Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1346
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Geluk Christiane A - - 2008
AIMS: High sensitive-C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is associated with coronary risk, which may be explained by an association with (unstable) coronary artery disease (CAD). Until now, histopathological and angiographic studies have failed to consistently demonstrate a strong relationship. However, most of these studies were limited by a cross-sectional design. Our aim ...
Karásek D - - 2006
AIM: The aim of this study was to quantify the flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of brachial artery in asymptomatic members of families with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCH) and to determine the relation between FMD and risk factors accompanying FCH. We also investigated the association between FMD and the intima-media thickness (IMT) ...
Yanase Toshihiko - - 2006
Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), an indicator of atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD) is usually evaluated by eye measurement under B-scope carotid artery ultrasonography. However, the axial resolution of this system is >/=0.1 mm, which causes difficulties in respect to accuracy and reproducibility. We evaluated a newly developed B-scope carotid ...
Allison Matthew A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of associations between four different cholesterol measures and systemic atherosclerotic calcification. METHODS: One thousand and seventy-eight consecutive patients were evaluated by electron beam computed tomography for the extent of calcified atherosclerosis in the carotids, coronaries, thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, ...
Tao J - - 2007
Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have impaired endothelial function. Arterial elasticity is modulated by endothelial function. The association between arterial elasticity and endothelial function has not been reported in patients with CAD. The present study was designed to investigate whether endothelial dysfunction contributes to impaired arterial elasticity. Thirty patients ...
Austen S K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cyclosporin A (CsA)-treated renal transplant recipients (RTR) exhibit relative hyperhomocystinemia and vascular dysfunction. Folate supplementation lowers homocysteine and has been shown to improve vascular function in healthy subjects and patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of 3 months of folate ...
Ambrose M S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Early atherosclerosis may be associated with compensatory vessel enlargement, termed positive remodeling. Enlarged brachial artery diameter has been reported in patients with risk factors for atherosclerosis and in individuals with coronary atherosclerosis, indicating that brachial artery enlargement is a marker for the presence of atherosclerotic changes. Cardiac transplant recipients ...
Gullu Hakan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In this study, we searched for a correlation between transthoracic coronary flow reserve (CFR) and well-established surrogates of coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS: The study was conducted on 136 healthy subjects (mean age: 39.9 +/- 7.3 years) who were free of coronary risk factors. Transthoracic echocardiography was used to measure the ...
Suessenbacher Alois - - 2006
The aim of this pilot study was to test the prognostic value of serial measurements of peripheral endothelial function, assessed by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), in patients with angiographically proven coronary artery disease. In 68 patients, FMD was measured on the day after coronary angiography and again after a ...
Soman Prem - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether endothelial dysfunction contributes to abnormal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) observed in patients without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). It is unclear whether reversible MPI defects detected in the absence of obstructive CAD represent underlying vascular pathology or are false-positive MPI ...
Cheung Ning - - 2007
Atherosclerosis and vascular stiffness have been implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The association of carotid artery stiffness, a measure of arterial elasticity reflecting early atherosclerosis, with early AMD, was examined in this study. A population-based, cross-sectional study of 9954 middle-aged people (age range 51-72 years). The ...
Lekakis John P - - 2006
It was the objective of this study to investigate the relation between nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) gene polymorphisms, vascular inflammation, endothelial function, and atherosclerosis. We examined the effects of a variable nucleotide tandem repeats (VNTR) in intron 4, G894T in exon 7 and T-786C at the promoter region of NOS3 ...
Yu Hsi-Yu - - 2006
The pulse wave velocity (PWV) of aortic blood flow is considered a surrogate for aortic compliance. A new method using phase-contrast (PC)-MRI is presented whereby the spatial and temporal profiles of axial velocity along the descending aorta can be analyzed. Seventeen young healthy volunteers (the YH group), six older healthy ...
Pitiriga Vassiliki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We investigated the possible association between antichlamydial antibodies and pulse wave analysis (PWA) parameters in a cohort of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The augmentation index (AI), the reflection time index (RTI) and the time to the beginning of the reflected wave (CT-1) were estimated (Sphygmocor ATCOR ...
Zhu Shiming - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of hypertension and dyslipidemia synergistically increases the risk of cardiovascular events. We investigated the effect of the lipid-lowering agent micronized fenofibrate on inhibition of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with essential hypertension and mild hyperlipidemia. METHODS: We measured serum lipid profiles and inflammatory markers on chemistry or immune ...
Hosaka Shigetoshi - - 2007
Among a number of different lipoprotein abnormalities, 'midband lipoprotein' migrating at a position between LDL and VLDL on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE), is an atherogenic lipoprotein and intima-media thickness (IMT) of the carotid artery is a useful marker of atherosclerotic diseases. The present study evaluated relationships between the presence of ...
Irace C - - 2006
AIM: Data on the association between brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) are contrasting. The present study investigated the relationship between FMD and IMT and carotid atherosclerosis in never treated subjects. METHODS: Seventy-seven subjects were investigated: 46 had no coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors, ...
Kalliokoski Riikka J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Fabry disease is a lysosomal storage disorder due to deficient alpha-galactosidase A activity, which leads to glycosphingolipid accumulation especially in vascular smooth-muscle and endothelial cells. Little is known about the effects of Fabry disease on peripheral artery function and structure. Therefore, we aimed to further characterize the peripheral vascular ...
Cwynar Marcin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To check whether the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has a differentiating effect on arterial stiffness assessed with pulse wave velocity (PWV)--a simple, reproducible and clinically feasible measure of arterial stiffening. METHODS AND RESULTS: The mean age of 101 participants was 63.5 ...
Stompór T - - 2006
An increasing body of evidence suggests that atherosclerosis in patients with uremia differs from that found in general population in terms of advancement and localization of vascular lesions. It has also been suggested that different non-invasive techniques of vascular system evaluation are designed to show different types of lesions (i.e. ...
Underhill Hunter R - - 2006
PURPOSE: To determine whether the mean wall thickness (MWT) of the common carotid artery (CCA) measured by MRI is comparable to B-mode ultrasound (US) measurement of the intima-media thickness (IMT), an established marker of cardiovascular risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of the two-year ORION trial, 43 patients with 16-79% ...
Gorski, David H.
Background of the invention: The leading cause of death in the United States and in most developed countries, is atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a disease affecting the large and medium size muscular arteries such as the coronary or carotid arteries and the large elastic arteries such as the aorta, iliac, and ...
van der Harst Pim - - 2006
The renin-angiotensin system is critically involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Cholesterol increases vascular responsiveness to angiotensin II by upregulation of the angiotensin II type 1 receptor. However, the effects of C-reactive protein (CRP) on vascular responsiveness to angiotensin II are unknown. We evaluated, in vitro, the vascular responsiveness of ...
Rhyne Jeffrey - - 2006
High levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) occur with cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) deficiency. However, the extent to which CETP deficiency states may be associated with protection against coronary artery disease (CAD) has been controversial. We evaluated a Greek pedigree with high levels of HDL-C and no history of ...
Pirro Matteo - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Early atherosclerosis is characterized by reduced large artery distensibility, paralleled by an increased peroxynitrite formation and nitration of tyrosine in proteins. The aim of the present study was to investigate the short-term effect of cholesterol lowering with rosuvastatin on 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT), a marker of peroxynitrite-mediated oxidative stress, ...
Cheung Y-f - - 2007
Evidence of premature atherosclerosis and systemic arterial stiffening in patients after Kawasaki disease is accumulating. To test the hypothesis that carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis, is associated with systemic arterial stiffness in children after Kawasaki disease. A cohort of 72 patients was studied, comprising 26 patients ...
Nicholls Stephen J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Inhibiting the enzyme acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT) has beneficial effects on foam cell formation and therefore has the potential to favorably influence the progression of coronary atherosclerosis. The aim of this study is to determine whether ACAT inhibition, when added to usual medical care, reduces atheroma progression in subjects with ...
Kerenyi Levente - - 2006
PURPOSE: The role of hyperlipidemia in atherosclerotic changes of the carotid artery is controversial. The aims of this retrospective study were to assess (1) the relationship between total serum cholesterol and triglyceride and the grade of internal carotid artery stenosis and (2) whether total serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels are ...
Ambrosius Wojciech - - 2006
Some studies have shown correlations between selected proinflammatory factors and carotid atherosclerosis. It has not been established whether anti-inflammatory cytokines are associated with carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), an ultrasound surrogate marker of atherosclerosis. Therefore, the authors studied the relationship between the carotid IMT and serum levels of interleukin (IL)-10 and ...
Kerkeni Mohsen - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) detoxifies homocysteine thiolactone (HcyT) in human blood and could thus delay the development of atherosclerosis. We investigated (a) PON1 activity and polymorphisms, and (b) the relationship between PON1 activity, homocysteine (Hcy) and the severity of CAD patients in Tunisian population. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used PCR-RFLP analysis ...
Arbel Yaron - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Two distinct right coronary artery (RCA) morphologies have been previously described: sigma- and C-shaped RCAs. While the C-shaped RCA was significantly associated with atherosclerosis, the sigma-shaped was not. The association of RCA morphology and vascular endothelial function has not yet been assessed. METHODS: To evaluate the association between the ...
Yamane Tetsunobu - - 2006
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) can protect endothelial function by preventing the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and retarding the development of atherosclerosis. We examined whether PON1 polymorphism influences endothelium-dependent coronary vasomotor responses. Sixty-seven patients underwent diagnostic cardiac catheterization, but showed no significant coronary artery stenosis. In all patients, PON1 genotypes (Q/Q, ...
Joras M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Buerger's disease (BD) is a segmental occlusive vascular disease. The aim of this study was to detect functional changes in brachial artery and asymptomatic morphological changes in extra-cranial carotid arteries not affected by the disease process and to assess markers of inflammation and endothelial damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen ...
Magliano Dianna - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate whether vitamin E (500 IU) slowed the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in a population of chronic smokers over 4 years as measured by ultrasound determination of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and systemic arterial compliance (SAC). METHODS: The Melbourne Atherosclerosis Vitamin E Trial (MAVET) was ...
Rhee Eun Jung - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a recently identified cytokine that acts as a decoy receptor for the receptor activator of the NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL). OPG has been shown to be an important inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis and arterial calcification in animal models. OPG has been proposed as a link molecule between osteoporosis ...
Kirschenlohr Heide L HL Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Building O, Downing Site, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QW, - - 2006
Multivariate analysis of 1H-NMR spectra of blood sera was reported previously to predict angiographically defined advanced coronary artery disease (CAD) with >90% accuracy and specificity. The analysis depended mainly on the major lipid regions of the spectra, but many variables, including gender and drug treatment, affect lipid composition and are ...
Yasmin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness is an important determinant of cardiovascular risk. Elastin is the main elastic component of the arterial wall and can be degraded by a number of enzymes including serine proteases and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Serum MMP-9 levels correlate with arterial stiffness and predict cardiovascular risk. Polymorphisms in the ...
Exner Markus - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of myeloperoxidase (MPO) on progression of carotid stenosis in states of high and low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. BACKGROUND: Myeloperoxidase is pivotally involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. In vitro data suggest that MPO exerts deleterious effects via oxidative modulation of ...
Sarkar Purnima Dey - - 2006
BACKGROUND: South Asians, especially Indians show increased risk for atherosclerosis and have the higher mortality rates due to coronary artery disease. The increasing incidence of coronary artery disease in young patients is possibly due to industrialization, stress of life, less exercise and increasing incidence of smoking and other factors. We ...
Zambon A - - 2006
Increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) predict premature coronary artery disease, as do elevated levels of apolipoprotein B or reduced levels of apolipoprotein AI. Probands were studied of families with common genetic forms of dyslipidaemia to determine if apo B or apo AI define genetic groups ...
Beltowski Jerzy - - 2006
Leptin, a 167-amino acid peptide hormone produced by white adipose tissue, is primarily involved in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure. Leptin receptors are expressed in many tissues including the cardiovascular system. Plasma leptin concentration is proportional to body adiposity and is markedly increased in obese individuals. Recent ...
Mayer O - - 2006
Total homocysteine (tHcy) level was identified as a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular events. We investigated the association between tHcy and mechanical properties of large arteries in a random, general population-based sample of 251 subjects (mean age 48 years). Large artery properties, such as aortic and peripheral (lower-limb) pulse ...
Hamilton Douglas R - - 2006
Due to the limited treatment and return capabilities of most space vehicles, an in-flight cardiac event could result in significant mission impact or even failure. The current literature supports including electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) and highly selective C-reactive protein (hsCRP) for diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) in asymptomatic, low-pretest ...
Lekakis John P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Arterial wave reflection is a major determinant of left ventricular function, coronary perfusion and cardiovascular risk. We investigated whether arterial wave reflection may detect atherosclerosis of peripheral arteries in patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Radial artery applanation tonometry and pulse wave analysis was performed in 184 ...
Stamatelopoulos K S - - 2006
Carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) has been used as a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis and is related to cardiovascular risk. Indices of arterial stiffness are also associated with cardiovascular risk and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prognostic value of the combination of surrogate markers of ...
Lind Lars - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) is low even in healthy elderly and therefore relations between FMD and cardiovascular risk factors might be hard to evaluate in the elderly. Using data from the Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study, we investigated if a reduced arterial distensibility could influence ...
Grönros Julia - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We aimed to establish a completely noninvasive technique to assess coronary artery atherosclerosis in living mice using proximal to middle left coronary artery (LCA) velocity ratio as assessed with color Doppler echocardiography (CDE). METHODS AND RESULTS: Three groups of apolipoprotein E/low-density lipoprotein receptor double-knockout (apoE/LDLr dko) mice 10, 40, ...
Demirbag Recep - - 2006
It is known that antioxidants have an important role in the prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). Low total antioxidant capacity (TAC) is a risk factor for ischemic heart disease. However, no data are available concerning the relationship between TAC and severity of thoracic aortic atherosclerosis. This study using multiplane ...
Nieminen Tuomo - - 2006
Different apolipoprotein combinations explain most of the functional differences between plasma lipoproteins. This emphasizes the pivotal role of apolipoproteins in the homeostasis and physiological control of lipid metabolism. Genetic polymorphisms of apolipoprotein (apo)A-I/C-III/A-IV, apoE and apoB have been suggested to modulate plasma lipid levels as well as the risk of ...
Yalamanchili Kiran - - 2006
We investigated the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnosed by coronary angiography performed because of suspected CAD in 102 persons, mean age 68 years, with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and in 102 age-matched and sex-matched persons. CAD was diagnosed by coronary angiography in 80 of 102 persons (78%) with RA ...
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