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Selvarasu N K C - - 2014
The incidence of stent late restenosis is high (Zwart et al., 2010, "Coronary Stent Thrombosis in the Current Era: Challenges and Opportunities for Treatment," Curr. Treat. Options Cardiovasc. Med., 12(1), pp. 46-57) despite the extensive use of stents, and is most prevalent at the proximal and distal ends of the ...
Jones L L Dermatology, Phlebology and Fluid Mechanics Research Laboratory, St. Vincent's Centre for Applied Medical Research (AMR), St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, - - 2014
Ultrasound guided sclerotherapy may be complicated by intra-arterial injections resulting in significant tissue necrosis. Here, we present a 69-year-old man with a history of right small saphenous vein "stripping", presenting for the treatment of symptomatic lower limb varicose veins. Duplex ultrasound of the right lower limb outlined the pathway of ...
Nicholson Christopher C Cardiac and Respiratory Service, Minerva Centre, Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
The pulse is a significant indicator of health and can provide valuable information to help make an accurate diagnosis. All nurses should be competent in taking and interpreting the pulse, and developing their expertise in this vital sign. Arterial pulses can be examined at various sites, and this article focuses ...
Ohira Suguru S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
We describe a rare complication after the resection of the left atrial (LA) myxoma. After tumor resection, a large defect of the endocardium was reinforced with an autologous pericardial patch. Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated a hematoma and pulsatile flow beneath the patch, without patch perforation or detachment. Bleeding increased after closure ...
Katsuda Shin-Ichiro SI Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, - - 2014
We investigated local pulse wave velocity (LPWV) in different aortic segments with respect to the rheological properties of the aorta with age-related progression of atherosclerosis in Kurosawa and Kusanagi-hypercholesterolemic (KHC) rabbits. Normal and KHC rabbits aged 10-12, 22-24 and 34-36 months were anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium (30 mg kg(-1), intravenous). Pulse waves ...
Mukherjee Chirojit C Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Medicine, Heart Center, University of Leipzig, Struempellstrasse 39, 04289, Leipzig, Germany, - - 2014
Circumflex artery occlusion is an unusual but grave complication that can be intra-operatively challenging to identify. Various modalities of imaging are possible during transfemoral aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Fluoroscopy and/or trans-esophageal echocardiography maybe used for assessment during and after TAVR. Imaging dilemma can cause delay or alter diagnosis. We report ...
Khadir Mohammed M MM Cardiothoracic Imaging Section, Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA, - - 2014
Pulmonary arteries are not just affected by thrombus. Congenital and acquired conditions can also involve the pulmonary arteries. An awareness of these conditions is important for the radiologist interpreting chest computed tomography (CT). The anatomy of the pulmonary arteries was reviewed. CT and magnetic resonance (MR) acquisition protocols for imaging ...
Yang Hun-Mu HM Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, - - 2014
The medial zygomaticotemporal vein (MZTV), clinically known as sentinel vein, has been observed in the vicinity of the temporal branch of the facial nerve during endoscopic procedures aiming to lift the upper face. The aim of the present study was to describe the topography of the MZTV with reference to ...
De Caro Francesco F Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory, Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, University of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
A 65-year-old man presented at our institution with anterior wall reinfarction, due to very late stent thrombosis, 4 years after primary angioplasty on the first bifurcation of the left anterior descending artery. Using intravascular optical coherence tomography, we identified stent malapposition in the proximal left anterior descending artery, occurring during ...
Demchenko Ivan T IT Duke University Medical - - 2014
Unexplained adjustments in baroreflex sensitivity occur in conjunction with exposures to potentially toxic levels of hyperbaric oxygen. To investigate this, we monitored CNS, autonomic and cardiovascular responses in conscious and anesthetized rats exposed to hyperbaric oxygen at 5 and 6 ATA, respectively. We observed two contrasting phases associated with time-dependent ...
D'Amico Gianpiero G Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua Medical School, Padua, Italy *Gianpiero D'Amico and Marco Mojoli contributed equally to the writing of this - - 2014
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) represents the gold standard technique to detect left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombosis. Several conditions may be erroneously interpreted as LAA thrombus at TEE, including artifacts mimicking thrombi. We report a case of a 78-year-old man with atrial fibrillation and contraindication to anticoagulation who was referred to our ...
Kalfa David D Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York, Columbia University, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe a technique of coronary sinus plasty used to treat an infant with compression of the left pulmonary vein between the descending aorta and a dilated coronary sinus related to a persistent vena cava. The left lower pulmonary vein stenosis was relieved by repositioning the floor of the coronary ...
Yano Tomoyuki T Tokyo, Japan From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Unit of Clinical Anatomy, Tokyo Medical and Dental - - 2014
Finding appropriate recipient veins for free flap reconstruction in the adjacent temporal region is sometimes difficult when performing skull base or craniofacial reconstruction because there is a limited number of recipient veins in the temporal region compared with the neck. The authors used cadaver dissection to evaluate the viability of ...
Bruno R M RM Institute of Clinical Physiology - CNR, Pisa, Italy; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Residents of the Himalayan valleys uniquely adapted to their hypoxic environment in terms of pulmonary vasculature, but their systemic vascular function is still largely unexplored. The aim of the study was to investigate vascular function and structure in rural Sherpa population, permanently living at high altitude in Nepal (HA), in ...
Chowdhury Mohammed M MM Cambridge Vascular Unit, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK, - - 2014
Lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common, important manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. Stenoses or occlusions in the superficial femoral artery may result in intermittent claudication or even critical ischaemia, which may be treated by balloon angioplasty with or without stenting. This is the first update of a review ...
Delitala Alessandro P AP Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Sassari, - - 2014
Thyroid dysfunction may accelerate atherosclerosis. Aortic pulse wave velocity is an early index of arterial stiffness and an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and might therefore be linked to changes in thyroid activity. We investigated the relationship between thyroid function and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, as an index of ...
Charafeddine Lama L American University of Beirut Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Beirut, - - 2014
Right ventricular dysfunction is uncommon following surgical repair of dextrotransposition of great arteries (d-TGA) by the arterial switch procedure. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a specific pulmonary vasolidator that has proven successful in treating pulmonary hypertension when delivered via endotracheal tube. We present a five-month-old infant with d-TGA and ventricular ...
Gyselaers Wilfried - - 2014
To evaluate characteristics of venous hemodynamics, together with cardiac and arterial function, in uncomplicated pregnancies (UP), non-proteinuric gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia (PE). In this observational cross-sectional study, venous hemodynamics was assessed using a standardised protocol for combined electrocardiogram (ECG)-Doppler ultrasonography, together with a non-invasive standardised cardiovascular assessment using impedance ...
Foster Gary P GP 1 Cardiology and Pulmonary/Critical Care Sections, Medical Service VA Loma Linda Healthcare System , Loma Linda, - - 2014
Abstract Foster, Gary P., Paresh C. Giri, Douglas M. Rogers, Sophia R. Larson, and James D. Anholm. Ischemic preconditioning improves oxygen saturation and attenuates hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol 15, 000-000. 2014.-Exposure to hypoxic environments is associated with decreased arterial oxygen saturation and increased pulmonary ...
Sharath U U Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, - - 2014
In the present work, we report a novel, in vivo, noninvasive technique to determine radial arterial compliance using the radial arterial pressure pulse waveform (RAPPW) acquired by fiber Bragg grating pulse recorder (FBGPR). The radial arterial compliance of the subject can be measured during sphygmomanometric examination by the unique signatures ...
Evans William N WN Pediatric Cardiology Division, Children's Heart Center, Las Vegas, Nev, USA; School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nev, - - 2014
Ethnicity may influence the occurrence of specific cardiac malformations. We retrospectively analyzed the occurrence of isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection in the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations of Southern Nevada over a 10-year period from 2003 to 2013. The mean cases per 100 000 live births among Hispanics was 19.8 (99% ...
Rivera J J Departament de Resisténcia de Materials i Estructures a l'Enginyeria, Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Avda. Bases de Manresa 61-73, 08242, Manresa, - - 2014
Revascularization of the femoropopliteal sector is often performed by the placement of a bypass. In this paper we have studied the effects of hemodynamics on patency of the bypass for different positions of the distal anastomosis close to a collateral artery. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) are used for this study. ...
van Dijk J Marc C JM Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
A dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with cortical venous reflux (CVR) is a dangerous neurovascular entity. A DAVF at the cribriform plate is typically silent until its inevitable presentation with intracranial hemorrhage. A 67-year-old male presented with severe epistaxis. Following unsuccessful conventional measures and a surgical exploration, a catheter angiography showed ...
Gogou Maria M 2nd Pediatric Department,Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki,University General Hospital - - 2014
A 9-year-old boy, with a history of repair of severe coarctation of the aorta through balloon angioplasty 2 weeks ago, presented in the emergency paediatric department with symptoms consistent with transient cerebral ischaemia. MRI revealed an area of cerebral infarction in the right frontal lobe. Causes of cerebral ischaemia after ...
Okuaki Tomoyuki T Philips Healthcare, 2-13-37 Kohnan, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-8507, Japan, - - 2014
A separate pulmonary vein (PV) is difficult to depict with the commonly used bright-blood magnetic resonance angiography method. Until now, no study has described the depiction of peripheral PVs without the artery. Our purpose in this study was to develop an arterial spin labeling (ASL)-based magnetic resonance angiography sequence to ...
Gyselaers Wilfried W Dept. Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Ziekenhuis Oost Limburg, Genk, Belgium; Dept. of Physiology, Hasselt University, Hasselt, - - 2014
To compare functional characteristics of thoraco-abdominal arteries and veins in proteinuric and non-proteinuric hypertension in pregnancy. This retrospective study includes singleton pregnancies of women during uncomplicated third trimester (UP), with non-proteinuric gestational hypertension (GH), with early-onset preeclampsia (PE) diagnosed < 34 weeks (EPE) or with late-onset PE ≥ 34 weeks ...
Chang Chia-Pei CP Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between umbilical artery flow and gestational age (GA) at 11-13(+6) weeks in normal pregnancy in the Taiwanese population. Two hundred and fifty-three normal singleton pregnancies with GA ranging from 11 to 13(+6) weeks were included in this study. The velocity ...
Uehara Mayuko M Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyse the relationship between the intraoperative transit-time flow measurement (TTFM) parameter values and the postoperative angiographic results of gastroepiploic arterial (GEA) grafts to the right coronary artery (RCA). We investigated whether the intraoperative TTFM parameter values are reliable indicators of early patency in ...
Meloche Jolyane J Pulmonary Hypertension Group, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et de Pneumologie de Québec, Department of Medicine, Laval University, Quebec City, G1V 4G5, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by progressive increase in pulmonary vascular resistance leading to right ventricular hypertrophy and failure. There is a need to find new biomarkers to detect PAH at its early stages and also for new, more effective treatments for this disease. miRNAs have emerged as key ...
Katulska K K Department of Radiology, Poznan University School of Medicine, 49 Przybyszewskiego, 60-355 Poznan, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hemodynamic disturbances are associated with aging as well as the chronic process of left ventricular and arterial stiffening. This process can influence gray matter volume and thereby contribute to brain atrophy. We performed a comprehensive assessment of left ventricular and arterial function as well as central hemodynamics. These data were ...
Bannas Peter P Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 600 Highland Avenue, Room E1/372, Madison, WI, 53792-3252, USA, - - 2014
Truncation artefact (Gibbs ringing) causes central signal drop within vessels in pulmonary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) that can be mistaken for emboli, reducing diagnostic accuracy for pulmonary embolism (PE). We propose a quantitative approach to differentiate truncation artefact from PE. Twenty-eight patients who underwent pulmonary computed tomography angiography (CTA) for ...
Arngrim Nanna N Danish Headache Center and Department of Neurology, Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, 2600 Glostrup, - - 2014
The carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide causes extracellular acidosis and dilatation of cerebral arterioles. In this study we tested the hypothesis that acetazolamide also may induce headache and dilatation of cranial arteries. In a randomized double-blind crossover study design, 12 young healthy women were allocated to injection of 1 g acetazolamide ...
Rungatscher Alessio A Department of Surgery, Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Verona, Verona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a common complication of congenital heart defects with left-to-right shunts. Current preclinical models do not reproduce clinical characteristics of shunt-related pulmonary hypertension. Aorto-caval shunt was firstly described as a model of right ventricle volume overload. Pathophysiology and possible determination of pulmonary arterial hypertension of different periods ...
Ding Dale D University of Virginia, Department of Neurological Surgery, P.O. Box 800212, Charlottesville, VA 22908, - - 2014
The treatment of large, complex intracranial aneurysms is being increasingly performed using flow-diverting stents (FDS) such as the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED; ev3, Irvine, CA, USA). Malapposition of a FDS to the parent artery wall decreases the likelihood of aneurysm obliteration and increases the risk of both immediate and delayed ...
Pauwels Bart B Department of Pharmacology, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Erectile dysfunction (ED), as well as many cardiovascular diseases, is associated with impaired nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Recently, oxime derivatives have emerged as vasodilators due to their NO-donating capacities. However, whether these oximes offer therapeutic perspectives as an alternative NO delivery strategy for the treatment of ED is unexplored. This ...
Kawai Nobuyuki N Department of Radiology, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama, Wakayama, 641-8510, - - 2014
We describe an 85-year-old man suffering lower urinary tract symptoms, who underwent prostatic artery embolization (PAE) based on a prostate-supplying arteriogram created with multidetector-row computed tomography during pelvic arteriography. This arteriogram was synthesized from a background bone volume-rendered (VR) image, an aorta-pelvic artery VR image, and a prostate-supplying artery VR ...
Shams Pari N PN *South Australian Institute of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Royal Adelaide Hospital; †Department of Radiology, Royal Adelaide Hospital; and ‡Adelaide Skin and Eye Centre, Adelaide, - - 2014
A 57-year-old woman with cutaneous manifestations of (BRBNS) presented with acute left proptosis and venous congestion secondary to thrombosis within a superior ophthalmic vein varix. Multiple phleboliths were noted in the contralateral right orbit, and an incidental right middle cerebral artery aneurysm. Her symptoms spontaneously resolved within a few days. ...
Kim Chan Woo CW From the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, Atlanta (C.W.K., S.K., D.J.S., I.-H.J., H.J.); and Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA (C.W.K., S.K., D.J.S., I.-H.J., K.K.G., - - 2014
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is characterized as a progressive dilation and degradation of the aortic wall, associated with activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and inflammation. Emerging evidence indicates a role for microRNAs (miRNAs) in AAA pathogenesis, but it is unclear whether abdominal aortic endothelial miRNAs play a role in the ...
Bossuyt Jelle J aHeymans Institute of Pharmacology, Clinical Pharmacology bInstitute Biomedical Technology (IBiTech), Ghent University cDepartment of Internal Medicine (Cardiovascular Diseases), Ghent University and Ghent University Hospital dDepartment of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Atherosclerotic disease is caused by a combination of systemic and local factors (e.g. geometry) affecting local flow conditions. In contrast to the carotid artery, at the iliac-femoral artery region, a large degree of bilateral asymmetry exists. Therefore, we aimed to determine the influence of body side on the prevalence of ...
Chen Lang L Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, P. R. - - 2014
Objective: Enhanced susceptibility-weighted angiography (ESWAN) is a three dimensional(3D) multi-echo gradient echo sequence which consists of both magnitude and phase images. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of ESWAN for the depiction of both cerebral arteries and veins at 1.5 Tesla (T) by comparing with Time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance ...
Zhu Hao Yu HY From the *Department of Thyroid Surgery, Sino-Japanese Friendship Hospital of Jilin University; †Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University; ‡Department of Anatomy, Changchun Medical College; §Department of Anatomy, College of Basic Medicine, Bethune Medicine Institute, Jilin University; and ∥Cancer Center of The First Affiliated Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun City, - - 2014
Trigeminal neuralgia is a common disease in Chinese people. Minimal invasive transforaminal pathway is widely used in treating trigeminal neuralgia. The Hartel pathway is the most commonly used operation route, but it has potential to injure vessels such as arteria meningea media and the internal carotid artery. We measured the ...
Asbeutah Akram M AM DMU, AMS, MSVU, Department of Radiologic Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kuwait University, PO Box 31470, 90805 Sulaibikhat, Kuwait. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to determine the changes (if any) in the diameter and valve closure time of the lower limb veins in healthy young nulliparous women at different phases of the menstrual cycle. Methods- Fifty-three young nulliparous women were asked to undergo clinical evaluations and duplex ...
Gunawardene Ar A Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust, - - 2014
Temporal artery biopsy is considered the gold standard investigation of giant cell arteritis and is recommended in suspected cases despite a sensitivity of 81-91%. This review highlights the potential risk of facial nerve injury during temporal artery biopsy and introduces recent advances in the emerging role of imaging modalities. When ...
Liebeskind David S DS Department of Neurology, UCLA Stroke Center, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Collaterals may affect revascularization, ischemic severity, and clinical outcomes in acute stroke owing to internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion. To examine the hypothesis that morphology of occlusive thrombus and collateral flow patterns may influence the outcome of ICA occlusions after mechanical thrombectomy. Pooled analyses of ICA occlusions in the MERCI ...
Anshu A A Department of Anatomy, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
During routine dissection in left upper limb in an elderly male cadaver, variations in the arterial and neural pattern were noticed. The undersized brachial artery divided terminally into radial and ulnar artery at a distance of 15.4 cm from the tip of coracoid process, proximal to its usual division in ...
Carallo Claudio C Metabolic Diseases Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, "Mater Domini" Hospital, "Magna Græcia" University, Viale Europa, Catanzaro, - - 2014
Heparin-induced Extracorporeal Low Density Lipoprotein Precipitation (HELP) Apheresis gives beneficial reductions in Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels; otherwise, extracorporeal circulation settings might elicit inflammation and platelet aggregation. The net effect of these variations on carotid hemodynamic has not been established. Aim of the present study was to investigate periprocedural ...
Pero Guglielmo G Department of Neuroradiology, Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milano, - - 2014
We report three cases of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) of the cavernous sinus treated by Onyx injection through the superior pharyngeal branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery. The treatment of choice of DAVFs of the cavernous sinus is endovascular, and it is preferentially done via transvenous occlusion of the cavernous ...
Pereda Daniel D Imaging in Experimental Cardiology Laboratory (IExC Lab), Epidemiology, Atherothrombosis and Imaging Department, Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares Carlos III (CNIC), Melchor Fernández Almagro 3, 28029, Madrid, - - 2014
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is prevalent and carries high morbidity and mortality, mostly due to right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Postcapillary PH is the most frequent form but there are no large-animal models available. We developed and characterized a porcine model of postcapillary PH by non-restrictive banding of the confluent of both ...
Lee Aram - - 2014
microRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding RNAs that play critical posttranscriptional regulatory roles typically through targeting of the 3'-untranslated region of messenger RNA (mRNA). Mature miRNAs are known to be involved in global cellular processes, such as differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, and organogenesis, due to their capacity to target ...
Nagata Yoshiki Y Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Toyama Prefectural Central Hospital, 2-2-78 Nishinagae, Toyama, Toyama, 930-8550, Japan, - - 2014
Catheter-induced coronary artery dissection occurs rarely during selective coronary angiography but generally progresses to complete coronary occlusion. We present a case of delayed occlusive dissection of the right coronary artery during coronary intervention of the left anterior descending artery. Bailout stenting was employed to treat the giant hematoma quickly using ...
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