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Chung Jonathan H - - 2009
We analyzed the computed tomography and clinical findings of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis secondary to hematologic malignancy. Seven patients with hematologic malignancy and pathologically proven secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis were identified from 2000 to 2007. Six had chest computed tomography scans, which were analyzed retrospectively; medical records were also reviewed. Patient ...
Nair Girija - - 2009
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is essentially a benign disease. We present a case of 65-year-old female patient who presented with left-sided chest pain and breathlessness. Her CT thorax revealed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis along with a left-sided pleural-based mass. Biopsy of the mass revealed a squamous cell carcinoma. She was exposed to ...
Overbeek M J - - 2009
Systemic sclerosis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (SScPAH) has a worse prognosis and response to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) therapy than idiopathic PAH (IPAH). These differences have not yet been explained. Knowledge concerning histological pulmonary vasculopathy in SScPAH is limited in contrast to IPAH. Therefore, we explored patterns of vasculopathy in SScPAH ...
Quan Li - - 2009
Pulmonary surfactant-associated proteins A and D (SP-A and -D) are tissue-specific components. Previous studies showed an increase in the postmortem serum SP-A level due to acute pulmonary alveolar damage and acute respiratory distress. The present study comparatively investigated serum SP-A and SP-D levels with regard to the cause of death ...
Oikonomou N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Despite intense research efforts, the aetiology and pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis remain poorly understood. Gelsolin, an actin-binding protein that modulates cytoskeletal dynamics, was recently highlighted as a likely disease modifier through comparative expression profiling and target prioritisation. METHODS: To decipher the possible role of gelsolin in pulmonary inflammation ...
Wilson M S - - 2009
Pulmonary fibrosis and architectural remodeling of tissues can severely disrupt lung function, often with fatal consequences. The etiology of pulmonary fibrotic diseases is varied, with an array of triggers including allergens, chemicals, radiation and environmental particles. However, the cause of one of the most common pulmonary fibrotic conditions, idiopathic pulmonary ...
Yamashita Masahiro - - 2009
In pulmonary fibrosis, an abnormal healing process, is believed to be involved in the damage to lung tissue. This process has not been correlated with lymphangiogenesis, which has garnered current interest in relation to wound healing. The aim of the present study was to clarify the characteristics of lymphangiogenesis in ...
Nair Girija
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is essentially a benign disease. We present a case of 65-year-old female patient who presented with left-sided chest pain and breathlessness. Her CT thorax revealed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis along with a left-sided pleural-based mass. Biopsy of the mass revealed a squamous cell carcinoma. She was exposed to ...
Noll Donald R - - 2009
The use of manipulation has long been advocated in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but few randomized controlled clinical trials have measured the effect of manipulation on pulmonary function. In addition, the effects of individual manipulative techniques on the pulmonary system are poorly understood. Therefore, the purpose ...
Cavaco Raquel A - - 2009
Pulmonary vein thrombosis represents a potentially fatal disease. This syndrome may clinically mimic pulmonary embolism but has a different investigation strategy and prognosis. Pulmonary vein thrombosis is difficult to diagnose clinically and usually requires a combination of conventionally used diagnostic modalities. The authors report a case of a 78-year-old previously ...
Olmez Duygu - - 2009
To evaluate demographic features, preoperative pulmonary function tests and echocardiographic examinations of 113 children with scoliosis and to determine the associations between preoperative investigations and postoperative complications. Medical records, preoperative pulmonary function tests and echocardiographic examinations of 113 children with scoliosis who were operated between January 2004 and 2006 were ...
Hardy R Doug - - 2009
[This corrects the article on p. e7562 in vol. 4.].
Glavas Duska - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus diving reduces cardiovascular function and increases pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) up to 3 days after a single dive. Acute antioxidants partially attenuated arterial endothelial dysfunction, whereas cardiac and PA functions were unaffected. We tested the hypothesis that acute tetrahydobiopterin (BH(4)), as a cofactor of endothelial ...
Devaraj Anand - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine whether pulmonary artery (PA) dilatation is a reliable indicator of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with pulmonary fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study had institutional review board approval. Patient consent was not required. Seventy-seven patients (39 men, 38 women) who underwent right heart catheterization were studied. The ...
Valeyre D D Université Paris Nord, EA2364 and Assistance publique-hôpitaux de Paris, Avicenne hospital, Pulmonary Department. - - 2008
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic immune disorder of unknown cause characterized by the formation of epithelioid granuloma in involved organs particularly the lung and the lymphatic system. Consistent recent advances have been made on the clinical, therapeutical and pathogenetic aspects. Various clinical phenotypes are better characterized and efforts to grade the ...
Wells A U - - 2008
The indolent progression of lung disease in SSc has caused great difficulty in therapeutic studies as outcome measures need to be sensitive. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has been more widely studied and can usefully be extrapolated to SSc, but is more rapidly progressive. In IPF, forced vital capacity (FVC) trends ...
Antoniu Sabina A - - 2008
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rapidly lethal disease characterized by anarchic, progressive fibrosis. Pulmonary fibrosis is the result of interactions between many effector cells and cytokines and better understanding of this can help with identification of novel therapeutic targets. To evaluate the role of the endothelin-1 (ET-1) pathway in ...
Ichihara Atsuhiro - - 2008
Patients with kidney failure treated with hemodialysis have a high incidence of cardiovascular diseases caused by accelerated arteriosclerosis. However, accurate evaluation of the extent of arteriosclerosis is difficult. This study sought to compare the strength of predictions of arterial fibrosis by using a new parameter, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), ...
Fujita Masaki - - 2008
Oxidative stress plays a critical role in the development of pulmonary fibrosis. However, the effects of treatment with anti-oxidant agents against pulmonary fibrosis have not yet been thoroughly investigated. In this study, the effect of MCI-186, a novel free radical scavenger, on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis was investigated. Bleomycin (0.05units/mouse) was ...
Knyazhitskiy Alexey - - 2008
Macrolide antibiotics have been shown to have a beneficial effect in a number of pulmonary conditions that are characterized by inflammation, including cystic fibrosis, asthma, and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. We report the first case of desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) showing a favorable response to treatment with clarithromycin. If confirmed, this ...
Cassel Suzanne L SL Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, - - 2008
Inhalation of crystalline silica and asbestos is known to cause the progressive pulmonary fibrotic disorders silicosis and asbestosis, respectively. Although alveolar macrophages are believed to initiate these inflammatory responses, the mechanism by which this occurs has been unclear. Here we show that the inflammatory response and subsequent development of pulmonary ...
Frazier Aletta Ann - - 2008
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) may develop in a primary (idiopathic) form, chiefly during middle age, or less commonly in the setting of inhalational exposure, hematologic malignancy, or immunodeficiency. Current research supports the theory that PAP is the result of pathophysiologic mechanisms that impair pulmonary surfactant homeostasis and lung immune function. ...
Hamilton-Craig C R - - 2009
We describe a series of cases referred to our institution with working diagnoses of chronic thrombo-embolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) for consideration of surgical pulmonary thrombo-endarterectomy (PTE). Investigations in two cases revealed extrinsic compression of the pulmonary arteries from massive mediastinal lymphadenopathy (mediastinal fibrosis) due to underlying sarcoidosis. Angioplasty and stenting ...
Padmavathy K M - - 2008
This study was intended to compare pulmonary function parameters in beedi smokers, cigarette smokers and subjects who smoked both beedi and cigarette on the basis of the dynamic ventilatory pulmonary function tests. The pulmonary function tests were done on 188 subjects which included, 48 beedi smokers, 48 cigarette smokers, 43 ...
Allen T K - - 2008
Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare condition associated with diffuse alveolar haemorrhage and pulmonary fibrosis. We describe the anaesthetic management of a parturient with a history of posterior spinal fusion presenting with an acute exacerbation of IPH necessitating vaginal delivery at 34 weeks gestation. We used a spinal catheter ...
Overbeek M J - - 2008
Since systemic sclerosis (SSc) also involves the heart, the aim of the present study was to evaluate possible differences in right ventricular (RV) pump function between SSc-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH; SScPAH) and idiopathic PAH (IPAH). In 13 limited cutaneous SScPAH and 17 IPAH patients, RV pump function was described ...
Zisman David A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have developed a method to screen for pulmonary hypertension (PH) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients, based on a formula to predict mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) from standard lung function measurements. The objective of this study was to validate this method in a separate group of IPF ...
Zavorsky Gerald S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obese individuals may have impaired alveolar-membrane diffusing capacity (DmCO). The purpose of this study was to measure pulmonary diffusing capacity for NO (DLNO) as an index of DmCO pre- and postbariatric surgery in the morbidly obese. METHODS: Twenty-one patients [age = 40 +/- 9 years, body mass index ...
Medarov Boris I - - 2008
Pulmonary function has circadian modulations. Variations in human pulmonary function during the daytime hours (diurnal variations) remain to be well characterized. Discerning these variations will contribute to better understanding the relationship between biorhythms and lung physiology and to improving clinical management of pulmonary diseases. The aim of this study was ...
Douros Konstantinos - - 2008
The aim of our study is to evaluate the association between CFTR gene mutations with asthma and pulmonary function abnormalities. For this purpose, 214 mutation carriers were compared to 185 non-carriers. Although the relative risk of asthma did not differ between groups (OR=0.61, 95% CI: 0.23-1.61, p=0.32), the values of ...
Häussler Achim A Division of Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery, University and Children Hospital Zürich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, CH-8032 Zurich, - - 2008
A ventricular septum defect (VSD) is a common defect in congenital surgery, either isolated or associated with other malformations. Most of the defects are located around the membranous septum and hence are called 'perimembranous'. The less damaging approach to close them is certainly through an incision in the right atrium. ...
Riihimäki M - - 2008
The aim of this study was to assess clinical signs and altered pulmonary cell expression of cytokines related to eosinophil kinetics in horses with pulmonary eosinophilia. Pulmonary eosinophilia was detected by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in a group of standardbreds in training. Horses had detailed clinical examination, bronchoscopy, endobronchial biopsy and ...
Ouchi Hiroshi - - 2008
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) expression plays a critical role in extracellular matrix deposition. Although several pieces of evidence have so far indicated that gelatinase contributes to the development of pulmonary fibrosis, the role of collagenase remains uncertain. In this study, we attempted to determine the role of collagenase using a bleomycin-induced ...
Luzina Irina G - - 2008
Infiltration of T lymphocytes in the lungs is common in patients with and in animal models of pulmonary fibrosis. The role of these cells in regulating the accumulation of extracellular matrix, particularly collagen, is not understood completely. Research literature provides evidence for a profibrotic, an antifibrotic, or no significant role ...
Vijayan Vannan Kandi - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is predominantly seen in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is being increasingly reported from other parts of world, however, due to increases in global travel and migration. This review focuses attention on recent developments. RECENT FINDINGS: Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia is ...
Mitra Nilesh K - - 2007
Bilateral absence of the arcuate artery was observed during routine dissection of the lower limbs of a 60-year-old male cadaver. Running distally on the dorsal aspect of both feet and opposite the tarso-metatarsal joint, the dorsalis pedis artery diverged 2cm lateral to the tendon of the extensor hallucis longus. The ...
Blanc Gaelle - - 2007
Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare inflammatory and fibrotic process in the retroperitoneal peri-aortic tissues, associated with ureters and other abdominal organs' entrapment. Here we report an original observation of a 55-year-old patient presenting with chronic lombalgia disclosing idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis. After one-year follow-up, treatment with corticosteroids led to a complete ...
Zisman David A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Reliable, noninvasive approaches to the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are needed. We tested the hypothesis that the forced vital capacity to diffusing capacity ratio and room air resting pulse oximetry may be combined to predict mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: ...
Derksen F J - - 2007
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Exercise-induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) occurs in the majority of horses performing strenuous exercise. Associated pulmonary lesions include alveolar and airway wall fibrosis, which may enhance the severity of EIPH. Further work is required to understand the pulmonary response to blood in the equine airways. OBJECTIVES: To ...
Zisman David A - - 2007
Reliable, noninvasive approaches to the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are needed. We tested the hypothesis that chest CT-determined extent of pulmonary fibrosis and/or main pulmonary artery diameter (MPAD) can be used to identify the presence of PH in patients with advanced IPF. ...
Govender Praveen - - 2007
Pulmonary fibrosis arises as a consequence of aberrant remodeling and defective repair mechanisms within the lung. This destructive process is the cause of much of the morbidity and mortality in many pulmonary disorders. Unfortunately, therapeutic options are limited. A significant advancement in the management of patients with pulmonary fibrosis would ...
Uchida Kanji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Increased mortality from infection in patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis occurs in association with high levels of autoantibodies against granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). We tested the hypothesis that neutrophil functions are impaired in patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and that GM-CSF autoantibodies cause the dysfunction. METHODS: We studied 12 ...
Ghosh Tirthankar - - 2007
This study was undertaken to assess the pulmonary and respiratory problems of workers in a zarda factory. A total of 70 permanent zarda workers (50 manufacturing workers and 20 office ones) were studied in a factory in Baguihati, Kolkata, India. The study included (a) completion of a questionnaire (on pulmonary ...
Yamada Harutaka - - 2007
A 47-year-old woman with a severe cough and high-grade fever demonstrated proteinuria of 3.2 g/day. Chest radiograph and CT scan revealed scattered small nodules and ground-glass opacities with interlobular septal thickening in both lungs. The serum levels of surfactant A, surfactant D, and KL-6 were increased to 190 ng/ml (normal: ...
Takahashi Seiken - - 2007
STUDY DESIGN: This clinical study examined the association between pulmonary function and thoracic cage deformities in scoliosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors in spinal and thoracic cage deformities that affect pulmonary function in scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pulmonary function in scoliosis has generally been evaluated in terms of lateral ...
Hamzaoui Kamel - - 2007
Pulmonary aneurysms and thrombosis constitute a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in Behçet's disease (BD). Various factors have been studied to explore the pathogenesis of vascular involvement in BD. As endothelin (ET) is known for its potent vasoconstrictor and proinflammatory properties, we supposed that it is involved during the ...
Ahmed Mohammad Shakil - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary remodeling is a well recognized consequence of heart failure (HF). However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms orchestrating the structural alterations of the lungs in HF are poorly understood. We have previously reported induction of the profibrotic peptide connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in myocardial tissue of rats with ...
Herlitz Georg N - - 2006
We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with cystic fibrosis and rapidly declining pulmonary function tests who was found to have collapse of the left main bronchus from bronchomalacia. She underwent successful deployment of an expandable silicone stent in the collapsed bronchus, after which her pulmonary function test results ...
Suh Robert D - - 2006
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), also referred to as cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (CFA), is the clinical-radiological-pathological syndrome associated with the most common form of fibrosing interstitial pneumonia, usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Unfortunately, the diagnosis of IPF carries with it a relatively poor prognosis. The characteristic features on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), ...
Zhou Xian-Mei - - 2007
The currently accepted approaches to treatment of pulmonary fibrosis are based on the treatment of alveolitis and pulmonary fibrosis, however clinically available anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic agents are not often beneficial. Hu-qi-yin, one of the traditional Chinese herbal formulas, has been used for clinical therapy of pulmonary fibrosis in China. The ...
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