Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 603
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Moon S W - - 2000
Unilateral diaphragmatic eventration and paralysis require plication in cases of progressive dyspnea on exertion and recurrent respiratory infection. The patient, a 40-year-old woman, who had complained of worsening dyspnea on exertion and elevation of the left diaphragm on chest radiographs for 4 years, underwent plication by thoracoscopy with knifeless endostaplers. ...
Lundy D S - - 2000
Singing requires exquisite coordination between the respiratory and phonatory systems to efficiently control glottal airflow. Asymptomatic singing students underwent pulmonary function testing (PFT), videostrobolaryngoscopic examination, and measures of glottal efficiency (maximum phonation time [MPT], glottal flow rate [GFR], and phonation quotient [PQ]) performed in both a sung and spoken tone. ...
Hiromura K - - 2000
We report here 4 cases of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) which developed during the management of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In each patient, pulmonary disease preceded the onset of nephritis by 1 to 6 years. All patients had a high titer of serum autoantibodies against myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA) when the diagnosis of ...
Cyr P V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have encountered instances where young subjects with idiopathic spontaneous pneumothorax have been needlessly referred for investigation of pulmonary hypertension because surgical pathologists have misinterpreted the significance of medial hypertrophy and intimal fibrosis of muscular pulmonary arteries in lung resection specimens. METHODS: We reviewed 20 cases of idiopathic spontaneous ...
Breems D A - - 2000
Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease characterized by a periaortic fibrous mass throughout the retroperitoneum that often surrounds the ureters, leading to ureteral obstruction. An immune-mediated process has been suggested in which the antigen is derived from atherosclerotic plaques. The optimal treatment of patients with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis ...
Ueno H - - 2000
A 59-year-old man with progressive and advanced agnogenic myeloid metaplasia, also called idiopathic myelofibrosis, had complications showing bilateral interstitial pneumonic shadows. Pathological assessment of transbronchial biopsy revealed pulmonary perivascular fibrosis and infiltration of megakaryocytes. Autopsy 3 months later showed extramedullary megakaryopoiesis and fibrosis in lung, pleura, kidney, liver and spleen. ...
Honda T - - 2000
A case of sarcoidosis or sarcoid reaction with a rare manifestation of unilateral lymphadenopathy compressing the trunk of the right pulmonary artery is presented. A 71-year-old woman was admitted for evaluation of a left hilar mass. Chest CT scans showed a mass invading the right pulmonary artery. A frozen section ...
Bavry A A - - 2000
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare condition characterized by diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage of unknown etiology. Cardiac involvement in the form of myocarditis and right ventricular hypertrophy have been reported to occur in association with IPH, although findings on echocardiography have not been described. Herein is presented a case of ...
Obayashi Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that carbohydrate antigen sialyl Lewis (a) (CA19-9) levels are elevated in serum as well as in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with pulmonary fibrosis. However, the biological significance of CA19-9 is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate correlations between ...
Tobin W R - - 2000
The purpose of this article is to review the findings from research directed at understanding the effects of volatile anesthetics on the respiratory surface known as pulmonary surfactant. Anesthetics have long been known to have a disruptive effect on biological membranes. This review will highlight the interactions of volatile anesthetics ...
Chow S K - - 2000
'Amyotrophic dermatomyositis' (ADM) is used to describe a small subgroup of patients with the typical skin rash associated with dermatomyositis but without muscle involvement. Lung involvement in ADM is rare. We report on the management of a patient with ADM associated with pulmonary fibrosis at presentation, and her response to ...
Dhillon S S - - 1999
Propylthiouracil (PTU) has recently been observed to be associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive small vessel vasculitis, resulting in crescentic glomerulonephritis and, infrequently, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). We describe a case of a 23-year-old pregnant woman who developed a perinuclear ANCA and antimyeloperoxidase-positive small vessel vasculitis manifesting as DAH and ...
Widmann R F - - 1999
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional radiologic and clinical study of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether pulmonary compromise is more closely correlated with scoliosis, kyphosis, or chest wall deformity in the population with osteogenesis imperfecta, and to assess the impact of spinal deformity, chest wall deformity, and pulmonary function ...
Hayasaka M - - 1999
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate both the proliferation of type II pneumocytes in the alveolitis associated with pulmonary sarcoidosis and any alteration in their surface membrane antigenicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated 20 transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) specimens from 20 patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis, 7 TBLB specimens from 7 sarcoidosis patients ...
Touqui L - - 1999
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening lung injury that is characterized by arterial hypoxemia and noncardiogenic pulmonary oedema. One feature of ARDS is an alteration of pulmonary surfactant that increases surface tension at the air-liquid interface and results in alveolar collapse and the impairment of gas exchange. Type-II ...
Meuwissen M - - 1999
We report a 30-year old, previously healthy, Ghanese woman admitted with sudden onset of dyspnoe, hemoptoe and right-sided chest pain due to endomyocardial fibrosis with secondary pulmonary emboli Coronary angiography revealed a myocardial "blush". This finding may focus attention to the presence of mural thrombus that may have diagnostic and ...
Hess M M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To present data on pulmonary function in 59 laryngectomees using a specially designed silicone adapter for connection of the stoma to the bodyplethysmograph. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective assessment of pulmonary function in 59 patients, and comparison of lung function before and after bronchodilator testing in selected cases. METHODS: The usefulness ...
van der Schans C P - - 1999
Cough and expectoration of mucus are the best-known symptoms in patients with pulmonary disease. The most applied intervention for these symptoms is the use of chest physiotherapy to increase bronchial mucus transport and reduce retention of mucus in the airways. Chest physiotherapy interventions can be evaluated using different outcome variables, ...
Wang X - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Although severe impairment of pulmonary function is believed to occur commonly in complicated pneumoconiosis, the relationships of simple coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) to pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms have remained under debate. The study aims to investigate if simple pneumoconiosis is associated with significant impairment of pulmonary function and ...
Massie R J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine the spectrum of musculoskeletal complications of cystic fibrosis (CF) in a paediatric population in Australia. METHOD: Clinical assessment followed by serology and bone scan on patients attending a specialized CF clinic. RESULTS: Of 125 patients studied, 21 had musculoskeletal complications, 17 attributable to CF. Eleven had joint ...
Jindal S K - - 1998
An algorithm for diagnosis of pulmonary fibrosis in the tropical countries has been developed on the basis of the common causes of fibrosis, and the availability and feasibility of different diagnostic techniques in those countries. First, it is important to exclude common diseases such as the atypical or occult forms ...
Milman N - - 1998
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare clinical entity characterized by recurrent episodes of diffuse alveolar haemorrhage, often presenting with haemoptysis. Many patients have iron deficiency anaemia due to deposition of haemosiderin iron in the alveoli, and eventually develop moderate pulmonary fibrosis. Typically, intensive search for an aetiology ends up ...
Archer V E - - 1998
Many uranium miners have been disabled by and died of pulmonary fibrosis that was not recognized as an occupational disease. A review of animal studies, complications from whole body irradiation, pulmonary function, and mortality studies of uranium miners led us to suspect radiation-induced chronic diffuse interstitial fibrosis in miners who ...
Jacques I - - 1998
We analysed the pulmonary evolution (radiological scores and pulmonary function) of 81 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients colonized by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), by Burkholderia cepacia (BC) or by both these bacteria, compared to a control group. Pulmonary function was compared in the age bracket 6-13 years. Functional vital capacity (FVC) and ...
Müller-Quernheim J - - 1998
Immunopathogenic mechanisms in sarcoidosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and pulmonary manifestations of collagen-vascular diseases maintain an alveolitis which may lead to irreversible organ damage. The classical parameters used in the management of pulmonary involvement of these disorders are chest X-ray and pulmonary function test which do not gauge alveolitis but rather ...
Yamanouchi H - - 1998
The present study evaluated the clinical significance of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) in patients with pulmonary fibrosis. Twenty-one patients with a diagnosis of pulmonary fibrosis [14 with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and seven with pulmonary fibrosis associated with a collagen vascular disorder (PF-CVD]) and 21 normal subjects as control were ...
Nunn J F - - 1998
During routine anesthesia, normal arterial oxygenation cannot be ensured by observation of the patient or by any practicable measurement technique. It is therefore essential to have an understanding of the factors which influence the arterial PO2. The factors influencing the alveolar PO2 are simple and the actual level may be ...
Zontsich T - - 1998
We demonstrate the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis in a child before and after bronchoalveolar lavage. The CT pattern in our case differs from the pattern described in previous reports. We found a more homogeneous distribution of the pulmonary changes and a "crazy paving" pattern. High-resolution ...
Mikami T - - 1997
AIMS: For the diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis from bronchoalveolar lavage specimens it is normally necessary to make an ultrastructural examination. However, this is thought to be impractical for bronchoalveolar lavage specimens that have been routinely fixed in ethanol. In the present study, bronchoalveolar lavage cytology smears on slide glasses ...
Shimada T - - 1997
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and exacerbated pulmonary fibrosis presented concurrently in a 69-year-old woman with a 5-year history of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. The radiographic and histological examinations suggested usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) as a more likely diagnosis. Corticosteroid therapy resulted in relief of the patient's muscle symptoms and improvement in the ...
Li X - - 1997
The objective of this study was to determine whether 4-ipomeanol toxicosis in calves impairs alveolar macrophage functions important in pulmonary defense against infectious agents. Male Holstein calves were given either 4-ipomeanol (3 mg kg-1, i.v.) or vehicle (polyethylene glycol 400). Alveolar macrophages were recovered by pulmonary lavage 3 days later, ...
Mageto Y N - - 1997
The pulmonary parenchyma in interstitial fibrosis responds stereotypically to a variety of insults. The observation that only a small subset of persons exposed to known fibrogenic agents develop fibrosis and the induction of pulmonary fibrosis in genetically susceptible mice support a genetic predisposition. The description of familial idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis ...
Keane M P - - 1997
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and often fatal disorder. Fibroplasia and deposition of extracellular matrix are dependent, in part, on angiogenesis. We postulated that an imbalance exists in the expression of angiogenic (IL-8) vs angiostatic (IFN-gamma-inducible protein (IP-10)) CXC chemokines, which favors net angiogenesis in IPF. To test ...
Kuebler W M - - 1997
1. Sequestration of leucocytes in the lung is the net result of leucocyte rolling and sticking in pulmonary arterioles and venules and their retention in alveolar capillaries. 2. In order to investigate whether adhesion molecules of the selectin family contribute to these phenomena the effects of fucoidin (an inhibitor of ...
Kesavachandran C - - 1997
The present study attempts to investigate the pulmonary functions of snake boat rowers before and after rowing. This is made on 12 healthy traditional snake boat rowers ranging from age 16-23 years of Kavanattinkara boat race, Kottayam, Kerala, India. The pulmonary function tests were carried out with vitallograph compact-II spirometer. ...
Chiang C H - - 1997
We investigated the pulmonary function of male asthmatics with childhood-onset asthma. Our results revealed that adult asthmatics with mild symptoms apparently have abnormal pulmonary function. On the other hand, after a 3-6-month symptom-free period, and even after inhalation of bronchodilator, they still showed significant residual abnormalities in pulmonary function. Pulmonary ...
Green R J - - 1996
Pulmonary vascular inflammatory disorders may involve all components of the pulmonary vasculature, including capillaries. The principal histopathologic features of pulmonary capillaritis include capillary wall necrosis with infiltration by neutrophils, interstitial erythrocytes, and/or hemosiderin, and interalveolar septal capillary occlusion by fibrin thrombi. Immune complex deposition is variably present. Patients often present ...
Drent M - - 1996
A 30 year old man developed lipoid pneumonia after an injection of lamp oil. In addition to "foamy" alveolar macrophages, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid analysis showed an increased number of neutrophils. Moreover, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and alkaline phosphatase activities were elevated. The increase seen in LDH activity both in serum ...
Sato K - - 1996
We describe an 18 year old male with pulmonary interstitial and intra-alveolar cholesterol granulomas (PICG), which developed to severe respiratory failure over 15 yrs. The histological diagnosis was made on the basis of open lung biopsy findings at the age of 3 yrs and autopsy at 18 yrs of age. ...
Park K H - - 1996
The pathophysiology of meconium aspiration syndrome(MAS) is related to mechanical obstruction of the airways and to chemical pneumonitis. Meconium is also suggested to cause functional deterioration of pulmonary surfactant. Recent studies have reported that meconium inhibits the physical surface properties of pulmonary surfactant, and that administration of exogenous surfactant may ...
Sharma O P - - 1996
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), or cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis as it is known in the United Kingdom and Europe, is perhaps one of the most complex and frustrating pulmonary disorders. The cause of this illness is unknown. Treatment often founders in a mire of discontent, dissatisfaction, and failure. In fact, the ...
Quismorio F P FP - - 1996
Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis and tracheobronchial sicca are the most common presentation of pulmonary involvement in primary Sjögren's syndrome. There is wide spectrum of less common manifestations, including pulmonary arterial hypertension, pseudolymphoma, pulmonary lymphoma, lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis, amyloidosis, and pleurisy. Pulmonary function test abnormalities showing a restrictive pattern and cellular abnormalities ...
Kee S T - - 1996
To examine whether diffuse pleural thickening (DPT) causes impairment of pulmonary function independent of other manifestations of asbestos-related disease, we studied individuals selected from 1,150 men with occupational asbestos exposure who had undergone pulmonary function testing and computed tomographic (CT) scanning. The CT scans revealed 84 subjects with DPT as ...
Bradley S P - - 1996
Right ventricular free wall biopsy specimens in 40 patients undergoing surgery for relief of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension were normal in 5%, disclosed only myocyte hypertrophy in 80%, mild focal fibrosis in 12.5%, and myocarditis in 2.5%. There was no relation between postsurgical functional or hemodynamic outcomes and the presence ...
Scherrer-Crosbie M - - 1996
Cigarette smoking increases the alveolar epithelial permeability to small solutes, as assessed by the pulmonary clearance of aerosolized 99mTc-labeled diethylenetriaminepentaacetate. The involvement of lipid peroxidation in this increased clearance was tested in eight asymptomatic young smokers by investigating the effects of a 3-wk supplementation with oral vitamin E (1,000 IU/day) ...
Young R C RC - - 1996
A prospective case-control study was undertaken to assess respiratory disability in 133 former coal miners who were claimants for "black lung" benefits. Consecutive assignment was made to either case or control group based on their chest radiograph having shown coal workers' pneumoconiosis or no coal workers' pneumoconiosis. A respiratory occupational ...
Fritz-Hansen T - - 1996
A noninvasive method using an inversion recovery turbo-FLASH for dynamic measurement of the arterial input function represented by the bolus passage of Gd-DTPA in the descending aorta is presented, and the results are compared with the input function obtained by arterial blood samples. A good accordance between the two input ...
Nagasaka Y - - 1996
Two cases of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis were treated with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) via a fibreoptic bronchoscope. Additional clinical improvement was seen when trypsin was added to the lavage fluid. Analysis of effluents in the BAL fluid showed marked reduction of protein constituents with clinical improvement after treatment with trypsin in ...
Avashia B - - 1996
An assessment of human pulmonary effects from long-term, low-level exposure to methyl isocyanate (MIC) has been undertaken. Serial pulmonary function data, cigarette smoking histories, and other information were available for over 400 workers from a large chemical facility. In addition, industrial-hygiene measurements had been made and were used to classify ...
Schnabel A - - 1996
Sustained cough is a frequent complaint in methotrexate (MTX) treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and can be a symptom of incipient MTX-induced pneumonitis. This study was performed to characterize MTX-associated cough clinically and to clarify by which means this condition can be distinguished from incipient MTX pneumonitis. Three patients with MTX-induced ...
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