Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2890
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Sato Naoki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Experimental study has shown that blunted arterial baroreflex function markedly attenuated inotropic responses to a phosphodiesterase inhibitor (PDEI) even in normal hearts. However, whether arterial baroreflex function is related to the inotropic responsiveness to a PDEI has not been clarified in human heart failure (HF). HYPOTHESIS: The goal of ...
Widmer Corinne C - - 2006
Although endothelin (ET)-1 is one of the strongest known vasoconstrictors in most species, we and others have previously found that it is only weakly effective in the mouse aorta. The aim of this study was to further investigate vasoactive effects of ET-1 in vascular beds generally known to be particularly ...
Arshad Muhammad - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The internal mammary artery (IMA) and the radial artery (RA) are routinely used in coronary artery bypass grafting. However, RA grafts have a higher incidence of postoperative vasospasm and comparatively poor patency rates. The present study was undertaken to investigate the signaling pathways mediating contraction and relaxation in the ...
Wang M - - 2006
Acetylcholine (ACh) induces nasal congestion at low doses but decongestion at high doses. The current study investigated the vascular mechanisms underlying this biphasic nasal airway response in dogs. Collecting and outflow veins from anterior and posterior nasal venous systems and the septal mucosa (containing sinusoidal venous plexuses) were isolated. The ...
Knock Greg A - - 2006
We examined the effects of dietary soy on the contributions of endothelium-derived hyperpolarising factor (EDHF), nitric oxide (NO), and oxidative stress to vascular tone in isolated aortic rings and small mesenteric and pulmonary arteries in vitro. Male Wistar rats were either continuously fed a soy-deficient diet (SD) or switched from ...
Fresquet Fleur - - 2006
1. This study investigates the role of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) on endothelial function of pulmonary arteries in a mice model of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. 2. In pulmonary arteries from control mice, the NO-synthase inhibitor Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) potentiated contraction to prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) and ...
Jacobs Elizabeth R - - 2006
The cytochrome P-450 metabolite 20-HETE induces calcium-, endothelial-, and nitric oxide (NO)-dependent relaxation of bovine pulmonary arteries (PA). VEGF is an NO-dependent dilator of systemic arteries and plays a key role in maintaining the integrity of the pulmonary vasculature. We tested the effect of VEGF on PA diameter and tone ...
Yada Toyotaka - - 2006
We have recently demonstrated that endogenous H2O2 plays an important role in coronary autoregulation in vivo. However, the role of H2O2 during coronary ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains to be examined. In this study, we examined whether endogenous H2O2 also plays a protective role in coronary I/R injury in dogs in ...
Nandi Manasi M Division of Medicine, British Heart Foundation Labortories, The Rayne Institute, University College London, London, WC1E 6JJ, United Kingdom. - - 2006
Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in lowering pulmonary vascular resistance after birth. However, in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) NO-mediated dilation is dysfunctional. GTP-cyclohydrolase 1 (GTP-CH1) is the rate-limiting enzyme for the biosynthesis of 6R-L-erythro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) an essential cofactor for nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity. Suboptimal ...
Gursoy Sinan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Intravenous anesthetics are often used for anesthesia, sedation, and analgesia in the intraoperative and postoperative periods of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This study was designed to investigate the direct effects of intravenous anesthetics on the human radial artery (RA). DESIGN: In vitro, prospective with repeated measures. SETTING: ...
Ohata Shuzo - - 2006
1. Previous clinical studies with prostaglandin I(2) (PGI(2)) analogue beraprost sodium suggested the potential effects on protection of cardiovascular events in patients with peripheral artery disease. Although the mechanism is not well known, experimental studies have shown protective effects of endothelial cells. This study was designed to examine the effects ...
Barber Melissa N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Neutral endopeptidase (NEP, EC 3.4.24.11) metabolises endogenous vasoactive peptides that may protect against atherogenesis. Since NEP is found in the adventitia of arteries, we investigated the anti-atherogenic effects of chronic adventitial NEP inhibition. METHODS: Intimal hyperplasia of rabbit carotid arteries was induced by placement of soft, non-occlusive, peri-arterial silastic ...
Shi Yi - - 2006
Individual vascular beds exhibit differences in vascular reactivity. The present study investigates the effects of streptozotocin-induced type I diabetes on endothelium-dependent responses of rat carotid, femoral, and mesenteric arteries. Rings with and without endothelium, suspended in organ chambers for isometric tension recording, were contracted with phenylephrine and exposed to increasing ...
McNeish Alister J - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor responses in the rat middle cerebral artery are blocked by inhibiting IKCa channels alone, contrasting with peripheral vessels where block of both IKCa and SKCa is required. As the contribution of IKCa and SKCa to endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization differs in peripheral arteries, depending on the ...
Tasatargil Arda - - 2007
This study was aimed to examine the effects of homocysteine (Hcy) on vascular responsiveness of guinea-pig isolated pulmonary arteries and to investigate possible underlying mechanisms. In order to evaluate vascular reactivity, isometric tension studies were performed in response to potassium chloride (KCl), phenylephrine (Phe), acetylcholine (ACh), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP). ...
Young Joseph B - - 2007
There are few instruments specifically designed to measure circumferential force generated by ring segments of arteries in vitro. Typical limitations of some existing machines include poor isometry, large organ bath volume or difficult sample mounting. The authors designed, built and tested a device for isometric tension recording of force developed ...
Gazzieri David - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Consumption of alcoholic beverages reduces the risk of coronary artery disease (CAD), and epidemiological studies have shown that ethanol per se is protective. However, the mechanism by which ethanol exerts protection is not fully known. Ethanol can stimulate neuropeptide-containing primary sensory neurons via the activation of transient receptor potential ...
Ohwada Takayuki - - 2006
We investigated the difference in vascular responses and remodeling between coronary and iliac arteries after repeated endothelial denudation. Endothelial denudation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and the right common iliac artery (RIA) was repeated 4 times twice a month using a Fogarty catheter in 21 pigs. Vascular ...
Gursoy S - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Arterial grafts are prone to vasospasm. Opioid analgesics are commonly used in the perioperative course of cardiac surgical procedures. Therefore, we investigated the direct effects of morphine, meperidine, fentanyl and remifentanil on the human radial artery. METHODS: Radial artery segments, obtained from 20 patients, were precontracted with ...
Kato Kenichi - - 2006
We investigated the difference in the characteristics of endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced contraction and the responses of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) between rat small pulmonary artery and renal artery. ET-1 (30 nM) failed to elicit any contraction in renal arteries pretreated with 3 microM BQ-123, an ETA blocker. However, in the pulmonary ...
Hanna Salma Toma - - 2006
Smoking is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Nicotine is one of the components of cigarette smoke. Nicotine effects on the cardiovascular system reflect the activity of the nicotine receptors centrally and on peripheral autonomic ganglia. It has been found that cigarette smoke extract-induced contraction ...
Tsai Ben M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Endotoxemia causes paradoxical effects on the systemic and pulmonary vasculature, resulting in systemic hypotension and increased pulmonary artery pressure. The local production of inflammatory mediators may have important effects on vascular tissue function. The purpose of this study was to delineate differences in function and the expression of tissue ...
Kim Jong-Hoon - - 2006
Previous reports have shown that ginseng saponins, the active ingredients of Panax ginseng, induce relaxation of hormone- or high K(+)-induced blood vessel contraction. We recently demonstrated that 20(R)- and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg(3) epimers regulate ion channel activities in a stereospecific manner. Here, we examined whether ginsenoside Rg(3) epimers also exhibit differential ...
Zhang Rong-Zhen - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare electrophysiological measurement of nitric oxide (NO) release and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF)-mediated endothelial function in porcine pulmonary arteries and veins. METHODS: Isolated pulmonary interlobular arteries (PA) and veins (PV) were obtained from a local slaughterhouse. By using a NO-specific electrode and a conventional intracellular microelectrode, the amount ...
Thakali Keshari - - 2006
Hydrogen peroxide causes vascular contraction and relaxation and contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension. We hypothesized that the contractile state of blood vessels governs whether H2O2 causes contraction or relaxation. Hydrogen peroxide (1 micromol/L to 1 mmol/L) concentration-dependently contracted thoracic aorta and vena cava from sham normotensive and deoxycorticosterone acetate ...
Woodman Christopher R - - 2006
We tested two hypotheses: 1) that the effects of hypercholesterolemia on endothelial function in femoral arteries exceed those reported in brachial arteries and 2) that exercise (Ex) training enhances endothelium-dependent dilation and improves femoral artery blood flow (FABF) in hypercholesterolemic pigs. Adult male pigs were fed a normal fat (NF) ...
Stojnic Natasa - - 2006
Radial artery (RA) is increasingly used as graft for coronary artery bypass grafting due to its good long-term patency. However, the mechanism of peri- and post-operative spasm is still unclear. Because of that, the aim of our study is to analyze the contractility of RA and to determine whether the ...
Ouédraogo Nazinigouba - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chronic alveolar hypoxia results in sustained arterial constriction, and increase in pulmonary vascular resistance leading to pulmonary artery hypertension (PAHT). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of propofol and etomidate on pulmonary artery (PA) reactivity in chronically hypoxic (CH) rats, a model of pulmonary arterial ...
Teskin Onder - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The radial artery is increasingly being used in coronary revascularization as an alternative conduit to a saphenous vein graft. Its perfect endothelial capacity provides a high patency rate comparable with the internal mammary artery (IMA). However, its spastic characteristics cause difficulties during its intraoperative preparation and may lead to ...
Kaye Alan D - - 2006
In a university research laboratory and in separate experiments, the effects of phentolamine, the alpha-adrenergic antagonist; prazosin, an alpha1-adrenoceptor antagonist; 5-methyl-urapidil, the selective alpha1A-subtype adrenoceptor antagonist; chloroethylclonidine, an alpha1B- and alpha1D-subtype adrenoceptor antagonist; and BMY 7378, a selective alpha1D-subtype adrenoceptor antagonist were analyzed in an attempt to identify any significant ...
Crespo Maria J - - 2006
Coronary artery disease is one of the leading causes of myocardial infarction. Despite the predominant role of the coronary arteries in the induction of myocardial infarction, the precise contribution of each artery to this process is not well established. The present work evaluates the histological characteristics and functional properties of ...
González-Luis Gema - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The indazole derivative YC-1 has been characterized as a nitric oxide (NO)-independent and heme dependent soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activator, which also sensitizes sGC to NO. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of YC-1 on vascular relaxation in newborn and 2-week-old piglet pulmonary arteries. The effect of YC-1 on the ...
Polvani Gianluca - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to compare the in vitro effects of 17beta-estradiol on human epicardial coronary arteries, resistance coronary arteries and on arterial vessels usually employed as grafts in surgical myocardial revascularization. METHODS: Coronary artery rings (descending coronary artery, right coronary artery, circumflex coronary artery, first septal branch) and ...
Takase Bonpei - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Nifedipine has been reported to improve endothelial function. However, there are few simultaneous studies on the effects of nifedipine on coronary and peripheral endothelial function in humans. METHODS: To investigate the effects of nifedipine on endothelial function in coronary artery (CA) and brachial artery (BA) in coronary artery disease ...
Huang Xin-Li - - 2005
To explore the underlying mechanism(s) of pulmonary arterial hypertension in endotoxic shock, the roles of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) were investigated. Pulmonary arterial rings (3-mm width) were prepared from 24 rabbits. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), after 7-hour incubation, decreased the endothelium-dependent relaxation response of the arterial ring ...
Cruz Maria Natalia - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate acute vasodilator responses to phytoestrogens and selective estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) agonist in isolated small arteries from men with established coronary heart disease (CHD) and with a history of myocardial infarction versus healthy male control subjects. As to methodology, small arteries obtained from ...
Bell David R - - 2006
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a critical role in the impairment of nitric oxide-mediated vascular functions and overall pathogenesis associated with cardiovascular disease. Plant pigment anthocyanins are exceptionally potent oxygen radical scavengers that produce beneficial effects in diseases outside the cardiovascular system. We examined for the first time the potential ...
Krajnak K - - 2006
The vascular symptoms of hand-arm vibration syndrome, including cold-induced vasospasm, are in part mediated by increased sensitivity of cutaneous arteries to sympathetic stimulation. The goal of the present study was to use a rat tail model to analyze the effects of vibration on vascular function and alpha-adrenoceptor (AR) responsiveness. Rats ...
Lacza Zsombor - - 2006
Urotensin-II (UT-II) is a small circular peptide and is described as the most potent endogenous vasoconstrictor in various vascular beds. However, the in vivo effects of UT-II can be either vasoconstriction or vasodilation depending on the species and the tissue investigated. The present study sought to characterize the vasoactive effect ...
Sun Xin - - 2006
AIM: To investigate the relaxation effect and underlying mechanism of U50,488H (a selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist) in pulmonary artery in the rat. METHODS: Isolated pulmonary artery ring was perfused and the tension of the vessel was measured. RESULTS: U50,488H relaxed the pulmonary artery ring in a dose-dependent manner and the ...
Adachi Hideyuki - - 2005
The gastroepiploic artery, used widely as a conduit in coronary artery bypass grafting, has high vasospasticity. The aims of this study were to examine the vasorelaxant effects of three phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) inhibitors, olprinone, milrinone and amrinone, on isolated gastroepiploic arterial preparations in comparison with a calcium channel blocker diltiazem, ...
Voors Adriaan A - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Animal studies demonstrated an interaction between angiotensin II (Ang II) responsiveness and endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR). However, this relation has not been well described in humans. Therefore, we investigated the relation between Ang II responsiveness and EDR in isolated human arteries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Segments of the internal mammary artery ...
Reel Buket - - 2005
Intimal thickening, due to smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation, is considered to be one of the major components of vascular proliferative disorders such as atherosclerosis and restenosis. One experimental model, resulting in intimal thickening in the rabbit, involves placing a silicon collar around the carotid artery, and is used ...
Nagata Hirofumi - - 2005
The role of poly (adenosine diphosphate-ribose) synthetase (PARS) in the contractile and relaxant responses of pulmonary arteries injured by ischemia and reperfusion (IR) of splanchnic artery has not been evaluated. We examined these responses by using 3-aminobenzamide, a pharmacological inhibitor of PARS. IR models in rats were induced by clamping ...
Achouh Paul - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Spasm remains a potential problem encountered during the use of arterial grafts in coronary artery bypass surgery. Heme oxygenase plays a role in the control of arterial vasoreactivity. Heme oxygenase exists in 2 constitutive isoforms (heme oxygenase 2 and 3) and an inducible isoform (heme oxygenase 1). The aim ...
Salom Juan B - - 2006
We hypothesized that sildenafil, inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5), interacts with the nitric oxide (NO)-cGMP pathway in the cerebral arteries and shows vasoactive effects. To prove it in the isolated rabbit basilar artery, we compared the effects of sildenafil with other PDE-5 inhibitors, assessed the endothelial dependence of the vasoactive responses, ...
Galligan James J - - 2006
This study examined sensory nerves associated with mesenteric arteries and veins in sham and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. Reactivity of arteries and veins to substances released from sensory nerves was also studied in vitro using computer-assisted video microscopy. Co-localization of substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity ...
Fischer J?rgen H - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Aprotinin is widely used in heart surgery for reduction of intraoperative blood loss. But recent reports presenting results from rat aorta experiments claimed that aprotinin selectively impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) as well as basal NO availability in concentrations similar to doses routinely used in cardiovascular surgery. An impairment of ...
Rakici Ozlem - - 2005
The polyphenolic compound resveratrol presented in red wine has potent cardiovascular effect in animal. Here, we investigated the ability of resveratrol to relax human coronary bypass grafts, saphenous vein and internal mammary artery and also its effect on their endothelial reactivity. Vascular rings were obtained from 38 male patients undergoing ...
Zhirnov Victor V - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the action of ultra-low dose beta-radiation (ULDBR) on isolated segments of blood vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the pharmacological model of isolated rabbit carotid arteries with intact or mechanically removed endothelium. Specific vascular responses to beta-irradiation were registered after addition of (90)Sr in the concentration range ...
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