Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 640
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Collard B - - 2002
A 23-year-old man was admitted to the hospital because of dyspnea. Chest X-ray showed reticulo-nodular opacities. The crazy paving appearance on high-resolution CT was highly suggestive of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Histologic examination confirmed the diagnosis. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease but an important diagnosis to make as treatment ...
Otake Shoichiro - - 2002
The purpose of our study was to determine whether osteophytes of the thoracic vertebrae cause focal fibrosis in the subpleural region. Osteophytes of the thoracic vertebrae appear to cause focal fibrosis in the adjacent pulmonary tissue.
Vassallo Robert - - 2002
Treatment options for patients with pulmonary fibrosis associated with rheumatoid disease are limited. We report a case of a 71-year-old man with a 3-year history of seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) referred to the pulmonary clinic because of progressive pulmonary symptoms associated with radiographic fibrosis that was progressive in spite of ...
Shimizu Yuji - - 2002
A 73-year-old woman with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) had an elevated serum CA19-9 level, but not KL-6. Her condition worsened and she subsequently died and this was associated with a rise in the serum KL-6 level. At autopsy, the lung showed a honeycomb appearance macroscopically and, microscopically, hyaline membrane formation ...
Schmaling Karen B - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine the association of psychosocial and other variables to pulmonary function over four months. Thirty-two patients with asthma kept daily records of pulmonary function and psychosocial variables for an average of 140 days. Data on other potential covariates of pulmonary function, as assessed ...
Porter Dale W - - 2002
Blasting sand is used for abrasive blasting, but its inhalation is associated with pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis. Consequently, safer substitute materials for blasting sand are needed. In a previous study from this laboratory, the comparative pulmonary toxicity of five abrasive blasting substitutes and blasting sand was reported. In this study, ...
Qu Jieming - - 2002
Pulmonary surfactant ( PS ) compromises lipids and surfactant proteins (SP) and lines on the alveolar air-liquid interface. It can reduce surface tension, prevent alveoli from collapse and reduce alveoli edema by disaturated dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine. It also modulates the pulmonary immunology by SP-A and SP-D. In this study,we established a rat ...
van der Schans Cees P - - 2002
Mucus hypersecretion and retention of mucus are common in patients with pulmonary disease. In order to reduce mucus retention, airway clearance techniques are used. The most commonly used outcome parameter in clinical situations--pulmonary function testing--is probably not very useful. For research purposes measurement of the transport rate of mucus in ...
Chu Szu-Hung - - 2002
Pleuropulmonary disease is occasionally seen in association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. There have been few case reports of pulmonary hemosiderosis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. We describe a case of a 3-year-old girl with iron deficiency anemia, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and pulmonary hemosiderosis. Arthralgia of the left knee was noted ...
Yao T C - - 2002
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis is a very rare but devastating disorder. Diagnosis is sometimes difficult and the clinical course exceedingly variable, as illustrated by this report of a girl, aged 2 years 4 months, with severe iron deficiency anaemia. There was no response to iron therapy and transfusions. Sustained and striking ...
Nagase Takahide - - 2002
Pulmonary fibrosis is an interstitial disorder of the lung parenchyma whose mechanism is poorly understood. Potential mechanisms include the infiltration of inflammatory cells to the lungs and the generation of pro-inflammatory mediators. In particular, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and fatal form of the disorder characterized by alveolar inflammation, ...
Anstey Nicholas M - - 2002
Despite recognition of acute respiratory distress syndrome in both falciparum and vivax malaria, disease-related changes in pulmonary function have not been defined, and underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function, pulmonary phagocytic cell activity, and longitudinal changes were examined in 26 adults with uncomplicated falciparum, vivax, and ...
Wurfel Mark M - - 2002
Pulmonary fibrosis is a devastating disease that occurs in association with environmental exposures, several inherited diseases, collagen vascular disease, as well as in an idiopathic form. Epithelial cell damage, excessive fibroblast proliferation, upregulation of extracellular matrix production, and attenuated matrix degradation are shared pathophysiological features of these different forms of ...
Herholz C - - 2002
The pulmonary health of 66 horses was assessed by a clinical examination and simple supplementary diagnostic methods. Single breath diagrams for CO(2) (SBD-CO(2)) and derived lung function indices were used to determine pulmonary function. The clinical signs in different groups were related to the results of the lung function indices ...
Yeoh Chuan-Ing - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Progressive massive fibrosis (PMF) is the severe form of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP). Clinical observations have suggested that the components of PMF are inhomogenous. There may be a significant diversity in the magnitude of pulmonary impairment for miners with PMF. This study is intended to investigate the relationship between ...
Behera D - - 2002
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown aetiology with a number of inflammatory cells playing a role in its pathogenesis. In this study, we have attempted to find out the possible role of nitric oxide in its pathogenesis by way of measuring the nitrite and nitrate levels ...
Addrizzo-Harris D J - - 2002
The objective of this study was to evaluate the mechanisms of colchicine action in pulmonary fibrosis. The study included 10 patients with pulmonary fibrosis (idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis 5, asbestosis 4, and scleroderma 1) who had been admitted to Bellevue Hospital Center, a tertiary care public hospital in New York City. ...
Matsuoka S - - 2001
Ga-67 citrate scintigraphy was performed on a 29-year-old man who had been diagnosed as having pulmonary sarcoidosis by a transbronchial lung biopsy. A Ga-67 citrate scintigram showed increased uptake not only in the pulmonary hilum and mediastinum, but also in the thyroid gland and the right ilium. Chronic thyroiditis was ...
Tseng M Y - - 2001
Palmar hyperhidrosis, probably caused by an over-reactivity of sympathetic nerves passing through the second and the third thoracic sympathetic ganglia (T2 & T3 ganglia), can only be cured by sympathectomy. Such sympathetic denervation may also alter pulmonary function. Previous studies have shown that open sympathectomy can cause significant deterioration in ...
Chen Y H - - 2001
The purpose of the study was to follow up an earlier observation of pulmonary function among workers employed in firebrick-manufacturing factories. A 2-year follow-up study of pulmonary function among 442 workers in 30 firebrick-manufacturing factories was designed. Excluding 79 workers with a history of other occupational dust exposure, changes in ...
Hasukić S - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Laparotomy causes a significant reduction of pulmonary function, and atelectasis and pneumonia occur after open cholecystectomy. In this prospective, randomized study, we evaluated the hypothesis that pulmonary function is less restricted after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) than after open cholecystectomy (OC). METHODS: Sixty patients underwent laparoscopic (n = 30) or ...
Nagai S - - 2001
This review focuses on two representatives of pulmonary fibrosis. One is usual interstitial pneumonia lesion, typically seen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The other is parenchymal fibrosis along the bronchovascular bundles, observed in patients with sarcoidosis. Both are intractable fibrosis amenable only to lung transplantation. The authors trace the ...
Hubbs A F - - 2001
Inhalation of silica dust is associated with pulmonary fibrosis. Therefore, substitute abrasive materials have been suggested for use in abrasive blasting operations. To date, toxicological evaluation of most substitute abrasives has been incomplete. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare the pulmonary toxicity of a set of substitute ...
Fazzi P - - 2001
We describe four patients with proven sarcoidosis and minor pulmonary involvement according to high-resolution CT (HRCT) findings in whom the recently described sign of decreased attenuation on expiratory HRCT scan appeared associated with the reduction of the single-breath diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and the DLCO ...
Orfanos S E - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary capillary endothelium-bound angiotensin-converting enzyme (PCEB-ACE) activity is a sensitive and quantifiable index of endothelial function in vivo. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by endothelial damage and excess collagen formation, causing mainly pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) subset and interstitial lung disease with pulmonary interstitial ...
Hawk A - - 2001
Scleroderma is a broad term encompassing both localized and systemic sclerosis. Localized scleroderma is a cutaneous limited fibrosis that manifests as plaque morphea, generalized morphea, linear scleroderma, and deep morphea. Systemic scleroderma (sclerosis) can manifest as either limited or diffuse disease. Limited systemic sclerosis is typically preceded by Raynaud's phenomenon, ...
Lin M C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To identify what influence the various features of spinal deformity have on pulmonary function in persons with idiopathic and the postpoliomyelitic scoliosis. DESIGN: Prospective, cohort, observational study with clinical and radiologic evaluations. SETTING: Hospital-based rehabilitation units. PATIENTS: Forty-four patients with idiopathic scoliotis and 16 with postpoliomyelitic scoliotis. Each group ...
Lobetti R G - - 2001
Five dogs presented with chronic and progressive pulmonary illness characterized by progressive dyspnea, exercise intolerance, and significant inspiratory crackles on auscultation. Radiographically, there was a widespread and diffuse interstitial lung pattern with varying degrees of bronchial involvement. Histopathological changes included thickened alveolar septa, interstitial fibrosis, and pneumocyte hyperplasia. Based on ...
Shell R - - 2001
SUMMARY. We utilized improved methods for assessing airway structure and function to define the clinical significance of the innominate artery syndrome. Both infant pulmonary function tests (IPFT) and noninvasive controlled ventilation computed tomography (CVCT) were used, along with traditional diagnostic techniques in a 2-month-old child with compression of the trachea ...
Gochuico B R - - 2001
Pulmonary fibrosis is an extra-articular disorder that can occur in association with rheumatoid arthritis. The differential diagnosis of this disorder is similar to that of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, but specific entities such as atypical pulmonary infections and drug-induced interstitial lung disease must be considered as causes of pulmonary fibrosis in ...
Wang X R - - 2000
This study aims to provide further understanding of physiologic and symptomatic changes and radiographic abnormalities due to exposure to silica, asbestos, and coal dusts. Questionnaires and pulmonary function tests were given to 220 silica, 277 asbestos, and 511 coal workers from three different industries in China. Posteroanterior chest radiographs were ...
Poletti V - - 2000
Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias are defined from the pathological point of view as non granulomatous intralobular inflammatory and fibrotic processes involving the alveolar walls. More than thirty years ago Liebow and Carrington pioneered the notion that morphological characteristics could be used with benefit in separating the different entities found in this ...
Krennmair G - - 2000
In this study, pulmonary function test data were obtained from 15 healthy volunteers and 15 patients with slightly impaired ventilation during both normal and maximally reduced opening of the mouth (trismus, intercuspal position). The aim of the study was to examine the effects of complete trismus on pulmonary function using ...
Marks J H - - 2000
This article reviews pulmonary function tests (quantitative measurements of physiologic functioning of lungs, chest wall, and respiratory muscles) as valuable tools for the diagnosis and management of chronic respiratory disease in adolescents. Advances in technology have made pulmonary function testing more available and, for some tests, easier to perform. Pulmonary ...
Nakata M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Whether video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) improves postoperative pulmonary function is still controversial. We compared postoperative pulmonary function after VATS lobectomy and standard lobectomy. METHODS: Eleven patients who had undergone standard lobectomy and 10 patients who had undergone VATS lobectomy were studied. Arterial blood gas analyses were performed on the ...
Franks T J - - 2000
Vasculitis, inflammation, and necrosis of blood vessels can involve any size or type of vessel in the pulmonary vasculature, including the capillaries, so-called capillaritis. Although pulmonary capillaritis is a histopathologic diagnosis that is not pathognomonic of a specific disorder, it usually signals the presence of an underlying systemic vasculitis or ...
dos Santos V M - - 2000
Two cases of human pulmonary adiaspiromycosis are reported. Patients were 29 and 54-year-old males, farm workers, with "grippe-like" symptoms and radiographic findings suggestive of granulomatous interstitial disease. Transthoracoscopic and transbronchial biopsies were performed. Pulmonary function was measured by spirometry. One patient used ketoconazole. Possibility of misdiagnosed pulmonary adiaspiromycosis is emphasized.
Moon S W - - 2000
Unilateral diaphragmatic eventration and paralysis require plication in cases of progressive dyspnea on exertion and recurrent respiratory infection. The patient, a 40-year-old woman, who had complained of worsening dyspnea on exertion and elevation of the left diaphragm on chest radiographs for 4 years, underwent plication by thoracoscopy with knifeless endostaplers. ...
Lundy D S - - 2000
Singing requires exquisite coordination between the respiratory and phonatory systems to efficiently control glottal airflow. Asymptomatic singing students underwent pulmonary function testing (PFT), videostrobolaryngoscopic examination, and measures of glottal efficiency (maximum phonation time [MPT], glottal flow rate [GFR], and phonation quotient [PQ]) performed in both a sung and spoken tone. ...
Hiromura K - - 2000
We report here 4 cases of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) which developed during the management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In each patient, pulmonary disease preceded the onset of nephritis by 1 to 6 years. All patients had a high titer of serum autoantibodies against myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA) when the diagnosis of ...
Cyr P V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have encountered instances where young subjects with idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax have been needlessly referred for investigation of pulmonary hypertension because surgical pathologists have misinterpreted the significance of medial hypertrophy and intimal fibrosis of muscular pulmonary arteries in lung resection specimens. METHODS: We reviewed 20 cases of idiopathic spontaneous ...
Breems D A - - 2000
Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease characterized by a periaortic fibrous mass throughout the retroperitoneum that often surrounds the ureters, leading to ureteral obstruction. An immune-mediated process has been suggested in which the antigen is derived from atherosclerotic plaques. The optimal treatment of patients with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis ...
Ueno H - - 2000
A 59-year-old man with progressive and advanced agnogenic myeloid metaplasia, also called idiopathic myelofibrosis, had complications showing bilateral interstitial pneumonic shadows. Pathological assessment of transbronchial biopsy revealed pulmonary perivascular fibrosis and infiltration of megakaryocytes. Autopsy 3 months later showed extramedullary megakaryopoiesis and fibrosis in lung, pleura, kidney, liver and spleen. ...
Honda T - - 2000
A case of sarcoidosis or sarcoid reaction with a rare manifestation of unilateral lymphadenopathy compressing the trunk of the right pulmonary artery is presented. A 71-year-old woman was admitted for evaluation of a left hilar mass. Chest CT scans showed a mass invading the right pulmonary artery. A frozen section ...
Bavry A A - - 2000
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare condition characterized by diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage of unknown etiology. Cardiac involvement in the form of myocarditis and right ventricular hypertrophy have been reported to occur in association with IPH, although findings on echocardiography have not been described. Herein is presented a case of ...
Obayashi Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that carbohydrate antigen sialyl Lewis (a) (CA19-9) levels are elevated in serum as well as in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with pulmonary fibrosis. However, the biological significance of CA19-9 is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate correlations between ...
Tobin W R - - 2000
The purpose of this article is to review the findings from research directed at understanding the effects of volatile anesthetics on the respiratory surface known as pulmonary surfactant. Anesthetics have long been known to have a disruptive effect on biological membranes. This review will highlight the interactions of volatile anesthetics ...
Chow S K - - 2000
'Amyotrophic dermatomyositis' (ADM) is used to describe a small subgroup of patients with the typical skin rash associated with dermatomyositis but without muscle involvement. Lung involvement in ADM is rare. We report on the management of a patient with ADM associated with pulmonary fibrosis at presentation, and her response to ...
Dhillon S S - - 1999
Propylthiouracil (PTU) has recently been observed to be associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive small vessel vasculitis, resulting in crescentic glomerulonephritis and, infrequently, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). We describe a case of a 23-year-old pregnant woman who developed a perinuclear ANCA and antimyeloperoxidase-positive small vessel vasculitis manifesting as DAH and ...
Widmann R F - - 1999
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional radiologic and clinical study of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether pulmonary compromise is more closely correlated with scoliosis, kyphosis, or chest wall deformity in the population with osteogenesis imperfecta, and to assess the impact of spinal deformity, chest wall deformity, and pulmonary function ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >