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Krajnak K - - 2006
The vascular symptoms of hand-arm vibration syndrome, including cold-induced vasospasm, are in part mediated by increased sensitivity of cutaneous arteries to sympathetic stimulation. The goal of the present study was to use a rat tail model to analyze the effects of vibration on vascular function and alpha-adrenoceptor (AR) responsiveness. Rats ...
Lacza Zsombor - - 2006
Urotensin-II (UT-II) is a small circular peptide and is described as the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictor in various vascular beds. However, the in vivo effects of UT-II can be either vasoconstriction or vasodilation depending on the species and the tissue investigated. The present study sought to characterize the vasoactive effect ...
Sun Xin - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the relaxation effect and underlying mechanism of U50,488H (a selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist) in pulmonary artery in the rat. METHODS: Isolated pulmonary artery ring was perfused and the tension of the vessel was measured. RESULTS: U50,488H relaxed the pulmonary artery ring in a dose-dependent manner and the ...
Adachi Hideyuki - - 2005
The gastroepiploic artery, used widely as a conduit in coronary artery bypass grafting, has high vasospasticity. The aims of this study were to examine the vasorelaxant effects of three phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) inhibitors, olprinone, milrinone and amrinone, on isolated gastroepiploic arterial preparations in comparison with a calcium channel blocker diltiazem, ...
Voors Adriaan A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Animal studies demonstrated an interaction between angiotensin II (Ang II) responsiveness and endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR). However, this relation has not been well described in humans. Therefore, we investigated the relation between Ang II responsiveness and EDR in isolated human arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Segments of the internal mammary artery ...
Reel Buket - - 2005
Intimal thickening, due to smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation, is considered to be one of the major components of vascular proliferative disorders such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. One experimental model, resulting in intimal thickening in the rabbit, involves placing a silicon collar around the carotid artery, and is used ...
Nagata Hirofumi - - 2005
The role of poly (adenosine diphosphate-ribose) synthetase (PARS) in the contractile and relaxant responses of pulmonary arteries injured by ischemia and reperfusion (IR) of splanchnic artery has not been evaluated. We examined these responses by using 3-aminobenzamide, a pharmacological inhibitor of PARS. IR models in rats were induced by clamping ...
Achouh Paul - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Spasm remains a potential problem encountered during the use of arterial grafts in coronary artery bypass surgery. Heme oxygenase plays a role in the control of arterial vasoreactivity. Heme oxygenase exists in 2 constitutive isoforms (heme oxygenase 2 and 3) and an inducible isoform (heme oxygenase 1). The aim ...
Salom Juan B - - 2006
We hypothesized that sildenafil, inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5), interacts with the nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP pathway in the cerebral arteries and shows vasoactive effects. To prove it in the isolated rabbit basilar artery, we compared the effects of sildenafil with other PDE-5 inhibitors, assessed the endothelial dependence of the vasoactive responses, ...
Galligan James J - - 2006
This study examined sensory nerves associated with mesenteric arteries and veins in sham and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. Reactivity of arteries and veins to substances released from sensory nerves was also studied in vitro using computer-assisted video microscopy. Co-localization of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity ...
Fischer J?rgen H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Aprotinin is widely used in heart surgery for reduction of intraoperative blood loss. But recent reports presenting results from rat aorta experiments claimed that aprotinin selectively impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) as well as basal NO availability in concentrations similar to doses routinely used in cardiovascular surgery. An impairment of ...
Rakici Ozlem - - 2005
The polyphenolic compound resveratrol presented in red wine has potent cardiovascular effect in animal. Here, we investigated the ability of resveratrol to relax human coronary bypass grafts, saphenous vein and internal mammary artery and also its effect on their endothelial reactivity. Vascular rings were obtained from 38 male patients undergoing ...
Zhirnov Victor V - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the action of ultra-low dose beta-radiation (ULDBR) on isolated segments of blood vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the pharmacological model of isolated rabbit carotid arteries with intact or mechanically removed endothelium. Specific vascular responses to beta-irradiation were registered after addition of (90)Sr in the concentration range ...
Peroni J F - - 2005
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Equine laminitis purportedly involves haemodynamic dysfunction at the level of the laminar vasculature. However, to date, no studies have been performed characterising the function of laminar arteries and veins during the prodromal stages of equine laminitis. HYPOTHESIS: That the prodromal stages of laminitis are associated with ...
Climent Belén - - 2005
To analyse the coronary effects of endothelin-1 after ischemia-reperfusion, the left anterior descending coronary artery of anesthetized pigs was subjected to 30-min occlusion followed by 60-min reperfusion. Then, rings distal (ischemic arteries) and proximal (control arteries) to the occlusion were taken from this artery and prepared for isometric tension recording. ...
Takase Bonpei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vasodilator response to acetylcholine (endothelium-dependent dilation) is impaired in the peripheral and coronary circulation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study is to investigate if the vasodilator response to acetylcholine in the brachial artery (BA) correlates with the same response in the coronary artery ...
Li Hong-Fang - - 2006
The present study was designed to investigate the acute relaxing effect of phytoestrogen resveratrol on isolated porcine coronary arteries and to determine the mechanisms underlying its vasodilatation. Rings of porcine coronary arteries were suspended in organ baths containing Krebs-Henseleit solution, and then isometric tension was measured. Resveratrol concentration-dependently relaxed arterial ...
Miller Alyson A - - 2005
Recent studies suggest that the superoxide generating enzyme NADPH oxidase may play a functional role in regulating cerebral vascular tone. We tested whether the activity, function, and expression of NADPH oxidase differs between rat cerebral and systemic arteries. Superoxide production by basilar (BA), middle cerebral (MCA), carotid (CA), renal (RA), ...
Gao Yu-Jing - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that perivascular adipose tissue from the rat aorta secretes a substance that can dilate the aorta. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether this vasodilator is also present in human internal thoracic arteries. METHODS: Vascular function of human internal thoracic arteries with ...
Becari Christiane - - 2005
We have described the biochemical, enzymatic, and structural properties of a chymostatin-sensitive angiotensin (Ang) I-converting elastase-2 found in the rat mesenteric arterial bed perfusate. We determined the mRNA for elastase-2 and its relative role in generating Ang II in the rat isolated aorta and carotid artery rings. In carotid rings, ...
Püntmann Valentina O - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II is a powerful vasoconstrictor involved in the development of high blood pressure and in the regulation of cardiovascular growth. Recent reports have suggested that in addition to the classical pathways involved in transducing responses to receptor activation, formation of reactive oxygen species by angiotensin II may also ...
Kelsall Christopher J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Endothelin is implicated in graft spasm after coronary artery bypass grafting. We assessed reversal by the endothelium-derived vasodilator C-type natriuretic peptide of prior contraction of radial artery and other vessels commonly used for coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: Segments of human radial artery, saphenous vein, and internal mammary artery ...
Ogawa Koji - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to examine regional differences in the vascular injury induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and to determine its modulation by halothane in canine basilar and mesenteric arteries. METHODS: Rings of canine basilar and mesenteric arteries with intact endothelium were mounted in Krebs bicarbonate solution for isometric ...
Onomoto Masanori - - 2005
Systematic investigations of the actions of phosphodiesterase (PDE)-3 inhibitors on different human vascular tissues have not been performed. We investigated the effects of specific PDE-3 inhibitors (olprinone, milrinone, and amrinone) on contracted human gastroepiploic arteries (n = 70), internal mammary arteries (n = 72), and radial arteries (n = 70) ...
White Richard E RE Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Georgia, 1120 15th St., Augusta, GA 30912-2300, USA. - - 2005
Although previous studies demonstrated beneficial effects of estrogen on cardiovascular function, the Women's Health Initiative has reported an increased incidence of coronary heart disease and stroke in postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement therapy. The objective of the present study was to identify a molecular mechanism whereby estrogen, a vasodilatory hormone, ...
Campbell Morag E - - 2005
Chronic reduction in substrate delivery to the fetus may induce redistribution of fetal cardiac output to maintain nutrient delivery to vital organs, including the brain. Reduced vasoconstriction, in conjunction with increased local synthesis of nitric oxide may contribute to "brain sparing." The authors hypothesized that maternal undernutrition would reduce vasoconstrictor ...
Edvinsson Lars - - 2005
Triptans are agonists at 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D (where 5-HT is 5-hydroxytryptamine; serotonin) receptors and cause vasoconstriction of isolated blood vessels. The aim of the present study was to determine vasoconstrictor potency (EC50) of triptans in human coronary and cerebral arteries and to examine whether there was any relationship with the ...
Niimi Akio - - 2005
A 72-year-old man was referred for further assessment of a chronic cough. He noticed an association between the episodes of coughing and palpitations. Electrocardiography (ECG) revealed normal sinus rhythm and sporadic unifocal ventricular premature contractions (VPCs). Each cough was preceded by a premature beat. Continuous wave Doppler echocardiography revealed a ...
Wareing Mark - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the involvement of rho kinase (ROK) in agonist-dependent contraction of omental, myometrial, and placental arteries of pregnant women at term. STUDY DESIGN: Wire myography was used to assess if contractions of intact or alpha-toxin-permeabilized arteries obtained from women at elective cesarean ...
Pérez-Rivera Alex A - - 2005
The contribution of alpha-1 adrenergic receptor (alpha1-AR) subtypes to neurogenic constrictions of mesenteric resistance arteries from SHAM and deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt (DOCA-salt) hypertensive mice was assessed. Frequency-response curves (0.5-30 Hz) for transmural stimulation-evoked contractions were examined in SHAM and DOCA-salt arteries in vitro in the absence (control) and presence of prazosin ...
Hogan Maurice - - 2005
The influence of repetitive vasodilator concentration response curve determination was investigated in rat mesenteric and femoral small arteries. Arteries were precontracted with noradrenaline and relaxed with acetylcholine (ACh) or K+. Mesenteric arteries exhibited attenuation of ACh-stimulated relaxations during repetitive precontraction/relaxation cycles that was not prevented by SQ29548. Apamin, but not ...
Dukarm Robert C RC Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York at Buffalo, NY, - - 2005
Nitric oxide causes dilation of the pulmonary circulation and reduction in net lung liquid production in the fetal lamb, two critical perinatal events. Phosphodiesterase inhibition alone causes similar changes and also enhances the effects of nitric oxide. To better define the cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate (GMP) pathway in these events, we ...
Chu Yi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Extracellular superoxide dismutase (ECSOD) is a major extracellular antioxidant enzyme. We have demonstrated that vascular effects of ECSOD require an intact heparin-binding domain. A common genetic variant with a substitution in the heparin-binding domain (ECSOD(R213G)) was reported recently to be associated with ischemic heart disease. The goal of this ...
Boer Christa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many patients with severe acute lung injury do not respond to nitric oxide (NO) inhalational therapy with alleviation of pulmonary arterial hypertension and hypoxemia, so this treatment remains controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS.: We investigated in endotoxin-exposed Wistar rat pulmonary arteries whether endogenous NO alters contractile and relaxing responses, by ...
Vaughan Rhys B - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The mechanisms responsible for mesenteric vasodilatation in cirrhosis have not been fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to examine whether there is altered intrinsic vascular reactivity of human mesenteric vessels in cirrhosis, which might contribute to vasodilatation in vivo. METHODS: Ten mesenteric arteries from ...
Wu Ying - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study examined the proarrhythmic potential of the novel antiarrhythmic agent AZD7009 and dofetilide. METHODS AND RESULTS: The electrophysiological and proarrhythmic effects of AZD7009 and dofetilide were assessed in the arterially perfused canine and rabbit left ventricular wedge preparation. The proarrhythmic potential of AZD7009, dofetilide, and azimilide was further ...
Sohn Ju-Tae - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The authors tested the hypothesis that the intravenous anesthetic fentanyl would attenuate the pulmonary vasoconstrictor response to alpha1-adrenoceptor activation. They also investigated the alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes that could potentially mediate this effect of fentanyl. METHODS: Endothelium-denuded canine pulmonary arterial rings were suspended for isometric tension recording. Dose-response curves for the ...
de Groot Patricia - - 2005
PURPOSE: The main aim of the study was to assess the effect and time course of 4 wk of electrically induced leg training on arterial compliance and endothelial function. METHODS: Six spinal cord-injured (SCI) individuals participated in 4 wk of daily one-leg functional electrical stimulation (FES) training for 30 min ...
Busija D W - - 2005
Insulin resistance (IR) has profound, negative effects on the function of arteries and arterioles throughout the body and leads to arterial hypertension and vascular occlusive diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. IR affects arteries and arterioles at both the endothelium and smooth muscle levels. One major, underlying mechanism of ...
Müller-Schweinitzer Else - - 2005
PURPOSE: Cryopreserved human blood vessels may become important tools in bypass surgery. Optimal cryopreservation of an arterial graft should, therefore, preserve both histological and physiological characteristics of smooth muscle and endothelium comparable to the unfrozen artery. METHODS: Rings from human internal mammary arteries (IMA) were investigated in vitro either unfrozen ...
Wangemann Philine - - 2005
The cochlea receives its main blood supply from the basilar artery via the anterior inferior cerebellar artery and the spiral modiolar artery. Morphologic studies have shown sympathetic innervation along the spiral modiolar artery of the gerbil and the guinea pig and functional studies in the isolated in vitro superfused spiral ...
Wareing M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Preliminary data suggest that K(ATP) channels may be expressed in placental arteries and veins [Wareing M, Turner C, Greenwood SL, Baker PN, Fyfe GK. Expression of mRNA encoding K+ channels in chorionic plate arteries and veins. J Soc Gynecol Investig 2004;11:353A]. However, no data exist on glibenclamide's effects in ...
Li Fang - - 2005
Angiotensin II (ANG II) promotes neointimal growth in the balloon-injured rat carotid artery. However, the mechanism by which ANG II stimulates neointimal growth during vascular injury is not known. In cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, ANG II activates Akt through cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2)-dependent phospholipase D2 (PLD2). This study was ...
Zulli Anthony - - 2006
In this study, caveolin-1 (cav-1), an inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), was semi-quantified in diseased human and rabbit blood vessels. New Zealand White rabbits were fed, for 12 weeks, a high methionine diet (to induce intimal hyperplasia), 0.5% cholesterol diet, a normal diet, or the combination of both ...
Kozłowska Hanna - - 2005
We examined whether the beta2-adrenoceptor agonists fenoterol and salbutamol, the beta3-adrenoceptor agonists CL 316243 and ZD 2079, and the agonists of the low-affinity state of beta-adrenoceptors, cyanopindolol and CGP 12177 block alpha1-adrenoceptors in that concentration range in which they relax the human pulmonary and rat mesenteric arteries preconstricted with phenylephrine ...
Lefebvre Blandine - - 2006
We recently developed a model of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) (FiO2 5%, 8 h/day, 35 days) in the rat that was associated with an increased infarction in isolated heart. The aim of the present study was to characterize its functional consequences on vasoreactivity. Aorta and carotid artery were studied using ...
Woodman Christopher R - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that exercise (Ex) training attenuates hypercholesterolemia-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) in brachial (Br) arteries of adult male pigs by enhancing nitric oxide (NO)-mediated EDR. Adult male pigs were fed a normal-fat (NF) or high-fat/cholesterol (HF) diet for 20 wk. Four weeks after the diet was ...
Simandle Steve A - - 2005
Controversy exists concerning whether activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors exerts direct dilator effects on cerebral arteries. The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of isolated piglet arteries to NMDA to determine whether isolated arteries, apart from surrounding neuronal tissue, are capable of responding to NMDA. Piglet arteries ...
Roghair Robert D RD Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. - - 2005
Exposure of the early gestation ovine fetus to exogenous glucocorticoids induces organ-specific alterations in postnatal cardiovascular physiology. To determine whether early gestation corticosteroid exposure alters coronary reactivity before the development of systemic hypertension, dexamethasone (0.28 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1)) was administered to pregnant ewes by intravenous infusion over 48 ...
Tasatargil Arda - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) (eg, nadroparin, enoxaparin, and dalteparin) cause a vasodilatory effect in human internal mammary artery (IMA) and to further compare its effect with unfractioned heparin (UFH). Samples of redundant IMA obtained from 20 patients undergoing a coronary artery ...
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