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Kim Jong-Hoon - - 2006
Previous reports have shown that ginseng saponins, the active ingredients of Panax ginseng, induce relaxation of hormone- or high K(+)-induced blood vessel contraction. We recently demonstrated that 20(R)- and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg(3) epimers regulate ion channel activities in a stereospecific manner. Here, we examined whether ginsenoside Rg(3) epimers also exhibit differential ...
Zhang Rong-Zhen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare electrophysiological measurement of nitric oxide (NO) release and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated endothelial function in porcine pulmonary arteries and veins. METHODS: Isolated pulmonary interlobular arteries (PA) and veins (PV) were obtained from a local slaughterhouse. By using a NO-specific electrode and a conventional intracellular microelectrode, the amount ...
Thakali Keshari - - 2006
Hydrogen peroxide causes vascular contraction and relaxation and contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension. We hypothesized that the contractile state of blood vessels governs whether H2O2 causes contraction or relaxation. Hydrogen peroxide (1 micromol/L to 1 mmol/L) concentration-dependently contracted thoracic aorta and vena cava from sham normotensive and deoxycorticosterone acetate ...
Woodman Christopher R CR Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA. - - 2006
We tested two hypotheses: 1) that the effects of hypercholesterolemia on endothelial function in femoral arteries exceed those reported in brachial arteries and 2) that exercise (Ex) training enhances endothelium-dependent dilation and improves femoral artery blood flow (FABF) in hypercholesterolemic pigs. Adult male pigs were fed a normal fat (NF) ...
Stojnic Natasa - - 2006
Radial artery (RA) is increasingly used as graft for coronary artery bypass grafting due to its good long-term patency. However, the mechanism of peri- and post-operative spasm is still unclear. Because of that, the aim of our study is to analyze the contractility of RA and to determine whether the ...
Ouédraogo Nazinigouba - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chronic alveolar hypoxia results in sustained arterial constriction, and increase in pulmonary vascular resistance leading to pulmonary artery hypertension (PAHT). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of propofol and etomidate on pulmonary artery (PA) reactivity in chronically hypoxic (CH) rats, a model of pulmonary arterial ...
Teskin Onder - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The radial artery is increasingly being used in coronary revascularization as an alternative conduit to a saphenous vein graft. Its perfect endothelial capacity provides a high patency rate comparable with the internal mammary artery (IMA). However, its spastic characteristics cause difficulties during its intraoperative preparation and may lead to ...
Kaye Alan D - - 2006
In a university research laboratory and in separate experiments, the effects of phentolamine, the alpha-adrenergic antagonist; prazosin, an alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist; 5-methyl-urapidil, the selective alpha1A-subtype adrenoceptor antagonist; chloroethylclonidine, an alpha1B- and alpha1D-subtype adrenoceptor antagonist; and BMY 7378, a selective alpha1D-subtype adrenoceptor antagonist were analyzed in an attempt to identify any significant ...
Crespo Maria J - - 2006
Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of myocardial infarction. Despite the predominant role of the coronary arteries in the induction of myocardial infarction, the precise contribution of each artery to this process is not well established. The present work evaluates the histological characteristics and functional properties of ...
González-Luis Gema - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The indazole derivative YC-1 has been characterized as a nitric oxide (NO)-independent and heme dependent soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activator, which also sensitizes sGC to NO. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of YC-1 on vascular relaxation in newborn and 2-week-old piglet pulmonary arteries. The effect of YC-1 on the ...
Polvani Gianluca - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to compare the in vitro effects of 17beta-estradiol on human epicardial coronary arteries, resistance coronary arteries and on arterial vessels usually employed as grafts in surgical myocardial revascularization. METHODS: Coronary artery rings (descending coronary artery, right coronary artery, circumflex coronary artery, first septal branch) and ...
Takase Bonpei - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Nifedipine has been reported to improve endothelial function. However, there are few simultaneous studies on the effects of nifedipine on coronary and peripheral endothelial function in humans. METHODS: To investigate the effects of nifedipine on endothelial function in coronary artery (CA) and brachial artery (BA) in coronary artery disease ...
Huang Xin-Li - - 2005
To explore the underlying mechanism(s) of pulmonary arterial hypertension in endotoxic shock, the roles of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) were investigated. Pulmonary arterial rings (3-mm width) were prepared from 24 rabbits. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), after 7-hour incubation, decreased the endothelium-dependent relaxation response of the arterial ring ...
Cruz Maria Natalia - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate acute vasodilator responses to phytoestrogens and selective estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) agonist in isolated small arteries from men with established coronary heart disease (CHD) and with a history of myocardial infarction versus healthy male control subjects. As to methodology, small arteries obtained from ...
Bell David R - - 2006
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a critical role in the impairment of nitric oxide-mediated vascular functions and overall pathogenesis associated with cardiovascular disease. Plant pigment anthocyanins are exceptionally potent oxygen radical scavengers that produce beneficial effects in diseases outside the cardiovascular system. We examined for the first time the potential ...
Krajnak K - - 2006
The vascular symptoms of hand-arm vibration syndrome, including cold-induced vasospasm, are in part mediated by increased sensitivity of cutaneous arteries to sympathetic stimulation. The goal of the present study was to use a rat tail model to analyze the effects of vibration on vascular function and alpha-adrenoceptor (AR) responsiveness. Rats ...
Lacza Zsombor - - 2006
Urotensin-II (UT-II) is a small circular peptide and is described as the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictor in various vascular beds. However, the in vivo effects of UT-II can be either vasoconstriction or vasodilation depending on the species and the tissue investigated. The present study sought to characterize the vasoactive effect ...
Sun Xin - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the relaxation effect and underlying mechanism of U50,488H (a selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist) in pulmonary artery in the rat. METHODS: Isolated pulmonary artery ring was perfused and the tension of the vessel was measured. RESULTS: U50,488H relaxed the pulmonary artery ring in a dose-dependent manner and the ...
Adachi Hideyuki - - 2005
The gastroepiploic artery, used widely as a conduit in coronary artery bypass grafting, has high vasospasticity. The aims of this study were to examine the vasorelaxant effects of three phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) inhibitors, olprinone, milrinone and amrinone, on isolated gastroepiploic arterial preparations in comparison with a calcium channel blocker diltiazem, ...
Voors Adriaan A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Animal studies demonstrated an interaction between angiotensin II (Ang II) responsiveness and endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR). However, this relation has not been well described in humans. Therefore, we investigated the relation between Ang II responsiveness and EDR in isolated human arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Segments of the internal mammary artery ...
Reel Buket - - 2005
Intimal thickening, due to smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation, is considered to be one of the major components of vascular proliferative disorders such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. One experimental model, resulting in intimal thickening in the rabbit, involves placing a silicon collar around the carotid artery, and is used ...
Nagata Hirofumi - - 2005
The role of poly (adenosine diphosphate-ribose) synthetase (PARS) in the contractile and relaxant responses of pulmonary arteries injured by ischemia and reperfusion (IR) of splanchnic artery has not been evaluated. We examined these responses by using 3-aminobenzamide, a pharmacological inhibitor of PARS. IR models in rats were induced by clamping ...
Achouh Paul - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Spasm remains a potential problem encountered during the use of arterial grafts in coronary artery bypass surgery. Heme oxygenase plays a role in the control of arterial vasoreactivity. Heme oxygenase exists in 2 constitutive isoforms (heme oxygenase 2 and 3) and an inducible isoform (heme oxygenase 1). The aim ...
Salom Juan B - - 2006
We hypothesized that sildenafil, inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5), interacts with the nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP pathway in the cerebral arteries and shows vasoactive effects. To prove it in the isolated rabbit basilar artery, we compared the effects of sildenafil with other PDE-5 inhibitors, assessed the endothelial dependence of the vasoactive responses, ...
Galligan James J - - 2006
This study examined sensory nerves associated with mesenteric arteries and veins in sham and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. Reactivity of arteries and veins to substances released from sensory nerves was also studied in vitro using computer-assisted video microscopy. Co-localization of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity ...
Fischer J?rgen H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Aprotinin is widely used in heart surgery for reduction of intraoperative blood loss. But recent reports presenting results from rat aorta experiments claimed that aprotinin selectively impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) as well as basal NO availability in concentrations similar to doses routinely used in cardiovascular surgery. An impairment of ...
Rakici Ozlem - - 2005
The polyphenolic compound resveratrol presented in red wine has potent cardiovascular effect in animal. Here, we investigated the ability of resveratrol to relax human coronary bypass grafts, saphenous vein and internal mammary artery and also its effect on their endothelial reactivity. Vascular rings were obtained from 38 male patients undergoing ...
Zhirnov Victor V - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the action of ultra-low dose beta-radiation (ULDBR) on isolated segments of blood vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the pharmacological model of isolated rabbit carotid arteries with intact or mechanically removed endothelium. Specific vascular responses to beta-irradiation were registered after addition of (90)Sr in the concentration range ...
Peroni J F - - 2005
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Equine laminitis purportedly involves haemodynamic dysfunction at the level of the laminar vasculature. However, to date, no studies have been performed characterising the function of laminar arteries and veins during the prodromal stages of equine laminitis. HYPOTHESIS: That the prodromal stages of laminitis are associated with ...
Climent Belén - - 2005
To analyse the coronary effects of endothelin-1 after ischemia-reperfusion, the left anterior descending coronary artery of anesthetized pigs was subjected to 30-min occlusion followed by 60-min reperfusion. Then, rings distal (ischemic arteries) and proximal (control arteries) to the occlusion were taken from this artery and prepared for isometric tension recording. ...
Takase Bonpei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vasodilator response to acetylcholine (endothelium-dependent dilation) is impaired in the peripheral and coronary circulation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study is to investigate if the vasodilator response to acetylcholine in the brachial artery (BA) correlates with the same response in the coronary artery ...
Li Hong-Fang - - 2006
The present study was designed to investigate the acute relaxing effect of phytoestrogen resveratrol on isolated porcine coronary arteries and to determine the mechanisms underlying its vasodilatation. Rings of porcine coronary arteries were suspended in organ baths containing Krebs-Henseleit solution, and then isometric tension was measured. Resveratrol concentration-dependently relaxed arterial ...
Miller Alyson A - - 2005
Recent studies suggest that the superoxide generating enzyme NADPH oxidase may play a functional role in regulating cerebral vascular tone. We tested whether the activity, function, and expression of NADPH oxidase differs between rat cerebral and systemic arteries. Superoxide production by basilar (BA), middle cerebral (MCA), carotid (CA), renal (RA), ...
Gao Yu-Jing - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that perivascular adipose tissue from the rat aorta secretes a substance that can dilate the aorta. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether this vasodilator is also present in human internal thoracic arteries. METHODS: Vascular function of human internal thoracic arteries with ...
Becari Christiane - - 2005
We have described the biochemical, enzymatic, and structural properties of a chymostatin-sensitive angiotensin (Ang) I-converting elastase-2 found in the rat mesenteric arterial bed perfusate. We determined the mRNA for elastase-2 and its relative role in generating Ang II in the rat isolated aorta and carotid artery rings. In carotid rings, ...
Püntmann Valentina O - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II is a powerful vasoconstrictor involved in the development of high blood pressure and in the regulation of cardiovascular growth. Recent reports have suggested that in addition to the classical pathways involved in transducing responses to receptor activation, formation of reactive oxygen species by angiotensin II may also ...
Kelsall Christopher J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Endothelin is implicated in graft spasm after coronary artery bypass grafting. We assessed reversal by the endothelium-derived vasodilator C-type natriuretic peptide of prior contraction of radial artery and other vessels commonly used for coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: Segments of human radial artery, saphenous vein, and internal mammary artery ...
Ogawa Koji - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to examine regional differences in the vascular injury induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and to determine its modulation by halothane in canine basilar and mesenteric arteries. METHODS: Rings of canine basilar and mesenteric arteries with intact endothelium were mounted in Krebs bicarbonate solution for isometric ...
Onomoto Masanori - - 2005
Systematic investigations of the actions of phosphodiesterase (PDE)-3 inhibitors on different human vascular tissues have not been performed. We investigated the effects of specific PDE-3 inhibitors (olprinone, milrinone, and amrinone) on contracted human gastroepiploic arteries (n = 70), internal mammary arteries (n = 72), and radial arteries (n = 70) ...
White Richard E RE Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Georgia, 1120 15th St., Augusta, GA 30912-2300, USA. - - 2005
Although previous studies demonstrated beneficial effects of estrogen on cardiovascular function, the Women's Health Initiative has reported an increased incidence of coronary heart disease and stroke in postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement therapy. The objective of the present study was to identify a molecular mechanism whereby estrogen, a vasodilatory hormone, ...
Campbell Morag E - - 2005
Chronic reduction in substrate delivery to the fetus may induce redistribution of fetal cardiac output to maintain nutrient delivery to vital organs, including the brain. Reduced vasoconstriction, in conjunction with increased local synthesis of nitric oxide may contribute to "brain sparing." The authors hypothesized that maternal undernutrition would reduce vasoconstrictor ...
Edvinsson Lars - - 2005
Triptans are agonists at 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D (where 5-HT is 5-hydroxytryptamine; serotonin) receptors and cause vasoconstriction of isolated blood vessels. The aim of the present study was to determine vasoconstrictor potency (EC50) of triptans in human coronary and cerebral arteries and to examine whether there was any relationship with the ...
Niimi Akio - - 2005
A 72-year-old man was referred for further assessment of a chronic cough. He noticed an association between the episodes of coughing and palpitations. Electrocardiography (ECG) revealed normal sinus rhythm and sporadic unifocal ventricular premature contractions (VPCs). Each cough was preceded by a premature beat. Continuous wave Doppler echocardiography revealed a ...
Wareing Mark - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the involvement of rho kinase (ROK) in agonist-dependent contraction of omental, myometrial, and placental arteries of pregnant women at term. STUDY DESIGN: Wire myography was used to assess if contractions of intact or alpha-toxin-permeabilized arteries obtained from women at elective cesarean ...
Pérez-Rivera Alex A - - 2005
The contribution of alpha-1 adrenergic receptor (alpha1-AR) subtypes to neurogenic constrictions of mesenteric resistance arteries from SHAM and deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt (DOCA-salt) hypertensive mice was assessed. Frequency-response curves (0.5-30 Hz) for transmural stimulation-evoked contractions were examined in SHAM and DOCA-salt arteries in vitro in the absence (control) and presence of prazosin ...
Hogan Maurice - - 2005
The influence of repetitive vasodilator concentration response curve determination was investigated in rat mesenteric and femoral small arteries. Arteries were precontracted with noradrenaline and relaxed with acetylcholine (ACh) or K+. Mesenteric arteries exhibited attenuation of ACh-stimulated relaxations during repetitive precontraction/relaxation cycles that was not prevented by SQ29548. Apamin, but not ...
Dukarm Robert C RC Department of Pediatrics, State University of New York at Buffalo, NY, - - 2005
Nitric oxide causes dilation of the pulmonary circulation and reduction in net lung liquid production in the fetal lamb, two critical perinatal events. Phosphodiesterase inhibition alone causes similar changes and also enhances the effects of nitric oxide. To better define the cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate (GMP) pathway in these events, we ...
Chu Yi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Extracellular superoxide dismutase (ECSOD) is a major extracellular antioxidant enzyme. We have demonstrated that vascular effects of ECSOD require an intact heparin-binding domain. A common genetic variant with a substitution in the heparin-binding domain (ECSOD(R213G)) was reported recently to be associated with ischemic heart disease. The goal of this ...
Boer Christa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many patients with severe acute lung injury do not respond to nitric oxide (NO) inhalational therapy with alleviation of pulmonary arterial hypertension and hypoxemia, so this treatment remains controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS.: We investigated in endotoxin-exposed Wistar rat pulmonary arteries whether endogenous NO alters contractile and relaxing responses, by ...
Vaughan Rhys B - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The mechanisms responsible for mesenteric vasodilatation in cirrhosis have not been fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to examine whether there is altered intrinsic vascular reactivity of human mesenteric vessels in cirrhosis, which might contribute to vasodilatation in vivo. METHODS: Ten mesenteric arteries from ...
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