Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1343
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Y-Hassan Shams - - 2011
Several classification systems for coronary artery bifurcation lesions (CABL) have been described in the literature, but despite the commendable effort to simplify a difficult subject in interventional cardiology, all of them have certain limitations and shortcomings. The proposed Descriptive, INtelligible and Ordered (DINO) is a new descriptive and clinically oriented ...
Rennie Monique Y - - 2011
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants and the main toxicants found in cigarettes. Women are often exposed to PAHs before pregnancy, typically via prepregnancy smoking. To determine how prepregnancy exposure affects the fetoplacental vasculature of the placenta, we exposed female mice to PAHs before conception, perfused the fetoplacental ...
Slebos Dirk-Jan - - 2011
A 45-year-old woman underwent a bronchoscopy shortly after lung transplantation. The airway mucosal appearance significantly differed between both lungs, with a pale aspect of the left bronchial tree. Computed tomography (CT) and perfusion scan confirmed a left pulmonary artery stenosis, improving with conservative treatment.
Light Richard W - - 2010
An estimated 300,000 to 500,000 patients develop a pleural effusion secondary to pulmonary embolism each year in the United States. The pleural effusions due to pulmonary embolism are usually small. They occupy less than one third of the hemithorax in 90% and are frequently manifest only as blunting of the ...
Kim Eung Ju - - 2011
Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is correlated with aortic calcification (AC) and predicts coronary atherosclerosis as well as obstructive coronary artery disease (OCAD). This study aims to investigate whether AC predicts OCAD independent of CAC and its incremental value in predicting OCAD with CAC. Among the consecutive patients who underwent 64-slice ...
Coleman Mark N - - 2011
Cranial arterial patterns are commonly used for determining phylogenetic patterns in extant taxa and have often been used in studies investigating the relationships among fossil taxa. In primitive eutherians, the stapedial artery provided blood to the meninges, orbits, and certain regions of the face. In many modern mammals, however, blood ...
Wang Yun-Ying - - 2011
Background.?Accumulating evidence implicates leukocyte telomere length (LTL) shortening as a potential risk predictor for cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness chronicles the cumulative burden of cardiovascular disease risk factors. Therefore, the capacity of LTL to predict arterial stiffness was examined. Methods.?A total of 275 unrelated Chinese males: 163 patients with coronary artery ...
Epps K C - - 2011
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA₂) is at the crossroads of lipid metabolism and the inflammatory response. It is produced by inflammatory cells, bound to LDL and other lipoproteins, and once in the arterial wall facilitates hydrolysis of phospholipids. Elevated serum levels of Lp-PLA₂ have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk in ...
Konstantinidis Ioannis T - - 2010
Cholesterol crystal embolization (CCE) can result in end-organ ischemia. Retrospective review of clinicopathologic data. The first patient was anticoagulated with coumadin for chronic atrial fibrillation and presented subacutely with a solid mass. The second patient suffered from coronary artery disease post-angioplasty/stenting and presented with acute pancreatitis and pancreatic cystification. CCE ...
Bildirici Ulas - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the amount of urinary albumin concentration (UAC) or urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) is more strongly associated with angiographically documented coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 199 consecutive patients [11 9(60%) male, 80 (40%) female, mean age =57±10] undergoing ...
Villines Todd C - - 2011
Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring has been shown to be a measure of overall coronary artery disease (CAD) burden and is a well-validated screening test that significantly improves cardiovascular risk prediction in asymptomatic adults beyond that provided with standard risk factors. The absence of coronary artery calcification identifies persons at ...
Friedlander Arthur H - - 2010
A significant number of individuals die from atherosclerotic disease of the coronary and carotid arteries without having classic risk factors and prodromal symptoms. A diagonal ear lobe crease (DELC) has been characterized in the medical literature as a marker that can identify high-risk patients having occult atherosclerosis. The oral and ...
Nah Hyun-Wook - - 2010
Single small subcortical infarctions (SSSIs), so-called lacunae, are typically caused by lipohyalinosis of a perforator artery. However, SSSIs can be caused by underlying large parent arterial disease or microatheroma of the proximal portion of a perforator artery. We sought to investigate whether indicators for small vessel disease (SVD) and atherosclerosis ...
Karangelis D - - 2011
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are functionally important molecules of the arterial wall and play a crucial role in atherogenesis. Chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate proteoglycans (CS/DSPGs) participate in several biological events through their GAG chains, and are also involved in the development of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to compare the pre- ...
Akamatsu Daijirou - - 2010
Nitroglycerin-mediated vasodilatation (NMD) provides insight into the NTG-induced bioactivity of smooth muscle. It is plausible that in dysfunctional smooth muscle cells, the response to nitroglycerin may become blunted. The relationship between impaired brachial artery NMD and subsequent cardiovascular events is not well established. We examined brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) ...
Paul Timir K - - 2010
Femoral artery intima-media thickness (IMT), like carotid IMT, is a surrogate indicator of atherosclerotic coronary and peripheral vascular diseases. The Framingham risk score (FRS) is widely being used in the early prediction of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the association between FRS and femoral artery IMT has not been studied ...
Pařenica J - - 2011
A high pulse pressure (PP) is a marker of increased artery stiffness and represents a well-established independent predictor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The objective of the research was to determine whether invasively measured central aortic PP was related to the presence and severity of coronary artery disease. In total ...
Kim Tae Hyuk - - 2011
Pericardial fat surrounding the heart and coronary arteries might aggravate vessel wall inflammation and stimulate the progression of coronary atherosclerosis. However, there has been little comprehensive evaluation of the effects of pericardial fat on coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated the relationship between pericardial fat volume and the severity of ...
Szeberin Zoltán - - 2011
Fetuin-A is a glycoprotein that inhibits extraosseous and vascular calcification. Its serum level is lower in patients with atherosclerosis compared with healthy controls, but its role is unknown in aneurysmal diseases. The aim of our study was to investigate the association of serum fetuin-A levels with aortic aneurysms of different ...
Coll Blai - - 2011
Vascular calcification (VC) has a significant effect in cardiovascular diseases on dialysis patients. However, VC is assessed with x-ray-based techniques, which do not inform about calcium localization (intima, media, atherosclerosis-related). The aim of this work is to study VC and its related factors using arterial ultrasound to report the exact ...
Chen Xinzhong - - 2010
This study examined the adipocytokine-vascular interactions and link between epicardial adipose tissue and coronary artery atherosclerosis. Thirty-four patients undergoing open heart surgery were chosen randomly, and divided into group I (non-coronary artery disease group) and group II (coronary artery disease group). Blood samples were taken through peripheral vein prior to ...
Chung Christine - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) has proven to be a potential alternative to carotid endarterectomy in the treatment of severe carotid disease. Patient selection has emerged as a means of optimizing the outcomes of CAS. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the presence of preprocedural neurologic symptoms and having a history ...
Komen Niels - - 2011
Anastomotic leakage (AL) is the most feared complication of colorectal surgery. Atherosclerosis is suggested to have a detrimental effect on anastomotic healing. This study aimed to analyze the calcium score, a measure for atherosclerosis, as a risk factor for AL. The calcium scores of colorectal patients operated on in 2 ...
Zhang Yi - - 2010
To investigate the association of overall mortality with the presence and extent of cardiovascular calcifications. We investigated the association of cardiac (mitral annulus, aortic valve) and arterial calcifications (abdominal aorta, carotid and femoral arteries) by ultrasonography, with all-cause mortality in a population of 331 high-risk elderly subjects (86.8 ± 6.9 ...
Idriss Naglaa K - - 2010
It was the aim of this study to determine plasma haemoxygenase-1 (HO-1) across the spectrum of health, angina but normal coronary arteries (NCA), stable coronary artery disease (CAD), and acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and relationships with angiogenin, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1, and vascular endothelial growth factor. Plasma ...
Adji Audrey - - 2011
Arterial stiffness has been known as a sign of cardiovascular risk since the 19th century. Despite this, accurate measurement and clinical utility have only emerged in recent times. Arterial stiffness and its hemodynamic consequences are now established as predictors of adverse cardiovascular outcome. They are easily and reliably measured using ...
Watson Nora L - - 2011
Central arterial stiffness is increasingly recognized as an important predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality in older adults; however, few studies have evaluated the association of arterial stiffness with mobility decline, a common consequence of vascular disease. We analyzed the association of pulse wave velocity (PWV), a measure of aortic ...
Anderson Jennifer S - - 2010
The relation between dietary fish intake and brachial artery measures, including brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), has not been well established across sex and racial-ethnic groups. We hypothesized that consumption of nonfried fish and plasma phospholipid measures of long-chain omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids would be positively associated with larger FMD ...
Cheng Susan S Cardiology Division, GRB-800, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2010
Certain bone marrow-derived cell populations, called endothelial progenitor cells, have been reported to possess angiogenic activity. Experimental data suggest that depletion of these angiogenic cell populations may promote atherogenesis, but limited data are available on their relation to subclinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in humans. We studied 889 participants of the ...
Distiller Larry A - - 2010
Increasing numbers of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) are developing features of the metabolic syndrome. The additional effect of this on the development of atherosclerosis, as inferred by the carotid artery intima media thickness (IMT), has not previously been assessed. The aim of this study was to assess the ...
von Sarnowski Bettina - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cross-sectional studies describe a positive association between common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) and carotid plaques (CP). However, longitudinal data on the predictive value of CCA-IMT for occurrence of CP are limited. Therefore, the role of increasing CCA-IMT in the atherosclerotic process is still discussed controversially. METHODS: ...
Sola Josep - - 2011
Pulse-wave velocity (PWV) is considered as the gold-standard method to assess arterial stiffness, an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Current available devices that measure PWV need to be operated by skilled medical staff, thus, reducing the potential use of PWV in the ambulatory setting. In this paper, we ...
Nicoll Rachel - - 2010
Atheroma calcification is a common feature of advanced atherosclerosis, however with the advent of CT scanning it has become possible to detect extensive coronary calcification in the absence of flow-limiting lesions. While this phenomenon is known in renal disease, it also exists in some patients with exertional angina. Vascular pathology ...
Rennenberg Roger J M W - - 2010
Arterial calcifications as found with various imaging techniques, like plain X-ray, computed tomography or ultrasound are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The prevalence of arterial calcification increases with age and is stimulated by several common cardiovascular risk factors. In this review, the clinical importance of arterial calcification and the currently ...
Zhang Xiaoshan - - 2010
To evaluate the value of transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) of the left anterior descending coronary for the detection of early abnormalities of coronary arteries in asymptomatic patients with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH). Seventeen asymptomatic patients with HoFH and 10 controls had plasma total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides ...
Rizos Evangelos C - - 2010
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a method to estimate arterial stiffness. Statins have been shown to improve the compliance of the vasculature. We present the available data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of statin administration on arterial stiffness by measuring PWV. We considered all RCTs evaluating PWV ...
Blair Richard E - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Clinically significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in military and civilian pilots may result in disasterous consequences. Pilots with undiagnosed CAD occasionally suffer acute coronary syndrome (ACS) inflight. In single-pilot operations, ACS often ends in crew and passenger fatality. Current standards for assessing the presence of CAD are inadequate. In ...
Liu Hong - - 2010
Recent observations suggest that the atherosclerotic process may involve overexpression of ET-1, which could contribute to the formation of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present report was to examine the possible association between carotid IMT and serum ET-1 level and ET-1 expression in the internal iliac artery (IIA) wall in ...
Kim Jong-Youn - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome (MS) has been reported as a potential risk factor of coronary artery disease (CAD). The aims of this study were to assess whether there was a relationship between MS score and CAD angiographic severity, and to assess the predictive value of individual components of MS for CAD. We ...
Lee Sahmin - - 2010
Primary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD) has become a public health issue, according to increasing awareness of the substantial risks posed by asymptomatic atherosclerosis. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence and characteristics of subclinical CAD using coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA), and to evaluate the ...
Shen Tsu-Wang - - 2011
Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, particularly in patients with chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for de novo arterial stiffness in long-term dialysis patients. A total of 59 dialysis patients without ...
Makita Shinji - - 2010
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) show a much higher risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the mechanisms underlying this association and the impact of CKD on behaviors of the vascular walls have not been fully clarified. Using ultrasonography, this study investigated associations of CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 ...
Ahmadi Naser - - 2011
Impaired aortic distensibility index (ADI) is associated with cardiovascular risk factors. This study evaluates the relation of ADI measured by computed tomographic angiography (CTA) with the severity of coronary atherosclerosis in subjects with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Two hundred and twenty-nine subjects,age 63 ± 9 years, 42% female, underwent ...
Al-Mallah Mouaz H MH Division of Cardiology, Henry Ford Hospital, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA. - - 2010
Decreased arterial distensibility is an early manifestation of adverse structural and functional changes within the vessel wall. Its correlation with thoracic aortic calcium (TAC), a marker of atherosclerosis, has not been well demonstrated. We tested the hypothesis that decreasing aortic compliance and increasing arterial stiffness would be independently associated with ...
Kirhmajer Majda Vrkic - - 2011
The carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) is an established surrogate marker of vascular risk. We assessed the common femoral artery IMT and its correlation with coronary artery disease (CAD). We also assessed the influence of vascular risk factors on the femoral IMT. Patients (n = 180; mean age 60.4 ± ...
Lee Stephen Wai-Luen - - 2011
Population-based studies have demonstrated differences in intima-media thickness (IMT) measured from the left and right common carotid arteries (CCAs). However, its prognostic implications among patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD) remain unknown. Correlations between the left and right CCAs and the composite end point of cardiac death or nonfatal ...
Palmieri Vittorio - - 2011
Endothelial dysfunction may be related to increased left ventricular (LV) mass due to an association between endothelial dysfunction with increased arterial load. Therefore, we evaluated whether brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is related to global arterial load. Pulse pressure/stroke index (PP/SVi, global arterial stiffness, prognostically validated), stroke volume/PP (SV/PP, global ...
Tu Shih-Te - - 2010
We assessed the correlation between intima-media thickness (IMT) and stiffness and test whether they are independent risk factors for atherosclerotic diseases. We enrolled 2333 participants from the general population. Among the study subjects, 197 subjects had a history of stroke or myocardial infarction (MI) and were treated as patients, and ...
Pradhan-Palikhe P - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases are responsible for degradation and remodelling of extracellular matrix and exert important roles in initiation and progression of inflammatory diseases. We aimed to examine the role of Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their regulators in degenerative arterial diseases. Serum samples were collected from patients with arterial disease (n = ...
Neeb Zachary P - - 2010
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a compilation of associated risk factors, increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD, atherosclerosis), which can progress to the point of artery occlusion. Stents are the primary interventional treatment for occlusive CAD, and patients with MetS and hyperinsulinemia have increased restenosis. Because ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >