Search Results
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Peroni J F - - 2005
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Equine laminitis purportedly involves haemodynamic dysfunction at the level of the laminar vasculature. However, to date, no studies have been performed characterising the function of laminar arteries and veins during the prodromal stages of equine laminitis. HYPOTHESIS: That the prodromal stages of laminitis are associated with ...
Climent Belén - - 2005
To analyse the coronary effects of endothelin-1 after ischemia-reperfusion, the left anterior descending coronary artery of anesthetized pigs was subjected to 30-min occlusion followed by 60-min reperfusion. Then, rings distal (ischemic arteries) and proximal (control arteries) to the occlusion were taken from this artery and prepared for isometric tension recording. ...
Takase Bonpei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Vasodilator response to acetylcholine (endothelium-dependent dilation) is impaired in the peripheral and coronary circulation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study is to investigate if the vasodilator response to acetylcholine in the brachial artery (BA) correlates with the same response in the coronary artery ...
Li Hong-Fang - - 2006
The present study was designed to investigate the acute relaxing effect of phytoestrogen resveratrol on isolated porcine coronary arteries and to determine the mechanisms underlying its vasodilatation. Rings of porcine coronary arteries were suspended in organ baths containing Krebs-Henseleit solution, and then isometric tension was measured. Resveratrol concentration-dependently relaxed arterial ...
Miller Alyson A - - 2005
Recent studies suggest that the superoxide generating enzyme NADPH oxidase may play a functional role in regulating cerebral vascular tone. We tested whether the activity, function, and expression of NADPH oxidase differs between rat cerebral and systemic arteries. Superoxide production by basilar (BA), middle cerebral (MCA), carotid (CA), renal (RA), ...
Gao Yu-Jing - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that perivascular adipose tissue from the rat aorta secretes a substance that can dilate the aorta. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether this vasodilator is also present in human internal thoracic arteries. METHODS: Vascular function of human internal thoracic arteries with ...
Becari Christiane - - 2005
We have described the biochemical, enzymatic, and structural properties of a chymostatin-sensitive angiotensin (Ang) I-converting elastase-2 found in the rat mesenteric arterial bed perfusate. We determined the mRNA for elastase-2 and its relative role in generating Ang II in the rat isolated aorta and carotid artery rings. In carotid rings, ...
Püntmann Valentina O - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II is a powerful vasoconstrictor involved in the development of high blood pressure and in the regulation of cardiovascular growth. Recent reports have suggested that in addition to the classical pathways involved in transducing responses to receptor activation, formation of reactive oxygen species by angiotensin II may also ...
Kelsall Christopher J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Endothelin is implicated in graft spasm after coronary artery bypass grafting. We assessed reversal by the endothelium-derived vasodilator C-type natriuretic peptide of prior contraction of radial artery and other vessels commonly used for coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: Segments of human radial artery, saphenous vein, and internal mammary artery ...
Ogawa Koji - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was designed to examine regional differences in the vascular injury induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and to determine its modulation by halothane in canine basilar and mesenteric arteries. METHODS: Rings of canine basilar and mesenteric arteries with intact endothelium were mounted in Krebs bicarbonate solution for isometric ...
Onomoto Masanori - - 2005
Systematic investigations of the actions of phosphodiesterase (PDE)-3 inhibitors on different human vascular tissues have not been performed. We investigated the effects of specific PDE-3 inhibitors (olprinone, milrinone, and amrinone) on contracted human gastroepiploic arteries (n = 70), internal mammary arteries (n = 72), and radial arteries (n = 70) ...
White Richard E - - 2005
Although previous studies demonstrated beneficial effects of estrogen on cardiovascular function, the Women's Health Initiative has reported an increased incidence of coronary heart disease and stroke in postmenopausal women taking hormone replacement therapy. The objective of the present study was to identify a molecular mechanism whereby estrogen, a vasodilatory hormone, ...
Campbell Morag E - - 2005
Chronic reduction in substrate delivery to the fetus may induce redistribution of fetal cardiac output to maintain nutrient delivery to vital organs, including the brain. Reduced vasoconstriction, in conjunction with increased local synthesis of nitric oxide may contribute to "brain sparing." The authors hypothesized that maternal undernutrition would reduce vasoconstrictor ...
Edvinsson Lars - - 2005
Triptans are agonists at 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D (where 5-HT is 5-hydroxytryptamine; serotonin) receptors and cause vasoconstriction of isolated blood vessels. The aim of the present study was to determine vasoconstrictor potency (EC50) of triptans in human coronary and cerebral arteries and to examine whether there was any relationship with the ...
Niimi Akio - - 2005
A 72-year-old man was referred for further assessment of a chronic cough. He noticed an association between the episodes of coughing and palpitations. Electrocardiography (ECG) revealed normal sinus rhythm and sporadic unifocal ventricular premature contractions (VPCs). Each cough was preceded by a premature beat. Continuous wave Doppler echocardiography revealed a ...
Wareing Mark - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the involvement of rho kinase (ROK) in agonist-dependent contraction of omental, myometrial, and placental arteries of pregnant women at term. STUDY DESIGN: Wire myography was used to assess if contractions of intact or alpha-toxin-permeabilized arteries obtained from women at elective cesarean ...
Pérez-Rivera Alex A - - 2005
The contribution of alpha-1 adrenergic receptor (alpha1-AR) subtypes to neurogenic constrictions of mesenteric resistance arteries from SHAM and deoxycorticosterone acetate-salt (DOCA-salt) hypertensive mice was assessed. Frequency-response curves (0.5-30 Hz) for transmural stimulation-evoked contractions were examined in SHAM and DOCA-salt arteries in vitro in the absence (control) and presence of prazosin ...
Hogan Maurice - - 2005
The influence of repetitive vasodilator concentration response curve determination was investigated in rat mesenteric and femoral small arteries. Arteries were precontracted with noradrenaline and relaxed with acetylcholine (ACh) or K+. Mesenteric arteries exhibited attenuation of ACh-stimulated relaxations during repetitive precontraction/relaxation cycles that was not prevented by SQ29548. Apamin, but not ...
Dukarm Robert C - - 2005
Nitric oxide causes dilation of the pulmonary circulation and reduction in net lung liquid production in the fetal lamb, two critical perinatal events. Phosphodiesterase inhibition alone causes similar changes and also enhances the effects of nitric oxide. To better define the cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate (GMP) pathway in these events, we ...
Chu Yi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Extracellular superoxide dismutase (ECSOD) is a major extracellular antioxidant enzyme. We have demonstrated that vascular effects of ECSOD require an intact heparin-binding domain. A common genetic variant with a substitution in the heparin-binding domain (ECSOD(R213G)) was reported recently to be associated with ischemic heart disease. The goal of this ...
Boer Christa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Many patients with severe acute lung injury do not respond to nitric oxide (NO) inhalational therapy with alleviation of pulmonary arterial hypertension and hypoxemia, so this treatment remains controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS.: We investigated in endotoxin-exposed Wistar rat pulmonary arteries whether endogenous NO alters contractile and relaxing responses, by ...
Vaughan Rhys B - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The mechanisms responsible for mesenteric vasodilatation in cirrhosis have not been fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to examine whether there is altered intrinsic vascular reactivity of human mesenteric vessels in cirrhosis, which might contribute to vasodilatation in vivo. METHODS: Ten mesenteric arteries from ...
Wu Ying - - 2005
BACKGROUND: This study examined the proarrhythmic potential of the novel antiarrhythmic agent AZD7009 and dofetilide. METHODS AND RESULTS: The electrophysiological and proarrhythmic effects of AZD7009 and dofetilide were assessed in the arterially perfused canine and rabbit left ventricular wedge preparation. The proarrhythmic potential of AZD7009, dofetilide, and azimilide was further ...
Sohn Ju-Tae - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The authors tested the hypothesis that the intravenous anesthetic fentanyl would attenuate the pulmonary vasoconstrictor response to alpha1-adrenoceptor activation. They also investigated the alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes that could potentially mediate this effect of fentanyl. METHODS: Endothelium-denuded canine pulmonary arterial rings were suspended for isometric tension recording. Dose-response curves for the ...
de Groot Patricia - - 2005
PURPOSE: The main aim of the study was to assess the effect and time course of 4 wk of electrically induced leg training on arterial compliance and endothelial function. METHODS: Six spinal cord-injured (SCI) individuals participated in 4 wk of daily one-leg functional electrical stimulation (FES) training for 30 min ...
Busija D W - - 2005
Insulin resistance (IR) has profound, negative effects on the function of arteries and arterioles throughout the body and leads to arterial hypertension and vascular occlusive diseases such as heart attacks and strokes. IR affects arteries and arterioles at both the endothelium and smooth muscle levels. One major, underlying mechanism of ...
Müller-Schweinitzer Else - - 2005
PURPOSE: Cryopreserved human blood vessels may become important tools in bypass surgery. Optimal cryopreservation of an arterial graft should, therefore, preserve both histological and physiological characteristics of smooth muscle and endothelium comparable to the unfrozen artery. METHODS: Rings from human internal mammary arteries (IMA) were investigated in vitro either unfrozen ...
Wangemann Philine - - 2005
The cochlea receives its main blood supply from the basilar artery via the anterior inferior cerebellar artery and the spiral modiolar artery. Morphologic studies have shown sympathetic innervation along the spiral modiolar artery of the gerbil and the guinea pig and functional studies in the isolated in vitro superfused spiral ...
Wareing M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Preliminary data suggest that K(ATP) channels may be expressed in placental arteries and veins [Wareing M, Turner C, Greenwood SL, Baker PN, Fyfe GK. Expression of mRNA encoding K+ channels in chorionic plate arteries and veins. J Soc Gynecol Investig 2004;11:353A]. However, no data exist on glibenclamide's effects in ...
Li Fang - - 2005
Angiotensin II (ANG II) promotes neointimal growth in the balloon-injured rat carotid artery. However, the mechanism by which ANG II stimulates neointimal growth during vascular injury is not known. In cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, ANG II activates Akt through cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2)-dependent phospholipase D2 (PLD2). This study was ...
Zulli Anthony - - 2006
In this study, caveolin-1 (cav-1), an inhibitor of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), was semi-quantified in diseased human and rabbit blood vessels. New Zealand White rabbits were fed, for 12 weeks, a high methionine diet (to induce intimal hyperplasia), 0.5% cholesterol diet, a normal diet, or the combination of both ...
Kozłowska Hanna - - 2005
We examined whether the beta2-adrenoceptor agonists fenoterol and salbutamol, the beta3-adrenoceptor agonists CL 316243 and ZD 2079, and the agonists of the low-affinity state of beta-adrenoceptors, cyanopindolol and CGP 12177 block alpha1-adrenoceptors in that concentration range in which they relax the human pulmonary and rat mesenteric arteries preconstricted with phenylephrine ...
Lefebvre Blandine - - 2006
We recently developed a model of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) (FiO2 5%, 8 h/day, 35 days) in the rat that was associated with an increased infarction in isolated heart. The aim of the present study was to characterize its functional consequences on vasoreactivity. Aorta and carotid artery were studied using ...
Woodman Christopher R - - 2005
We tested the hypothesis that exercise (Ex) training attenuates hypercholesterolemia-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) in brachial (Br) arteries of adult male pigs by enhancing nitric oxide (NO)-mediated EDR. Adult male pigs were fed a normal-fat (NF) or high-fat/cholesterol (HF) diet for 20 wk. Four weeks after the diet was ...
Simandle Steve A - - 2005
Controversy exists concerning whether activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors exerts direct dilator effects on cerebral arteries. The purpose of this study was to examine the responses of isolated piglet arteries to NMDA to determine whether isolated arteries, apart from surrounding neuronal tissue, are capable of responding to NMDA. Piglet arteries ...
Roghair Robert D - - 2005
Exposure of the early gestation ovine fetus to exogenous glucocorticoids induces organ-specific alterations in postnatal cardiovascular physiology. To determine whether early gestation corticosteroid exposure alters coronary reactivity before the development of systemic hypertension, dexamethasone (0.28 mg x kg(-1) x day(-1)) was administered to pregnant ewes by intravenous infusion over 48 ...
Tasatargil Arda - - 2005
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) (eg, nadroparin, enoxaparin, and dalteparin) cause a vasodilatory effect in human internal mammary artery (IMA) and to further compare its effect with unfractioned heparin (UFH). Samples of redundant IMA obtained from 20 patients undergoing a coronary artery ...
Pérez-Rivera Alex A - - 2005
We characterized vascular reactivity to endothelin-1 (ET-1) in mesenteric vessels from DOCA-salt hypertensive and SHAM control mice and assessed the effect that endothelial-derived vasodilators have on ET-1-induced vasoconstriction. Changes in the diameter of unpressurized small mesenteric arteries and veins (100- to 300-microm outside diameter) were measured in vitro using computer-assisted ...
Koramaz Ismail - - 2005
Perioperative spasm of internal mammary artery is a common experience in coronary artery bypass grafting. Many techniques were described of harvesting the internal mammary artery to prevent vasospasm. We investigated the comparison of the contracting and relaxing responses of human internal mammary artery grafts harvested by two different methods. Patients ...
Sathishkumar K - - 2005
Segmental heterogeneity in relaxation response to nitric oxide (NO) was examined using NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in second- (medium) and fourth-generation (small) ovine isolated intralobar pulmonary arteries. In vessels precontracted with serotonin, NO donors SNP and S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) were more potent in relaxing medium, in comparison to the small, ...
Leblais Véronique - - 2005
We have recently shown that the beta-adrenoceptor ligands CGP 12177, bupranolol, and SR 59230A (aryloxypropanolamines), but not BRL 37344 and CL 316243 (phenylethanolamines), exhibit significant affinity for alpha1-adrenoceptors and that CGP 12177 displays partial agonist properties at alpha-adrenoceptors in rat pulmonary artery. In this study, bupranolol and SR 59230A were ...
Elmedal Britt - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) donors could constitute an alternative to inhaled NO as treatment in some patients with pulmonary hypertension. Therefore, the present study investigated the relaxation mechanisms of a novel NO donor, 3-(3-chloro-2-methylphenyl)-5-[[4-methylphenyl)sulphonyl]amino]-)hydroxide (GEA 3175) in segments of human pulmonary arteries and bronchioles, which were mounted in microvascular myographs. GEA ...
Xu Pei-Han - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to assess the direct effects of dobutamine on porcine coronary arteries and to investigate the mechanism of its action. Rings of coronary arteries from pigs were suspended in baths containing Krebs solution, and isometric tension was measured. The response to dobutamine (10(-8)-10(-3) M) was ...
Kim Moon Young - - 2005
We compared the branches and trunk of rat superior mesenteric artery (SMA) with respect to extracellular pH (pHo)-dependent changes in vascular contractility. Decreases in pHo from 7.8 to 6.4 significantly reduced apparent affinity (pD2) to norepinephrine (NE) and maximal contraction by NE, which were more prominent in larger-diameter arteries. On ...
Hsiao Shih-Hsuan - - 2005
Fumonisin mycotoxicosis in pigs causes a decrease in mean aortic pressure, an increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure, and increases in serum concentrations of sphinganine (3.2 microM) and sphingosine (1.4 microM). To determine a causal relationship between the hemodynamic changes and sphingolipid alterations, we examined the in vitro effects of ...
Gozalov A - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of K(ATP) channel openers pinacidil and levcromakalim on rat dural and pial arteries as well as their inhibition by glibenclamide. We used an in-vivo genuine closed cranial window model and an in-vitro organ bath. Glibenclamide alone reduced the dural ...
Ortega Joaquín - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We studied the intervention of nitric oxide (NO), prostacyclin and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) in mediating responses to acetylcholine in thyroid arteries from euthyroid and methimazole-treated (MT) patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: Branches of the superior thyroid artery were obtained from 19 euthyroid patients and 17 MT patients (euthyroid at ...
Hartl Roger - - 2005
We have previously observed that intraarterial verapamil increases cerebral blood flow, whereas nitric oxide donors, such as nitroglycerin, do not. Clinically, both verapamil and nitroglycerin dilate large cerebral arteries. Therefore, we hypothesized that topical verapamil would dilate both the large proximal and the small distal cerebral arteries, whereas nitroglycerin would ...
Moore Rustin M - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine and compare the in vitro responses of equine large colon arterial and venous rings to vasodilatory neuropeptides; calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP); substance P (SP); vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP); and acetylcholine (ACh), a standard nonpeptide endothelium-dependent vasodilator. Responses of vessel rings to graded ...
Gonzales Rayna J - - 2005
We previously showed that testosterone, administered in vivo, increases the tone of cerebral arteries. A possible underlying mechanism is increased vasoconstriction through the thromboxane A2 (TxA2) pathway. Therefore, we investigated the effect of chronic testosterone treatment (4 wk) on TxA2 synthase levels and the contribution of TxA2 to vascular tone ...
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