Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 640
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Nuver Janine - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Use of bleomycin as a cytotoxic agent is limited by its pulmonary toxicity. Bleomycin is mainly excreted by the kidneys, but can also be inactivated by bleomycin hydrolase (BMH). An 1450A>G polymorphic site in the BMH gene results in an amino acid substitution in the C-terminal domain of the ...
Chen Y - - 2005
We examined the gender-related association between household exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and pulmonary function among 862 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years living in the town of Humboldt, Saskatchewan, in 1993. Pulmonary function tests included forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), ...
Hodgson Ulla - - 2005
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is the most common of the idiopathic interstitial lung diseases referring to the histo-pathological entity of usual interstitial pneumonia. It has been hypothesized that inflammation may trigger the multiformic fibrotic lesions found in the affected lung, and defects in the innate immune defense, including the complement, can ...
Procop G W - - 2005
We sought to determine if the BK and JC polyomaviruses were associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We did not detect the BK or JC polyomaviruses in lung tissue extracts from 33 patients with IPF by using real-time PCR, which suggests that an etiologic association is unlikely.
Grubstein Ahuva - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Smoking can cause a variety of pulmonary interstitial diseases. Pulmonary fibrosis has traditionally been considered a non-smoking-related disease. Recently, however, evidence of smoking-induced fibrosis has emerged. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A group of eight patients from the pulmonary clinic in Rabin Medical Center with a combine presentation of fibrosis and ...
Birring S S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: Cough is a common symptom in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis that is difficult to treat and has a major impact on quality of life. We tested the hypothesis that the cough and increased cough reflex sensitivity seen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis may be due to airway ...
Demir Tuncalp - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: There are recent reports regarding the use of forced expiratory volume in 6 s (FEV6) in place of forced expiratory vital capacity (FVC) in the detection of airway obstruction. We aimed to investigate the role of FEV6 in comparison with FVC in the evaluation of airway obstruction. METHODS: The ...
Ravimohan S M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary complications remain a leading cause of morbidity after major abdominal operations. OBJECTIVE: To compare pulmonary function and the frequency of pulmonary complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and open cholecystectomy (OC). METHODS: Fifty-five patients with symptomatic gallstone disease undergoing elective cholecystectomy (LC 40, OC 15) under general anesthesia were ...
Gharaee-Kermani M - - 2005
Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by lung inflammation and abnormal tissue repair, resulting in the replacement of normal functional tissue with an abnormal accumulation of fibroblasts and deposition of collagen in the lung. This process involves cellular interactions via a complex cytokine-signaling mechanism and heightened collagen gene expression, ultimately resulting in ...
Pirot Anayansi Lasso - - 2005
We report on a case of pulmonary capillaritis with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in a child due to propylthiouracil (PTU). PTU treatment is a rare cause of pulmonary capillaritis in adults; we report on the first case in a pediatric patient. The treatment of pulmonary capillaritis often requires corticosteroid therapy, other ...
Britton Deanna - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Muscle spasticity may adversely affect pulmonary function after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, there is limited information regarding the treatment of spasticity as a determinant of pulmonary function. This study presents the case of a man with C4 tetraplegia who had severe spasticity and difficulty weaning from ventilatory support. ...
Rosenberg Benjamin - - 2005
A 39-year-old woman with a 4-year history of paraparesis developed asymptomatic, ichthyosiform scale on her lower extremities. The lesions consisted of polygonal, pigmented, adherent scales, which were most prominent on the pretibial areas. A biopsy specimen showed granulomatous dermatitis in a patient with pulmonary and neurologic sarcoidosis. Ichthyosiform sarcoidosis is ...
Marten K - - 2004
A case of pulmonary sarcoidosis is presented characterized by multiple coalescent nodules and peripheral ground glass halos, which were fully reversible under repeat systemic glucocorticoid treatment. The differential diagnostic aspects of the pulmonary CT halo sign and its potential for indicating active reversible disease in patients with sarcoidosis is discussed.
Sahin Unal - - 2004
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare disease of unknown etiology characterized by accumulation of calcific concretions in the alveolar spaces. The paper reports a case of PAM in a 56-year-old male. The patient had persistent dry cough, and gradually progressive dyspnea on exertion. The diagnosis was established on the ...
Chung Myung Jin - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have an increased risk of pulmonary tuberculosis. However, detecting pulmonary tuberculosis may be difficult due to the underlying fibrosis. The aim of this report is to describe the radiological and clinical findings of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. MATERIALS AND ...
Kawashima M - - 2004
We examined the morphologic characteristics of pulmonary macrophages in 42 specimens of Odontoceti (Globicephala macrorhynchus, Grampus griseus, Tursiops truncatus, Stenella attenuata, Stenella coeruleoalba, Berardius bairdii), using light and electron microscopes as well as immunohistochemistry with SRA-E5. SRA-E5-positive alveolar macrophages and pulmonary interstitial macrophages contained graphitic soots, indicating the clearance of ...
Lee Augustine S - - 2004
Pulmonary capillaritis is defined as a histopathologic pattern of alveolar wall inflammation that leads to the disruption of the integrity of alveolar-capillary basement membranes and flooding of the alveoli with blood. The clinical presentation is that of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). Pulmonary capillaritis is usually the consequence of an underlying ...
Mura Marco - - 2004
Clearance of inhaled technetium-99m diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (99mTc-DTPA) is a potential indicator of disease activity and progression in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of 99mTc-DTPA scans in IPF. A total of 22 patients (18 males), aged 33 to 80 years with ...
Kattan Abdulhakeim K - - 2004
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is recently described as a rare cause of lung dysfunction and respiratory distress in term neonates. In several cases, a deficiency or insufficiency of surfactant protein B SP-B has been caused by a frame shift mutation in the gene encoding SP-B. Three siblings with congenital pulmonary alveolar ...
Hennebicque Anne-Sophie - - 2005
Severe thoracic sarcoidosis includes manifestations with significant clinical and functional impairment and a risk of mortality. Severe thoracic sarcoidosis can take on various clinical presentations and is associated with increased morbidity. The purpose of this article was to describe the CT findings in severe thoracic sarcoidosis and to explain some ...
Presneill Jeffrey J - - 2004
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) has been recognized for almost half a century. At least three separate pathophysiologic mechanisms may lead to the characteristic feature of PAP: the excessive accumulation of surfactant lipoprotein in pulmonary alveoli, with associated disturbance of pulmonary gas exchange. The prognosis for adult patients with PAP varies, ...
Phillips Roderick J - - 2004
Previous reports have identified a circulating pool of CD45(+) collagen I(+) CXCR4(+) (CD45(+)Col I(+)CXCR4(+)) cells, termed fibrocytes, that traffic to areas of fibrosis. No studies have demonstrated that these cells actually contribute to fibrosis, however. Pulmonary fibrosis was originally thought to be mediated solely by resident lung fibroblasts. Here we ...
Orito Kensuke - - 2004
The involvement of chymase has been implicated in fibrotic response to tissue injuries. Besides its direct action, chymase indirectly promotes fibrotic response by generating angiotensin (Ang) II from Ang I. In the present study, we examined whether chymase and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), that also generates Ang II, were activated ...
Cetindag Ibrahim Bulent - - 2004
Pulmonary function is affected by several variables. The more marginal the patient, the more important the preoperative and perioperative assessment becomes. VATS might be tolerated well with regard to pulmonary function in the early postoperative period. It has allowed thoracic surgeons to expand surgical indications to patients that previously would ...
Fitting Jean-William - - 2004
The transfer factor for carbon monoxide (TLCO) is widely used in pulmonary function laboratories because it represents a unique non-invasive window on pulmonary microcirculation. The TLCO is the product of two primary measurements, the alveolar volume (VA) and the CO transfer coefficient (KCO). This test is most informative when VA ...
Khoo K L - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Eosinophilic lung diseases are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders linked by the common finding of increased eosinophilia in blood and/or tissue. They usually present to the clinician as pulmonary infiltrates with eosinophilia for which the differential diagnoses is fairly broad. CLINICAL PICTURE: Three patients presented with subacute cough, ...
Ioachimescu O C - - 2004
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis is a rare cause of diffuse alveolar haemorrhage of unknown aetiology. It occurs most frequently in children, has a variable natural history with repetitive episodes of diffuse alveolar haemorrhage, and has been reported to have a high mortality. Many patients develop iron deficiency anaemia secondary to deposition ...
Kradin Richard L - - 2004
Bleomycin yields pulmonary injury characterized by inflammation that proceeds to fibrosis. The production of IL-10 by pulmonary macrophages is increased in the inflammation that accompanies bleomycin lung injury. In the present study, IL-10 deficient and wildtype mice received 0.075 units of bleomycin intratracheally at day 0 and were sacrificed at ...
de Jong Pim A - - 2004
PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare thin-section computed tomographic (CT) scores obtained with five scoring systems for assessment of pulmonary disease in children with cystic fibrosis and to determine additional value of bronchial and arterial dimension measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Scores obtained with five thin-section CT scoring systems were compared. A score ...
Hayashi Seiji - - 2004
To elucidate the biological significance of selectin for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, we titrated the serum soluble E-selectin. From 31 cases of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients without signs or symptoms of infection, the serum was obtained and the concentration was titrated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The serum soluble E-selectin titer was ...
Lee Hyun Kyung - - 2003
In 1932, Loffler described a syndrome of self-limiting, transient pulmonary infiltrates associated with peripheral blood eosinophilia and mild pulmonary symptoms. A number of conditions are related to pulmonary eosinophilia or pulmonary infiltration with eosinophilia. Especially, parasitic infestations are often related to pulmonary eosinophilia, but only two cases associated with Clonorchis ...
Deschamps F - - 2003
A cross-sectional study on suberosis was conducted in the Champagne-Ardenne County, France, to determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, the level of pulmonary function, and the presence of precipitins against Penicillium frequentans. Thirteen of the 33 workers exposed to cork dust had respiratory symptoms excluding hypersensitivity pneumonitis. The respiratory symptoms ...
Nielsen K G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary morbidity is still a relevant complication to major surgery despite improvements in surgical technique and anaesthetic methods. Postoperative posture may be a pathogenic factor, but the effects of changes in postoperative posture on pulmonary function have not been reviewed. METHODS: Review of controlled, clinical trials evaluating postoperative pulmonary ...
Kurup Ravi Kumar - - 2003
The isoprenoid pathway produces three key metabolites--endogenous digoxin, dolichol, and ubiquinone. This was assessed in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and in individuals of differing hemispheric dominance to find out the role of hemispheric dominance in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. All 15 cases of interstitial lung disease were ...
Raghu Ganesh - - 2003
Fibroblast foci are indicative of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and appear to be a cellular attempt to repair the damaged alveolus. Although this progressive, often fatal, clinical syndrome is thought to be dependent on alveolar injury of unknown origin, significant clinical and preclinical evidence points to gastric acid as a causative ...
Cui Tailin - - 2003
A large number of studies have demonstrated that the presence of eosinophils in the lungs of patients with pulmonary fibrosis correlates with poor prognosis or resistance to therapy. However, direct evidence of the relationship between the influx of eosinophil and pulmonary fibrosis has not yet been described experimentally. In this ...
Chen Xiao-Ling - - 2003
AIM: To observe the role of endogenous peroxynitrite (ONOO-) in pulmonary injury and fibrosis induced by bleomycin A5 (BLM-A5) in rats. METHODS: Pulmonary injury and fibrosis of rats were evaluated by testing the level of lipid peroxides (LPO) in out-going pulmonary blood (OPB), and by observing histological changes, including type ...
Miravitlles Marc - - 2003
A 39-year-old female patient, an ex-smoker with an 8-pack-year smoking history and severe pulmonary emphysema of early onset, received a diagnosis of alpha(1)-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency and proved to be a carrier of a new deficient variant, YBARCELONA, derived from the normal M1 variant with two substitutions: one in exon III ...
Latsi Panagiota I - - 2003
Survival is linked to the histopathologic distinction between usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP), the most commonly encountered fibrotic idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. We retrospectively compared the prognostic significance of histopathologic diagnoses, baseline pulmonary function indices, and serial trends in pulmonary function indices (diffusing capacity, FVC, FEV1, the ...
van Osch Matthias J P - - 2003
The measurement of the arterial input function by use of gradient echo sequences was investigated by in vitro and in vivo experiments. First, calibration curves representing the influence of the concentration of Gd-DTPA on both the phase and the amplitude of the MR signal were measured in human blood by ...
Collard Harold R - - 2003
There is significant heterogeneity in survival time among patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Studies of baseline clinical and physiologic variables as predictors of survival time have reported inconsistent results. We evaluated the predictive value of changes in clinical and physiologic variables over time for survival time in 81 patients with ...
White Barbara - - 2003
Pulmonary fibrosis occurs most patients who have scleroderma. It progresses to severe restrictive lung disease in about 15% of patients and remains a major cause of death in this disease. Risks for developing pulmonary fibrosis include diffuse cutaneous scleroderma and anti-Scl-70 antibodies, and risks for developing progressive pulmonary fibrosis and ...
Pamuk Gülsüm Emel - - 2003
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is the intra-alveolar accumulation of periodic-acid schiff (PAS) positive material. PAP is one of the underrecognized causes of pulmonary infiltrates in patients with hematologic malignancies. Here, we present a patient with acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) in first remission that developed fever and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates during ...
Zeka Ariana - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Among epidemiologic studies that found evidence for associations between exposures to metal working fluids (MWF) and pulmonary function impairments, one found effects restricted to workers with fixed obstruction at baseline. We reanalyzed a previously published study on MWF exposure and cross-shift pulmonary function to further evaluate this finding. METHODS: ...
Gerhardt Susan G - - 2003
Pulmonary eosinophilia is an uncommon problem in lung transplant recipients. We report the unique occurrence of two cases of pulmonary eosinophilia in pulmonary allografts for sarcoidosis. Both patients rapidly acquired bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) after resolution of pulmonary eosinophilia. It is known that peripheral eosinophilia is a marker for pulmonary ...
Collard Harold R - - 2003
Careful histopathological evaluation has shown the traditionally clinical diagnosis of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia to be more heterogeneous than once thought. Its subclassification, based on clinicopathological criteria, has important therapeutic and prognostic implications. The most important distinction is the presence of usual interstitial pneumonia, the histopathological pattern seen in idiopathic pulmonary ...
Card Jeffrey W - - 2003
Amiodarone (AM) is an efficacious antidysrhythmic agent that can cause numerous adverse effects, including potentially life-threatening pulmonary fibrosis. The current study was undertaken to investigate potential protective mechanisms of vitamin E against AM-induced pulmonary toxicity (AIPT) in the hamster. Three weeks after intratracheal administration of AM (1.83 micromol), increased pulmonary ...
Panchovska M - - 2003
The primary Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic inflamatory autoimmune disease of the exocrine glands with various glandular and extraglandular (systemic) manifestations. Changes in exocrine function of glands--including bronchial, should influence the frequency of pulmonary affecting, hence functional disorders as well. Examining some standard parameters of pulmonary function can often give ...
Strinić T - - 2002
A hypothesis on the existence of link between the changes in connective tissue in patients with genital descensus and impairments of their pulmonary function was made. In the sample of 40 patients, admitted to hospital for surgical correction of their genital descensus, their pulmonary ventilatory function was examined and compared ...
Schweigert Michael - - 2002
There have been reports in the literature of decrements in pulmonary function associated with long-term, low-level monomeric isocyanate exposure combined with solvent exposure. This cross-sectional study examines the relationship between these exposures and pulmonary function in an automobile paint and coating (finishes) plant. A job exposure matrix was developed for ...
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