiology. Although the pathogenesis of IPF is not well understood, the clinical, radiographic, and physiologic findings in this disease have been clearly described. Most patients are middle aged and present with progressive breathlessness and dyspnea on exertion. The ...
Ray D - - 1993
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine the prevalence and incidence of pulmonary eosinophilia, with special reference to tropical pulmonary eosinophilia, in a rural community. DESIGN: This was a five year prospective study from 1981-86. SETTING: The study was conducted in four villages of Tamil Nadu in south India. SUBJECTS: ...
Liippo K K - - 1993
We describe a nonsmoking ceramic tile worker 25 yr of age who developed a worsening dry cough and dyspnea after 3.5 yr as a sorter and glazer of tiles. Open lung biopsy revealed an intense granulomatous interstitial pneumonia with mild fibrosis, compatible with hypersensitivity pneumonitis, and numerous very small birefringent ...
Pérez-Arellano J L - - 1993
Laminin is a 900,000-dalton extracellular matrix glycoprotein involved in a variety of functions, including cellular movement, growth, and differentiation. The aim of this work was to investigate the presence and biologic significance of this substance in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of diffuse interstitial lung diseases (DILD). Levels of laminin ...
Ogawa H - - 1993
The clinicopathologic features of five patients with acute eosinophilic pneumonia who presented with transient wheeze as well as acute onset of high fever, severe hypoxemia, and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates are described. Eosinophilic pneumonia was diagnosed by bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy. The illness resolved rapidly with or without corticosteroid ...
Kearon C - - 1993
Adolescent idiopathic thoracic scoliosis may lead to severe pulmonary impairment and early death, but the responsible factors are poorly understood; pulmonary function is only weakly related to the angle of scoliosis. We performed a cross-sectional study using multivariate analysis to identify the individual and additive influence of different features of ...
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