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García-Pumarino Rubén R From the Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, - - 2014
The main objective of this article was to provide a detailed description of the variability of the vascular anatomy of the medial femoral condyle corticoperiosteal flap. The authors performed an anatomical dissection of the medial aspect of the genicular area of 20 lower limbs. The dissection isolated the different branches ...
Gonzalez V H VH Biological Sciences, Southwestern Oklahoma State University, 100 Campus Drive, Weatherford, OK, 73096, - - 2014
We document the anatomical architecture and frequency of occurrence of variations in the branching pattern of the brachiocephalic artery and the origin of the internal iliac arteries in the domestic cat, a widely used model organism in both anatomical training and research. Based on the study of 56 preserved specimens, ...
Del Fiacco Marina M Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Sezione di Citomorfologia, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, - - 2014
The transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 receptor (TRPV1) and the neuropeptides calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP) appear to be differently involved in migraine pain. A role of neurovascular scalp structures is also suggested by several data. We performed a quantitative study of TRPV1-like immunoreactive (LI), CGRP-LI and ...
Cameron Melissa S MS School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia 3216. Electronic address: - - 2014
In mammals, adrenomedullin (AM) is a potent vasodilator through signalling pathways that involve the endothelium. In teleost fishes, a family of five AMs are present (AM1/4, AM2/3 and AM5) with four homologous AMs (AM1, AM2/3 and AM5) recently cloned from the Japanese eel, Anguilla japonica. Both AM2 and AM5 have ...
Lee John J JJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
To report the branching patterns, vessel diameters, and location of the valves in the arcus venosus dorsalis pedis (AVDP) as a graft option for use in superficial palmar arch reconstruction after mutilating hand injuries. We dissected 10 cadaveric feet and measured vessel diameters, recorded number of branches, and located valves ...
Demiaszkiewicz Aleksander W AW W. Stefański Institute of Parasitology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818, Warsaw, Poland, - - 2014
Angiostrongylus vasorum belongs to the superfamily of Metastrongyloidea. This nematode occurs in foxes, dogs and other predators. The Nematode A. vasorum place themselves in the pulmonary artery and its branches, and in the right ventricle and atrium of the heart. Numerous species of land snails are the intermediate hosts of ...
Avedillo L L Clínica Veterinaria Villaluenga, Villaluenga de la Sagra, Toledo, - - 2014
Traditional veterinary anatomical models describe the branches of the caudal gluteal artery as the iliolumbar, cranial gluteal, lateral caudal, satellite of the ischiatic nerve and dorsal perineal arteries. However, some classical veterinary anatomy textbooks often indicate variations the general organization of the arterial tree, without giving any pattern of origin ...
Sakata Kenji K Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Aims: The aim of this IVUS substudy was to assess the efficacy of the Y-shaped Medtronic bifurcation-dedicated stent (BDS) for the treatment of de novo coronary bifurcated lesions. Methods and results: In the BRANCH trial, post-procedure IVUS was performed in 45 patients. IVUS was available in both branches in 19 ...
El Haddad Milad M Ghent University Hospital, Heart Center, Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Verification of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is challenging because of the coexistence of PV and far-field potentials in bipolar electrograms recorded at the left atrial-pulmonary vein (LA-PV) junction. The purpose of this study was to characterize algorithmically LA-PV potentials before and after PVI and to develop an algorithm to differentiate ...
Morimoto Yasuhiro Y Department of Anesthesia, Ube Industries Central Hospital, 750 Nishikiwa Ube, Yamaguchi, 755-0151, Japan, - - 2014
We report a case of posterior wall hematoma formation in the internal jugular vein after the puncture of central vein. An 82-year-old woman was scheduled for laparotomy for an abdominal incisional hernia. After induction of general anesthesia, we performed central venous catheterization via the right internal jugular vein under ultrasound ...
Kawarada Osami O From the Departments of Cardiovascular Medicine (O.K., S.Y., S.S., K.H., M.I., H.O.) and Preventive Medicine and Epidemiological Informatics (K.N.), National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan; Department of Advanced Cardiovascular Medicine (O.K., S.Y., M.I.) and Department of Cardiovascular Medicine (H.O.), Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan; and Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Nishinokyo Hospital, Nara, Japan (M.N., Y.T.). - - 2014
Benefits of 2-dimensional (2D) angiosome-oriented infrapopliteal revascularization remain controversial. The aim of this retrospective study was to clarify the effect of single tibial artery revascularization on the dorsal and plantar microcirculation of critically ischemic limbs based on skin perfusion pressure (SPP). Fifty-seven interventions that only involved either anterior tibial artery ...
Nandlall Sacha D SD Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University, New York, New York, - - 2014
The abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a silent and often deadly vascular disease caused by the localized weakening of the arterial wall. Previous work has indicated that local changes in wall stiffness can be detected with pulse wave imaging (PWI), which is a non-invasive technique for tracking the propagation of ...
Kramme Johanna J Fraunhofer MEVIS-Institute for Medical Image Computing, Bremen, Germany; Faculty of Physics and Electronics, University of Bremen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The improvement in Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) perfusion quantification, especially for delayed bolus arrival times (BAT), with an acquisition redistribution scheme mitigating the T1 decay of the label in multi-TI ASL measurements is investigated. A multi inflow time (TI) 3D-GRASE sequence is presented which adapts the distribution of acquisitions accordingly, ...
Akkas-Yazici Sinem S Division of Pediatric Neurology, Department of Neurology, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Cerebellum is highly vulnerable in the prenatal period. Increasing experience with fetal imaging studies has demonstrated that unilateral cerebellar hypoplasia (UCH) is mainly prenatally acquired, representing disruption rather than a true malformation. Here, we report the case of a 17-month-old boy presented with a sudden onset of abnormal eye movements, ...
Fabiani Monica M Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA; Psychology Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA; Bioengineering Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, USA; Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, - - 2014
Cerebrovascular support is crucial for healthy cognitive and brain aging. Arterial stiffening is a cause of reduced brain blood flow, a predictor of cognitive decline, and a risk factor for cerebrovascular accidents and Alzheimer's disease. Arterial health is influenced by lifestyle factors, such as cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). We investigated new ...
Mori Shumpei S Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2014
Age-related morphological changes of the aorta, including dilatation and elongation, have been reported. However, rotation has not been fully investigated. We focused on the rotation of the ascending aorta and investigated its relationship with tortuosity. One hundred and two consecutive patients who underwent computed tomography coronary angiography were studied. The ...
Selvarasu N K C - - 2014
The incidence of stent late restenosis is high (Zwart et al., 2010, "Coronary Stent Thrombosis in the Current Era: Challenges and Opportunities for Treatment," Curr. Treat. Options Cardiovasc. Med., 12(1), pp. 46-57) despite the extensive use of stents, and is most prevalent at the proximal and distal ends of the ...
Shoamanesh Ashkan A From the Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (A.S.); Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, MA (H.M., K.F., K.D., H.L., J.R.R., A.P., T.N.N., C.S.K., V.L.B.); and Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (P.T.). - - 2014
In contrast to middle cerebral artery territory strokes, anterior cerebral artery strokes (ACAS) occur rarely. The low frequency of ACAS, in relation to middle cerebral artery territory strokes, may be explained by differences in ACA and middle cerebral artery anatomy influencing their respective flow-directed embolism rates. We aimed to determine ...
Fujii Hiroki H Department of Neurology, Hiroshima University Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We here report the case of isolated hypoglossal nerve paralysis. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated characteristic findings of internal carotid artery dissection that should be considered as one of the differential diagnosis of ipsilateral pure hypoglossal nerve paralysis.
Fujimura Miki M Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan; Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital Organization, Sendai Medical Center, Sendai, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bilateral giant internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysms at the cavernous portion with bilateral cranial nerve symptoms are extremely rare. Extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass with parent artery occlusion (PAO) is one of the preferred procedures for giant ICA aneurysm at the cavernous portion with cranial nerve palsy; however, optimal bypass selection and ...
Nagy-Balo Edina E Institute of Cardiology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, - - 2014
Pulmonary vein isolation with phased radiofrequency current and use of a pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC) has recently been associated with a high incidence of clinically silent brain infarcts on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, and a high microembolic signal (MES) count detected by transcranial Doppler. We investigated the potential effects ...
Lee Sang-Hee SH Division in Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Department of Oral Biology, Human Identification Research Center, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-749, Republic of - - 2014
We aimed to elucidate the tortuous course of the perioral artery with the aid of image processing, and to suggest accurate reference points for minimally invasive surgery. We used 59 hemifaces from 19 Korean and 20 Thai cadavers. A perioral line was defined to connect the point at which the ...
Ramírez-Rosas Martha B MB Departamento de Farmacobiología, Cinvestav-Coapa, Czda. de los Tenorios 235, Col. Granjas-Coapa, Deleg. Tlalpan, C.P. 14330, México D.F., - - 2014
Progesterone and 17β-estradiol induce vasorelaxation through non-genomic mechanisms in several isolated blood vessels; however, no study has systematically evaluated the mechanisms involved in the relaxation induced by 17β-estradiol and progesterone in the canine basilar and internal carotid arteries that play a key role in cerebral circulation. Thus, relaxant effects of ...
Jones L L Dermatology, Phlebology and Fluid Mechanics Research Laboratory, St. Vincent's Centre for Applied Medical Research (AMR), St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, - - 2014
Ultrasound guided sclerotherapy may be complicated by intra-arterial injections resulting in significant tissue necrosis. Here, we present a 69-year-old man with a history of right small saphenous vein "stripping", presenting for the treatment of symptomatic lower limb varicose veins. Duplex ultrasound of the right lower limb outlined the pathway of ...
Nicholson Christopher C Cardiac and Respiratory Service, Minerva Centre, Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
The pulse is a significant indicator of health and can provide valuable information to help make an accurate diagnosis. All nurses should be competent in taking and interpreting the pulse, and developing their expertise in this vital sign. Arterial pulses can be examined at various sites, and this article focuses ...
Ohira Suguru S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
We describe a rare complication after the resection of the left atrial (LA) myxoma. After tumor resection, a large defect of the endocardium was reinforced with an autologous pericardial patch. Transesophageal echocardiography demonstrated a hematoma and pulsatile flow beneath the patch, without patch perforation or detachment. Bleeding increased after closure ...
Katsuda Shin-Ichiro SI Department of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, Fukushima, - - 2014
We investigated local pulse wave velocity (LPWV) in different aortic segments with respect to the rheological properties of the aorta with age-related progression of atherosclerosis in Kurosawa and Kusanagi-hypercholesterolemic (KHC) rabbits. Normal and KHC rabbits aged 10-12, 22-24 and 34-36 months were anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium (30 mg kg(-1), intravenous). Pulse waves ...
Mukherjee Chirojit C Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Medicine, Heart Center, University of Leipzig, Struempellstrasse 39, 04289, Leipzig, Germany, - - 2014
Circumflex artery occlusion is an unusual but grave complication that can be intra-operatively challenging to identify. Various modalities of imaging are possible during transfemoral aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Fluoroscopy and/or trans-esophageal echocardiography maybe used for assessment during and after TAVR. Imaging dilemma can cause delay or alter diagnosis. We report ...
Khadir Mohammed M MM Cardiothoracic Imaging Section, Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Ave, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA, - - 2014
Pulmonary arteries are not just affected by thrombus. Congenital and acquired conditions can also involve the pulmonary arteries. An awareness of these conditions is important for the radiologist interpreting chest computed tomography (CT). The anatomy of the pulmonary arteries was reviewed. CT and magnetic resonance (MR) acquisition protocols for imaging ...
Yang Hun-Mu HM Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, - - 2014
The medial zygomaticotemporal vein (MZTV), clinically known as sentinel vein, has been observed in the vicinity of the temporal branch of the facial nerve during endoscopic procedures aiming to lift the upper face. The aim of the present study was to describe the topography of the MZTV with reference to ...
De Caro Francesco F Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory, Cardiothoracic and Vascular Department, University of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
A 65-year-old man presented at our institution with anterior wall reinfarction, due to very late stent thrombosis, 4 years after primary angioplasty on the first bifurcation of the left anterior descending artery. Using intravascular optical coherence tomography, we identified stent malapposition in the proximal left anterior descending artery, occurring during ...
Demchenko Ivan T IT Duke University Medical - - 2014
Unexplained adjustments in baroreflex sensitivity occur in conjunction with exposures to potentially toxic levels of hyperbaric oxygen. To investigate this, we monitored CNS, autonomic and cardiovascular responses in conscious and anesthetized rats exposed to hyperbaric oxygen at 5 and 6 ATA, respectively. We observed two contrasting phases associated with time-dependent ...
D'Amico Gianpiero G Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua Medical School, Padua, Italy *Gianpiero D'Amico and Marco Mojoli contributed equally to the writing of this - - 2014
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) represents the gold standard technique to detect left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombosis. Several conditions may be erroneously interpreted as LAA thrombus at TEE, including artifacts mimicking thrombi. We report a case of a 78-year-old man with atrial fibrillation and contraindication to anticoagulation who was referred to our ...
Kalfa David D Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York, Columbia University, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe a technique of coronary sinus plasty used to treat an infant with compression of the left pulmonary vein between the descending aorta and a dilated coronary sinus related to a persistent vena cava. The left lower pulmonary vein stenosis was relieved by repositioning the floor of the coronary ...
Piotin M M Interventional Neuroradiology, Fondation Rothschild, Paris, - - 2014
To assess the safety and efficacy issues of Flow Diverters (FD) in the treatment of small unruptured cerebral aneurysms. Retrospective review of a prospectively gathered database of endovascularly treated aneurysms since the introduction of FD. From September 2008 (when treatment aneurysms with FD was initiated at our institution) to January ...
van der Marel K K New England Center for Stroke Research, Department of Radiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, - - 2014
Intracranial placement of flow-diverter (FD) stents provides a safe and effective treatment for aneurysms.(1) However, long-term angiographic follow-up is indicated, since in-stent stenosis and late thrombosis as a consequence of poor vessel wall apposition increase the risks of stroke-related complications.(1,2) In addition to conventional angiography, high-resolution contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT (VasoCT) ...
Ding D D Neurosurgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, - - 2014
The treatment of large, complex intracranial aneurysms is being increasingly performed using flow-diverting stents (FDS) such as the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED). Malapposition of a FDS to the parent artery wall decreases the likelihood of aneurysm obliteration and increases the risk of both immediate and delayed complications. DynaCT is a ...
Yano Tomoyuki T Tokyo, Japan From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Unit of Clinical Anatomy, Tokyo Medical and Dental - - 2014
Finding appropriate recipient veins for free flap reconstruction in the adjacent temporal region is sometimes difficult when performing skull base or craniofacial reconstruction because there is a limited number of recipient veins in the temporal region compared with the neck. The authors used cadaver dissection to evaluate the viability of ...
Olivotti Luca L Dept. of Cardiology, Ospedale Santa Corona, Pietra Ligure (SV), Italy; Dept. of Radiology, Ospedale Santa Corona, Pietra Ligure (SV), Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
A 57-year-old asymptomatic man showed a round echo-dense mass, partially occupying the left atrium on echocardiography. Magnetic resonance localized the mass in the atrioventricular groove, inside the pericardial space, and showed a large hepatic mass too. Computed tomography revealed significant compression of the left main coronary artery and of the ...
Bruno R M RM Institute of Clinical Physiology - CNR, Pisa, Italy; Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Residents of the Himalayan valleys uniquely adapted to their hypoxic environment in terms of pulmonary vasculature, but their systemic vascular function is still largely unexplored. The aim of the study was to investigate vascular function and structure in rural Sherpa population, permanently living at high altitude in Nepal (HA), in ...
Qureshi Yasir H YH Columbia University Medical Center/New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York City, NY, - - 2014
We report a case of flush occlusion, where a novel use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) helped in successful crossing and stenting of the lesion.
Chowdhury Mohammed M MM Cambridge Vascular Unit, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK, - - 2014
Lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common, important manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. Stenoses or occlusions in the superficial femoral artery may result in intermittent claudication or even critical ischaemia, which may be treated by balloon angioplasty with or without stenting. This is the first update of a review ...
Delitala Alessandro P AP Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Sassari, - - 2014
Thyroid dysfunction may accelerate atherosclerosis. Aortic pulse wave velocity is an early index of arterial stiffness and an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and might therefore be linked to changes in thyroid activity. We investigated the relationship between thyroid function and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, as an index of ...
Charafeddine Lama L American University of Beirut Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Beirut, - - 2014
Right ventricular dysfunction is uncommon following surgical repair of dextrotransposition of great arteries (d-TGA) by the arterial switch procedure. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a specific pulmonary vasolidator that has proven successful in treating pulmonary hypertension when delivered via endotracheal tube. We present a five-month-old infant with d-TGA and ventricular ...
Gyselaers Wilfried - - 2014
To evaluate characteristics of venous hemodynamics, together with cardiac and arterial function, in uncomplicated pregnancies (UP), non-proteinuric gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia (PE). In this observational cross-sectional study, venous hemodynamics was assessed using a standardised protocol for combined electrocardiogram (ECG)-Doppler ultrasonography, together with a non-invasive standardised cardiovascular assessment using impedance ...
Foster Gary P GP 1 Cardiology and Pulmonary/Critical Care Sections, Medical Service VA Loma Linda Healthcare System , Loma Linda, - - 2014
Abstract Foster, Gary P., Paresh C. Giri, Douglas M. Rogers, Sophia R. Larson, and James D. Anholm. Ischemic preconditioning improves oxygen saturation and attenuates hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction at high altitude. High Alt Med Biol 15, 000-000. 2014.-Exposure to hypoxic environments is associated with decreased arterial oxygen saturation and increased pulmonary ...
Sharath U U Department of Instrumentation and Applied Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, - - 2014
In the present work, we report a novel, in vivo, noninvasive technique to determine radial arterial compliance using the radial arterial pressure pulse waveform (RAPPW) acquired by fiber Bragg grating pulse recorder (FBGPR). The radial arterial compliance of the subject can be measured during sphygmomanometric examination by the unique signatures ...
Evans William N WN Pediatric Cardiology Division, Children's Heart Center, Las Vegas, Nev, USA; School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nev, - - 2014
Ethnicity may influence the occurrence of specific cardiac malformations. We retrospectively analyzed the occurrence of isolated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection in the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations of Southern Nevada over a 10-year period from 2003 to 2013. The mean cases per 100 000 live births among Hispanics was 19.8 (99% ...
Rivera J J Departament de Resisténcia de Materials i Estructures a l'Enginyeria, Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Avda. Bases de Manresa 61-73, 08242, Manresa, - - 2014
Revascularization of the femoropopliteal sector is often performed by the placement of a bypass. In this paper we have studied the effects of hemodynamics on patency of the bypass for different positions of the distal anastomosis close to a collateral artery. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) are used for this study. ...
van Dijk J Marc C JM Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
A dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) with cortical venous reflux (CVR) is a dangerous neurovascular entity. A DAVF at the cribriform plate is typically silent until its inevitable presentation with intracranial hemorrhage. A 67-year-old male presented with severe epistaxis. Following unsuccessful conventional measures and a surgical exploration, a catheter angiography showed ...
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