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Results 201 - 250 of 628
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Marten K - - 2004
A case of pulmonary sarcoidosis is presented characterized by multiple coalescent nodules and peripheral ground glass halos, which were fully reversible under repeat systemic glucocorticoid treatment. The differential diagnostic aspects of the pulmonary CT halo sign and its potential for indicating active reversible disease in patients with sarcoidosis is discussed.
Sahin Unal - - 2004
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by accumulation of calcific concretions in the alveolar spaces. The paper reports a case of PAM in a 56-year-old male. The patient had persistent dry cough, and gradually progressive dyspnea on exertion. The diagnosis was established on the ...
Chung Myung Jin - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have an increased risk of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, detecting pulmonary tuberculosis may be difficult due to the underlying fibrosis. The aim of this report is to describe the radiological and clinical findings of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. MATERIALS AND ...
Kawashima M - - 2004
We examined the morphologic characteristics of pulmonary macrophages in 42 specimens of Odontoceti (Globicephala macrorhynchus, Grampus griseus, Tursiops truncatus, Stenella attenuata, Stenella coeruleoalba, Berardius bairdii), using light and electron microscopes as well as immunohistochemistry with SRA-E5. SRA-E5-positive alveolar macrophages and pulmonary interstitial macrophages contained graphitic soots, indicating the clearance of ...
Lee Augustine S - - 2004
Pulmonary capillaritis is defined as a histopathologic pattern of alveolar wall inflammation that leads to the disruption of the integrity of alveolar-capillary basement membranes and flooding of the alveoli with blood. The clinical presentation is that of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). Pulmonary capillaritis is usually the consequence of an underlying ...
Mura Marco - - 2004
Clearance of inhaled technetium-99m diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (99mTc-DTPA) is a potential indicator of disease activity and progression in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of 99mTc-DTPA scans in IPF. A total of 22 patients (18 males), aged 33 to 80 years with ...
Kattan Abdulhakeim K - - 2004
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is recently described as a rare cause of lung dysfunction and respiratory distress in term neonates. In several cases, a deficiency or insufficiency of surfactant protein B SP-B has been caused by a frame shift mutation in the gene encoding SP-B. Three siblings with congenital pulmonary alveolar ...
Hennebicque Anne-Sophie - - 2005
Severe thoracic sarcoidosis includes manifestations with significant clinical and functional impairment and a risk of mortality. Severe thoracic sarcoidosis can take on various clinical presentations and is associated with increased morbidity. The purpose of this article was to describe the CT findings in severe thoracic sarcoidosis and to explain some ...
Presneill Jeffrey J - - 2004
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) has been recognized for almost half a century. At least three separate pathophysiologic mechanisms may lead to the characteristic feature of PAP: the excessive accumulation of surfactant lipoprotein in pulmonary alveoli, with associated disturbance of pulmonary gas exchange. The prognosis for adult patients with PAP varies, ...
Phillips Roderick J - - 2004
Previous reports have identified a circulating pool of CD45(+) collagen I(+) CXCR4(+) (CD45(+)Col I(+)CXCR4(+)) cells, termed fibrocytes, that traffic to areas of fibrosis. No studies have demonstrated that these cells actually contribute to fibrosis, however. Pulmonary fibrosis was originally thought to be mediated solely by resident lung fibroblasts. Here we ...
Orito Kensuke - - 2004
The involvement of chymase has been implicated in fibrotic response to tissue injuries. Besides its direct action, chymase indirectly promotes fibrotic response by generating angiotensin (Ang) II from Ang I. In the present study, we examined whether chymase and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), that also generates Ang II, were activated ...
Cetindag Ibrahim Bulent - - 2004
Pulmonary function is affected by several variables. The more marginal the patient, the more important the preoperative and perioperative assessment becomes. VATS might be tolerated well with regard to pulmonary function in the early postoperative period. It has allowed thoracic surgeons to expand surgical indications to patients that previously would ...
Fitting Jean-William - - 2004
The transfer factor for carbon monoxide (TLCO) is widely used in pulmonary function laboratories because it represents a unique non-invasive window on pulmonary microcirculation. The TLCO is the product of two primary measurements, the alveolar volume (VA) and the CO transfer coefficient (KCO). This test is most informative when VA ...
Khoo K L - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Eosinophilic lung diseases are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders linked by the common finding of increased eosinophilia in blood and/or tissue. They usually present to the clinician as pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia for which the differential diagnoses is fairly broad. CLINICAL PICTURE: Three patients presented with subacute cough, ...
Ioachimescu O C - - 2004
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis is a rare cause of diffuse alveolar haemorrhage of unknown aetiology. It occurs most frequently in children, has a variable natural history with repetitive episodes of diffuse alveolar haemorrhage, and has been reported to have a high mortality. Many patients develop iron deficiency anaemia secondary to deposition ...
Kradin Richard L - - 2004
Bleomycin yields pulmonary injury characterized by inflammation that proceeds to fibrosis. The production of IL-10 by pulmonary macrophages is increased in the inflammation that accompanies bleomycin lung injury. In the present study, IL-10 deficient and wildtype mice received 0.075 units of bleomycin intratracheally at day 0 and were sacrificed at ...
de Jong Pim A - - 2004
PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare thin-section computed tomographic (CT) scores obtained with five scoring systems for assessment of pulmonary disease in children with cystic fibrosis and to determine additional value of bronchial and arterial dimension measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scores obtained with five thin-section CT scoring systems were compared. A score ...
Hayashi Seiji - - 2004
To elucidate the biological significance of selectin for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, we titrated the serum soluble E-selectin. From 31 cases of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients without signs or symptoms of infection, the serum was obtained and the concentration was titrated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The serum soluble E-selectin titer was ...
Lee Hyun Kyung - - 2003
In 1932, Loffler described a syndrome of self-limiting, transient pulmonary infiltrates associated with peripheral blood eosinophilia and mild pulmonary symptoms. A number of conditions are related to pulmonary eosinophilia or pulmonary infiltration with eosinophilia. Especially, parasitic infestations are often related to pulmonary eosinophilia, but only two cases associated with Clonorchis ...
Deschamps F - - 2003
A cross-sectional study on suberosis was conducted in the Champagne-Ardenne County, France, to determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, the level of pulmonary function, and the presence of precipitins against Penicillium frequentans. Thirteen of the 33 workers exposed to cork dust had respiratory symptoms excluding hypersensitivity pneumonitis. The respiratory symptoms ...
Nielsen K G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary morbidity is still a relevant complication to major surgery despite improvements in surgical technique and anaesthetic methods. Postoperative posture may be a pathogenic factor, but the effects of changes in postoperative posture on pulmonary function have not been reviewed. METHODS: Review of controlled, clinical trials evaluating postoperative pulmonary ...
Kurup Ravi Kumar - - 2003
The isoprenoid pathway produces three key metabolites--endogenous digoxin, dolichol, and ubiquinone. This was assessed in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and in individuals of differing hemispheric dominance to find out the role of hemispheric dominance in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. All 15 cases of interstitial lung disease were ...
Raghu Ganesh - - 2003
Fibroblast foci are indicative of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and appear to be a cellular attempt to repair the damaged alveolus. Although this progressive, often fatal, clinical syndrome is thought to be dependent on alveolar injury of unknown origin, significant clinical and preclinical evidence points to gastric acid as a causative ...
Cui Tailin - - 2003
A large number of studies have demonstrated that the presence of eosinophils in the lungs of patients with pulmonary fibrosis correlates with poor prognosis or resistance to therapy. However, direct evidence of the relationship between the influx of eosinophil and pulmonary fibrosis has not yet been described experimentally. In this ...
Chen Xiao-Ling - - 2003
AIM: To observe the role of endogenous peroxynitrite (ONOO-) in pulmonary injury and fibrosis induced by bleomycin A5 (BLM-A5) in rats. METHODS: Pulmonary injury and fibrosis of rats were evaluated by testing the level of lipid peroxides (LPO) in out-going pulmonary blood (OPB), and by observing histological changes, including type ...
Miravitlles Marc - - 2003
A 39-year-old female patient, an ex-smoker with an 8-pack-year smoking history and severe pulmonary emphysema of early onset, received a diagnosis of alpha(1)-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency and proved to be a carrier of a new deficient variant, YBARCELONA, derived from the normal M1 variant with two substitutions: one in exon III ...
Latsi Panagiota I - - 2003
Survival is linked to the histopathologic distinction between usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), the most commonly encountered fibrotic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. We retrospectively compared the prognostic significance of histopathologic diagnoses, baseline pulmonary function indices, and serial trends in pulmonary function indices (diffusing capacity, FVC, FEV1, the ...
van Osch Matthias J P - - 2003
The measurement of the arterial input function by use of gradient echo sequences was investigated by in vitro and in vivo experiments. First, calibration curves representing the influence of the concentration of Gd-DTPA on both the phase and the amplitude of the MR signal were measured in human blood by ...
Collard Harold R - - 2003
There is significant heterogeneity in survival time among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Studies of baseline clinical and physiologic variables as predictors of survival time have reported inconsistent results. We evaluated the predictive value of changes in clinical and physiologic variables over time for survival time in 81 patients with ...
White Barbara - - 2003
Pulmonary fibrosis occurs most patients who have scleroderma. It progresses to severe restrictive lung disease in about 15% of patients and remains a major cause of death in this disease. Risks for developing pulmonary fibrosis include diffuse cutaneous scleroderma and anti-Scl-70 antibodies, and risks for developing progressive pulmonary fibrosis and ...
Pamuk Gülsüm Emel - - 2003
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is the intra-alveolar accumulation of periodic-acid schiff (PAS) positive material. PAP is one of the underrecognized causes of pulmonary infiltrates in patients with hematologic malignancies. Here, we present a patient with acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) in first remission that developed fever and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates during ...
Zeka Ariana - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Among epidemiologic studies that found evidence for associations between exposures to metal working fluids (MWF) and pulmonary function impairments, one found effects restricted to workers with fixed obstruction at baseline. We reanalyzed a previously published study on MWF exposure and cross-shift pulmonary function to further evaluate this finding. METHODS: ...
Gerhardt Susan G - - 2003
Pulmonary eosinophilia is an uncommon problem in lung transplant recipients. We report the unique occurrence of two cases of pulmonary eosinophilia in pulmonary allografts for sarcoidosis. Both patients rapidly acquired bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after resolution of pulmonary eosinophilia. It is known that peripheral eosinophilia is a marker for pulmonary ...
Collard Harold R - - 2003
Careful histopathological evaluation has shown the traditionally clinical diagnosis of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia to be more heterogeneous than once thought. Its subclassification, based on clinicopathological criteria, has important therapeutic and prognostic implications. The most important distinction is the presence of usual interstitial pneumonia, the histopathological pattern seen in idiopathic pulmonary ...
Card Jeffrey W - - 2003
Amiodarone (AM) is an efficacious antidysrhythmic agent that can cause numerous adverse effects, including potentially life-threatening pulmonary fibrosis. The current study was undertaken to investigate potential protective mechanisms of vitamin E against AM-induced pulmonary toxicity (AIPT) in the hamster. Three weeks after intratracheal administration of AM (1.83 micromol), increased pulmonary ...
Panchovska M - - 2003
The primary Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic inflamatory autoimmune disease of the exocrine glands with various glandular and extraglandular (systemic) manifestations. Changes in exocrine function of glands--including bronchial, should influence the frequency of pulmonary affecting, hence functional disorders as well. Examining some standard parameters of pulmonary function can often give ...
Strinić T - - 2002
A hypothesis on the existence of link between the changes in connective tissue in patients with genital descensus and impairments of their pulmonary function was made. In the sample of 40 patients, admitted to hospital for surgical correction of their genital descensus, their pulmonary ventilatory function was examined and compared ...
Schweigert Michael - - 2002
There have been reports in the literature of decrements in pulmonary function associated with long-term, low-level monomeric isocyanate exposure combined with solvent exposure. This cross-sectional study examines the relationship between these exposures and pulmonary function in an automobile paint and coating (finishes) plant. A job exposure matrix was developed for ...
Collard B - - 2002
A 23-year-old man was admitted to the hospital because of dyspnea. Chest X-ray showed reticulo-nodular opacities. The crazy paving appearance on high-resolution CT was highly suggestive of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Histologic examination confirmed the diagnosis. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare disease but an important diagnosis to make as treatment ...
Otake Shoichiro - - 2002
The purpose of our study was to determine whether osteophytes of the thoracic vertebrae cause focal fibrosis in the subpleural region. Osteophytes of the thoracic vertebrae appear to cause focal fibrosis in the adjacent pulmonary tissue.
Vassallo Robert - - 2002
Treatment options for patients with pulmonary fibrosis associated with rheumatoid disease are limited. We report a case of a 71-year-old man with a 3-year history of seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) referred to the pulmonary clinic because of progressive pulmonary symptoms associated with radiographic fibrosis that was progressive in spite of ...
Shimizu Yuji - - 2002
A 73-year-old woman with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) had an elevated serum CA19-9 level, but not KL-6. Her condition worsened and she subsequently died and this was associated with a rise in the serum KL-6 level. At autopsy, the lung showed a honeycomb appearance macroscopically and, microscopically, hyaline membrane formation ...
Schmaling Karen B - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to examine the association of psychosocial and other variables to pulmonary function over four months. Thirty-two patients with asthma kept daily records of pulmonary function and psychosocial variables for an average of 140 days. Data on other potential covariates of pulmonary function, as assessed ...
Porter Dale W - - 2002
Blasting sand is used for abrasive blasting, but its inhalation is associated with pulmonary inflammation and fibrosis. Consequently, safer substitute materials for blasting sand are needed. In a previous study from this laboratory, the comparative pulmonary toxicity of five abrasive blasting substitutes and blasting sand was reported. In this study, ...
Qu Jieming - - 2002
Pulmonary surfactant ( PS ) compromises lipids and surfactant proteins (SP) and lines on the alveolar air-liquid interface. It can reduce surface tension, prevent alveoli from collapse and reduce alveoli edema by disaturated dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine. It also modulates the pulmonary immunology by SP-A and SP-D. In this study,we established a rat ...
van der Schans Cees P - - 2002
Mucus hypersecretion and retention of mucus are common in patients with pulmonary disease. In order to reduce mucus retention, airway clearance techniques are used. The most commonly used outcome parameter in clinical situations--pulmonary function testing--is probably not very useful. For research purposes measurement of the transport rate of mucus in ...
Chu Szu-Hung - - 2002
Pleuropulmonary disease is occasionally seen in association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. There have been few case reports of pulmonary hemosiderosis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. We describe a case of a 3-year-old girl with iron deficiency anemia, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and pulmonary hemosiderosis. Arthralgia of the left knee was noted ...
Yao T C - - 2002
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis is a very rare but devastating disorder. Diagnosis is sometimes difficult and the clinical course exceedingly variable, as illustrated by this report of a girl, aged 2 years 4 months, with severe iron deficiency anaemia. There was no response to iron therapy and transfusions. Sustained and striking ...
Nagase Takahide - - 2002
Pulmonary fibrosis is an interstitial disorder of the lung parenchyma whose mechanism is poorly understood. Potential mechanisms include the infiltration of inflammatory cells to the lungs and the generation of pro-inflammatory mediators. In particular, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and fatal form of the disorder characterized by alveolar inflammation, ...
Anstey Nicholas M - - 2002
Despite recognition of acute respiratory distress syndrome in both falciparum and vivax malaria, disease-related changes in pulmonary function have not been defined, and underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function, pulmonary phagocytic cell activity, and longitudinal changes were examined in 26 adults with uncomplicated falciparum, vivax, and ...
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