Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2918
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Wan Alan K S - - 2008
"Danshen" has been used for the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases in the People's Republic of China for many years. Two different forms of "Danshen" exist, with the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza being the traditional form and the roots of Salvia przewalskii being a surrogate used in the western areas ...
Miike Tomohiro - - 2008
AIMS: The present study examined whether substance P (SP)-induced endothelium-dependent TXA(2)-mediated contraction (EDC), nitric oxide (NO)-mediated relaxation (EDR), and endothelium-independent contraction (EIC) are different between the rabbit proximal and distal intrapulmonary arteries. MAIN METHODS: The helically cut strips of isolated proximal and distal arteries were fixed vertically between hooks in ...
Ferrero Eduardo - - 2008
To examine the reaction of tumour arteries to endothelin-1, we obtained arteries supplying blood flow to colorectal tumours from patients, as well as mesenteric arteries supplying the normal colon tissue from the same patients and mesenteric arteries from patients without a colorectal tumour pathology. The contraction in response to endothelin-1 ...
Shahbazi Fatemeh - - 2009
The presence and vasoactive effects of native calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP), and neurokinin A (NKA) were studied on isolated small branches of the coeliac artery from Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, using immunohistochemistry and myograph recordings, respectively. Immunohistochemistry revealed nerve fibers containing CGRP- and SP/NKA-like material running along ...
Injeti Elisha R - - 2008
Postnatal decreases in vascular reactivity involve decreases in the thick filament component of myofilament calcium sensitivity, which is measured as the relationship between cytosolic calcium concentration and myosin light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation. The present study tests the hypothesis that downregulation of thick filament reactivity is due to downregulation of myosin ...
Belin de Chantemèle E J EJ INSERM U 771, Angers, - - 2008
Notch3, a member of the evolutionary conserved Notch receptor family, is primarily expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells. Genetic studies in human and mice revealed a critical role for Notch3 in the structural integrity of distal resistance arteries by regulating arterial differentiation and postnatal maturation. We investigated the role of ...
El-Awady M S H - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the function of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC)/3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced changes in vascular reactivity of rat isolated pulmonary artery and aorta. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Nitric oxide (NO) production, contraction responses to endothelin-1 (ET-1), relaxation responses to sodium nitroprusside (SNP), 8-pCPT-cGMP, BAY412272 and ...
Ziberna Lovro - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The vasomotor response of the coronary artery is altered by hypoxia-reoxygenation (H-R) induced damage. The aim of our study was to compare and evaluate normothermic and hypothermic models which are suitable for future drug studies of vasoprotective action against H-R injury. METHODS: Porcine coronary arterial rings were isolated and ...
Ishihara Yasuhiro - - 2008
A combination of purine and xanthine oxidase (XOD) dose-dependently elicited sustained contraction of porcine coronary arterial rings and resulted in increased concentrations of superoxide anions and hydrogen peroxide. These contractile responses appeared, with a delay, after the application of purine and XOD, used as a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-generating system. ...
Jennings Brett L - - 2008
In this study, the role of nitric oxide (NO) in regulation of the pulmocutaneous vasculature of the toad, Bufo marinus was investigated. In vitro myography demonstrated the presence of a neural NO signaling mechanism in both arteries. Vasodilation induced by nicotine was inhibited by the soluble guanylyl cyclase (GC) inhibitor, ...
Achouh Paul E - - 2008
Carbon monoxide is produced by the degradation of heme by intracellular heme-oxygenase. The aim of our study was to evaluate, in vitro, the vasodilating effect of carbon monoxide and its mechanisms of action on human internal thoracic and radial artery grafts. Segments of human internal thoracic artery and radial artery, ...
Xu Minlin - - 2008
A member of the TNF receptor family, the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) has been previously shown to play a role in the regulation of fibrin deposition in the lung. However, the role of p75(NTR) in the regulation of pulmonary vascular tone in the lung is unknown. In the present study, ...
Mints Miriam - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to study vascular reactivity of small myometrial arteries in women with idiopathic menorrhagia. STUDY DESIGN: Small myometrial arteries were isolated from 6 patients with idiopathic menorrhagia and 4 controls. The contractile responses to thromboxane mimetic (U46619) and endothelin-1 were assessed before and after incubation with ...
Saulnier Delphine M A - - 2008
Synbiotics are recognized means of modulating gut microbiota composition and activities. However, whether synbiotics are superior to prebiotics and probiotics alone in moderating the gut microbiota towards a purportedly healthy composition has not been determined. Eight selected synbiotics (short-chain fructooligosaccharides or fructooligosaccharides, each combined with one of four probiotics, Lactobacillus ...
Lind Lars - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of the conversion of l-arginine to the endothelium-derived vasodilator nitric oxide. We evaluated if circulating levels of l-arginine and ADMA, and the ratio thereof, were related to endothelium-dependent vasodilation in both resistance and conductance arteries in the Prospective Study of the Vasculature ...
Gozalov Aydin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the role of K(ATP) channels in vasodilatation induced by calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), nitric oxide (NO), and transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) in intracranial arteries of rat. BACKGROUND: Dilatation of cerebral and dural arteries causes a throbbing, migraine-like pain. Both CGRP and ...
Jennings Brett L - - 2008
The presence of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and role of nitric oxide (NO) in vascular regulation was investigated in the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri. No evidence was found for NOS in the endothelium of large and small blood vessels following processing for NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry. However, both NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and neural ...
Demel Stacie L SL Neuroscience Program, B328 Life Science Building, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA. - - 2008
Sympathetic nerves release norepinephrine and ATP onto mesenteric arteries. In deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats, there is increased arterial sympathetic neurotransmission attributable, in part, to impaired prejunctional regulation of norepinephrine release. Prejunctional regulation purinergic transmission in hypertension is less well understood. We hypothesized that alpha(2)-adrenergic receptor dysfunction alters purinergic neurotransmission ...
Markos F - - 2008
AIM: We tested the hypothesis that dilatation of a feeding artery may be elicited by transmission of a signal through the tissue of the arterial wall from a vasodilated peripheral vascular bed. METHODS: In eight pentobarbital anaesthetized pigs, acetylcholine (ACh, an endothelium-dependent vasodilator) was injected intra-arterially above (upstream) and below ...
Irkilata Hasan Cem - - 2008
PURPOSE: Several animal and human studies in vivo and in vitro indicate that testosterone has vasodilatory effects on different vessels. However, the effect of testosterone on the internal spermatic vein is not clear. In addition, the role of testosterone in the pathophysiology of varicocele is not established. We investigated the ...
Gupta Praveen K - - 2008
The present study examined the role of voltage-gated potassium (K(v)) channels and myo-endothelial gap junctions in 4-aminopyridine-induced inhibition of acetylcholine-evoked endothelium-dependent relaxation and NO release in the rat carotid artery. The acetylcholine-induced relaxation was drastically inhibited by 94% and 82%, respectively in the presence of either 100 microM N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ...
Lind Lars - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Measurements of both arterial compliance and endothelium-dependent vasodilation have previously been related to coronary risk factors, but not in the same study. In the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study, we studied the interplay between arterial compliance and endothelium-dependent vasodilation on coronary risk. METHODS: In ...
Foudi N - - 2008
PGE2 has been shown to induce relaxations in precontracted human pulmonary venous preparations, while in pulmonary arteries this response was not observed. We investigated and characterized the prostanoid receptors which are activated by PGE2 in the human pulmonary veins. Human pulmonary arteries and veins were cut as rings and set ...
Ma Xin - - 2008
This study was designed (i) to test the hypothesis that the endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) component of ACh-induced vasorelaxation and hyperpolarization of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are impaired following exposure to superoxide anion, and (ii) to further investigate whether luteolin and apigenin induce vasoprotection at the vasoactive concentrations in rat ...
Courtois Arnaud - - 2008
Because pulmonary circulation is the primary vascular target of inhaled particulate matter (PM), and nitric oxide is a major vasculoprotective agent, in this study we investigated the effect of various particles on the NO-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway in pulmonary arteries. We used intrapulmonary arteries and/or endothelial cells, either exposed ...
He Guo-Wei - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Antispastic protocols for arterial grafts are important in arterial grafting for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. We designed a new nicardipine and nitroglycerin cocktail that is composed of a second-generation dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, nicardipine and nitroglycerin (30 micromol/L), and examined its effect in human internal thoracic and radial arteries. ...
Ulusoy Hasan B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To quantitate the contractile effect of methylene blue on isolated human internal mammary artery (IMA) as used in the vasoplegic syndrome. DESIGN: An in vitro experimental study. SETTING: Cardiovascular Pharmacology Laboratory, Department of Medical Pharmacology. PARTICIPANTS: IMA segments were used from 24 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. INTERVENTIONS: ...
Hirao Akiko - - 2008
AIMS: Denudation and regeneration of the vascular endothelium are important in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study is to clarify the mechanisms of functional alterations in remodelled arteries following endothelial injury. METHODS AND RESULTS: Non-mechanical endothelial injury was induced by 540-nm light irradiation of rose Bengal in ...
Pedersen Susan H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Progestins may be associated with the adverse cardiovascular outcomes observed with estrogen plus progestogen therapy, but the mechanism is not resolved. In this study we examined the effect of 17beta-estradiol (E2) alone and in combination with two progestins on the endothelin-1 (ET-1) system in coronary arteries. DESIGN: Watanabe heritable ...
Looft-Wilson Robin C - - 2008
Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) impairs endothelium-dependent vasodilation by increasing reactive oxygen species, thereby reducing nitric oxide (NO.) bioavailability. It is unclear whether reduced expression or function of the enzyme that produces NO., endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), also contributes. It is also unclear whether resistance vessels that utilize both NO.and non-NO.vasodilatory mechanisms, ...
Souza F M - - 2008
The investigation of resistance vessels is generally costly and difficult to execute. The present study investigated the diameters and the vascular reactivity of different segments of the rat tail artery (base, middle, and tail end) of 30 male Wister rats (EPM strain) to characterize a conductance or resistance vessel, using ...
Foster Julie M - - 2008
We used myography on five different arteries and three veins of the hagfish, Eptatretus cirrhatus, to test the response of vessels to vasoactive drugs. Concentration-response curves were generated for carbachol, endothelin-1, arginine vasotocin and the adrenergic agonists, phenylephrine and isoprenaline. pEC50 values indicated that veins were more sensitive to endothelin-1 ...
Wright J L - - 2008
The pathogenesis of cigarette smoke-induced pulmonary hypertension is not understood. We have previously shown that smoke rapidly and persistently, but discoordinately, upregulates gene expression of mediators that control vasoconstriction, vasoproliferation, and vasorelaxation in small intrapulmonary arteries. To investigate the possibility that smoke also induces endothelial dysfunction, a finding common to ...
Sweeney M - - 2008
Agonist-induced tone oscillations (rhythmic contractions and relaxations) occur in vascular beds to allow acute regulation of volume flow and thus the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the tissue. Mechanisms responsible for the control of human placental vasomotor tone and blood flow are poorly characterized. This study aimed to characterise ...
Wang Yan-fei - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The balance between vasodilation and vasoconstriction plays a major role in maintaining vascular homeostasis. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. More and more evidence suggested that there was an interaction in the regulation of vasorelaxation between nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S). We explored the interaction between and ...
Birch D - - 2008
We investigated the distribution and density of perivascular nerves in human mesenteric arteries and veins and their responses to noradrenaline (NA), ATP and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in control (non-inflamed) and inflamed bowel, using confocal microscopy and in vitro pharmacology. The density of innervation at the adventitial-medial border of arteries and ...
Mink Steven N - - 2008
In septic shock, systemic vasodilation and myocardial depression contribute to the systemic hypotension observed. Both components can be attributed to the effects of mediators that are released as part of the inflammatory response. We previously found that lysozyme (Lzm-S), released from leukocytes, contributed to the myocardial depression that develops in ...
Leblais Véronique - - 2008
Some red wine polyphenols exert nitric oxide (NO)-dependent relaxation in systemic arteries, following activation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS). In this study, the effect of red wine polyphenols was determined in rat intrapulmonary arteries, and the effect of some of these compounds was compared with the responses obtained in rat ...
Zhang Ran - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether an expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) was upregulated in 3-week simulated microgravity rat cerebral and carotid arteries and whether impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation was concomitant with VCAM-1 expression. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control (CON) and hindlimb ...
Mingone Christopher J CJ Department of Physiology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, - - 2008
This study examines in endothelium-denuded bovine pulmonary arteries the effects of increasing heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) activity on relaxation and soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activation by nitric oxide (NO). A 24-h organ culture with 0.1 mM cobalt chloride (CoCl2) or 30 microM Co-protoporphyrin IX was developed as a method of increasing ...
Juan Carlos Prieto
Segments of radial artery and internal mammary artery were obtained from patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafts, cut into two segments (≈5 mm in length) and placed in two organ chambers for isometric tension recording. Atorvastatin or pravastatin was added to one chamber and after a 2 h stabilization period, ...
Ardanaz Noelia - - 2008
It is a matter of controversy whether the reactive oxygen species hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) contributes to tone in the vasculature as a vasodilator or vasoconstricting factor. To address this, we hypothesized that H(2)O(2) can constrict quiescent, non-preconstricted blood vessels, but that the contractile response may be different across various vessel ...
Zemancíková A - - 2008
Treatment with pertussis toxin (PTX) which eliminates the activity of G(i) proteins effectively reduces blood pressure (BP) and vascular resistance in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In this study we have compared the functional characteristics of isolated arteries from SHR with and without PTX-treatment (10 microg/kg i.v., 48 h before the ...
Chandrasekar Indira - - 2008
We investigated the effects of betamethasone on oxidative stress and impaired vasodilation in a lamb model of persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN). We treated pregnant ewes following fetal ductal ligation with betamethasone or saline for 48 h before delivery. Response of fetal pulmonary arteries to nitric oxide synthase (NOS) agonist adenosine ...
Schwartz Maria A K - - 2008
Self-calcifying, self-replicating nanoparticles have been isolated from calcified human tissues. However, it is unclear if these nanoparticles participate in disease processes. Therefore, this study was designed to preliminarily test the hypothesis that human-derived nanoparticles are causal to arterial disease processes. One carotid artery of 3 kg male rabbits was denuded ...
Pawson P - - 2007
Haemoglobin-based oxygen carriers have been developed as 'blood substitutes'. Early cross-linked haemoglobins caused marked vasoconstriction, however, polymerized haemoglobin solutions, such as the bovine product haemoglobin glutamer-200 (bovine) (Hb-200), are said to have lesser vascular effects. The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of Hb-200 on isolated rat ...
McGoldrick Rory B - - 2007
LVH (left ventricular hypertrophy) is associated with impaired coronary vascular reserve. In the present study, we examined the effect of pressure-overload hypertrophy on vasorelaxant responses of guinea-pig isolated coronary small arteries and compared them with mesenteric small arteries. Pressure-overload was induced by banding the ascending aorta of guinea-pigs. Haemodynamics, and ...
Webb George D - - 2008
This study aimed to test these hypotheses: cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) is expressed in a human artery, it generates hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), and H(2)S relaxes a human artery. H(2)S is produced endogenously in rat arteries from cysteine by CSE. Endogenously produced H(2)S dilates rat resistance arteries. Although CSE is expressed in ...
Wusteman Monica C - - 2008
A previous study had suggested the use of a mixture of propanediol and trehalose for the preservation of tissues by vitrification. In this paper, we describe experiments in which stepwise procedures were developed for adding these cryoprotectants to high final concentrations in two rabbit tissues-carotid artery and cornea. The tissue ...
Xu Minlin - - 2008
In recent years, transgenic mouse models have been developed to examine the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms of lung disease and pulmonary vascular disease, such as asthma, pulmonary thromboembolic disease, and pulmonary hypertension. However, there has not been systematic characterization of the basic physiological pulmonary vascular reactivity in normal and ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >