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Results 301 - 350 of 767
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McDonald Robert A - - 2013
AimsThe long-term failure of autologous saphenous vein bypass grafts due to neointimal thickening is a major clinical burden. Identifying novel strategies to prevent neointimal thickening is important. Thus, this study aimed to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) that are dysregulated during neointimal formation and determine their pathophysiological relevance following miRNA manipulation.Methods and ...
Raman Fabio S FS Radiology and Imaging Sciences, National Institutes of Health of Clinical Center, 10 Center Drive, Building 10, Rm 1C355, Bethesda, MD 20892-1182, - - 2013
Gadolinium enhanced coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) at 3 T appears to be superior to non-contrast methods. Gadofosveset is an intravascular contrast agent that may be well suited to this application. The purpose of this study was to perform an intra-individual comparison of gadofosveset and gadobenate for coronary MRA at ...
Nakamura Masanobu - - 2013
We demonstrate the feasibility of the vessel-selective, non-contrast, time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) technique, "contrast inherent inflow enhanced multi-phase angiography combining vessel-selective arterial spin labeling technique (CINEMA-SELECT)". This sequence consists of two major techniques: pulsed star labeling of arterial regions (PULSAR) and Look-Locker sampling. We hypothesize that this technique allows ...
Chen Shao-Liang - - 2013
Aims: The study sought to assess the effect of percutaneous pulmonary artery denervation (PADN) on balloon-occlusion-induced acute pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in vivo. The PADN is a minimally invasive and endovascular catheter-based interventional therapy using radiofrequency ablation to abolish the pulmonary arterial baroreceptors to pressure response. Methods and results: To ...
Soizic Leparco - - 2013
The current case describes an unreported complication of Bakri balloon placement: the migration of Bakri balloon to broad ligament through an unsuspected uterine rupture. Finally, a hysterectomy had been required. Bakri balloon may be involuntary introduced in an unexpected uterine rupture, even if the balloon is placed under ultrasound guidance.
Urbina Elaine M EM Preventive Cardiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC-7002, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2013
Lipid levels are linked to early atherosclerosis. Risk stratification may be improved by using triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C), which relates to arterial stiffness in adults. We tested whether TG/HDL-C was an independent predictor of arterial stiffness in youth. Subjects 10 to 26 years old (mean 18.9 years, ...
Greben Craig R - - 2013
We report our experience with an embolization technique that allows safe, controllable exclusion of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations using detachable coils, a single venous access site, coaxial catheter guidance, and 1 or 2 microcatheters. This technique is particularly useful when treating central lesions with a short feeding artery and when high ...
Verbeeck N - - 2013
Renal transplantation is the choice treatment of end-stage renal disease. When it is not indicated or not immediately feasible, hemodialysis must be performed, preferably via a native arteriovenous fistula in the forearm. A pre-anastomotic occlusion of this type of fistula is often accompanied by a thrombosis of its draining vein. ...
Clarkson Thomas B TB Department of Pathology/Comparative Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1040, USA. - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of bazedoxifene acetate (BZA), a new selective estrogen receptor modulator, on coronary and peripheral artery atheroscleroses and to determine if it would antagonize the atheroprotective effects of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) on a monkey model. Ninety-eight surgically postmenopausal monkeys (Macaca ...
Moritz Regina R Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2013
To evaluate the potential of whole-body CT to detect localized areas of decreased or increased vascularity in coronary arterial walls. We used both microsphere embolization of coronary artery vasa vasorum to generate small areas of hypoperfusion and surrounding hyperperfusion of the arterial wall and diet-induced hypercholesterolemia. As a stimulus for ...
Filograna Laura - - 2013
A 65-year-old man collapsed suddenly, while on an escalator. Despite intensive cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, the subject died 1h later. Post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging and post-mortem computed tomography angiography demonstrated rupture of an ascending aortic aneurysm, with haemorrhage into the pericardial cavity and the uncommon associated finding of haemorrhage into the left ...
Faye Nathalie - - 2013
PURPOSE: To determine whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) characteristics could predict the effectiveness of uterine arterial embolization in treatment of fibroids. METHODS: This retrospective study included 17 women (27 fibroids) who underwent uterine arterial embolization for fibroids. MR imaging (1.5 T) was performed before, 1 week and 6 months after uterine ...
Nicholson George T - - 2013
A newborn infant with obstructed supracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous return underwent emergent surgical correction on day of life 0. A surgically placed transthoracic pulmonary artery catheter was used to monitor pulmonary artery pressure and removed on post-operative day 3. Following acute deterioration in respiratory status requiring reintubation, echocardiographic assessment ...
Chang Yi-Chih - - 2013
The "Guideliner", a child catheter, aims to deliver stents in tortuous coronary lesions by deep engagement and providing better support. Coronary artery spiral dissection which may be caused by deep-seated coronary catheters or non-coaxial engagement is one of the most seen percutaneous coronary intervention-related complications. In this case, Guideliner-related left ...
Borer-Weir K E - - 2013
Digital vasoconstriction, ischaemia and hypoxia may predispose to acute laminitis. Laminitis incidence varies seasonally, peaking in spring and summer. Direct seasonal influences on equine digital artery (EDA) contractility have not been investigated. This study assessed seasonal variation in maintenance of phenylephrine (PHE)-induced tone in isolated EDAs under hypoxic (95% nitrogen) ...
Haines David E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -Cerebral diffusion-weighted MRI lesions have been observed after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. We hypothesized that conditions predisposing to microembolization could be identified using a porcine model of pulmonary vein ablation and an extracorporeal circulation loop. METHODS AND RESULTS: -Ablations of the pulmonary veins were performed in 18 swine ...
Margariti Persefoni - - 2013
A 13-year-old immunocompromised girl developed neurotuberculosis. Arterial spin labeling technique indicated areas of hypoperfusion in the vascular territories of the left posterior cerebral artery and superior cerebellar artery without restricted diffusion, suggesting early tuberculous arteritis. MR angiography confirmed vascular involvement, so adjunctive anticoagulant therapy was initiated. Complete resolution of arterial ...
Yuan Ke - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that not only regulate gene expression during normal development but can also be active players in several diseases. To date, several studies have demonstrated a possible role for specific miRNAs in the regulation of pulmonary vascular homeostasis suggesting that novel therapeutic agents which target ...
Song Min-Ho - - 2013
Exposure of the mitral valve is of critical importance in mitral valve surgery. The mitral valve is located near the interatrial groove. As we accumulated experience and learned from embryology, we found that a more central left atriotomy was advantageous, and was made possible by interatrial groove dissection using an ...
Yim Deane - - 2013
Congenital coronary arterial fistula is a rare cause of congestive heart failure in neonates. We describe a neonate who developed early symptoms because of an unusually large left coronary artery to right ventricular fistula. Computed tomography and coronary angiography delineated anatomy and facilitated successful surgical closure.
Lee Hyung-Jin - - 2013
Cerebral aneurysm (CA) is an important acquired cerebrovascular disease that can cause catastrophic results. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs, playing essential roles in modulating basic physiologic and pathological processes. Currently, evidences have been established about biologic relationship between miRNAs and abdominal aortic aneurysms. However, biologic roles of miRNAs in ...
Johnston Maximilian Joseph - - 2013
We present the case and radiologic images of an 85-year-old woman who presented with a left loin abscess secondary to a left staghorn calculus and a nonfunctioning left kidney. We examined the rationale behind the eventual decision to pursue conservative treatment in the form of incision and drainage rather than ...
Lancellotti Patrizio - - 2013
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined by a sustained increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure > 25 mmHg. Due to its widespread availability, echocardiography (ECHO) is used as the first-line imaging modality to detect pulmonary PH and assess right ventricular (RV) function in daily routine. As such, ECHO is the key ...
Lucisano L - - 2013
Coronary bifurcation lesions are regarded as complex and their treatment is still the subject of substantial debate. Important elements to consider before approaching a bifurcation include angle and anatomy, in particular the take off angle (proximal angle, A) that is between the proximal MB and SB and the carina angle ...
Flors Lucía - - 2013
The objective of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of dual-source dual-energy CT (DECT) in the detection of endoleaks after thoracic endovascular aortic repair for thoracic aortic aneurysm and to investigate if a double-phase (arterial and dual-energy late delayed phase) or a single-phase (dual-energy late delayed phase) acquisition ...
Matsuo Hitoshi - - 2013
In this case report, physiological changes of myocardial perfusion in the collateral recipient right coronary artery (RCA) and the collateral donor left anterior descending artery (LAD) with an intermediate lesion were assessed using intracoronary pressure measurement, before and after revascularization of chronic total occlusion (CTO). A 44 year old male ...
Johnson Jonas - - 2013
Abnormal vascular-ventricular coupling has been suggested to contribute to heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in elderly females. Failure to increase stroke volume (SV) during exercise occurs in parallel with dynamic changes in arterial physiology leading to increased afterload. Such adverse vascular reactivity during stress may reflect either sympatho-excitation or ...
Herson Paco S PS Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2013
Pediatric stroke, birth to 18 years, is a significant cause of long-term disability in the United States; however, there is currently little experimental data on the pathophysiology of childhood stroke owing to lack of animal models. We developed a novel mouse model of experimental childhood-onset arterial ischemic stroke to characterize ...
Erkanli Korhan - - 2013
A 54-year-old woman was referred to our institution suffering from severe dyspnea and asthenia due to progressive heart failure. Multidetector computed tomography angiography revealed biatrial enlargement with an image of pulmonary vein aneurysm. She underwent valvuloplasty for mitral and tricuspid valves, ligation of left atrial appendage, and left atrial reduction ...
Jung Jin-Man - - 2013
A 29-year-old man presented with unilateral dull headache for 3 days, similar to previous headache, but with right hemiparesis; there was no antecedent infection or trauma. MRI showed left striatocapsular infarction without evidence of cardioembolism or vasculitis. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated stenosis of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) trunk ...
Hara Tomoya - - 2013
A basket-shaped microsnare has various uses such as the pull through technique during coronary intervention to chronic total occlusion (CTO). A 79-year-old man underwent angioplasty for the femoral artery occlusion. We performed a controlled antegrade and retrograde tracking (CART) with dilatation of a balloon on the antegrade guidewire. The retrograde ...
Konieczka Katarzyna - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Endothelin-1 (ET) is an important molecule in vascular physiology. After an acute stimulation with ET, vessels are to some extent temporarily refractory to further stimulation. However, few details are known about this phenomenon. The aim of our study was to verify the existence of refractoriness in ophthalmic ciliary ...
Brandt Andreas - - 2013
Possible complications of parotid gland surgery are numerous, just as the reasons for aneurysms of the superficial temporal artery. The occurrence of such an aneurysm as a consequence of parotidectomy, however, has so far only been published once. Here, we report of an aneurysm of the superficial temporal artery following ...
Moodley Loven L Chris Barnard Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2013
Different flow patterns and shear forces were shown to cause significantly more luminal narrowing and neointimal tissue proliferation in coronary than in infrainguinal vein grafts. As constrictive external mesh support of vein grafts led to the complete suppression of intimal hyperplasia (IH) in infrainguinal grafts, we investigated whether mesh constriction ...
Kim Sun Min - - 2013
Objective This study investigates whether fetal pulmonary artery Doppler waveforms can predict the subsequent development of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).Study Design A prospective cohort study was performed in women with impending preterm birth. Pulsatility index, resistance index, systolic-to-diastolic ratio, peak systolic velocity, and acceleration time-to-ejection time (At/Et) ratio were measured in the ...
Galizia Mauricio S - - 2013
Although standard magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) has many advantages in the evaluation of peripheral artery disease, it has poorer spatial resolution compared with computed tomographic angiography and digital subtraction angiography. The MRA blood pool contrast agents have an extended half-life. By allowing longer imaging times, MRA enables the acquisition of ...
Gonzales Joaquin U - - 2013
Arterial stiffening is a widely known physiological change that occurs with ageing, but the functional consequences of vascular ageing are unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine whether carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), mechanical properties of the carotid and femoral arteries and/or peripheral perfusion was associated with gait ...
Bauer Stefan - - 2013
We report a case of temporary arterial plastic tube stenting of the ulnar and radial artery in a complete spaghetti wrist injury in a remote rural setting. Exploration in a specialist centre 18 h postinjury revealed that the tubes were clotted off with adjacent thrombi but hand perfusion was maintained. ...
Choh Naseer A - - 2013
Subaortic left ventricular outflow tract pseudoaneurysms are rare lesions that are associated with aortic valve diseases, infective endocarditis, trauma or surgery. We present dynamic multidetector computerized tomography and cine magnetic resonance imaging features of a case of subaortic aneurysm arising from interaortic-mitral valvular region in a child with past history ...
Meissner M H - - 2013
Iliofemoral venous obstruction may arise from either primary compressive lesions or may be secondary to an episode of deep venous thrombosis. Regardless of aetiology, these lesions, either alone or in association with more distal reflux, may be responsible for lower extremity pain, swelling, and ulceration. Conventional surgical procedures for the ...
Kowalski William J - - 2013
Transformation from the bilaterally symmetric embryonic aortic arches to the mature great vessels is a complex morphogenetic process, requiring both vasculogenic and angiogenic mechanisms. Early aortic arch development occurs simultaneously with rapid changes in pulsatile blood flow, ventricular function, and downstream impedance in both invertebrate and vertebrate species. These dynamic ...
Iihara Koji - - 2013
A 33-year-old woman presented with a ruptured, partially thrombosed carotid bifurcation aneurysm after partial coiling, which was successfully treated by "tasuki" (a cloth sash crossing from one shoulder to the opposite hip, worn by relay marathon runners) clipping combined with radial artery and external carotid artery-to-middle cerebral artery bypass. "Tasuki" ...
Snyder Aaron - - 2013
Treatment of brachial artery injuries in children, particularly those resulting from supracondylar humeral fractures, is controversial when distal pulses are absent yet the hand remains warm and pink. This article presents a retrospective study of eight children, ages 3 to 13, who underwent brachial arterial exploration because of absent distal ...
Takahara Akira - - 2013
We compared effects of the antiarrhythmic drug bepridil on the electrophysiological parameters in the isolated pulmonary vein preparation from guinea pigs with those in the left atrium. Three pairs of bipolar electrodes were attached to the left atrium, pulmonary vein and junctional region of left atrium and pulmonary vein to ...
Emery Robert W - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether the eSVS Mesh interferes with transit-time flow measurement (TTFM) assessing intraoperative coronary vein graft patency. In four swine undergoing off-pump bypass grafting to the anterior descending coronary artery, five TTFMs were sequentially obtained on meshed and bare grafts at baseline and ...
Rozati Hamoun - - 2013
A 67-year-old gentleman presented with a 1-day history of left foot pain. He had recently been discharged following a coronary artery bypass graft; during the admission, he had received an intravenous heparin infusion. Examination revealed black-purple discolouration of the first and second digits of the left foot with pitting oedema ...
Dzeko Mirela - - 2013
: Aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) is a gold standard noninvasive marker of arterial stiffness. aPWV is usually obtained as carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity by measurements on the common carotid artery and the femoral artery. The carotid arteries branch slightly differently from the aorta towards the right and left side ...
Yang Feng-Yi - - 2013
This study demonstrates the feasibility of using focused ultrasound (FUS) to modulate glomerular ultrafiltration by renal artery sonication and determine if protein-creatinine ratios are estimated through vascular parameters. All animal experiments were approved by our Animal Care and Use Committee. The renal arteries of Sprague-Dawley rats were surgically exposed and ...
Choi Hyuk Jai - - 2013
A 65-year-old woman presented with left facial involuntary movement and facial palsy for eight years. Brain magnetic resonance image (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) revealed multiple vascular compression of facial nerve root exit zone (REZ). Standard retromastoid suboccipital craniectomy and arachnoid dissection were performed. Right vertebral artery (VA), left ...
Martínez-Galdámez Mario - - 2013
Purely extradural lumbar spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare lesions that have diverse presentations and imaging features. The treatment of a symptomatic high flow paraspinal AVM with multiple feeders remains a challenge. We report the first use of an Ascent balloon (dual lumen balloon catheter) to deliver Onyx with excellent ...
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