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Blanc Gaelle - - 2007
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare inflammatory and fibrotic process in the retroperitoneal peri-aortic tissues, associated with ureters and other abdominal organs' entrapment. Here we report an original observation of a 55-year-old patient presenting with chronic lombalgia disclosing idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis. After one-year follow-up, treatment with corticosteroids led to a complete ...
Zisman David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reliable, noninvasive approaches to the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are needed. We tested the hypothesis that the forced vital capacity to diffusing capacity ratio and room air resting pulse oximetry may be combined to predict mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: ...
Derksen F J - - 2007
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) occurs in the majority of horses performing strenuous exercise. Associated pulmonary lesions include alveolar and airway wall fibrosis, which may enhance the severity of EIPH. Further work is required to understand the pulmonary response to blood in the equine airways. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Zisman David A - - 2007
Reliable, noninvasive approaches to the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are needed. We tested the hypothesis that chest CT-determined extent of pulmonary fibrosis and/or main pulmonary artery diameter (MPAD) can be used to identify the presence of PH in patients with advanced IPF. ...
Govender Praveen - - 2007
Pulmonary fibrosis arises as a consequence of aberrant remodeling and defective repair mechanisms within the lung. This destructive process is the cause of much of the morbidity and mortality in many pulmonary disorders. Unfortunately, therapeutic options are limited. A significant advancement in the management of patients with pulmonary fibrosis would ...
Uchida Kanji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased mortality from infection in patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis occurs in association with high levels of autoantibodies against granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). We tested the hypothesis that neutrophil functions are impaired in patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and that GM-CSF autoantibodies cause the dysfunction. METHODS: We studied 12 ...
Ghosh Tirthankar - - 2007
This study was undertaken to assess the pulmonary and respiratory problems of workers in a zarda factory. A total of 70 permanent zarda workers (50 manufacturing workers and 20 office ones) were studied in a factory in Baguihati, Kolkata, India. The study included (a) completion of a questionnaire (on pulmonary ...
Yamada Harutaka - - 2007
A 47-year-old woman with a severe cough and high-grade fever demonstrated proteinuria of 3.2 g/day. Chest radiograph and CT scan revealed scattered small nodules and ground-glass opacities with interlobular septal thickening in both lungs. The serum levels of surfactant A, surfactant D, and KL-6 were increased to 190 ng/ml (normal: ...
Takahashi Seiken - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: This clinical study examined the association between pulmonary function and thoracic cage deformities in scoliosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors in spinal and thoracic cage deformities that affect pulmonary function in scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pulmonary function in scoliosis has generally been evaluated in terms of lateral ...
Hamzaoui Kamel - - 2007
Pulmonary aneurysms and thrombosis constitute a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Behçet's disease (BD). Various factors have been studied to explore the pathogenesis of vascular involvement in BD. As endothelin (ET) is known for its potent vasoconstrictor and proinflammatory properties, we supposed that it is involved during the ...
Ahmed Mohammad Shakil - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary remodeling is a well recognized consequence of heart failure (HF). However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms orchestrating the structural alterations of the lungs in HF are poorly understood. We have previously reported induction of the profibrotic peptide connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in myocardial tissue of rats with ...
Herlitz Georg N - - 2006
We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with cystic fibrosis and rapidly declining pulmonary function tests who was found to have collapse of the left main bronchus from bronchomalacia. She underwent successful deployment of an expandable silicone stent in the collapsed bronchus, after which her pulmonary function test results ...
Suh Robert D - - 2006
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), also referred to as cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (CFA), is the clinical-radiological-pathological syndrome associated with the most common form of fibrosing interstitial pneumonia, usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Unfortunately, the diagnosis of IPF carries with it a relatively poor prognosis. The characteristic features on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), ...
Zhou Xian-Mei - - 2007
The currently accepted approaches to treatment of pulmonary fibrosis are based on the treatment of alveolitis and pulmonary fibrosis, however clinically available anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic agents are not often beneficial. Hu-qi-yin, one of the traditional Chinese herbal formulas, has been used for clinical therapy of pulmonary fibrosis in China. The ...
Garantziotis Stavros - - 2006
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive scarring disease of the pulmonary parenchyma, leading to respiratory failure and death. Several epidemiological and theoretical observations link the pathogenesis of this disease to environmental injury to the lungs. We discuss the theoretical framework of this hypothesis and we present data in support ...
Collard Harold R - - 2007
This survey describes the experiences of patients diagnosed with pulmonary fibrosis, focusing on the issues of patient education and resources. A survey of 52 defined-choice and open-ended questions regarding the diagnosis and management of pulmonary fibrosis was delivered. A total of 1448 respondents comprised the study group. Two-thirds of respondents ...
Massaro Donald - - 2006
In humans, age results in loss of pulmonary alveoli; menopause accelerates loss of diffusing capacity, an index of alveolar surface area; and disease (e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) results in loss of alveoli. Thus, an important goal for investigators is to generate knowledge that allows induction of pulmonary alveolar regeneration ...
Bolton Charlotte E - - 2007
Pulmonary rehabilitation can improve the functional capacity, but has a variable effect on the low fat-free mass (FFM) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Pulmonary rehabilitation would not affect catabolic drives such as systemic inflammation and also protein breakdown. Patients (n = 40) were studied at the start of ...
Smith Kelly J - - 2006
Here we present the unusual case of an adolescent with cystic fibrosis presenting with declining pulmonary function and diffuse micronodular pulmonary disease. This case illustrates the radiographic and pathologic findings associated with the intravenous injection and pulmonary arterial embolization of insoluble pharmaceutical-tablet constituents. The number of first-time users reporting nonmedical ...
Malek Moh H - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to use a meta-analytical technique to examine the efficacy of surgical repair of pectus excavatum on pulmonary function. Studies were retrieved via computerized literature searches, cross-referencing from original and review articles. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) reporting quantitative measures of preoperative and postoperative ...
Huh Jin Won - - 2006
The sequential changes of paraquat-induced pulmonary damage were studied using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in long-term follow-up. Among the cohort of 27 patients who had ingested paraquat, the HRCT findings showed a normal (n = 14) and an abnormal group (n = 13). Increased paraquat ...
Feekes Joel A - - 2006
The basal ganglia (BG) contain several functional compartments and multiple, parallel segregated circuits processing different cortical information through cortical-BG-thalamus-cortical loops. Three zones of corticostriatal input are present: sensorimotor, associative and limbic, which correspond to poor, intermediate and strong calbindin (CB) labelling, respectively. Other functional compartments, such as striosomes, extrastriosomal matrix ...
Vlachopoulos Charalambos - - 2006
Cocoa has been consumed for at least 2500 years, and for long time it has been regarded as a medicine. Arterial function is of paramount importance for the proper function and integrity of the cardiovascular system. Dark chocolate and flavonoid-rich cocoa have beneficial acute and short-term effects on endothelial function ...
Shahbaz Sheikh A - - 2006
Pulmonary eosinophilia responds very quickly to steroid treatment. Chronic pulmonary eosinophilia is common in middle aged females. We report on a patient who presented with subacute onset of shortness of breath, severe weight loss associated with a rise in the peripheral eosinophil count. She was treated successfully with steroids resulting ...
Kim Dong Soon - - 2006
In the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society consensus classification, idiopathic interstitial pneumonias are classified into seven clinicopathologic entities. The classification is largely based on histopathology, but depends on the close interaction of clinician, radiologist, and pathologist. An accurate diagnosis can be very difficult, especially when deciding between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis ...
Han Guang - - 2006
Pulmonary fibrosis is a common delayed side effect of radiation therapy, and it has a poor prognosis. Tgfb1 is a potent chemoattractant for fibroblasts and stimulates the production of collagen, the protein that contains hydroxyproline. Since collagen is by far the most abundant protein in the lung, comprising 60-70% of ...
Cantu Edward E Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2006
Recent years have brought dramatic progress in the field of xenotransplantation, with the development of transgenic swine and various other means of overcoming the rejection mediated by xenoreactive antibodies. Although progress has been rapid with kidney and heart xenografts, progress with pulmonary xenografts has lagged behind. Recent findings have suggested ...
Gaston Benjamin - - 2006
Genetic and biochemical data demonstrate a pivotal role for S-nitrosothiols (SNOs) in mediating the actions of nitric oxide synthases (NOSs). SNOs serve to convey NO bioactivity and to regulate protein function. This understanding is of immediate interest to the pulmonary clinical and research communities. This article reviews the following: (1) ...
Launay Franck - - 2006
A 7-year-old girl presented with seropositive polyarthritis, autoimmune thyroiditis, and pulmonary fibrosis. Several family members had complex autoimmune disorders and pulmonary fibrosis, and the pedigree was consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. The possible links between polyarthritis and familial pulmonary fibrosis are discussed, as well as the therapeutic challenges raised by ...
Katznelson Daniel - - 2006
The pulmonary microbiology is a dominant element in cystic fibrosis and the main cause of death. Contemporary consensus accords an exclusive role in this to a single microorganism, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The evidence convincingly shows that the microbiology consists of a multiplicity of species living in perpetual interaction and in a ...
Ohno Shoji - - 2005
We report two cases in whom inhaled corticosteroid rapidly improved pulmonary sarcoidosis. In the first case, fluticasone at 400 microg/day was initiated, because dry cough and small nodular shadows on chest X-ray persisted for six months. But her cough and the nodular shadows were persisted, therefore the treatment was replaced ...
Kalish Leslie A - - 2006
RATIONALE: Chronic infection with Burkholderia cepacia complex bacteria in cystic fibrosis is associated with accelerated decline in pulmonary function and increased mortality. Clinical implications of the recently characterized genomovar VI, B. dolosa, are unknown. OBJECTIVES: Characterization of impact of B. dolosa on pulmonary function and mortality in cystic fibrosis. METHODS: ...
Olfert S M - - 2005
The negative health effects of exposure to grain dust have previously been examined, but few studies have observed the effects on newly hired employees. Young grain workers are of interest because changes in pulmonary function may occur after a short duration of employment, and because older grain workers may represent ...
Wilsher M L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Increased production of nitric oxide (NO) by the lower respiratory tract is viewed as a marker of airway inflammation in asthma and bronchiectasis. NO is a potentially important immune modulator, inhibiting the release of several key pro-inflammatory cytokines. As sarcoidosis is characterised by granulomatous airway inflammation, we hypothesised that ...
Kleinheinz Johannes - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The delivery of an adequate amount of blood to the tissue capillaries for normal functioning of the organ is the primary purpose of the vascular system. Preserving the viability of the soft tissue segment depends on the soft tissue incision being properly designed in order to prevent impairment of ...
Hayashi Tomayoshi - - 2005
AIMS: To evaluate lung disease, pulmonary tissues should be fixed by inflation. However, many histological sections prepared after inflation fixation show wire-like alveolar septa with capillary collapse. We investigated the reason for this artefact. METHODS: To evaluate the effect of fixatives, we used the following commercially available solutions: regular 10% ...
Pacanowski Michael A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical aspects of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and the efficacy and safety of interferon gamma-1b (IFNgamma-1b) in its treatment. DATA SOURCES: Epidemiologic, preclinical, and clinical studies published in the English language were identified by a MEDLINE search (1966-January 2005) using the search terms idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, ...
Collins Christopher E - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Microscopic polyangiitis is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis that affects small vessels, resulting in a wide spectrum of organ involvement including the kidneys and the lungs. This paper reviews recent insights and observations into the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and treatment of pulmonary involvement in microscopic polyangiitis. RECENT FINDINGS: ...
Newton Peter O - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested a correlation between pulmonary impairment and thoracic spinal deformity. The curve magnitude, number of involved vertebrae, curve location, and decrease in thoracic kyphosis independently contribute to pulmonary impairment, but the strength of these associations has been variable. The objectives of this study were to test ...
Parra Edwin Roger - - 2005
Recently, several reports suggest differences in the vascularization of the various histopathologic patterns of parenchymal remodeling seen in usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). In this study, we sought to validate the importance of vascular remodeling in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and to examine the relationship between vascular remodeling and ...
Nuver Janine - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Use of bleomycin as a cytotoxic agent is limited by its pulmonary toxicity. Bleomycin is mainly excreted by the kidneys, but can also be inactivated by bleomycin hydrolase (BMH). An 1450A>G polymorphic site in the BMH gene results in an amino acid substitution in the C-terminal domain of the ...
Chen Y - - 2005
We examined the gender-related association between household exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and pulmonary function among 862 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years living in the town of Humboldt, Saskatchewan, in 1993. Pulmonary function tests included forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), ...
Hodgson Ulla - - 2005
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is the most common of the idiopathic interstitial lung diseases referring to the histo-pathological entity of usual interstitial pneumonia. It has been hypothesized that inflammation may trigger the multiformic fibrotic lesions found in the affected lung, and defects in the innate immune defense, including the complement, can ...
Procop G W - - 2005
We sought to determine if the BK and JC polyomaviruses were associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). We did not detect the BK or JC polyomaviruses in lung tissue extracts from 33 patients with IPF by using real-time PCR, which suggests that an etiologic association is unlikely.
Grubstein Ahuva - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Smoking can cause a variety of pulmonary interstitial diseases. Pulmonary fibrosis has traditionally been considered a non-smoking-related disease. Recently, however, evidence of smoking-induced fibrosis has emerged. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A group of eight patients from the pulmonary clinic in Rabin Medical Center with a combine presentation of fibrosis and ...
Birring S S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: Cough is a common symptom in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis that is difficult to treat and has a major impact on quality of life. We tested the hypothesis that the cough and increased cough reflex sensitivity seen in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis may be due to airway ...
Demir Tuncalp - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: There are recent reports regarding the use of forced expiratory volume in 6 s (FEV6) in place of forced expiratory vital capacity (FVC) in the detection of airway obstruction. We aimed to investigate the role of FEV6 in comparison with FVC in the evaluation of airway obstruction. METHODS: The ...
Ravimohan S M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary complications remain a leading cause of morbidity after major abdominal operations. OBJECTIVE: To compare pulmonary function and the frequency of pulmonary complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and open cholecystectomy (OC). METHODS: Fifty-five patients with symptomatic gallstone disease undergoing elective cholecystectomy (LC 40, OC 15) under general anesthesia were ...
Gharaee-Kermani M - - 2005
Pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by lung inflammation and abnormal tissue repair, resulting in the replacement of normal functional tissue with an abnormal accumulation of fibroblasts and deposition of collagen in the lung. This process involves cellular interactions via a complex cytokine-signaling mechanism and heightened collagen gene expression, ultimately resulting in ...
Pirot Anayansi Lasso - - 2005
We report on a case of pulmonary capillaritis with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage in a child due to propylthiouracil (PTU). PTU treatment is a rare cause of pulmonary capillaritis in adults; we report on the first case in a pediatric patient. The treatment of pulmonary capillaritis often requires corticosteroid therapy, other ...
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