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Kunuthur Suma P - - 2011
Reduced NO levels due to the deficiency of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) contribute to impaired vasodilation in pulmonary hypertension. Due to the chemically unstable nature of BH(4), it was hypothesised that oxidatively stable analogues of BH(4) would be able to support NO synthesis to improve endothelial dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension. Two analogues ...
Mauritz Gert-Jan - - 2011
Background In pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) a prolonged time interval between pulmonary valve closure and tricuspid valve opening is found. This period is interpreted as prolonged right ventricular (RV) relaxation, and thus a reflection of diastolic dysfunction. This concept recently has been questioned, since it was shown that RV contraction ...
Baeyens Nicolas - - 2010
Ezrin, radixin, and moesin (ERM) proteins are known to be substrates of Rho kinase (ROCK), a key player in vascular smooth muscle regulation. Their function in arteries remains to be elucidated. The objective of the present study was to investigate ERM phosphorylation and function in rat aorta and mesenteric artery ...
Braith Randy W - - 2010
Mechanisms responsible for anti-ischemic benefits of enhanced external counterpulsation (EECP) remain unknown. This was the first randomized sham-controlled study to investigate the extracardiac effects of EECP on peripheral artery flow-mediated dilation. Forty-two symptomatic patients with coronary artery disease were randomized (2:1 ratio) to thirty-five 1-hour sessions of either EECP (n=28) ...
Lindgren I - - 2010
The reactivity of human fetoplacental arteries is regulated by humoral and local factors of maternal and fetal origin. The chorioallantoic (CA) arteries of bird embryos are homologous to fetoplacental arteries and fulfill the same gas-exchange purpose without maternal influences, but their reactivity has not been studied in detail. In the ...
Ghorbani Bahareh - - 2010
The purpose of our study was to examine if lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.) modifies the vasomotor responses to Endothelin-1 (ET-1) and Sarafotoxin 6c (S6c) in rat coronary arteries. The arteries were studied directly or following organ culture for 24 h in absence and presence of 2.5EU/ml LPS. The ...
Hazarika Surovi - - 2010
Asthma is often associated with cardiovascular complications, and recent observations in animal models indicate that induction of pulmonary allergic inflammation increases susceptibility of the myocardium to ischemia and reperfusion injury. In this study, we used a murine model of allergen sensitization in which aspiration of allergen induces pulmonary and systemic ...
Sánchez Ana - - 2010
Obesity and metabolic syndrome increase the risk of coronary heart disease and lead to a proinflammatory state of the vascular wall. Endothelial dysfunction is associated with up-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and enhanced synthesis of constrictor prostaglandins in systemic arteries in diabetes. The present study assessed whether changes in the arachidonic ...
Lu Tzy-Ming - - 2010
Deoxybenzoins are potent antioxidants and tyrosinase inhibitors with potential to be developed as food preservatives and cosmetic ingredients. To explore the potential in cardiovascular protection, 25 polyphenolic deoxybenzoins were synthesized and evaluated for inhibitory effects on KCl-induced porcine coronary arterial contraction. The results revealed deoxybenzoins are significant inhibitors of KCl-induced ...
Cherng Tom W TW Department of Cell Biology and Physiology, University of New Mexico, Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, - - 2011
Increased air pollutants correlate with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease potentially due to vascular dysfunction. We have reported that acute diesel engine exhaust (DE) exposure enhances vasoconstriction and diminishes acetylcholine (ACh)-induced dilation in coronary arteries in a nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent manner. We hypothesize that acute DE inhalation leads to ...
Salomone Salvatore - - 2010
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) constricts cerebral arteries through S1P(3) receptor stimulation. Because the activity of the key S1P-synthesizing enzyme, sphingosine kinase (SPK), can be stimulated by agonists of various G protein-coupled receptors, it is likely that S1P also acts as a second messenger for other vasoconstrictors. We investigated the effect of SPK ...
Padilla Jaume - - 2010
In humans, the measurement of brachial artery endothelial vasomotor function is used as a surrogate index of systemic endothelial health; however, the applicability of brachial artery findings to other vasculatures needs to be examined. The purpose of the present investigation was to test the following hypotheses: (1) brachial and femoral ...
Wong Emily S W - - 2010
Dexmedetomidine is an α(2)-adrenoceptor agonist and anesthetic. The present study was designed to characterize the receptor subtypes and the downstream mechanisms of the vascular effects of dexmedetomidine in small (mesenteric artery) and large (aorta) arteries ex vivo. Isometric tension was measured in Sprague-Dawley rat mesenteric and aortic rings (with or ...
Paulis Ludovit - - 2010
Melatonin is suggested to be beneficial in several pathological conditions including arterial hypertension. One of the mechanisms proposed for its antihypertensive action is the protection against endothelial dysfunction. We investigated whether melatonin can accelerate the recovery from N(G)-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertension after the cessation of L-NAME administration. Male adult Wistar ...
Lynch Fiona M - - 2010
The mechanisms by which perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) can reduce vascular contractility remain to be elucidated and may underlie the associations of obesity with hypertension, insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease. This study investigates the effects of aldosterone and obesity in isolated rat aorta. Healthy and obese male rats were killed ...
Bocquet A - - 2010
The persistent sodium current is involved in myocardial ischaemia and is selectively inhibited by the newly described 3-(R)-[3-(2-methoxyphenylthio-2-(S)-methylpropyl]amino-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,5-benzoxathiepine bromhydrate (F 15845). Here, we describe the pharmacological profile of F 15845 against the effects of hypoxia in femoral arteries in vitro. Isometric tension measurement of rat isolated femoral arteries was used ...
Snetkov Vladimir A - - 2011
the aim of this study was to determine the relative importance of Ca(2+) sensitization, ion channels, and intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) in the mixed constrictor/relaxation actions of superoxide anion on systemic and pulmonary arteries. pulmonary and mesenteric arteries were obtained from rat. Superoxide was generated in arteries and cells with 6-anilino-5,8-quinolinequinone ...
Tokoudagba Jean-Marie - - 2010
Parkia biglobosa leaves are traditionally used as an antihypertensive agent in Benin. The present study assessed the vasorelaxant activity of different Parkia biglobosa leaf extracts using isolated porcine coronary artery rings. A hydroalcoholic leaf extract was submitted to a multi-step liquid-liquid fractionation with solvents of increasing polarity and the polyphenolic ...
Pereira Aline C - - 2010
Balloon catheter injury promotes hyperreactivity to phenylephrine (Phe) in the contralateral carotid. Phe-induced contraction involves calcium mobilization, a process that may be sensitive to reactive oxygen species. In this study, we investigated whether increased reactivity to Phe in the contralateral carotid is due to alterations in calcium mobilization by Phe ...
Husebye Elisabeth Ellingsen - - 2011
Operations in trauma patients represent a second insult and the extent of the surgical procedures influences the magnitude of the inflammatory response. Our hypothesis was that a reamer-irrigator-aspirator (RIA) system would cause a lesser inflammatory response than traditional reaming (TR). Coagulation, fibrinolysis and cytokine responses were studied in Norwegian landrace ...
Zhang Jin - - 2010
The cellular mechanisms that control arterial diameter in vivo, particularly in hypertension, are uncertain. Here, we report a method that permits arterial intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)), myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) activation, and artery external diameter to be recorded simultaneously with arterial blood pressure (BP) in living mice under 1.5% isofluorane ...
Jones Allan W - - 2010
Heme oxygenase-1 knockout, H(mox)1(-/-), mice exhibit exacerbated vascular lesions after ischemia-reperfusion and mechanical injury. Surprisingly, we found no studies that reported contractile responses and sensitivity to vasorelaxants in H(mox)1(-/-) mice. The contractile responses [superior mesenteric arteries (SMA), from female H(mox)1(-/-) mice] exhibited increased sensitivity to phenylephrine (p < 0.001). Cumulative ...
Wutrich Yann - - 2010
To determine whether an epinephrine-induced early increase in arterial lactate concentration can prognosticate the outcome during shock state, we conducted a retrospective study in a 16-bed medical intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in France. One hundred consecutive patients admitted because of a shock state irrespective of etiology and ...
Chan K Y - - 2010
The sensory neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) plays a role in primary headaches, and CGRP receptor antagonists are effective in migraine treatment. CGRP is a potent vasodilator, raising the possibility that antagonism of its receptor could have cardiovascular effects. We therefore investigated the effects of the antimigraine CGRP receptor antagonist ...
Liu Yinglin - - 2011
Pulmonary hypertension is characterized by elevated pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and migration. Clinical and experimental evidence suggests that serotonin (5-HT) is important in these responses. We previously demonstrated the participation of the 5-HT transporter and intracellular 5-HT (5-HTi) in the pulmonary vascular SMC-proliferative ...
Monge Luis - - 2010
To analyze ischemia-reperfusion effects on the cerebrovascular adrenergic response, the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) of anesthetized goats was occluded for 120 min and reperfused for 60 min. Isolated segments from the left (ischemic) and right (control) MCA exhibited isometric constriction in response to noradrenaline (10(-8)-10(-4)M, in the presence of ...
Prosser H C - - 2010
ProAngiotensin-12 (PA12) is the most recent peptide to be identified as a functional component of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). PA12 is reported to constrict rat coronary arteries and the aorta, dependent upon angiotensin II-converting enzyme 1 (ACE1) and chymase. The current study employed myography to determine the direct vascular effects ...
Fleissner Felix F Institute of Molecular and Translational Therapeutic Strategies, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, - - 2010
The endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA) is increased in patients with coronary artery disease and may regulate function of circulating angiogenic progenitor cells (APCs) by small regulatory RNAs. To study the role of microRNAs in ADMA-mediated impairment of APCs. By using microarray analyses, we established microRNA expression ...
Chen Chang - - 2010
The pharmacological basis of isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN), a widely used drug for cardiovascular diseases, is that it is metabolized to nitric oxide (NO). However, NO is a double-edged sword that results in either beneficial or detrimental effect. Vascular injury is the common consequence of many cardiovascular diseases, but it is ...
Zhang Hai-fei - - 2010
AIM: To examine the involvement of K(+) channels and endothelium in the vascular effects of magnesium lithospermate B (MLB), a hydrophilic active component of Salviae miltiorrhiza Radix. METHODS: Isolated rat mesenteric artery rings were employed to investigate the effects of MLB on KCl- or norepinephrine-induced contractions. Conventional whole-cell patch-clamp technique ...
Lanahan Anthony A - - 2010
VEGF is the key growth factor regulating arterial morphogenesis. However, molecular events involved in this process have not been elucidated. Synectin null mice demonstrate impaired VEGF signaling and a marked reduction in arterial morphogenesis. Here, we show that this occurs due to delayed trafficking of VEGFR2-containing endosomes that exposes internalized ...
O'Shea Ciara A - - 2010
Endothelial dysfunction is an important factor in cardiovascular pathology. It has been suggested that pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may contribute to repair of the endothelium through paracrine pathways. Enhanced re-endothelialization may be associated with a better outcome following angioplasty procedures. We examined the effect of the delivery of MSCs ...
Pataricza János - - 2010
Coronary arteries isolated from human, porcine, and canine hearts were depolarized with potassium chloride and relaxed by cromakalim (0.0125-10.0 micromol/L) at low (1.5 mmol/L) and high (7.5 mmol/L) extracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]( o)). At low [Ca(2+)](o), cromakalim (1 micromol/L) relaxed the coronary arteries with the order of porcine > canine ...
Ma Huijuan - - 2010
Myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) is the regulatory subunit of myosin light chain phosphatase (MLCP). It plays a critical role in vasodilatation induced by cGMP-elevating agents such as nitric oxide (NO). The present study was performed to determine the role of MYPT1 in the development of tolerance of the ...
Yamamizu Kohei - - 2010
Molecular mechanisms controlling arterial-venous specification have not been fully elucidated. Previously, we established an embryonic stem cell differentiation system and demonstrated that activation of cAMP signaling together with VEGF induces arterial endothelial cells (ECs) from Flk1(+) vascular progenitor cells. Here, we show novel arterial specification machinery regulated by Notch and ...
Plass Christian A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Potential disadvantages, such as lower graft patency rates, that could lead to the need for more subsequent revascularization after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting are discussed. One mechanism may involve endothelial damage originating from tools to facilitate a bloodless surgical field during anastomosis. We investigated the effect of the ...
Roganović Jelena - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The influence of carotid artery occlusion (10, 30 and 60 min) on regulatory mechanisms implicated in the vasorelaxant responses of isolated glandular branch of rabbit facial artery to acetylcholine (ACh) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) was examined. DESIGN: In organ bath studies with arterial rings precontracted with phenylephrine (1 ...
Raffetto Joseph D - - 2010
Varicose veins (VarVs) are a common disorder of venous dilation and tortuosity with unclear mechanism. The functional integrity and the ability of various regions of the VarVs to constrict is unclear. This study tested the hypothesis that the different degrees of venodilation in different VarV regions reflect segmental differences in ...
Singh Thakur Uttam - - 2010
It is known that long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), have beneficial effects on cardiovascular function including pulmonary hypertension. The purpose of the present study was to examine the mechanisms involved in EPA-induced relaxation of sheep isolated pulmonary artery by measuring isometric tension. Nitric oxide (NO) ...
Edvinsson Lars - - 2010
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a neuronal messenger in intracranial sensory nerves and is considered to play a significant role in migraine pathophysiology. We investigated the effect of the CGRP receptor antagonist, telcagepant, on CGRP-induced cranial vasodilatation in human isolated cerebral and middle meningeal arteries. We also studied the expression ...
Lu Chao - - 2010
In rat mesenteric arteries we have recently found that perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) promoted vasoconstriction to perivascular neuronal activation (by electrical field stimulation, EFS) through generation of superoxide. In this study, we examined the role of adipocyte-generated angiotensin II in PVAT-mediated potentiation of contraction to nerve stimulation. In rat mesenteric ...
Kroigaard Christel - - 2010
This study investigated the mechanisms underlying epithelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EpDHF)-type relaxation in rat bronchioles. Immunohistochemistry was performed, and rat bronchioles and pulmonary arteries were mounted in microvascular myographs for functional studies. An opener of small (SK(Ca)) and intermediate (IK(Ca))-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels, NS309 (6,7-dichloro-1H-indole-2,3-dione 3-oxime) was used to induce EpDHF-type ...
Maki Jun - - 2010
Thrombus formation is commonly associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Thrombin may thus play an important role in the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of PAH. Hence, we investigated the contractile effects of thrombin and its mechanism in pulmonary artery. The cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)), 20 kDa myosin light chain (MLC20) phosphorylation ...
Sánchez A - - 2010
The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism via cyclooxygenase (COX) in the endothelial dysfunction of penile arteries from pre-diabetic, obese Zucker rats (OZR). Penile arteries from OZR and from lean Zucker rats (LZR) were mounted in microvascular myographs to assess vascular ...
Jennings Brett L - - 2010
This study determined the role of nitric oxide (NO) in neurogenic vasodilation in mesenteric resistance arteries of the toad Bufo marinus. NO synthase (NOS) was anatomically demonstrated in perivascular nerves, but not in the endothelium. ACh and nicotine caused TTX-sensitive neurogenic vasodilation of mesenteric arteries. The ACh-induced vasodilation was endothelium-independent ...
Broughton Brad R S - - 2010
Recent studies have identified that the novel membrane estrogen receptor, G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30), is present in blood vessels. However, the signaling mechanisms associated with GPR30 in the vasculature remain unclear. We examined whether putative agonists of GPR30 exert vasorelaxant and/or antioxidant effects similar to those reported for estrogen. ...
Hill Jonathan V - - 2010
Branchial artery vasoreactivity and nerve density were measured in teleosts of different phylogenetic relatedness from cold (-1.86 degrees to +1 degrees C) and temperate ( approximately 13 degrees C) environments. Polar Notothenia coriiceps and temperate Paranotothenia angustata are closely related Southern Hemisphere nototheniids, and polar Boreogadus saida and temperate Myoxocephalus ...
Schini-Kerth Valérie B - - 2010
The Mediterranean diet has been associated with greater longevity and quality of life in epidemiological studies. Indeed, because of the abundance of fruits and vegetables and a moderate consumption of wine, the Mediterranean diet provides high amounts of polyphenols thought to be essential bioactive compounds that might provide health benefits ...
Laukeviciene Ale - - 2010
This study investigated possible implication of nitric oxide and prostanoids in anaphylactic reaction in small mesenteric and coronary arteries. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Isolated arteries from guinea pigs, sensitized with 0.5 mL of horse serum or sham-sensitized, were challenged with 1% of horse serum in vitro. Contractile responses of arteries (normalized ...
Geddawy Ayman - - 2010
We compared mechanical responses to uridine-5'triphosphate (UTP) and 2-(methylthio)adenosine-5'diphosphate (2MeSADP) of cerebral arteries isolated from dogs and monkeys. In the dog, UTP induced endothelium-independent contraction, whereas 2MeSADP induced endothelium-dependent relaxation that was abolished by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NA). In the monkey, both UTP and 2MeSADP induced endothelium-dependent relaxation. L-NA largely inhibited the ...
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