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Yu Alice - - 2014
Over 100 million women currently use oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) worldwide. However, little is known about the effects of OCPs on arterial stiffness and hemodynamics. Furthermore, whether arterial stiffness and hemodynamics vary throughout the natural menstrual cycle remains controversial. Herein, we estimated the effect of the natural menstrual cycle and ...
Sasikumar Navaneetha N Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery and Cardiology, Frontier Lifeline Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
A four-year-old girl presented with superior vena cava (SVC) type of sinus venosus defect, right upper pulmonary vein draining into right SVC-right atrium junction, left upper lobe pulmonary veins draining into the lower part of persistent left SVC (LSVC), and a patent ductus arteriosus. The anomalous pulmonary venous drainage to ...
Arbeille Philippe P Medicine Physiologie Spatiale (UMPS-CERCOM) University Hospital Trousseau, Tours, - - 2014
The objective was to check if 520 days in confinement (MARS 500), may affect the main peripheral arterial diameter and wall thickness and the main vein size. Common carotid (CC) femoral artery (FA) portal vein (PV), jugular (JG), femoral vein (FV) and tibial vein were assessed during MARS 500 by ...
Cho Young Dae YD Department of Radiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 110-744, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the interobserver and intermodality agreement in the interpretation of time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography (MRA) for the follow-up of coiled intracranial aneurysms with the Enterprise stent. Two experienced neurointerventionists independently reviewed the follow-up MRA studies of 40 consecutive patients with 44 coiled aneurysms. ...
Kanatani Takako T Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe Rosai Hospital, 4-1-23, Kagoike-dori, Chuo-ku, Kobe 651-0053, Japan. - - 2014
Anatomical abnormalities in the lower limb vessels are uncommon. However, the preoperative evaluation of the anatomical variations is very important for planning the operation procedure to prevent jeopardizing the donor leg. In this case report, a 23-year-old Asian woman who was scheduled to have vascularized free fibula transplantation for reconstruction ...
Zhang Pu P Department of Ultrasonography, ChaoYang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the applicability of echo tracking to evaluation of common carotid artery wall elasticity in smokers and the effects of hypertension, hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia on common carotid artery wall elasticity in smokers. Subjects were divided into three groups based on smoking status and ...
Aiyagari Ranjit R Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Mich. Electronic address: - - 2013
To compare the interstage cardiac catheterization hemodynamic and angiographic findings between shunt types for the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial. The trial, which randomized subjects to a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) or right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt (RVPAS) for the Norwood procedure, demonstrated the RVPAS was associated with a ...
Karia Priyesh Ashok PA Division of Biomedical Sciences, St. George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
In anterior ankle arthroscopy, the anterior working area (AWA) is restricted by the presence of the dorsalis pedis artery (DPA) and tendons. Pseudoaneurysms caused by iatrogenic damage to the DPA are difficult to identify intraoperatively. In knee arthroscopy, risk of popliteal artery damage is reduced in the flexed position [1]. ...
Hosokawa Seiki - - 2013
Scanning timing for multi-detector row computed tomography during thoracic aortography (MDCT-TA) was explored for depiction of arteries responsible for hemoptysis. The mean time (MT) from contrast medium (CM) injection to peak enhancement (PE) in the descending aorta at the level of the diaphragm on thoracic aortography was investigated. The MT ...
Tarumi Takashi - - 2013
Midlife vascular disease risk is a strong risk factor for late-life dementia. Central arterial stiffness, a hallmark of vascular aging, is associated with accelerated brain aging and cognitive decline. Habitual aerobic exercise is an effective lifestyle strategy to reduce central arterial stiffness and is related to lower risk of cognitive ...
McMahon Colin J - - 2013
A male infant was born at 28 weeks gestation weighing 850 g. He was diagnosed with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect and major aorto-pulmonary collaterals with severely hypoplastic true pulmonary arteries. A 3.5 mm Gore-Tex central shunt was anastomosed from the ascending aorta to the main pulmonary artery at 4 ...
Talwar Sachin S Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: - - 2013
A simplified technique to fix the commissural pillar of the pulmonary valve at the time of right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction during the arterial switch operation is presented.
Janjua Nazli N Asia Pacific Comprehensive Stroke Institute, Claremont, CA, USA ; Department of Radiology, Lutheran Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, - - 2013
Neurovascular stents have revolutionized the endovascular treatment of wide-necked and fusiform aneurysms; however, potential in-stent thrombosis-resulting in devastating strokes-complicates their use. Interventionalists using these devices must be aware of treatment options for such events. We present the case of a 46-year-old man who underwent stent-supported embolization of an incidental basilar ...
Solan Shweta S Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kallinga Institute of Medical Sciences , Patia, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India - - 2013
Variations in the arterial system of the upper limb have been well documented. A thorough knowledge on variations of arteries of upper extremity is necessary during performance of vascular and reconstructive surgeries and also, during evaluation of angiographic images. A case of accessory superficial ulnar artery was reported. The ulnar ...
- - 2013
No tangible advantage over heparin therapy followed by a vitamin K antagonist, in an unblinded trial.
Jin Hengwei - - 2013
To investigate warning effect of serum miRNA for intracranial aneurysm rupture through microarray hybridization. 24 were selected from 560 patients in our department and divided into group A, B, C and D. They are aneurysms with daughter aneurysms group, aneurysm without daughter aneurysms group, ruptured aneurysms group and angiography negative ...
Dos Santos Pedro Reck - - 2013
In vivo lung perfusion (IVLP) is an emergent strategy to treat lung metastases because it allows localized delivery of chemotherapy with minimal systemic exposure. Previously, short-term (±30 minutes) IVLP resulted in variable efficacy and significant lung toxicity. We hypothesize that a modified IVLP strategy derived from an ex vivo lung perfusion technique ...
Pretto Jeffrey J - - 2013
Pulse oximetry provides a simple, non-invasive approximation of arterial oxygenation in a wide variety of clinical settings including emergency and critical-care medicine, hospital-based and ambulatory care, perioperative monitoring, inpatient and outpatient settings, and for specific diagnostic applications. Pulse oximetry is of utility in perinatal, paediatric, adult and geriatric populations but ...
Kraft Peter - - 2013
A 12-year-old girl presented with headache, nausea, decreased level of consciousness, and diplopia. Brain MRI, arteriography (figure e-1 on the Neurology® Web site at www.neurology.org), vasculitic markers, and CSF were normal, as were EEGs and ECGs. Transcranial color-coded ultrasonography of the basilar artery revealed typical musical murmurs ("seagull cry") indicative ...
He Fan - - 2013
In this paper, the effects of arterial length on pulse wave propagation are presented to validate our fluid-structure interaction model. Three models, called the original, lengthened and shortened artery models, were obtained by changing arterial length. The results show that there is an obvious time delay between the velocity waveforms ...
Paulusova Eva - - 2013
Reversed blood flow has been reported in the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in 92% of healthy term newborns at 2 h of age. By 24 h after birth the end-diastolic velocity became positive in all of the infants. To characterize hemodynamic changes in the coeliac artery and superior mesenteric artery in healthy ...
Robertson Claire C Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of California, Irvine, 2121 Engineering Hall, Irvine, CA 92617, USA; The Edwards Lifesciences Center for Advanced Cardiovascular Technology, University of California, Irvine, - - 2013
The mechanical behavior of an atherosclerotic plaque may encode information about the type, composition, and vulnerability to rupture. Human arterial segments with varying plaque burden were analyzed ex vivo with optical coherence tomography (OCT) to determine plaque type and to determine compliance during pulsatile inflation in their native geometry. Calcifications ...
Parsa Pouria P Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, Sulpizio Cardiovascular Center, 7404 Medical Center Drive, Mail Code 7403, La Jolla, CA - - 2013
Intraoperative assessment of arterial repairs can be performed using angiography or ultrasound techniques. Duplex ultrasound is an accurate technique to image and assess the hemodynamics of repaired arteries using color and pulsed Doppler velocity spectra recordings. Procedure-specific interpretation criteria should be used to determine the technical adequacy of carotid artery ...
Ried Michael - - 2013
Both sildenafil and bosentan have been used clinically to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension. As these substances target different pathways to modulate vasoconstriction, we investigated the combined effects of both drug classes in isolated human pulmonary vessels. Segments of pulmonary arteries (PA) and veins (PV) were harvested from 51 patients undergoing ...
Marcano Sanz Luis - - 2013
Anomalous origin of a left pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a very uncommon congenital cardiac malformation. Different surgical techniques have been employed. The direct implantation has been the strategy of choice. However, postoperative restenosis across the anastomotic site is frequently observed. We present a case in which a ...
Wunderlich Nina C - - 2013
Although the prevalence of rheumatic fever is decreasing in developed countries, it still affects numerous areas in the nonindustrialized world. Untreated mitral stenosis (MS) contributes to a significant global morbidity and mortality. Echocardiography is the main diagnostic imaging modality with which to evaluate mitral valve (MV) obstruction and assess the severity ...
Kröner Eleanore S J - - 2013
To evaluate the regional association between vessel wall morphology [i.e. cross-sectional vessel wall area (VWA)] and function [i.e. wall stiffness expressed in the pulse wave velocity (PWV)] in both the aortic arch and the left carotid artery. Thirty-two healthy volunteers (mean age 41 ± 16 years) underwent 3T MRI examination to assess PWV ...
Abdi-Ali Ahmed - - 2013
Abstract Vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased arterial stiffness. We sought to clarify the influence of vitamin D in modulating angiotensin II-dependent arterial stiffness. Thirty-six healthy subjects (33 ± 2 years, 67% female, mean 25-hydroxyvitamin D 69 ± 4 nmol/L) were studied in high salt balance. Arterial stiffness, expressed as brachial pulse wave velocity ...
Shellock Frank G - - 2013
Coronary artery stents are made from metallic mesh and, therefore, to ensure patient safety, these implants must be evaluated to determine risks associated with MRI. Recently, bioabsorbable scaffolds, which have metallic markers, have been developed for use in the coronary arteries. Because of the metallic materials, these implants may present ...
Matsubara Shigeki - - 2013
I read the article by Kim and Lee, "Uterine compression suture with intrauterine balloon" (1). To achieve hemostasis for postpartum hemorrhage, they placed intrauterine balloon catheter (Foley catheter), and importantly, placed compression suture at the caudal, and not cephalad, side of the uterus, which reduced balloon movement or prevented its ...
Shen Ching-Hui - - 2013
A 7-day-old male infant with membranous pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) underwent hybrid pulmonary valvotomy. Access was via median sternotomy guided by intra-operative epicardial ultrasonography. After puncturing the atretic pulmonary valve, a 6 mm Wanda balloon catheter was inflated to dilate the atretic valve. Adequate valve movement with antegrade ...
Damianou Christakis - - 2013
The potential of magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) combined with the thrombolytic drug recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) to dissolve clots in the carotid of a New Zealand rabbit in vivo is evaluated. A spherically focused transducer of 5-cm diameter, focusing at 10 cm and operating at 1 MHz, was used. A ...
Chang Hsien-Cheng - - 2013
The average time spent playing video games is increasing. Prolonged immobility associated with gaming may therefore be an important risk factor for venous thromboembolism. We report a case of deep vein thrombosis associated with prolonged playing of PlayStation® games. A 31-year-old Caucasian man, an exterior painter, presented with a three-day ...
van de Laar Roel J - - 2013
To investigate whether time spent watching television (a marker of sedentary behaviour) is associated with arterial stiffness, a major determinant of cardiovascular disease, and whether any such association could be explained by related deleterious levels of habitual physical activity (HPA) and/or other lifestyle and biological risk factors. Prospective measures (ages ...
Zhao Fu-Hai - - 2013
To examine the effect of the zedoary essential component-eluting stent (ZES) on a porcine coronary neointimal formation. ZES, sirolimus-eluting stents (SES), and bare metal stents (BMS) were randomly implanted in three different major epicardial vessels in 36 balloon-injured pigs. Coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, and histomorphological analysis were used to ...
Makhlouf F - - 2013
Traumatic internal carotid artery dissection may result from a direct blow to anterolateral aspect of the neck, or an extreme extension and rotation of the neck. Traumas involved are variable ranging from high speed motor vehicle accident to trivial traumas. The most frequent presentations of carotid artery dissection are stroke, ...
Feng Lei - - 2013
This study aimed to establish a minimally invasive and easily controllable focal cerebral ischemia model in rabbits using interventional techniques for use in the study of thrombolytic treatment, and to evaluate the feasibility and reproducibility of the technique. Under the guidance of digital subtraction angiography (DSA), focal cerebral infarction was ...
Zhang Chenyun - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and effectiveness of a novel method for the selective transcoronary closure of small coronary arteries by the intraluminal application of radiofrequency (RF) energy. Twenty-six small (diameter of 1-2 mm) coronary artery branches were selected in 13 dogs. An RF electrode ...
Sayed Ahmed - - 2013
We report a 70-year-old female who complained of shortness of breath and a pulsating suprasternal lump. CT scan showed innominate artery dilatation. In addition, operative exposure showed tortuous arteries and a common origin of the left common carotid and innominate arteries. Surgical correction by innominate artery division and reimplantation at ...
Bortone Alessandro Santo - - 2013
The stent graft is a noncompliant system inserted in a semi-compliant structure. This generates a mismatch. The media also shows a composite movement and is oriented 45° resulting in an arterial spiral movement that contributes to maintaining the clockwise orientation of laminar flow with an 80° deflection. Our multilayer stent ...
Boutouyrie Pierre - - 2013
Epidemiological studies have highlighted the role of arterial stiffness as a risk factor for development of cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Moreover, aortic stiffness has been shown to be a significant predictive factor of all-cause and CV mortality in different populations including patients with end-stage renal disease. Pulse-wave velocity (PWV) is the ...
Zarzecka Anna - - 2013
Intracranial aneurysms in children and adolescents are uncommon; they account for 0.5% to 4.6% of the total intracranial aneurysms cases. A 15-year-old boy presented with a 6-month history of occipital headache that worsened over time. A magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a giant, fusiform aneurysm of the V4 segment of ...
Kim Sae Hoon - - 2013
Heavy backpacks are often used in extreme environments, for example by military during combat, therefore completion of tasks quickly and efficiently is of operational relevance. The purpose of this study was to quantify hemodynamic parameters (brachial artery Doppler and microvascular flow by photoplethysmography; tissue oxygenation by near-infrared spectroscopy; arterial oxygen ...
Siasos Gerasimos - - 2013
Smoking is associated with impaired vascular function. Concord grape juice (CGJ), a rich source of flavonoids, can modify cardiovascular risk factors. Endothelial function and arterial stiffness are surrogate markers of arterial health. We examined the impact of CGJ on arterial wall properties in healthy smokers. We studied the effect of ...
Martin Romain - - 2013
Accurate evaluation of aortic root geometry is necessary in congenital aortic valve lesions in children, to guide surgical or angiographical intervention. To compare aortic annulus diameters measured by two- and three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D- and 3D-TTE), to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of 3D imaging and assess the dynamic changes ...
Babiker M Haithem - - 2013
Endovascular coiling is the most common treatment for cerebral aneurysms. During the treatment, a sequence of embolic coils with different stiffness, shapes, sizes, and lengths is deployed to fill the aneurysmal sac. Although coil packing density has been clinically correlated with treatment success, many studies have also reported success at ...
Xie Zuo-Ping ZP Department of Diagnostic Ultrasound, Shaoxing Women and Children's Hospital, Shaoxing, Zhejiang, - - 2013
: To establish the reference range of the angle between ascending aorta and main pulmonary artery of fetus in the second and third trimester using spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC), and to investigate the value of this angle in prenatal screening of conotruncal defects (CTDs). Volume images of 311 normal fetuses ...
Quinn Colin - - 2013
A 32-year-old mechanic developed severe left neck pain at work. Two days later, he experienced left arm weakness, particularly shoulder and elbow flexion; after another 2 days, he noted numbness at the left jaw angle. Examination revealed weakness in the C5 myotome, absent biceps reflex, but no facial or jaw ...
Wang Yong - - 2013
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a debilitating condition with progressive remodeling of the pulmonary resistance vessels. PAH is characterized by multifocal, polyclonal lesions inhabited by cells that underwent phenotypic transition, resulting in altered cell proliferation and contractility, ultimately resulting in increased vascular resistance. Diagnosis of PAH is confounded by the ...
Gupta A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Intraplaque hemorrhage in carotid artery atherosclerotic plaque has been shown to be a marker of risk, associated with prior and future ischemic events, and has been associated with regions of intraplaque high-intensity signal on 3D-TOF MRA. We assessed the association of intraplaque high-intensity signal determined on 3D-TOF MRA ...
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