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Logan Jeongok G JG School of Nursing, University of Virginia, 225 Jeanette Lancaster Way, Charlottesville, VA, 22903-3388, USA, - - 2014
Stiffness of large arteries (called arteriosclerosis) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although previous studies have shown that arterial stiffness is moderately heritable, genetic factors contributing to arterial stiffness are largely unknown. In this paper, we reviewed the available literature on genetic variants that are potentially related ...
Selamet Tierney Elif Seda ES Department of Cardiology, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
Carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT), a marker of atherosclerosis, is increased in youth at risk for future cardiovascular disease. Some pediatric studies have used CIMT as a primary outcome in clinical trials, yet data are limited on the standardization of methodology in children. The goal of this study was to ...
Kim So-Young SY Department of Plastic Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Despite confirmation of a reliable perforasome in the dorsal scapular artery in an anatomic study, a true perforator flap has not been recommended in previous clinical studies because of concerns regarding insufficient perfusion in the distal region. In this report, we present two cases of reconstruction for occipital defects caused ...
Rabkin Simon W SW University of Britsh Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
It is believed that the balance of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), in the aorta, play a critical role in aneurysm formation. The objective of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of studies reporting protein expression of MMPs and TIMPs in the ascending aorta ...
Tansatit Tanvaa T The Chula Soft Cadaver Surgical Training Center and Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, 1873 Rama 4 Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand, - - 2014
In ophthalmic artery occlusion by hyaluronic acid injection, the globe may get worse by direct intravitreal administration of hyaluronidase. Retrograde cannulation of the ophthalmic artery may have the potential for restoration of retinal perfusion and minimizing the risk of phthisis bulbi. The study investigated the feasibility of cannulation of the ...
Jia Haibo H aDepartment of Cardiology, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University; The Key Laboratory of Myocardial Ischemia, Chinese Ministry of Education, Harbin bDepartment of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong, China cCardiology Division dDepartment of Biostatistics, Massachusetts General Hospital eCardiovascular Division, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA fThe First Department of Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara, Japan gDivision of Cardiology, Asan Medical Center hDivision of Cardiology, Severance Cardiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea iCardiovascular & Cell Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the spatial location of vulnerable plaques at coronary artery bifurcations using frequency domain-optical coherence tomography. In-vivo data on geometric location of vulnerable plaques in relation to coronary bifurcation are limited. A total of 40 patients with left anterior descending artery bifurcation were ...
Malik Rehan R Center for Prevention and Wellness Research, Baptist Health Medical Group, Miami, FL, - - 2014
Objectives: To synthesize evidence of the association between low vitamin D levels and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis measured by coronary artery calcium (CAC). Methods: A systematic MEDLINE search was conducted for relevant published literature. Ten studies (7 cross-sectional, 3 longitudinal) met the inclusion criteria. Results: Three of 6 studies showed association ...
Touré Gaoussou G Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, CHI, Villeneuve Saint Georges, France; Department of Anatomy, URDIA, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Facial composite tissue allotransplantation has recently become a surgical option. The maxilla, which forms the upper jaw and plays an important role in facial allotransplantation, consists of the maxillary and facial arteries. The maxillary artery is located deep within the tissue and considered the main artery of the maxilla; however, ...
Gunduz Yasemin Y Departments of Radiology (Y.G., L.T.A.) and Cardiology (R.A., P.V., M.A.C., M.B.V., H.K.), Sakarya University Medical Faculty, Sakarya, Turkey. - - 2014
Patients with carotid disease are frequently referred for carotid artery stenting based on the results of carotid duplex studies. During carotid artery stenting, the stent is usually extended into the common carotid artery, thereby crossing the external carotid artery. Previous studies have shown conflicting results regarding internal carotid stenting and ...
Ozturk Mujgan T MT Department of Cardiology, Kecioren Teaching and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Arterial hypertension is one of the physical complications of chronic lead exposure. Hypertension has effects on aortic elastic properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the aortic elastic properties in workers occupationally exposed to lead. Forty-one workers who were exposed to lead and 39 healthy controls were included ...
Kleinloog Rachel R 1Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands 2Biomolecular Imaging, Department of Biology, Science Faculty, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands 3Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands 4Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands 5Philips Healthcare, Best, The Netherlandss 6Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Technical Medicine, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands 7Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Risk prediction of rupture of intracranial aneurysms is poor, and mainly based on lumen characteristics. However, characteristics of the aneurysm wall may be more informative predictors. The limited resolution of currently available imaging techniques, and the thin aneurysm wall, make imaging of wall thickness challenging. To introduce a novel protocol ...
Cornea Anda M AM Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, 1959 NE Pacific St, Box 356540, 98195, Seattle, WA, USA, - - 2014
The definitive diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, relies on imaging. In this study, we compare the conventional computed tomography pulmonary angiogram (CTPA) protocol to a double-rule out CT angiogram (DRO CTA) protocol in terms of vascular enhancement, radiation dose, and contrast volume delivered. The ...
Liu Peng P Department of Anatomy, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to discuss the distribution characteristics and the anatomical angioarchitecture of cutaneous branches arising from the second dorsal metacarpal artery for the repair of small tissue defects in the hand or fingers using the second dorsal metacarpal artery chain-link flap. Fifteen fresh human cadaveric hands ...
Coronel-Banda M E ME Institute of Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Dr. Serra-Renom, Hospital Quirón Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The cutaneous areas perfused by the cutaneous perforators of the facial artery have been well defined. However, the oral mucosal areas perfused by perforators of the facial artery have not been described. We studied 20 hemifaces from 10 cadavers. Perforators between the branching off sites of the labial arteries larger ...
Miyamoto Shimpei S Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
Suitable recipient vessels for free-flap transfer are hard to find in the posterior thigh. To investigate the versatility of accompanying artery of sciatic nerve as a recipient vessel in this region, we performed computed tomographic angiographic study of 20 consecutive healthy thighs in 10 patients. The presence and internal diameter ...
Voros Szilard S Global Genomics Group, LLC, 737 N. 5th Street, Richmond, VA 23219, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Complex biological networks of atherosclerosis are largely unknown. The main objective of the Genetic Loci and the Burden of Atherosclerotic Lesions study is to assemble comprehensive biological networks of atherosclerosis using advanced cardiovascular imaging for phenotyping, a panomic approach to identify underlying genomic, proteomic, metabolomic, and lipidomic underpinnings, analyzed by ...
Lummus Seth S From the Departments of Pathology (SL, MSL, BKK-D), Neurosurgery (RB, BKK-D), and Neurology (BKK-D), The University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, - - 2014
Nonatherosclerotic cerebrovascular arteriopathies share epidemiologic and clinical features, but few studies directly compare histologic features of the intracranial vasculature. We studied 3 adult autopsy cases of fibromuscular dysplasia in patients who died of basilar artery aneurysm rupture, vertebral artery dissection, or Moyamoya syndrome. Fibromuscular dysplasia was only identified when multiple ...
Cai Kaican K 1 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China ; 2 Department of Oncology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, - - 2014
A patient with adenocarcinoma in situ was reported to undergo unidirectionally thoracoscopic resection of lingual segment of the left upper pulmonary lobe and lymphadenectomy in the order of the lingual segmental vein, the lingual segmental bronchus, the lingual segmental artery, and the pulmonary tissues of the lingual segment in turn. ...
Kutlu Rasim R Department of Cardiology, Denizli State Hospital, Denizli, Turkey. - - 2014
The European Action on Primary and Secondary Prevention by Intervention to Reduce Events (EUROASPIRE III) Study in coronary artery disease had been undertaken between the years of 2006 and 2007, with the participation of 22 countries in Europe including Turkey (76 centers). In this study, the situation in the management ...
Liao Shao-Qiong SQ Department of Neurology, Institute of Surgery Research, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, 10 Changjiang Branch Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400042, P.R. - - 2014
The association between large-artery atherosclerosis and leukoaraiosis (LA) has been increasingly reported with inconsistent conclusion. This systematic review examines the relationship between LA and carotid atherosclerosis, manifested as atherosclerotic stenosis, plaques and increased intima-media thickness (IMT). PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for articles published up to February ...
Krzy┼╝ewski Roger M RM Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, - - 2014
The superior cerebral artery is a clinically significant vessel, but little is known about its radiological anatomy. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomical variations of the proximal segment of the superior cerebellar artery using Computed Tomography Angiography. The study group consisted of 200 subjects (54.5% female, ...
Deswal Arvind A Tutor, Department of Anatomy, Shri Guru Gobind Tricentuary Medical College , Gurgaon, Haryana, India - - 2014
To determine the position of the aortic bifurcation, angle of aortic-common iliac bifurcation in relation to the lumbar vertebra, diameter of distal aorta, length of common iliac, diameter of iliac at bifurcation in cadavers. The present study was done on 25 cadavers (16 males, 9 females) used for the dissection ...
Gupta Chandni C Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, - - 2014
Jugular foramen of human skull is one of the most interesting foramina. It is a complex bony canal, numerous vital structures, including nerves and vessels are transmitted through it. Most of the intracranial and extra cranial lesions of posterior cranial fossa might affect the structures in jugular foramen in addition ...
Sing N B NB IJN-UTM Cardiovascular Engineering Center & Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, - - 2014
This article reports a degradation study that was done on stent prototypes made of biodegradable Fe35Mn alloy in a simulated human coronary arterial condition. The stent degradation was observed for a short-term period from 0.5 to 168 h, which simulates the early period of stenting procedure. Potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical ...
Matsumoto Takashi T Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
A 47-year-old-man with prior pulmonary vein (PV) isolation for atrial fibrillation developed progressive shortness of breath and was found to have total occlusion of the left lower and significant stenosis in left upper PV. A ventilation/perfusion scan showed decreased left lung perfusion. Percutaneous pulmonary vein stenosis angioplasty was complicated by ...
Pentz A - - 2014
Colonisation of the airway by Pseudomonas spp. in cystic fibrosis has been reported to be an important determinant of decline in pulmonary function. To assess pulmonary function decline and the presence of bacterial colonisation in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) attending a CF clinic in a developing country. A retrospective ...
Polovina Marija M Cardiology Clinic, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2014
Previously, endocarditis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa mostly involved right-sided valvular infection and generally carried a good prognosis. Recently, changes have been observed in the occurrence and clinical presentation of pseudomonal endocarditis, with increasing incidence of nosocomial infections and involvement of the aortic and mitral valves. Still, pseudomonal left-sided endocarditis is ...
Said Karim K Aswan Heart Centre, Aswan, Egypt, Aswan, - - 2014
Stimulators of soluble guanylate cyclase (sCG) are novel pharmacological agents that directly stimulate sGC. Ongoing research on sGC stimulators led to the development of the more potent and more specific sGC stimulator, riociguat. Recently, the US Food and Drug Administration has approved riociguat to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension in adults. ...
Slipczuk Leandro L Department of Medicine, Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2013
The mitral annulus plays an essential role in mitral valve (MV) competency. When surgical intervention is needed, the placement of an annular ring is considered a major component of MV repair. However, the use of a foreign material increases the risk of infectious and thromboembolic complications and is problematic in ...
Schwameis R - - 2013
Time-kill curves were performed with linezolid, doripenem, tigecycline, moxifloxacin and daptomycin against Staphylococcus aureus and with colistin, moxifloxacin and doripenem against Pseudomonas aeruginosa to evaluate the effect of porcine pulmonary surfactant on antimicrobial activity. Pulmonary surfactant significantly impaired the activities of moxifloxacin and colistin. When developing antibiotics for respiratory tract ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2013
 A 70-year-old man with atrial flutter (AFL) following pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (PVI) underwent electrophysiologic testing. The AFL exhibited positive P waves in the inferior leads and lead V1. Left atrial activation mapping revealed 2 remote sites with early activation that were located at the antrum of the left superior ...
Shon Alyssa S - - 2013
Mycotic aneurysms of the intrapetrous carotid artery are a rare complication of adjacent middle ear infections that occur by direct invasion of arterial adventitia. We report the first case of a Pseudomonas aeruginosa mycotic intrapetrous carotid aneurysm arising from mastoiditis, confirmed with middle ear cultures, presenting with high-grade bacteraemia and ...
Duytschaever Mattias - - 2012
AIMS: Prior reports using pacing manoeuvres, demonstrated an up to 42% prevalence of residual pulmonary vein to left atrium (PV-LA) exit conduction after apparent LA-PV entry block. We aimed to determine in a two-centre study the prevalence of residual PV-LA exit conduction in the presence of unambiguously proven entry block ...
Kumar Saurabh - - 2012
BACKGROUND: -Catheter-tissue contact is critical for effective lesion creation. We characterized the contact force (CF) at different anatomical sites during antral pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS: -Two experienced operators performed PVI in 22 patients facilitated by a novel CF-sensing ablation catheter in a blinded ...
Traullé Sarah - - 2012
Although pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis is a serious complication of radiofrequency PV isolation, the anatomical impact of a combination of two energy sources on PV diameter has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of supplementary point-by-point radiofrequency applications (following PV cryoablation) on the ...
Khoo Jeffrey P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In patients being considered for aortic valve replacement, there remains controversy over which design or tissue offers the best performance. We aimed to evaluate in a single study the haemodynamic performances of five different widely used aortic valve prostheses: stentless porcine xenograft (Elan), stentless bovine pericardium (Pericarbon Freedom), stented ...
Manjappa T T Department of Anatomy, J.J.M. Medical College, Davangere, 577 004 Karnataka - - 2014
The variations of the profunda and its branches are numerous, and, to a considerable extent, largely associated with one another. In occlusion of the Superficial femoral artery, the profunda femoris artery forms an effective collateral bed between the ileo-femoral segment and the popliteal artery and its branches. This study based ...
Yap Choon Hwai - - 2012
The bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a common congenital malformation of the aortic valve (AV) affecting 1% to 2% of the population. The BAV is predisposed to early degenerative calcification of valve leaflets, and BAV patients constitute 50% of AV stenosis patients. Although evidence shows that genetic defects can play ...
Kirklin James K - - 2012
A novel technique of valve-sparing aortic root replacement was applied to 2 children younger than 3 years of age with Marfan syndrome and large aortic root aneurysms. Using elements of both the remodeling and reimplantation techniques, circumferential rings from a 20-mm to 22-mm polyester graft provide stabilization at the subannular ...
Xu Liyan - - 2012
To explore the association between the hemodynamics and formation, growth, and rupture of aneurysms in anterior communicating arteries (ACoA) with A1 dysplasia or hypoplasia. A series of 3-dimensional numerical simulation models of the anterior communicating artery complex (ACoAC) were designed geometrically. The diameter of A1 was fixed on one side ...
Chen Liang-Wan - - 2012
We describe a modified valve-sparing aortic root replacement technique for acute type A aortic dissection. After the normal root geometry was restored by removing blood and clots in the proximal false lumen and the valve insufficiency was corrected by simple resuspension of the aortic commissures, three teardrop-shaped patches were sutured ...
Wang Qian - - 2012
The objective of this study was to develop a patient-specific computational model to quantify the biomechanical interaction between the transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) stent and the stenotic aortic valve during TAV intervention. Finite element models of a patient-specific stenotic aortic valve were reconstructed from multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) scans, and ...
Katayama Susumu S Department of Human and Engineered Environmental Studies, School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the influence of the morphologic characteristics of the bicuspid aortic valve on its disease progression by comparing the motion, stress/strain distribution, and blood flow of normal and stenotic tricuspid valves using simulation models. Bicuspid, stenotic tricuspid with commissural fusion or thickened leaflet, ...
Bosman W M P F - - 2012
The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the influence of aneurysm wall stiffness and of the presence of intraluminal thrombus (ILT) on aneurysm wall movement. Three latex aneurysms were used with different wall stiffness. The aneurysms, equipped with 20 tantalum markers, were attached to an in vitro ...
Sokol Vesna - - 2012
In Marfan syndrome, with dilatation of the aortic root secondary to an underlying connective tissue defect, pregnancy can cause hemodynamic stress leading to the development of an aortic aneurysm and even a fatal aortic dissection. In the presence of existing aortic root enlargement and a family history of aortic dissection, ...
Neragi-Miandoab Siyamek - - 2012
Aortic root aneurysm and dissection are potentially life-threatening conditions that involve a structural weakness of the aortic wall. Management of aortic root aneurysm (with or without aortic insufficiency) has recently been the subject of much scholarly discussion which resulted in some modifications. The current trend is a valve-sparing root repair ...
Chandraratna P Anthony N - - 2012
Background: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is commonly used for the diagnosis for coronary artery disease (CAD). We previously demonstrated that squatting induces wall motion abnormalities (WMA) in areas subtended by stenotic coronary arteries. Objective: This study was designed to test the hypothesis that dobutamine and squatting stress echocardiography are equally ...
Hirose Tomoaki - - 2012
A 76-year-old man with systemic lupus erythematosus was found to have an aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva. Aortic root replacement with a stentless bioprosthesis, using a full root technique, was successfully performed. The pathological findings of the excised aortic valve were not secondary to atherosclerosis, inflammatory or infectious ...
Thim Troels - - 2012
Wall shear stress is thought to play a critical role in the local development of atherosclerotic plaque and to affect plaque vulnerability. However, current models and hypotheses do not fully explain the link between wall shear stress and local plaque development. We aimed to investigate the relation between wall shear ...
García-Herrera C M - - 2012
The mechanical properties of aortic wall, both healthy and pathological, are needed in order to develop and improve diagnostic and interventional criteria, and for the development of mechanical models to assess arterial integrity. This study focuses on the mechanical behaviour and rupture conditions of the human ascending aorta and its ...
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