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Ketel I J - - 2010
CONTEXT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and obesity are associated with cardiovascular disease, but it is unclear to what extent they contribute independently. Arterial stiffness might link obesity and PCOS to cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate whether PCOS in the presence or absence of obesity is linked with ...
Vlachopoulos Charalambos - - 2010
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease both in the general and pediatric population and has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Arterial function and early atherosclerotic changes are markers of cardiovascular disease and independent predictors of the corresponding risk. Through a global approach, we investigated ...
Reis Jared P - - 2010
To determine the association of coffee, decaffeinated coffee, caffeine, and tea consumption in young adulthood with the presence and progression of coronary artery calcified (CAC) plaque and carotid intima-media thickness later in life. The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study is a cohort of 5115 white and ...
Stapleton Claire H - - 2010
Case studies reporting aneurysm formation in the axillary artery have been described in overhead throwing athletes, possibly due to repetitive arterial compression by the humeral head that has been transiently observed during sonographic diagnostic arm manoeuvres. Whether compression negatively alters arterial health has not been investigated and was the focus ...
Chiu Yi-Wen - - 2010
Correction of metabolic acidosis is an important goal in the management of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, there is no consensus as to what constitutes an optimal correction of metabolic acidosis in this setting - various expert groups from around the world have set different goals for serum ...
Cagirci Goksel - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the most common valvular heart disease in the western world, and in adults is invariably caused by the calcification of a normal tricuspid or congenital bicuspid valve. Calcific AS, as an active disease process, is characterized by lipid accumulation, ...
Gallo Lisa M - - 2010
To determine if lipoprotein particle abnormalities correlate with arterial stiffness in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this case-control study, we evaluated 70 children, 35 with T1D and 35 controls, ages 10-18 years, matched for age, sex, race, and BMI. Arterial stiffness was assessed by radial tonometry (AI75) and ...
Crilly M A - - 2010
The onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be associated with constitutional symptoms. Systemic inflammation may be a common factor behind such symptoms and the subsequent development of arterial disease. The aim of this study was to determine if a relationship exists between constitutional symptoms and arterial stiffness. We recruited 103 ...
Wanahita Nikolas - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in active New York City police officers as detected by coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring. METHODS: We assessed 2064 New York City police officers who underwent electron beam computed tomography for quantification of CAC. RESULTS: The mean age of study ...
Reynolds Harmony R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). Patients with ischemia as the cause of LVSD may warrant revascularization. Angiography is the most accurate method of CAD diagnosis but is invasive, expensive, and associated with some risk. Noninvasive imaging for CAD often ...
Niccoli Giampaolo - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Cytotoxic associated gene-A (CagA)-positive strains of Helicobacter pylori emerged as a possible atherosclerotic stimulus. Nevertheless, whether CagA-positivity is associated with more extensive or severe atherosclerotic coronary burden has never been studied. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and twenty consecutive patients with normal coronary arteries undergoing ...
Perna Michelle - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is independently associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and premature arterial stiffening. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and homocysteine are mechanistically interrelated mediators of endothelial dysfunction and correlates of atherosclerosis in the general population. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of ADMA and homocysteine to ...
Tsuchikura Shoko - - 2010
AIM: Stiffness of the central arteries plays an important role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) of the aorta has been used as the standard measure of central arterial stiffness. An automated device for brachial-ankle (ba) PWV is available, although information is limited whether baPWV ...
Montalcini Tiziana - - 2010
To investigate whether individuals affected by familial combined hyperlipidemia, a common lipid disorder increasing the cardiovascular risk, had different carotid ultrasound parameters compared to control subjects without this family disorders. 127 cases and 127 controls matched for age and gender were enrolled. Serum glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, triglycerides, ApoB, ...
Haley Andreana P - - 2010
Increased carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) is a noninvasive marker of systemic arterial disease, associated with atherosclerosis, abnormal arterial mechanics, myocardial infarction, and stroke. In the elderly, clinically elevated IMT is related to diminished attention-executive function. In this context, previous work involving paper-and-pencil measures of cognition has demonstrated that a ...
Zhang Xiaoshan - - 2010
Objective: To evaluate the value of transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) of the left anterior descending coronary for the detection of early abnormalities of coronary arteries in asymptomatic patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH). Methods: Seventeen asymptomatic patients with HoFH and 10 controls had plasma total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, ...
Wen Chaoyang - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the utility of sonography with the echo-tracking (ET) technique to assess vascular stiffness in rabbits with hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis. Grayscale sonography associated with the ET technique was used to measure the elastic modulus (Ep) of the aorta in cholesterol-fed rabbits (group T1, ...
Biere-Rafi S - - 2010
Background: Patients with haemophilia and von Willebrand disease (VWD) may have a reduced cardiovascular mortality, due to a hypocoagulable state or decreased atherogenesis. We performed a systematic review to assess the association between haemophilia and VWD, and fatal and nonfatal arterial thrombosis and asymptomatic atherosclerosis. Methods: Medline and PubMed were ...
Kim Young Dae - - 2010
Koreans have been undergoing rapid lifestyle changes that may have an effect on patterns of cerebral artery atherosclerosis. This study was aimed at determining the frequency and distribution of atherosclerosis in the cerebral arteries and associated temporal changes over the past eight-year period among Korean stroke patients. By using stroke ...
Seo Won-Woo - - 2010
Arterial stiffness has been known as an independent contributory factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is widely used as a simple noninvasive measure of arterial stiffness. The aim of our study was to test whether baPWV had predictive value for CAD in the subset of ...
Covic Adrian - - 2010
VC (vascular calcification) is highly prevalent in patients with CKD (chronic kidney disease), but its mechanism is multifactorial and incompletely understood. In addition to increased traditional risk factors, CKD patients also have a number of non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors, which may play a prominent role in the pathogenesis of arterial ...
Lavoie Andrea J - - 2010
The relation among the burden of disease, progression of atherosclerosis, and remodeling in angiographically minimally diseased coronary arteries has not been defined. The present analysis included 1,906 patients who participated in 5 prospective clinical trials examining atheroma progression using intravascular ultrasonography. For the present analysis, the patients were stratified according ...
Zhao Xihai - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have reported that carotid atherosclerosis frequently can be seen in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. This study sought to determine the prevalence of compositional features in subclinical carotid atherosclerosis by MRI in CAD patients. METHODS: Ninety-six subjects with suspected CAD but free of neurological symptoms ...
Maruyoshi Hidetomo - - 2010
Doppler imaging of ophthalmic artery (OA), the first major branch of the internal carotid artery, provides anatomical advantages due to the vertical angle to the body surface and absence of ultrasonic obstacles. It was hypothesized that the Doppler waveform indices of OA correlate with severity of systemic atherosclerosis. The study ...
Doonan Robert J - - 2010
A systematic literature review was conducted using PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library to determine the effect of acute, chronic and passive smoking on arterial stiffness and to determine whether these effects are reversible after smoking cessation. A total of 39 relevant studies were identified and included. Acute smoking was ...
Kuo Chang-Fu - - 2010
Hyperuricaemia has been linked to atherosclerosis; however, there is limited evidence about its association with arterial stiffness and cardiac hypertrophy, which are associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. We studied the association of hyperuricaemia with an increased risk of arterial stiffness and cardiac hypertrophy in a population participating in a health-screening ...
Zhang Hong - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The ankle brachial index (ABI) is a simple, inexpensive, noninvasive tool that correlates well with angiographic disease severity and functional symptoms. The aim of this study was to identify the manifestation of lower extremity atherosclerotic lesions in patients with high ABI by retrospective clinical study. METHODS: A cohort of ...
Rennenberg Roger J M W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification in humans is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk. Carboxylated matrix Gla protein (cMGP) inhibits vascular calcification. Vitamin K is an essential cofactor for the activation of uncarboxylated matrix Gla protein (ucMGP). It has been suggested that patients on long-term treatment with vitamin K antagonists develop aortic ...
Ci?ek Dilek - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of medium and large-sized arteries. Tympanosclerosis is the hyalinization and calcification of the connective tissue in the middle ear, including the tympanic membrane. The etiology and pathogenesis of tympanosclerosis are still controversial. There are some reports about the possible relationship between development of ...
Chironi Gilles N - - 2010
To test associations of circulating microparticles with large artery remodeling before atherosclerosis is detectable. In 232 untreated symptom-free individuals, we measured microparticles of various cellular origins (platelet, endothelial and leukocyte) by specific anti-GPIb (glycoprotein Ib), anti-cluster of differentiation (CD) 105 and anti-CD11a antibodies, and common carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), ...
Davis Patricia H - - 2010
Atherosclerosis begins in childhood in the distal abdominal aorta and later involves the carotid arteries. Noninvasive screening to detect these lesions may allow early intervention. Ultrasound images of the distal 10 mm of the aorta were obtained after an 8-h fast and were analyzed by an automated program to determine ...
Rosoky Ruben Miguel Ayzin - - 2010
To investigate whether oxidized low-density lipoprotein is a suitable predictor of peripheral arterial disease severity. The role of oxidized low-density lipoprotein in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis has already been investigated. Its relevance as a predictor of the appearance and worsening of coronary arterial disease is also well known. However, the ...
Cheung Yiu-Fai - - 2010
Arterial stiffness describes the rigidity of the arterial wall. Its significance owes to its relationship with the pulsatile afterload presented to the left ventricle and its implications on ventricular-arterial coupling. In adults, the contention that arterial stiffness as a marker and risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is gaining ...
Rennenberg Roger J M W - - 2010
Vascular calcification is a marker of increased cardiovascular risk. Vitamin K-dependent matrix Gla protein (MGP) is important in inhibiting calcification. Because MGP activation is vitamin K dependent, we performed a cross-sectional study investigating the relationship between the use of vitamin K antagonists and extracoronary vascular calcification. From the Dutch thrombosis ...
Vlachopoulos Charalambos - - 2010
C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is a paracrine molecule with effects on endothelial integrity, vascular tone and atherosclerotic process. Arterial stiffness, wave reflections, endothelial dysfunction and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) are predictors of cardiovascular events. We investigated whether CNP is related to arterial structure and function in men. We evaluated arterial ...
Antonini-Canterin Francesco - - 2010
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) has previously been associated with an early marker of atherosclerosis, the carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). From the ISMIR (Ispessimento Medio Intimale e Rischio cardiovascolare [media-intima thickness and cardiovascular risk]) study population of 479 asymptomatic participants, we identified 80 participants with MetS. Carotid IMT and plaques were ...
Huebner Thomas - - 2010
Cardiogoniometry (CGM), a spatiotemporal electrocardiologic 5-lead method with automated analysis, may be useful in primary healthcare for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) at rest. Our aim was to systematically develop a stenosis-specific parameter set for global CAD detection. In 793 consecutively admitted patients with presumed non-acute CAD, CGM data were ...
Cheng Victor Y - - 2010
We sought to determine significant relations between atherogenic lipoproteins and the contribution of calcified plaque (CP), mixed plaque (MP), and noncalcified plaque (NCP) to the total plaque (TP) burden in patients without previous coronary artery disease. From 823 adult patients without previously established coronary artery disease (52% receiving statin therapy, ...
Crilly Michael A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the relationship between Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) disability and arterial stiffness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A consecutive series of 114 patients with RA but without overt arterial disease, aged 40-65 years, were recruited from rheumatology clinics. A research nurse measured blood pressure (BP), ...
Zagura Maksim - - 2010
Arterial stiffening is an independent predictor for cardiovascular mortality. Preliminary studies have shown that arterial calcification may have an impact on increased vascular stiffness. However, there are limited data about the role of calcification inhibitor osteoprotegerin (OPG) as an independent predictor for arterial stiffness in patients with peripheral arterial disease ...
Rios Domingos L S - - 2010
The inflammatory process has been considered an important mediator for the development of atherosclerosis. Interleukin-1 beta (IL1B) is a precursor of interleukin-6 (IL6) in the acute phase of inflammatory response and their levels are elevated in patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of the present study was to further ...
Chong Mary F-F - - 2010
The consumption of long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFA) is known to be cardio-protective. Data on the influence of LC n-3 PUFA on arterial stiffness in the postprandial state is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of a LC n-3 PUFA-rich ...
Duran Nil?fer Ek?i - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an atherosclerotic disease associated with cardiovascular risk factors, and with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This study sought to assess the prevalence of angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD), and to determine the predictive value of traditional cardiovascular risk factors on the presence of CAD ...
Seifalian Alexander M - - 2010
Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, especially when excess body fat is distributed preferentially within the abdominal region. Obese subjects usually have increased arterial stiffness compared with non-obese subjects of similar age. The factors associated with increased arterial stiffness in obesity include endothelial dysfunction (decreased nitric oxide ...
Kaderli Aysel Aydin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Aortic distensibility (AD) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) reflect arterial stiffness, which is linked to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in different diseases such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, all of which are also common risk factors in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). In the present ...
Ghem Carine - - 2010
Bilirubin has been considered an antioxidant, with capacity to remove reactive species of oxygen. Studies have suggested that an increased bilirubin level promotes protection against atherosclerosis. The case group was composed of 100 patients with coronary artery disease and the control group 100 patients with normal coronaries. Blood samples were ...
Gunes Yilmaz - - 2010
BACKGROUND: To improve clinical outcomes, noninvasive imaging modalities have been proposed to measure and monitor atherosclerosis. Common carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) have correlated with coronary atherosclerosis. Recently, the color M-mode-derived propagation velocity of descending thoracic aorta (AVP) was shown to be associated with coronary ...
Riggio S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is an important determinant of cardiovascular risk. It is associated with several cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes and cigarette smoking. However, there are conflicting data about the relationship between arterial stiffness and hypercholesterolemia. Furthermore, augmentation index (AIx), a measure of systemic arterial stiffness, has not been ...
Wang Mingyi - - 2010
Age-associated arterial alterations in cells, matrix, and biomolecules are the foundation for the initiation and progression of cardiovascular diseases in older persons. This review focuses on the latest advances on the intertwining of aging and disease within the arterial wall at the cell and molecular levels. Endothelial dysfunction, vascular smooth ...
Miyaki Asako - - 2010
AIM: Obesity is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In addition, decreased central arterial distensibility is recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Obese subjects exhibit low arterial distensibillity; however, the mechanism responsible for the decrease in arterial distensibility in obese subjects has not ...
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