Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1346
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Uslu Nevzat - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that generalized vascular dysfunction may be the underlying cause in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) without atherosclerosis and its major risk factors. METHODS: In all, 30 outpatients with ED and 25 healthy volunteers as a control group were enrolled for this study. Aortic stiffness was calculated from ...
Ames P R J - - 2006
To explore whether antibodies against beta2-glycoprotein I (beta2GPI) complexed to 7-ketocholesteryl-9-carboxynonanoate (oxLig-1) and to oxidised low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL) relate to paraoxonase activity (PONa) and/or intima media thickness (IMT) of carotid arteries in primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS). As many as 29 thrombotic patients with PAPS, 10 subjects with idiopathic antiphospholipid antibodies ...
Hlaing WayWay M - - 2006
Most arterial stiffness studies have been conducted in adult populations as a part of the aging process in the arterial system. Arterial stiffness is an important early marker of disease identification that may lead to improved cardiovascular health. The aim of this study was to assess the gender and ethnic ...
Harris Ryan A - - 2006
To capture the response of an acute intervention, multiple post intervention measurements of flow-mediated dilation (FMD) must be performed. The effect of repetitive reactive hyperemia on endothelial function and the measurement of FMD are unknown. The purpose of this investigation was (1) to examine the effect of repetitive reactive hyperemia ...
Houslay E S - - 2006
To evaluate the effect of intensive lipid-lowering treatment on coronary artery calcification in a substudy of a trial recruiting patients with calcific aortic stenosis. In a double blind randomised controlled trial, 102 patients with calcific aortic stenosis and coronary artery calcification were randomly assigned by the minimisation technique to atorvastatin ...
Sato Eiichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A number of epidemiological studies suggest that age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and cardiovascular disease share the same risk factors. Systemic arterial stiffness is a clear indicator of cardiovascular disease. We investigated whether there is an association between directly measured systemic arterial stiffness and the presence of AMD. METHODS: We ...
Granér Marit - - 2006
The present study examined the association between carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and severity and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD). B-mode ultrasound and quantitative coronary angiography were used to assess carotid and coronary artery atherosclerosis in 108 patients with known or suspected CAD who had been referred for cardiac catheterization. ...
Dijk J M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Decreased hemoglobin levels are known to be associated with an increased risk of coronary mortality and morbidity. This is largely thought to result from the development of left ventricular hypertrophy. Similar remodeling mechanisms of the vessel wall that may result in atherosclerosis are likely to be present. We studied ...
Nasti Sabina S Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology and Laboratory of Cardiovascular Biology, Genova University School of Medicine, Genova, - - 2006
specific polymorphisms of genes regulating intracellular redox balance and oxidative stress are related to atherogenesis. Some studies have identified a relationship between progression of atherosclerosis and C242T mutation in CYBA gene coding for p22phox, a subunit of the NADH/NADPH oxidase system. we investigated whether the C242T nucleotide transition is associated ...
Agewall S - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the C34T and G468T variations in the adenosine monophosphate deaminase-1 (AMPD1) gene were associated with intima-media thickness of the carotid and brachial artery, endothelial function of the brachial artery, glucose metabolism, haemostatic variables and cardiac hypertrophy in patients (n = 109) ...
Sonmez Kenan - - 2006
Coexisting coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Clinical evaluation and noninvasive tests have some important limitations for the detection of CAD in patients with PAD. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether urinary albumin excretion ...
Norris Robert B - - 2006
This report describes a patient with coronary artery disease who was instructed to take extended-release niacin to treat low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and instead purchased "flush-free niacin" available at the pharmacy. There was no significant change in his lipids. Once the patient switched to extended-release niacin, the anticipated beneficial effects ...
Sikdar Siddhartha S Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. - - 2006
We have developed a new method of detecting coronary artery stenoses that uses Doppler ultrasound to measure minute local vibrations in the cardiac wall associated with post-stenotic flow turbulence. In this paper, we present the results of a preliminary clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of this method for detecting ...
Cooper Leslie T - - 2006
Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) is often cited as an extreme phenotype of vasculopathy and tobacco dependence. Although tobacco exposure is essential to progression of arterial ischemia in TAO, expert opinion differs regarding the degree of tobacco dependence in this population. The authors designed a prospective, case-control study to test the hypothesis ...
Cattan Valérie - - 2006
Stiffening of large arteries is considered as an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. This article summarizes recent theories on the mechanisms contributing to arterial stiffness involving extracellular matrix proteins, endothelial and smooth muscle cells, cell-matrix interactions, and genetic background. Despite the important role of genetic factors in essential hypertension, little ...
Tanriverdi Halil - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has a critical association with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and aortic stiffness are early signs of atherosclerosis. The presence of subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed in OSA patients using these parameters. METHODS: 40 patients with OSA showing ...
Balla József J Department of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Medical and Health Science Center, Debrecen, - - 2006
Soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) has been suggested as a key mediator between inflammation and atherosclerosis, and the CD40-CD40L interaction has a role in atherosclerotic lesion progression. We evaluated if platelet released serum sCD40L and sCD40 levels differ between patients with early onset occlusive carotid artery disease and age-matched controls. sCD40L ...
Kasliwal Ravi R - - 2006
BACKGROUND, Metabolic syndrome has recently emerged as a marker of future cardiovascular risk. However its incremental value for this purpose, over conventional cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes mellitus in particular, is debated. The present study was conducted to determine the extent of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with metabolic syndrome, and ...
M Hashemi; Assistant Professor, ...
Background: In young adults, a family history of premature coronary artery disease (CAD), as well as genetic and environmental factors are independent risk factors for coronary artery disease. Methods: Endothelial function was studied in 30 children (21 boys and 9 girls with mean age of 14.9 +/- 2.3 years old) ...
Hallikainen Maarit - - 2006
We investigated the effects of stanol (STAEST) and sterol esters (STEEST) on endothelial function in hypercholesterolemic subjects. In addition, associations of variables of cholesterol metabolism with endothelial function were investigated. In a double-blind randomized cross-over study (n=39) with age-matched parallel control group (n=37) the subjects consumed STAEST or STEEST spread ...
Brook Robert D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Coronary calcium score (CCS), carotid plaque area (CPA), intima-media thickness (IMT), and C-reactive protein (CRP) are independent predictors of cardiovascular prognosis. Although each test may enhance risk stratification, their comparative abilities to screen for underlying coronary stenoses in individual patients is less established. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-two patients who ...
Spoto Belinda - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the eNOS G/T polymorphism (Glu298Asp variant) is linked to the severity of carotid atherosclerosis and whether it is independent of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in determining vascular damage in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: The eNOS polymorphism, ADMA, carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), and carotid artery ...
Pasqualini Leonella - - 2005
Human serum paraoxonase-1 (PON1) is thought to play a role in the favorable vascular effects of high-density lipoproteins, mainly through a reduction in low-density lipoprotein oxidation. Endothelial dysfunction, characterized by an impaired capacity of the arteries to dilate in response to a number of stimuli, represents the earliest stage of ...
Seo Hye-Sun - - 2005
We sought to determine whether insulin resistance (IR) is related to arterial stiffness in nondiabetic hypertensive patients, independent of metabolic status and gender. IR has been associated with increased arterial stiffness in patients with diabetes. In nondiabetic hypertensive patients, the correlation between IR and arterial stiffness has yet to be ...
Wyler von Ballmoos Moritz - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) and apolipoprotein B100 (apoB) are both involved in receptor-mediated uptake of atherogenic lipoproteins by the liver. Inefficient hepatic clearance of these lipoproteins leads to symptomatic atherosclerosis. Using arterial tissue microarrays, we tested the hypothesis that apoE and apoB accumulation in the arterial wall discriminates between patients ...
Masuda Midori - - 2006
Atherosclerosis is the underlying disease process in patients affected with coronary artery diseases (CAD). Macrophages play a major role in the development of vascular lesions in atherogenesis. The cells express Fcgamma receptor type IIIa (FcgammaRIIIa: CD16) identical to that in natural killer cells (NK cells), but with a cell type-specific ...
Yamada Shinsuke - - 2006
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether physical activity and bone status may affect arterial thickening and stiffening in healthy Japanese women. Healthy women (n = 149; mean age, 54 years) were recruited from those who participated in a local health check program at the Osaka City ...
Guo Shi-zun - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Quantitatively assessing myocardial perfusion and its reserve is of great importance for the diagnosis and stratification of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), and represents an important goal of myocardial contrast echocardiography. In this study we sought to test the usefulness of low dose dobutamine stress real-time myocardial contrast ...
Yokoyama Haruko - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Our goal is to show the effectiveness of fluvastatin in reducing arterial sclerosis using integrated backscatter (IB) values rather than depending on the pulse-wave velocity (PWV) and stiffness beta. BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic changes consist of two components: atherosis as a structural change and sclerosis as a functional change; IB ultrasound ...
Montorsi Piero - - 2005
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is defined as the inability to achieve or maintain an erection satisfactory for sexual performance. Evidence is accumulating to consider ED as a vascular disorder. Common risk factors for atherosclerosis are frequently found in association with ED, and ED is frequently reported in vascular syndromes, such as ...
Sentinelli Federica - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Oxidized low-density lipoproteins (OxLDLs) play a critical role in endothelial dysfunction, which is implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Vascular endothelial cells internalize and degrade oxLDL through the endothelial lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor 1 (OLR1). OLR1 is up-regulated in several pathological conditions, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, atherosclerosis ...
Izumi Shun-ichiro - - 2006
While cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death in elderly women, relatively little is known regarding the influence of menopause on atherogenesis. We tried to characterize postmenopausal changes in the arterial properties. A group of 72 postmenopausal women were classified into subgroups based on duration of the postmenopausal period ...
Mattace-Raso Francesco U S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Light-to-moderate alcohol consumption has been associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. The protective effect of alcohol could involve arterial properties as arterial stiffness and distensibility. METHODS: The relationship between alcohol and arterial stiffness was studied within the framework of the Rotterdam Study, a population-based study in individuals ...
Reid J A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Carotid intima media thickness (IMT) is a good indicator of the severity of atherosclerotic disease. Statins have been found to reduce carotid IMT in patients with hypercholesterolaemia. The aim of this study was to investigate if pravastatin is effective in reducing IMT in normocholesterolaemic patients with carotid artery disease. ...
Qunibi Wajeh Y - - 2005
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a higher burden of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease compared with age- and gender-matched individuals with normal renal function. Cardiovascular calcification (CVC), a marker of atherosclerosis, is also more prevalent in these patients and is associated with serious clinical consequences. The pathogenesis of CVC ...
Yamada Michiko - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether exposure to atomic bomb radiation altered the prevalence of asymptomatic atherosclerosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis, we examined aortic arch calcification by plain chest radiography and common carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) by ultrasonography among 1804 survivors of the atomic bombing in Hiroshima. We ...
Ray Kausik K - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Coronary artery disease is the largest cause of premature death in the Western world. Lipid-lowering therapy with statins has revolutionized the management of this condition over the past decade. RECENT DEVELOPMENTS: Successive clinical trials have lowered the treatment bar for statin therapy in patients with coronary artery ...
Sari I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, accelerated atherosclerosis and increased risk of cardiovascular events have been described in patients with rheumatic disease, particularly for rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. However, the link between inflammation, atherosclerosis and ankylosing spondylitis is controversial. We evaluated the degree of atherosclerosis and endothelial function of ankylosing ...
Lees Ann M - - 2005
Prolonged retention of LDL in focal, atherosclerosis-prone areas of arteries is a primary event in atherogenesis. To determine whether unrecognized LDL-binding proteins participate in this process, we generated a cDNA expression library from deendothelialized rabbit aorta, a model for early atherosclerosis that shows striking focal LDL retention in healing lesions. ...
Iacobellis Gianluca - - 2005
A growing amount of evidence suggests that regional fat distribution plays an important part in the development of an unfavorable metabolic and cardiovascular risk profile. Epicardial fat is a metabolically active organ that generates various bioactive molecules, which might significantly affect cardiac function. This small, visceral fat depot is now ...
Lekakis John P - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: In the present study we measured carotid and femoral intima-media thickness (IMT) by B-Mode ultrasonography, as well as angiographic extent and severity of coronary artery disease in patients referred for coronary arteriography, to assess the relation between individual IMT, scores incorporating IMT from the carotid and femoral arteries and ...
Turk James R - - 2005
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and is projected to become the leading cause of mortality in the world. Atherosclerosis is the most important single factor contributing to this disease burden. In this study, we characterize relationships between endothelial dysfunction and ...
Park Seong-Mi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility and usefulness of the arterial stiffness index (ASI) measured non-invasively by computerized oscillometry and by comparing it with the pulse wave velocity (PWV). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 60 consutive patients who underwent coronary angiography and ...
Kafetzakis Alexandros - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of occult atherosclerosis of carotid, femoral, and popliteal arteries with the presence and severity of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients without a history or presence of cerebrovascular or peripheral arterial disease using ultrasound examination of peripheral arteries. PATIENTS/METHODS: One hundred eighty-four such ...
Chiurlia Emilio - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence and extent of coronary artery atherosclerosis in asymptomatic patients with vascular erectile dysfunction (ED). BACKGROUND: An association between ED and ischemic heart disease has been suggested, but it is unknown if it represents a marker of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. ...
Wu Xiaojun - - 2006
Recent studies on mice demonstrated that lipoprotein lipase (LPL) located in the arterial wall might play a pro-atherogenic role. There are major differences between humans and mice in lipoprotein metabolism and in susceptibility to atherosclerosis. We have therefore used rabbits fed normal chow diet as a model to assess such ...
Chaowalit Nithima - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mechanistic studies suggest that paracrine effects of subepicardial adipose tissue may promote coronary atherosclerosis, but this has not been confirmed in clinical studies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 180 consecutive patients who underwent echocardiography and coronary angiography within 1 week (mean 2.5+/-2.0 days), 139 (80 men, 68+/-13 years) were studied. ...
Aboyans Victor - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the utility of common carotid intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT) to predict secondary cardiovascular events after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). In primary prevention, carotid-IMT is known as a valuable cardiovascular risk marker, but its interest in secondary prevention has been less studied. We hypothesized that CCA-IMT ...
Doruk Hüseyin - - 2005
The aim of the study was to investigate a casual relationship between age and carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and to assess the effects of possible risk factors in healthy nondiabetic elderly. Seventy-two healthy, well-educated, nondiabetic, healthy elderlies (mean age: 71.5+/-5.01 years; 43 male, 29 ...
Yarlagadda Sri G - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIM: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with decreased arterial compliance (AC). The stage of development of impaired arterial function in CKD in relation to loss of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is not known. This study's aim was to evaluate the relationship between GFR and AC in patients with CKD. ...
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