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Wurfel Mark M - - 2002
Pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating disease that occurs in association with environmental exposures, several inherited diseases, collagen vascular disease, as well as in an idiopathic form. Epithelial cell damage, excessive fibroblast proliferation, upregulation of extracellular matrix production, and attenuated matrix degradation are shared pathophysiological features of these different forms of ...
Herholz C - - 2002
The pulmonary health of 66 horses was assessed by a clinical examination and simple supplementary diagnostic methods. Single breath diagrams for CO(2) (SBD-CO(2)) and derived lung function indices were used to determine pulmonary function. The clinical signs in different groups were related to the results of the lung function indices ...
Yeoh Chuan-Ing - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Progressive massive fibrosis (PMF) is the severe form of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). Clinical observations have suggested that the components of PMF are inhomogenous. There may be a significant diversity in the magnitude of pulmonary impairment for miners with PMF. This study is intended to investigate the relationship between ...
Behera D - - 2002
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology with a number of inflammatory cells playing a role in its pathogenesis. In this study, we have attempted to find out the possible role of nitric oxide in its pathogenesis by way of measuring the nitrite and nitrate levels ...
Addrizzo-Harris D J - - 2002
The objective of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms of colchicine action in pulmonary fibrosis. The study included 10 patients with pulmonary fibrosis (idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis 5, asbestosis 4, and scleroderma 1) who had been admitted to Bellevue Hospital Center, a tertiary care public hospital in New York City. ...
Matsuoka S - - 2001
Ga-67 citrate scintigraphy was performed on a 29-year-old man who had been diagnosed as having pulmonary sarcoidosis by a transbronchial lung biopsy. A Ga-67 citrate scintigram showed increased uptake not only in the pulmonary hilum and mediastinum, but also in the thyroid gland and the right ilium. Chronic thyroiditis was ...
Tseng M Y - - 2001
Palmar hyperhidrosis, probably caused by an over-reactivity of sympathetic nerves passing through the second and the third thoracic sympathetic ganglia (T2 & T3 ganglia), can only be cured by sympathectomy. Such sympathetic denervation may also alter pulmonary function. Previous studies have shown that open sympathectomy can cause significant deterioration in ...
Chen Y H - - 2001
The purpose of the study was to follow up an earlier observation of pulmonary function among workers employed in firebrick-manufacturing factories. A 2-year follow-up study of pulmonary function among 442 workers in 30 firebrick-manufacturing factories was designed. Excluding 79 workers with a history of other occupational dust exposure, changes in ...
Hasukić S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Laparotomy causes a significant reduction of pulmonary function, and atelectasis and pneumonia occur after open cholecystectomy. In this prospective, randomized study, we evaluated the hypothesis that pulmonary function is less restricted after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) than after open cholecystectomy (OC). METHODS: Sixty patients underwent laparoscopic (n = 30) or ...
Nagai S - - 2001
This review focuses on two representatives of pulmonary fibrosis. One is usual interstitial pneumonia lesion, typically seen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The other is parenchymal fibrosis along the bronchovascular bundles, observed in patients with sarcoidosis. Both are intractable fibrosis amenable only to lung transplantation. The authors trace the ...
Hubbs A F - - 2001
Inhalation of silica dust is associated with pulmonary fibrosis. Therefore, substitute abrasive materials have been suggested for use in abrasive blasting operations. To date, toxicological evaluation of most substitute abrasives has been incomplete. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the pulmonary toxicity of a set of substitute ...
Fazzi P - - 2001
We describe four patients with proven sarcoidosis and minor pulmonary involvement according to high-resolution CT (HRCT) findings in whom the recently described sign of decreased attenuation on expiratory HRCT scan appeared associated with the reduction of the single-breath diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and the DLCO ...
Orfanos S E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary capillary endothelium-bound angiotensin-converting enzyme (PCEB-ACE) activity is a sensitive and quantifiable index of endothelial function in vivo. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by endothelial damage and excess collagen formation, causing mainly pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) subset and interstitial lung disease with pulmonary interstitial ...
Hawk A - - 2001
Scleroderma is a broad term encompassing both localized and systemic sclerosis. Localized scleroderma is a cutaneous limited fibrosis that manifests as plaque morphea, generalized morphea, linear scleroderma, and deep morphea. Systemic scleroderma (sclerosis) can manifest as either limited or diffuse disease. Limited systemic sclerosis is typically preceded by Raynaud's phenomenon, ...
Lin M C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To identify what influence the various features of spinal deformity have on pulmonary function in persons with idiopathic and the postpoliomyelitic scoliosis. DESIGN: Prospective, cohort, observational study with clinical and radiologic evaluations. SETTING: Hospital-based rehabilitation units. PATIENTS: Forty-four patients with idiopathic scoliotis and 16 with postpoliomyelitic scoliotis. Each group ...
Lobetti R G - - 2001
Five dogs presented with chronic and progressive pulmonary illness characterized by progressive dyspnea, exercise intolerance, and significant inspiratory crackles on auscultation. Radiographically, there was a widespread and diffuse interstitial lung pattern with varying degrees of bronchial involvement. Histopathological changes included thickened alveolar septa, interstitial fibrosis, and pneumocyte hyperplasia. Based on ...
Shell R - - 2001
SUMMARY. We utilized improved methods for assessing airway structure and function to define the clinical significance of the innominate artery syndrome. Both infant pulmonary function tests (IPFT) and noninvasive controlled ventilation computed tomography (CVCT) were used, along with traditional diagnostic techniques in a 2-month-old child with compression of the trachea ...
Gochuico B R - - 2001
Pulmonary fibrosis is an extra-articular disorder that can occur in association with rheumatoid arthritis. The differential diagnosis of this disorder is similar to that of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, but specific entities such as atypical pulmonary infections and drug-induced interstitial lung disease must be considered as causes of pulmonary fibrosis in ...
Wang X R - - 2000
This study aims to provide further understanding of physiologic and symptomatic changes and radiographic abnormalities due to exposure to silica, asbestos, and coal dusts. Questionnaires and pulmonary function tests were given to 220 silica, 277 asbestos, and 511 coal workers from three different industries in China. Posteroanterior chest radiographs were ...
Poletti V - - 2000
Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias are defined from the pathological point of view as non granulomatous intralobular inflammatory and fibrotic processes involving the alveolar walls. More than thirty years ago Liebow and Carrington pioneered the notion that morphological characteristics could be used with benefit in separating the different entities found in this ...
Krennmair G - - 2000
In this study, pulmonary function test data were obtained from 15 healthy volunteers and 15 patients with slightly impaired ventilation during both normal and maximally reduced opening of the mouth (trismus, intercuspal position). The aim of the study was to examine the effects of complete trismus on pulmonary function using ...
Marks J H - - 2000
This article reviews pulmonary function tests (quantitative measurements of physiologic functioning of lungs, chest wall, and respiratory muscles) as valuable tools for the diagnosis and management of chronic respiratory disease in adolescents. Advances in technology have made pulmonary function testing more available and, for some tests, easier to perform. Pulmonary ...
Nakata M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Whether video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) improves postoperative pulmonary function is still controversial. We compared postoperative pulmonary function after VATS lobectomy and standard lobectomy. METHODS: Eleven patients who had undergone standard lobectomy and 10 patients who had undergone VATS lobectomy were studied. Arterial blood gas analyses were performed on the ...
Franks T J - - 2000
Vasculitis, inflammation, and necrosis of blood vessels can involve any size or type of vessel in the pulmonary vasculature, including the capillaries, so-called capillaritis. Although pulmonary capillaritis is a histopathologic diagnosis that is not pathognomonic of a specific disorder, it usually signals the presence of an underlying systemic vasculitis or ...
dos Santos V M - - 2000
Two cases of human pulmonary adiaspiromycosis are reported. Patients were 29 and 54-year-old males, farm workers, with "grippe-like" symptoms and radiographic findings suggestive of granulomatous interstitial disease. Transthoracoscopic and transbronchial biopsies were performed. Pulmonary function was measured by spirometry. One patient used ketoconazole. Possibility of misdiagnosed pulmonary adiaspiromycosis is emphasized.
Moon S W - - 2000
Unilateral diaphragmatic eventration and paralysis require plication in cases of progressive dyspnea on exertion and recurrent respiratory infection. The patient, a 40-year-old woman, who had complained of worsening dyspnea on exertion and elevation of the left diaphragm on chest radiographs for 4 years, underwent plication by thoracoscopy with knifeless endostaplers. ...
Lundy D S - - 2000
Singing requires exquisite coordination between the respiratory and phonatory systems to efficiently control glottal airflow. Asymptomatic singing students underwent pulmonary function testing (PFT), videostrobolaryngoscopic examination, and measures of glottal efficiency (maximum phonation time [MPT], glottal flow rate [GFR], and phonation quotient [PQ]) performed in both a sung and spoken tone. ...
Hiromura K - - 2000
We report here 4 cases of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) which developed during the management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In each patient, pulmonary disease preceded the onset of nephritis by 1 to 6 years. All patients had a high titer of serum autoantibodies against myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA) when the diagnosis of ...
Cyr P V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have encountered instances where young subjects with idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax have been needlessly referred for investigation of pulmonary hypertension because surgical pathologists have misinterpreted the significance of medial hypertrophy and intimal fibrosis of muscular pulmonary arteries in lung resection specimens. METHODS: We reviewed 20 cases of idiopathic spontaneous ...
Breems D A - - 2000
Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease characterized by a periaortic fibrous mass throughout the retroperitoneum that often surrounds the ureters, leading to ureteral obstruction. An immune-mediated process has been suggested in which the antigen is derived from atherosclerotic plaques. The optimal treatment of patients with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis ...
Ueno H - - 2000
A 59-year-old man with progressive and advanced agnogenic myeloid metaplasia, also called idiopathic myelofibrosis, had complications showing bilateral interstitial pneumonic shadows. Pathological assessment of transbronchial biopsy revealed pulmonary perivascular fibrosis and infiltration of megakaryocytes. Autopsy 3 months later showed extramedullary megakaryopoiesis and fibrosis in lung, pleura, kidney, liver and spleen. ...
Honda T - - 2000
A case of sarcoidosis or sarcoid reaction with a rare manifestation of unilateral lymphadenopathy compressing the trunk of the right pulmonary artery is presented. A 71-year-old woman was admitted for evaluation of a left hilar mass. Chest CT scans showed a mass invading the right pulmonary artery. A frozen section ...
Bavry A A - - 2000
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare condition characterized by diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage of unknown etiology. Cardiac involvement in the form of myocarditis and right ventricular hypertrophy have been reported to occur in association with IPH, although findings on echocardiography have not been described. Herein is presented a case of ...
Obayashi Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that carbohydrate antigen sialyl Lewis (a) (CA19-9) levels are elevated in serum as well as in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with pulmonary fibrosis. However, the biological significance of CA19-9 is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate correlations between ...
Tobin W R - - 2000
The purpose of this article is to review the findings from research directed at understanding the effects of volatile anesthetics on the respiratory surface known as pulmonary surfactant. Anesthetics have long been known to have a disruptive effect on biological membranes. This review will highlight the interactions of volatile anesthetics ...
Chow S K - - 2000
'Amyotrophic dermatomyositis' (ADM) is used to describe a small subgroup of patients with the typical skin rash associated with dermatomyositis but without muscle involvement. Lung involvement in ADM is rare. We report on the management of a patient with ADM associated with pulmonary fibrosis at presentation, and her response to ...
Dhillon S S - - 1999
Propylthiouracil (PTU) has recently been observed to be associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive small vessel vasculitis, resulting in crescentic glomerulonephritis and, infrequently, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). We describe a case of a 23-year-old pregnant woman who developed a perinuclear ANCA and antimyeloperoxidase-positive small vessel vasculitis manifesting as DAH and ...
Widmann R F - - 1999
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional radiologic and clinical study of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether pulmonary compromise is more closely correlated with scoliosis, kyphosis, or chest wall deformity in the population with osteogenesis imperfecta, and to assess the impact of spinal deformity, chest wall deformity, and pulmonary function ...
Hayasaka M - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate both the proliferation of type II pneumocytes in the alveolitis associated with pulmonary sarcoidosis and any alteration in their surface membrane antigenicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated 20 transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) specimens from 20 patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis, 7 TBLB specimens from 7 sarcoidosis patients ...
Touqui L - - 1999
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening lung injury that is characterized by arterial hypoxemia and noncardiogenic pulmonary oedema. One feature of ARDS is an alteration of pulmonary surfactant that increases surface tension at the air-liquid interface and results in alveolar collapse and the impairment of gas exchange. Type-II ...
Meuwissen M - - 1999
We report a 30-year old, previously healthy, Ghanese woman admitted with sudden onset of dyspnoe, hemoptoe and right-sided chest pain due to endomyocardial fibrosis with secondary pulmonary emboli Coronary angiography revealed a myocardial "blush". This finding may focus attention to the presence of mural thrombus that may have diagnostic and ...
Hess M M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To present data on pulmonary function in 59 laryngectomees using a specially designed silicone adapter for connection of the stoma to the bodyplethysmograph. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective assessment of pulmonary function in 59 patients, and comparison of lung function before and after bronchodilator testing in selected cases. METHODS: The usefulness ...
van der Schans C P - - 1999
Cough and expectoration of mucus are the best-known symptoms in patients with pulmonary disease. The most applied intervention for these symptoms is the use of chest physiotherapy to increase bronchial mucus transport and reduce retention of mucus in the airways. Chest physiotherapy interventions can be evaluated using different outcome variables, ...
Wang X - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although severe impairment of pulmonary function is believed to occur commonly in complicated pneumoconiosis, the relationships of simple coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) to pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms have remained under debate. The study aims to investigate if simple pneumoconiosis is associated with significant impairment of pulmonary function and ...
Massie R J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the spectrum of musculoskeletal complications of cystic fibrosis (CF) in a paediatric population in Australia. METHOD: Clinical assessment followed by serology and bone scan on patients attending a specialized CF clinic. RESULTS: Of 125 patients studied, 21 had musculoskeletal complications, 17 attributable to CF. Eleven had joint ...
Jindal S K - - 1998
An algorithm for diagnosis of pulmonary fibrosis in the tropical countries has been developed on the basis of the common causes of fibrosis, and the availability and feasibility of different diagnostic techniques in those countries. First, it is important to exclude common diseases such as the atypical or occult forms ...
Milman N - - 1998
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare clinical entity characterized by recurrent episodes of diffuse alveolar haemorrhage, often presenting with haemoptysis. Many patients have iron deficiency anaemia due to deposition of haemosiderin iron in the alveoli, and eventually develop moderate pulmonary fibrosis. Typically, intensive search for an aetiology ends up ...
Archer V E - - 1998
Many uranium miners have been disabled by and died of pulmonary fibrosis that was not recognized as an occupational disease. A review of animal studies, complications from whole body irradiation, pulmonary function, and mortality studies of uranium miners led us to suspect radiation-induced chronic diffuse interstitial fibrosis in miners who ...
Jacques I - - 1998
We analysed the pulmonary evolution (radiological scores and pulmonary function) of 81 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients colonized by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), by Burkholderia cepacia (BC) or by both these bacteria, compared to a control group. Pulmonary function was compared in the age bracket 6-13 years. Functional vital capacity (FVC) and ...
Müller-Quernheim J - - 1998
Immunopathogenic mechanisms in sarcoidosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and pulmonary manifestations of collagen-vascular diseases maintain an alveolitis which may lead to irreversible organ damage. The classical parameters used in the management of pulmonary involvement of these disorders are chest X-ray and pulmonary function test which do not gauge alveolitis but rather ...
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