Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 770
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Yang Feng-Yi - - 2013
This study demonstrates the feasibility of using focused ultrasound (FUS) to modulate glomerular ultrafiltration by renal artery sonication and determine if protein-creatinine ratios are estimated through vascular parameters. All animal experiments were approved by our Animal Care and Use Committee. The renal arteries of Sprague-Dawley rats were surgically exposed and ...
Choi Hyuk Jai - - 2013
A 65-year-old woman presented with left facial involuntary movement and facial palsy for eight years. Brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed multiple vascular compression of facial nerve root exit zone (REZ). Standard retromastoid suboccipital craniectomy and arachnoid dissection were performed. Right vertebral artery (VA), left ...
Martínez-Galdámez Mario - - 2013
Purely extradural lumbar spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare lesions that have diverse presentations and imaging features. The treatment of a symptomatic high flow paraspinal AVM with multiple feeders remains a challenge. We report the first use of an Ascent balloon (dual lumen balloon catheter) to deliver Onyx with excellent ...
Orii Makoto - - 2013
Frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) is a novel technology which provides high-resolution cross-sectional images of coronary arteries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter-scan reproducibility of geometric FD-OCT measurements in the clinical setting. We examined 20 coronary lesions using FD-OCT. Following the FD-OCT image acquisition (1(st) pullback), ...
Lazar John F - - 2013
Giant coronary artery aneurysms are variously defined as more than 20 to 50 mm in size. They are rare, with a prevalence of 0.02% in a large surgical population. We present the case of a 68-year-old woman who reported an increased awareness of her chest. Multiple imaging techniques revealed a ...
Speetzen Lukas Julius - - 2013
There is accumulating evidence, that ischemic preconditioning - a non-damaging ischemic challenge to the brain - confers a transient protection to a subsequent damaging ischemic insult. We have established bilateral common carotid artery occlusion as a preconditioning stimulus to induce early ischemic tolerance to transient focal cerebral ischemia in C57Bl6/J ...
Pomeroy William L - - 2013
We present the case of a 90-year-old diabetic male and medically managed three-vessel coronary artery disease with evidence of an oval, nonmobile echo-density located on the posterior mitral valve annulus measuring two centimeters in diameter without significant impingement of the mitral valve on initial screening echocardiogram which was initially thought ...
Wei Chuanyu - - 2013
MircoRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that govern the gene expression and, play significant role in the pathogenesis of heart failure. The detection of miRNAs in circulation of pulmonary hypertensive (PH) human subjects remains elusive. In the current study, we determined the pattern of miRNAs of mild-to-severe human PH subjects ...
Hostettler Cathy - - 2013
Traumatic carotid artery dissections are uncommon and potentially devastating injuries that often have a delayed presentation. Soldiers often engage in leisure, training, and combat activities that place them at risk for sustaining an injury that causes a carotid artery dissection. To compound matters, spontaneous dissections are being more frequently recognized ...
Shaireen Huma - - 2013
Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification (IIAC) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by wide spread calcifications in arterial walls, leading to vaso-occlusive ischaemia of multiple organs. Mortality is high, and there is no definitive treatment. A male neonate, 36+5 weeks gestation, 2.81 kg, was admitted to NICU for respiratory distress. ...
El Falougy Hisham - - 2013
The recurrent artery of Heubner (RAH) is the largest vessel of the medial lenticulostriate arteries. It supplies many deep structures, mainly the corpus striatum, the globus pallidus, and the anterior crus of the internal capsule. The aim of the present paper was studying the morphological variations of the RAH and ...
Hamilton Patricia A - - 2013
Technology of ear infrared (IR) thermometers has improved. This study compared a modern ear thermometer to forehead or temporal artery thermometers. Temperatures were measured with a heated-tip ear thermometer, a temporal artery thermometer, 3 forehead thermometers, and a thermistor-based reference thermometer in monitor mode. In 171 subjects, mean bias with ...
Shin Ik Jae - - 2013
Recently, partial ligation of the common carotid artery (CCA) was reported to induce carotid atheromata rapidly in apolipoprotein-E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice. We investigated this new atherosclerosis model by using combined matrix-metalloproteinase (MMP) near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) imaging and macrophage-tracking luciferase imaging. Partial ligation of the left CCA was performed in 10-week-old ...
Yan Xiaopeng - - 2013
Installing the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for portal hypertension is relatively safe, but complications are still high. To explore a new method of portacaval shunt, the magnetic compression technique was introduced into the shunting procedure. A portal-inferior vena cava shunt was performed on 6 male mongrel dogs by two hemocompatible ...
Ichikawa Minoru - - 2013
We report the case of a 69-year-old male whose left circumflex coronary artery was perforated immediately after implantation of an Endeavor zotarolimus-eluting stent (E-ZES). Despite successful hemostasis by long balloon inflation, a coronary pseudoaneurysm remained at the E-ZES-implanted segment. Coronary angiography performed one year after the coronary perforation showed the ...
Kono Kenichi - - 2013
Surgical microscope-integrated intraoperative angiography with intra-venous injection of indocyanine green (ICG) has been widely used during bypass or aneurysm surgery. Instead of intra-venous injection of ICG, we describe a case of intraoperative video angiography with intra-arterial injection of ICG in cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) surgery. During the surgery, we injected ...
Zeng Guang-Qiao - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to establish an animal model of chronic pulmonary hypertension with a single-dose intraperitoneal injection of monocrotaline (MCT) in young Tibet minipigs, so as to enable both invasive and noninvasive measurements and hence facilitate future studies. Twenty-four minipigs (8-week-old) were randomized to receive single-dose injection ...
Zhang Xing X Institute of Cell Biology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, - - 2013
It is very difficult to prevent pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) due to the lack of specific and diagnostic markers, which could lead to a high incidence of pulmonary TB. We screened the differentially expressed serum microRNAs (miRNAs) as potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of pulmonary TB. In this study, serum miRNAs ...
Kim Hyunggun H Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2013
Delayed cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage causes severe ischemic neurologic deficits leading to permanent neurologic dysfunction or death. Reduced intravascular and perivascular nitric oxide (NO) availability is a primary pathophysiology of cerebral vasospasm. In this study, we evaluated NO-loaded echogenic liposomes (NO-ELIP) for ultrasound-facilitated NO delivery to produce vasodilation for ...
van de Woestijne Pieter C PC Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, - - 2013
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is defined to exist when some but not all venous drainage enters the left atrium, while the remaining veins connect to the right-sided circulation. Scimitar syndrome is a specialized example, in which an anomalous pulmonary vein descends from the right lung and drains into ...
Radhakrishnan Harsha H Biomedical Engineering Department, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA ; Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, - - 2013
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) angiography was applied to image functional hyperemia in different vascular compartments in the rat somatosensory cortex. Dynamic backscattering changes, indicative of changes in dynamic red blood cell (dRBC) content, were used to monitor the hemodynamic response. Three-dimensional movies depicting the microvascular response to neuronal activation were ...
Xu Xiu-Fang XF Department of Cardiac Surgery (WBL, ZWX, DG), Department of Ultrasound Cardiography (JFP), Department of Molecular Biology (XFX), Department of Cardiology (XJR), Department of Anaesthesiology (EMQ), Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel, Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University Beijing 100029, - - 2013
Mitral valve-related operations are easy to perform and show good results, but to prevent severe thromboembolism or a high ratio of prosthetic valve destruction by tissue, lifetime anticoagulant therapy is essential after the operation. Thus, identifying a new type of surgical procedure and prosthetic valve to cure mitral valve diseases ...
Marco Meggiolaro M Division of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, University Hospital of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128 Padova, - - 2013
Central venous catheterization is of common practice in intensive care units; despite representing an essential device in various clinical circumstances, it represents a source of complications, sometimes even fatal, related to its management. We report the removal of a central venous catheter (CVC) that had been wrongly positioned through left ...
Tanaka Jun J Department of Internal Medicine, Saga University Faculty of Medicine, - - 2013
A 38-year old man with an 8-year history of migraine with subclinical abnormal brain lesions on MRI was admitted to our hospital. His migraine attacks followed visual disturbance or dysarthria. Brain MRI revealed old infarctions restricted to the posterior circular region. On transesophageal cardiography, an atrial septal defect (ASD) was ...
Friedlander A H AH Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2013
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), affecting 1% of the population, is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The presence of calcified carotid artery plaque (CCAP) on panoramic images is a validated risk indicator of future adverse cardiovascular events. We hypothesized that military veterans aged 50 years or older diagnosed with PHPT ...
Rajabi-Jagahrgh Ehsan - - 2012
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) failure is mainly due to venous stenosis characterized by significant amount of intima-media thickening (IMT), probably in the presence of negative (inward) remodeling. Our hypothesis is that the longitudinal changes in wall shear stress (WSS) within different configurations of AVF can influence remodeling factors (changes in luminal ...
Kim Jongmin J Yale Cardiovascular Research Center, Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by vascular remodeling associated with obliteration of pulmonary arterioles and formation of plexiform lesions composed of hyperproliferative endothelial and vascular smooth-muscle cells. Here we describe a microRNA (miRNA)-dependent association between apelin (APLN) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) signaling in pulmonary artery endothelial cells ...
Gaitán María I MI Neuroimmunology Branch, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2013
Many multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions develop around small veins that are surrounded by perivenular inflammatory cells, but whether veins in the brains of people with MS are smaller or larger than similar veins in healthy volunteers or people with other neurologic diseases remains unknown. This question can be addressed by ...
Jackowski Christian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To investigate unenhanced postmortem 3-T MR imaging (pmMRI) for the detection of pulmonary thrombembolism (PTE) as cause of death. METHODS: In eight forensic cases dying from a possible cardiac cause but with homogeneous myocardium at cardiac pmMRI, additional T2w imaging of the pulmonary artery was performed before forensic autopsy. ...
Wong S C - - 2012
Study design:An investigation on large and small artery compliance in 36 able-bodied persons and persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).Objective:To evaluate the effect of various training states (endurance-trained vs untrained) on arterial compliance in individuals with chronic SCI of traumatic origin and in able-bodied individuals (matched for age, sex, height, ...
Korn A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: High-pitch CT angiography (CTA) is a recent innovation that allows significant shortening of scan time with volume coverage of 43 mm per second. The aim of our study was to assess this technique in CTA of the head and neck. METHODS: CTA of supra-aortic arteries was performed in 50 patients ...
Milan A - - 2012
In critically ill neonates, peripheral perfusion and oxygenation assessment may provide indirect information on circulatory failure in limb arterial thromboembolic emergencies. Aims of our study were: 1) to evaluate the changes on tissue oxygenation index, oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin and blood volume obtained by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) on the infants legs; 2) ...
Berecova Zuzana - - 2012
A case of an asymptomatic 32-year-old male with a complex congenital pulmonary vein varix is reported herein. Chest X-ray incidentally revealed a tubular opacity passing from the periphery of the left lingula to the mediastinum. ECG gated multidetector computed tomography showed the opacity to be a vessel emptying into the ...
Sakamoto Shigeyuki - - 2012
A 72-year-old man presented with chemosis and ophthalmoplegia due to dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) of the cavernous sinus (CS). Preoperative arterial spin-labeling (ASL) image showed visible vein in the bilateral superior ophthalmic vein (SOV). Endovascular transvenous embolization of the shunting points of the CS-DAVF was performed, and the postoperative angiogram ...
Hurley-Sanders Jennifer L - - 2012
A Chilean flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis) was presented to the veterinary clinic at the North Carolina Zoological Park for evaluation of acute weakness of the right wing. Results of a physical examination revealed a lack of a palpable pulse in the radial artery, which suggested occlusion or obstruction of the vessel. ...
Won Hyung-Sun - - 2012
We report a rare case of a left inferior epigastric artery arising from the internal iliac artery via a common trunk with the obturator artery in an 84-year-old female cadaver. A common trunk for the inferior epigastric and obturator arteries firstly originated from the left internal iliac artery, at 3.0 ...
Sahin Mehmet Ali - - 2012
Riolan's arch represents a rare artery, connecting the superior and inferior mesenteric artery (SMA, IMA) (1). A 73-year-old male, with a 10-year history of peripheral arterial disease, presented to our department with a claudication of 20 meters on the left lower extremity. On the computed tomographic angiography, bilateral common iliac ...
Britton Kathryn A - - 2012
Objective: Perivascular fat may have a local adverse effect on the vasculature. We evaluated whether thoracic periaortic adipose tissue (TAT), a type of perivascular fat, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were associated with vascular function. DESIGN AND METHODS: TAT and VAT were quantified in Framingham Heart Study participants using multidetector-computed ...
Garcia Justin R - - 2012
Arteries are often subjected to torsion due to body movement and surgical procedures. While it is essential that arteries remain stable and patent under twisting loads, the stability of arteries under torsion is poorly understood. The goal of this work was to experimentally investigate the buckling behavior of arteries under ...
Blood Arlin B AB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA 92373, USA. - - 2013
Exposure to chronic hypoxia during gestation predisposes infants to neonatal pulmonary hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we test the hypothesis that moderate continuous hypoxia during gestation causes changes in the rho-kinase pathway that persist in the newborn period, altering vessel tone and responsiveness. Lambs kept at 3,801 ...
Lv Tian-Shi - - 2012
We report for the first time an extremely rare anomalous origin of the superior left pulmonary artery in a 60 year-old man. Although it was occult in clinical indications, such a malformation still ought to be considered, especially during endovascular procedures.
Clarkson Thomas B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of bazedoxifene acetate (BZA), a new selective estrogen receptor modulator, on coronary and peripheral artery atheroscleroses and to determine if it would antagonize the atheroprotective effects of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) on a monkey model. METHODS: Ninety-eight surgically postmenopausal ...
Papaharilaou Yannis - - 2012
Head and neck postures may cause morphology changes to the geometry of the carotid bifurcation (CB) that alter the low and oscillating wall shear stress (WSS) regions previously reported as important in the development of atherosclerosis. Here the right and left CB were imaged by MRI in two healthy subjects ...
Havelka George E GE Division of Vascular Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2013
Neointimal hyperplasia limits the longevity of vascular interventions. Nitric oxide (NO) is well known to inhibit neointimal hyperplasia. However, delivery of NO to the vasculature is challenging. Our study aims to evaluate the efficacy of delivering NO to the site of injury using a permeable balloon catheter. Our hypothesis is ...
Gupta Rahul - - 2012
Introduction Isolated bilateral thalamic congestion due to an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a rare entity. Few case reports of dural arteriovenous fistula associated with it have been reported in the literature. The association of pial arteriovenous fistula (pial AVF) with thalamic hyperintensities has never been described before. The pial AVF is ...
Turan Tanya N - - 2013
This case report describes the use of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) to visualize basilar artery atherosclerotic plaque in a patient with a pontine stroke. HRMRI with three-dimensional image acquisition was used to visualize plaque in several planes to localize arterial wall pathology. Fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences of ...
Jin Yu - - 2012
Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (HPH) is a syndrome characterized by the increase of pulmonary vascular tone and the structural remodeling of peripheral pulmonary arteries. The aim of specific therapies for hypoxic pulmonary hypertension is to reduce pulmonary vascular resistance, reverse pulmonary vascular remodeling, and thereby improving right ventricular function. Iptakalim, a ...
Sato Kenichi - - 2012
: Arterial aneurysms of the spinal cord are rare. Their pathogenesis is variable, and the therapeutic strategies remain controversial, because their natural history is unclear. We report a case of multiple dissecting aneurysms of radiculomedullary and radiculopial arteries presenting with spinal infarction and subarachnoid hemorrhage, which spontaneously resolved. : A ...
Diletti Roberto - - 2012
Currently, no data are available on the direct comparison between the Absorb everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Absorb BVS) and conventional metallic drug-eluting stents. The ABSORB II study is a randomized, active-controlled, single-blinded, multicenter clinical trial aiming to compare the second-generation Absorb BVS with the XIENCE everolimus-eluting metallic stent. Approximately 501 ...
Miller Franklin G - - 2012
In 1959 and 1960 the results of two randomized controlled trials demonstrated that bilateral internal mammary artery ligation was no better than a sham intervention in the treatment of angina. These landmark trials were the first to use blinded placebo controls to evaluate invasive procedures. Revisiting the story of internal ...
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