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Strieter Robert M RM Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908-0466, USA. - - 2009
The understanding of the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis continues to evolve. The initial hypothetical model suggested chronic inflammation as the cause of pulmonary fibrosis, whereas a subsequent hypothesis posited epithelial injury and impaired wound repair as the etiology of fibrosis without preceding inflammation. Over the past decade, several concepts have ...
Ghanem Maha K - - 2009
A prediction formula for mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) using standard lung function measurement has been recently validated to screen for pulmonary hypertension (PH) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients. To test the usefulness of this formula as a new non invasive screening tool for PH in IPF patients. Also, ...
Flume Patrick A - - 2009
The natural history of cystic fibrosis lung disease is one of chronic progression with intermittent episodes of acute worsening of symptoms frequently called acute pulmonary exacerbations These exacerbations typically warrant medical intervention. It is important that appropriate therapies are recommended on the basis of available evidence of efficacy and safety. ...
Saggar Rajeev - - 2009
The available therapies and prognosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis remain relatively poor, and concurrent pulmonary hypertension further increases the risk of death and complications after lung transplantation. Limited data exist for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. We describe a case where intravenous treprostinil was used ...
Brown Morgan L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fibrosing mediastinitis is a rare disease characterized by an excessive fibrotic reaction in the mediastinum, which may entrap mediastinal structures including the pulmonary arteries. Our objectives were to assess the surgical strategies and outcomes of repair of pulmonary artery occlusion attributable to mediastinal fibrosis. METHODS: With approval from the ...
Selvin Elizabeth E Department of Epidemiology and Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2010
Medial vascular fibrosis contributes to arterial stiffening and reduced compliance, increasing the risk of cardiovascular events. We undertook the first comprehensive histopathologic study of medium-to-large caliber blood vessels (carotid, coronary, dorsalis pedis, internal mammary, iliac, mesenteric, pulmonary, and renal arteries) in 100 autopsy subjects to characterize medial fibrosis in relation ...
Tofovic Stevan P - - 2009
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common and life-threatening complication of pulmonary fibrosis. Estradiol (E2) is protective in experimental PH, and its non-estrogenic metabolite 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME) prevents the development and retards the progression of monocrotaline-induced PH in male and female rats. However, the effects of E2 and 2ME on pulmonary fibrosis ...
Tsushima K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A wide variety of systemic lesions have been seen in patients with autoimmune pancreatitis. The pulmonary involvement of autoimmune pancreatitis was analysed to clarify the clinicopathological features of pulmonary lesions in comparison with pulmonary sarcoidosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients had autoimmune pancreatitis and eight had pulmonary sarcoidosis. The ...
Li Hui - - 2009
Based on the common characteristic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and highly pathogenic avian influenza and the mechanism of inflammation and fibrosis, it is speculated that there should exist a fundamental pathological rule that severe acute lung injury (ALI)-induced rapid pulmonary fibrosis is caused by various etiological factors, such ...
Kotwica Tomasz - - 2009
Pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA) is an uncommon lesion, which may be associated with different etiologies including congenital cardiovascular diseases, systemic vasculitis, connective tissue diseases, infections, and trauma. Idiopathic PAA is sporadically diagnosed by exclusion of concomitant major pathology. We report a case of a 56-year-old female with an idiopathic pulmonary ...
Kim Sung Tae - - 2009
The major complication in dental implant surgery is loss of sensation due to damage to the inferior alveolar nerve resulting from poor characterization of the location of the mandibular canal and the traveling course of the inferior alveolar nerve, artery, and vein therein. The purposes of this study were to ...
Rysz M - - 2009
The anterior maxilla wall and alveolar process are covered by the arterial network. Procedures in this region can cause heavy bleeding. Knowledge of the anatomical course of a particular artery is essential for performing surgery in this area. The aim of this study was to search for and then analyse ...
Chung Jonathan H - - 2009
We analyzed the computed tomography and clinical findings of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis secondary to hematologic malignancy. Seven patients with hematologic malignancy and pathologically proven secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis were identified from 2000 to 2007. Six had chest computed tomography scans, which were analyzed retrospectively; medical records were also reviewed. Patient ...
Nair Girija - - 2009
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is essentially a benign disease. We present a case of 65-year-old female patient who presented with left-sided chest pain and breathlessness. Her CT thorax revealed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis along with a left-sided pleural-based mass. Biopsy of the mass revealed a squamous cell carcinoma. She was exposed to ...
Overbeek M J - - 2009
Systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SScPAH) has a worse prognosis and response to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) therapy than idiopathic PAH (IPAH). These differences have not yet been explained. Knowledge concerning histological pulmonary vasculopathy in SScPAH is limited in contrast to IPAH. Therefore, we explored patterns of vasculopathy in SScPAH ...
Quan Li - - 2009
Pulmonary surfactant-associated proteins A and D (SP-A and -D) are tissue-specific components. Previous studies showed an increase in the postmortem serum SP-A level due to acute pulmonary alveolar damage and acute respiratory distress. The present study comparatively investigated serum SP-A and SP-D levels with regard to the cause of death ...
Oikonomou N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite intense research efforts, the aetiology and pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis remain poorly understood. Gelsolin, an actin-binding protein that modulates cytoskeletal dynamics, was recently highlighted as a likely disease modifier through comparative expression profiling and target prioritisation. METHODS: To decipher the possible role of gelsolin in pulmonary inflammation ...
Wilson M S - - 2009
Pulmonary fibrosis and architectural remodeling of tissues can severely disrupt lung function, often with fatal consequences. The etiology of pulmonary fibrotic diseases is varied, with an array of triggers including allergens, chemicals, radiation and environmental particles. However, the cause of one of the most common pulmonary fibrotic conditions, idiopathic pulmonary ...
Yamashita Masahiro - - 2009
In pulmonary fibrosis, an abnormal healing process, is believed to be involved in the damage to lung tissue. This process has not been correlated with lymphangiogenesis, which has garnered current interest in relation to wound healing. The aim of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of lymphangiogenesis in ...
Nair Girija
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is essentially a benign disease. We present a case of 65-year-old female patient who presented with left-sided chest pain and breathlessness. Her CT thorax revealed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis along with a left-sided pleural-based mass. Biopsy of the mass revealed a squamous cell carcinoma. She was exposed to ...
Noll Donald R - - 2009
The use of manipulation has long been advocated in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but few randomized controlled clinical trials have measured the effect of manipulation on pulmonary function. In addition, the effects of individual manipulative techniques on the pulmonary system are poorly understood. Therefore, the purpose ...
Cavaco Raquel A - - 2009
Pulmonary vein thrombosis represents a potentially fatal disease. This syndrome may clinically mimic pulmonary embolism but has a different investigation strategy and prognosis. Pulmonary vein thrombosis is difficult to diagnose clinically and usually requires a combination of conventionally used diagnostic modalities. The authors report a case of a 78-year-old previously ...
Olmez Duygu - - 2009
To evaluate demographic features, preoperative pulmonary function tests and echocardiographic examinations of 113 children with scoliosis and to determine the associations between preoperative investigations and postoperative complications. Medical records, preoperative pulmonary function tests and echocardiographic examinations of 113 children with scoliosis who were operated between January 2004 and 2006 were ...
Hardy R Doug - - 2009
[This corrects the article on p. e7562 in vol. 4.].
Glavas Duska - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus diving reduces cardiovascular function and increases pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) up to 3 days after a single dive. Acute antioxidants partially attenuated arterial endothelial dysfunction, whereas cardiac and PA functions were unaffected. We tested the hypothesis that acute tetrahydobiopterin (BH(4)), as a cofactor of endothelial ...
Devaraj Anand - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine whether pulmonary artery (PA) dilatation is a reliable indicator of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with pulmonary fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study had institutional review board approval. Patient consent was not required. Seventy-seven patients (39 men, 38 women) who underwent right heart catheterization were studied. The ...
Valeyre D D Université Paris Nord, EA2364 and Assistance publique-hôpitaux de Paris, Avicenne hospital, Pulmonary Department. - - 2008
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic immune disorder of unknown cause characterized by the formation of epithelioid granuloma in involved organs particularly the lung and the lymphatic system. Consistent recent advances have been made on the clinical, therapeutical and pathogenetic aspects. Various clinical phenotypes are better characterized and efforts to grade the ...
Wells A U - - 2008
The indolent progression of lung disease in SSc has caused great difficulty in therapeutic studies as outcome measures need to be sensitive. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has been more widely studied and can usefully be extrapolated to SSc, but is more rapidly progressive. In IPF, forced vital capacity (FVC) trends ...
Antoniu Sabina A - - 2008
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rapidly lethal disease characterized by anarchic, progressive fibrosis. Pulmonary fibrosis is the result of interactions between many effector cells and cytokines and better understanding of this can help with identification of novel therapeutic targets. To evaluate the role of the endothelin-1 (ET-1) pathway in ...
Ichihara Atsuhiro - - 2008
Patients with kidney failure treated with hemodialysis have a high incidence of cardiovascular diseases caused by accelerated arteriosclerosis. However, accurate evaluation of the extent of arteriosclerosis is difficult. This study sought to compare the strength of predictions of arterial fibrosis by using a new parameter, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), ...
Fujita Masaki - - 2008
Oxidative stress plays a critical role in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. However, the effects of treatment with anti-oxidant agents against pulmonary fibrosis have not yet been thoroughly investigated. In this study, the effect of MCI-186, a novel free radical scavenger, on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis was investigated. Bleomycin (0.05units/mouse) was ...
Knyazhitskiy Alexey - - 2008
Macrolide antibiotics have been shown to have a beneficial effect in a number of pulmonary conditions that are characterized by inflammation, including cystic fibrosis, asthma, and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. We report the first case of desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) showing a favorable response to treatment with clarithromycin. If confirmed, this ...
Cassel Suzanne L SL Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2008
Inhalation of crystalline silica and asbestos is known to cause the progressive pulmonary fibrotic disorders silicosis and asbestosis, respectively. Although alveolar macrophages are believed to initiate these inflammatory responses, the mechanism by which this occurs has been unclear. Here we show that the inflammatory response and subsequent development of pulmonary ...
Frazier Aletta Ann - - 2008
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) may develop in a primary (idiopathic) form, chiefly during middle age, or less commonly in the setting of inhalational exposure, hematologic malignancy, or immunodeficiency. Current research supports the theory that PAP is the result of pathophysiologic mechanisms that impair pulmonary surfactant homeostasis and lung immune function. ...
Hamilton-Craig C R - - 2009
We describe a series of cases referred to our institution with working diagnoses of chronic thrombo-embolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) for consideration of surgical pulmonary thrombo-endarterectomy (PTE). Investigations in two cases revealed extrinsic compression of the pulmonary arteries from massive mediastinal lymphadenopathy (mediastinal fibrosis) due to underlying sarcoidosis. Angioplasty and stenting ...
Padmavathy K M - - 2008
This study was intended to compare pulmonary function parameters in beedi smokers, cigarette smokers and subjects who smoked both beedi and cigarette on the basis of the dynamic ventilatory pulmonary function tests. The pulmonary function tests were done on 188 subjects which included, 48 beedi smokers, 48 cigarette smokers, 43 ...
Allen T K - - 2008
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare condition associated with diffuse alveolar haemorrhage and pulmonary fibrosis. We describe the anaesthetic management of a parturient with a history of posterior spinal fusion presenting with an acute exacerbation of IPH necessitating vaginal delivery at 34 weeks gestation. We used a spinal catheter ...
Overbeek M J - - 2008
Since systemic sclerosis (SSc) also involves the heart, the aim of the present study was to evaluate possible differences in right ventricular (RV) pump function between SSc-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH; SScPAH) and idiopathic PAH (IPAH). In 13 limited cutaneous SScPAH and 17 IPAH patients, RV pump function was described ...
Zisman David A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have developed a method to screen for pulmonary hypertension (PH) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients, based on a formula to predict mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) from standard lung function measurements. The objective of this study was to validate this method in a separate group of IPF ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese individuals may have impaired alveolar-membrane diffusing capacity (DmCO). The purpose of this study was to measure pulmonary diffusing capacity for NO (DLNO) as an index of DmCO pre- and postbariatric surgery in the morbidly obese. METHODS: Twenty-one patients [age = 40 +/- 9 years, body mass index ...
Medarov Boris I - - 2008
Pulmonary function has circadian modulations. Variations in human pulmonary function during the daytime hours (diurnal variations) remain to be well characterized. Discerning these variations will contribute to better understanding the relationship between biorhythms and lung physiology and to improving clinical management of pulmonary diseases. The aim of this study was ...
Douros Konstantinos - - 2008
The aim of our study is to evaluate the association between CFTR gene mutations with asthma and pulmonary function abnormalities. For this purpose, 214 mutation carriers were compared to 185 non-carriers. Although the relative risk of asthma did not differ between groups (OR=0.61, 95% CI: 0.23-1.61, p=0.32), the values of ...
Häussler Achim A Division of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery, University and Children Hospital Zürich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH-8032 Zurich, - - 2008
A ventricular septum defect (VSD) is a common defect in congenital surgery, either isolated or associated with other malformations. Most of the defects are located around the membranous septum and hence are called 'perimembranous'. The less damaging approach to close them is certainly through an incision in the right atrium. ...
Riihimäki M - - 2008
The aim of this study was to assess clinical signs and altered pulmonary cell expression of cytokines related to eosinophil kinetics in horses with pulmonary eosinophilia. Pulmonary eosinophilia was detected by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in a group of standardbreds in training. Horses had detailed clinical examination, bronchoscopy, endobronchial biopsy and ...
Ouchi Hiroshi - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) expression plays a critical role in extracellular matrix deposition. Although several pieces of evidence have so far indicated that gelatinase contributes to the development of pulmonary fibrosis, the role of collagenase remains uncertain. In this study, we attempted to determine the role of collagenase using a bleomycin-induced ...
Luzina Irina G - - 2008
Infiltration of T lymphocytes in the lungs is common in patients with and in animal models of pulmonary fibrosis. The role of these cells in regulating the accumulation of extracellular matrix, particularly collagen, is not understood completely. Research literature provides evidence for a profibrotic, an antifibrotic, or no significant role ...
Vijayan Vannan Kandi - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is predominantly seen in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is being increasingly reported from other parts of world, however, due to increases in global travel and migration. This review focuses attention on recent developments. RECENT FINDINGS: Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is ...
Mitra Nilesh K - - 2007
Bilateral absence of the arcuate artery was observed during routine dissection of the lower limbs of a 60-year-old male cadaver. Running distally on the dorsal aspect of both feet and opposite the tarso-metatarsal joint, the dorsalis pedis artery diverged 2cm lateral to the tendon of the extensor hallucis longus. The ...
Blanc Gaelle - - 2007
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare inflammatory and fibrotic process in the retroperitoneal peri-aortic tissues, associated with ureters and other abdominal organs' entrapment. Here we report an original observation of a 55-year-old patient presenting with chronic lombalgia disclosing idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis. After one-year follow-up, treatment with corticosteroids led to a complete ...
Zisman David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reliable, noninvasive approaches to the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are needed. We tested the hypothesis that the forced vital capacity to diffusing capacity ratio and room air resting pulse oximetry may be combined to predict mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: ...
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