Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 733
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Britton Kathryn A - - 2012
Objective: Perivascular fat may have a local adverse effect on the vasculature. We evaluated whether thoracic periaortic adipose tissue (TAT), a type of perivascular fat, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were associated with vascular function. DESIGN AND METHODS: TAT and VAT were quantified in Framingham Heart Study participants using multidetector-computed ...
Garcia Justin R - - 2012
Arteries are often subjected to torsion due to body movement and surgical procedures. While it is essential that arteries remain stable and patent under twisting loads, the stability of arteries under torsion is poorly understood. The goal of this work was to experimentally investigate the buckling behavior of arteries under ...
Blood Arlin B AB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA 92373, USA. - - 2013
Exposure to chronic hypoxia during gestation predisposes infants to neonatal pulmonary hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we test the hypothesis that moderate continuous hypoxia during gestation causes changes in the rho-kinase pathway that persist in the newborn period, altering vessel tone and responsiveness. Lambs kept at 3,801 ...
Lv Tian-Shi - - 2012
We report for the first time an extremely rare anomalous origin of the superior left pulmonary artery in a 60 year-old man. Although it was occult in clinical indications, such a malformation still ought to be considered, especially during endovascular procedures.
Clarkson Thomas B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of bazedoxifene acetate (BZA), a new selective estrogen receptor modulator, on coronary and peripheral artery atheroscleroses and to determine if it would antagonize the atheroprotective effects of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) on a monkey model. METHODS: Ninety-eight surgically postmenopausal ...
Papaharilaou Yannis - - 2012
Head and neck postures may cause morphology changes to the geometry of the carotid bifurcation (CB) that alter the low and oscillating wall shear stress (WSS) regions previously reported as important in the development of atherosclerosis. Here the right and left CB were imaged by MRI in two healthy subjects ...
Havelka George E GE Division of Vascular Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2013
Neointimal hyperplasia limits the longevity of vascular interventions. Nitric oxide (NO) is well known to inhibit neointimal hyperplasia. However, delivery of NO to the vasculature is challenging. Our study aims to evaluate the efficacy of delivering NO to the site of injury using a permeable balloon catheter. Our hypothesis is ...
Gupta Rahul - - 2012
Introduction Isolated bilateral thalamic congestion due to an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare entity. Few case reports of dural arteriovenous fistula associated with it have been reported in the literature. The association of pial arteriovenous fistula (pial AVF) with thalamic hyperintensities has never been described before. The pial AVF is ...
Turan Tanya N - - 2013
This case report describes the use of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) to visualize basilar artery atherosclerotic plaque in a patient with a pontine stroke. HRMRI with three-dimensional image acquisition was used to visualize plaque in several planes to localize arterial wall pathology. Fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences of ...
Jin Yu - - 2012
Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) is a syndrome characterized by the increase of pulmonary vascular tone and the structural remodeling of peripheral pulmonary arteries. The aim of specific therapies for hypoxic pulmonary hypertension is to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance, reverse pulmonary vascular remodeling, and thereby improving right ventricular function. Iptakalim, a ...
Sato Kenichi - - 2012
: Arterial aneurysms of the spinal cord are rare. Their pathogenesis is variable, and the therapeutic strategies remain controversial, because their natural history is unclear. We report a case of multiple dissecting aneurysms of radiculomedullary and radiculopial arteries presenting with spinal infarction and subarachnoid hemorrhage, which spontaneously resolved. : A ...
Diletti Roberto - - 2012
Currently, no data are available on the direct comparison between the Absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS) and conventional metallic drug-eluting stents. The ABSORB II study is a randomized, active-controlled, single-blinded, multicenter clinical trial aiming to compare the second-generation Absorb BVS with the XIENCE everolimus-eluting metallic stent. Approximately 501 ...
Miller Franklin G - - 2012
In 1959 and 1960 the results of two randomized controlled trials demonstrated that bilateral internal mammary artery ligation was no better than a sham intervention in the treatment of angina. These landmark trials were the first to use blinded placebo controls to evaluate invasive procedures. Revisiting the story of internal ...
Park Jaechan - - 2012
Recognizing an aneurysmal basal rupture using angiographic evaluation is crucial for optimal treatment. To evaluate the incidence of a small basal outpouching (the most common angiographic configuration suggesting a basal rupture), the incidence of a ruptured basal outpouching, and the results of surgical and endovascular treatments. The occurrence of small ...
Moerman A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: /st>We hypothesized that previously reported contradictory results regarding the equivalence of mixed venous () and cerebral (rS(c)O(2)) oxygen saturation might be related to time delay issues and to measurement technology. In order to explore these two factors, we designed a prospective clinical study comparing with relative (INVOS(®)) and absolute ...
Yun Doyoung - - 2012
We present a case of pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis after radio-frequency (RF) ablation, in which a hemodynamic change in the pulmonary artery was similar to that of congenital PV atresia on time-resolved contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (TR-MRA). A 48-year-old man underwent RF ablation due to atrial fibrillation. The patient subsequently ...
Fok Henry - - 2012
Arterial tone in muscular conduit arteries may influence pressure wave reflection through changes in diameter and pulse wave velocity. We examined the relative specificity of vasodilator drugs for radial artery and forearm resistance vessels during intrabrachial arterial infusion. The nitric oxide (NO) donors, nitroglycerine and nitroprusside, and brain natriuretic peptide ...
Salehi Negar - - 2012
A 42-year-old woman presented to our outpatient department with complaints of atypical chest pain and palpitation. On physical examination, the patient's blood pressure was 140/95 mm Hg, and there was a systolic cardiac murmur on the left sternal border. A transthoracic echocardiography examination was performed, and a left-to-right shunt ratio ...
Ming-Li Li - - 2012
Objective To summarize the value and limitations of magnetic resonance (MR) plaque imaging for intracranial arteries. Method The data of MR plaque imaging of intracranial arteries in 422 patients performed in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2006 to September 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Results The success rate for ...
Rose Adam J - - 2012
Performance variation is easy to find - all one needs to do is to look for it. We have long known that some nations achieve better control of hypertension than others,(1) some hospitals have shorter door-to-balloon times than others,(2) and some cardiac surgeons have better risk-adjusted mortality after coronary artery ...
Kin Keiwa - - 2012
Atherosclerotic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a progressive, gradual aortic rupture that results in death in the absence of surgical intervention. Key factors that regulate initiation and progression of AAA are unknown, making targeted interventions difficult. MicroRNAs play a fundamental role in atherosclerosis, and atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is characterized ...
Ponde Vrushali C - - 2012
Neonatal upper limb ischemia due to accidental arterial damage remains a major concern, which can lead to devastating complications if untreated. The primary objective of this case report is to emphasize the role of continuous infraclavicular brachial plexus block, the issues related with block performance in an ischemic hand, and ...
Shariat Masoud - - 2012
A seven-month-old girl with partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection and atrial septal defect underwent cardiac magnetic resonance for further evaluation. Anatomical images and flow quantification confirmed the diagnosis and demonstrated a commitment of the superior vena cava to the left atrium, resulting in a right-to-left shunt and pulmonary/systemic blood flow ...
Canton Gador - - 2012
Arterial distensibility is a marker that can measure vessel wall functional and structural changes resulting from atherosclerosis with applications including estimation of mechanical properties of the wall. We sought to assess the feasibility of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to include wall distensibility in the characterization of atherosclerotic carotid arteries ...
Colli J L - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate renal ischemia injury during renal hilar clamping (artery alone versus clamping artery/vein together) by evaluating ischemic damage via two different modalities in animal models-near-infrared tissue oximetry and 8-isoprostane levels. METHODS: Near-infrared renal oximetry measurements of Yorkshire swines (n = 4; 8 renal units) subject to hilar clamping were obtained ...
Nambi G I GI Plastic & Reconstructive Microvascular Services, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Kovai Medical Center & Hospital, Avinashi road, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu India - - 2013
Occult volar wrist ganglion originating from radioscaphoid interval and having adherence to flexor carpi radialis tendon [Fcr] and radial artery is an uncommon occurrence. We report such a case which was occult and asymptomatic during pre-operative assessment and presented as an incidentaloma during radial artery forearm free flap harvest for ...
Gul Mehmet - - 2012
We report a case with a very rare complication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Rupture of the NovaFlex balloon (Edwards transfemoral balloon catheter) occurred during the inflation of the Edwards SAPIEN valve, resulting in dissection of the right common and external iliac arteries during withdrawal of the balloon catheter. The ...
Xiu Jiancheng - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the geometrical changes in the distal left main coronary artery (LMCA), left anterior descending (LAD), and left circumflex (LCX) that occur after a distal LMCA lesion is treated using a onestent cross-over strategy. BACKGROUND: Morphological changes after stent implantation into distal LMCA lesions are not fully understood. ...
Ersboell Mads - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Free pulmonary regurgitation (PR) after surgical correction of Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) with transannular patching can lead to irreversible right ventricular (RV) failure. However, the optimal timing of valve replacement is still debated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty six pigs were included in the study. Twenty one pigs had a ...
Miura Takashi - - 2012
An 82-year-old male presented to our institution with sudden onset pain in the bilateral lower extremities. Emergent angiography showed thrombus in the right common femoral and left popliteal arteries. Thromboembolectomy was performed using a Fogarty-balloon catheter through the bilateral femoral arteriotomy. A few hours later, he complained of pain in ...
Pearlman Ronald C - - 2012
An 83-year-old male presented with bilateral carotid stenosis. Stenosis on the left side was reported to be greater than 70%. A left carotid endarterectomy was undertaken to increase the lumen size and remove the atherosclerotic plaque. During Surgery, the hyoid bone was observed to have a 2-cm calcified horn capable ...
Ahmad A - - 2012
A 75-year-old woman developed an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) between the common femoral artery and common femoral vein following radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of left long saphenous vein. Failed coil embolization of the AVF was followed by successful surgical ligation. Awareness of the aetiology of this uncommon complication of RFA and its ...
Forfia Paul R - - 2012
In the context of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), echocardiographic assessment of right ventricular (RV) function is key to determining disease severity and prognosis. Using Doppler echocardiography (ECHO) there are numerous ways that RV function can be measured, either directly or indirectly, to capture the triad of changes in RV geometry, ...
Saitoh Takeji - - 2012
Common carotid artery (CCA) injury is a serious complication of internal jugular vein (IJV) cannulation. To minimize unintentional CCA puncture, the anatomic relationship between the IJV and the CCA and the size of IJV were compared under different head positions. Ultrasound analyses of the IJV and the CCA were performed ...
Kawano Hiroyuki - - 2012
A persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) is a relatively rare vascular anomaly of a persistent carotid-basilar anastomosis. A 76-year-old man with severe dilated cardiomyopathy suddenly lost consciousness. A magnetic resonance imaging scan of his brain revealed extensive infarction in the carotid and vertebrobasilar territories. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed a PPHA ...
Uemura Mamoru - - 2012
Subjects with persistent left superior vena cava were classified on the basis of the presence and thickness of both superior venae cavae, the anastomotic ramus between the superior venae cavae (anastomotic ramus), and the presence of both azygos veins. Among subjects with persistent left superior vena cava, the percentage of ...
Gursoy Mete - - 2012
Abstract  A 10-year-old male was admitted to our institution with complaints of mild cyanosis and dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography and angiography revealed a right superior vena cava (SVC) draining into the left atrium. At the time of surgery, the right SVC was connected to the right atrium. (J Card Surg 2012;27:623-625).
Takasawa Chiaki - - 2012
To examine the properties of N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) and iodized oil (lipiodol [Lip]) in vitro and in vivo for safe and effective embolization. Viscosity, polymerization time, and diffusing capacity were evaluated according to the NBCA/Lip ratio in vitro. Additionally, the effect of the NBCA/Lip ratio on arterial embolization was evaluated ...
Araki Takuji - - 2012
Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration of gastric varices in the absence of a gastrorenal shunts can still be performed through unconventional venous routes, such as the left inferior phrenic (ascending portion or transverse portion), pericardial, and azygous-hemiazygous veins. This requires detailed knowledge of venous anatomy, impeccable preprocedural imaging for planning, and ...
Siegel Robert J - - 2012
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation and transcatheter mitral valve repair (MitraClip) procedures have been performed worldwide. In this paper, we review the use of two-dimensional and three-dimensional transesophageal echo for guiding transcatheter aortic valve replacement and mitral valve repair.
Takeshita T - - 2012
Traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the internal maxillary artery (IMA) are rare and difficult to treat. A 58-year-old man with a traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the IMA presented with intractable nasal and oral hemorrhage during dual antiplatelet therapy. Transcatheter artery embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) completely occluded the pseudoaneurysm. Transcatheter artery embolization with ...
Kim Eun Key - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Successful replantation of the avulsed scalp has been reported by a number of authors, and there seems almost no doubt that each single superficial temporal artery and vein is enough to feed and drain the whole scalp if the amputee is not severely torn. As the venous problem is ...
Hofmann Kurt J - - 2012
Digital neural loops were identified over a century ago and are common findings in cadaveric studies of palmar and digital anatomy. Symptomatic digital neural loops are rare. We report a case of hemidigital anesthesia resulting from a proper digital nerve neural loop penetrated by its common digital artery in the ...
Duan Y Y Medical School of Shandong University, Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Jinan, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the initial application and value of prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggered dual-source CT coronary angiography (DSCTCA) in the diagnosis of infants and children with coronary artery aneurysms due to Kawasaki disease. 19 children [12 males; mean age 13.47 months, range 3 months to ...
Izumi Yotaro - - 2012
Here, we report a case of hepatoblastoma metastasis to the left pulmonary artery which was resected by left lingular segmentectomy plus left lower lobectomy in 5-year-old girl. She had previously undertaken right upper lobectomy and multiple lung partial resections on bilateral lungs as hepatoblastoma metastatectomies. Prediction of postoperative pulmonary function ...
Raymond J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Endovascular treatment of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms often results in incomplete occlusion or aneurysm recurrence. The goals of this study were to compare results of coil embolization with or without the assistance of self-expandable stents and to examine how stents may influence neointima formation.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms were ...
Schneiders J J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:3DRA is considered the reference standard for the assessment of intracranial aneurysm morphology. However, it has been shown that 3DRA may overestimate neck size compared with 2D DSA. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of neck size overestimation with 3DRA on intra-aneurysmal hemodynamics.MATERIALS AND ...
Logallo N - - 2012
Purpose: Transcranial color-coded sonography (TCCS) and CT-angiography (CTA) are reliable tools for detection of intracranial stenosis. Current ultrasonographic criteria for middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis are usually limited to a dichotomized grading (< or ≥ 50 %). As for carotid arteries, continuity equation might provide a more accurate evaluation of ...
Tokunaga Shigehiko - - 2012
Even if the thoracic endovascular aortic repair or open stent grafting technique becomes popular, surgical total arch replacement is still important and will continue to be necessary. Distal anastomosis of total arch replacement is critical in this procedure. This article describes an easy and useful method for using a malleable ...
Schade Anja - - 2012
Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the basis of all ablation techniques for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Performing conventional radiofrequency ablation for PVI is time consuming and sometimes challenging when using point-by-point applications to create continuous lesions. Small electrically conducting gaps evolving in the ablation lines may cause recurrences of atrial fibrillation ...
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