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Gómez Fabian Alejandro - - 2014
In spite of its importance as an experimental model, the information on the left coronary artery in pigs is sparse. To determine the morphologic features of the left coronary artery in pigs. We evaluated 158 pig hearts. The left coronary artery was perfused with synthetic resin after their ostia had ...
Hughes Timothy M TM Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Recent studies show that cerebral β-amyloid (Aβ) deposition is associated with blood pressure and measures of arterial stiffness in nondemented individuals. OBJECTIVE To examine the association between measures of arterial stiffness and change in Aβ deposition over time. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Deposition of Aβ was determined in a ...
de Souza Mírley Barbosa MB Laboratory of Carnivore Reproduction, Veterinary School, State University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the Doppler velocimetric pattern of the testicular artery of small dogs in two different locations. Testes of 21 dogs were evaluated by two-dimensional ultrasonography to measure testicular volume and by Doppler ultrasonography to record the velocimetric patterns of the testicular artery in the spermatic cord ...
Hsu Po-Lin PL Department of Cardiovascular Engineering, Institute of Applied Medical Engineering, Helmholtz Institute, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, - - 2014
The treatment of right ventricular failure is closely linked to effects on pulmonary vascular resistance and thus the right ventricular (RV) afterload. Medical therapy includes afterload-decreasing drugs such as nitric oxide and prostacycline. However, current devices for mechanical unloading of the right ventricle aim at a decrease in preload increasing ...
Weaver Fred A FA Division of Vascular Surgery, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST) has major implications for the future of carotid revascularization and stroke prevention. The purpose of The William Hinter Harridge Lecture was to discuss the history of carotid revascularization before CREST, to delineate the emergence of carotid artery stenting as an alternative to ...
van Wyk Stevin S Linné FLOW Centre, KTH Mechanics, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm SE-100 44, - - 2014
The identification of regions prone to atherogenesis in the arterial network is compounded by the complex, slow interaction of mechanical and biomechanical processes. In recent times simplifications to the analysis of the near wall hemodynamics have been sought-after to identify plaque prone regions. Mean parameters have been defined to analyze ...
Ishida Masaki M Department of Radiology, Mie University Hospital, Tsu, Mie, - - 2014
The assessment of luminal narrowing and altered blood flow in the coronary artery is challenging because of the small size of the vessel and the complex motion caused by cardiac contraction and respiration. Free-breathing, whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) has been introduced as a method that can provide visualization ...
Nakamura Reo R Division of Cardiovascular Center, Kouseikai Takeda Hospital, 841-5 Higashishiokoji-cho, Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto, 600-8558, Japan, - - 2014
A 50-year-old man was admitted due to effort chest pain. Coronary angiogram showed a total occlusion of LAD. The 5-French JL 3.5 was engaged into the left coronary artery. The XT-A guidewire was advanced to the distal of the occluded lesion. Contralateral angiography was performed using JL 3.5. The guiding ...
Phillips Aaron A AA University of British Columbia, Experimental Medicine, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries, University of British Columbia, Department of Medicine, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, University of British Columbia - Okanagan, Centre for Heart, Lung, and Vascular Health, Kelo, Canada, University of British Columbia, Cardiovascular Physiology and Rehabilitation Laboratory, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada ; - - 2014
After cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) orthostatic hypotension and intolerance commonly ensue. The cardiovagal baroreflex plays an important role in the acute regulation of blood pressure (BP), and is associated with the onset of presyncope. The cardiovagal baroreflex is dysfunctional after SCI, however this may be influenced by either increased ...
Polak Joseph F JF From the Department of Radiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA (J.F.P.); Department of Neurology, University of Miami, FL (R.L.S.); Division of Cardiology (W.S.P.) and Department of Medicine (W.S.P., D.V.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Department of Neurology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC (M.K.A.); and Department of Radiology, Saint Elizabeth's Medical Center, Brighton, MA - - 2014
The common carotid artery interadventitial diameter is measured on ultrasound images as the distance between the media-adventitia interfaces of the near and far walls. It is associated with common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and left ventricular mass and might therefore also have an association with incident stroke. We studied 6255 ...
Shimoda Yoshiteru Y Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan; Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital Organization Sendai Medical Center, Sendai, - - 2014
Recurrent vasospasm of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) is extremely rare, and optimal management is unclear. A 25-year-old woman developed transient dysarthria and left-sided hemiparesis. Initial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed spotty acute infarction in the right temporal lobe, and MR angiography revealed right ICA occlusion. ICA occlusion was ...
Jose Bipin B Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, 110029, - - 2014
To compare the performance of two new generation pulse oximeters, one with enhanced signal extraction technology (SET) and other without enhanced SET in detecting hypoxemia and to correlate it with arterial blood gas analysis. Forty-eight patients, admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a teritiary care teaching hospital in ...
Zenati Marco A MA Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Surgical Service, Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare - - 2014
The Randomized Endo-vein Graft Prospective (REGROUP) trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01850082) is a randomized, intent-to-treat, 2-arm, parallel-design, multicenter study funded by the Cooperative Studies Program (CSP No. 588) of the US Department of Veterans Affairs. Cardiac surgeons at 16 Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers with technical expertise in performing both endoscopic vein harvesting ...
Pu Jun J Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York; Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, New - - 2014
Three intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) signatures have been associated with coronary artery disease instability: echo-attenuation, intraplaque echolucent zone, and spotty calcification. We sought to investigate the substrates responsible for these IVUS signatures in a relatively large series of postmortem human coronary samples. The exact mechanisms and pathologic correlates underlying echo-attenuation, an ...
Spriet M M Department of Surgical and Radiological - - 2014
Injection of the median artery of horses leads to better distribution and persistence of mesenchymal stem cells than intra-venous regional limb perfusion. Due to technical difficulties, intra-arterial injections thus far have only been performed under general anaesthesia. Experimental study. To assess the feasibility of injection of the median artery in ...
Cornelis I I Department of Medicine and Clinical Biology of Small Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820, Merelbeke, - - 2014
A three-year-old neutered male whippet was presented with intermittent, exercise-induced paraparesis. Femoral pulses were bilaterally absent. Neurologic examination was suggestive of a thoracolumbar myelopathy. Blood pressure measurements revealed hypotension in both pelvic limbs, hypertension in the right thoracic limb and it was immeasurable in the left thoracic limb. Echocardiography was ...
Ann Soe Hee SH Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South - - 2014
We tried to determine the effect of stent balloon inflation time on stent expansion and apposition using optical coherence tomography. Second-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have thin struts; however, inflation times for optimal stent expansion and apposition are unknown in vivo. Subjects included 17 patients (18 de novo coronary artery lesions), ...
Nakazato Kazuhiko K Department of Cardiology and Hematology, Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikariga-oka, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan, - - 2014
A 70-year-old man underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) at the just proximal site of left anterior descending coronary artery. Six months after SES implantation, he suffered from late stent thrombosis. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images demonstrated positive remodeling of the vessel, indicating late-acquired incomplete stent apposition (ISA). ...
Liang Haihai H 1] Department of Pharmacology (State-Province Key Laboratories of Biomedicine-Pharmaceutics of China, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Research, Ministry of Education), Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150081, P. R. China - - 2014
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, and high lethality fibrotic lung disease characterized by excessive fibroblasts proliferation and extracellular matrix accumulation and, ultimately, loss of lung function. Although dysregulation of some miRNAs has been shown to play important roles in the pathophysiological processes of IPF, the role of ...
Matsukawa Kanji K Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima - - 2014
Our laboratory has suggested that central command provides selective inhibition of the cardiomotor component of aortic baroreflex at the start of exercise, preserving carotid sinus baroreflex. It is postulated that central command may modify the signal transduction of aortic baroreceptors, so as to decrease aortic baroreceptor input to the cardiovascular ...
Kim Jongmin J Department of Life Systems Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul 140-742, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease characterized by the vascular remodeling of the pulmonary arterioles, including formation of plexiform and concentric lesions comprised of proliferative vascular cells. Clinically, PAH leads to increased pulmonary arterial pressure and subsequent right ventricular failure. Existing therapies have improved the outcome but mortality ...
Ulrich Timothy J B TJ Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Case This case report is of a 39 (4/7)weeks infant who presented at the time of birth with an immobile, cyanotic right upper extremity consistent with ischemia but without evidence of gangrene. Doppler examination identified pulses in the axillary but not the brachial or radial arteries. Extremity arterial ultrasound confirmed the ...
Mrak Goran G *Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Hospital Centre Zagreb- Rebro, School of Medicine Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; ‡Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, - - 2014
We report an unusual case of complex giant and large fusiform aneurysms not amenable for clipping or coiling in a 4-year-old child managed with aneurysm resection and radial artery interposition graft. A 4-year-old child presented with repeated severe headache and vomiting. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetic resonance angiography ...
Stecher David D From the Departments of *Cardiothoracic Surgery, †Cardiology, and ‡Experimental Cardiology, Heart and Lungs Division, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
This pilot study evaluates the anastomotic healing of the Excimer Laser Assisted Nonocclusive Anastomosis coronary connector at 6 months in a porcine off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) model. Left internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending coronary artery bypass in two animals and left internal thoracic artery to left anterior ...
Bolukbasi Yasemin - - 2014
Aims and background. To investigate the objective utility of our clinical routine of reproducible deep-inspiration breath-hold irradiation for left-sided breast cancer patients on reducing cardiac exposure. Methods and study design. Free-breathing and reproducible deep-inspiration breath-hold scans were evaluated for our 10 consecutive left-sided breast cancer patients treated with reproducible deep-inspiration ...
Nappi Francesco - - 2014
Synthetic materials used for pulmonary autograft (PA) reinforcement in the Ross procedure fail to match the demand for structural growth, have only a limited longevity, and do not guarantee adequate vascular compliance in high-pressure load systems. The study aim was to develop a resorbable reinforcement of a PA, tailored to ...
Truong Tan T Graduate Group in Vision Science, University of California, Berkeley, - - 2014
We have recently provided evidence showing that luminal lymphatic valves are formed right after the onset of corneal inflammatory lymphangiogenesis (LG). The purpose of this study was to further characterize the long-term time course, spatial distribution, directional orientation, and functional implications of the valve formation in relation to corneal LG. ...
Antonova N N Department of Biomechanics, Institute of Mechanics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, - - 2014
The results for blood flow in the carotid artery bifurcation on the basis of numerical simulation of Navier-Stokes equations are presented in this study. Four cases of carotid bifurcation are considered: common carotid artery (CCA) bifurcation without stenoses and with one, two and three stenoses are presented too. The results ...
Matsubara Shigeki S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, - - 2014
The typical uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (UAP) manifests as postpartum or postabortal hemorrhage after traumatic delivery (usually cesarean section) or dilatation and curettage (D&C) (1-3). During these "traumatic events", the uterine artery is injured. The injured part is covered by surrounding tissues, making an aneurysmal structure (pseudoaneurysm) with its lumen connecting ...
Gomez-Lara Josep J Department of Interventional Cardiology, Heart Disease Institute, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, - - 2014
Aims: Chronic total occlusions (CTO) are the final stage of atherosclerosis. Occluded coronary arteries have large plaque burden and negative remodelling. The aim of this study was to assess lumen and vessel changes of segments located distal to successfully recanalised CTO. Methods and results: Ninety-one CTO treated with drug-eluting stents ...
Taniguchi Norimasa N Department of Cardiology, Sakurakai Takahashi Hospital, 5-18-1 Oikecho, Sumaku, Kobe, Hyogo, 654-0026, - - 2014
An 88-year-old woman underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to treat circulatory collapse with severe stenosis in the distal left main coronary artery (LMCA). After 3.5/18-mm stent deployment from the LMCA to the left anterior descending artery (LAD), coronary perforation occurred in the LAD ostium. Therefore, we implanted a polytetrafluoroethylene ...
Kaku Yuji Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Here we report a neonatal case of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection with left lung agenesis. Diagnostic imaging demonstrated that the left pulmonary veins were totally absent and the right pulmonary veins connected with the common pulmonary chamber. Drainage from the common pulmonary venous chamber entered the persistent left suerior ...
Lilly Scott M SM Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Ohio State University Heart and Vascular Center, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
A low ankle-brachial index is associated with cardiovascular disease and reduced arterial compliance. A high ankle-brachial index is also associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. We tested the hypothesis that subjects with a high ankle-brachial index demonstrate a lower arterial compliance. In addition, we assessed whether pulse pressure ...
Aktan İkiz Z Aslı ZA Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, İzmir-Turkey. - - 2014
Left atrium (LA) and left atrial pulmonary venous anatomy have clinical importance for atrial fibrillation (AF) and cardiac tumor surgery. A detailed anatomic knowledge of these structures may faciliate clinical evaluations. The aim of this study was to assess LA size and to demonstrate other anatomic features of LA with ...
Gilleard Onur O Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, West Sussex, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The nose is one of the most important aesthetic units of the face. Following traumatic amputation, although technically very challenging, replantation is undoubtedly the procedure of choice. We present the first successful replantation of a partially amputated nose subjected to an ischaemic time of over 12 h. The injury was sustained ...
Lee Jong Hun JH Department of Radiology, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine; Daegu, Korea - - - 2014
The cerebral protection device (CPD) itself may cause complications, including locking between the CPD and other devices, that may result in catastrophic outcomes requiring surgical removal of these locked devices. We describe a case of locking between a CPD and the stent-delivering catheter during carotid artery stenting, which was safely ...
Murai Yasuo Y Department of Neurosurgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To understand the relationship between the parent artery and its distal arteries, blood vessels running through the subarachnoid space need to be extensively dissected, which is time-consuming. We examined the efficacy of temporary clipping with the indocyanine green (ICG) technique (target-controlled infusion (TCI) technique), in which the parent artery is ...
Mamas Mamas A MA Manchester Heart Centre, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Biomedical Research Centre, Manchester, United - - 2014
Transradial (TR) coronary intervention is associated with fewer access-site-related bleeding complications and is independently associated with a lower risk of mortality following PCI compared to procedures undertaken through the femoral route. However, recent studies that have undertaken imaging of the radial artery through the use of IVUS and OCT, as ...
Dahdouh Ziad S ZS Department of Cardiology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Caen, Caen, - - 2014
The accordion phenomenon is a well-known finding mechanism in the field of interventional cardiology. It is a benign condition and has mainly been described in tortuous coronary arteries during percutaneous coronary interventions. It is believed to be induced by a stiff guidewire. However, this phenomenon has not been observed previously ...
Pietryga Jason A JA From the Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, DUMC 3808, Durham, NC - - 2014
Purpose To determine whether the use of a multiple arterial phase imaging technique provides adequate image quality in patients experiencing transient severe motion (TSM) in the arterial phase on abdominal magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained with gadoxetate disodium. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review ...
Li Shan-Shan SS Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Harbin medical University, China; Department of Biopharmaceutical Key Laboratory of Heilongjiang Province, 157 Baojian Road, Nangang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang, 150081, PR - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is associated with sustained vasoconstriction, profound structural remodeling of vasculatures and alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis in arterial smooth muscle cells (SMCs), while the underlying mechanisms are still elusive. By regulating the expression of proteins, microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to play an important role in cell fates ...
Oldan Jorge Daniel JD From the Departments of *Radiology, and †Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
A case of pulmonary vein stenosis as a result of prior atrial fibrillation focus procedures for atrial fibrillation, correlated with magnetic resonance (MR) pulmonary angiography, is presented. Restricted flow to the right lung in similar quantities measured by nuclear medicine and MR techniques is observed, with perfusion scintigraphy demonstrating decreased ...
Ayling Oliver - - 2014
Traumatic superficial temporal artery (STA) pseudoaneurysm is a rare clinical entity that typically presents after a short delay following blunt trauma. Diagnosis should be made primarily upon history and physical examination while duplex ultrasound is an appropriate adjunct for confirmation and preoperative planning. Optimal management of traumatic STA pseudoaneurysm is ...
Hagiwara Yoshihiro Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, 1-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8574, Japan, - - 2014
Poor posture is strongly related to scapular kinematics and shoulder diseases. The purpose of this study was to clarify the blood flow changes of the anterior and posterior humeral circumflex arteries in reference to the scapular position and to clarify anatomical features related to the changes in blood flow. Cadaveric ...
Yu Alice - - 2014
Over 100 million women currently use oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) worldwide. However, little is known about the effects of OCPs on arterial stiffness and hemodynamics. Furthermore, whether arterial stiffness and hemodynamics vary throughout the natural menstrual cycle remains controversial. Herein, we estimated the effect of the natural menstrual cycle and ...
Sasikumar Navaneetha N Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery and Cardiology, Frontier Lifeline Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
A four-year-old girl presented with superior vena cava (SVC) type of sinus venosus defect, right upper pulmonary vein draining into right SVC-right atrium junction, left upper lobe pulmonary veins draining into the lower part of persistent left SVC (LSVC), and a patent ductus arteriosus. The anomalous pulmonary venous drainage to ...
Arbeille Philippe P Medicine Physiologie Spatiale (UMPS-CERCOM) University Hospital Trousseau, Tours, - - 2014
The objective was to check if 520 days in confinement (MARS 500), may affect the main peripheral arterial diameter and wall thickness and the main vein size. Common carotid (CC) femoral artery (FA) portal vein (PV), jugular (JG), femoral vein (FV) and tibial vein were assessed during MARS 500 by ...
Cho Young Dae YD Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-744, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the interobserver and intermodality agreement in the interpretation of time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) for the follow-up of coiled intracranial aneurysms with the Enterprise stent. Two experienced neurointerventionists independently reviewed the follow-up MRA studies of 40 consecutive patients with 44 coiled aneurysms. ...
Rothman Alex M K AM Department of Cardiovascular Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United - - 2014
MicroRNA (miRNA) are short noncoding RNA that regulate gene expression by inhibiting translation or promoting degradation of target mRNA. miRNA are key regulators of a wide range of cellular processes and their discovery has revolutionized our understanding of gene regulatory networks. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a debilitating and fatal ...
Pero Guglielmo G Department of Neuroradiology, Ospedale Niguarda Ca' Granda, Milano, - - 2014
We report three cases of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) of the cavernous sinus treated by Onyx injection through the superior pharyngeal branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery. The treatment of choice of DAVFs of the cavernous sinus is endovascular, and it is preferentially done via transvenous occlusion of the cavernous ...
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